Temiskaming Shores

Last updated
Temiskaming Shores
City of Temiskaming Shores
New Liskeard aerial.JPG
Logo of Temiskaming Shores, Ontario.svg
Canada Ontario location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Temiskaming Shores
Location in Ontario
Coordinates: 47°31′N79°41′W / 47.517°N 79.683°W / 47.517; -79.683 Coordinates: 47°31′N79°41′W / 47.517°N 79.683°W / 47.517; -79.683
Country Canada
Province Ontario
District Timiskaming
EstablishedJanuary 1, 2004 [1]
Government
  MayorCarman Kidd
  Governing BodyTemiskaming Shores City Council
   MPs Anthony Rota  (LPC)
   MPPs John Vanthof,  NDP
Area
[2]
  Land178.11 km2 (68.77 sq mi)
Elevation
347.5 m (1,140.1 ft)
Population
 (2016) [2]
  Total9,920
  Density55.7/km2 (144/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code
P0J
Area code(s) 705, and 249
Website www.temiskamingshores.ca

Temiskaming Shores is a city in the Timiskaming District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. It was created by the amalgamation of the town of New Liskeard, the town of Haileybury, and the township of Dymond in 2004. The city had a total population of 9,920 in the Canada 2016 Census. [2] Temiskaming Shores is Ontario's second-smallest city, in terms of population, after Dryden. Haileybury is the seat of Timiskaming District.

Contents

Prior to the amalgamation of Temiskaming Shores, the region was commonly nicknamed The Tri-Towns, a designation that also encompassed the neighbouring town of Cobalt. Cobalt was also part of the original Temiskaming Shores amalgamation plan, but rejected the merger. The Tri-Towns designation may still be used on occasion, but has become significantly less common since the municipal amalgamation.

In the Canada 2001 Census, the last Canadian census before the amalgamated city came into effect, New Liskeard had a population of 4,906, [3] Haileybury had a population of 4,543, [4] and Dymond had a population of 1,181. [5]

Geography

Riverside Drive Temiskaming Shores 2015.JPG
Riverside Drive

Temiskaming Shores is located along the southern edge of the Clay Belt area, near the Quebec border on the shores of Lake Timiskaming's Wabi Bay. The separate township municipality of Harris separates the city from the Ontario-Quebec border. The nearest town on the Quebec side of the border is Notre-Dame-du-Nord.

The city is located within the Timiskaming Graben, a smaller branch of the Ottawa-Bonnechere Graben. A large escarpment, known as Devil's Rock, is located near Haileybury.

Communities

The city includes the communities of New Liskeard, Haileybury, Dymond, and North Cobalt.

History

The Ottawa River, which drains into and out of Lake Timiskaming, has been a well-travelled route from the earliest times, and served as the initial point of access to the Temiskaming area. Native peoples travelled this route since the earliest times. Fort Temiscamingue was established in 1695 by French explorers. In 1794 George Gladman of the Hudson's Bay Company established Abitibi House on Lake Abitibi, to the north. In 1886, Alexander H. Telfer led a survey trip up Lake Timiskaming and gave a report to the Temiskaming Settlers' Association. [6] By this time, the Quebec side of Lake Timiskaming was also being settled, and steamboats, the primary mode of transportation in the area, were ferrying new settlers into the area.

Haileybury, 1915 Haileybury, Ontario, Canada - 1915.jpg
Haileybury, 1915

Before more settlements could be established, the Quebec-Ontario boundary north of Lake Timiskaming had to be accurately surveyed. Earlier surveys by Quebec and Ontario resulted in a boundary dispute, so the Canadian government sent a survey team to resolve the issue in 1890. William Ogilvie, who had recently distinguished himself by accurately surveying the Canada - Alaska boundary, led the expedition. A benchmark near Mattawa was used to establish an accurate benchmark north of Lake Timiskaming, using astronomical methods. From the head of Lake Timiskaming, they proceeded north to James Bay, fixing accurate positions of the provincial boundary at regular intervals using geodesy data derived from star transits. Ogilvie's journal describe conditions in this area and the early settlers he met. His report on this expedition describes the details of this expedition. [7]

William Murray (1840–1906) and Irvin Heard (1871–1956) were the first European settlers in the New Liskeard area, arriving in 1891. Some years later Crown Lands Agent John Armstrong was dispatched to the area to oversee formal land settlement. The settlers founded a prosperous agricultural center, taking advantage of the rich soil in the Little Claybelt region. New Liskeard was founded soon after settlers began to arrive in Dymond, and the two towns were soon incorporated, in 1903 and 1901, respectively. John Armstrong served as New Liskeard's first mayor. His descendants still live in the area today. New Liskeard was named after Liskeard in Cornwall, England.

