2006 Canadian census

Last updated

2006 Canadian census

  2001 May 16, 2006 2011  

Canada Census 2006 logo.png
Statistics Canada logo.svg
General information
CountryCanada
Results
Total population31,612,897

The 2006 Canadian census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. Census day was May 16, 2006. The following census was the 2011 census. Canada's total population enumerated by the 2006 census was 31,612,897. This count was lower than the official July 1, 2006 population estimate of 32,623,490 people. [1] The previous census was the 2001 census and the following census was in 2011 census.

Contents

Summary

Over 12.7 million households, 32.5 million people were expected to be counted. Canada Post delivered census forms by mail to 70% of the country, primarily residents in urban areas. Census enumerators delivered to the remaining 30% of households. Every fifth home received the long questionnaire (53 questions versus 8 questions on the short form). For the first time, Canadian residents were able to go online to fill in their forms. Statistics Canada expected approximately 20% of households to file their surveys electronically. Persistent census staff are contacting tardy households. The total estimated cost of the 2006 census is $567 million spread over seven years, employing more than 25,000 full and part-time census workers.

New in the 2006 census questionnaire:

Questions not asked in the 2006 census:

Modified questions

Data products

As the data were compiled, Statistics Canada released various census data products. The first set of data products was released on March 13, 2007, originally scheduled for release on February 13, 2007, [2] covering population and dwelling counts by geographical unit. This was followed by other census data products. [3]

Population and dwelling counts

The first release of 2006 census data [4] was on March 13, 2007, covering population and dwelling counts by geographical unit.

Population of the provinces and territories [5]

Population and dwellings

RankProvince or territoryPopulation as of
2006 census
Population as of
2001 census
ChangePercent
change
1Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario 12,160,28211,410,046750,236 Increase2.svg6.6% Increase2.svg
2Flag of Quebec.svg  Quebec 7,546,1317,237,479308,652 Increase2.svg4.3% Increase2.svg
3Flag of British Columbia.svg  British Columbia 4,113,4873,907,738205,749 Increase2.svg5.3% Increase2.svg
4Flag of Alberta.svg  Alberta 3,290,3502,974,807315,543 Increase2.svg10.6% Increase2.svg
5Flag of Manitoba.svg  Manitoba 1,148,4011,119,58328,818 Increase2.svg2.6% Increase2.svg
6Flag of Saskatchewan.svg  Saskatchewan 985,386978,9336,453 Increase2.svg0.7% Increase2.svg
7Flag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia 913,462908,0075,455 Increase2.svg0.6% Increase2.svg
8Flag of New Brunswick.svg  New Brunswick 729,997729,498499 Increase2.svg0.1% Increase2.svg
9Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg  Newfoundland and Labrador 505,469512,930-7,461 Decrease2.svg-1.5% Decrease2.svg
10Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg  Prince Edward Island 138,581135,2943,287 Increase2.svg2.4% Increase2.svg
11Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg  Northwest Territories 41,46437,3604,104 Increase2.svg11.0% Increase2.svg
12Flag of Yukon.svg  Yukon 30,37228,6741,698 Increase2.svg5.9% Increase2.svg
13Flag of Nunavut.svg  Nunavut 29,47426,7452,729 Increase2.svg10.2% Increase2.svg
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 31,632,85630,007,0941,625,762 Increase2.svg5.4% Increase2.svg

Age and sex

The second release of 2006 census data [6] was on July 17, 2007, covering age and sex of the Canadian population. Among other findings, Statistics Canada reported that the 65-and-over population was at a record high of 13.7% of the total population of Canada. [7] By comparison, the 2001 census found that the 65-and-over population was 13.0% of the total population of Canada. [8]

Population of each province and territory by age [9] and sex [10]

Province / territory0 to 1415-6465+MalesFemales
Newfoundland and Labrador 78,230356,97570,265245,730259,740
Prince Edward Island 23,98591,68520,18565,59570,260
Nova Scotia 146,435628,815138,210439,835473,630
New Brunswick 118,255504,110107,635355,495374,500
Quebec 1,252,5105,213,3351,080,2853,687,6953,858,435
Ontario 2,210,8008,300,3001,649,1805,930,7006,229,580
Manitoba 225,175761,340161,890563,275585,125
Saskatchewan 187,695631,155149,305475,240492,915
Alberta 631,5152,305,425353,4101,646,8001,643,550
British Columbia 679,6052,834,075599,8102,013,9852,099,495
Yukon 5,72022,3652,29015,28015,090
Northwest Territories 9,92029,5701,97521,22520,240
Nunavut 10,00018,66081015,10514,365
Canada 5,579,83521,697,8054,335,25515,475,97016,136,925

