Belleville, Ontario

Last updated

Belleville

Thurlow
City of Belleville
Belleville skyline.JPG
Skyline of Downtown Belleville
Logo of Belleville, Ontario.svg
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Bellevegas
Motto(s): 
on the Bay of Quinte
Canada Southern Ontario location map 2.png
Red pog.svg
Belleville
Coordinates: 44°10′N77°23′W / 44.167°N 77.383°W / 44.167; -77.383 Coordinates: 44°10′N77°23′W / 44.167°N 77.383°W / 44.167; -77.383
Country Canada
Province Ontario
County Hastings
Settled1789
Named1816
Incorporated1836 (as police village)
Incorporated as city1878
Government
  MayorMitch Panciuk
  Federal riding Bay of Quinte
  Prov. riding Bay of Quinte
Area
  Land247.21 km2 (95.45 sq mi)
  Metro
741.36 km2 (286.24 sq mi)
Population
 (2016) [3]
   City (single-tier)50,716
  Density205.1/km2 (531/sq mi)
   Metro
103,472
  Metro density77.4/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal Code FSA
K8N, K8P, K8R
Area codes 613, 343
GDP (Belleville CMA) CA$4.6 billion (2016) [4]
GDP per capita (Belleville CMA)CA$44,930 (2016)
Website www.belleville.ca

Belleville is a city in Ontario, Canada situated on the eastern end of Lake Ontario, located at the mouth of the Moira River and on the Bay of Quinte. Belleville is between Ottawa and Toronto, along the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor. Its population as of the 2016 census was 50,716 (census agglomeration population 103,472 [3] ). It is the seat of Hastings County, but politically independent of it, and is the centre of the Bay of Quinte Region.

Contents

History

Front Street, 1900 Belleville, Ontario (1900).jpg
Front Street, 1900
Front Street, 1972 HCM188 (Front Street Belleville Ontario 1972) (32697637021).jpg
Front Street, 1972
Belleville Armoury is a recognized Federal Heritage building, listed in 1992 on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Belleville Armouries.JPG
Belleville Armoury is a recognized Federal Heritage building, listed in 1992 on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings
Flowerbed beside Highway 401 near Belleville Highway 401 - Belleville 2001.jpg
Flowerbed beside Highway 401 near Belleville

The city is situated on the traditional territory of the Wendat, Anishnaabeg, and Haudenosaunee peoples. [6] The historic Anishinaabe (Mississaugas) village, known as Asukhknosk in the 18th century, was part of land purchased by the Crown to use for the resettlement of United Empire Loyalists who were forced to leave the Thirteen Colonies in North America, after the United States achieved independence.[ citation needed ]

The settlement was first called Singleton's Creek after an early settler, George Singleton. Next it was called Meyer's Creek, after prominent settler and industrialist John Walden Meyers (1745-1821), one of the founders of Belleville. He built a sawmill and grist mill. [7] [8] After an 1816 visit to the settlement by colonial administrator Sir Francis Gore and his wife, Lady Annabella Gore, it was renamed as Belleville in her honour. [7]

Henry Corby, who arrived in 1832 with his new wife Alma Williams (they had married before immigrating), settled in Belleville. He was a merchant, setting up a grocery store and other businesses. He founded the H. Corby Distillery, and promoted the municipality. He also represented it in Parliament.

Their son Henry Corby Jr. (Harry) took over the family business and continued to support the town: he donated funding to create the public library, helped develop the park at Massassaga Point, established the Corby Charitable Fund, helped raise funds to build the first bridge across the Bay of Quinte [9] and donated the land and development of Corby Park. [10]

In 1836 Belleville became an incorporated village. [11] By 1846, it had a population of 2040. Several stone buildings were soon constructed, including a jail and court house, as well as some of the seven churches. Transportation to other communities was by stagecoach and, in summer, by steamboat along the lake. Two weekly newspapers were published. The post office received mail daily. Several court and government offices were located here. In addition to tradesmen, there was some small industry, three cloth factories, a paper mill, two grist mills, three tanneries and two breweries. The seventeen taverns outnumbered the churches and most businesses. [12] The oldest surviving residence within the original boundaries, 67 South Front Street, was built by Alexander Oliphant Petrie in 1814. [13]