Old narrow gauge train at Haileybury, 1889 Old narrow gauge train at Haileybury, ON, 1889 (5324104160).jpg
Old narrow gauge train at Haileybury, 1889

Haileybury was founded in 1889 by Charles Cobbold Farr, who named the newly founded town after the Haileybury and Imperial Service College, his former school in England. Haileybury was formally incorporated as a town in 1904. Farr encouraged settlement in the area, penning his own promotional pamphlet, entitled "The Lake Temiskamingue District", in an effort to attract new settlers to the region. Marketed to settlers as prime agricultural land, Haileybury had only a handful of residents until the arrival of the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway in the early 1900s, and the subsequent discovery of large silver deposits in neighboring Cobalt in 1903. During the Cobalt Silver Rush, Haileybury became a 'bedroom community' that served the needs of the many miners and, most famously, many mine owners and managers. These mine managers and owners were responsible for the construction of the row of stately homes, nicknamed 'Millionaire's Row' that stretched along the waterfront on what is now Lakeshore Road, many of which still stand today. In 1909, the Haileybury Hockey Club played its first and only season in the NHA. The club was taken over and moved by Montreal's Club Antique-Canadien for the following season, and became the Montreal Canadiens. By 1912, Haileybury had been named the judicial seat for the Temiskaming Region, a title it retains to this day. The town of Haileybury annexed the neighbouring community of North Cobalt in 1971.

Haileybury after its destruction in the Great Fire of 1922. Haileybury 1922.jpg
Haileybury after its destruction in the Great Fire of 1922.

The region was affected by the Great Fire of 1922, considered one of the worst disasters ever to befall the area. Haileybury suffered the worst damage, and approximately ninety percent of the town was destroyed, leaving only Millionaire's Row and a few other neighborhoods intact. The mass destruction is partially attributable to strong wind on the day of the fire. Approximately 3500 people were left homeless by the fire. The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), with many retired street cars in its yards, sent many old car bodies to serve as houses during the reconstruction. Some of these cars remained for years, and one has recently been restored and is in the museum at Haileybury. [8] As well, the area was affected by the 1935 Timiskaming earthquake, which had its epicentre at Lac Kipawa in Quebec, approximately halfway between the Haileybury/New Liskeard area and North Bay.

In more recent history, Dymond still functions largely as an agricultural centre, while the commercial and industrial interests in the area have mostly shifted operations to the former town of New Liskeard. Haileybury maintains its status as a judicial seat, and is also home to the new city hall. [9] A strong link to agriculture means that Temiskaming Shores has largely avoided the boom-and-bust cycle typical of most mining- and forestry-dependent small towns in Northern Ontario. Temiskaming Shores has also become a popular retirement and recreational destination, with small retirement communities like the Bayport Village being developed in the former town of Haileybury.

A 65,000-square-foot (6,000 m2) building in Haileybury, built by area businessman Peter Grant as a combination home and office for his now-defunct company Grant Forest Products, was promoted as the largest house in Canada when Grant put it on the real estate market in 2010 for an asking price of $25 million. [10]

In 2013, Temiskaming Shores was the main filming location for the movie Skating to New York. [11]

Amalgamation issues

Initially, as none of the old municipal office buildings was large enough to accommodate the expanded municipal staff of a single city, all three remained in use to house different city departments. A new city hall, located on Farr Drive in Haileybury, was completed in 2007.

Though now established as one legal city, Temiskaming Shores is not fully integrated geographically — there exists a noticeable demarcation between New Liskeard/Dymond and Haileybury/North Cobalt. The downtown areas of New Liskeard and Haileybury are separated by 8 km-long Lakeshore Road. For most of its length, this road lacks sidewalks, which makes it quite impractical to travel through the city without using a motor vehicle. The STATO Trail, now completed, is intended to resolve this problem; the path runs along the waterfront by City Hall.

City council has yet to approach Canada Post to have Temiskaming Shores recognized as a canonical mailing address. Currently, mail is delivered to PO boxes and rural routes in the pre-amalgamation towns of New Liskeard (P0J 1P0), Haileybury (P0J 1K0), and North Cobalt (P0J 1R0).

