2007 Pan American Games

Last updated

XV Pan American Games
2007 Pan American Games logo.svg
Host city Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
MottoLive this energy!
Portuguese: Viva essa energia!
Nations42
Athletes5,633
Events334 in 34 sports
Opening July 13
Closing July 29
Opened by
Stadium Maracanã Stadium
2003 Santo Domingo 2011 Guadalajara

The 2007 Pan American Games, officially known as the XV Pan American Games, were a major continental multi-sport event that took place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from July 13 to 29, 2007. A total of 5,633 athletes from 42 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) competed in 332 events in 34 sports and in 47 disciplines. During the Games, 95 new Pan American records were set; 2,196 medals were awarded; 1,262 doping control tests were performed and about 15,000 volunteers participated in the organization of the event, which was an Olympic qualification for 13 International Federations (IFs).

Contents

Rio de Janeiro was awarded the Games over San Antonio, Texas, United States, on August 24, 2002, having won an absolute majority of votes (30–21) from the 51 members of the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) in the first round of voting during the XL PASO General Assembly held in Mexico City, Mexico. This was the first Games held in Brazil since the 1963 Pan American Games that took place in São Paulo. According to the Rio de Janeiro Organizing Committee, the Games called for the implementation of the country's largest organizational and logistic operation ever.

Bidding process

Carlos Arthur Nuzman, chairman of the Rio de Janeiro bid for the 2007 Pan American Games. Carlos Arthur Nuzman 2007.jpg
Carlos Arthur Nuzman, chairman of the Rio de Janeiro bid for the 2007 Pan American Games.

The official bid was submitted in August 2001 during the XXXIX Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) General Assembly held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. In April 2002, following delivery of Federal, State and City Government and BOC letters confirming country, state, city and Brazilian sport compliance with the applicable Games regulations, PASO announced the approval of Rio de Janeiro’s bid. The Bidding Committee then submitted a detailed bid file for the Games. The document was prepared and developed with the assistance of Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV), which had been commissioned by Rio de Janeiro's City Government. In the running to host the 2007 Pan American Games, Rio de Janeiro faced off with the city of San Antonio, United States; which previously beat Houston, Miami, and Raleigh to become the American candidate.

According to PASO statute and regulations, the host city was selected by direct voting during the XL PASO General Assembly held in Mexico City, Mexico, on August 24, 2002. The candidate city that received the simple majority of votes from representatives of the 42 member National Olympic Committees (NOCs) would be awarded the right to host the competition. The announcement was made by PASO President Mario Vázquez Raña. Rio de Janeiro received 30 votes against 21 from San Antonio. Marked by a professional strategy that included the showing of city and project videos, Rio de Janeiro's campaign convinced the majority of voters, accounting for a total 51 votes. The 39-member Brazilian delegation erupted into boisterous celebration celebrating the country's highest achievement in terms of sporting event organization.

XL General Assembly
Pan American Sports Organization

August 24, 2002, in Mexico City, Mexico.
CityNationRound 1
Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 30
San Antonio Flag of the United States.svg  United States 21

Medal count

  *   Host nation (Brazil)

RankNOCGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)978852237
2Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)593541135
3Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)*524065157
4Flag of Canada.svg  Canada  (CAN)394455138
5Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)18243173
6Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia  (COL)14201347
7Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela  (VEN)12233570
8Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)11163360
9Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic  (DOM)661729
10Flag of Chile.svg  Chile  (CHI)65920
11–32 Remaining 193160110
Totals (32 NOCs)3333324111076

Mascot

Caue 2007 Pan American Games mascot.svg
Cauê

The organization of the Rio 2007 Games has chosen the figure of the Sun to represent the event. And, in a decision never taken before, it has defined it as the single mascot of the Pan American and Parapan American Games, such as the Brazilian expression, that the "Sol Brilha para Todos" (The sun shines for everyone), reinforcing thus the principles against prejudice and that, like the sun, sport is for all.

The character reflects the main characteristics of the host city and harmonizes with the graphic work developed for the logo and the visual identity of both Games. The name was chosen through popular voting by Internet, cellular phone messages and public ballot boxes placed around the main Brazilian cities, causing great commotion. Over 1.2 million people participated in the election, and the name Cauê received almost half of the votes.

