1970 FIFA World Cup

Last updated

1970 FIFA World Cup
Copa Mundial de Fútbol
México '70
1970 FIFA World Cup.svg
1970 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countryMexico
Dates31 May – 21 June
Teams16 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)5 (in 5 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil (3rd title)
Runners-upFlag of Italy.svg  Italy
Third placeFlag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Fourth placeFlag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay
Tournament statistics
Matches played32
Goals scored95 (2.97 per match)
Attendance1,604,065 (50,127 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Germany.svg Gerd Müller (10 goals)
Best young player Flag of Peru (state).svg Teófilo Cubillas
Fair play awardFlag of Peru (state).svg  Peru
1966
1974

The 1970 FIFA World Cup was the ninth edition of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football championship for men's senior national teams. Held from 31 May to 21 June in Mexico, it was the first World Cup tournament staged in North America, and the first held outside Europe and South America. Teams representing 75 nations from all six populated continents entered the competition, and its qualification rounds began in May 1968. Fourteen teams qualified from this process to join host nation Mexico and defending champions England in the 16-team final tournament. El Salvador, Israel and Morocco made their debut appearances at the final stage.

Contents

The tournament was won by Brazil, who defeated another former two-time world champion, and current 1968 European champion Italy, by 4–1 in the final. Furthermore, during the tournament, Brazil also had to defeat other former two-time world champion and current 1967 South American champion Uruguay, by 3–1 in the semi-final, and the 1966 World Cup defending champions England, by 1–0 in the group stage. This was the first and only time that a champion team defeated the current European and South American champions and the current World Cup defending champions.

The win gave Brazil its third World Cup title, which allowed them to permanently keep the Jules Rimet Trophy, and a new trophy was introduced in 1974. The victorious team, led by Carlos Alberto and featuring players such as Pelé, Gérson, Jairzinho, Rivellino, and Tostão, is often cited as the greatest-ever football team. [1] [2] [3] They achieved a perfect record of wins in all six games in the finals, as well as winning all their qualifying fixtures. [4]

Despite the issues of altitude and high temperature, [5] the finals largely produced attacking football which created an average goals per game record not since bettered by any subsequent World Cup Finals. [6] [7] [8] With the advancements in satellite communications, the 1970 Finals attracted a new record television audience for the FIFA World Cup as games were broadcast live around the world [9] and, in a few cases, in colour - the first time that this was the case. [10] [11]

Host selection

Mexico was chosen as the host nation in 1964 through a vote at FIFA's congress in Tokyo on 8 October, ahead of the only other submitted bid from Argentina, who eventually hosted the 1978 World Cup. [12] The tournament became the first World Cup hosted in North America, and the first to be staged outside South America and Europe; Mexico later became the first country to host the FIFA World Cup twice when it stepped in to stage the 1986 event after the original host selection, Colombia, suffered financial problems. [12]

Qualification

.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}
Nation qualified for World Cup
Nation failed to qualify
Nation did not enter World Cup
Nation not a FIFA member in 1970 1970 world cup qualification.png
  Nation qualified for World Cup
  Nation failed to qualify
  Nation did not enter World Cup
  Nation not a FIFA member in 1970

A total of 75 teams entered the 1970 FIFA World Cup, and 73 were required to qualify. Due to rejected entries and withdrawals, 68 teams eventually participated in the qualifying stages, including eight for the first time. [13] [14] Mexico as the host nation and England as reigning World Cup champions were granted automatic qualification, with the remaining 14 finals places divided among the continental confederations. [13]

Eight places were available to teams from UEFA (Europe), three for CONMEBOL (South America), one for CAF (Africa), one for a team from either the AFC or the OFC (Asia/Oceania), and one for CONCACAF (North and Central America and Caribbean). [13] A place in the finals for an African representative was guaranteed for the first time, as a response to the mass boycott of the qualifying process for 1966 by the African entrants after FIFA linked Africa, Asia and Oceania together with only one qualifying place on offer. [15] [16] [17]

The draw for the qualifying stages was conducted on 1 February 1968 in Casablanca, Morocco, [14] with matches beginning in May 1968 and the final fixtures being concluded in December 1969. North Korea, quarter-finalists at the previous tournament, were disqualified during the process after refusing to play in Israel for political reasons. [18] [19] El Salvador qualified for the finals after beating Honduras in a play-off match, which was the catalyst for a four-day conflict in July 1969 known as the Football War. [20]

Half of the eventual qualifying teams had also been present at the previous World Cup, but three teams qualified for the first time: El Salvador, Israel and Morocco, while Peru, Romania, Belgium and Sweden made their first World Cup appearances since 1930, 1938, 1954 and 1958 respectively. Czechoslovakia returned to the World Cup stage after missing the 1966 World Cup. [21] [22]

As of 2018, this was the only time Israel qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, and also the only time Argentina failed to qualify (they declined to participate in 1938, 1950 and 1954).

List of qualified teams

The following 16 teams qualified for the final tournament.

