Northeastern Ontario

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Northeastern Ontario
Nord-est de l'Ontario (French)
Secondary region
Map of Ontario NORTHEASTERN.svg

██ Core area ██ Extended area
Coordinates: 48°00′N81°45′W / 48.000°N 81.750°W / 48.000; -81.750 Coordinates: 48°00′N81°45′W / 48.000°N 81.750°W / 48.000; -81.750
Country Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Province Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario
  Total280,290.16 km2 (108,220.64 sq mi)
  Density1.96/km2 (5.1/sq mi)
Largest city Greater Sudbury
166,004 (2021)

Northeastern Ontario is a secondary region of Northern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario, which lies north of Lake Huron and east of Lake Superior. [1]


Northeastern Ontario consists of the districts of Algoma, Sudbury, Cochrane, Timiskaming, Nipissing and Manitoulin. For some purposes, Parry Sound District and Muskoka District Municipality are treated as part of Northeastern Ontario although they are geographically in Central Ontario. These two divisions are coloured in green on the map.

Northeastern Ontario and Northwestern Ontario may also be grouped together as Northern Ontario. An important difference between the two sub-regions is that Northeastern Ontario has a sizable Franco-Ontarian population — approximately 25 per cent of the region's population speaks French as a first language, compared with 3.2 per cent in the northwest. [2] Virtually the entire region, excepting only the Manitoulin District, is designated as a French-language service area under Ontario's French Language Services Act. In the northwest, by contrast, only a few standalone municipalities are so designated.



There are six cities in Northeastern Ontario. They are, in alphabetical order: [3]

Name of CityPopulation (2021)DistrictRef.
Elliot Lake 11,372 Algoma District
Greater Sudbury 166,004Greater Sudbury
North Bay 52,662 Nipissing District
Sault Ste. Marie 72,051Algoma District
Temiskaming Shores 9,634 Timiskaming District
Timmins 41,145 Cochrane District


Towns in Northeastern Ontario include Espanola, Blind River, Chapleau, Cochrane, Englehart, Hearst, Iroquois Falls, Kapuskasing, Kirkland Lake, Elk Lake, Coleman, Cobalt, Latchford, Temagami, Mattawa, Moosonee, French River, St. Charles, Markstay-Warren, and West Nipissing. Most but not all of these towns are smaller than the smallest cities in the region.


The region is served by several branches of the Trans-Canada Highway, including Highway 11, Highway 17, Highway 66 and Highway 69. Several other highways in the region are part of the provincial highway system, but not the national Trans-Canada Highway.

The only freeways in the region are a portion of Highway 17 in the Walden district of Greater Sudbury, and most but not all of Highway 69 between Greater Sudbury and the French River. The remainder of Highway 69 is slated for conversion into a full freeway, and will be redesignated as part of Highway 400 when the construction is complete. The provincial government also has plans on file for the eventual conversion of Highway 17 to freeway from Sault Ste. Marie easterly toward Ottawa, although no timetable for this project has been announced as of 2018 except for the conversion of Highway 17's Southwest and Southeast Bypasses route through Sudbury near the completion of the Highway 69/400 project.


Population of Northeastern Ontario
District 2021 ± 2016 ± 2011 ± 2006 ± 2001 ± 1996
Northeastern Ontario509,7710.8%505,625-0.7%508,982-0.3%510,326-3.3%512,007-5.6%542,248
Algoma District 113,777-0.3%114,094-1.5%115,870-1.4%117,461-0.9%118,567-5.5%125,455
Cochrane District 77,963-2.2%79,682-1.8%81,122-1.7%82,503 -3.2%85,247-8.6%93,240
Greater Sudbury
(including enclaved Wahnapitae First Nations reserve)
Manitoulin District 13,9355.1%13,2551.6%13,048-0.3%13,0903.2%12,6797.9%11,747
Nipissing District 84,1761.9%83,150-1.9%84,7360.1%84,688 2.1%82,910-2.3%84,832
Sudbury District 22,3683.8%21,5461.7%21,196-3.0%21,392-6.6%22,894-3.9%23,831
Timiskaming District 31,424-2.6%32,251-1.2%32,634-1.9%33,283-3.4%34,442-8.9%37,807

Provincial parks

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  1. Kerry M. Abel, Changing Places: History, Community, and Identity in Northeastern Ontario. McGill-Queen's University Press, 2006. ISBN   9780773530386.
  2. William Kaplan, Belonging: The Meaning and Future of Canadian Citizenship. McGill-Queen's University Press, 1993. ISBN   9780773509856. p. 142.
  3. "List of Ontario municipalities". Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. 2020-01-24. Retrieved 2020-09-13.