England national football team

Last updated

England
England national football team crest.svg
Nickname(s) The Three Lions
Association The Football Association
(The FA)
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Head coach Gareth Southgate
Captain Harry Kane
Most caps Peter Shilton (125)
Top scorer Harry Kane (62)
Home stadium Wembley Stadium
FIFA code ENG
Kit left arm eng24h.png
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body eng24h.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm eng24h.png
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts eng24h.png
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks eng24h.png
Kit socks long.svg
First colours
Kit left arm eng24a.png
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body eng24a.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm eng24a.png
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts eng24a.png
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 4 Decrease2.svg 1 (4 April 2024) [1]
Highest3 (Aug–Sep 2012, Sep–Oct 2021, Nov 2023 [1] )
Lowest27 (February 1996 [1] )
First international
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 0–0 England  Flag of England.svg
(Partick, Scotland; 30 November 1872)
(The first ever international football match)
Biggest win
Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg  Ireland 0–13 England  Flag of England.svg
(Belfast, Ireland; 18 February 1882)
Biggest defeat
Flag of Hungary (1949-1956; 1-2 aspect ratio).svg  Hungary 7–1 England  Flag of England.svg
(Budapest, Hungary; 23 May 1954)
World Cup
Appearances16 (first in 1950 )
Best resultChampions (1966)
European Championship
Appearances11 (first in 1968 )
Best resultRunners-up (2020)
Nations League Finals
Appearances1 (first in 2019 )
Best resultThird place (2019)
Website englandfootball.com

The England national football team have represented England in international football since the first international match in 1872. It is controlled by The Football Association (FA), the governing body for football in England, which is affiliated with UEFA and comes under the global jurisdiction of world football's governing body FIFA. [2] [3] England competes in the three major international tournament contested by European nations: the FIFA World Cup, the UEFA European Championship and the UEFA Nations League.

Contents

England is the joint oldest national team in football having played in the world's first international football match in 1872, against Scotland. England's home ground is Wembley Stadium, London, and its training headquarters is at St George's Park, Burton upon Trent. Gareth Southgate is the current manager of the team.

England won the 1966 World Cup final on home soil, making it one of eight nations to have won the World Cup. They have qualified for the World Cup sixteen times, with their next best performance fourth-place finishes in the 1990 and 2018 editions. England has never won the European Championship, with their best performance to date being runners-up in 2020. As a constituent country of the United Kingdom, England is not a member of the International Olympic Committee and so does not compete at the Olympic Games. England is currently the only team to have won the World Cup at senior level, but not their major continental title, and the only non-sovereign entity to have won the World Cup.

History

Early years

The England team before a match against Scotland at Richmond in 1893 England 1893.jpg
The England team before a match against Scotland at Richmond in 1893

The England men's national football team is the joint-oldest in the world; it was formed at the same time as Scotland. A representative match between England and Scotland was played on 5 March 1870, having been organised by the Football Association. [4] A return fixture was organised by representatives of Scottish football teams on 30 November 1872. This match, played at Hamilton Crescent in Scotland, is viewed as the first official international football match, because the two teams were independently selected and operated, rather than being the work of a single football association. [5] Over the next 40 years, England played exclusively with the other three Home Nations—Scotland, Wales and Ireland—in the British Home Championship.

At first, England had no permanent home stadium. They joined FIFA in 1906 and played their first games against countries other than the Home Nations on a tour of Central Europe in 1908. [6] Wembley Stadium was opened in 1923 and became their home ground. [6] The relationship between England and FIFA became strained, and this resulted in their departure from FIFA in 1928, before they rejoined in 1946. [7] As a result, they did not compete in a World Cup until 1950, in which they were beaten in a 1–0 defeat by the United States, failing to get past the first round in one of the most embarrassing defeats in the team's history. [8]

Their first defeat on home soil to a foreign team was a 2–0 loss to Ireland, on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Park. [9] A 6–3 loss in 1953 to Hungary, was their second defeat by a foreign team at Wembley. [10] In the return match in Budapest, Hungary won 7–1. This stands as England's largest ever defeat. After the game, a bewildered Syd Owen said, "it was like playing men from outer space". [11] In the 1954 FIFA World Cup, England reached the quarter-finals for the first time, and lost 4–2 to reigning champions Uruguay. [12]

