1998 FIFA World Cup

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1998 FIFA World Cup
Coupe du Monde – France 98
1998 FIFA World Cup.svg
1998 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countryFrance
Dates10 June – 12 July
Teams32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)10 (in 10 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of France.svg  France (1st title)
Runners-upFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Third placeFlag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Fourth placeFlag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Tournament statistics
Matches played64
Goals scored171 (2.67 per match)
Attendance2,784,687 (43,511 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Croatia.svg Davor Šuker (6 goals)
Best player(s) Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo
Best young player Flag of England.svg Michael Owen
Best goalkeeper Flag of France.svg Fabien Barthez
Fair play awardFlag of England.svg  England
Flag of France.svg  France
1994
2002

The 1998 FIFA World Cup was the 16th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams. It was held in France from 10 June to 12 July 1998. The country was chosen as the host nation by FIFA for the second time in the history of the tournament, defeating Morocco in the bidding process. It was the second time that France staged the competition (the first was in 1938) and the ninth time that it was held in Europe. It was the first World Cup to be held under the presidency of Sepp Blatter.

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

1938 FIFA World Cup 1938 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1938 FIFA World Cup was the third staging of the World Cup, and was held in France from 4 to 19 June 1938. Italy retained the championship by beating Hungary 4–2 in the final. Italy's 1934 and 1938 teams became the only ones to have won two World Cups under the same coach, Vittorio Pozzo.

Contents

Qualification for the finals began in March 1996 and concluded in November 1997. For the first time in the competition, the group stage was expanded from 24 teams to 32, with eight groups of four. 64 matches were played in 10 stadiums in 10 host cities, with the opening match and final staged at the Stade de France, Saint-Denis.

The 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification competition was a series of tournaments organised by the six FIFA confederations. Each confederation — the AFC (Asia), CAF (Africa), CONCACAF, CONMEBOL, OFC (Oceania), and UEFA (Europe) — was allocated a certain number of the 32 places at the tournament. A total of 174 teams entered the 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds, competing for a total of 32 spots in the final tournament. The 1998 FIFA World Cup featured 32 teams, with two places reserved for France and Brazil as host nation and defending champions, respectively. The remaining 30 places were determined by a qualification process, in which the other 174 teams, from the six FIFA confederations, competed.

Stade de France French national stadium

Stade de France is the national stadium of France, located just north of Paris in the commune of Saint-Denis. Its seating capacity of 80,698 makes it the eighth-largest stadium in Europe. The stadium is used by the France national football team and French rugby union team for international competition. The Stadium is the largest in Europe for track and field events, seating 78,338 in that configuration. Despite that, the stadium's running track is mostly hidden under the football pitch. Originally built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, the stadium's name was recommended by Michel Platini, head of the organising committee. On 12 July 1998, France defeated Brazil 3–0 in the 1998 FIFA World Cup Final contested at the stadium. It will host the opening and closing ceremonies and the athletics events at the 2024 Summer Olympics. It will also host matches for the 2023 Rugby World Cup.

Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis Subprefecture and commune in Île-de-France, France

Saint-Denis is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.4 km (5.8 mi) from the centre of Paris. Saint-Denis is a subprefecture of the department of Seine-Saint-Denis, being the seat of the arrondissement of Saint-Denis.

The tournament was won by host country France, who beat defending champions Brazil 3–0 in the final. France won their first title, becoming the seventh nation to win a World Cup, and the sixth (after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina) to win the tournament on home soil. Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa made their first appearances in the finals.

France national football team mens national association football team representing France

The France national football team represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in French: Fédération française de football. The team's colours are blue, white and red, and the coq gaulois its symbol. France are colloquially known as Les Bleus. The French side are the reigning World Cup holders, having won the 2018 FIFA World Cup on 15 July 2018.

The Brazil national football team represents Brazil in international men's association football. Brazil is administered by the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF), the governing body for football in Brazil. They have been a member of FIFA since 1923 and member of CONMEBOL since 1916.

1998 FIFA World Cup Final association football match

The 1998 FIFA World Cup Final was a football match that was played on 12 July 1998 at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis to determine the winner of the 1998 FIFA World Cup. The final was contested by Brazil, who were the defending champions having won the previous FIFA World Cup four years earlier in 1994, and the host nation France, who had reached the final of the tournament for the first time. France won the match 3–0 to claim the World Cup for the first time, with the timing of the match two days before Bastille Day adding to the significance of the victory. Zinedine Zidane, who was named man of the match, scored twice before half-time and Emmanuel Petit added a third goal in the last minute. The match had an attendance in the region of 75,000.

