1970 FIFA World Cup

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1970 FIFA World Cup
Copa Mundial de Fútbol México 70
1970 FIFA World Cup.svg
1970 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countryMexico
Dates31 May – 21 June 1970 (22 days)
Teams16 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)5 (in 5 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil (3rd title)
Runners-upFlag of Italy.svg  Italy
Third placeFlag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Fourth placeFlag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay
Tournament statistics
Matches played32
Goals scored95 (2.97 per match)
Attendance1,604,065 (50,127 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Germany.svg Gerd Müller (10 goals)
Best young player Flag of Peru.svg Teófilo Cubillas
Fair play awardFlag of Peru (state).svg  Peru
1966
1974

The 1970 FIFA World Cup was the ninth FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football championship for men's national teams. Held from 31 May to 21 June in Mexico, it was the first World Cup tournament staged in North America, and the first held outside Europe and South America. Teams representing 75 nations from all six populated continents entered the competition, and its qualification rounds began in May 1968. Fourteen teams qualified from this process to join host nation Mexico and defending champions England in the 16-team final tournament. El Salvador, Israel and Morocco made their first appearances at the final stage.

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

Association football team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

A total of 75 teams entered the 1970 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds, competing for a total of 16 spots in the final tournament. Hosts Mexico and defending champions England qualified automatically, leaving 14 spots open for competition.

Contents

The tournament was won by Brazil, which defeated another two-time former champion, Italy, 4–1 in the final in Mexico City. The win gave Brazil its third World Cup title, which allowed them to permanently keep the Jules Rimet Trophy, and a new trophy was introduced in 1974. The victorious team, led by Carlos Alberto and featuring players such as Pelé, Gérson, Jairzinho, Rivellino, and Tostão, is often cited as the greatest-ever World Cup team. [1] [2] [3] [4] They achieved a perfect record of wins in all six games in the finals, as well as winning all their qualifying fixtures. [5]

The Brazil national football team represents Brazil in international men's association football. Brazil is administered by the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF), the governing body for football in Brazil. They have been a member of FIFA since 1923 and member of CONMEBOL since 1916.

Italy national football team mens national association football team representing Italy

The Italy national football team has officially represented Italy in association football since their first match in 1910. The squad is under the global jurisdiction of FIFA and is governed in Europe by UEFA—the latter of which was co-founded by the Italian team's supervising body, the Italian Football Federation (FIGC). Italy's home matches are played at various stadiums throughout Italy, and their primary training ground is located at the FIGC headquarters in Coverciano, Florence.

1970 FIFA World Cup Final association football match

The 1970 FIFA World Cup Final was held on Sunday, 21 June, in the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City, to determine the winner of the 1970 FIFA World Cup. This final, between Brazil and Italy, marked the first time that two former world champions met in a final; Italy had previously won the World Cup in 1934 and 1938, while Brazil won in 1958 and 1962.

Despite the issues of altitude and high temperature, [6] the finals largely produced attacking football which created an average goals per game record not since bettered by any subsequent World Cup Finals. [7] [8] [9] With the advancements in satellite communications, the 1970 Finals attracted a new record television audience for the FIFA World Cup as games were broadcast live around the world [10] and, for the first time, in colour. [11] [12]

Host selection

Argentina, Australia, Colombia, Japan, Mexico and Peru were all considered to host the 1970 FIFA World Cup. Mexico was chosen as the host nation in 1964 through a vote at FIFA's congress in Tokyo on 8 October, ahead of the only other submitted bid from Argentina. [13] The tournament became the first World Cup hosted in North America, and the first to be staged outside South America and Europe; Mexico later became the first country to host the FIFA World Cup twice when it stepped in to stage the 1986 event after the original host selection, Colombia, suffered financial problems. [13]

