1998 FIFA World Cup

Last updated

1998 FIFA World Cup
Coupe du Monde – France 98
1998 FIFA World Cup.svg
1998 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countryFrance
Dates10 June – 12 July
Teams32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)10 (in 10 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of France.svg  France (1st title)
Runners-upFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Third placeFlag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Fourth placeFlag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Tournament statistics
Matches played64
Goals scored171 (2.67 per match)
Attendance2,784,687 (43,511 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Croatia.svg Davor Šuker (6 goals)
Best player(s) Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo
Best young player Flag of England.svg Michael Owen
Best goalkeeper Flag of France.svg Fabien Barthez
Fair play awardFlag of England.svg  England
Flag of France.svg  France
1994
2002

The 1998 FIFA World Cup was the 16th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national football teams. It was held in France from 10 June to 12 July 1998. The country was chosen as the host nation by FIFA for the second time in the history of the tournament, defeating Morocco in the bidding process. It was the second time that France staged the competition (the first was in 1938) and the ninth time that it was held in Europe. Spanning 32 days, it is the longest World Cup tournament ever held.

Contents

Qualification for the finals began in March 1996 and concluded in November 1997. For the first time in the competition, the group stage was expanded from 24 teams to 32, with eight groups of four. 64 matches were played in 10 stadiums in 10 host cities, with the opening match and final staged at the newly built Stade de France in the Parisian commune of Saint-Denis.

The tournament was won by host country France, who beat defending champions Brazil 3–0 in the final. France won their first title, becoming the seventh nation to win a World Cup, and the sixth (after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina) to win the tournament on home soil. Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa made their first appearances in the finals.

Host selection

France was awarded the 1998 World Cup on 2 July 1992 by the executive committee of FIFA during a general meeting in Zürich, Switzerland. They defeated Morocco by 12 votes to 7. [1] [2] Switzerland withdrew, due to being unable to meet FIFA's requirements. This made France the third country to host two World Cups, after Mexico and Italy in 1986 and 1990 respectively. France previously hosted the third edition of the World Cup in 1938. England, who hosted the competition in 1966 and won it, were among the original applicants, but later withdrew their application in favour of an ultimately successful bid to host UEFA Euro 1996.

Voting results [3]
CountryRound 1
Flag of France.svg France12
Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco7

Bribery and corruption investigations

On 4 June 2015, while co-operating with the FBI and the Swiss authorities, Chuck Blazer confirmed that he and other members of FIFA's executive committee were bribed during the 1998 and 2010 World Cups host selection process. Blazer stated that "we facilitated bribes in conjunction with the selection of the host nation for the 1998 World Cup". Since France won the selection process it was initially thought the bribery came from its bid committee. It eventually transpired that the bribe payment was from the failed Moroccan bid. [4] [5] [6]

Qualification

The qualification draw for the 1998 World Cup finals took place in the Musée du Louvre, Paris on 12 December 1995. [7] As tournament hosts, France was exempt from the draw as was defending champion Brazil. 174 teams from six confederations participated, 24 more than in the previous round. Fourteen countries qualified from the European zone (in addition to hosts France). Ten were determined after group play – nine group winners and the best second-placed team; the other eight group runners-up were drawn into pairs of four play-off matches with the winners qualifying for the finals as well. [8] CONMEBOL (South America) and CAF (Africa) were each given five spots in the final tournament, while three spots were contested between 30 CONCACAF members in the North and Central America and the Caribbean zone. The winner of the Oceanian zone advanced to an intercontinental play-off against the runner-up of the Asian play-off, determined by the two best second placed teams.

Four nations qualified for the first time: Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa. The last team to qualify was Iran by virtue of beating Australia in a two-legged tie on 29 November 1997. [9] This was Team Melli's first appearance in the finals since 1978, the last time Tunisia also qualified for the tournament. Chile qualified for the first time since 1982, after serving a ban that saw them miss out on the two previous tournaments. Paraguay and Denmark returned for the first time since 1986. Austria, England, Scotland and Yugoslavia returned after missing out on the 1994 tournament, with the Balkan team now appearing under the name of FR Yugoslavia. Among the teams who failed to qualify were two-time winners Uruguay (for the second successive tournament); Sweden, who finished third in 1994; Russia (who failed to qualify for the first time since 1978 after losing to Italy in the play-off round); and the Republic of Ireland, who had qualified for the previous two tournaments. [10] As of 2020, this is the most recent time that Austria, Scotland, Norway, Bulgaria and Romania have qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, and the only time that Jamaica have qualified, as well as the last time that Portugal missed out. The highest ranked teams not to qualify were Czech Republic and New Zealand (ranked 3rd and 4th), while the lowest ranked team that did qualify was Nigeria (ranked 74th).