Host selection

France was awarded the 1998 World Cup on 2 July 1992 by the executive committee of FIFA during a general meeting in Zürich, Switzerland. They defeated Morocco by 12 votes to 7. [1] [2] Switzerland withdrew, due to being unable to meet FIFA's requirements. This made France the third country to host two World Cups, after Mexico and Italy in 1986 and 1990 respectively. France previously hosted the third edition of the World Cup in 1938. England, who hosted the competition in 1966 and won it, were among the original applicants, but later withdrew their application in favour of an ultimately successful bid to host UEFA Euro 1996.

Zürich Place in Switzerland

Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich. It is located in north-central Switzerland at the northwestern tip of Lake Zürich. The municipality has approximately 409,000 inhabitants, the urban agglomeration 1.315 million and the Zürich metropolitan area 1.83 million. Zürich is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Both Zurich Airport and railway station are the largest and busiest in the country.

1966 FIFA World Cup 1966 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1966 FIFA World Cup was the eighth FIFA World Cup and was held in England from 11 to 30 July 1966. England beat West Germany 4–2 in the final, winning the Jules Rimet Trophy. It is England's only FIFA World Cup title. They were the fifth nation to win and the third host nation to win after Uruguay in 1930 and Italy in 1934.

UEFA Euro 1996 1996 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 1996 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 96, was the 10th UEFA European Championship, a quadrennial football tournament contested by European nations and organised by UEFA. It took place in England from 8 to 30 June 1996.

Voting results [3]
CountryRound 1
Flag of France.svg France12
Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco7

Bribery and corruption investigations

On 4 June 2015, while co-operating with the FBI and the Swiss authorities, Chuck Blazer confirmed that he and other members of FIFA's executive committee were bribed during the 1998 and 2010 World Cups host selection process. Blazer stated that "we facilitated bribes in conjunction with the selection of the host nation for the 1998 World Cup". Since France won the selection process it was initially thought the bribery came from its bid committee. It eventually transpired that the bribe payment was from the failed Moroccan bid. [4] [5] [6]

Chuck Blazer American soccer administrator

Charles Gordon Blazer was an American soccer administrator, who held a number of high level positions before becoming a government informant on widespread corruption within organized soccer. He was a FIFA Executive Committee member from 1996 to 2013, the CONCACAF General Secretary from 1990 until 2011, and Executive Vice President of the U.S. Soccer Federation.

Qualification

The qualification draw for the 1998 World Cup finals took place in the Musée du Louvre, Paris on 12 December 1995. [7] As tournament hosts, France was exempt from the draw as was defending champion Brazil. 174 teams from six confederations participated, 24 more than in the previous round. Fourteen countries qualified from the European zone (in addition to hosts France). Ten were determined after group play - nine group winners and the best second-placed team; the other eight group runners-up were drawn into pairs of four play-off matches with the winners qualifying for the finals as well. [8] CONMEBOL (South America) and CAF (Africa) were each given five spots in the final tournament, while three spots were contested between 30 CONCACAF members in the North and Central America and the Caribbean zone. The winner of the Oceanian zone advanced to an intercontinental play-off against the runner-up of the Asian play-off, determined by the two best second placed teams.

Louvre Art museum and Historic site in Paris, France

The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France. A central landmark of the city, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the city's 1st arrondissement. Approximately 38,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 72,735 square metres. In 2018, the Louvre was the world's most visited art museum, receiving 10.2 million visitors.

The 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification was a series of tournaments organised by the six FIFA confederations. The 1994 FIFA World Cup featured 24 teams with one place reserved for the host nation, United States, and one place for the defending champions, Germany. The remaining 22 places were determined by a qualification process, in which 147 teams, from the six FIFA confederations, competed. Most of the successful teams were determined within these confederations, with a limited number of inter-confederation play-offs occurring at the end of the process.

