Agence France-Presse

Last updated

Agence France-Presse
Industry News media
Founded1835;184 years ago (1835)
(as Agence Havas)
Headquarters Paris, France
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Fabrice Fries
(President and CEO)
Products Wire service
Number of employees
2.400 (2018)
Website AFP.com

Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France. Founded in 1835 as Agence Havas, it is the world's oldest news agency.

News agency organization that gathers news reports and sells them to subscribing news organizations

A news agency is an organization that gathers news reports and sells them to subscribing news organizations, such as newspapers, magazines and radio and television broadcasters. A news agency may also be referred to as a wire service, newswire, or news service.

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.

Contents

AFP has regional headquarters in Nicosia, Montevideo, Hong Kong, and Washington, D.C., and news bureaux in 151 countries in 201 locations. AFP transmits stories, videos, photos, graphics in French, English, Arabic, Portuguese, Spanish, and German.

Nicosia City

Nicosia is the largest city, capital, and seat of government of the island of Cyprus. It is located near the centre of the Mesaoria plain, on the banks of the River Pedieos.

Montevideo Capital city in Uruguay

Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay. According to the 2011 census, the city proper has a population of 1,319,108 in an area of 201 square kilometres (78 sq mi). The southernmost capital city in the Americas, Montevideo is situated on the southern coast of the country, on the northeastern bank of the Río de la Plata.

Hong Kong East Asian city

Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and commonly abbreviated as HK, is a special administrative region of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is the world's fourth-most densely populated region.

History

Agence France-Presse has its origins in the Agence Havas, founded in 1835 in Paris by Charles-Louis Havas, making it the world's oldest news service. [1] [2] The agency pioneered the collection and dissemination of news as a commodity, [1] and had established itself as a fully global concern by the late 19th century. [3] Two Havas employees, Paul Julius Reuter and Bernhard Wolff, set up their own news agencies in London and Berlin respectively. [1]

Charles-Louis Havas French journalist

Charles-Louis Havas was a French writer, translator, and founder of the first news agency Agence Havas.

Bernhard Wolff was a German media mogul. He was editor of the Vossische Zeitung, founder of the National Zeitung (1848-1938), and founder of Wolffs Telegraphisches Bureau (1849-1934), one of the first press agencies in Europe and one of the three great European telegraph monopolies until the World War II-era, the other two being the English Reuters and the French Havas.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

In 1940, when German forces occupied France during World War II, the news agency was taken over by the authorities and renamed "Office français d'information" (French Information Office); only the private advertising company retained the name Havas. [4] On August 20, 1944, as Allied forces moved on Paris, a group of journalists in the French Resistance seized the offices of the FIO and issued the first news dispatch from the liberated city under the name of Agence France-Presse.

German military administration in occupied France during World War II Interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II

The Military Administration in France was an interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II to administer the occupied zone in areas of northern and western France. This so-called zone occupée was renamed zone nord in November 1942, when the previously unoccupied zone in the south known as zone libre was also occupied and renamed zone sud.

The Office français d'information was the press agency controlled by the Vichy regime during the German occupation.

Havas SA is a French multinational advertising and public relations company, headquartered in Paris, France. It operates in more than 100 countries and is one of the largest global advertising and communications groups in the world. Havas consists of three main operational divisions:

Established as a state enterprise, AFP devoted the post-war years to developing its network of international correspondents. One of them was the first Western journalist to report the death of the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin on March 6, 1953. AFP was keen to shake off its semi-official status, and on January 10, 1957, the French Parliament passed a law establishing its independence. Since that date, the proportion of the agency's revenues generated by subscriptions from government departments has steadily declined. Such subscriptions represented 115 million Euros in 2011. [5]

Joseph Stalin Soviet leader

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was a Georgian revolutionary and Soviet politician who led the Soviet Union from the mid–1920s until 1953 as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922–1953) and Premier (1941–1953). Initially presiding over a collective leadership as first among equals, by the 1930s he was the country's de facto dictator. A communist ideologically committed to the Leninist interpretation of Marxism, Stalin helped to formalise these ideas as Marxism–Leninism, while his own policies became known as Stalinism.

