1983 Pan American Games

Last updated
IX Pan American Games
1983 Pan American Games logo.svg
Host city Caracas, Venezuela
Nations36
Athletes3,426
Events269 in 23 sports
OpeningAugust 14
ClosingAugust 29
Opened by
Stadium Estadio Olímpico
1979 San Juan 1987 Indianapolis

The 1983 Pan American Games were held in Caracas, Venezuela from August 14 to August 29, 1983. The games were the first major international competition to include relatively accurate steroid testing. [1] After 15 athletes, mostly weightlifters, tested positive, many others including 12 American track and field athletes [2] came down with injuries, got sick, or found other reasons to withdraw from competition and avoid the test. [1]

Pan American Games Multi-sport event of the Americas

The Pan American Games is a major sporting event in the Americas featuring summer sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions. The competition is held among athletes from nations of the Americas, every four years in the year before the Summer Olympic Games. The only Winter Pan American Games were held in 1990. In 2021, there will be a Junior Pan American Games for young athletes. The Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) is the governing body of the Pan American Games movement, whose structure and actions are defined by the Olympic Charter.

Caracas Capital City in Capital District, Venezuela

Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and largest city of Venezuela, and centre of the Greater Caracas Area. Caracas is located along the Guaire River in the northern part of the country, following the contours of the narrow Caracas Valley on the Venezuelan coastal mountain range. Terrain suitable for building lies between 760 and 1,140 m above sea level, although there is some settlement above this range. The valley is close to the Caribbean Sea, separated from the coast by a steep 2,200-metre-high (7,200 ft) mountain range, Cerro El Ávila; to the south there are more hills and mountains. The Metropolitan Region of Caracas has an estimated population of 2.923.201.

Venezuela Republic in northern South America

Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and a large number of small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea. It has a territorial extension of 916,445 km2. The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana. The Venezuelan government maintains a claim against Guyana to Guayana Esequiba, an area of 159,542 km2. For its maritime areas, Venezuela exercises sovereignty over 71,295 km2 of territorial waters, 22,224 km2 in its contiguous zone, 471,507 km2 of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean under the concept of exclusive economic zone, and 99,889 km2 of continental shelf. This marine area borders those of 13 states. The capital and largest urban agglomeration is the city of Caracas. The country has extremely high biodiversity and is ranked seventh in the world's list of nations with the most number of species. There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.

Contents

Host city selection

Four cities submitted bids to host the 1983 Pan American Games that were recognized by the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO); however, only one city, Hamilton, Ontario submitted their bid on time. On April 23, 1977, Caracas, Venezuela was selected over Hamilton, Canada in a two-city vote to host the IX Pan American Games by the PASO at its general assembly in San Juan, Puerto Rico. [3] [4]

Hamilton, Ontario City in Ontario, Canada

Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario. An industrialized city in the Golden Horseshoe at the west end of Lake Ontario, Hamilton has a population of 536,917, and its metropolitan area, which includes Burlington and Grimsby, has a population of 747,545. The city is about 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Toronto, with which the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA) is formed.

San Juan, Puerto Rico Capital and municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.)

San Juan is the capital and most populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States. As of the 2010 census, it is the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States, with a population of 395,326. San Juan was founded by Spanish colonists in 1521, who called it Ciudad de Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico's capital is the third oldest European-established capital city in the Americas, after Santo Domingo, in the Dominican Republic, founded in 1496 and Panama City, in Panama, founded in 1519. Several historical buildings are located in San Juan; among the most notable are the city's former defensive forts, Fort San Felipe del Morro and Fort San Cristóbal, and La Fortaleza, the oldest executive mansion in continuous use in the Americas.