Tokyo Metropolis in Kantō

Tokyo, officially Tokyo Metropolis, one of the 47 prefectures of Japan, has served as the Japanese capital since 1869. As of 2014, the Greater Tokyo Area ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world. The urban area houses the seat of the Emperor of Japan, of the Japanese government and of the National Diet. Tokyo forms part of the Kantō region on the southeastern side of Japan's main island, Honshu, and includes the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands. Tokyo was formerly named Edo when Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city his headquarters in 1603. It became the capital after Emperor Meiji moved his seat to the city from Kyoto in 1868; at that time Edo was renamed Tokyo. Tokyo Metropolis formed in 1943 from the merger of the former Tokyo Prefecture and the city of Tokyo. Tokyo is often referred to as a city but is officially known and governed as a "metropolitan prefecture", which differs from and combines elements of a city and a prefecture, a characteristic unique to Tokyo.

1986 FIFA World Cup 1986 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1986 FIFA World Cup, the 13th FIFA World Cup, was held in Mexico from 31 May to 29 June 1986. The tournament was the second to feature a 24-team format. With European nations not allowed to host after the previous World Cup in Spain, Colombia had been originally chosen to host the competition by FIFA but, largely due to economic reasons, was not able to do so and officially resigned in 1982. Mexico was selected as the new host in May 1983, thus becoming the first country to host the World Cup more than once. This was the third FIFA World Cup tournament in succession that was hosted by a Spanish-speaking country, after Argentina 1978, and Spain 1982.

Qualification

Nation qualified for World Cup
Nation failed to qualify
Nation did not enter World Cup
Nation not a FIFA member in 1970 1970 world cup qualification.png
  Nation qualified for World Cup
  Nation failed to qualify
  Nation did not enter World Cup
  Nation not a FIFA member in 1970

A total of 75 teams entered the 1970 FIFA World Cup, and 73 were required to qualify. Due to rejected entries and withdrawals, 68 teams eventually participated in the qualifying stages, including eight for the first time. [14] [15] Mexico as the host nation and England as reigning World Cup champions were granted automatic qualification, with the remaining 14 finals places divided among the continental confederations. [14]

Mexico national football team mens national association football team representing Mexico

The Mexico national football team represents Mexico in international football and is governed by the Mexican Football Federation. It competes as a member of CONCACAF, which encompasses the countries of North and Central America, and the Caribbean. The team plays its home games at the Estadio Azteca.

England national football team Mens association football team representing England

The England national football team represents England in senior men's international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England.

Eight places were available to teams from UEFA (Europe), three for CONMEBOL (South America), one for CAF (Africa), one for a team from either the AFC or the OFC (Asia/Oceania), and one for CONCACAF (North and Central America and Caribbean). [14] A place in the finals for an African representative was guaranteed for the first time, as a response to the mass boycott of the qualifying process for 1966 by the African entrants after FIFA linked Africa, Asia and Oceania together with only one qualifying place on offer. [16] [17] [18]

UEFA international sport governing body

The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football, futsal and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.

CONMEBOL governing body of association football in South America

The South American Football Confederation is the continental governing body of football in South America and it is one of FIFA's six continental confederations. The oldest continental confederation in the world, its headquarters are located in Luque, Paraguay, near Asunción. CONMEBOL is responsible for the organization and governance of South American football's major international tournaments. With 10 member football associations, it has the fewest members of all the confederations in FIFA.

Confederation of African Football governing body of association football in Africa

The Confederation of African Football or CAF is the administrative and controlling body for African association football.

The draw for the qualifying stages was conducted on 1 February 1968 in Casablanca, Morocco, [15] with matches beginning in May 1968 and the final fixtures being concluded in December 1969. North Korea, quarter-finalists at the previous tournament, were disqualified during the process after refusing to play in Israel for political reasons. [19] [20] El Salvador qualified for the finals after beating Honduras in a play-off match, which was the catalyst for a four-day conflict in July 1969 known as the Football War. [21]

Half of the eventual qualifying teams had also been present at the previous World Cup, but three teams qualified for the first time: El Salvador, Israel and Morocco, while Peru, Romania, Belgium and Sweden made their first World Cup appearances since 1930, 1938, 1954 and 1958 respectively. Czechoslovakia was also back after missing the 1966 World Cup. [22] [23] Those who failed to qualify included Argentina (in their only qualifying failure as of 2018), France, Hungary, 1966 Semi-Finalists Portugal and Spain.