With the completion of the Grand Trunk Railway in 1856, Belleville became an important railway junction. Added to a booming trade in lumber and successful farming in the area, the railway helped increase the commercial and industrial growth. Belleville was incorporated as a town in 1850. [14]

In 1858 the iron bridge was completed over the Moira River at Bridge Street; it was the first iron bridge in Hastings County. By 1865, the population reached 6,000. [11] Telephone service to 29 subscribers was in place by 1883; electricity became available in 1885 and in 1886, the town began to offer municipal water service. In 1870, Ontario's first school for the deaf was established in Belleville. Under Dr. Charles B. Coughlin, the school was recognized as making a significant contribution to special education. Originally called the Ontario Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb, the facility was renamed as Ontario School for the Deaf. In 1974, it was renamed as the Sir James Whitney School. [15]

Belleville's town hall operates in a building first constructed in 1873 to house the public market and administrative offices. It was designed in the High Victorian Gothic style and retains much of its original appearance. [16] [17] In 1877, Belleville was legally incorporated as a city. [14]

In 1998, the city was amalgamated with the surrounding Township of Thurlow to form an expanded City of Belleville as part of Ontario-wide municipal restructuring. The city also annexed portions of Quinte West to the west.

Late 20th-century franchises founded here include the Dixie Lee Fried Chicken chain in 1964 and, in 1978, Journey's End Corporation's economy, limited-service hotel chain.

Geography

Belleville is located at the mouth of the Moira River on the Bay of Quinte in southeastern Ontario between the cities of Quinte West to the west and Napanee to the east. These cities are connected by both Ontario's Highway 2 and the Macdonald-Cartier Freeway (Highway 401); The city is also served by Highway 37, running north–south from Belleville towards Tweed to the east of the Moira River; and Highway 62 (once Highway 14 south of 401), northwards towards Madoc, and southward to Prince Edward County over the Bay Bridge.

Belleville is located in a transitional zone which may be considered part of the Central Ontario or Eastern Ontario regions by different sources. Officially, Belleville is properly considered part of the Central Ontario region as it is located west of the St. Lawrence River's starting point, but the city is popularly considered part of Eastern Ontario as it shares the eastern region's area code 613 and K postal code.

Neighbourhoods

In addition to the Belleville city centre, the city of Belleville also comprises a number of villages and hamlets, including the following communities: Bayshore, Cannifton, Corbyville, Foxboro, Frink Centre, Gilead, Halloway, Honeywell Corners, Latta, Loyalist, Philipston, Plainfield, Pointe Anne, Roslin (partially), Thrasher's Corners, Thurlow, Thurlow South and Zion Hill.

Climate

Belleville's climate has four distinct seasons. The city's traditional humid continental climate (Dfb)(hot summers, cold winters) is moderated by its location near Lake Ontario. The lake moderates temperature extremes, cooling hot summer days and warming cold days during the fall and winter. [ citation needed ] Because of this, winter snowfall is somewhat limited due to the increased frequency of precipitation falling as rain during the winter months. In the summer months, severe thunderstorm activity is usually limited because of the non-favourable lake breeze conditions. The city, being located on the north shore of Lake Ontario, is also in an unfavourable location for lake effect snow. One notable exception, however, was in December 2010 when 14 cm of snow occurred in one day as a result of a snow band from Lake Ontario. The summer months do not typically experience exceedingly hot temperatures, however, humidity levels can make daytime highs uncomfortable. Summer rainfall is usually modest and delivered by passing thunderstorms or warm fronts. Remnants of tropical systems do pass through on occasion towards summer's end, resulting in one or two days of consistently wet weather. The winter season is highly variable, with the record setting winter of 2007–08 experiencing near 270 cm of snow. Four years later, the winter of 2011–12 experienced only 60 cm of snow. Winter temperatures are also highly variable, even in one season. Air masses change frequently, and while a few days may see above freezing temperatures at a time in January, the next week may bring cold and snowfall. Autumn is usually mild, with an increase in precipitation starting in late September as conditions for fall storms develop. The highest temperature ever recorded in Belleville was 104 °F (40.0 °C) on 9 July 1936. [18] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −39 °F (−39.4 °C) on 9 February 1934. [18]