Families, marital status, households and dwelling characteristics

The third release of 2006 census data [11] was on September 12, 2007 and covered families/households, [12] marital status, [13] and dwelling characteristics. [14]

The following table displays various census data (derived from the 20% sample that completed the long questionnaire) on marital status for the Canadian population aged 15 years or more, as well as data on the number of couples by various criteria, and where available the percentage change from the 2001 census:


Number
 % change
(2001–2006)
Population aged 15 years and over [15] 26,033,060+7.2
Legally married (and not separated)12,470,400+3.8
Separated, but still legally married775,425+5.7
Divorced2,087,390+12.5
Widowed1,612,815+4.6
In a common-law relationship2,731,635+19.6
In a same-sex union [16] 90,695+32.6
Same-sex couples [17] 45,350
Male same-sex married couples4,010
Female same-sex married couples3,455
Male same-sex common-law couples20,730
Female same-sex common-law couples17,155
All couples [18] 7,482,780+6.0
Married couples with children3,443,775-0.7
Married couples without children2,662,130+9.5
Common-law couples with children618,150+16.4
Common-law couples without children758,715+20.9

Immigration, citizenship, language, mobility and migration

The fourth release of 2006 census data [19] was on December 4, 2007 and covered immigration, citizenship, language, mobility, migration and other population data.

Aboriginal peoples

The fifth release of 2006 census data [20] was on January 15, 2008, covering aboriginal peoples.

Labour, place of work/commuting to work, education, language

The sixth release of 2006 census data [21] was on March 4, 2008, covering labour, [22] education [23] and some other topics going with that.

Ethnic origin, visible minorities

The seventh release of 2006 census data [24] was on April 2, 2008, covering ethnic origins and visible minorities [25] and commuting to work. [26]

Income/earnings, shelter costs

The eighth release of 2006 census data was on May 1, 2008, covering income and earnings, and shelter costs. [27]

Advertising

In contrast to 1996 focus-groups that found it important to know the legal requirement at the outset, participants of 2005 focus-groups were annoyed or provoked by draft ads reminding Canadians about the census law. As a result of the finding, Statistics Canada's initial newspaper, radio and TV ads avoided mention of the legal requirement. Instead, reference to the census law was highlighted only in ads appearing after census day, to capture late filers.

To encourage participation, Statistics Canada set aside $13 million for "saturation" advertising, including billboards, bookmarks, inserts in municipal tax bills, and ads on bags of sugar and milk cartons. [28]

Outsourcing

Statistics Canada reports less than 20% of the work will be outsourced, spending $85 million over 5 years. Despite an open public tender process, controversy arose on the announcement of a $43.3 million deal awarded to Lockheed Martin Canada—a subsidiary of Lockheed Martin, the world's largest defense contractor by defense revenue—for the purchase of scanning and printing software and hardware. [29]

Forms

A variety of forms were available in both official languages, varying in length, colour, and recipient's location. [30]

Most households (80%) received the short form (2A):

One in five received the long form (2B):

Federal and provincial employees and their families working in embassies and National Defence bases abroad (2C):

In the three northern territories and on Aboriginal communities and settlements (2D):

Census of Agriculture (6):

Controversy

Special interest groups criticised Statistics Canada over the design of questions, accuracy, and the future of the census data: [31]

Nationally, there was a yes response in respect of 55.58% of persons enumerated in the census. The yes percentage was highest in Prince Edward Island, 64.50%, and lowest in Nunavut, 51.39%. [33] Individual respondents are permitted to change their response to this question by mailing in a request-for-change form. [34]

In addition, Statistics Canada's online questionnaire had been criticized over accessibility issues: [35]

The quality of data was further hampered by individuals who advocated minimal cooperation or non-cooperation, in protest to the outsourcing contract awarded to Lockheed Martin. [37] Many people believed that Lockheed Martin would have access to their information, and that the US government could then access that information through the USA PATRIOT Act. However, despite assurances to the contrary (i.e., only Statistics Canada employees would and could handle, store, and access the information), some people refused to participate fully in the census.

The release of data was postponed to numerous issues during enumeration. [2] These included:

As a result, the first release of data from the census, originally scheduled for release on February 13, 2007, was delayed to March 13, 2007. [2]

See also

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