List of qualified teams

The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings, [11] qualified for the final tournament.

Venues

France's bid to host the World Cup centered on a national stadium with 80,000 seats and nine other stadiums located across the country. [13] When the finals were originally awarded in July 1992, none of the regional club grounds were of a capacity meeting FIFA's requirements – namely being able to safely seat 40,000. [13] The proposed national stadium, colloquially referred to as the 'Grand stade' met with controversy at every stage of planning; the stadium's location was determined by politics, finance and national symbolism. [14] As Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac successfully negotiated a deal with Prime Minister Édouard Balladur to bring the Stade de France – as it was named now, to the commune of Saint-Denis just north of the capital city. [14] Construction on the stadium started in December 1995 and was completed after 26 months of work in November 1997 at a cost of ₣2.67 billion. [15]

The choice of stadium locations was drafted from an original list of 14 cities. [16] FIFA and CFO monitored the progress and quality of preparations, culminating in the former providing final checks of the grounds weeks before the tournament commenced. Montpellier was the surprise inclusion from the final list of cities because of its low urban hierarchy in comparison to Strasbourg, who boasted a better hierarchy and success from its local football team, having been taken over by a consortium. Montpellier however was considered ambitious by the selecting panel to host World Cup matches. The local city and regional authorities in particular had invested heavily into football the previous two decades and were able to measure economic effects, in terms of jobs as early as in 1997. [17] Some of the venues used for this tournament were also used for the previous World Cup in France in 1938. The Stade Vélodrome in Marseille, the Stade Municipal in Toulouse, the Gerland in Lyon, the Parc Lescure in Bordeaux and the Parc des Princes in Paris received the honour of hosting World Cup matches once again in 1998 as they had all done in 1938.

10 stadiums in total were used for the finals; in addition to nine matches being played at the Stade de France (the most used stadium in the tournament), a further six matches took place in Paris Saint-Germain's Parc des Princes, bringing Paris's total matches hosted to 15. France played four of their seven matches in the national stadium; they also played in the country's second and third largest cities, Marseille (hosting 7 total matches) and Lyon (hosting 6 total matches), as well as a Round of 16 knockout match in the northern city of Lens (also hosting 6 total matches). Nantes, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Montpellier and Saint-Etienne also hosted 6 matches in total; all of the stadiums used also hosted knockout round matches.

Saint-Denis Marseille Paris Lyon
Stade de France Stade Vélodrome Parc des Princes Stade de Gerland
48°55′28″N2°21′36″E / 48.92444°N 2.36000°E / 48.92444; 2.36000 (Stade de France) 43°16′11″N5°23′45″E / 43.26972°N 5.39583°E / 43.26972; 5.39583 (Stade Vélodrome) 48°50′29″N2°15′11″E / 48.84139°N 2.25306°E / 48.84139; 2.25306 (Parc des Princes) 45°43′26″N4°49′56″E / 45.72389°N 4.83222°E / 45.72389; 4.83222 (Stade de Gerland)
Capacity: 80,000Capacity: 60,000Capacity: 48,875Capacity: 44,000
Finale Coupe de France 2010-2011 (Lille LOSC vs Paris SG PSG).jpg Vue du virage Depe.jpg Paris-Parc-des-Princes.jpg Stade-Gerland-RWC2007.JPG
Lens
Stade Félix-Bollaert
50°25′58.26″N2°48′53.47″E / 50.4328500°N 2.8148528°E / 50.4328500; 2.8148528 (Stade Félix-Bollaert)
Capacity: 41,300
Stade Felix-Bollaert.jpg
Nantes
Stade de la Beaujoire
47°15′20.27″N1°31′31.35″W / 47.2556306°N 1.5253750°W / 47.2556306; -1.5253750 (Stade de la Beaujoire)
Capacity: 39,500
Stade de la Beaujoire.jpg
Toulouse Saint-Étienne Bordeaux Montpellier
Stadium de Toulouse Stade Geoffroy-Guichard Parc Lescure Stade de la Mosson
43°34′59.93″N1°26′2.57″E / 43.5833139°N 1.4340472°E / 43.5833139; 1.4340472 (Stadium de Toulouse) 45°27′38.76″N4°23′24.42″E / 45.4607667°N 4.3901167°E / 45.4607667; 4.3901167 (Stade Geoffroy-Guichard) 44°49′45″N0°35′52″W / 44.82917°N 0.59778°W / 44.82917; -0.59778 (Parc Lescure) 43°37′19.85″N3°48′43.28″E / 43.6221806°N 3.8120222°E / 43.6221806; 3.8120222 (Stade de la Mosson)
Capacity: 37,000Capacity: 36,000Capacity: 35,200Capacity: 34,000
Stadium TFC LOSC mai2013 2.JPG Stade-GeoffroyGuichard-RWC2007.JPG Stade Chaban-Delmas.jpg Australie-Fidji.4.JPG