Climate data for Belleville, 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1866−present
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)14.5
(58.1)
13.0
(55.4)
23.0
(73.4)
29.0
(84.2)
35.0
(95.0)
35.6
(96.1)
40.0
(104.0)
36.1
(97.0)
35.0
(95.0)
28.3
(82.9)
22.2
(72.0)
16.5
(61.7)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F)−2.2
(28.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
4.1
(39.4)
11.7
(53.1)
18.7
(65.7)
23.9
(75.0)
26.8
(80.2)
25.7
(78.3)
21.0
(69.8)
13.7
(56.7)
7.2
(45.0)
1.2
(34.2)
12.6
(54.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)−6.7
(19.9)
−5.1
(22.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
7.0
(44.6)
13.7
(56.7)
19.0
(66.2)
21.8
(71.2)
20.8
(69.4)
16.3
(61.3)
9.5
(49.1)
3.6
(38.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
8.1
(46.6)
Average low °C (°F)−11.1
(12.0)
−9.7
(14.5)
−5
(23)
2.3
(36.1)
8.7
(47.7)
14.0
(57.2)
16.9
(62.4)
15.9
(60.6)
11.7
(53.1)
5.3
(41.5)
0.1
(32.2)
−6.3
(20.7)
3.6
(38.5)
Record low °C (°F)−37.8
(−36.0)
−39.4
(−38.9)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−17.2
(1.0)
−7.2
(19.0)
0.0
(32.0)
6.1
(43.0)
3.3
(37.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
−10
(14)
−22.2
(−8.0)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−39.4
(−38.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)67.3
(2.65)
58.1
(2.29)
62.4
(2.46)
75.8
(2.98)
81.3
(3.20)
74.5
(2.93)
65.1
(2.56)
75.5
(2.97)
91.9
(3.62)
85.2
(3.35)
95.7
(3.77)
79.1
(3.11)
911.6
(35.89)
Average rainfall mm (inches)30.6
(1.20)
29.4
(1.16)
40.3
(1.59)
69.2
(2.72)
81.2
(3.20)
74.5
(2.93)
65.1
(2.56)
75.5
(2.97)
91.9
(3.62)
84.9
(3.34)
84.7
(3.33)
44.6
(1.76)
771.9
(30.39)
Average snowfall cm (inches)36.8
(14.5)
28.6
(11.3)
22.1
(8.7)
6.5
(2.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.1)
11.0
(4.3)
34.5
(13.6)
139.7
(55.0)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)15.411.812.012.212.411.69.710.511.313.514.014.2148.6
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)5.34.97.411.012.311.69.710.511.313.411.47.5116.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)11.78.56.42.10.040.00.00.00.00.123.78.841.2
Source: Environment Canada [18] [19]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18412,040    
18514,593+125.1%
18717,305+59.0%
18819,516+30.3%
18919,916+4.2%
19019,117−8.1%
1911 9,876+8.3%
192112,206+23.6%
193113,790+13.0%
194115,498+12.4%
195119,519+25.9%
196130,655+57.1%
197135,128+14.6%
198134,881−0.7%
199137,243 [lower-alpha 1] +6.8%
1996 37,083 [lower-alpha 2] −0.4%
2001 45,986+24.0%
2006 48,821+6.2%
2011 49,454+1.3%
2016 50,716+2.6%
[20] The 1991 and 1996 populations are 44,858 and 45,069 respectively when adjusted to the 2001 boundaries. The 2001 population is 46,029 when adjusted to the 2006 boundaries.