CONMEBOL governing body of association football in South America

The South American Football Confederation is the continental governing body of football in South America and it is one of FIFA's six continental confederations. The oldest continental confederation in the world, its headquarters are located in Luque, Paraguay, near Asunción. CONMEBOL is responsible for the organization and governance of South American football's major international tournaments. With 10 member football associations, it has the fewest members of all the confederations in FIFA.

Four nations qualified for the first time: Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa. The last team to qualify was Iran by virtue of beating Australia in a two-legged tie on 29 November 1997. [9] This was Team Melli's first appearance in the finals since 1978, the last time Tunisia also qualified for the tournament. Chile qualified for the first time since 1982, after serving a ban that saw them miss out on the two previous tournaments. Paraguay and Denmark returned for the first time since 1986. Austria, England, Scotland and Yugoslavia returned after missing out on the 1994 tournament, with the Balkan team now appearing under the name of FR Yugoslavia. Among the teams who failed to qualify were two-time winners Uruguay (for the second successive tournament); Sweden, who finished third in 1994; Russia (who failed to qualify for the first time since 1978 after losing to Italy in the play-off round); and the Republic of Ireland, who had qualified for the previous two tournaments. [10] As of 2018, this is the most recent time Austria, Scotland, Norway, Bulgaria, Romania, and Jamaica have qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, as well as the last time Portugal missed out. The highest ranked team not to qualify was Czech Republic (ranked 3rd), while the lowest ranked team that did qualify was Nigeria (ranked 74th).

List of qualified teams

The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings, [11] qualified for the final tournament.

Venues

France's bid to host the World Cup centered on a national stadium with 80,000 seats and nine other stadiums located across the country. [13] When the finals were originally awarded in July 1992, none of the regional club grounds were of a capacity meeting FIFA's requirements – namely being able to safely seat 40,000. [13] The proposed national stadium, colloquially referred to as the 'Grand stade' met with controversy at every stage of planning; the stadium's location was determined by politics, finance and national symbolism. [14] As Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac successfully negotiated a deal with Prime Minister Édouard Balladur to bring the Stade de France – as it was named now, to the commune of Saint-Denis just north of the capital city. [14] Construction on the stadium started in December 1995 and was completed after 26 months of work in November 1997 at a cost of ₣2.67 billion. [15]

The choice of stadium locations was drafted from an original list of 14 cities. [16] FIFA and CFO monitored the progress and quality of preparations, culminating in the former providing final checks of the grounds weeks before the tournament commenced. Montpellier was the surprise inclusion from the final list of cities because of its low urban hierarchy in comparison to Strasbourg, who boasted a better hierarchy and success from its local football team, having been taken over by a consortium. Montpellier however was considered ambitious by the selecting panel to host World Cup matches. The local city and regional authories in particular had invested heavily into football the previous two decades and were able to measure economic effects, in terms of jobs as early as in 1997. [17] Some of the venues used for this tournament were also used for the previous World Cup in France in 1938. The Stade Vélodrome in Marseille, the Stade Municipal in Toulouse, the Gerland in Lyon, the Parc Lescure in Bordeaux and the Parc des Princes in Paris received the honour of hosting World Cup matches once again in 1998 as they had all done in 1938.

10 stadiums in total were used for the finals; in addition to nine matches being played at the Stade de France (the most used stadium in the tournament), a further six matches took place in Paris Saint-Germain's Parc des Princes, bringing Paris's total matches hosted to 15. France played four of their seven matches in the national stadium; they also played in the country's second and third largest cities, Marseille (hosting 7 total matches) and Lyon (hosting 6 total matches), as well as a Round of 16 knockout match in the northern city of Lens (also hosting 6 total matches). Nantes, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Montpellier and Saint-Etienne also hosted 6 matches in total; all of the stadiums used also hosted knockout round matches.