Demographics

CensusPopulation
New Liskeard
19112,108
19212,268
19312,880
19413,019
19514,215
19614,896
19715,488
19815,551
19915,431
20014,906
Temiskaming Shores
200610,442
201110,400
20169,980
Canada census – Temiskaming Shores community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population:9,920 (-4.6% from 2011)10,400 (-0.4% from 2006)10,442 (-1.8% from 2001)
Land area:178.11 km2 (68.77 sq mi)177.91 km2 (68.69 sq mi)177.00 km2 (68.34 sq mi)
Population density:55.7/km2 (144/sq mi)58.5/km2 (152/sq mi)59.0/km2 (153/sq mi)
Median age:46.5 (M: 44.6, F: 48.2)43.6 (M: 42.4, F: 44.6)
Total private dwellings:437946214526
Median household income:$49,511
Notes: Includes corrections and updates – References: 2016 [12] 2011 [13] 2006 [14] earlier [15]

Transportation

Highway 11 and Highway 65 pass through the city. The primary arterial route through Haileybury and New Liskeard also formerly held the business route designation Highway 11B.

Temiskaming Shores and Cobalt share a small public transit system, Tri-Town Transit.

The Ontario Northland bus service makes scheduled stops in Dymond and Haileybury.

Shopping

The city is the economic and service hub to a population of approximately 32,500 from small communities in the surrounding region. Professional services and large retailers continue to open in the community to service regional customers from both Ontario and Quebec.

Timiskaming Square Temisquare.jpg
Timiskaming Square

The city's one enclosed shopping mall, Timiskaming Square, is located in the Dymond area at 883303 Highway 65 (47.51 N, 79.67 W). Owned by Plaza REIT, it opened in 1977 and has 21 stores, anchored by Food Basics. The mall has 164,142 sq. ft. (15,249 m²) of space. Its popularity in the 1980s contributed to the decline of the downtown businesses of Haileybury and to a lesser extent New Liskeard. Since then, large Walmart and Canadian Tire stores have been built nearby, resulting in a decline in mall business. As of 2021, the mall only had 6 stores and services left: Food Basics, Dollarama, Giant Tiger, Pet Valu, TD Canada Trust, and DriveTest. [16]

The supermarket in the mall had been a Loeb store until 2007, when a microburst damaged a large section of the roof and forced its temporary closure. The store was rebranded as Food Basics.

Following Zellers' acquisition of Kmart Canada in 1998, the mall's Kmart was converted to a Zellers. Timiskaming Square already had a Zellers store, resulting in the mall having two Zellers anchor stores. This unusual setup continued until 2009, when one store was closed; Hart opened a new store in the former Zellers location, which has been subsequently closed.

Many of the mall's customers are from Quebec, which is a short drive away on Highway 65.

During the Sunday shopping debate, the shopping centre was cited as one of the primary reasons the local representative voted in favour of the bill. [17]

Education

Separate schools

Public schools

Colleges

Haileybury in Temiskaming Shores is home to the Haileybury Campus of the English-language Northern College. [18] The Haileybury Campus is home to Northern College's Veterinary Technology programs, including advanced diplomas in Wildlife Rehabilitation and in Companion Animal Physical Rehabilitation that were the first of their kind in Canada. [19]

Media

Radio

Newspapers

Weekly community newspapers include The Temiskaming Speaker, [20] Le Reflet [21] and The Temiskaming Speaker Weekender [22] and the biweekly The Voice of the Shores. [23]

See also

Related Research Articles

Timiskaming District District in Ontario, Canada

Timiskaming is a district and census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. The district was created in 1912 from parts of Algoma, Nipissing, and Sudbury districts. In 1921, Cochrane District was created from parts of this district and parts of Thunder Bay District.

Cobalt, Ontario Town in Ontario, Canada

Cobalt is a town in Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada. It had a population of 1,118 at the 2016 Census.

The Nipissing Central Railway (NCR), sometimes known as the Temiskaming Streetcar Line, is a former interurban streetcar system connecting New Liskeard, Haileybury and Cobalt on the western bank of Lake Temiskaming in northern Ontario from 1910 to 1935. As the line had a federal charter, the operating company continues to be used to operate the Ontario Northland Railway freight spur line between Swastika, Ontario and Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec, avoiding the need to re-charter either end in its respective provinces.

Englehart Town in Ontario, Canada

Englehart is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, located on the Blanche River in the Timiskaming District.

Latchford, Ontario Town in Ontario, Canada

Latchford is a Single-tier municipality town in Timiskaming District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. It is located on Bay Lake on the Montreal River near the town of Cobalt and the municipality of Temagami and is 20 kilometres from the city of Temiskaming Shores. The population of the town in the Canada 2011 Census was 387, which makes it the smallest town by population in Ontario. The town's slogan is "The Best Little Town by a Dam Site!"

A merger, consolidation or amalgamation, in a political or administrative sense, is the combination of two or more political or administrative entities, such as municipalities, counties, districts, etc., into a single entity. This term is used when the process occurs within a sovereign entity.