Belleville is the largest urban centre in a much larger market area generally known as the Quinte Region. According to the 2020 World Population Review, [21] the population of Belleville is 50,716, a 2.6% increase from 2011. The population density is 205.1 people per square km. The median age is 44.7 years old, a bit higher than the national median at 41.2 years old. There are 22,744 private dwellings with an occupancy rate of 95.6%. The median value of a dwelling in Belleville is $229,630 which is a fair bit lower than the national average at $341,556. The median household income (after-taxes) in Belleville is $53,365, somewhat lower than the national average at $61,348.

Belleville's population is mostly of European descent. The racial make up of Belleville is 87.0% White, 7.4% Aboriginal and 5.6% visible minorities. The largest visible minority groups in Belleville are South Asian (1.5%), Black (1.0%), Chinese (0.6%) and Filipino (0.5%). Most of Belleville is either a Christian (67.1%), or affiliates with no religion (30.3%). The remaining 2.6% affiliate with another religion. [22] In 2016, 91.7% of residents spoke English as their first language while 1.5% spoke French and 6% had a non-official language as their mother tongue.

Bridge Street United Church Bridge Street United Church.JPG
Bridge Street United Church

Economy

Procter & Gamble, Kellogg's, Bardon Supplies Limited, Redpath, W.T. Hawkins Ltd, Sigma Stretch Film Canada, Hexo Cannabis, Autosystems Manufacturing (Magna International), Amer Sports Canada, and Avaya (formerly Nortel) are corporations operating in Belleville. Many other manufacturing sector companies operate within the City of Belleville, including Bioniche Life Sciences, Sprague Foods, Airborne Systems Canada Ltd, Berry Plastics Canada, CPK Interior Products, Hanon (formerly Halla) Climate Control Canada, Reid's Dairy, Parmalat Canada – Black Diamond Cheese Division and Norampac Inc.

Belleville is home to two shopping malls: The Bay View Mall in east-end Belleville and the Quinte Mall along Bell Boulevard (south of Highway 401) in North Belleville. In January 2017 a Shorelines Casino opened on Bell Boulevard.

Arts and culture

Theatre

Annual events

January

February

March

May

June

July

August

September

November

December

Sports

The Belleville Senators play in the American Hockey League (AHL) and began play in the 2017–18 season as the top minor league affiliate of the National Hockey League's Ottawa Senators. [23] They play at the CAA Arena, formally Yardmen Arena, located on 265 Cannifton Road.

Belleville Bulls played in the Ontario Hockey League from 1981 to 2015. The team was then sold and relocated to Hamilton, Ontario. Belleville was also previously home to two senior hockey teams, the Belleville Macs and the Belleville McFarlands. Belleville is also home the Bay of Quinte Yacht Club, which challenged for the America's Cup in 1881. Belleville also sports minor hockey league teams such as the Belleville Bearcats (female) and the Belleville Jr. Bulls (male).

The Belleville McFarlands were a men's senior ice hockey team in the Ontario Hockey Association Senior division from 1956 to 1961. The McFarlands were Allan Cup champions in 1958, defeating the Kelowna Packers four games to three, and the World Championship in 1959. The team name was revived by a later team in the Eastern Ontario Senior Hockey League from 2003 to 2006, known as the Belleville Macs

Shannonville Motorsport Park has hosted rounds of the Canadian Touring Car Championship, the Canadian Superbike Championship and the CASC Ontario Region championships.

Government

Belleville City Hall Belleville City Hall.JPG
Belleville City Hall

Local government is represented by Belleville City Council with a mayor and eight councillors. There are two city wards with Ward 1 (Belleville) represented by six councillors and Ward 2 (Thurlow) by two councillors. Ward 1 consists of the historic city and Ward 2 was created in 1998 with the amalgamation of Township of Thurlow. City Council sits at Belleville City Hall.