Saint-Denis Marseille Paris Lyon
Stade de France Stade Vélodrome Parc des Princes Stade de Gerland
48°55′28″N2°21′36″E / 48.92444°N 2.36000°E / 48.92444; 2.36000 (Stade de France) 43°16′11″N5°23′45″E / 43.26972°N 5.39583°E / 43.26972; 5.39583 (Stade Vélodrome) 48°50′29″N2°15′11″E / 48.84139°N 2.25306°E / 48.84139; 2.25306 (Parc des Princes) 45°43′26″N4°49′56″E / 45.72389°N 4.83222°E / 45.72389; 4.83222 (Stade de Gerland)
Capacity: 80,000Capacity: 60,000Capacity: 48,875Capacity: 44,000
Finale Coupe de France 2010-2011 (Lille LOSC vs Paris SG PSG).jpg Vue du virage Depe.jpg Paris-Parc-des-Princes.jpg Stade-Gerland-RWC2007.JPG
Lens
Stade Félix-Bollaert
50°25′58.26″N2°48′53.47″E / 50.4328500°N 2.8148528°E / 50.4328500; 2.8148528 (Stade Félix-Bollaert)
Capacity: 41,300
Stade Felix-Bollaert.jpg
Nantes
Stade de la Beaujoire
47°15′20.27″N1°31′31.35″W / 47.2556306°N 1.5253750°W / 47.2556306; -1.5253750 (Stade de la Beaujoire)
Capacity: 39,500
Stade de la Beaujoire.jpg
Toulouse Saint-Étienne Bordeaux Montpellier
Stadium de Toulouse Stade Geoffroy-Guichard Parc Lescure Stade de la Mosson
43°34′59.93″N1°26′2.57″E / 43.5833139°N 1.4340472°E / 43.5833139; 1.4340472 (Stadium de Toulouse) 45°27′38.76″N4°23′24.42″E / 45.4607667°N 4.3901167°E / 45.4607667; 4.3901167 (Stade Geoffroy-Guichard) 44°49′45″N0°35′52″W / 44.82917°N 0.59778°W / 44.82917; -0.59778 (Parc Lescure) 43°37′19.85″N3°48′43.28″E / 43.6221806°N 3.8120222°E / 43.6221806; 3.8120222 (Stade de la Mosson)
Capacity: 37,000Capacity: 36,000Capacity: 35,200Capacity: 34,000
Stadium TFC LOSC mai2013 2.JPG Stade-GeoffroyGuichard-RWC2007.JPG Stade Chaban-Delmas.jpg Australie-Fidji.4.JPG

Innovations

Technologies

This was the first World Cup where fourth officials used electronic boards, instead of cardboard. [18]

Rule changes

This was the first World Cup since the introduction of golden goals, [18] banning of tackles from behind that endanger the safety of an opponent [19] and allowance of three substitutions per game. [20]

Match officials

34 referees and 33 assistants officiated in the 1998 World Cup. [21] As a result of the extension to 32 teams in the finals, there was an increase of 10 referees and 11 officials from the 1994 World Cup. [21]

Seeds

Pot APot BPot CPot D

Squads

As with the preceding tournament, each team's squad for the 1998 World Cup finals consisted of 22 players. Each participating national association had to confirm their final 22-player squad by 1 June 1998.

Out of the 704 players participating in the 1998 World Cup, 447 were signed up with a European club; 90 in Asia, 67 in South America, 61 in Northern and Central America and 37 in Africa. [22] 75 played their club football in England – five more than Italy and Spain. Barcelona of Spain was the club contributing to the most players in the tournament with 13 players on their side. [22]

The average age of all teams was 27 years, 8 months – five months older than the previous tournament. [23] Samuel Eto'o of Cameroon was the youngest player selected in the competition at 17 years, 3 months, while the oldest was Jim Leighton of Scotland at 39 years, 11 months. [23]

Results

Champion
Runner-up
Third place
Fourth place
Quarter-finals
Round of 16
Group stage 1998 world cup.png

Group stage

All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)

Group A

Defending champions Brazil won Group A after only two matches as the nation achieved victories over Scotland (2–1) and Morocco (3–0). Heading into the third game, Brazil had nothing to play for but still started its regulars against Norway, who was looking to upset Brazil once again. Needing a victory, Norway overturned a 1–0 deficit with 12 minutes remaining to defeat Brazil 2–1, with Kjetil Rekdal scoring [24] the winning penalty to send Norway into the knockout stage for the first time.

Norway's victory denied Morocco a chance at the Round of 16, despite winning 3–0 against Scotland. It was only Morocco's second ever victory at a World Cup, having recorded its only previous win 12 years earlier on 11 June 1986.