Venues

Five stadiums in five cities were selected to host the World Cup matches. Alternative venues in Hidalgo state and the port city of Veracruz were also considered. [23] Each group was based solely in one city with exception of Group 2, which was staged in both Puebla and Toluca. Aside from the Estadio Luis Dosal, all the stadia had only been constructed during the 1960s, as Mexico prepared to host both the World Cup and the 1968 Summer Olympics. [24] The stadium construction cost for the four smaller venues were around 11 million USD, while the final stadium in Mexico City cost 20 million USD. [25]

The altitude of the venues varied and the importance of acclimatisation was strongly considered by all the participating teams. As a result, in contrast to the previous tournament staged in England, most teams arrived in the region well in advance of their opening fixtures to prepare for this factor. [26] [27] Some teams had already experienced the local conditions when competing in the football competition at 1968 Summer Olympics. [8] At an elevation in excess of 2,660 metres (8,730 ft) above sea level, Toluca was the highest of the venues; Guadalajara was the lowest at 1,500 m (4,920 ft). In addition to the altitude, all five locations had hot and rainy weather where temperatures would regularly go past 32 °C (90 °F).

Of the five stadia used for the 32 matches played, the largest and most used venue was the Azteca Stadium in Mexico City, which hosted 10 total matches including the final and third place matches, and all of Group 1's matches (which included all of host Mexico's matches). The Jalisco Stadium in Guadalajara hosted eight matches including all of Group 3's matches and a semi-final. The Nou Camp Stadium in Leon hosted seven matches, which consisted of all of Group 4's matches and a quarter-final match. The Luis Dosal stadium in Toluca hosted four matches, and Cuauhtémoc stadium in Puebla hosted three matches and was the only stadium of the five used for this tournament not to host any knockout rounds.

Mexico City Guadalajara Puebla Toluca León
Estadio Azteca Estadio Jalisco Estadio Cuauhtémoc Estadio Luis Dosal Estadio Nou Camp
Capacity: 107,247Capacity: 71,100Capacity: 35,563Capacity: 26,900Capacity: 23,609
Estadio Azteca 07a.jpg Estadio jalisco.jpg Puebla FC vs Leon FC.jpg Nemesio diez.JPG EstadioLeon.jpg

Format

Teams were divided into four groups of four. Within each group, each team played each other team in a round robin, with 2 points awarded for a win and 1 for a draw. Teams were ranked by points, with goal difference being used as a tie-breaker. If two teams finished equal on both points and goal difference, lots were drawn to separate them. This method was used to separate the Soviet Union and Mexico in group 1. [28]

The top two teams from each group progressed to the knockout stage. In all knockout matches, extra time was played if the teams were drawn after 90 minutes. If teams were still tied after extra-time, drawing of lots would have been used in all matches other than the final. FIFA did not announce in advance what would happen if the final itself were to be drawn after extra time. [29] In the event, all knockout matches were decided in either regular time or extra time.

Final draw

Although it was reported in the build-up to the final draw that seedings would be used, as had been the case at the previous two World Cup Finals, [30] [31] the FIFA Organising Committee ultimately announced that there would be no seeding of teams. [32] Instead, the 16 teams were divided into four 'geographical groupings', which also took into account the teams' strengths and even political considerations; [33] the system ensured that Israel and Morocco would not be drawn to face each other after Morocco had earlier threatened to withdraw from the tournament, as they had done from the Olympic football tournament two years earlier, [34] if that were the case. [35]

Pot 1: European IPot 2: AmericasPot 3: European IIPot 4: Rest of the World

The draw was staged in Mexico City, Mexico on 10 January 1970 in the Maria Isabel Hotel, which served as FIFA's headquarters during the competition. [36] The teams were drawn into the four groups, which had their locations defined in advance: Group 1 being staged in Mexico City, Group 2 in Puebla and Toluca, Group 3 in Guadalajara and Group 4 in León. It was predetermined that the hosts Mexico would be in Group 1 and so based in the capital city, and that England as holders would be based in Guadalajara, the tournament's second largest stadium. [37] The 10-year-old daughter of Guillermo Cañedo, President of the Mexican Football Federation and the Local Organising Committee, drew out the teams from four silver cups. [38] [39]

Match officials

Squads

Teams could name a squad of no more than 22 players for the tournament; Morocco only named 19 players in their squad.

Tournament review

Juanito was the official tournament mascot. 1970 FIFA World Cup mascot.png
Juanito was the official tournament mascot.

Group stage

Following the opening ceremony host nation Mexico faced the Soviet Union; this was the last time until the 2006 World Cup that the host nation's first match rather than the World Cup holders' began the tournament. [40] Both this opening match of Group 1 and many others during the competition kicked off at noon for the benefit of European television schedules, meaning play under the midday sun. [10] The match produced a goalless draw, prompting some media to predict the entire tournament would be played at the slow tempo that featured in this game given the conditions involved. [41] [42] Following the half-time interval Anatoliy Puzach became the first substitute to be used in FIFA World Cup history as the Soviets made use of the new competition rule. [21] Both teams won their remaining two games to progress from the group at the expense of Belgium and World Cup debutants El Salvador.