Walter Winterbottom and Alf Ramsey

Elizabeth II presenting England captain Bobby Moore with the Jules Rimet trophy following England's 4-2 victory over West Germany in the 1966 World Cup final The Queen presents the 1966 World Cup to England Captain, Bobby Moore. (7936243534).jpg
Elizabeth II presenting England captain Bobby Moore with the Jules Rimet trophy following England's 4–2 victory over West Germany in the 1966 World Cup final

Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as England's first full-time manager in 1946, the team was still picked by a committee until Alf Ramsey took over in 1963. [13] [14] The 1966 FIFA World Cup was hosted in England and Ramsey guided England to victory with a 4–2 win against West Germany after extra time in the final, during which Geoff Hurst scored a hat-trick. [15] In UEFA Euro 1968, the team reached the semi-finals for the first time, being eliminated by Yugoslavia. [16]

England qualified automatically for the 1970 World Cup in Mexico as reigning champions, and reached the quarter-finals, where they were knocked out by West Germany. England had been 2–0 up, but were eventually beaten 3–2 after extra time. [17] They then failed to qualify for the 1974 World Cup, leading to Ramsey's dismissal by the FA. [18]

Don Revie, Ron Greenwood and Bobby Robson

Following Ramsey's dismissal, Joe Mercer took immediate temporary charge of England for a seven-match spell until Don Revie was appointed as new permanent manager in 1974. [19] Under Revie, the team underperformed and failed to qualify for either UEFA Euro 1976 or the 1978 World Cup. [20] Revie resigned in 1977 and was replaced by Ron Greenwood, under whom performances improved. The team qualified for Euro 1980 without losing any of their games, but exited in the group stage of the final tournament. [21] They also qualified for the 1982 World Cup in Spain; despite not losing a game, they were eliminated at the second group stage. [22] [23]

Bobby Robson managed England from 1982 to 1990. [24] Although the team failed to qualify for UEFA Euro 1984, they reached the quarter-finals of the 1986 World Cup, losing 2–1 to Argentina in a game made famous by two highly contrasting goals scored by Diego Maradona – the first being blatantly knocked in by his hand, prompting his "Hand of God" remark, the second being an outstandingly skilful individual goal, involving high speed dribbling past several opponents. [25] [26] England striker Gary Lineker finished as the tournament's top scorer with six goals. [27]

England went on to lose every match at UEFA Euro 1988. [28] They next achieved their second best result in the 1990 FIFA World Cup by finishing fourth – losing again to West Germany after a closely contested semi-final finishing 1–1 after extra time, then 3–4 in England's first penalty shoot-out. [29] Despite losing to Italy in the third place play-off, the members of the England team were given bronze medals identical to the Italians'. Due to the team's good performance at the tournament against general expectations, and the emotional nature of the narrow defeat to West Germany, [30] the team were welcomed home as heroes and thousands of people lined the streets for an open-top bus parade. [31]

Graham Taylor, Terry Venables, Glenn Hoddle and Kevin Keegan

The 1990s saw four England managers follow Robson, each in the role for a relatively brief period. Graham Taylor was Robson's immediate successor. [32] England failed to win any matches at UEFA Euro 1992, drawing with tournament winners Denmark and later with France, before being eliminated by host nation Sweden. The team then failed to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup after losing a controversial game against the Netherlands in Rotterdam, which resulted in Taylor's resignation. Taylor faced much newspaper criticism during his tenure for his tactics and team selections. [33]

Between 1994 and 1996, Terry Venables took charge of the team. At UEFA Euro 1996, held in England, they equalled their best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semi-finals as they did in 1968, before exiting via another penalty shoot-out loss to Germany. [34] England striker Alan Shearer was the tournament's top scorer with five goals. [35] At Euro 96, the song "Three Lions" by Baddiel, Skinner and The Lightning Seeds became the definitive anthem for fans on the terraces. [36] Venables announced before the tournament that he would resign at the end of it, following investigations into his personal financial activities and ahead of upcoming court cases. Due to the controversy around him, the FA stressed that he was the coach, not the manager, of the team. [37] [38]