Scotland managed only one point, coming in a 1–1 draw against Norway, and failed to get out of the first round for an eighth time in the FIFA World Cup, a record that stands to this date.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 320163+36Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 312054+15
3Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 31115504
4Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 30122641
Source: FIFA
10 June 1998
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 2–1 Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Morocco  Flag of Morocco.svg 2–2 Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier
16 June 1998
Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg 1–1 Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 3–0 Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
23 June 1998
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 1–2 Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg 0–3 Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne

Group B

Italy and Chile progressed to the second round, while Austria failed to score any win for the first time since 1958 and Cameroon failed to get out of the group stage for the second time in a row.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 321073+47Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 30304403
3Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 30213412
4Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 30212532
Source: FIFA
11 June 1998
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 2–2 Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Cameroon  Flag of Cameroon.svg 1–1 Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
17 June 1998
Chile  Flag of Chile.svg 1–1 Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 3–0 Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier
23 June 1998
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 2–1 Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Chile  Flag of Chile.svg 1–1 Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes

Group C

France, the host nation, swept Group C when the start of their path to their first FIFA World Cup trophy culminated with their 2–1 win over Denmark, who despite their loss, progressed to the second round.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of France.svg  France (H)330091+89Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 31113304
3Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 30213632
4Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 30122751
Source: FIFA
(H) Host.
12 June 1998
Saudi Arabia  Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 0–1 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
France  Flag of France.svg 3–0 Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
18 June 1998
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg 1–1 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
France  Flag of France.svg 4–0 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia Stade de France, Saint-Denis
24 June 1998
France  Flag of France.svg 2–1 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Stade de Gerland, Lyon
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg 2–2 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia Parc Lescure, Bordeaux

Group D

Nigeria and Paraguay advanced to the Round of 16 after a surprise elimination of top seed Spain, while Bulgaria failed to repeat their surprise performance from the previous tournament.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 32015506Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay 312031+25
3Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 311184+44
4Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 30121761
Source: FIFA
12 June 1998
Paraguay  Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg 0–0 Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier
13 June 1998
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 2–3 Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
19 June 1998
Nigeria  Flag of Nigeria.svg 1–0 Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Parc des Princes, Paris
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 0–0 Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
24 June 1998
Nigeria  Flag of Nigeria.svg 1–3 Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 6–1 Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens

Group E

The Netherlands and Mexico advanced with the same record (The Netherlands placed first on goal difference); Belgium and eventual 2002 FIFA World Cup co-hosts South Korea failed to advance.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 312072+55Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 312075+25
3Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 30303303
4Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 30122971
Source: FIFA
13 June 1998
South Korea  Flag of South Korea.svg 1–3 Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Stade de Gerland, Lyon
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 0–0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Stade de France, Saint-Denis
20 June 1998
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 2–2 Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 5–0 Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
25 June 1998
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2–2 Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 1–1 Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Parc des Princes, Paris

Group F

Germany and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia advanced, each with 7 points (Germany took 1st through goal differential tiebreak). Iran and 1994 host United States failed to advance.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 321062+47Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  FR Yugoslavia 321042+27
3Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 31022423
4Flag of the United States.svg  United States 30031540
Source: FIFA
14 June 1998
Yugoslavia  Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg 1–0 Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
15 June 1998
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–0 Flag of the United States.svg  United States Parc des Princes, Paris
21 June 1998
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–2 Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Yugoslavia Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
United States  Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg 1–2 Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Stade de Gerland, Lyon
25 June 1998
United States  Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg 0–1 Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Yugoslavia Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–0 Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier

Group G

Romania and England became Group G top finishers as Colombia and Tunisia were unable to reach the last 16, despite Colombia having one win.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 321042+27Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of England.svg  England 320152+36
3Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 31021323
4Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia 30121431
Source: FIFA
15 June 1998
England  Flag of England.svg 2–0 Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Romania  Flag of Romania.svg 1–0 Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Stade de Gerland, Lyon
22 June 1998
Colombia  Flag of Colombia.svg 1–0 Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier
Romania  Flag of Romania.svg 2–1 Flag of England.svg  England Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
26 June 1998
Colombia  Flag of Colombia.svg 0–2 Flag of England.svg  England Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
Romania  Flag of Romania.svg 1–1 Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia Stade de France, Saint-Denis

Group H

Argentina and World Cup debutants Croatia finished at the top of Group H while Jamaica (another debutant) and 2002 FIFA World Cup co-hosts Japan (another debutant) failed to advance.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 330070+79Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 320142+26
3Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 31023963
4Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan 30031430
Source: FIFA
14 June 1998
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 1–0 Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
Jamaica  Flag of Jamaica.svg 1–3 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
20 June 1998
Japan  Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg 0–1 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
21 June 1998
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 5–0 Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica Parc des Princes, Paris
26 June 1998
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 1–0 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Japan  Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg 1–2 Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica Stade de Gerland, Lyon

Knockout stage

The knockout stage comprised the 16 teams that advanced from the group stage of the tournament. For each game in the knockout stage, any draw at 90 minutes was followed by 30 minutes of extra time; if scores were still level, there was a penalty shoot-out to determine who progressed to the next round. Golden goal comes into play if a team scores during extra time, thus becoming the winner which concludes the game.

