Olympic Stadium

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Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the main stadium of an Olympic Games. An Olympic stadium is the site of the opening and closing ceremonies. Many, though not all, of these venues actually contain the words Olympic Stadium as part of their names, such as stadiums in Amsterdam, Berlin, Helsinki and Paris. Olympic Stadium may also be named a multi-purpose stadium which hosts Olympic sports. [1]

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In the case of the Summer Olympic Games, athletics competitions and the football final are traditionally held in the Olympic Stadium. Exceptions to this have occurred though at the 1900, 1996 and 2016 Summer Olympics as well as at the 2010 and 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games.

Early Winter Olympic Games often used figure skating venues as focal points. These were often designated as the Olympic Stadium, usually hosting the opening and closing ceremonies.

A number of stadiums have been used in more than one Olympics, in those cities that have held the Games more than once.

Lysgårdsbakken was the main stadium of a Winter Olympics and a Winter Youth Olympic Games (YOG). Bergiselschanze was the main stadium of two Winter Olympics and one Winter YOG. Olympiahalle jointly shared the Olympic Stadium role with Bergiselschanze during the two Winter Olympics, but not during the Winter YOG. Only one stadium, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, has been the main stadium of two Summer Olympics (and it will be a main stadium a third time during the 2028 games). In addition to the inaugural Summer Olympics, Panathinaiko Stadio was also the main stadium of the only Intercalated Games held. In 2022 Beijing National Stadium will join these in being the main stadium at two Olympics, but with a special distinction: it will become the only stadium to have been such at both a Summer and a Winter Olympics.

A number, including both the Panathinaiko Stadio and the Vélodrome de Vincennes, have hosted events at subsequent Olympics. The London Games of 2012 were not opened and closed at the rebuilt Wembley Stadium, the site of the 1948 Olympic Stadium, but instead at a new stadium in Stratford. Wembley was, however, the venue for some 2012 Olympic football matches. Likewise, the Melbourne Cricket Ground, which was the centrepiece stadium for the 1956 games, later hosted the first games of the Sydney 2000 football tournament. Lake Placid's 1930 Olympic Stadium was utilized in the 1980 Lake Placid games as the speed skating venue. Olympiahalle hosted figure skating and short-track speed skating during the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics. Stockholm Olympic Stadium hosted equestrian events for the 1956 Summer Olympics (while the 1956 games were held in Melbourne, Australia, quarantine restrictions prevented equestrian events from being held domestically, thus Stockholm, Sweden hosted the 1956 equestrian competitions).