Venables' successor, Glenn Hoddle, took the team to the 1998 World Cup   in which England were eliminated in the second round, again by Argentina and again on penalties (after a 2–2 draw). [39] In February 1999, Hoddle was sacked by the FA due to controversial comments he had made about disabled people to a newspaper. [40] Howard Wilkinson took over as caretaker manager for two matches. [41] Kevin Keegan was then appointed as the new permanent manager and took England to UEFA Euro 2000, but the team exited in the group stage and he unexpectedly resigned shortly afterwards. [42]

Sven-Göran Eriksson, Steve McClaren and Fabio Capello

The England team at the 2006 FIFA World Cup England team.jpg
The England team at the 2006 FIFA World Cup

Peter Taylor was appointed as caretaker manager for one match, before Sven-Göran Eriksson took charge between 2001 and 2006, and was the team's first non-English manager. [43] [44] Although England's players in this era were dubbed a "golden generation" and only lost five competitive matches during Eriksson's tenure, [45] they exited at the quarter-finals of the 2002 FIFA World Cup, UEFA Euro 2004 and the 2006 FIFA World Cup. [46] In January 2006 it was announced that Eriksson would leave the role following that year's World Cup. [47]

Steve McClaren was then appointed as manager, but after failing to qualify for Euro 2008 he was sacked on 22 November 2007 after 18 matches in charge. [48] The following month, he was replaced by a second foreign manager, Italian Fabio Capello. [49] England won all but one of their qualifying games for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, [50] but at the tournament itself, England drew their opening two games; this led to questions about the team's spirit, tactics and ability to handle pressure. [51] They progressed to the next round, where they were beaten 4–1 by Germany, their heaviest defeat in a World Cup finals tournament match. [52] The match became even more famous as a pivotal moment in the refereeing of the sport, leading directly to the introduction of goal line technology, after Frank Lampard scored a goal to tie the game at 2-2 and it was incorrectly ruled out for "failing to cross the goal line", potentially altering the course of the match and certainly exacerbating the discrepancy of its outcome. [53] In February 2012, Capello resigned from his role as England manager, following a disagreement with the FA over their request to remove John Terry from team captaincy after accusations of racial abuse concerning the player. [54]

Roy Hodgson, Sam Allardyce and Gareth Southgate

Following Capello's departure, Stuart Pearce was appointed as caretaker manager for one match, after which in May 2012, Roy Hodgson was announced as the new manager, just six weeks before UEFA Euro 2012. [55] England managed to finish top of their group, but exited the Championships in the quarter-finals via a penalty shoot-out against Italy. [56] In the 2014 FIFA World Cup, England were eliminated at the group stage for the first time since the 1958 World Cup. [57] At UEFA Euro 2016, England were eliminated in the round of 16, losing 2–1 to Iceland. [58] Hodgson resigned as manager in June 2016, [59] and just under a month later was replaced by Sam Allardyce. [60] After only 67 days in charge, Allardyce resigned from his managerial post by mutual agreement, after an alleged breach of FA rules, making him the shortest serving permanent England manager. [61]

The England line-up before the last match of group G against Belgium, 28 June 2018 England line-up before game v Belgium.jpg
The England line-up before the last match of group G against Belgium, 28 June 2018

Gareth Southgate, then the coach of the England under-21 team, was put in temporary charge of the national team until November 2016, [62] before being given the position on a permanent basis. [63] At the 2018 FIFA World Cup, England reached the semi-finals for only the third time. After finishing second in their group, England won on penalties against Colombia in the round of 16 before beating Sweden in the quarter-finals. [64] [65] [66] In the semi-final, they were beaten 2–1 in extra time by Croatia and finished 4th after losing the third place play-off match against Belgium. [67] [68] England striker Harry Kane finished the tournament as top scorer with six goals. [69]

On 14 November 2019, England played their 1000th International match, defeating Montenegro 7–0 at Wembley in a UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying match. [70] [71]

England cap awarded to Harry Kane for his appearance against Germany in June 2021 at the 2020 UEFA Euro, his 58th overall Harry Kane England cap at the London Museum.jpg
England cap awarded to Harry Kane for his appearance against Germany in June 2021 at the 2020 UEFA Euro, his 58th overall