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
27 June – Paris
 
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4
 
3 July – Nantes
 
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 1
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3
 
28 June – Saint-Denis
 
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 2
 
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 1
 
7 July – Marseille
 
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 4
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil (p)1 (4)
 
29 June – Toulouse
 
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1 (2)
 
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2
 
4 July – Marseille
 
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Yugoslavia 1
 
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2
 
30 June – Saint-Étienne
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina (p)2 (4)
 
12 July – Saint-Denis
 
Flag of England.svg  England 2 (3)
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0
 
27 June – Marseille
 
Flag of France.svg  France 3
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1
 
3 July – Saint-Denis
 
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 0
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 0 (3)
 
28 June – Lens
 
Flag of France.svg  France (p)0 (4)
 
Flag of France.svg  France (asdet)1
 
8 July – Saint-Denis
 
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay 0
 
Flag of France.svg  France 2
 
29 June – Montpellier
 
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 1 Third place
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2
 
4 July – Lyon 11 July – Paris
 
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1
 
30 June – Bordeaux
 
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 3 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 2
 
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 0
 
 
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 1
 

Round of 16

Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 1–0 Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Vieri Soccerball shade.svg 18' Report
Attendance: 55,000

Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 4–1 Flag of Chile.svg  Chile
César Sampaio Soccerball shade.svg 11', 27'
Ronaldo Soccerball shade.svg 45+1' (pen.), 70'
Report Salas Soccerball shade.svg 68'
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Marc Batta (France)

France  Flag of France.svg 1–0 (a.e.t.)Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay
Blanc Soccerball shade gold.svg 114' Report

Nigeria  Flag of Nigeria.svg 1–4 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Babangida Soccerball shade.svg 78' Report Møller Soccerball shade.svg 3'
B. Laudrup Soccerball shade.svg 12'
Sand Soccerball shade.svg 60'
Helveg Soccerball shade.svg 76'
Attendance: 77,000

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–1 Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Klinsmann Soccerball shade.svg 75'
Bierhoff Soccerball shade.svg 86'
Report Hernández Soccerball shade.svg 47'

Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2–1 Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Yugoslavia
Bergkamp Soccerball shade.svg 38'
Davids Soccerball shade.svg 90+2'
Report Komljenović Soccerball shade.svg 48'

Romania  Flag of Romania.svg 0–1 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Report Šuker Soccerball shade.svg 45+2' (pen.)
Attendance: 31,800

Quarter-finals


Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 3–2 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Bebeto Soccerball shade.svg 11'
Rivaldo Soccerball shade.svg 27', 60'
Report Jørgensen Soccerball shade.svg 2'
B. Laudrup Soccerball shade.svg 50'
Attendance: 35,500

Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2–1 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Kluivert Soccerball shade.svg 12'
Bergkamp Soccerball shade.svg 90'
Report López Soccerball shade.svg 17'
Attendance: 55,000

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 0–3 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Report Jarni Soccerball shade.svg 45+3'
Vlaović Soccerball shade.svg 80'
Šuker Soccerball shade.svg 85'
Attendance: 39,100

Semi-finals


France  Flag of France.svg 2–1 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Thuram Soccerball shade.svg 47', 69' Report Šuker Soccerball shade.svg 46'

Third place play-off

Croatia beat the Netherlands to earn third place in the competition. Davor Šuker scored the winner in the 35th minute to secure the golden boot. [25]

Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1–2 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Zenden Soccerball shade.svg 21' Report Prosinečki Soccerball shade.svg 13'
Šuker Soccerball shade.svg 35'
Attendance: 45,500