Group 2 was the lowest-scoring of the groups with only six goals in its six matches as Uruguay, reigning South America champions, and Italy, the reigning European champions, edged past Sweden and Israel. Sweden would have progressed if they had produced a two-goal victory against Uruguay in their final game, but it was not until the final minute that they scored the only goal of the game. [43] Hours before the game FIFA elected to replace the scheduled referee after bribery rumours – later dismissed by FIFA [44] – arose in Mexico. [45] The 1–0 result meant Uruguay advanced, to be joined by Italy after they avoided defeat in the group finale against Israel. [46]

Owing to the lack of a seeding system, Group 3 allowed the reigning World Cup holders England to be paired together with the two-time former champion Brazil, considered by many the pre-tournament favourites for the trophy. [32] England's preparations were hampered by the arrest of their captain Bobby Moore in Colombia for allegedly stealing a bracelet from a jeweller's shop; [47] the charges were later dropped. [48] The attitude of their manager Alf Ramsey and the English media in general was perceived by many locals as unfriendly and xenophobic toward Mexico's hosting of the competition, which meant the English team received a largely hostile response during the competition. [37] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54]

With both having won their opening games – against Czechoslovakia and Romania, respectively [55] [56] – Brazil met England in the group's most famed match. [57] Although Gordon Banks in the English goal denied Pelé from close range with a reflex save that Pelé himself cited as the greatest of his career, [58] [59] a second half goal from Jairzinho won the match for Brazil, after which England squandered several excellent opportunities to equalise. [60] [61] Both teams then won their final group games to progress to the knockout stage. [62]

Play in Group 4 began with Bulgaria taking a two-goal lead against Peru, but a second half comeback gave the South Americans a 3–2 victory. [63] Morocco, the first African World Cup representatives since 1934, [15] also began strongly by taking the lead against the 1966 runners-up West Germany, but the Germans came back to win 2–1. [55] West Germany also went behind against Bulgaria in their second match, but a Gerd Müller hat-trick helped them recover and win 5–2; the eventual Golden Boot winner Müller hit another hat-trick – the only hat-tricks of the entire tournament. [64] – to win the group against Peru. [65]

Knockout stage

Quarter-finals

Mexico and the Soviet Union had finished tied at the top of Group 1 on both points and goal difference, meaning that the drawing of lots was required to rank them. On 12 June, the draw allocated the Soviet Union the group winners' berth, meaning that they would face Uruguay at the Estadio Azteca, while the host nation were paired against Italy in the smaller Toluca venue. [44] [66] Mexican officials unsuccessfully appealed to FIFA to stage their game in the capital to avoid traffic problems. [44] The hosts took the lead against Italy with a José Luis González goal, but his teammate Javier Guzmán equalised with an own goal before half-time. Italy then dominated the second half to progress to the semi-finals with a 4–1 win. [67] The Soviet Union were also eliminated in their quarter-final when a Víctor Espárrago header three minutes from the end of extra-time sent Uruguay through. [68] The Soviets had stopped play during Uruguay's attack leading to the goal, believing that the ball had crossed the touchline.

Official poster WorldCup1970lposter.jpg
Official poster

The all-South America tie in Guadalajara was the highest-scoring of the four quarter-finals as Brazil recorded a 4–2 triumph over Peru. The match is considered to be one of the most entertaining matches in World Cup history: Brazil shot 27 times; Peru, 22. Next came a rematch of the previous World Cup final between England and West Germany took place in León. The reigning champions took a two-goal lead, but Franz Beckenbauer halved the deficit when his low shot beat England's second-choice goalkeeper Peter Bonetti, who was playing after Gordon Banks suffered food poisoning the day before. [69] [70] Eight minutes from time, an Uwe Seeler header levelled the score. England's Geoff Hurst then had an apparently legitimate goal ruled out for offside. [71] [72] An extra-time goal from Gerd Müller brought (West) Germany's first-ever competitive victory over England. [73] [74] It has been speculated [75] that the national embarrassment of losing against Germany played a significant role in the surprise defeat of Harold Wilson's government in the 1970 United Kingdom general election four days later, however recent analysis [76] found no evidence to support this theory.

Semi-finals

All four of the semi-finalists were former world champions, with the line-up guaranteeing a final between Europe and South America. In the all-South American tie, controversially switched from the capital to the lower altitude of Guadalajara, [77] Brazil came from behind to defeat Uruguay 3–1 and earn the right to contest their fourth World Cup Final. Two Brazilian goals in the final 15 minutes decided a match that had been evenly-matched until that point. [78] The all-European meeting between Italy and West Germany produced a match regarded by many as one of the greatest World Cup games of all time. Having led from the eighth minute through Roberto Boninsegna's strike, Italy were pegged back in injury time when sweeper Karl-Heinz Schnellinger scored his only international goal. [79] Extra-time brought five more goals as the lead swung between the two sides until Gianni Rivera gave the Azzurri a decisive 4–3 lead. [80] [81] The match subsequently became known as the "Game of the Century", and today has a monument outside the Estadio Azteca to commemorate it. [81] West Germany went on to defeat Uruguay 1–0 in the third-place match. [82]

Final

In the final, Brazil opened the scoring when Pelé headed in a cross from Rivellino in the 18th minute, but Roberto Boninsegna equalised for Italy after a series of blunders in the Brazilian defence. [83] The match remained level until the 66th minute when a powerful shot from Gérson restored the Brazilians' lead. Further goals from Jairzinho and Carlos Alberto rewarded Brazil's attacking play and secured a 4–1 victory and a record third World Cup triumph, which earned them the right to permanently keep the Jules Rimet Trophy. [83] [84]