Innovations

Technologies

This was the first FIFA World Cup where fourth officials used electronic boards, instead of cardboard. [18]

Rule changes

This was the first World Cup since the introduction of golden goals, [18] banning of tackles from behind that endanger the safety of an opponent [19] and allowance of three substitutions per game. [20]

Match officials

34 referees and 33 assistants officiated in the 1998 World Cup. [21] As a result of the extension to 32 teams in the finals, there was an increase of 10 referees and 11 officials from the 1994 World Cup. [21]

Draw

Pot APot BPot CPot D

Squads

As with the preceding tournament, each team's squad for the 1998 World Cup finals consisted of 22 players. Each participating national association had to confirm their final 22-player squad by 1 June 1998.

Out of the 704 players participating in the 1998 World Cup, 447 were signed up with a European club; 90 in Asia, 67 in South America, 61 in Northern and Central America and 37 in Africa. [22] 75 played their club football in England – five more than Italy and Spain. Barcelona of Spain was the club contributing to the most players in the tournament with 13 players on their side. [22]

The average age of all teams was 27 years, 8 months – five months older than the previous tournament. [23] Samuel Eto'o of Cameroon was the youngest player selected in the competition at 17 years, 3 months, while the oldest was Jim Leighton of Scotland at 39 years, 11 months. [23]

Group stage

Champion
Runner-up
Third place
Fourth place
Quarter-finals
Round of 16
Group stage 1998 world cup.png

All times are Central European Time (UTC+1)

Group A

Defending champions Brazil won Group A after only two matches as the nation achieved victories over Scotland (2–1) and Morocco (3–0). Heading into the third game, Brazil had nothing to play for but still started its regulars against Norway, who was looking to upset Brazil once again. Needing a victory, Norway overturned a 1–0 deficit with 12 minutes remaining to defeat Brazil 2–1, with Kjetil Rekdal scoring [24] the winning penalty to send Norway into the knockout stage for the first time.

Scotland managed only one point, coming in a 1–1 draw against Norway, and failed to get out of the first round for an eighth time in the FIFA World Cup, a record that stands to this date.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 320163+36Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 312054+15
3Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 31115504
4Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 30122641
Source: FIFA
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg2–1Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
César Sampaio Soccerball shade.svg 5'
Boyd Soccerball shade.svg 74' (o.g.)
Report Collins Soccerball shade.svg 38' (pen.)
Morocco  Flag of Morocco.svg2–2Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Hadji Soccerball shade.svg 37'
Hadda Soccerball shade.svg 60'
Report Chippo Soccerball shade.svg 45+1' (o.g.)
Eggen Soccerball shade.svg 61'

Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg1–1Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Burley Soccerball shade.svg 66' Report H. Flo Soccerball shade.svg 46'
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: László Vágner (Hungary)
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg3–0Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
Ronaldo Soccerball shade.svg 9'
Rivaldo Soccerball shade.svg 45+2'
Bebeto Soccerball shade.svg 50'
Report
Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
Attendance: 35,500
Referee: Nikolai Levnikov (Russia)

Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg0–3Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
Report Bassir Soccerball shade.svg 23', 85'
Hadda Soccerball shade.svg 46'
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg1–2Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Bebeto Soccerball shade.svg 78' Report T. A. Flo Soccerball shade.svg 83'
Rekdal Soccerball shade.svg 89' (pen.)