Stadia

ImageOlympicsSeasonStadiumNative nameCityCountryNew/oldCapacityExisting?
Kallimarmaron stadium.JPG 1896 Summer Panathenaic Stadium Παναθηναϊκό στάδιο Athens Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg  Greece Existing80,000Yes
Btv1b8433332t-p014 (cropped)1A Square.jpg 1900 Summer Vincennes Velodrome (ceremony) Vélodrome de Vincennes ParisFlag of France.svg FranceExisting50,000Yes
Croix-Catelan Stadium (athletics) Stade Croix-Catelan ExistingNo
Francis Field 1904.jpg 1904 Summer Francis Field St. Louis Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg United StatesNew19,000Yes
1906 Athens stadium.jpg 1906 Intercalated Summer Panathenaic Stadium Παναθηναϊκό στάδιο Athens Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg  Greece Existing80,000Yes
White City Stadium 1908.jpg 1908 Summer White City Stadium LondonFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomNew68,000No
Olympic opening ceremony 1912.jpg 1912 Summer Olympic Stadium Stockholms Olympiastadion Stockholm Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden New20,000Yes
Olympisch Stadion Antwerp 1.jpg 1920 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympisch Stadion Antwerp Flag of Belgium (civil).svg BelgiumNew12,771Yes
Hockey chamonix 1924.jpg 1924 Winter Olympic Stadium Stade Olympique de Chamonix Chamonix Flag of France.svg FranceNew45,000Yes
Stade Yves du Manoir Colombes7.jpg 1924 Summer Olympic Stadium Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir ParisFlag of France.svg FranceExisting45,000Yes
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-12670, St. Moritz, Eishockeyspiel.jpg 1928 Winter St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink Badrutts Park St. Moritz Flag of Switzerland.svg  SwitzerlandNew4,000Yes
Olympic Stadium Amsterdam 1928.jpg 1928 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympisch Stadion Amsterdam Flag of the Netherlands.svg NetherlandsExisting, renovated31,600Yes
Lake Placid 1980, ice rink.jpg 1932 Winter Lake Placid Speedskating Oval Lake Placid Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United StatesNew7,500Yes
LA Memorial Coliseum aerial view, August 2017.jpg 1932 Summer Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United StatesExisting, expanded101,574Yes
Bundesarchiv R 8076 Bild-0020, Olympische Winterspiele.- Eroffnung.jpg 1936 Winter Große Olympiaschanze Garmisch-Partenkirchen Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg GermanyExisting40,000Yes
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R82532, Berlin, Olympia-Stadion (Luftaufnahme).jpg 1936 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympiastadion BerlinFlag of Germany (1935-1945).svg GermanyNew110,000Yes
Eisstadion Badrutts Park.JPG 1948 Winter St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink Badrutts Park St. Moritz Flag of Switzerland.svg  SwitzerlandExisting4,000Yes
Old Wembley Stadium (external view).jpg 1948 Summer Wembley Stadium LondonFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomExisting82,000No (replaced)
Bislett stadion1.jpg 1952 Winter Bislett Stadium Bislett stadion Oslo Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Existing20,000No (replaced)
2005 World Championships in Athletics 1.jpg 1952 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympiastadion Helsinki Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Existing70,000Yes
Cortina 1971 2.jpg 1956 Winter Stadio Olimpico Del Ghiaccio Cortina d'Ampezzo Flag of Italy.svg ItalyExisting, renovated12,000Yes
MCG stadium.jpg 1956 Summer Melbourne Cricket Ground Melbourne Flag of Australia (converted).svg AustraliaExisting115,000Yes
Squaw-Valley-Blyth-Arena-1960.jpg 1960 Winter Blyth Arena Squaw Valley Flag of the United States (1959-1960).svg United StatesNew8,500No
Squaw-Valley-Speed-Skating-Venue-1960.jpg Squaw Valley Olympic Skating Rink TemporaryNo
Rome Olympics 1960 - Opening Day.jpg 1960 Summer Stadio Olimpico RomeFlag of Italy.svg ItalyExisting90,000Yes
Sprungschanze am Bergisel 05.jpg 1964 Winter Bergiselschanze (opening ceremony) Innsbruck Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Existing26,000Yes
Olympiahalle Innsbruck.jpg Olympiahalle (closing ceremony)New10,836Yes
KokuritshuKasumigaoka-6.JPG 1964 Summer National Stadium 国立競技場 TokyoFlag of Japan.svg JapanExisting71,556No (replaced)
Stade olympique - Grenoble 1968.jpg 1968 Winter Olympic Stadium (opening ceremony) Stade olympique Grenoble Flag of France.svg FranceTemporary60,000No
Allee parc Paul-Mistral - Grenoble.JPG Le Stade de Glace (closing ceremony)New12,000Yes
Estadio Olimpico Universitario CU.jpg 1968 Summer Estadio Olímpico Universitario Mexico City Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Existing83,700Yes
Makomanai Open Stadium.jpg 1972 Winter Makomanai Open Stadium (opening ceremony) 真駒内屋外競技場 Sapporo Flag of Japan.svg JapanNew30,000Yes
Makomanai Ice Arena.jpg Makomanai Ice Arena (closing ceremony) 真駒内屋内競技場 New11,500Yes
Olympiastadion Muenchen.jpg 1972 Summer Olympiastadion Munich Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany New80,000Yes
Gleich geht es abwarts... (5898737523).jpg 1976 Winter Bergiselschanze (opening ceremony) Innsbruck Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Existing26,000Yes
Innsbruck - Olympische Halle.jpg Olympiahalle (closing ceremony)Existing10,836Yes
Le Stade Olympique 3.jpg 1976 Summer Olympic Stadium Stade olympique Montreal Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg CanadaNew70,000Yes