Legacy

Both the Brazilian team that were crowned champions of the 1970 World Cup and the tournament itself have become regarded as among the very finest in the history of the FIFA World Cup. [1] [2] [85] [86] In contrast to the more physical style of play that had dominated the previous two tournaments, the 1970 Finals are noted for the attacking play adopted by most teams. [6] [7] [8]

Adidas Telstar of 1974 Adidas Telstar.jpg
Adidas Telstar of 1974

For the first time at a World Cup Finals, referees could issue yellow and red cards (a system that is now commonplace at every level of football worldwide), [87] yet, in contrast to the previous tournaments (besides the 1950 edition) and all subsequent tournaments to date, no player was expelled from play. [88] The officiating of the opening match, commentated by some media as overly strict, [89] [90] [91] set a standard of discipline that instead helped protect skillful players in accordance with FIFA's stated wish. [54] [92] [93] The tournament's average of 2.97 goals per game set a level not since bettered.

The eventual champions Brazil, led by Carlos Alberto, and featuring Pelé, Clodoaldo, Gérson, Jairzinho, Rivellino, and Tostão, is often cited as the greatest-ever World Cup team. [1] [2] [3] They won all of their six games on the way to the title, and had also won every one of their qualifying fixtures. [4] Jairzinho's feat of scoring in every finals match likewise has yet to be equalled. [94] Coach Mário Zagallo became the first man to win the World Cup as both a player (1958, 1962) and coach. [95]

This was the first World Cup to use the Telstar ball from Adidas (who have supplied every World Cup match ball to date), introduced as the "Telstar Erlast" for the 1968 European Football Championship. The Telstar was the first World Cup ball to use the now-familiar truncated icosahedron for its design, consisting of 12 black pentagonal and 20 white hexagonal panels. [96] [97] The 32-panel configuration had been introduced in 1962 by Select Sport, [98] [99] and was also used in the official logo for the 1970 World Cup. [100] The black-and-white pattern, to aid visibility on black and white television broadcasts (which was still commonplace then, as colour television was rare in many parts of the world), was also well established before the Telstar. [99] [101] The name came from the Telstar communications satellite, which was roughly spherical and dotted with solar panels, somewhat similar in appearance to the football. [96]

Merchandise

Forming a partnership with FIFA in 1970, Panini published its first FIFA World Cup sticker album for the 1970 World Cup, initiating a global craze for collecting and trading stickers. [102] [103] [104] In 2017, a complete 1970 World Cup Panini sticker album signed by Pelé sold for a record £10,450. [105] [106]

Group stage

Champion
Runner-up
Third place
Fourth place
Quarter-finals
Group stage 1970 world cup.png

Group stage

The first round, or group stage, saw the 16 teams divided into four groups of four teams. Each group was a round-robin of six games, where each team played one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams were awarded two points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams finishing first and second in each group qualified for the quarter-finals, while the bottom two teams in each group were eliminated from the tournament.

Tie-breaking criteria

  1. Greater number of points in all group matches
  2. Goal difference in all group matches (replacing the previous usage of goal average)
  3. Drawing of lots by the FIFA Organising Committee

Group 1

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 321061+55 [lower-alpha 1] Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 321050+55 [lower-alpha 1]
3Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 31024512
4Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 30030990
Source: FIFA
Notes:
  1. 1 2 Having finished level on both points and goal difference, the Soviet Union and Mexico were separated by the drawing of lots.
31 May 1970
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 0–0 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
3 June 1970
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 3–0 Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
6 June 1970
Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 4–1 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
7 June 1970
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 4–0 Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
10 June 1970
Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 2–0 Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
11 June 1970
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 1–0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium

Group 2

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 312010+14Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 311121+13
3Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 31112203
4Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 30211322
Source: FIFA
2 June 1970
Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 2–0 Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
3 June 1970
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 1–0 Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
6 June 1970
Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 0–0 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
7 June 1970
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 1–1 Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
10 June 1970
Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 0–1 Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
11 June 1970
Israel  Flag of Israel.svg 0–0 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy

Group 3

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 330083+56Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of England.svg  England 320121+14
3Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania 31024512
4Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 30032750
Source: FIFA
2 June 1970
Romania  Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg 0–1 Flag of England.svg  England
3 June 1970
Czechoslovakia  Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 1–4 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
6 June 1970
Romania  Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg 2–1 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia
7 June 1970
England  Flag of England.svg 0–1 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
10 June 1970
Romania  Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg 2–3 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
11 June 1970
England  Flag of England.svg 1–0 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia

Group 4

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 3300104+66Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 320175+24
3Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg  Bulgaria 30125941
4Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 30122641
Source: FIFA
2 June 1970
Peru  Flag of Peru (state).svg 3–2 Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg  Bulgaria
3 June 1970
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–1 Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
6 June 1970
Peru  Flag of Peru (state).svg 3–0 Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
7 June 1970
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 5–2 Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg  Bulgaria
10 June 1970
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 3–1 Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru
11 June 1970
Bulgaria  Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg 1–1 Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco

Knockout stage

The eight teams that had advanced from the group stage entered a single-elimination style tournament, which also featured a third place play-off contested between the two losing semi-finalists. In this knockout stage (including the final), if a match was level at the end of 90 minutes, extra time of two periods (15 minutes each) would be played. In matches prior to the final, if the score was still level after extra time then a coin toss by the referee would determine the winner. If the final was still level after 120 minutes' play then the match would instead be replayed at a later date.