Medal count

1Host nation

To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the Sort both.gif icon next to the column title.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) a 137/14892/10156/53285/302
2Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB) a 79/78/8053/51/4943/45175/174
3Flag of Canada.svg  Canada  (CAN) a 18/2244/4247/55109/119
4Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil  (BRA)14202357
5Flag of Venezuela (1954-2006).png  Venezuela  (VEN)1 a 12/1426/2535/3773/76

Sports

Archery at the 1983 Pan American Games was held in August 1993. The events took place at a temporary site in Caracas, Venezuela. Just like in the Olympics, the archery competition will be held using the recurve bow.

Athletics at the 1983 Pan American Games

The Athletics Competition at the 1983 Pan American Games was held at the Estadio Olímpico in Caracas, Venezuela, between 23 and 28 August.

Doping

Doping positives
AthleteNationSportProhibited substanceNote
Daniel Núñez Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba WeightliftingAnabolic steroid [5]
Alberto Blanco Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba WeightliftingAnabolic steroid [5]
Jeff Michaels Flag of the United States.svg  United States WeightliftingAnabolic steroid [5]
Guy Greavette Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada WeightliftingAnabolic steroid [5]
Jacques Oligier Flag of Chile.svg  Chile WeightliftingAnabolic steroid [5]
Michael Vian Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada WeightliftingAnabolic steroid [5]
Enrique Montiel Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua WeightliftingAnabolic steroid [5]
José Adarmes Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela WeightliftingAnabolic steroid [5]
Mario Durruty Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba FencingAnabolic steroid [5]
Juan Núñez Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic Athletics Fencamfamine [5] [6] [7]
Francisco López Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina WeightliftingAnabolic steroid [5]
Caballero Dolcey Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia WeightliftingAnabolic steroid [5]
Fernando Vera Flag of Chile.svg  Chile CyclingAnabolic steroid [5] [8] [9]
Lázaro Beltrán Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba VolleyballEphedrine [5]
Juan De la Cruz Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic AthleticsAnabolic steroid [5]
José Lozada Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico WeightliftingAnabolic steroid [5]

Mascot

The 1983 Games' mascot was a lion holding a 1983 sign named Santiaguito. [10]

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Bids for the 1979 Pan American Games

Two cities submitted bids to host the 1979 Pan American Games that were recognized by the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO). However, Bolivia dropped out of the race, leaving San Juan as the only candidate city. On May 31, 1973, San Juan was selected to host the VIII Pan American Games by PASO at its general assembly in Santiago, Chile.

Bids for the 1983 Pan American Games

Four cities submitted bids to host the 1983 Pan American Games that were recognized by the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO); however, only one city, Hamilton, Ontario submitted their bid on time. On April 23, 1977, Caracas, Venezuela was selected over Hamilton, Canada in a two-city vote to host the IX Pan American Games by the PASO at its general assembly in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

References

  1. 1 2 Taylor, William N., Anabolic Steroids and the Athlete, Second Edition, 2002, McFarland & Company, p. 150.
  2. "Canadian women shine in softball win," Toronto Star , August 25, 1983, p. E4.
  3. "Caracas hará Panamericanos" [Caracas has Pan American]. El Tiempo (in Spanish). San Juan, Puerto Rico. AFP. 23 April 1977. p. 2-B. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  4. "Caracas shaky as Games' site". Winnipeg Free Press. Hamilton, Canada. CP. 26 April 1977. p. 48. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Ernesto Rodrigues III: IGUALITO QUE CARACAS 1983 Archived 2015-07-27 at the Wayback Machine , olimpicosargentinos.com.ar, 26 July 2015
  6. Games spoiled by controversy, The Cavalier Daily, 30 August 1983
  7. Brigitte Berendonk: Doping-Dokumente. Von der Forschung zum Betrug. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1991, ISBN   3-540-53742-2
  8. Caracas Crackdown On Drugs Continue, The Palm Beach Post, 26 August 1983
  9. Frank Litsky: Chilean Cyclist Is Disqualified, NY Times, 26 August 1983
  10. "IX Pan American Games - Caracas (Venezuela) 1983". Quadro de Medalhas. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
Preceded by
San Juan
IX Pan American Games
Caracas

(1983)
Succeeded by
Indianapolis