2016 Canadian census

Last updated

2016 Canadian census

  2011 May 10, 2016 2021  

Canada Census 2016.png

Statistics Canada's visual identifier for
its 2016 Census of Population
Statistics Canada logo.svg
General information
Total population35,151,728 (Increase2.svg 5.0%)
Most populous province or territory Ontario (13,448,494)
Least populous province or territory Yukon (35,874)

The 2016 Canadian census was an enumeration of Canadian residents, which counted a population of 35,151,728, a



Consultation with census data users, clients, stakeholders and other interested parties closed in November 2012. Qualitative content testing, which involved soliciting feedback regarding the questionnaire and tests responses to its questions, was scheduled for the fall of 2013, with more extensive testing occurring in May 2014. Statistics Canada was scheduled to submit its census content recommendations for review by the Parliament of Canada in December 2014 for subsequent final approval by the Cabinet of Canada. [6]

On November 5, 2015, during the first Liberal caucus meeting after forming a majority government, the party announced that it would reinstate the mandatory [7] long-form census, [8] starting in 2016. By early January 2016, Statistics Canada had announced a need for 35,000 people to complete this survey to commence in May. [9]

Data release schedule

The release dates for geography products from the 2016 census were: [10]

The release dates for data by release topic from the 2016 census are: [10]


Portions of Canada's three territories and remote areas within Alberta, Labrador, Manitoba, Quebec and Saskatchewan were subject to early enumeration between February 1, 2016, and March 31, 2016. [11] Enumeration of the balance of Canada began on May 2, 2016, with the unveiling of the online census questionnaire, [12] eight days prior to the official census day of May 10, 2016. [13] Because of a wildfire in early May in northeast Alberta, Statistics Canada suspended enumeration efforts in the Fort McMurray area with alternate means to collect data from its evacuated residents to be determined at a later date. [14] Shortly after re-entry, residents were encouraged to complete their census form online or over the phone; however door-to-door enumeration remained suspended. [15]

Public response

Non-binary activists expressed concern that the choice between "male" and "female" on the "sex" question left them with no valid options. [16] In response, Statistics Canada stated that "Respondents who cannot select one category ... can leave the question blank and indicate, in the Comments section at the end of the questionnaire, the reason(s) for which they've chosen to leave this question unanswered." [17] Statistics Canada stated that they intend to analyze these comments but that because of the technical difficulties of analyzing free-form text, this analysis will not be released on the same schedule as the binary gender data. [17]


In the 2016 Census of Population, Canada recorded a population of 35,151,728 living in 14,072,079 of its 15,412,443 total private dwellings, a

The majority of Canada's population in 2016 were females at

In terms of occupied private dwellings,

In regards to the journey to work data in Ottawa, there was an increase of people driving their car to work of 51.3% which has the highest mode of transportation. On the other hand, public transit decreased to 25.1% comparing to the 2011 census. The census data in 2016 shows that people have been using other modes of transportation more than other years, this includes walking and cycling.

Population and dwellings

RankProvince or territoryPopulation as of
2016 census
Population as of
2011 census
1Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario 13,448,49412,851,821596,673 Increase2.svg4.6% Increase2.svg
2Flag of Quebec.svg  Quebec 8,164,3617,903,001261,360 Increase2.svg3.3% Increase2.svg
3Flag of British Columbia.svg  British Columbia 4,648,0554,400,057247,998 Increase2.svg5.6% Increase2.svg
4Flag of Alberta.svg  Alberta 4,067,1753,645,257421,918 Increase2.svg11.6% Increase2.svg
5Flag of Manitoba.svg  Manitoba 1,278,3651,208,26870,097 Increase2.svg5.8% Increase2.svg
6Flag of Saskatchewan.svg  Saskatchewan 1,098,3521,053,96044,392 Increase2.svg4.2% Increase2.svg
7Flag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia 923,598921,7271,871 Increase2.svg0.2% Increase2.svg
8Flag of New Brunswick.svg  New Brunswick 747,101751,171−4,070 Decrease2.svg−0.5% Decrease2.svg
9Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg  Newfoundland and Labrador 519,716514,5365,180 Increase2.svg1.0% Increase2.svg
10Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg  Prince Edward Island 142,907140,2042,703 Increase2.svg1.9% Increase2.svg
11Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg  Northwest Territories 41,78641,462324 Increase2.svg0.8% Increase2.svg
12Flag of Nunavut.svg  Nunavut 35,94431,9064,038 Increase2.svg12.7% Increase2.svg
13Flag of Yukon.svg  Yukon 35,87433,8971,977 Increase2.svg5.8% Increase2.svg
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 35,151,72833,476,6881,675,040 Increase2.svg5.0% Increase2.svg

Ethnic origins

2016 census [21] Population % of total population
European origins25,111,700
Visible minority group South Asian 1,924,635
Chinese 1,577,060
Black 1,198,540
Filipino 780,125
Arab 523,235
Latin American 447,325
Southeast Asian 313,260
West Asian 264,305
Korean 188,710
Japanese 92,920
Visible minority, n.i.e.132,090
Multiple visible minorities 232,375
Total visible minority population7,674,580
Not a visible minority 26,785,480
Aboriginal group [21] First Nations 977,235
Métis 587,545
Inuit 65,030
Total Aboriginal population1,673,785
Total population34,460,065100%

See also


  1. Canada's first quinquennial census was conducted in 1956. [1]

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