Devils Rock

Devil's Rock is a granite escarpment located 5 kilometres (3 mi) south of Temiskaming Shores, Ontario, Canada. The cliffs rise 300 feet (91 m) above Lake Timiskaming and extend nearly as far underwater as they do above, giving Devil's Rock a cliff face roughly 600 feet (180 m) tall.

Notre-Dame-du-Nord Municipality in Quebec, Canada

Notre-Dame-du-Nord is a municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec, located in the Témiscamingue Regional County Municipality. It is located at the northern end of Lake Timiskaming where the Ottawa River enters into this lake.

Harris, Ontario Township in Ontario, Canada

Harris is a township in the Timiskaming District in the Canadian province of Ontario.

Harley, Ontario Township in Ontario, Canada

Harley is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario. Located within the Timiskaming District, Harley is located directly north of the city of Temiskaming Shores.

Hudson, Ontario Township in Ontario, Canada

Hudson is a township municipality incorporating the congruent geographic township in Timiskaming District in northeastern Ontario, Canada. Hudson is located directly west of the city of Temiskaming Shores and has only one named settlement, the community of Hillview.

Chamberlain, Ontario Township in Ontario, Canada

Chamberlain is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario, located within the Timiskaming District.

Charlton and Dack Municipality in Ontario, Canada

Charlton and Dack is a municipality in the Canadian province of Ontario, located within the Timiskaming District. Its population in 2016 was 686.

Highway 11B is the designation for ten business routes of Highway 11 in the Canadian province of Ontario. All but one was the original route of Highway 11 through the town or city that it served, and was subsequently given the 11B designation when a newer bypass route was constructed to reduce traffic pressure on the urban street network. Seven of the nine sections of Highway 11B have now been decommissioned by the Ministry of Transportation, with the exception of the Atikokan route and the southernmost section of the former Tri-Town route between Cobalt and Highway 11.

The Timiskaming Professional Hockey League (TPHL) was a minor professional ice hockey league based in the area of Lake Timiskaming, Canada. Founded in 1906, the league is notable for providing teams and Ambrose O'Brien, a founder of the National Hockey Association and the founding owner of the Montreal Canadiens.

Tomstown, Ontario

Tomstown is an unincorporated community in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in the unincorporated township of Ingram within the Unorganized, West Part division of Timiskaming District.

The Cobalt silver rush started in 1903 when huge veins of silver were discovered by workers on the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway (T&NO) near the Mile 103 post. By 1905 a full-scale silver rush was underway, and the town of Cobalt, Ontario sprang up to serve as its hub. By 1908 Cobalt produced 9% of the world's silver, and in 1911 produced 31,507,791 ounces of silver. However, the good ore ran out fairly rapidly, and most of the mines were closed by the 1930s. There were several small revivals over the years, notably in World War II and again in the 1950s, but both petered out and today there is no active mining in the area. In total, the Cobalt area mines produced 460 million ounces of silver.

Great Fire of 1922

The Great Fire of 1922 was a wildfire burning through the Lesser Clay Belt in the Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada, from October 4 to 5, 1922. It has been called one of the ten worst natural disasters in Canadian history.

Fourbass Lake (Ontario)

Fourbass Lake is a lake in Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of Temagami.

Moore Creek is a short creek in the St. Lawrence River drainage basin in Temiskaming Shores, Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada, between the communities of New Liskeard and Haileybury.

References

  1. "Municipal Restructuring Activity Summary Table". Queen's Printer for Ontario . Retrieved 2011-08-15.
  2. 1 2 3 "2016 Community Profiles: Timiskaming Shores". Statistics Canada.
  3. Statistics Canada 2001 Community Profiles: New Liskeard
  4. Statistics Canada 2001 Community Profiles: Haileybury
  5. Statistics Canada 2001 Community Profiles: Dymond
  6. "A. H. Telfer, Worth Travelling Miles to See: Diary of a Survey Trip to Lake Temiskaming 1886".
  7. "Report of exploratory survey to Hudson's Bay, William Ogilvie 1891"
  8. Canadian Rail, No 479, November-December 2000.
  9. Bray, Matt. "Haileybury". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  10. "Canada's largest home hits the market". The Globe and Mail , April 12, 2010.
  11. Hollywood Reporter: Skating to New York, accessed February 2020.
  12. "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census . Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017.
  13. "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census . Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
  14. "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census . Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
  15. "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census . Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  16. "Timiskaming Plaza – Plaza Reit".
  17. "Official Records for June 15, 1993". ontla.on.ca. Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 1993-06-15. Retrieved 2008-03-23.
  18. https://www.northernc.on.ca/haileybury-campus/
  19. https://www.northernc.on.ca/veterinary-sciences/
  20. The Temiskaming Speaker
  21. Le Reflet
  22. The Temiskaming Speaker weekender
  23. The Voice of the Shores