Traditionally used in large sport events, the mascot figure serves the purpose of cheering the event, enforcing the playful aspect of sports and captivating spectators and athletes. The mascot's main choice is to transmit messages of peace, respect to the environment, friendship and brotherhood, which are intrinsic values to the Olympic Movement. [1]

Torch relay

A ceremony is held at the Teotihuacan pyramids to light the torch. Pan Flame Rio 2007.jpg
A ceremony is held at the Teotihuacan pyramids to light the torch.

The 2007 Pan American Games torch relay was a 39-day torch run, from June 5 to July 13, 2007, held prior to the games. On June 4, the torch was lit at the torch lighting ceremony in Teotihuacán, Mexico. The flame was then taken by a Brazilian Air Force craft to Santa Cruz Cabrália, Bahia, Brazil, where the torch relay began. [2] [3]

Opening ceremony

The Opening ceremony. Fireworks forming the number 15, of fifteen editions of the games in Roman numerals. Abertura Jogos Panamericanos 2 13072007.jpg
The Opening ceremony. Fireworks forming the number 15, of fifteen editions of the games in Roman numerals.

The Opening Ceremony of the XV Pan American Games took place on July 13, 2007. Approximately 90,000 people packed Rio de Janeiro's Maracanã Stadium for the occasion. The ceremony included a cast of 7,000 and a multimillion-dollar budget, being produced by Scott Givens. Over 800 people were part of the creative and production teams working on the Opening Ceremony, Team Welcome Ceremonies, Sports Production, the presentation of 2,252 medals, Sports Production, the Closing Ceremony and ParaPan ceremonies.

The show began at 05:30 pm (local time, UTC-3) and lasted for two and a half hours. The theme of the show was based on the theme of the Rio 2007 Games: Viva Essa Energia (Share the Energy) and the oath of the athletes was performed by Brazilian Taekwondo athlete Natália Falavigna. [4] Also, a very abbreviated version of the Olympic Anthem was played.

Contrary to plan, the games were not opened by Brazil's head of state, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, but by the head of the Brazilian Olympic Committee, Carlos Nuzman. Prior to the official opening, Lula had been constantly booed whenever the in-stadium camera showed his image or when his name was mentioned. [5]

Venues

The competitions were carried through in a ray of 25 km, spread for four polar regions in the city. [6]

Main construction work of the 2007 Pan American Games, the João Havelange Olympic Stadium hosted the athletics and football competitions. The stadium is one of the major Games' legacies to the city of Rio de Janeiro, which can since then count on a modern stadium with full capacity to be used for sports and cultural events. [7] The City of Sports Complex counts on modern constructions such as the Rio Olympic Arena, where the Games' basketball and artistic gymnastics competitions were held; the Maria Lenk Aquatic Park, venue for the swimming, synchronized swimming and diving competitions; and the Barra Velodrome, where the cycling (track) and speed skating events took place. [8] Riocentro Convention Center is the largest expositions and fairs center of Latin America, for the 2007 Games, the complex held temporary facilities for staging several sport disciplines, including in the Parapan American Games. [9] The Miécimo da Silva Sports Complex is the largest sports complex that is owned by a City Government (City Hall) in Brazil. Several large sports events took place at this venue, such as the basketball exhibition game between the teams of American Magic Johnson and Brazilian Oscar Schmidt, in addition to several matches of the Brazilian Futsal team. [10] The Deodoro Military Club is a traditional Brazilian Army sport facility in Rio de Janeiro, will host the Rio 2007 Games equestrian, field hockey, modern pentathlon, sport shooting and archery competitions. [11]

The Maracanã Stadium was built for the 1950 FIFA World Cup, the Mario Filho Stadium (internationally known as Maracanã) is one of the most famous stadiums in the world, receiving a great number of Brazilian and foreign tourists annually. The stadium staged the Opening and Closing Ceremonies and football matches, including the finals. The Maracanãzinho Gymnasium is the house of the Rio 2007 volleyball competitions. The Julio Delamare Water Park is the stage for the water polo tournament in the Games. The Maracanã Sports Complex also includes the Celio de Barros Athletics Stadium, and it is administered by the Rio de Janeiro State Government. [12]

Also known as Aterro do Flamengo, the Flamengo Park is the largest leisure area of the city. Besides Marina da Glória, the main venue for the Rio 2007 sailing competitions. During the Games, the marathon (men’s and women’s) arrival points set up at the Flamengo Park, which will also stage the race walking and cycling road competitions. [13]