Group B

Italy and Chile progressed to the second round, while Austria failed to win for the first time since 1958 and Cameroon failed to get out of the group stage for the second time in a row.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 321073+47Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 30304403
3Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 30213412
4Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 30212532
Source: FIFA
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg2–2Flag of Chile.svg  Chile
Vieri Soccerball shade.svg 11'
R. Baggio Soccerball shade.svg 84' (pen.)
Report Salas Soccerball shade.svg 45+3', 48'
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: Lucien Bouchardeau (Niger)
Cameroon  Flag of Cameroon.svg1–1Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
Njanka Soccerball shade.svg 77' Report Polster Soccerball shade.svg 90+1'
Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
Attendance: 33,500
Referee: Epifanio González (Paraguay)

Chile  Flag of Chile.svg1–1Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
Salas Soccerball shade.svg 70' Report Vastić Soccerball shade.svg 90+2'
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg3–0Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon
Di Biagio Soccerball shade.svg 7'
Vieri Soccerball shade.svg 75', 89'
Report
Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier
Attendance: 29,800
Referee: Eddie Lennie (Australia)

Italy  Flag of Italy.svg2–1Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
Vieri Soccerball shade.svg 48'
R. Baggio Soccerball shade.svg 90'
Report Herzog Soccerball shade.svg 90+2' (pen.)
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 80,000
Referee: Paul Durkin (England)
Chile  Flag of Chile.svg1–1Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon
Sierra Soccerball shade.svg 20' Report M'Boma Soccerball shade.svg 56'
Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
Attendance: 35,500
Referee: László Vágner (Hungary)

Group C

France, the host nation, swept Group C when the start of their path to their first FIFA World Cup trophy culminated with their 2–1 win over Denmark, who despite their loss, progressed to the second round. Saudi Arabia, after a good performance four years earlier, finished bottom with only one point. Debutant South Africa grabbed two points and also exited at the group stage.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of France.svg  France (H)330091+89Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 31113304
3Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 30213632
4Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 30122751
Source: FIFA
(H) Host
Saudi Arabia  Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg0–1Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Report Rieper Soccerball shade.svg 69'
Stade Félix Bollaert, Lens
Attendance: 38,100
Referee: Javier Castrilli (Argentina)
France  Flag of France.svg3–0Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Dugarry Soccerball shade.svg 36'
Issa Soccerball shade.svg 77' (o.g.)
Henry Soccerball shade.svg 90+2'
Report

South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg1–1Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
McCarthy Soccerball shade.svg 51' Report Nielsen Soccerball shade.svg 12'
Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
Attendance: 33,500
Referee: John Toro Rendón (Colombia)
France  Flag of France.svg4–0Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia
Henry Soccerball shade.svg 37', 78'
Trezeguet Soccerball shade.svg 68'
Lizarazu Soccerball shade.svg 85'
Report

France  Flag of France.svg2–1Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Djorkaeff Soccerball shade.svg 12' (pen.)
Petit Soccerball shade.svg 56'
Report M. Laudrup Soccerball shade.svg 42' (pen.)
Stade Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Pierluigi Collina (Italy)
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg2–2Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia
Bartlett Soccerball shade.svg 18', 90+3' (pen.) Report Al-Jaber Soccerball shade.svg 45+2' (pen.)
Al-Thunayan Soccerball shade.svg 74' (pen.)
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: Mario Sánchez (Chile)

Group D

Nigeria and Paraguay advanced to the Round of 16 after a surprise elimination of top seed Spain, while Bulgaria failed to repeat their surprise performance from the previous tournament.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 32015506Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay 312031+25
3Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 311184+44
4Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 30121761
Source: FIFA
Paraguay  Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg0–0Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Report
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg2–3Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
Hierro Soccerball shade.svg 21'
Raúl Soccerball shade.svg 47'
Report Adepoju Soccerball shade.svg 24'
Zubizarreta Soccerball shade.svg 73' (o.g.)
Oliseh Soccerball shade.svg 78'

Nigeria  Flag of Nigeria.svg1–0Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Ikpeba Soccerball shade.svg 28' Report
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Mario Sánchez Yantén (Chile)
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg0–0Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay
Report

Nigeria  Flag of Nigeria.svg1–3Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay
Oruma Soccerball shade.svg 11' Report Ayala Soccerball shade.svg 1'
Benítez Soccerball shade.svg 58'
Cardozo Soccerball shade.svg 86'
Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
Attendance: 33,500
Referee: Pirom Un-prasert (Thailand)
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg6–1Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Hierro Soccerball shade.svg 6' (pen.)
Luis Enrique Soccerball shade.svg 18'
Morientes Soccerball shade.svg 55', 81'
Bachev Soccerball shade.svg 88' (o.g.)
Kiko Soccerball shade.svg 90+4'
Report Kostadinov Soccerball shade.svg 58'

