James, Ontario

Last updated
James
Township of James
Elk Lake ON.JPG
Canada Ontario location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
James
Coordinates: 47°42′38″N80°20′22″W / 47.71056°N 80.33944°W / 47.71056; -80.33944 [1] Coordinates: 47°42′38″N80°20′22″W / 47.71056°N 80.33944°W / 47.71056; -80.33944 [1]
Country Canada
Province Ontario
District Timiskaming
Incorporated1909 (1909)
Government
  ReeveTerry Fiset
  Federal riding Timmins—James Bay
  Prov. riding Timiskaming—Cochrane
Area
[2]
  Total86.36 km2 (33.34 sq mi)
Population
 (2016) [2]
  Total420
  Density4.9/km2 (13/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code
P0J 1G0
Area code(s) 705, 249
Website www.elklake.ca

James is an incorporated township in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in Timiskaming District. [1] [3] The primary community within the township is Elk Lake, which is located at the junction of Ontario Highway 65 and Ontario Highway 560. [4]

Contents

The township had a population of 420 in the Canada 2016 Census, [2] compared to 424 in 2011. [5]

Elk Lake Airport and Elk Lake Water Aerodrome are located here.

History

Elk Lake, c. 1910 Elk Lake, Ontario (c. 1910).jpg
Elk Lake, c. 1910
Liquor raid in Elk Lake, 1925 Raid at elk lake.jpg
Liquor raid in Elk Lake, 1925

Elk Lake began as a mining boom town when native silver was discovered in James Township in 1906. Mining activity peaked between 1907 and 1913, when there were about thirty active mining properties in the area. The population at one point reached almost 10,000 people. By 1908 the town included six large hotels, many stores, warehouses, banks, lawyer's offices, a post office, a hospital and a Mining Recorder's Office. The town of Elk Lake was incorporated in 1909 as the Corporation of the Township of James. The Township's first Reeve was the famous athlete and prospector Jack Munroe.

Access to Elk Lake was initially only by motorboat via the Montreal River. By 1909 the road from Elk Lake to Charlton could be traversed by coach, although commercial steamers on the Montreal River continued to provide summer access from Latchford for most heavy equipment and freight. The steamboat era on the Montreal River lasted only a few years, ending when a branch of the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway (now Ontario Northland Railway) was built into Elk Lake in 1913.

Commercial logging in the Temiskaming area dates back to the 1840s. In 1905, the Montreal River Pulp Concession, an area of 17,000 square miles (44,000 km2), was sold to J.R. Booth. From 1907 to 1923, Booth maintained a large pulpwood depot in Elk Lake. In the spring of 1930, Booth completed the last log drive on the Montreal River shortly after he sold his local interest to the E.B. Eddy Company.

The Indian Chute Generating Station was constructed on the Montreal River in 1923, 16 km (9.9 mi) north-west of Elk Lake. [6]

Today, Elk Lake's economy continues to be driven by a sustainable forest industry. The town also boasts a significant number of tourist camps and lodges offering excellent packages for the outdoor sports and nature enthusiasts. [7]

The 1,420-hectare (3,500-acre) Makobe-Grays River Provincial Park has protected the Makobe River since 1985. [8] [9] This popular whitewater canoeing route flows into the Montreal River at Elk Lake.

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, James had a population of 348 living in 181 of its 224 total private dwellings, a change of

James, Ontario
Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1991 524    
1996 483−7.8%
2001 467−3.3%
2006 414−11.3%
2011 424+2.4%
2016 420−0.9%
[11] [5] [2]

Mother tongue (2016): [2]

Canadian songwriter Hayden Desser recorded an album entitled Elk-Lake Serenade .

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "James". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada . Retrieved 2017-01-03.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "Census Profile, 2016 Census: James, Township". Statistics Canada. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  3. "James" (PDF). Geology Ontario - Historic Claim Maps. Ontario Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-01-04. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
  4. "Elk Lake". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada . Retrieved 2017-01-03.
  5. 1 2 2011 Census Profile
  6. "Indian Chute Generating Station". Ontario Power Generation.
  7. History of Elk Lake
  8. "Makobe-Grays River Provincial Park". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada . Retrieved 2017-01-03.
  9. "Makobe-Grays River". Ontario Parks . Retrieved 2017-01-03.
  10. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), Ontario". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  11. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

Other map sources: