Northwestern Ontario

Last updated
Northwestern Ontario
Secondary region
Map of Ontario NORTHWESTERN.svg
Country Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Province Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario
Largest city Thunder Bay
107,909 (2016)
Area
  Total526,417.35 km2 (203,250.88 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total231,691
  Density0.4/km2 (1/sq mi)
Time zones UTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)

Northwestern Ontario is a secondary region of Northern Ontario which lies north and west of Lake Superior, and west of Hudson Bay and James Bay. It includes most of subarctic Ontario. Its western boundary is the Canadian province of Manitoba, which disputed Ontario's claim to the western part of the region. Ontario's right to Northwestern Ontario was determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1884 [1] and confirmed by the Canada (Ontario Boundary) Act, 1889 of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. In 1912, the Parliament of Canada by the Ontario Boundaries Extension Act gave jurisdiction over the District of Patricia to Ontario, thereby extending the northern boundary of the province to Hudson Bay.

Contents

For some purposes, Northwestern Ontario and Northeastern Ontario are treated as separate regions, while for other purposes they are grouped together as Northern Ontario.

Geographic subdivisions

Northwestern Ontario consists of the districts of Kenora, Rainy River and Thunder Bay. Major communities in the region include Thunder Bay, Kenora, Dryden, Fort Frances, Sioux Lookout, Greenstone, Red Lake, Marathon, and Atikokan. There are also several dozen First Nations in Northwestern Ontario.

Time zones

Northwestern Ontario is divided between the Eastern Time Zone and the Central Time Zone.

Population

Kenora Quay of Kenora, Ontario (0068).jpg
Kenora
Thunder Bay 2006 08 03 Port Arthur Ontario Skyline.jpg
Thunder Bay

Northwestern Ontario is the province's most sparsely populated region — 54 per cent of the region's entire population lives in the Thunder Bay census metropolitan area alone. Aside from the city of Thunder Bay, Kenora is the only other municipality in the entire region with a population of greater than 10,000 people.

The overall population of Northwestern Ontario has been in decline over the past decade, mainly due to a downturn in the forestry sector, although some individual municipalities within the region have seen modest population growth over the period.

Population of Northwestern Ontario
District 2016 ± 2011 ± 2006 ± 2001 ± 1996
Northwestern Ontario231,6913.4%224,034-4.7%235,0460.1%234,771-3.8%244,117
Kenora District 65,53313.8%57,607-10.6%64,4194.2%61,802-2.5%63,360
Rainy River District 20,110-1.3%20,370-5.5%21,564-2.5%22,109-4.4%23,138
Thunder Bay District 146,0480.0%146,057-2.0%149,063-1.2%150,860-4.3%157,619

Politics

Northwestern Ontarians tend to lean left politically, mainly due to the history and influence of labour unions, a growing environmental ethic, and a large Indigenous population. At the federal level, Northwestern Ontario is represented by Liberal MPs Bob Nault in the Kenora District, Don Rusnak in Thunder Bay—Rainy River, and Patty Hajdu in Thunder Bay—Superior North. Provincially, PC Greg Rickford represents Kenora—Rainy River, NDP Judith Monteith-Farrell represents Thunder Bay—Atikokan, and Liberal Michael Gravelle represents Thunder Bay—Superior North.

In 2005, some residents of the region expressed dissatisfaction at the level of attention paid to the region by the provincial government. Some, most notably former Kenora mayor Dave Canfield, [2] and Fort Frances town councillor Tannis Drysdale, have proposed the idea of the region as a whole, or parts of it, seceding from Ontario to join Manitoba, although the campaign did not attract widespread public support. [3]

See also

Notes

  1. ONTARIO-MANITOBA BOUNDARY CASE "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-04. Retrieved 2013-01-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Kenora eyes joining Manitoba", cbc.ca, August 3, 2005
  3. "So, how does Kenora, Man., sound to you?", Toronto Star , April 1, 2006

Coordinates: 51°N91°W / 51°N 91°W / 51; -91

Related Research Articles

Northern Ontario Primary Region in Ontario, Canada

Northern Ontario is a primary geographic and administrative region of the Canadian province of Ontario, the other primary region being Southern Ontario. Most of the core geographic region is located on part of the Superior Geological Province of the Canadian Shield, a vast rocky plateau located mainly north of Lake Huron, the French River, Lake Nipissing, and the Mattawa River. The statistical region extends south of the Mattawa River to include all of the District of Nipissing. The southern section of this district lies on part of the Grenville Geological Province of the Shield which occupies the transitional area between Northern and Southern Ontario. The extended federal and provincial administrative regions of Northern Ontario have their own boundaries even further south in the transitional area that vary according to their respective government policies and requirements. Ontario government departments and agencies such as the Growth Plan for Northern Ontario and the Northern Ontario Heritage Fund Corporation define Northern Ontario as all areas north of, and including, the districts of Parry Sound and Nipissing for political purposes, while the federal government, but not the provincial, also includes the district of Muskoka.