Sports

For the 2007 Games Futsal was added to the program for the first (and as of 2011 only time) while racquetball and basque pelota were dropped. [14]

Participating nations

Participating countries. 2007 Pan American Games - participating nations.svg
Participating countries.
NationAthletesAppearances
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda  (ANT)97
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)44114
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba  (ARU)255
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas  (BAH)8614
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados  (BAR)6514
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize  (BIZ)710
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda  (BER)1911
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia  (BOL)4314
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)65914
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands  (IVB)106
Flag of Canada.svg  Canada  (CAN)49514
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands  (CAY)127
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile  (CHI)22914
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia  (COL)30714
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica  (CRC)5114
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)47014
Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica  (DMA)133
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic  (DOM)17114
Flag of Ecuador (1900-2009).svg  Ecuador  (ECU)15014
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador  (ESA)8613
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada  (GRN)155
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala  (GUA)16414
Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana  (GUY)1414
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti  (HAI)3811
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras  (HON)608
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)14714
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)40014
Flag of the Netherlands Antilles (1986-2010).svg  Netherlands Antilles  (AHO)5213
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua  (NCA)5511
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama  (PAN)7014
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay  (PAR)7114
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru  (PER)9314
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico  (PUR)20914
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis  (SKN)293
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia  (LCA)143
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  (VIN)144
Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname  (SUR)1810
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago  (TRI)7514
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)59514
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  Virgin Islands  (ISV)505
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay  (URU)17310
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela  (VEN)38214

Broadcasting

Calendar

OCOpening ceremonyEvent competitions1Event finalsCCClosing ceremony
July12
Thu
13
Fri
14
Sat
15
Sun
16
Mon
17
Tue
18
Wed
19
Thu
20
Fri
21
Sat
22
Sun
23
Mon
24
Tue
25
Wed
26
Thu
27
Fri
28
Sat
29
Sun
Events
Flag of PASO.svg CeremoniesOCCC
Archery pictogram.svg Archery 1124
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 35691013147
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 235
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball 11
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 112
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling 224
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 5611
Canoeing pictogram.svg Canoeing 6612
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling 24154218
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 22228
Equestrian Vaulting pictogram.svg Equestrian 211116
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 1111112210
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 112
Football pictogram.svg Football
(men's women's)
112
Futsal pictogram.svg Futsal 11
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics 211102824
Handball pictogram.svg Handball 112
Judo pictogram.svg Judo 244414
Karate pictogram.svg Karate 3339
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon 112
Inline speed skating pictogram.svg Roller skating 246
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 54413
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing 99
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 3 3313215
Softball pictogram.svg Softball 12
Squash pictogram.svg Squash 224
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 247464734
Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Synchronized swimming 112
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 11114
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo 22228
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis 224
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon 22
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball 224
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 112
Water skiing pictogram.svg Water skiing 347
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 3333315
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 4344318
Total Events121813292426121621920231437573334
July12
Thu
13
Fri
14
Sat
15
Sun
16
Mon
17
Tue
18
Wed
19
Thu
20
Fri
21
Sat
22
Sun
23
Mon
24
Tue
25
Wed
26
Thu
27
Fri
28
Sat
29
Sun
Events

See also

Related Research Articles

Clube de Regatas do Flamengo Brazilian sports club based in Rio de Janeiro

Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, commonly referred to as Flamengo, is a Brazilian sports club based in Rio de Janeiro, in the neighbourhood of Gávea, best known for their professional football team.

Pan American Games Multi-sport event of the Americas

The Pan American Games is a major sporting event in the Americas featuring summer sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions. The competition is held among athletes from nations of the Americas, every four years in the year before the Summer Olympic Games. The only Winter Pan American Games were held in 1990. In 2021, there will be a Junior Pan American Games for young athletes. The Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) is the governing body of the Pan American Games movement, whose structure and actions are defined by the Olympic Charter.

Maracanã Stadium Stadium in Rio de Janeiro

Maracanã, officially named Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho, is a stadium in Rio de Janeiro. The stadium is part of a complex that includes an arena known by the name of Maracanãzinho, which means "The Little Maracanã" in Portuguese. Owned by the Rio de Janeiro state government, it is, as is the Maracanã neighborhood where it is located, named after the Rio Maracanã, a now canalized river in Rio de Janeiro.