Group E

The Netherlands and Mexico advanced with the same record (The Netherlands placed first on goal difference); Belgium and eventual 2002 FIFA World Cup co-hosts South Korea failed to advance.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 312072+55Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 312075+25
3Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 30303303
4Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 30122971
Source: FIFA
South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg1–3Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Ha Seok-ju Soccerball shade.svg 27' Report Peláez Soccerball shade.svg 50'
Hernández Soccerball shade.svg 75', 84'
Stade de Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Günter Benkö (Austria)
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg0–0Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Report
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 77,000
Referee: Pierluigi Collina (Italy)

Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg2–2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Wilmots Soccerball shade.svg 42', 47' Report García Aspe Soccerball shade.svg 55' (pen.)
Blanco Soccerball shade.svg 62'
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: Hugh Dallas (Scotland)
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg5–0Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea
Cocu Soccerball shade.svg 37'
Overmars Soccerball shade.svg 41'
Bergkamp Soccerball shade.svg 71'
Van Hooijdonk Soccerball shade.svg 80'
R. de Boer Soccerball shade.svg 83'
Report
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 55,000
Referee: Ryszard Wójcik (Poland)

Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg2–2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Cocu Soccerball shade.svg 4'
R. de Boer Soccerball shade.svg 18'
Report Peláez Soccerball shade.svg 75'
Hernández Soccerball shade.svg 90+4'
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg1–1Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea
Nilis Soccerball shade.svg 7' Report Yoo Sang-Chul Soccerball shade.svg 72'

Group F

Germany and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia advanced, each with 7 points (Germany took 1st through goal differential tiebreak). Iran and 1994 host United States failed to advance.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 321062+47Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  FR Yugoslavia 321042+27
3Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 31022423
4Flag of the United States.svg  United States 30031540
Source: FIFA
FR Yugoslavia  Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg1–0Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
Mihajlović Soccerball shade.svg 73' Report
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg2–0Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States
Möller Soccerball shade.svg 10'
Klinsmann Soccerball shade.svg 67'
Report
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Said Belqola (Morocco)

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg2–2Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  FR Yugoslavia
Mihajlović Soccerball shade.svg 72' (o.g.)
Bierhoff Soccerball shade.svg 78'
Report Mijatović Soccerball shade.svg 13'
Stojković Soccerball shade.svg 52'
Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
Attendance: 38,100
Referee: Kim Milton Nielsen (Denmark)
United States  Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg1–2Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
McBride Soccerball shade.svg 87' Report Estili Soccerball shade.svg 41'
Mahdavikia Soccerball shade.svg 83'
Stade de Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Urs Meier (Switzerland)

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg2–0Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
Bierhoff Soccerball shade.svg 50'
Klinsmann Soccerball shade.svg 57'
Report
United States  Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg0–1Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  FR Yugoslavia
Report Komljenović Soccerball shade.svg 3'
Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
Attendance: 35,500
Referee: Gamal Al-Ghandour (Egypt)

Group G

Romania and England became Group G top finishers as Colombia and Tunisia were unable to reach the last 16, despite Colombia having one win.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 321042+27Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of England.svg  England 320152+36
3Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 31021323
4Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia 30121431
Source: FIFA
England  Flag of England.svg2–0Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia
Shearer Soccerball shade.svg 42'
Scholes Soccerball shade.svg 89'
Report
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 54,587
Referee: Masayoshi Okada (Japan)
Romania  Flag of Romania.svg1–0Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
Ilie Soccerball shade.svg 45+1' Report
Stade de Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Lim Kee Chong (Mauritius)

Colombia  Flag of Colombia.svg1–0Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia
Preciado Soccerball shade.svg 82' Report
Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier
Attendance: 29,800
Referee: Bernd Heynemann (Germany)
Romania  Flag of Romania.svg2–1Flag of England.svg  England
Moldovan Soccerball shade.svg 46'
Petrescu Soccerball shade.svg 90'
Report Owen Soccerball shade.svg 81'
Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
Attendance: 33,500
Referee: Marc Batta (France)

Colombia  Flag of Colombia.svg0–2Flag of England.svg  England
Report Anderton Soccerball shade.svg 20'
Beckham Soccerball shade.svg 29'
Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
Attendance: 38,100
Referee: Arturo Brizio Carter (Mexico)
Romania  Flag of Romania.svg1–1Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia
Moldovan Soccerball shade.svg 71' Report Souayah Soccerball shade.svg 12' (pen.)
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 77,000
Referee: Eddie Lennie (Australia)