List of qualified teams

The following 16 teams qualified for the final tournament.

Venues

Five stadiums in five cities were selected to host the World Cup matches. Alternative venues in Hidalgo state and the port city of Veracruz were also considered. [24] Each group was based solely in one city with exception of Group 2, which was staged in both Puebla and Toluca. Aside from the Estadio Luis Dosal, all the stadia had only been constructed during the 1960s, as Mexico prepared to host both the World Cup and the 1968 Summer Olympics. [25]

The altitude of the venues varied and the importance of acclimatisation was strongly considered by all the participating teams. As a result, in contrast to the previous tournament staged in England, most teams arrived in the region well in advance of their opening fixtures to prepare for this factor. [26] [27] Some teams had already experienced the local conditions when competing in the football competition at 1968 Summer Olympics. [9] At an elevation in excess of 2,660 metres (8,730 ft) above sea level, Toluca was the highest of the venues; Guadalajara was the lowest at 1,500 m (4,920 ft). In addition to the altitude, all five locations had hot and rainy weather where temperatures would regularly go past 32°C (90°F).

Of the five stadia used for the 32 matches played, the largest and most used venue was the Azteca Stadium in Mexico City, which hosted 10 total matches including the final and third place matches, and all of Group 1's matches (which included all of host Mexico's matches). The Jalisco Stadium in Guadalajara hosted eight matches including all of Group 3's matches and a semi-final. The Nou Camp Stadium in Leon hosted seven matches, which consisted of all of Group 4's matches and a quarter-final match. The Luis Dosal stadium in Toluca hosted four matches, and Cuauhtémoc stadium in Puebla hosted three matches and was the only stadium of the five used for this tournament not to host any knockout rounds.

Mexico City
Estadio Azteca
Capacity: 107,247
Panorama Estadio Azteca football game Club America.jpg
Guadalajara
1970 FIFA World Cup (Mexico)
Puebla
Estadio Jalisco Estadio Cuauhtémoc
Capacity: 71,100Capacity: 35,563
Estadio jalisco.jpg Puebla FC vs Leon FC.jpg
Toluca León
Estadio Luis Dosal Estadio Nou Camp
Capacity: 26,900Capacity: 23,609
Nemesio diez.JPG EstadioLeon.jpg

Final draw

Although it was reported in the build-up to the final draw that seedings would be used, as had been the case at the previous two World Cup Finals, [28] [29] the FIFA Organising Committee ultimately announced that there would be no seeding of teams. [30] Instead, the 16 teams were divided into four 'geographical groupings', which also took into account the teams' strengths and even political considerations; [31] the system ensured that Israel and Morocco would not be drawn to face each other after Morocco had earlier threatened to withdraw from the tournament, as they had done from the Olympic football tournament two years earlier, [32] if that were the case. [33]

Pot 1: European IPot 2: AmericasPot 3: European IIPot 4: Rest of the World

The draw was staged in Mexico City, Mexico on 10 January 1970 in the Maria Isabel Hotel, which served as FIFA's headquarters during the competition. [34] The teams were drawn into the four groups, which had their locations defined in advance: Group 1 being staged in Mexico City, Group 2 in Puebla and Toluca, Group 3 in Guadalajara and Group 4 in León. It was predetermined that the hosts Mexico would be in Group 1 and so based in the capital city, and that England as holders would be based in Guadalajara, the tournament's second largest stadium. [35] The 10-year-old daughter of Guillermo Cañedo, President of the Mexican Football Federation and the Local Organising Committee, drew out the teams from four silver cups. [36] [37]

Match officials

Squads

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1970 FIFA World Cup squads .