 
Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
          
 
14 June – Mexico City
 
 
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 0
 
17 June – Guadalajara
 
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay (a.e.t.)1
 
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 1
 
14 June – Guadalajara
 
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 3
 
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 4
 
21 June – Mexico City
 
Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 2
 
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 4
 
14 June – Toluca
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 4
 
17 June – Mexico City
 
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy (a.e.t.)4
 
14 June – León
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 3 Third place
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany (a.e.t.)3
 
20 June – Mexico City
 
Flag of England.svg  England 2
 
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 0
 
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 1
 

All times listed local (UTC−6)

Quarter-finals

Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 0–1 (a.e.t.)Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay
Report Espárrago Soccerball shade.svg 117'

Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 4–1 Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Guzmán Soccerball shade.svg 25' (o.g.)
Riva Soccerball shade.svg 63', 76'
Rivera Soccerball shade.svg 70'
Report González Soccerball shade.svg 13'
Estadio Luis Dosal, Toluca
Attendance: 26,851
Referee: Rudolf Scheurer (Switzerland)

Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 4–2 Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru
Rivellino Soccerball shade.svg 11'
Tostão Soccerball shade.svg 15', 52'
Jairzinho Soccerball shade.svg 75'
Report Gallardo Soccerball shade.svg 28'
Cubillas Soccerball shade.svg 70'
Estadio Jalisco, Guadalajara
Attendance: 54,233
Referee: Vital Loraux (Belgium)

West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 3–2 (a.e.t.)Flag of England.svg  England
Beckenbauer Soccerball shade.svg 68'
Seeler Soccerball shade.svg 82'
Müller Soccerball shade.svg 108'
Report Mullery Soccerball shade.svg 31'
Peters Soccerball shade.svg 49'

Semi-finals

Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 1–3 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
Cubilla Soccerball shade.svg 19' Report Clodoaldo Soccerball shade.svg 44'
Jairzinho Soccerball shade.svg 76'
Rivellino Soccerball shade.svg 89'

Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 4–3 (a.e.t.)Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Boninsegna Soccerball shade.svg 8'
Burgnich Soccerball shade.svg 98'
Riva Soccerball shade.svg 104'
Rivera Soccerball shade.svg 111'
Report Schnellinger Soccerball shade.svg 90'
Müller Soccerball shade.svg 94', 110'
Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
Attendance: 102,444
Referee: Arturo Yamasaki (Mexico)

Match for third place

Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 0–1 Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Report Overath Soccerball shade.svg 26'
Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
Attendance: 104,403
Referee: Antonio Sbardella (Italy)

Final

Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 4–1 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Pelé Soccerball shade.svg 18'
Gérson Soccerball shade.svg 66'
Jairzinho Soccerball shade.svg 71'
Carlos Alberto Soccerball shade.svg 86'
Report Boninsegna Soccerball shade.svg 37'
Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
Attendance: 107,412
Referee: Rudi Glöckner (East Germany)

Statistics

Goalscorers

With 10 goals, Gerd Müller was the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 95 goals were scored by 55 players, with only one of them credited as own goal.

10 goals

7 goals

5 goals

4 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

1 own goal

Awards

FIFA retrospective ranking

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition. [21] [108] The rankings for the 1970 tournament were as follows:

RTeamGPWDLGFGAGDPts.
1Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 3 6600197+1212
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2 6321108+28
3Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 4 65011710+710
4Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 2 621345−15
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1 421162+45
6Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1 421164+25
7Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 4 42029904
8Flag of England.svg  England 3 42024404
Eliminated in the group stage
9Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 2 31112203
10Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 1 310245−12
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania 3 310245−12
12Flag of Israel.svg  Israel * 2 302113−22
13Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg  Bulgaria ** 4 301259−41
14Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 4 301226−41
15Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 3 300327−50
16Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 1 300309−90

* Listed as #13 in one of the sources [108]
** Listed as #12 in one of the sources [108]

Related Research Articles

1950 FIFA World Cup 4th FIFA World Cup, hosted by Brazil

The 1950 FIFA World Cup was the fourth edition of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football championship for senior men's national teams and held in Brazil from 24 June to 16 July 1950. The planned 1942 and 1946 World Cups were cancelled due to World War II. This tournament ended the hiatus. Uruguay, who had won the inaugural competition in 1930, defeated in the four-team group match final the host nation Brazil 2–1. This was the only tournament not decided by a one-match final. It was also the inaugural tournament where the trophy was referred to as the Jules Rimet Cup, to mark the 25th anniversary of Jules Rimet's presidency of FIFA.

1958 FIFA World Cup 6th FIFA World Cup, held in Sweden

The 1958 FIFA World Cup was the sixth FIFA World Cup, a quadrennial football tournament for men's senior national teams, and was played in Sweden from 8 to 29 June 1958. It was the first FIFA World Cup to be played in a Nordic country. Brazil beat Sweden 5–2 in the final in the Stockholm suburb of Solna to claim their first title. The tournament also marked the arrival of a then 17-year-old Pelé on the world stage.