Police Service

The city has had its own police force since 1834, and constables since 1790. [24] The force has about 116 members headed by a chief of police and a deputy chief. The service is stationed out of one location only. Policing on provincial highways is provided by the Ontario Provincial Police from the Napanee detachment.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Belleville is serviced by the 401 highway system, and bus service to and from Toronto Pearson International Airport is provided by Megabus. Deseronto Transit provides public transportation services to destinations including Deseronto, Napanee, and Prince Edward County. [25]

Belleville is located on the Toronto-Montreal main rail lines for both Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway; both companies provide freight access. VIA Rail also operates five daily passenger services each way along its Windsor–Québec rail corridor.

Major routes in Belleville

Hospital

Belleville General Hospital is located near Highway 2 and is Belleville's main healthcare facility. The hospital is one of the four hospitals in the region under Quinte Health Care. The corporate headquarters of Quinte Health Care is located in the Belleville location. [26]

Education

Post-secondary

The Academy of Learning College is a local college located on the east end of Belleville.

Loyalist College is a local public community college located on the border of Belleville and Quinte West on Wallbridge Loyalist Road.

Public schools

The public school system is served by the Hastings & Prince Edward District School Board. The Catholic School system is served by the Algonquin and Lakeshore Catholic District School Board.

Secondary schools:

Elementary schools:

Separate schools

The following are Belleville area schools managed by the Algonquin and Lakeshore Catholic District School Board.

Secondary schools:

Elementary schools:

Provincial demonstration schools

Private schools

Media

Print

Radio

FrequencyCall signBrandingFormatOwnerNotes
AM 800 CJBQ CJBQ 800 Full service Quinte Broadcasting
FM 90.3 CBO-FM-1 CBC Radio One Talk radio, public radio Canadian Broadcasting Corporation *Rebroadcaster of CBO-FM (Ottawa) (Moving from 104.7 FM to 90.3 FM - CRTC approved May 18, 2021) [27]
FM 91.3 CJLX-FM 91X Campus radio Loyalist College
FM 94.3 CJBC-1-FM Ici Radio-Canada Première Talk radio, public radio Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Rebroadcaster of CJBC (Toronto)
FM 95.5 CJOJ-FM 95.5 Hits FM Adult hits Starboard Communications
FM 97.1 CIGL-FM Mix 97 Hot adult contemporary Quinte Broadcasting
FM 100.1 CHCQ-FM Cool 100.1 Country music Starboard Communications
FM 102.3 CKJJ-FM UCB Radio Christian radio United Christian Broadcasters Canada
FM 107.1 CJTN-FM Rock 107 Classic rock Quinte Broadcasting

Television

OTA virtual channel (PSIP)OTA actual channelCall signNetworkNotes
26.126 (UHF) CICO-DT-53 TVOntario Rebroadcaster of CICA-DT (Toronto)
OTA virtual channel (PSIP)OTA actual channelCall signNetworkNotes
44 (Cable TV only) YourTV Quinte YourTVPart of Cogeco Community TV

Internet

Sister cities

The City of Belleville has three sister city arrangements with communities outside of Canada which include: [28]

Notable people

See also

Notes

  1. Population is the sum of Belleville (city) 37,243, and Thurlow (township): 7,615
  2. Population is the sum of Belleville (city): 37,083, and Thurlow (township): 7,986

Related Research Articles

Bay of Quinte

The Bay of Quinte is a long, narrow bay shaped like the letter "Z" on the northern shore of Lake Ontario in the province of Ontario, Canada. It is just west of the head of the Saint Lawrence River that drains the Great Lakes into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. It is located about 200 kilometres (120 mi) east of Toronto and 350 kilometres (220 mi) west of Montreal.

Newmarket, Ontario Town in Ontario, Canada

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Whitby, Ontario Town in Ontario, Canada

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Trenton, Ontario Community in Ontario, Canada

Trenton is a large unincorporated community in Central Ontario in the municipality of Quinte West, Ontario, Canada. Located on the Bay of Quinte, it is the starting point for the Trent-Severn Waterway, which continues northwest to Peterborough and eventually Port Severn on Georgian Bay.