Tournament review

Juanito was the official tournament mascot. 1970 FIFA World Cup mascot.png
Juanito was the official tournament mascot.

Group stage

Following the opening ceremony host nation Mexico faced the Soviet Union; this was the last time until the 2006 World Cup that the host nation's first match rather than the World Cup holders' began the tournament. [38] Both this opening match of Group 1 and many others during the competition kicked off at noon for the benefit of European television schedules, meaning play under the midday sun. [11] The match produced a goalless draw, prompting some media to predict the entire tournament would be played at the slow tempo that featured in this game given the conditions involved. [39] [40] Following the half-time interval Anatoliy Puzach became the first substitute to be used in FIFA World Cup history as the Soviets made use of the new competition rule. [22] Both teams won their remaining two games to progress from the group at the expense of Belgium and World Cup debutants El Salvador.

Group 2 was the lowest-scoring of the groups with only six goals in its six matches as Uruguay, reigning South America champions,and Italy, the reigning European champions, edged past Sweden and Israel. Sweden would have progressed if they had produced a two-goal victory against Uruguay in their final game, but it was not until the final minute that they scored the only goal of the game. [41] Hours before the game FIFA elected to replace the scheduled referee after bribery rumours – later dismissed by FIFA [42] – arose in Mexico. [43] The 1–0 result meant Uruguay advanced, to be joined by Italy after they avoided defeat in the group finale against Israel. [44]

Owing to the lack of a seeding system, Group 3 allowed the reigning World Cup holders England to be paired together with the two-time former champion Brazil, considered by many the pre-tournament favourites for the trophy. [30] England's preparations were hampered by the arrest of their captain Bobby Moore in Colombia for allegedly stealing a bracelet from a jeweller's shop; [45] the charges were later dropped. [46] The attitude of their manager Alf Ramsey and the English media in general was perceived by many locals as unfriendly and xenophobic toward Mexico's hosting of the competition, which meant the English team received a largely hostile response during the competition. [35] [47] [48] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52]

With both having won their opening games – against Czechoslovakia and Romania, respectively [53] [54] – Brazil met England in the group's most famed match. [55] Although Gordon Banks in the English goal denied Pelé from close range with a reflex save that Pelé himself cited as the greatest of his career, [56] [57] a second half goal from Jairzinho won the match for Brazil, after which England squandered several excellent opportunities to equalise. [58] [59] Both teams then won their final group games to progress to the knockout stage. [60]

Play in Group 4 began with Bulgaria taking a two-goal lead against Peru, but a second half comeback gave the South Americans a 3–2 victory. [61] Morocco, the first African World Cup representatives since 1934, [16] also began strongly by taking the lead against the 1966 runners-up West Germany, but the Germans came back to win 2–1. [53] West Germany also went behind against Bulgaria in their second match, but a Gerd Müller hat-trick helped them recover and win 5–2; the eventual Golden Boot winner Müller hit another hat-trick – the only hat-tricks of the entire tournament. [62] – to win the group against Peru. [63]

Knockout stage

Quarter-finals

Mexico and the Soviet Union had finished tied at the top of Group 1 on both points and goal difference, meaning that the drawing of lots was required to rank them. On 12 June, the draw allocated the Soviet Union the group winners' berth, meaning that they would face Uruguay at the Estadio Azteca, while the host nation were paired against Italy in the smaller Toluca venue. [42] [64] Mexican officials unsuccessfully appealed to FIFA to stage their game in the capital to avoid traffic problems. [42] The hosts took the lead against Italy with a José Luis González goal, but his teammate Javier Guzmán equalised with an own goal before half-time. Italy then dominated the second half to progress to the semi-finals with a 4–1 win. [65] The Soviet Union were also eliminated in their quarter-final when a Víctor Espárrago header three minutes from the end of extra-time sent Uruguay through. [66] The Soviets believed that during the Uruguay attack a ball had crossed touchline and stopped playing while their opponents continued playing and scored.