1962 FIFA World Cup 7th FIFA World Cup, hosted by Chile

The 1962 FIFA World Cup was the seventh edition of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football championship for senior men's national teams. It was held from 30 May to 17 June 1962 in Chile. The qualification rounds took place between August 1960 and December 1961, with 56 teams entering from six confederations, and fourteen qualifying for the finals tournament alongside Chile, the hosts, and Brazil, the defending champions.

1974 FIFA World Cup 10th FIFA World Cup, hosted by West Germany

The 1974 FIFA World Cup was the 10th FIFA World Cup, a quadrennial football tournament for men's senior national teams, and was played in West Germany between 13 June and 7 July. The tournament marked the first time that the current trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, created by the Italian sculptor Silvio Gazzaniga, was awarded. The previous trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, had been won for the third time by Brazil in 1970 and awarded permanently to the Brazilians. This was the first out of three World Cups to feature two rounds of group stages.

1986 FIFA World Cup 13th FIFA World Cup, hosted by Mexico in 1986

The 1986 FIFA World Cup, the 13th FIFA World Cup, was a quadrennial football tournament for men's senior national teams, was held in Mexico from 31 May to 29 June 1986. The tournament was the second to feature a 24-team format. With European nations not allowed to host after the previous World Cup in Spain, Colombia had been originally chosen to host the competition by FIFA but, largely due to economic reasons, was not able to do so and officially resigned in 1982. Mexico was selected as the new host in May 1983, thus becoming the first country to host the World Cup more than once.

1999 FIFA Confederations Cup International football competition

The 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup was the fourth FIFA Confederations Cup, and the second organised by FIFA. The tournament was hosted by Mexico between 24 July and 4 August 1999.

The Brazil Independence Cup was an international football tournament held in Brazil, from 11 June to 9 July 1972, to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Brazilian Declaration of Independence. It was called the Minicopa by the Brazilians and the final was between Brazil and Portugal, in the Maracanã Stadium. Brazil won 1–0, with Jairzinho scoring in the 89th minute.

1970 FIFA World Cup Final Football match

The 1970 FIFA World Cup Final was held on Sunday, 21 June, in the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City, to determine the winner of the 1970 FIFA World Cup. This final, between Brazil and Italy, marked the first time that two former world champions met in a final; Italy had previously won the World Cup in 1934 and 1938, while Brazil won in 1958 and 1962.

Uruguay at the FIFA World Cup Participation of Uruguays national football team in the FIFA World Cup

This is a record of Uruguay's results at the FIFA World Cup.

Germany at the FIFA World Cup Overview of Germany at the FIFA World Cup

This is a record of Germany and West Germany's results at the FIFA World Cup. The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of FIFA, the sport's global governing body.

This is a record of Italy's results at the FIFA World Cup. The World Cup is an international association football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, due to World War II.

The 1976 Intercontinental Cup was an association football tie held over two legs in November and December 1976 between Cruzeiro, winners of the 1976 Copa Libertadores, and the winners of the 1975–76 European Cup, Bayern Munich.

The knockout stage of the 1970 FIFA World Cup was the second and final stage of the competition, following the group stage. It featured the eight national teams that had finished in the top two in each of the four groups, and so advanced to compete in a single-elimination style tournament. A third place play-off was contested between the two losing semi-finalists.

Brazil at the 1970 FIFA World Cup Matches of the Brazil national football team in the 1970 FIFA World Cup

At the 1970 FIFA World Cup, Brazil participated for the 9th time in the event. The country remained as the only national team to have participated in every installment of the FIFA World Cup.

2019 FIFA U-17 World Cup 18th FIFA U-17 World Cup, held in Brazil in 2019.

The 2019 FIFA U-17 World Cup was the 18th edition of the FIFA U-17 World Cup, the biennial international men's youth football championship contested by the under-17 national teams of the member associations of FIFA. It was hosted by Brazil between 26 October and 17 November 2019.

Belgium at the FIFA World Cup Overview of Belgium at the FIFA World Cup

Belgium have appeared in the finals tournament of the FIFA World Cup on 13 occasions, the first being at the first FIFA World Cup in 1930 where they finished in 11th place. The inaugural FIFA World Cup final was officiated by Belgian referee John Langenus.

The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, due to World War II.

The history of the Brazil national football team began with the team's first international match in 1914, a 0–3 loss to Argentina. Brazil played in the first FIFA World Cup in 1930. The Brazil national team has been successful throughout its history, winning the FIFA World Cup five times since 1958.