Thunder Bay is a city on Lake Superior in the province of Ontario, Canada.

Kenora District District in Ontario, Canada

Kenora District is a district and census division in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. The district seat is the City of Kenora.

Thunder Bay District District in Ontario, Canada

Thunder Bay District is a district and census division in Northwestern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. The district seat is Thunder Bay.

Winnipeg River river in Canada

The Winnipeg River is a Canadian river which flows roughly northwest from Lake of the Woods in the province of Ontario to Lake Winnipeg in Manitoba. This river is 235 kilometres (146 mi) long from the Norman Dam in Kenora to its mouth at Lake Winnipeg. Its watershed is 106,500 square kilometres (41,100 sq mi) in area, mainly in Canada. About 29,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi) of the watershed is in northern Minnesota, United States.

Fort Frances Town in Ontario, Canada

Fort Frances is a town in, and the seat of, Rainy River District in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. The population as of the 2016 census was 7,739. Fort Frances is a popular fishing destination. It hosts the annual Fort Frances Canadian Bass Championship.

Thunder Bay—Rainy River federal electoral district of Canada

Thunder Bay—Rainy River is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 2004. It first elected a member in the 2004 federal election.

Fort William was a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1925 to 1979. It was located in the province of Ontario. This riding was created in 1924 from parts of Fort William and Rainy River riding.

Kenora—Rainy River was a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1925 to 2004. It was located in the province of Ontario. This riding was created in 1924 from parts of Fort William and Rainy River and Port Arthur and Kenora ridings.

Thunder Bay was a federal electoral district in the northwestern part of the province of Ontario, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1968 to 1979.

Thunder Bay—Atikokan was a federal electoral district in northwestern Ontario, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1979 to 2003 and in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1999 to 2007. The federal riding was created in 1976, from parts of Fort William and Thunder Bay ridings. It became a provincial riding in 1999.

Area code 807 is a telephone area code in the Canadian province of Ontario, encompassing the Northwestern Ontario region. The 807 Area Code was created in early 1962 when this region of Ontario split from area code 705. The main reason for the split was not the exhaustion of 705, but rather for routing efficiency for calls from Western Canada to northwestern Ontario; such routing efficiency can now be achieved using the highly-computerized digital exchanges that did not exist in the 1960s.

Ontario Highway 71 highway in Ontario

King's Highway 71, commonly referred to as Highway 71, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The 194-kilometre-long (121 mi) route begins at the Fort Frances–International Falls International Bridge in Fort Frances, continuing from US Route 53 (US 53) and US Route 71 (US 71) in Minnesota, and travels west concurrently with Highway 11 for 40 kilometres (25 mi) to Chapple. At that point, Highway 11 continues west while Highway 71 branches north and travels 154 kilometres (96 mi) to a junction with Highway 17 just east of Kenora. Highway 71 is part of the Trans-Canada Highway for its entire length, with the exception of the extremely short segment south of Highway 11 in Fort Frances.

Kenora—Rainy River (provincial electoral district) canadian provincial electoral district

Kenora—Rainy River is a provincial electoral district (riding) in northwestern Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario since 1999. It was created from Kenora, most of Rainy River and part of Lake Nipigon. The boundaries of the new district corresponded with the Kenora—Rainy River federal riding, until it was abolished in 2003. The provincial riding will continue to exist.

Geography of Ontario

Ontario is located in East/Central Canada. It is Canada's second largest province in total land area. Its physical features vary greatly from the Mixedwood Plains in the southeast to the boreal forests and tundra in the north. Ontario borders Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east, and the Great Lakes and the United States to the south. The province is named for Great Lake Ontario, an adaptation of the Iroquois word Onitariio, meaning "beautiful lake", or Kanadario, variously translated as "beautiful water". There are approximately 250,000 lakes and over 100,000 kilometres (62,000 mi) of rivers in the province.

William Durie Lyon Canadian politician

William Durie Lyon was a merchant and political figure in Ontario, Canada.

Jacques de Noyon Canadian explorer

Jacques de Noyon was a French Canadian explorer and coureur des bois. He is the first known European to visit the Boundary Waters region west of Lake Superior.

Thunder Bay—Atikokan (provincial electoral district) canadian provincial electoral district

Thunder Bay—Atikokan is a provincial electoral district in northwestern Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario since 1999.

Sarah Campbell is a politician in Ontario, Canada. She was a New Democratic member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario who represented the riding of Kenora—Rainy River from 2011 to 2018.

Don Rusnak is a Canadian politician who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for the riding of Thunder Bay—Rainy River in the House of Commons of Canada from 2015 to 2019 as a member of the Liberal Party of Canada.