Official poster WorldCup1970lposter.jpg
Official poster

The all-South America tie in Guadalajara was the highest-scoring of the four quarter-finals as Brazil recorded a 4–2 triumph over Peru. A rematch of the previous World Cup final between England and West Germany took place in León, in which the reigning champions entered a two-goal lead. Franz Beckenbauer halved the deficit when his low shot beat England's second choice goalkeeper Peter Bonetti, playing after Gordon Banks suffered food poisoning the day before. [67] [68] Eight minutes from time an Uwe Seeler header levelled the score. At 2–2, however, Hurst had a legitimate goal ruled out for offside. [69] An extra-time goal from Gerd Müller brought (West) Germany's first-ever competitive victory over England. [70] [71] The national embarrassment of losing against Germany is believed to have played a significant role in the surprise defeat of Harold Wilson's government in the United Kingdom general election, 1970 four days later. [72]

Semi-finals

All four of the semi-finalists were former world champions, with the line-up guaranteeing a final between Europe and South America. In the all-South American tie, controversially switched from the capital to the lower altitude of Guadalajara, [73] Brazil came from behind to defeat Uruguay 3–1 and earn the right to contest their fourth World Cup Final. Two Brazilian goals in the final 15 minutes decided a match that had been evenly-matched until that point. [74] The all-European meeting between Italy and West Germany produced a match regarded by many as one of the greatest World Cup games of all time. Having led from the eighth minute through Roberto Boninsegna's strike, Italy were pegged back in injury time when sweeper Karl-Heinz Schnellinger scored his only international goal. [75] Extra-time brought five more goals as the lead swung between the two sides until Gianni Rivera gave the Azzurri a decisive 4–3 lead. [76] [77] The match subsequently became known as the "Game of the Century", and today has a monument outside the Estadio Azteca to commemorate it. [77] West Germany went on to defeat Uruguay 1–0 in the third-place match. [78]

Finals

In the final, Brazil opened the scoring when Pelé headed in a cross from Rivellino in the 18th minute, but Roberto Boninsegna equalised for Italy after a series of blunders in the Brazilian defence. [79] The match remained level until the 66th minute when a powerful shot from Gérson restored the Brazilians' lead. Further goals from Jairzinho and Carlos Alberto rewarded Brazil's attacking play and secured a 4–1 victory and a record third World Cup triumph, which earned them the right to permanently keep the Jules Rimet Trophy. [79] [80]

Legacy

Both the Brazilian team that were crowned champions of the 1970 World Cup and the tournament itself have become regarded as among the very finest in the history of the FIFA World Cup. [1] [2] [81] [82] In contrast to the more physical style of play that had dominated the previous two tournaments, the 1970 Finals are noted for the attacking play adopted by most teams. [7] [8] [9]

Adidas Telstar of 1974 Adidas Telstar.jpg
Adidas Telstar of 1974

For the first time at a World Cup Finals, referees could issue yellow and red cards (a system that is now commonplace at every level of football worldwide), [83] yet, in contrast to the previous tournaments (besides the 1950 edition) and all subsequent tournaments to date, no player was expelled from play. [84] The officiating of the opening match, commentated by some media as overly strict, [85] [86] [87] set a standard of discipline that instead helped protect skillful players in accordance with FIFA's stated wish. [52] [88] [89] The tournament's average of 2.97 goals per game set a level not since bettered.