Final

The final was held on 12 July 1998 at the Stade de France, Saint-Denis. France defeated holders Brazil 3–0, with two goals from Zinedine Zidane and a stoppage time strike from Emmanuel Petit. The win gave France their first World Cup title, becoming the sixth national team after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina to win the tournament on their home soil. They also inflicted the second-heaviest World Cup defeat on Brazil, [26] later to be topped by Brazil's 7–1 defeat by Germany in the semi-finals of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. [27]

The pre-match build up was dominated by the omission of Brazilian striker Ronaldo from the starting lineup only to be reinstated 45 minutes before kick-off. [28] He managed to create the first open chance for Brazil in the 22nd minute, dribbling past defender Thuram before sending a cross out on the left side that goalkeeper Fabien Barthez struggled to hold onto. France however took the lead after Brazilian defender Roberto Carlos conceded a corner from which Zidane scored via a header. Three minutes before half-time, Zidane scored his second goal of the match, similarly another header from a corner. The tournament hosts went down to ten men in the 68th minute as Marcel Desailly was sent off for a second bookable offence. Brazil reacted to this by making an attacking substitution and although they applied pressure France sealed the win with a third goal: substitute Patrick Vieira set up his club teammate Petit in a counterattack to shoot low past goalkeeper Cláudio Taffarel. [29]

French president Jacques Chirac was in attendance to congratulate and commiserate the winners and runners-up respectively after the match. [30] Several days after the victory, winning manager Aimé Jacquet announced his resignation from the French team with immediate effect. [31] [32]

Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 0–3 Flag of France.svg  France
Report Zidane Soccerball shade.svg 27', 45+1'
Petit Soccerball shade.svg 90+3'
Attendance: 80,000

Statistics

Goalscorers

Davor Šuker received the Golden Boot for scoring six goals. In total, 171 goals were scored by 112 players:

6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Awards

Golden Ball Award Golden Shoe Award Yashin Award FIFA Fair Play Trophy Most Entertaining Team
Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo Flag of Croatia.svg Davor Šuker Flag of France.svg Fabien Barthez Flag of England.svg  England
Flag of France.svg  France
Flag of France.svg  France

Players who were red-carded during the tournament

All-star team

The All-star team is a squad consisting of the 16 most impressive players at the 1998 World Cup, as selected by FIFA's Technical Study Group. [33]

GoalkeepersDefendersMidfieldersForwards

Flag of France.svg Fabien Barthez
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg José Luis Chilavert

Flag of Brazil.svg Roberto Carlos
Flag of France.svg Marcel Desailly
Flag of France.svg Lilian Thuram
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Frank de Boer
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg Carlos Gamarra

Flag of Brazil.svg Dunga
Flag of Brazil.svg Rivaldo
Flag of Denmark.svg Michael Laudrup
Flag of France.svg Zinedine Zidane
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Edgar Davids

Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo
Flag of Croatia.svg Davor Šuker
Flag of Denmark.svg Brian Laudrup
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dennis Bergkamp

Final standings

After the tournament, FIFA published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 1998 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition and overall results. [34]

RTeamGPWDLGFGAGDPts.
1Flag of France.svg  France C 7610152+1319
2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil A 74121410+413
3Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia H 7502115+615
4Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands E 7331137+612
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5Flag of Italy.svg  Italy B 532083+511
6Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina H 5311104+610
7Flag of Germany.svg  Germany F 531186+210
8Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark C 521297+27
Eliminated in the round of 16
9Flag of England.svg  England G 421174+37
10Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Yugoslavia F 421154+17
11Flag of Romania.svg  Romania G 421143+17
12Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria D 420269−36
13Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico E 412187+15
14Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay D 412132+15
15Flag of Norway.svg  Norway A 41215505
16Flag of Chile.svg  Chile B 403158−33
Eliminated in the group stage
17Flag of Spain.svg  Spain D 311184+44
18Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco A 31115504
19Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium E 30303303
20Flag of Iran.svg  Iran F 310224−23
21Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia G 310213−23
22Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica H 310239−63
23Flag of Austria.svg  Austria B 302134−12
24Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa C 302136−32
25Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon B 302125−32
26Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia G 301214−31
27Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland A 301226−41
28Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia C 301227−51
29Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria D 301217−61
30Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea E 301229−71
31Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan H 300314−30
32Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States F 300315−40

Symbols

Footix, the official mascot of the tournament France98mascot.png
Footix, the official mascot of the tournament

Mascot

The official mascot was Footix, a rooster first presented in May 1996. [35] It was created by graphic designer Fabrice Pialot and selected from a shortlist of five mascots. [36] Research carried out about the choice of having a cockerel as a mascot was greatly received: 91% associated it immediately with France, the traditional symbol of the nation. [35] Footix, the name chosen by French television viewers, is a portmanteau of "football" and the ending "-ix" from the popular Astérix comic strip. [35] The mascot's colours reflect those of the host nation's flag and home strip – blue for the jump suit, a red crest and with the words 'France 98' coloured in white.

