Englehart

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Englehart
Town of Englehart
Englehart Ontario.JPG
Main street in Englehart. The ONR train station is visible at the end of the street.
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Englehart
Coordinates: 47°49′N79°52′W / 47.817°N 79.867°W / 47.817; -79.867 Coordinates: 47°49′N79°52′W / 47.817°N 79.867°W / 47.817; -79.867
Country Canada
Province Ontario
District Timiskaming District
Government
  MayorNina Wallace
Area
  Land3.02 km2 (1.17 sq mi)
Population
 (2016) [1]
  Total1,479
  Density489.7/km2 (1,268/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s) 705
Website www.englehart.ca OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Englehart (Canada 2016 Census population 1,479) [1] is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, located on the Blanche River in the Timiskaming District.

Contents

Kap-Kig-Iwan Provincial Park is located near the town of Englehart.

History

OSB plant in Englehart Englehart ON 2.JPG
OSB plant in Englehart

The Town of Englehart was created by the building of the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario (T & NO) Railway and named after Chairman Jacob Lewis Englehart. It was incorporated as the Town of Englehart in January 1908, as a half-way divisional point between North Bay, Ontario and what became Cochrane, Ontario, where the T & NO Railway met with the new Transcontinental Railway line (now the CNR) being built west from Quebec City across the north to the Western Provinces, creating the town of Cochrane. [2]

In 1905, Jacob Lewis Englehart, from Ohio, became a key figure in the development of the railway north of North Bay in Ontario. [3] A successful businessman from Petrolia, Ontario, nearing the current age of retirement, he was appointed in 1905, by the Premier of Ontario, to the Ontario Commission in charge of building and operating the T & NO, which would, about 1945, become the Ontario Northland Railway. He served as Chairman of a new 3-man Commission from 1906 until the fall of 1919, when he retired after the United Farmers of Ontario won their first and only four-year term in the Province of Ontario. He died at York, now Toronto, in 1921 and was buried at Petrolia.[ citation needed ]

The new community of Englehart began to take shape with the construction of the line's first major bridge at the Charlton branch of Blanche River (Initially, there was a construction site for a high level trestle known as Blanche River Crossing, which opened in 1906. The Commission decided to develop a planned town on the west side of the river, from 1906-1908, as a half-way divisional point on the railway.[ citation needed ]

The railway was particularly central to the settlement and development of New Ontario (now N.E. Ont.); that is, until the first gravel road,(the Ferguson Highway, now part of Highway 11) was opened in 1927 north from North Bay to New Liskeard in the Temiskaming District, with future extensions north and west as the initial Trans-Canada Highway route.[ citation needed ]

The T & NO was eventually extended north to Moosonee on James Bay in the depression years of the 1930s. Today, Englehart's importance as a railway town has diminished, and the biggest employer is an oriented strand board (OSB) facility built by Grants Forest Products, which was sold to Georgia-Pacific in early 2010 as a result of the recession of 2008.[ citation needed ]

Demographics

Canada census – Englehart community profile
2016 2011
Population:1,479 (-2.6% from 2011)1,519 (1.7% from 2006)
Land area:3.02 km2 (1.17 sq mi)3.04 km2 (1.17 sq mi)
Population density:489.7/km2 (1,268/sq mi)499.9/km2 (1,295/sq mi)
Median age:48.1 (M: 45.9, F: 49.8)49.4 (M: 46.2, F: 52.0)
Total private dwellings:711727
Median household income:$56,768
References: 2016 [4] 2011 [5] earlier [6]
Historical census populations – Englehart
YearPop.±%
1986 1,740    
1991 1,726−0.8%
1996 1,703−1.3%
2001 1,595−6.3%
YearPop.±%
2006 1,494−6.3%
2011 1,519+1.7%
2016 1,479−2.6%
Source: Statistics Canada

Media

CJBB-FM broadcasts a country music radio format on from Englehart on 103.1 FM.

Transportation

The Englehart railway station was served by the Northlander until the passenger service was ended in September 2012. Rail passenger service was replaced by increased bus service, also provided by Ontario Northland Railway. Englehart is located on Ontario Highway 11, part of the Trans-Canada Highway system.

On March 31, 2007, an Ontario Northland Railway freight train derailed about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Englehart, spilling an estimated 100 tonnes of sulfuric acid into a creek feeding the Blanche River. [7] [8]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Ontario Northland Railway Railway in Northern Ontario, Canada

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Englehart River

The Englehart River is a river in Timiskaming District in northeastern Ontario, Canada. It is in the Saint Lawrence River drainage basin and is a right tributary of the Blanche River.

Blanche River (Lake Timiskaming)

The Blanche River is a river in the Saint Lawrence River drainage basin in Timiskaming District in northeastern Ontario, Canada. The river is a tributary of Lake Timiskaming and its name is from the French for the colour "white".

Jacob Lewis Englehart Canadian business magnate, entrepreneur (1847–1921)

Jacob Lewis Englehart was a Canadian business magnate, entrepreneur and philanthropist. Englehart is best known for his role in the formation of Imperial Oil in 1880 to combat the growing influence of John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil. Englehart was one of the most successful oil refiners in Canada during the 1800's and oversaw the completion of the Temiskaming and North Ontario Railway.

References

  1. 1 2 "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Englehart". Statistics Canada. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  2. "Founding of Englehart". Ontario Heritage Trust. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  3. "Englehart". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
  4. "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census . Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2021-01-04.
  5. "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census . Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2021-01-04.
  6. "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census . Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  7. "Derailed train spills acid into Ontario river". cbc.ca. 2007-03-31. Retrieved 2007-04-02.
  8. "Ontario rail line shut down after derailment spill". cbc.ca. 2007-04-02. Retrieved 2007-04-02.