2016 Summer Olympics Games of the XXXI Olympiad, held in Rio de Janeiro in 2016

The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and commonly known as Rio 2016, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 5 to 21 August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 3 August. Rio was announced as the host city at the 121st IOC Session in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 2 October 2009.

Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon Lagoon Rodrigo de Freitas in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon is a lagoon in the district of Lagoa in the Zona Sul area of Rio de Janeiro. The lagoon is connected to the Atlantic Ocean, allowing sea water to enter by a canal along the edge of a park locally known as Jardim de Alah.

2011 Pan American Games 16th edition of the Pan American Games

The 2011 Pan American Games, officially the XVI Pan American Games, was an international multi-sport event that was held from October 14–30, 2011, in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. Some events were held in the nearby cities of Ciudad Guzmán, Puerto Vallarta, Lagos de Moreno and Tapalpa. It was the largest multi-sport event of 2011, with approximately 6,000 athletes from 42 nations participating in 36 sports. Both the Pan American and Parapan American Games were organized by the Guadalajara 2011 Organizing Committee (COPAG). The 2011 Pan American Games were the third Pan American Games hosted by Mexico and the first held in the state of Jalisco. Previously, Mexico hosted the 1955 Pan American Games and the 1975 Pan American Games, both in Mexico City. The 2011 Parapan American Games were held 20 days after the Pan American Games have ended.

Estádio Olímpico Nilton Santos multi-use stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the home field of the football club Botafogo

The Estádio Olímpico Nilton Santos, formerly the Estádio Olímpico João Havelange, is a multi-purpose stadium located in the neighbourhood of Engenho de Dentro in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is used mostly for football matches and athletics and is the home stadium of the football club Botafogo. The stadium was built by a consortium under the leadership of Odebrecht S.A., from 2003 through to 2007, opening in time for the 2007 Pan American Games. It hosted the athletics competitions at the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics.

Jeunesse Arena Indoor multi-purpose arena in Brazil

Jeunesse Arena is an indoor multi-purpose arena, located in the region of Barra da Tijuca, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is named for the American cosmetics company Jeunesse Global through a naming rights deal closed in 2017. Before, the sponsor name was HSBC Arena. The arena was completed in July 2007 and was first known as Arena Olímpica do Rio(Rio Olympic Arena), which it was known as during the 2016 Summer Olympics. From December 2007 to March 2008, it was known as RioArena. The arena has a capacity of 15,430 people for sports and up to 18,768 for concerts.

2016 Summer Paralympics fifteenth Summer Paralympic Games

The 2016 Summer Paralympics, the 15th Summer Paralympic Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 7 to 18 September 2016. The Games marked the first time a Latin American and South American city hosted the event, the second Southern Hemisphere city and nation, the first one being the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney, and also the first time a Lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) country hosted the event. These Games saw the introduction of two new sports to the Paralympic program: canoeing and the paratriathlon.

2007 Pan American Games opening ceremony

The Opening Ceremony of the XV Pan American Games took place on 13 July 2007. Considered an audition for the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympics, the Opening Ceremony was praised by the media for its creativity and Olympic-style production value. The Los Angeles Times reported:

Brazil's 2nd largest city still must overcome doubts about crime and traffic, among other things, if it hopes to make good on its quixotic bid to play host to the 2016 Olympic Games. But Rio sure has the opening ceremony down pat. On Friday the city inaugurated the 15th Pan American Games with a lavish and creative 3½ -hour show that featured a symphony orchestra, three 100-foot-long coral snakes, Miss Brazil, an alligator the size of a 747, fireworks, a 1,500-piece percussion band and thousands of dancers dressed as everything from ocean waves to water lilies.

2007 Pan American Games medal table

The 2007 Pan American Games, officially known as the XV Pan American Games, were a continental multi-sport event held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from July 13 to July 29, 2007. At the Games, 5,633 athletes selected from 42 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in 332 events in 34 sports divided into 47 disciplines. According to the Rio de Janeiro Organizing Committee for the Pan American Games, 2,196 medals were awarded for every winning athlete, including individuals from teams, during 334 awards ceremonies.

Taekwondo at the 2007 Pan American Games was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from July 14 to July 17, 2007, at Pavilhão 4A of the Riocentro Sports Complex. There were a total number of eight medal events, four each for men and women.