Official song

The official song of the 1998 FIFA World Cup was "The Cup of Life," aka "La Copa de la Vida" recorded by Ricky Martin. [37] [38]

Match ball

The match ball for the 1998 World Cup, manufactured by Adidas was named the Tricolore, meaning 'three-coloured' in French. [39] It was the eighth World Cup match ball made for the tournament by the German company and was the first in the series to be multi-coloured. [40] The tricolour flag and cockerel, traditional symbols of France were used as inspiration for the design. [40]

Marketing

Sponsorship

The sponsors of the 1998 FIFA World Cup are divided into two categories: FIFA World Cup Sponsors and France Supporters. [41] [42]

FIFA World Cup sponsors France Supporters
Coca-Cola was one of the sponsors of FIFA World Cup 1998. Coca cola world cup 1998.jpg
Coca-Cola was one of the sponsors of FIFA World Cup 1998.

The absence of Budweiser (which was one of the sponsors in the previous two World Cups) is notable due to the Evin law, which forbids alcohol-related sponsorship in France, including in sports events (and thus, being replaced by Casio). [65]

Broadcasting

FIFA, through several companies, sold the broadcasting rights for the 1998 FIFA World Cup to many broadcasters. In the UK BBC and ITV had the broadcasting rights. The pictures and audio of the competition were supplied to the TV and radio channels by the company TVRS 98, the broadcaster of the tournament. [66]

The World Cup matches were broadcast in 200 countries. 818 photographers were credited for the tournament. In every match, a stand was reserved for the press. The number of places granted to them reached its maximum in the final, when 1,750 reporters and 110 TV commentators were present in the stand. [67]

Video games

In most of the world, the official video game was, World Cup 98 released by EA Sports on 13 March 1998 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation, Nintendo 64 and the Game Boy. It was the first international football game developed by Electronic Arts since obtaining the rights from FIFA in 1997 and received mostly favourable reviews. [68] [69] [70]

In Japan, Konami was granted the FIFA World Cup licence and produced two distinct video games: Jikkyou World Soccer: World Cup France 98 by KCEO for the Nintendo 64, and World Soccer Jikkyou Winning Eleven 3: World Cup France '98 by KCET for the PlayStation. These games were released in the rest of the world as International Superstar Soccer '98 and International Superstar Soccer Pro '98, without the official FIFA World Cup licence, branding or real player names.

Also in Japan, Sega was granted the FIFA World Cup licence to produce the Saturn video game World Cup '98 France: Road to Win.

Many other video games, including World League Soccer 98 , Actua Soccer 2 and Neo Geo Cup '98: The Road to the Victory were released in the buildup to the 1998 World Cup and evidently were based on the tournament. FIFA: Road to World Cup 98 , also by EA Sports focused on the qualification stage.

Legacy

Honorary FIFA President João Havelange praised France's hosting of the World Cup, describing the tournament as one that would "remain with me forever, as I am sure they will remain with everyone who witnessed this unforgettable competition". [71] Lennart Johansson, the chairman of the organising committee for the World Cup and President of UEFA added that France provided "subject matter of a quality that made the world hold its breath". [72]

Cour des Comptes, the quasi-judicial body of the French government released its report on the organisation of the 1998 World Cup in 2000. [73]

See also

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  45. "2 , Frankie HEJDUK/USA, Mehdi MAHDAVIKIA/IRN erzielt hier das TOR zum..." Gettyimages.nl.
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  49. "Marseille, 23.06.98, BRASILIEN - NORWEGEN 1:2 , 1:2 TOR JUBEL NOR -..." Gettyimages.nl.
  50. "Paris; BRASILIEN - FRANKREICH FINALE; Zinedine ZIDANE/FRA erzielt das..." Gettyimages.nl.
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