Hastings County County in Ontario, Canada

Hastings County is located in the province of Ontario, Canada. Geographically, it is located on the border of Eastern Ontario and Central Ontario. Hastings County is the second largest county in Ontario. The county seat is Belleville, which is independent of Hastings County. Hastings County has trademarked the moniker "Cheese Capital of Canada".

Prince Edward County, Ontario City in Ontario, Canada

Prince Edward County (PEC) is a municipality in southern Ontario, Canada. Its coastline on Lake Ontario’s northeastern shore is known for Sandbanks Provincial Park, which has sandy beaches and towering limestone cliffs. The Regent Theatre, a restored Edwardian opera house, sits at the heart of the town of Picton on the Bay of Quinte. Nearby Macaulay Heritage Park highlights local history through its 19th-century buildings. In 2016, Prince Edward County had a census population of 24,735. Prince Edward County is a city, single-tier municipality and a census division of the Canadian province of Ontario.

Prince Edward—Hastings

Prince Edward—Hastings was a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that existed in the House of Commons of Canada from 1968 to 2015. Its population in 2006 was 113,227. It was redistributed between Bay of Quinte electoral district and Hastings—Lennox and Addington electoral district as a result of the Canadian federal electoral redistribution, 2012.

Nepean, Ontario Suburban district in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

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Quinte West City in Ontario, Canada

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Loyalist, Ontario Township municipality in Ontario, Canada

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Moira River

The Moira River is a river in Hastings County in eastern Ontario, Canada. It travels from its source in the centre of the county to the Bay of Quinte at the county seat Belleville.

Woodbridge, Ontario Suburban district in York, Ontario, Canada

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Bolton, Ontario Unincorporated community in Ontario, Canada

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Toronto Patriots Junior "A" ice hockey team from Toronto, Ontario

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Deseronto Town in Ontario, Canada

Deseronto is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, in Hastings County, located at the mouth of the Napanee River on the shore of the Bay of Quinte, on the northern side of Lake Ontario.

The Hastings and Prince Edward District School Board has 39 elementary and eight secondary schools, serving over 18,400 students, and employing more than 1,070 teachers and 705 support staff. The school board covers a wide geographical area of 7,221 square kilometres bordered by Maynooth to the north, Deseronto to the east, Prince Edward County to the south and Quinte West to the west.

Stirling-Rawdon Township in Ontario, Canada

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Hastings County Board of Education (HCBE) was a school district in Ontario, Canada, serving Hastings County. Its headquarters were in the Education Centre in Belleville.

Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory First Nation territory in Ontario, Canada

Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory is the main First Nation reserve of the Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte First Nation. The territory is located in Ontario east of Belleville on the Bay of Quinte. Tyendinaga is located near the site of the former Mohawk village of Ganneious.:10

References

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  2. "Belleville (Census agglomeration) census profile". 2011 Census of Population . Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  3. 1 2 "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Belleville, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Belleville [Census metropolitan area], Ontario". Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  4. "Table 36-10-0468-01 Gross domestic product (GDP) at basic prices, by census metropolitan area (CMA) (x 1,000,000)". Statistics Canada. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  5. "Armoury - Recognized Federal Heritage Building - Belleville, Ontario". Parks Canada. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  6. "Traditional Territory Acknowledgements in Ontario" (PDF). Ontario labour Federation. 2019. Haudenosaunee – This name refers to the Haudenosaunee Confederacy comprising these Nations: Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga,Seneca and Tuscarora. Anishinaabeg/Anishinaabek/Anishnabek/Anishnaabeg – this name covers Ojibway, Odawa, Algonquin, Potawatomi, Nipissing, Mississaugas, Saulteau, etc. – all the Algonkian/Ojibwa Nations.
  7. 1 2 "Captain John W. Meyers 1745-1821". OntarioPlaques.com. Alan L. Brown. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  8. Boyce, Gerry (2008). Belleville - A Popular History. ISBN   9781770703667 . Retrieved May 9, 2020.
  9. Sangma, Benzie. "Swing bridge changed region". The Belleville Intelligencer. Archived from the original on April 27, 2017.
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