The eventual champions Brazil, led by Carlos Alberto, and featuring Pelé, Clodoaldo, Gérson, Jairzinho, Rivellino, and Tostão, is often cited as the greatest-ever World Cup team. [1] [2] [3] [4] They won all of their six games on the way to the title, and had also won every one of their qualifying fixtures. [5] Jairzinho's feat of scoring in every finals match likewise has yet to be equalled. [90] Coach Mário Zagallo became the first man to win the World Cup as both a player (1958, 1962) and coach. [91]

This was the first World Cup to use the Telstar ball from Adidas (the Adidas firm has supplied every World Cup match ball starting with this one, and has continued to do so since), introduced as the Telstar Erlast for the 1968 European Football Championship. The Telstar was the first World Cup ball to use the now-familiar truncated icosahedron for its design, consisting of 12 black pentagonal and 20 white hexagonal panels. [92] [93] The 32-panel configuration had been introduced in 1962 by Select Sport, [94] [95] and was also used in the official logo for the 1970 World Cup. [96] The black-and-white pattern, to aid visibility on black and white television broadcasts (which was still commonplace then, as colour television was rare in many parts of the world), was also well established before the Telstar. [95] [97] The name came from the Telstar communications satellite, which was roughly spherical and dotted with solar panels, somewhat similar in appearance to the football. [92]

Merchandise

Forming a partnership with FIFA in 1970, Panini published its first FIFA World Cup sticker album for the 1970 World Cup, initiating a global craze for collecting and trading stickers. [98] [99] [100] In 2017, a complete 1970 World Cup Panini sticker album signed by Pelé sold for a record £10,450. [101] [102]

Results

Champion
Runner-up
Third place
Fourth place
Quarter-finals
Group stage 1970 world cup.png

Group stage

The first round, or group stage, saw the 16 teams divided into four groups of four teams. Each group was a round-robin of six games, where each team played one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams were awarded two points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams finishing first and second in each group qualified for the quarter-finals, while the bottom two teams in each group were eliminated from the tournament.

Tie-breaking criteria

  1. Greater number of points in all group matches
  2. Goal difference in all group matches (replacing the previous usage of goal average)
  3. Drawing of lots by the FIFA Organising Committee

Group 1

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 321061+55Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 321050+55
3Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 31024512
4Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 30030990
Source: FIFA
  • Note: Having finished level on both points and goal difference, the Soviet Union and Mexico were separated by the drawing of lots.
31 May 1970
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 0–0 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
3 June 1970
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 3–0 Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
6 June 1970
Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 4–1 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
7 June 1970
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 4–0 Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
10 June 1970
Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 2–0 Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
11 June 1970
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 1–0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

Group 2

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 312010+14Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 311121+13
3Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 31112203
4Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 30211322
Source: FIFA
2 June 1970
Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 2–0 Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
3 June 1970
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 1–0 Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
6 June 1970
Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 0–0 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
7 June 1970
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 1–1 Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
10 June 1970
Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 0–1 Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
11 June 1970
Israel  Flag of Israel.svg 0–0 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy

Group 3

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 330083+56Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of England.svg  England 320121+14
3Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania 31024512
4Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 30032750
Source: FIFA
2 June 1970
Romania  Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg 0–1 Flag of England.svg  England
3 June 1970
Czechoslovakia  Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 1–4 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
6 June 1970
Romania  Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg 2–1 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia
7 June 1970
England  Flag of England.svg 0–1 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
10 June 1970
Romania  Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg 2–3 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
11 June 1970
England  Flag of England.svg 1–0 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia

Group 4

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 3300104+66Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 320175+24
3Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg  Bulgaria 30125941
4Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 30122641
Source: FIFA
2 June 1970
Peru  Flag of Peru (state).svg 3–2 Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg  Bulgaria
3 June 1970
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–1 Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
6 June 1970
Peru  Flag of Peru (state).svg 3–0 Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
7 June 1970
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 5–2 Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg  Bulgaria
10 June 1970
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 3–1 Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru
11 June 1970
Bulgaria  Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg 1–1 Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

Knockout stage

The eight teams that had advanced from the group stage entered a single-elimination style tournament, which also featured a third place play-off contested between the two losing semi-finalists. In this knockout stage (including the final), if a match was level at the end of 90 minutes, extra time of two periods (15 minutes each) would be played. In matches prior to the final, if the score was still level after extra time then a coin toss by the referee would determine the winner. If the final was still level after 120 minutes' play then the match would instead be replayed at a later date.

