1928 Winter Olympics

Last updated
II Olympic Winter Games
1928 Winter Olympics poster.jpg
Hugo Laubi's poster for the 1928 Winter Olympics
Host city St. Moritz, Switzerland
Nations25
Athletes464 (438 men, 26 women)
Events14 in 4 sports (8 disciplines)
Opening11 February
Closing19 February
Opened by
Stadium St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink
Winter
Summer

The 1928 Winter Olympics, officially known as the II Olympic Winter Games (French : Les IIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver; German : Olympische Winterspiele 1928; Italian : II Giochi olimpici invernali; Romansh : Gieus olimpics d'enviern 1928), was an international winter multi-sport event that was celebrated from 11 to 19 February 1928 in St. Moritz, Switzerland.

Contents

The 1928 Games were the first true Winter Olympics to be held as a stand-alone event, not in conjunction with a Summer Olympics . The preceding 1924 Winter Games were retroactively renamed the inaugural Winter Olympics, although they had in fact been organised alongside the 1924 Summer Olympics in France. Before 1924, the winter events were included in the schedule of the Summer Games and there were no separate Winter Games. The 1928 Winter Games also replaced the now redundant Nordic Games, which had been held at varying intervals since early in the 20th century.

The hosts were challenged by fluctuating weather conditions; the opening ceremony was held in a blizzard, while warm weather conditions plagued sporting events throughout the rest of the Games. [1] The 10,000 metre speed-skating event was controversially abandoned and officially cancelled. [2]

Highlights

Events

Medals were awarded in 14 events contested in 4 sports (8 disciplines).

Demonstration sports

Venues

Participating nations

Athletes from 25 nations competed at these Games, up from 16 in 1924. Nations making their first appearance at the Winter Olympic Games were Argentina (first participation of a delegation coming from a country belonging to the Southern Hemisphere), Estonia, Germany, Japan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, and Romania.

Participating National Olympic Committees

Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees

Medal count

  *   Host nation (Switzerland)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 64515
2US flag 48 stars.svg  United States 2226
3Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 2215
4Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 2114
5Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada 1001
Flag of France.svg  France 1001
7Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 0314
8Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 0011
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia 0011
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany 0011
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 0011
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland*0011
Totals (12 nations)14121541

Podium sweeps

DateSportEventNOCGoldSilverBronze
14 February Cross-country skiing Men's 50 kilometre Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Per-Erik Hedlund Gustaf Jonsson Volger Andersson
17 February Cross-country skiing Men's 18 kilometre Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Johan Grøttumsbråten Ole Hegge Reidar Ødegaard
18 February Nordic combined Individual Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Johan Grøttumsbråten Hans Vinjarengen Jon Snersrud

See also

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Speed skating at the 1928 Winter Olympics Speed skating at the Olympics

At the 1928 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz, four speed skating events were scheduled, all for men, but medals were only awarded for three events, because the 10.000 m event was not completed. The Allround event, which was only organized in 1924, was removed from the program. The competitions were held on Monday, 13 February 1928 and on Tuesday, 14 February 1928.

The men's ski jumping at the 1928 Winter Olympics took place at the 70-meter (230 ft) Olympiaschanze in St. Moritz, Switzerland, on 18 February. Thirty-eight competitors from thirteen nations competed, with the event being won by Norway's Alf Andersen ahead of countryman Sigmund Ruud and Czechoslovakia's Rudolf Burkert.

United States at the 1928 Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

The United States competed at the 1928 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz, Switzerland.

Poland at the Olympics Sporting event delegation

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For the 1928 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz, Switzerland, a total of five sports venues were used. The main stadium hosted the figure skating, ice hockey, and speed skating events. Skeleton was first held at the Cresta Run. Bobsleigh was held at the bob run. St. Moritz itself served as cross-country skiing venue and the cross-country part of the Nordic combined event. Weather gave two events run at these games problems, creating the largest margin of victory in Olympic history for one and the cancellation of the other.

2024 Winter Youth Olympics 2024 edition of the Winter Youth Olympics

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References

  1. Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 290. ISBN   0-313-32278-3.
  2. "1928 Sankt Moritz Winter Games". Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2009.
  3. "St. Moritz 1928". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
  4. The Big Book of Jewish Sports Heroes: An Illustrated Compendium of Sports History and The 150 Greatest Jewish Sports Stars. 2007. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
  5. The International Jewish Sports Hall ... September 15, 1906. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
External video
Nuvola apps kaboodle.svg The St. Moritz 1948 Official Olympic Film on YouTube
Preceded by
Chamonix
Winter Olympics
St. Moritz

II Olympic Winter Games (1928)
Succeeded by
Lake Placid