Brazil–Italy football rivalry Football rivalry between the national football teams of Brazil and Italy

The Brazil–Italy football rivalry, also known as the Clásico Mundial in Portuguese or the World Derby in English, is a football rivalry between the national football teams of Brazil and Italy, two of the most successful football nations in the world, having achieved nine World Cups between the two countries. They have played against each other five times in the World Cup. Most notably, the 1970 World Cup Final and the 1994 World Cup Final in which Brazil won 4–1 in the former, and 3–2 on penalties after a goalless draw in the latter, as well as the semifinals of the 1938 World Cup and the final second group stage match of the 1982 World Cup won 3–2 by Italy. They have also met at two FIFA Confederations Cups as well as the 1976 U.S.A. Bicentennial Cup Tournament and the 1997 Tournoi de France.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "The Story of the 1970 World Cup". BBC. 12 May 2010.
  2. 1 2 3 "Brazil's 1970 winning team voted best of all time". Reuters . 9 July 2007.
  3. 1 2 "The Boys from Brazil: On the trail of football's dream team". The Independent . 10 April 2010. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  4. 1 2 "Netherlands' perfect winning streak can match historic feat of Brazil 1970". Goal.com. 7 July 2010. Archived from the original on 9 March 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  5. "Soccer play in Mexico stirs altitude controversy". Free-Lance Star. Fredericksburg, VA. Associated Press. 2 June 1970. p. 6.
  6. 1 2 "Castrol index tournament legends". Castrol Performance Index. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  7. 1 2 "Perfect farewell to Pelé's last appearance in a World Cup". Brasil 2014: World Cup Portal. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  8. 1 2 3 "World Championship – Jules Rimet 1970 Cup Technical study" (PDF). FIFA.
  9. Dunmore, Tom (2011). Historical Dictionary of Soccer. Scarecrow Press. p. 13.
  10. 1 2 "1970 FIFA World Cup Mexico". FIFA. Archived from the original on 13 September 2008.
  11. "40 years since first World Cup in colour". TVlicensing.co.uk.
  12. 1 2 "Host Announcement Decision" (PDF). FIFA. 2 December 2010.
  13. 1 2 3 "Preliminary Competition: History by year" (PDF). FIFA. November 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010.
  14. 1 2 "Preliminary Draw Statistical kit" (PDF). FIFA. 2 August 2011.
  15. 1 2 "Africa's missing World Cup years". BBC Sport . 26 April 2002.
  16. "Tough tasks for British". The Times. London. 2 February 1968. p. 13.
  17. "Boycott! When Africa & Asia said "Enough"". Twohundredpercent.net. 31 May 2010. Archived from the original on 24 September 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
  18. "North Korea out". The Times. London. 5 July 1969. p. 7.
  19. Glanville, Brian (2010). The Story of the World Cup. Faber and Faber. p. 167.
  20. Anderson, Thomas P. (1981). The War of the Dispossessed: Honduras and El Salvador 1969. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 "FIFA World Cup: Milestones, facts & figures. Statistical Kit 7" (PDF). FIFA. 26 March 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013.
  22. "Del 31 de mayo al 21 de junio de 1970". La Nación (in Spanish). 30 June 1967.
  23. "Building for the future". The Christian Science Monitor . 19 October 1967.
  24. Fett, Matthias (2 July 2020). "The game has changed – a systematic approach to classify FIFA World Cups". International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics. 12 (3): 455–470. doi:10.1080/19406940.2020.1784978. ISSN   1940-6940.
  25. "Altitude bugs soccer players". Meriden Journal . 2 June 1970.
  26. "Problem of altitude". Ottawa Citizen . 2 June 1970.
  27. "Soviet Union wins toss in World Cup". Miami News: 2-B. 13 June 1970.
  28. "Drawing of lots -- that's how teams will be parted". Evening Standard. London: 43. 26 May 1970.
  29. "Ability and politics govern the draw". The Times. London. 19 December 1969. p. 11.
  30. "Top teams to be seeded". The Times. London. 8 January 1970. p. 11.
  31. 1 2 "FIFA World Cup: Seeded teams 1930–2010" (PDF). FIFA. November 2009.
  32. "Brasil, Alemanha e Italia querem o Grupo Dois". Jornal do Brasil (in Portuguese). 11 January 1970.
  33. "Football at the 1968 Ciudad de México Summer Games: Men's Football". Sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020.
  34. "Africa in the FIFA World Cup: Part 3 – The Seventies". Currybet.net. 2 December 2009. Archived from the original on 24 November 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
  35. "The FIFA World Cup Final Draw history" (PDF). FIFA. November 2009.
  36. 1 2 Dawson, Jeff (2001). Back Home: England and the 1970 World Cup. Orion.
  37. "Draw for finals of World Cup". The Times. London. 12 January 1970. p. 12.
  38. "Mexico duels Russians in World Cup". Toledo Blade . 11 January 1970.
  39. "The FIFA World Cup Opening Day Match History, Facts and Winners". Yahoo. 11 June 2010. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  40. "Big yawn as World Cup rivals draw". The Age . 2 June 1970.
  41. "World Cup slowdown bores fans". The Pittsburgh Press . 1 June 1970.
  42. "Pele keeps Brazilians on right track". The Vancouver Sun . 11 June 1970.
  43. 1 2 3 "Mexico draws tiny stadium". The Bulletin . 13 June 1970.
  44. "Bribe rumours stir soccer". Reading Eagle . 11 June 1970.
  45. "Mexico, England, Italy in quarter-finals". The Gazette (Montreal) . 12 June 1970.
  46. "England soccer captain held for shop-lifting". The Indian Express . 27 May 1970.