Ceremony 1980 Winter Games.jpg 1980 Winter Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium (opening ceremony) Lake Placid Flag of the United States.svg United StatesTemporary stadium at existing equestrian grounds30,000No
HerbBrooksArena.jpg Olympic Center Arena (closing ceremony)New10,000Yes
Flickr - BBM Explorer - Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow.jpg 1980 Summer Grand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium Большая спортивная арена центрального стадиона имени Ленина MoscowFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Existing, renovated103,000Yes
Asim Ferhatovic Hase.jpg 1984 Winter Olympic Stadium (opening ceremony) Olimpijski stadion Sarajevo Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia Existing50,000Yes
View of Kosevo and Zetra.jpg Zetra Olympic Hall (closing ceremony) Olimpijska dvorana Zetra New12,000Yes
LA Memorial Coliseum aerial view, August 2017.jpg 1984 Summer Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los AngelesFlag of the United States.svg United StatesExisting92,516Yes
McMahon Stadium 6.jpg 1988 Winter McMahon Stadium Calgary Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg CanadaExisting, renovated38,205Yes
Seoul.Olympic.Stadium.01 copy.jpg 1988 Summer Seoul Olympic Stadium 서울올림픽주경기장 Seoul Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Existing100,000Yes
1992 Winter Olympics Albertville opening ceremony.JPG 1992 Winter Theatre of Ceremonies Théâtre des Cérémonies Albertville Flag of France.svg FranceTemporary35,000No
Estadi Companys.JPG 1992 Summer Olympic Stadium Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc
Estadio Olímpico de Montjuïc
Barcelona Flag of Spain.svg SpainExisting60,000Yes
Lysgard.JPG 1994 Winter Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanlegg Lillehammer Flag of Norway.svg  Norway New35,000Yes
JO Atlanta 1996 - Stade.jpg 1996 Summer Centennial Olympic Stadium Atlanta Flag of the United States.svg United StatesNew85,000Yes (downsized as Center Parc Stadium)
Nagano Olympic Stadium.jpg 1998 Winter Nagano Olympic Stadium 長野オリンピックスタジアム Nagano Flag of Japan.svg JapanNew30,000Yes
Australia Stadium..jpg 2000 Summer Stadium Australia Sydney Flag of Australia (converted).svg AustraliaNew114,714Yes
RSL at Rice-Eccles.jpg 2002 Winter Rice-Eccles Olympic Stadium Salt Lake City Flag of the United States.svg United StatesExisting, replacement45,017Yes
Olympic stadium,Athens 18.JPG 2004 Summer Olympic Stadium Ολυμπιακό Κεντρικό Στάδιο Αθήνας "Σπύρος Λούης" Athens Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Existing, renovated72,000Yes
Stadio Olimpico Torino Italy.jpg 2006 Winter Stadio Olimpico di Torino Turin Flag of Italy.svg ItalyExisting28,000Yes
Beijing national stadium.jpg 2008 Summer Beijing National Stadium 国家体育场 Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ChinaNew91,000Yes
BC Place Opening Day 2011-09-30.jpg 2010 Winter BC Place Stadium Vancouver Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg CanadaExisting, renovated54,500Yes
Ndp-2007.JPG 2010 Youth Summer The Float@Marina Bay Pentas Terapung Teluk Marina
滨海湾浮动舞台
மரீனா பே மிதக்கும் மேடை (Tamil)
Marina Bay Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Existing30,000Yes
Sprungschanze am Bergisel 02.jpg 2012 Youth Winter Bergiselschanze Innsbruck Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Existing26,000Yes
London 2012 Olympic Stadium (13 July 2012).jpg 2012 Summer Olympic Stadium LondonFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomNew80,000Yes
Stadion Fisht.JPG 2014 Winter Fisht Olympic Stadium Олимпийский стадион Sochi Flag of Russia.svg RussiaNew40,000Yes
Nanjing Olympic Sports Center main gym.jpg 2014 Youth Summer Olympic Stadium 南京奥林匹克体育中心 Nanjing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ChinaExisting61,443Yes
Lillehammer Ski Jump.jpg 2016 Youth Winter Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena (opening ceremony) Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanlegg Lillehammer Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Existing35,000Yes
Hakons hall.JPG Håkons Hall (closing ceremony)Existing11,500Yes
Maracana 2014 e.jpg 2016 Summer Maracanã Stadium (opening and closing ceremony, football) Estádio do Maracanã Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Existing74,738Yes
Rio2016 Gerais 030 8069 -c-2016 GabrielHeusi HeusiAction.jpg João Havelange Olympic Stadium (athletics and football) Estádio Olímpico João Havelange Existing, expanded60,000 [2] Yes
Vice President Pence's Trip to Asia (40142115232).jpg 2018 Winter Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium 평창 올림픽 스타디움 Pyeongchang Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Temporary35,000No
9 de julio - panoramio.jpg 2018 Youth Summer Obelisco de Buenos Aires (opening ceremony) Obelisco de Buenos Aires Buenos Aires Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Existing, temporaryN/AYes
OHBA17 - Torre Espacial (08).jpg Buenos Aires Youth Olympic Village (closing ceremony) [3] Existing, expanded15,500Yes
2020 Youth Winter Vaudoise Arena Vaudoise Aréna Lausanne Flag of Switzerland.svg  SwitzerlandNew9,600Yes
New national stadium tokyo 1.jpg 2020 Summer Japan National Stadium 国立競技場 (tentative name)TokyoFlag of Japan.svg JapanExisting, replacement68,000Yes
Birds Nest Cropped.jpg 2022 Winter Beijing National Stadium 国家体育场 Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ChinaExisting80,000Yes
World championships in athletics 2003 Paris Saint-Denis stadium.jpg 2024 Summer Stade de France ParisFlag of France.svg FranceExisting78,338Yes
2024 Youth Winter Alpensia Ski Jumping Stadium (Opening ceremony)SCJ 올림픽 스타디움 Gangwon Flag of South Korea.svg South KoreaExisting,