Rio de Janeiro bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics

The Rio de Janeiro bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics was a successful bid to host the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and the XV Paralympic Games, respectively. It was submitted on September 7, 2007, and recognized as an Applicant city by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) one week after. On June 4, 2008, the IOC Executive Board shortlisted Rio de Janeiro with three of the six other Applicant cities—Chicago, Madrid and Tokyo; over Baku, Doha and Prague—becoming a Candidate city during the 2008 SportAccord Convention in Athens, Greece.

Paraguay at the 2007 Pan American Games

The 15th Pan American Games were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from 13 to 29 July 2007.

Flamengo Basketball Flamengo Clube de Regatas, basketball team

The Flamengo Basketball team is a professional Brazilian basketball team based in Rio de Janeiro. It is a part of the Clube de Regatas do Flamengo multi-sports club family. The club's full name is Basquetebol do Clube de Regatas do Flamengo. The club's commonly used short names are C.R.F. Basquete, C.R. Flamengo Basquete, Flamengo Basquete, and FlaBasquete.

Rio de Janeiro bid for the 2007 Pan American Games

The Rio de Janeiro bid for the 2007 Pan American Games was a successful campaign, first recognised by the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) in August 2001. Rio de Janeiro began working on the idea of staging the 2007 Pan American Games during the 1999 Pan American Games held in Winnipeg, Canada. There was a strong desire among sportspersons and officials at that time to work so that the best of national sport could be showcased at home, in a large event using state-of-the-art fields-of-play. Based on this strategic vision, the Brazilian Olympic Committee (BOC) General Assembly decided in December 1999 that Brazil would not bid to host the 2008 Summer Olympics and would instead focus its efforts on the bid for the 2007 Pan American Games. The important results obtained by the Brazilian delegation at the Winnipeg Games and the wide publicity for the event in Brazil encouraged sports authorities to definitely support the Rio de Janeiro bid to host the 2007 Pan American Games.

Venues of the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics Wikimedia list article

The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially known as the "Games of the XXXI Olympiad", was an international multi-sport event held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from August 5 to August 21, 2016.

Argentina at the 2016 Summer Paralympics

Argentina competed at the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 7 to 18 September 2016. Wheelchair tennis player Gustavo Fernandez has been chosen to carry the nation's flag at the opening ceremony.

2016 Summer Paralympics torch relay

The 2016 Summer Paralympics Torch Relay was a 7-day event leading up to the 2016 Summer Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. It began on September 1, 2016, in Brasilia and concluded at the Games' opening ceremony on September 7. The Paralympic torch relay began with five individual flames being relayed to a city in each of the five regions of Brazil. These flames, as well as a sixth flame lit in Stoke Mandeville, Great Britain, were united to form a single Paralympic flame, which was relayed through Rio on 6 and 7 September 2016 en route to its lighting at the Maracanã during the opening ceremony.

2007 Parapan American Games The third edition of the Parapan American Games

The 2007 Parapan American Games, officially the III Parapan American Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities, celebrated in the tradition of the Parapan American Games as governed by the Americas Paralympic Committee, held from August 12 to 19, 2007 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Organized by the Rio de Janeiro Organizing Committee (CO-Rio) and the Brazilian Paralympic Committee (BPC), it marked the first time that the Parapan American Games were staged in the same city and followed directly after the Pan American Games.

References

  1. "Mascot of the Games". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on August 11, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  2. "From the Abode of the Gods to the landmark of the Discovery of Brazil". Rio 2007. Archived from the original on August 26, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  3. "Pan American Games Flame is Burning". Around the Rings. June 4, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2009.
  4. "Cerimônia de abertura para ficar na história". Gazeta Esportiva. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 18, 2007.
  5. "Pan American Games open with extravaganza in Rio". Star Publications. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
  6. "Venues". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on July 15, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  7. "João Havelange Stadium". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on August 21, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  8. "City of Sports Complex". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on August 11, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  9. "Riocentro Complex (IBC/MPC)". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on August 20, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  10. "Miécimo da Silva Complex". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on August 21, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  11. "Deodoro Military Club". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on August 20, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  12. "Maracanã Stadium". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on August 18, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  13. "Flamengo Park". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on August 11, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  14. "Futsal, karate and bowling among sports included in 2007 Pan Am Games in Rio - AP Worldstream - HighBeam Research". May 2, 2013. Archived from the original on May 2, 2013.
Preceded by
Santo Domingo
XV Pan American Games
Rio de Janeiro

(2007)
Succeeded by
Guadalajara