In 1982, the agency began to decentralize its editorial decision-making by setting up the first of its five autonomous regional centres, in Hong Kong, then a British Crown colony. Each region has its own budget, administrative director and chief editor. In September 2007, the AFP Foundation was launched to promote higher standards of journalism worldwide.

The Mitrokhin Archive identified six agents and two confidential KGB contacts inside Agence France-Presse who were used in Soviet operations in France. [6]

In 1991, AFP set up a joint venture with Extel to create a financial news service, AFX News. [7] It was sold in 2006 to Thomson Financial. [8]

In October 2008, the Government of France announced moves to change AFP's status, including the involvement of outside investors. On November 27 of that year, the main trade unions represented in the company's home base of France – the CGT, Force Ouvrière, Syndicat national des journalistes, [9] Union syndicale des journalistes CFDT [10] and SUD, launched an online petition to oppose what they saw as an attempt to privatise the agency.

On December 10, 2009, the French Culture Minister Frédéric Mitterrand announced that he was setting up a Committee of Experts under former AFP CEO Henri Pigeat to study plans for the agency's future status. [11] On February 24, 2010, Pierre Louette unexpectedly announced his intention to resign as CEO by the end of March, and move to a job with France Télécom.

The current CEO and chairman is Fabrice Fries and the Global News Director is Phil Chewynd . [12]

Statutes

AFP headquarters in Paris. Agence France Presse a Paris.jpg
AFP headquarters in Paris.

AFP operates under a 1957 law as a commercial business independent of the French government. AFP is administered by a CEO and a board comprising 15 members:

The mission of AFP is defined in its statute: [13]

The board elects the CEO for a renewable term of three years. The AFP also has a council charged with ensuring that the agency operates according to its statutes, which mandate absolute independence and neutrality. Editorially, AFP is governed by a network of senior journalists.

The primary client of AFP is the French government, which purchases subscriptions for its various services. In practice, those subscriptions are an indirect subsidy to AFP. The statutes of the agency prohibit direct government subsidies.

In November 2013, AFP and Getty Images were ordered to pay $1.2 million compensation to freelance photojournalist Daniel Morel for using his images posted on Twitter related to the 2010 Haiti earthquake without his permission, in violation of copyright and Twitter's terms of service. [14] [15]

Investments

Notable investments include:

AFP GmbH is the subsidiary of AFP in Germany, producing German-language services for local press, internet and corporate clients.

Sport-Informations-Dienst (SID) is producing a German-language sports service.

In 2007, AFP purchased a 34% stake in Scooplive, a citizen news photo and video agency online. Established in France in 2006, Scooplive was renamed Citizenside after this investment, but AFP soon sold its shares to news aggregator Newzulu. [16]

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Le Monde</i> French daily evening newspaper

Le Monde is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, and published continuously since its first edition.

EFE news agency

Agencia EFE, S.A. is a Spanish international news agency, the major multimedia news agency in Spanish language and the world's fourth largest wire service after the Associated Press, Reuters, and Agence France-Presse. EFE was created in 1939 by Ramón Serrano Súñer, then Spain's Interior Minister.

TASS Russian news agency

Russian News Agency TASS, abbr. TASS is a major news agency in Russia, founded in 1904. TASS is the largest Russian news agency and one of the largest news agencies worldwide, along with Reuters, the Associated Press (AP) and Agence France-Presse (AFP).

Havas Creative

Havas Creative, formerly known as Havas Worldwide and Euro RSCG, is an American advertising agency. It is one of the largest integrated marketing communications agencies in the world, made up of 316 offices located in 75 countries. The firm provides advertising, marketing, and corporate communications services.

Associated Press of Pakistan (APP) is a government-operated national news agency of Pakistan. The name APP should not to be confused with Associated Press Service (APS) is a private independent Pakistani news agency and other the much larger Associated Press news agency (AP), based in New York, though it is a subscriber to both AP and Reuters, based in London. APP has News Exchange Agreements with 37 Foreign News Agencies and more than 500 correspondents.