Group H

Argentina and World Cup debutants Croatia finished at the top of Group H. Two other debutants, Jamaica and Japan, failed to advance.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 330070+79Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 320142+26
3Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 31023963
4Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan 30031430
Source: FIFA
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg1–0Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
Batistuta Soccerball shade.svg 28' Report
Jamaica  Flag of Jamaica.svg1–3Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Earle Soccerball shade.svg 45' Report Stanić Soccerball shade.svg 27'
Prosinečki Soccerball shade.svg 53'
Šuker Soccerball shade.svg 69'

Japan  Flag of Japan.svg0–1Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Report Šuker Soccerball shade.svg 77'
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg5–0Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Ortega Soccerball shade.svg 31', 55'
Batistuta Soccerball shade.svg 73', 78', 83' (pen.)
Report
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Rune Pedersen (Norway)

Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg1–0Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Pineda Soccerball shade.svg 36' Report
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: Said Belqola (Morocco)
Japan  Flag of Japan.svg1–2Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Nakayama Soccerball shade.svg 74' Report Whitmore Soccerball shade.svg 39', 54'
Stade Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Günter Benkö (Austria)

Knockout stage

The knockout stage comprised the 16 teams that advanced from the group stage of the tournament. For each game in the knockout stage, any draw at 90 minutes was followed by 30 minutes of extra time; if scores were still level, there was a penalty shoot-out to determine who progressed to the next round. Golden goal comes into play if a team scores during extra time, thus becoming the winner which concludes the game.

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
27 June – Paris
 
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4
 
3 July – Nantes
 
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 1
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3
 
28 June – Saint-Denis
 
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 2
 
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 1
 
7 July – Marseille
 
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 4
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil (p)1 (4)
 
29 June – Toulouse
 
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1 (2)
 
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2
 
4 July – Marseille
 
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  FR Yugoslavia 1
 
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2
 
30 June – Saint-Étienne
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina (p)2 (4)
 
12 July – Saint-Denis
 
Flag of England.svg  England 2 (3)
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0
 
27 June – Marseille
 
Flag of France.svg  France 3
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1
 
3 July – Saint-Denis
 
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 0
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 0 (3)
 
28 June – Lens
 
Flag of France.svg  France (p)0 (4)
 
Flag of France.svg  France (a.s.d.e.t.)1
 
8 July – Saint-Denis
 
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay 0
 
Flag of France.svg  France 2
 
29 June – Montpellier
 
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 1 Third place
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2
 
4 July – Lyon 11 July – Paris
 
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1
 
30 June – Bordeaux
 
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 3Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 2
 
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 0
 
 
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 1
 

Round of 16

Italy  Flag of Italy.svg1–0Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Vieri Soccerball shade.svg 18' Report
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 55,000
Referee: Bernd Heynemann (Germany)

Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg4–1Flag of Chile.svg  Chile
César Sampaio Soccerball shade.svg 11', 26'
Ronaldo Soccerball shade.svg 45+3' (pen.), 72'
Report Salas Soccerball shade.svg 70'
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Marc Batta (France)

France  Flag of France.svg1–0 (a.e.t.)Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay
Blanc Soccerball shade gold.svg 114' Report

Nigeria  Flag of Nigeria.svg1–4Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Babangida Soccerball shade.svg 77' Report Møller Soccerball shade.svg 3'
B. Laudrup Soccerball shade.svg 12'
Sand Soccerball shade.svg 58'
Helveg Soccerball shade.svg 76'
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 77,000
Referee: Urs Meier (Switzerland)

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg2–1Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Klinsmann Soccerball shade.svg 74'
Bierhoff Soccerball shade.svg 86'
Report Hernández Soccerball shade.svg 47'

Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg2–1Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  FR Yugoslavia
Bergkamp Soccerball shade.svg 38'
Davids Soccerball shade.svg 90+2'
Report Komljenović Soccerball shade.svg 48'

Romania  Flag of Romania.svg0–1Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Report Šuker Soccerball shade.svg 45+2' (pen.)
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: Javier Castrilli (Argentina)

Quarter-finals


Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg3–2Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Bebeto Soccerball shade.svg 10'
Rivaldo Soccerball shade.svg 25', 59'
Report Jørgensen Soccerball shade.svg 2'
B. Laudrup Soccerball shade.svg 50'
Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
Attendance: 35,500
Referee: Gamal Al-Ghandour (Egypt)

Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg2–1Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Kluivert Soccerball shade.svg 12'
Bergkamp Soccerball shade.svg 90'
Report López Soccerball shade.svg 17'
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 55,000
Referee: Arturo Brizio Carter (Mexico)

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg0–3Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Report Jarni Soccerball shade.svg 45+3'
Vlaović Soccerball shade.svg 80'
Šuker Soccerball shade.svg 85'
Stade de Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Rune Pedersen (Norway)