  47. "1970: Bobby Moore cleared of stealing". BBC.
  48. "England lose popularity contest". Glasgow Herald . 13 June 1970.
  49. "English win first World Cup match". The Spokesman-Review . 2 June 1970.
  50. "British take villain role in World Cup". Pittsburgh Press . 2 June 1970.
  51. "Young Mexicans jeer England". The Times. London. 14 May 1970. p. 14.
  52. "Pele and other top Brazilians may miss Romanian game". Glasgow Herald . 9 June 1970.
  53. 1 2 "World Cup Review: Firm authority respected". The Times. London. 23 June 1970. p. 15.
  54. 1 2 "Brazil hit back against Czechs". Glasgow Herald . 4 June 1970.
  55. "Fans whistles and boos as England wins, 1–0". Ottawa Citizen . 3 June 1970.
  56. "The Final that never was". FIFA.
  57. "Gordon Banks: The keeper who stunned the King". FIFA.
  58. "Brazil mix enough method to their magic". ESPN. 7 February 2013. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  59. "Fireworks erupt after Brazilian goal beats England lose popularity contest". Ottawa Citizen . 8 June 1970.
  60. "Back to school for England after World Cup Soccer loss". Beaver County Times . 8 June 1970.
  61. "England rides boot of Clarke to eights". The Leader-Post . 11 June 1970.
  62. "Peru's comeback". Ottawa Citizen . 3 June 1970.
  63. "FIFA World Cup goals" (PDF). FIFA.
  64. "Germany, Brazil lead World Cup". The St. Petersburg Times . 11 June 1970.
  65. "Mexico travel to play Italy". Glasgow Herald . 13 June 1970.
  66. "Italy crush Mexico". The Times. London. 15 June 1970. p. 13.
  67. "Well-timed winner". The Times. London. 15 June 1970. p. 13.
  68. "Defending champs knocked out". The Vancouver Sun . 15 June 1970.
  69. "Robert Green, I know how you feel, says ex-England keeper Peter Bonetti". The Daily Telegraph . 13 June 2010.
  70. "Germans turn tide against England". BBC Sport. 4 April 2002. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  71. England: The Official F.A History, Niall Edworthy, Virgin Publishers, 1997, ISBN   1-85227-699-1.
  72. "Bundesliga 50 – The birth of Germany's Professional Game". Football Republik. 9 June 2013. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  73. Downing, David (2001). The Best of Enemies: England v Germany. Bloomsbury Publishing.
  74. 1970: Heath's surprise victory BBC News
  75. "Did England's World Cup defeat win the 1970 election for the Tories?". CapX. 19 June 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  76. "Italy favored to win cup". The Leader-Post . 16 June 1970.
  77. "Italy meets Brazilians on Sunday". The Spokesman-Review . 19 June 1970.
  78. "Players Info: Schnellinger". German Football Association.
  79. "World Cup Soccer Finalists". Reading Eagle . 18 June 1970.
  80. 1 2 "A test of endurance and will". FIFA.
  81. "West Germany conquers Uruguay, 1–0, for Third Place in World Cup Soccer". Associated Press. 20 June 1970.
  82. 1 2 "Sizzling Brazil stun the Azteca". FIFA.
  83. Lisi, Clemente Angelo (2007). A History of the World Cup: 1930–2010 . Scarecrow Press. p.  167.
  84. "The 1970 World Cup is recalled fondly, and in glorious technicolour". The Herald . 17 November 2012. Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  85. "1970: The definitive World Cup..." Four Four Two. 14 March 2009. Archived from the original on 29 June 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  86. "Ken Aston – the inventor of yellow and red cards". FIFA. 15 January 2002.
  87. "World Cup History 1970". ESPN. 10 November 2009. Archived from the original on 18 January 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  88. "England begins soccer defence today". The Gazette (Montreal) . 2 June 1970.
  89. "Mexican standoff?". The New York Times . 7 June 1970.
  90. "Strict control needed in combustible situation". The Times. London. 26 September 1970. p. 5.
  91. "Clean, dull soccer start". Ottawa Citizen . 1 June 1970.
  92. "Officials determined to police World Soccer Championships". Eugene Register-Guard . 30 May 1970.
  93. "Jairzinho: The Hurricane that never blew out". FIFA.
  94. "Mario Zagallo: None hungrier than Brazil's lone wolf". FIFA.
  95. 1 2 "1970 Mexico". The Footballs during the FIFA World Cup. FIFA. Archived from the original on 28 November 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  96. "The History of the Official World Cup Match Balls". SoccerBallWorld. Rig-Tech Inc. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  97. "The Story of Select". Select Sport. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  98. 1 2 Bernsen, Jens (1992). "Vi er røde, vi er hvide". Design DK (in Danish). Dansk Design Centre. ISSN   0906-9194.
  99. "1970 FIFA World Cup Mexico". Previous FIFA World Cups. FIFA. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  100. See Getty Images photos:
  101. "Brand collaborations". FIFA. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  102. "Panini World Cup sticker book". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  103. “The Magic, Global Craze and Tradition of Panini's World Cup Sticker Albums”. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2 September 2018
  104. "Panini 1970 World Cup album signed by Pele auctions for £10,450". ESPN. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  105. "The world's most expensive Panini album, signed by Brazilian legend Pele, has been auctioned off for £10,450". Irish Mirror. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  106. "1970 FIFA World Cup Mexico". FIFA. Archived from the original on 10 December 2013.
  107. 1 2 3 "Permanent Table" (PDF). p. 230. Retrieved 25 December 2020.