Paul Guihard was a French-British journalist for Agence France-Press. He was murdered in the 1962 riot at the University of Mississippi while covering the events surrounding James Meredith's attempts to enroll at the all-white university. The only journalist known to have been killed in the backlash to the Civil Rights Movement, his murder remains unsolved.

European Pressphoto Agency international news photo agency

European Pressphoto Agency B.V. (epa) is an international news photo agency.

Extel financial news service

The Exchange Telegraph Co. Ltd. was created in March 1872 specifically to distribute financial and business information from the London Stock Exchange and other commercial markets direct to subscribers. The company established ticker tape telegraph machines in offices, gentlemen's clubs, banks etc. and provided a continuous stream of commercial information to them.

Reuters International news organization owned by Thomson Reuters

Reuters is an international news organization. It is a division of Thomson Reuters and has nearly 200 locations around the world. Until 2008, the Reuters news agency formed part of an independent company, Reuters Group plc, which was also a provider of financial market data. Since the acquisition of Reuters Group by the Thomson Corporation in 2008, the Reuters news agency has been a part of Thomson Reuters, making up the media division. Reuters transmits news in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Urdu, Arabic, Japanese, Korean, and Chinese. It was established in 1851.

Mustafa Haji Abdinur is a Somali journalist and radio correspondent. He was awarded a CPJ International Press Freedom Award by the Committee to Protect Journalists in 2009.

Tunis Afrique Presse government agency

Tunis Afrique Presse (TAP) is a Tunisian press agency.

MINDS International is an association of news agencies that collaborate in digital media business. MINDS was founded in 2004 by the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers and five news agencies, with funding from the European Union. Currently the MINDS network consists of more than twenty member agencies from around the world.

The European Alliance of News Agencies (EANA) is a federation of news agencies in Europe. The organisation was founded in 1956 and is based in Bern at the seat of the Swiss Telegraphic Agency (sda). EANA has currently 32 members (2015). EANA´s predecessor Agences Alliées was founded in 1924 and was active until the World War II when the activities were discontinued.

Jean Marin, real name Yves Morvan was a French journalist and resistant. He was the president of Agence France-Presse from 1957 to 1975.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Toal, Gerard (2014). Thrift, Nigel; Tickell, Adam; Woolgar, Steve; Rupp, William H. (eds.). Globalization in Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 199. ISBN   978-0199212620.
  2. James F. Broderick; Darren W. Miller (2007). Consider the Source: A Critical Guide to 100 Prominent News and Information Sites on the Web. Information Today, Inc. p. 1. ISBN   978-0-910965-77-4.
  3. Kuhn, Raymond (March 1, 2011). The Media In Contemporary France. New York: McGraw-Hill Education. p. 3. ISBN   978-0335236220.
  4. Palmer, M. B. (1976). "L'Office Français d'Information (1940-1944)". Revue d'Histoire de la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale. 26 (101): 19–40. JSTOR   25728734.
  5. "N° 3806 tome VII – Avis de M. Michel Françaix sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2012 (n°3775)" . Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  6. Andrew, Christopher, Vasili Mitrokhin (2000). The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB. Basic Books. ISBN   0-465-00312-5. p. 169-171
  7. AFP and Financial Wires Encroach on Original Market : Reuters News: Clients Defect. By Erik Ipsen, Published: February 13, 1992 nytimes.com
  8. Thomson Financial acquires AFX. Publication: Information World Review Publish date: July 10, 2006, highbeam.com
  9. "Bienvenue sur le site du SNJ" . Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  10. "Actualités" . Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  11. "December 2009: Government Sets up Committee to Study Agency's Future" . Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  12. Template:Cite AFP mangagement
  13. "Full Text of AFP's Statutes in English". Agence France-Presse. June 12, 2017. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  14. Ax, Joseph (November 22, 2013). "Photographer wins $1.2 million from companies that took pictures off Twitter". Reuters. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  15. Laurent, Olivier (November 24, 2013). "Getty Images disappointed at $1.2m Morel verdict". British Journal of Photography. Incisive Media. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  16. Aubert, Aurélie; Nicey, Jérémie (2017). Allan, Stuart (ed.). Photojournalism and Citizen Journalism: Co-operation, Collaboration and Connectivity. New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 238. ISBN   1351813455.