Semi-finals


France  Flag of France.svg2–1Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Thuram Soccerball shade.svg 47', 70' Report Šuker Soccerball shade.svg 46'

Third place play-off

Croatia beat the Netherlands to earn third place in the competition. Davor Šuker scored the winner in the 35th minute to secure the golden boot. [25]

Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg1–2Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Zenden Soccerball shade.svg 22' Report Prosinečki Soccerball shade.svg 14'
Šuker Soccerball shade.svg 36'
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Epifanio González (Paraguay)

Final

The final was held on 12 July 1998 at the Stade de France, Saint-Denis. France defeated holders Brazil 3–0, with two goals from Zinedine Zidane and a stoppage time strike from Emmanuel Petit. The win gave France their first World Cup title, becoming the sixth national team after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina to win the tournament on their home soil. They also inflicted the second-heaviest World Cup defeat on Brazil, [26] later to be topped by Brazil's 7–1 defeat by Germany in the semi-finals of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. [27]

The pre-match build up was dominated by the omission of Brazilian striker Ronaldo from the starting lineup only to be reinstated 45 minutes before kick-off. [28] He managed to create the first open chance for Brazil in the 22nd minute, dribbling past defender Thuram before sending a cross out on the left side that goalkeeper Fabien Barthez struggled to hold onto. France however took the lead after Brazilian defender Roberto Carlos conceded a corner from which Zidane scored via a header. Three minutes before half-time, Zidane scored his second goal of the match, similarly another header from a corner. The tournament hosts went down to ten men in the 68th minute as Marcel Desailly was sent off for a second bookable offence. Brazil reacted to this by making an attacking substitution and although they applied pressure France sealed the win with a third goal: substitute Patrick Vieira set up his club teammate Petit in a counterattack to shoot low past goalkeeper Cláudio Taffarel. [29]

French president Jacques Chirac was in attendance to congratulate and commiserate the winners and runners-up respectively after the match. [30] Several days after the victory, winning manager Aimé Jacquet announced his resignation from the French team with immediate effect. [31] [32]

Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg0–3Flag of France.svg  France
Report Zidane Soccerball shade.svg 27', 45+1'
Petit Soccerball shade.svg 90+3'
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 80,000
Referee: Said Belqola (Morocco)

Statistics

Goalscorers

Davor Šuker received the Golden Boot for scoring six goals. In total, 171 goals were scored by 112 players:

6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Awards

Golden Ball Award Golden Shoe Award Yashin Award FIFA Fair Play Trophy Most Entertaining Team
Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo Flag of Croatia.svg Davor Šuker Flag of France.svg Fabien Barthez Flag of England.svg  England
Flag of France.svg  France
Flag of France.svg  France

Players who were red-carded during the tournament

All-star team

The All-star team is a squad consisting of the 16 most impressive players at the 1998 World Cup, as selected by FIFA's Technical Study Group. [33]

GoalkeepersDefendersMidfieldersForwards

Flag of France.svg Fabien Barthez
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg José Luis Chilavert

Flag of Brazil.svg Roberto Carlos
Flag of France.svg Marcel Desailly
Flag of France.svg Lilian Thuram
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Frank de Boer
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg Carlos Gamarra

Flag of Brazil.svg Dunga
Flag of Brazil.svg Rivaldo
Flag of Denmark.svg Michael Laudrup
Flag of France.svg Zinedine Zidane
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Edgar Davids

Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo
Flag of Croatia.svg Davor Šuker
Flag of Denmark.svg Brian Laudrup
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dennis Bergkamp

Final standings

After the tournament, FIFA published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 1998 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition and overall results. [34]

RTeamGPWDLGFGAGDPts.
1Flag of France.svg  France C 7610152+1319
2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil A 74121410+413
3Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia H 7502115+615
4Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands E 7331137+612
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5Flag of Italy.svg  Italy B 532083+511
6Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina H 5311104+610
7Flag of Germany.svg  Germany F 531186+210
8Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark C 521297+27
Eliminated in the round of 16
9Flag of England.svg  England G 421174+37
10Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  FR Yugoslavia F 421154+17
11Flag of Romania.svg  Romania G 421143+17
12Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria D 420269−36
13Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico E 412187+15
14Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay D 412132+15
15Flag of Norway.svg  Norway A 41215505
16Flag of Chile.svg  Chile B 403158−33
Eliminated in the group stage
17Flag of Spain.svg  Spain D 311184+44
18Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco A 31115504
19Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium E 30303303
20Flag of Iran.svg  Iran F 310224−23
21Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia G 310213−23
22Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica H 310239−63
23Flag of Austria.svg  Austria B 302134−12
24Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa C 302136−32
25Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon B 302125−32
26Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia G 301214−31
27Flag of Scotland (traditional).svg  Scotland A 301226−41
28Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia C 301227−51
29Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria D 301217−61
30Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea E 301229−71
31Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan H 300314−30
32Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States F 300315−40