replacement

8,500Yes
SCJ Olympic stadium (closing ceremony) Gangwon Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea
Stadio Meazza.jpg 2026 Winter San Siro (opening ceremony)MilanFlag of Italy.svg ItalyExisting80,000Yes
Arena Anfiteatro.XE3F1912a.jpg Verona Arena (closing ceremony) Verona Existing15,000Yes
LA Memorial Coliseum aerial view, August 2017.jpg 2028 Summer Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (cultural opening and formal closing ceremony, athletics)Los AngelesFlag of the United States.svg United StatesExisting, renovated70,516Yes
Sofistadium July 2020 (horizontal crop).jpg SoFi Stadium [] (formal opening and cultural closing ceremony, possible exhibition sports and football) Inglewood, California Existing, newly built100,000Yes

^  †: Under present IOC policy, non-sponsoring corporate naming rights are disallowed on venues during the duration of the Games. [4]

Other major events held at Olympic Stadiums

VenueCityEvents
Olympic Stadium Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam 1962 European Cup Final, 1977 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, 1981 UEFA Cup Final, 1987 Individual Speedway World Championship Finals, 1992 UEFA Cup Final, 2016 European Athletics Championships
Panathenaic Stadium Flag of Greece.svg Athens 1967–68 FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup, 2011 Special Olympics World Summer Games
Olympiako Stadio Athinas 'Spyros Louis' Flag of Greece.svg Athens 1983, 1994 and 2007 UEFA Champions League Finals, 1991 Mediterranean Games 1997 World Championships in Athletics, 2005 and 2006 WRC Acropolis Rally SuperSpecial Stage, 2006 IAAF World Cup
Centennial Olympic Stadium Flag of the United States.svg Atlanta 1999 World Series, 2000 MLB All-Star Game (as Turner Field)
Olympic Stadium Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona 1989 IAAF World Cup, 2003 World Police and Fire Games 2010 European Athletics Championships
Beijing National Stadium Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Beijing 2009 Race of Champions, 2015 World Championships in Athletics, 2017 League of Legends World Championship
Olympic Stadium Flag of Germany.svg Berlin 1974 FIFA World Cup, 1994 IPC Athletics World Championships, annual IAAF Golden League (1998–2009), 2006 FIFA World Cup, 2009 World Championships in Athletics, 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, 2015 UEFA Champions League Final, 2018 European Athletics Championships, annual DFB-Pokal final
McMahon Stadium Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg CalgaryFive Grey Cups, 1972 and 1978 CFL All-Star Games, 1997 World Police and Fire Games
Olympic Stadium Flag of Finland.svg Helsinki 1957 Bandy World Championship, 1983 and 2005 World Championships in Athletics, 1971, 1994, and 2012 European Athletics Championships, UEFA Women's Euro 2009,2022 UEFA Super Cup.
Bergisel Ski Jump Flag of Austria.svg Innsbruck 1968 and 2005 Winter Universiades, 1933, 1985, and 2019 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, annual FIS Ski Jumping World Cup
Olympic Stadium Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London 2015 Race of Champions, 2015 Rugby World Cup, 2017 World Para Athletics Championships, 2017 World Championships in Athletics, 2018 Athletics World Cup, 2019 Cricket World Cup, 2021 Rugby League World Cup
Wembley Stadium Flag of the United Kingdom.svg LondonOriginal stadium: 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, and 1992 European Cup Finals, 1966 FIFA World Cup, 1989-1992 Rugby League World Cup, WWF SummerSlam 1992, 1995 Rugby League World Cup, UEFA Euro 1996, annual FA Cup final, EFL Cup final, and FA Community Shield
Current stadium: 2007 and 2008 Race of Champions, 2011 and 2013 UEFA Champions League Finals, 2013 Rugby League World Cup, 2015 Rugby World Cup, UEFA Euro 2020, 2021 Rugby League World Cup, annual FA Cup final, NFL International Series, EFL Cup final, and FA Community Shield
White City Stadium Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London 1934 British Empire Games, 1966 FIFA World Cup
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Flag of the United States.svg Los Angeles 1959 World Series, second 1959 MLB All-Star Game, Super Bowl I (1967), Super Bowl VII (1973), 23 Pro Bowls, 1982 Individual Speedway World Championship, 2015 Special Olympics World Summer Games