 
Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
          
 
14 June – Mexico City
 
 
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 0
 
17 June – Guadalajara
 
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay (aet)1
 
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 1
 
14 June – Guadalajara
 
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 3
 
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 4
 
21 June – Mexico City
 
Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 2
 
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 4
 
14 June – Toluca
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 4
 
17 June – Mexico City
 
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy (aet)4
 
14 June – León
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 3 Third place
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany (aet)3
 
20 June – Mexico City
 
Flag of England.svg  England 2
 
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 0
 
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 1
 

All times listed local (UTC−6)

Quarter-finals

Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 0–1 (a.e.t.)Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay
Report Espárrago Soccerball shade.svg 117'
Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
Attendance: 26,085

Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 4–1 Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Guzmán Soccerball shade.svg 25' (o.g.)
Riva Soccerball shade.svg 63', 76'
Rivera Soccerball shade.svg 70'
Report González Soccerball shade.svg 13'
Attendance: 26,851

Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 4–2 Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru
Rivellino Soccerball shade.svg 11'
Tostão Soccerball shade.svg 15', 52'
Jairzinho Soccerball shade.svg 75'
Report Gallardo Soccerball shade.svg 28'
Cubillas Soccerball shade.svg 70'
Attendance: 54,233

West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 3–2 (a.e.t.)Flag of England.svg  England
Beckenbauer Soccerball shade.svg 68'
Seeler Soccerball shade.svg 82'
Müller Soccerball shade.svg 108'
Report Mullery Soccerball shade.svg 31'
Peters Soccerball shade.svg 49'

Semi-finals

Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 1–3 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
Cubilla Soccerball shade.svg 19' Report Clodoaldo Soccerball shade.svg 44'
Jairzinho Soccerball shade.svg 76'
Rivellino Soccerball shade.svg 89'

Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 4–3 (a.e.t.)Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Boninsegna Soccerball shade.svg 8'
Burgnich Soccerball shade.svg 98'
Riva Soccerball shade.svg 104'
Rivera Soccerball shade.svg 111'
Report Schnellinger Soccerball shade.svg 90'
Müller Soccerball shade.svg 94', 110'
Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
Attendance: 102,444

Match for third place

Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 0–1 Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Report Overath Soccerball shade.svg 26'
Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
Attendance: 104,403

Final

Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 4–1 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Pelé Soccerball shade.svg 18'
Gérson Soccerball shade.svg 66'
Jairzinho Soccerball shade.svg 71'
Carlos Alberto Soccerball shade.svg 86'
Report Boninsegna Soccerball shade.svg 37'
Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
Attendance: 107,412

Statistics

Goalscorers

With 10 goals, Gerd Müller was the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 95 goals were scored by 55 players, with only one of them credited as own goal.

10 goals

7 goals

5 goals

4 goals

3 goals

|}

2 goals

1 goal

1 own goal

Awards

FIFA retrospective ranking

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition. [22] [104] The rankings for the 1970 tournament were as follows:

RTeamGPWDLGFGAGDPts.
1Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 3 6600197+1212
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2 6321108+28
3Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 4 65011710+710
4Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 2 621345−15
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1 421162+45
6Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1 421164+25
7Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 4 42029904
8Flag of England.svg  England 3 42024404
Eliminated in the group stage
9Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 2 31112203
10Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 1 310245−12
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania 3 310245−12
12Flag of Israel.svg  Israel * 2 302113−22
13Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg  Bulgaria ** 4 301259−41
14Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 4 301226−41
15Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 3 300327−50
16Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 1 300309−90

* Listed as #13 in one of the sources [104]
** Listed as #12 in one of the sources [104]

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