Symbols

Footix, the official mascot of the tournament France98mascot.png
Footix, the official mascot of the tournament

Mascot

The official mascot was Footix, a rooster first presented in May 1996. [35] It was created by graphic designer Fabrice Pialot and selected from a shortlist of five mascots. [36] Research carried out about the choice of having a cockerel as a mascot was greatly received: 91% associated it immediately with France, the traditional symbol of the nation. [35] Footix, the name chosen by French television viewers, is a portmanteau of "football" and the ending "-ix" from the popular Astérix comic strip. [35] The mascot's colours reflect those of the host nation's flag and home strip – blue for the jump suit, a red crest and with the words 'France 98' coloured in white.

Official song

The official song of the 1998 FIFA World Cup was "The Cup of Life," aka "La Copa de la Vida" recorded by Ricky Martin. [37] [38]

Match ball

The match ball for the 1998 World Cup, manufactured by Adidas was named the Tricolore, meaning 'three-coloured' in French. [39] It was the eighth World Cup match ball made for the tournament by the German company and was the first in the series to be multi-coloured. [40] The tricolour flag and cockerel, traditional symbols of France were used as inspiration for the design. [40]

Marketing

Sponsorship

The sponsors of the 1998 FIFA World Cup are divided into two categories: FIFA World Cup Sponsors and France Supporters. [41] [42]

FIFA World Cup sponsors France Supporters
Coca-Cola was one of the sponsors of FIFA World Cup 1998. Coca cola world cup 1998.jpg
Coca-Cola was one of the sponsors of FIFA World Cup 1998.

The absence of Budweiser (which was one of the sponsors in the previous two World Cups) is notable due to the Evin law, which forbids alcohol-related sponsorship in France, including in sports events (and thus, being replaced by Casio). [65]

Broadcasting

FIFA, through several companies, sold the broadcasting rights for the 1998 FIFA World Cup to many broadcasters. In the UK BBC and ITV had the broadcasting rights. The pictures and audio of the competition were supplied to the TV and radio channels by the company TVRS 98, the broadcaster of the tournament. [66]

The World Cup matches were broadcast in 200 countries. 818 photographers were credited for the tournament. In every match, a stand was reserved for the press. The number of places granted to them reached its maximum in the final, when 1,750 reporters and 110 TV commentators were present in the stand. [67]

Video games

In most of the world, the official video game was, World Cup 98 released by EA Sports on 13 March 1998 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation, Nintendo 64 and the Game Boy. It was the first international football game developed by Electronic Arts since obtaining the rights from FIFA in 1997 and received mostly favourable reviews. [68] [69] [70]

In Japan, Konami was granted the FIFA World Cup licence and produced two distinct video games: Jikkyou World Soccer: World Cup France 98 by KCEO for the Nintendo 64, and World Soccer Jikkyou Winning Eleven 3: World Cup France '98 by KCET for the PlayStation. These games were released in the rest of the world as International Superstar Soccer '98 and International Superstar Soccer Pro '98, without the official FIFA World Cup licence, branding or real player names.

Also in Japan, Sega was granted the FIFA World Cup licence to produce the Saturn video game World Cup '98 France: Road to Win.

Many other video games, including World League Soccer 98 , Actua Soccer 2 and Neo Geo Cup '98: The Road to the Victory were released in the buildup to the 1998 World Cup and evidently were based on the tournament. FIFA: Road to World Cup 98 , also by EA Sports focused on the qualification stage.

Legacy

Honorary FIFA President João Havelange praised France's hosting of the World Cup, describing the tournament as one that would "remain with me forever, as I am sure they will remain with everyone who witnessed this unforgettable competition". [71] Lennart Johansson, the chairman of the organising committee for the World Cup and President of UEFA added that France provided "subject matter of a quality that made the world hold its breath". [72]

Cour des Comptes, the quasi-judicial body of the French government released its report on the organisation of the 1998 World Cup in 2000. [73]

See also

Related Research Articles

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