Melbourne Cricket Ground Flag of Australia (converted).svg Melbourne 1992 and 2015 Cricket World Cup Finals, 2006 Commonwealth Games, annual AFL Grand Final
Estadio Olímpico Universitario Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico City 1955 Pan American Games, 1986 FIFA World Cup
San Siro Flag of Italy.svg Milan 1934 FIFA World Cup, 1990 FIFA World Cup
Olympic Stadium Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Montreal 1979 IAAF World Cup, 1982 MLB All-Star Game, six Grey Cups, 2014 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup
Luzhniki Stadium Flag of Russia.svg Moscow 1973 Summer Universiade, 1999 UEFA Cup Final, 2008 UEFA Champions League Final, 2013 World Championships in Athletics, 2018 FIFA World Cup
Olympic Stadium Flag of Germany.svg Munich 1974 FIFA World Cup, 1979 European Cup Final, UEFA Euro 1988, 1993 and 1997 UEFA Champions League Finals, 1989 Individual Speedway World Championship, 2002 European Athletics Championships, 2012 UEFA Women's Champions League Final
Bislett Stadium Flag of Norway.svg Oslo 1946 European Athletics Championships, annual IAAF Golden League (1998–2009), annual Diamond League
Lysgårdsbakken Flag of Norway.svg Lillehammerannual FIS Ski Jumping World Cup and FIS Nordic Combined World Cup
Vélodrome de Vincennes Flag of France.svg Paris 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, and 1974 Tour de France closing stages
Stade Olympique de Colombes Flag of France.svg Paris 1938 FIFA World Cup
Stade de France Flag of France.svg Paris 1998 FIFA World Cup, 1999 Rugby World Cup, annual IAAF Golden League (1999–2009), 2000 UEFA Champions League Final, 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup Final, 2003 IAAF World Championships in Athletics Final, 2006 UEFA Champions League Final, 2007 Rugby World Cup Final, UEFA Euro 2016, annual Coupe de France final, annual Top 14 final, annual Diamond League
Estádio do Maracanã Flag of Brazil.svg Rio de Janeiro 1950 FIFA World Cup, 2000 FIFA Club World Championship, 2007 Pan American Games, 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2014 FIFA World Cup, 2019 Copa América
Estádio Olímpico Nilton Santos Flag of Brazil.svg Rio de Janeiro 2011 Military World Games,2007 Pan American Games
Stadio Olimpico Flag of Italy.svg Rome UEFA Euro 1968, 1980 and 2020, 1974 European Athletics Championships, 1975 Summer Universiade, 1977 and 1984 European Cup Finals, 1981 IAAF World Cup, 1987 World Championships in Athletics, 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1996 and 2009 UEFA Champions League Finals, annual IAAF Golden League (1998–2009), annual Diamond League
Makomanai Open Stadium Flag of Japan.svg Sapporo 1991 Winter Universiade
Olympic Stadium Flag of South Korea.svg Seoul 1986 Asian Games, 2013 EAFF East Asian Cup finals
Fisht Olympic Stadium Flag of Russia.svg Sochi 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2018 FIFA World Cup
Stockholm Olympic Stadium Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm 1958 European Athletics Championships, 1999 World Police and Fire Games, 2001, 2002 and 2004 Speedway Grand Prix of Sweden, annual Diamond League
Stadium Australia Flag of Australia (converted).svg Sydney 2003 Rugby World Cup, 2015 AFC Asian Cup, annual NRL Grand Final
National Stadium Flag of Japan.svg TokyoOriginal stadium: 1958 Asian Games, 1967 Summer Universiade, 1991 World Championships in Athletics, Intercontinental Cup, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008 FIFA Club World Cups, 2012 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, annual Emperor's Cup final
Current stadium: annual Emperor's Cup final
Stadio Olimpico di Torino Flag of Italy.svg Turin 1934 European Athletics Championships, 1934 FIFA World Cup, 1959 and 1970 Summer Universiades
BC Place Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg VancouverNine Grey Cups, 1983 CFL All-Star Game, 1989 World Police and Fire Games, 1990 Gay Games, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup

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References

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