At the delayed UEFA Euro 2020, England reached the final of a major tournament for the first time since 1966 and their first ever European Championship final appearance. [72] After finishing top of a group including Croatia, Scotland and Czech Republic, the Three Lions would subsequently defeat Germany, Ukraine and Denmark to advance to the final. [73] In the final held at Wembley, England were defeated by Italy on penalties after a 1–1 draw. [74]

At the 2022 World Cup, England defeated Iran and Wales in the group stage to qualify for the round of 16. [75] [76] In the round of 16, England defeated the reigning African champions Senegal by 3–0, [77] but were eliminated by the reigning world champions France in the quarter-finals, 2–1. [78] Harry Kane's goal against France was his 53rd for England, equalling the all-time record. [79] He would later miss an 84th-minute penalty with the chance to level the match. [80]

Team image

Kits and crest

Kit suppliers

Kit supplierPeriodRef
St. Blaize and Hope Brothers1949–1954 [81] [82]
Umbro 1954–1961 [83]
Bukta 1959–1965 [84] [85]
Umbro 1965–1974 [85]
Admiral 1974–1984 [85]
Umbro 1984–2013 [86]
Nike 2013–present [87]

Kit deals

Kit supplierPeriodContract
announcement
Contract
duration
Value
Nike 2013–present3 September 2012Spring 2013 – July 2018 (5 years) [88] Total £125m [89]
(£25m per year)
13 December 2016August 2018 – 2030 (12 years)Total £400m [90]
(£33.3m per year)

Crest

The motif of the England national football team has three lions passant guardant, the emblem of King Richard I, who reigned from 1189 to 1199. [91] In 1872, English players wore white jerseys emblazoned with the three lions crest of the Football Association. [92] The lions, often blue, have had minor changes to colour and appearance. [93] Initially topped by a crown, this was removed in 1949 when the FA was given an official coat of arms by the College of Arms; this introduced ten Tudor roses, one for each of the regional branches of the FA. [92] [94] Since 2003, England top their logo with a star to recognise their World Cup win in 1966; this was first embroidered onto the left sleeve of the home kit, and a year later was moved to its current position, first on the away shirt. [95]

Colours

England shirt for the 1966 World Cup final Eng1966 football shirt.jpeg
England shirt for the 1966 World Cup final

England's traditional home colours are white shirts, navy blue shorts and white or black socks. The team has periodically worn an all-white kit.

Although England's first away kits were blue, England's traditional away colours are red shirts, white shorts and red socks. In 1996, England's away kit was changed to grey shirts, shorts and socks. This kit was only worn three times, including against Germany in the semi-final of Euro 1996 but the deviation from the traditional red was unpopular with supporters and the England away kit remained red until 2011, when a navy blue away kit was introduced. The away kit is also sometimes worn during home matches, when a new edition has been released to promote it.

England have occasionally had a third kit. At the 1970 World Cup England wore a third kit with pale blue shirts, shorts and socks against Czechoslovakia. They had a kit similar to Brazil's, with yellow shirts, yellow socks and blue shorts which they wore in the summer of 1973. For the World Cup in 1986 England had a third kit of pale blue, imitating that worn in Mexico 16 years before and England retained pale blue third kits until 1992, but they were rarely used.

Umbro first agreed to manufacture the kit in 1954 and since then has supplied most of the kits, the exceptions being from 1959 to 1965 with Bukta and 1974–1984 with Admiral. Nike purchased Umbro in 2008 and took over as kit supplier in 2013 following their sale of the Umbro brand. [96]

Home stadium

Wembley Stadium during a friendly match between England and Germany Wembley enggermatch.jpg
Wembley Stadium during a friendly match between England and Germany

For the first 50 years of their existence, England played their home matches all around the country. They initially used cricket grounds before later moving on to football club stadiums. The original Empire Stadium was built in Wembley, London, for the British Empire Exhibition. [97] [98]

England played their first match at the stadium in 1924 against Scotland [99] and for the next 27 years Wembley was used as a venue for matches against Scotland only. The stadium later became known simply as Wembley Stadium and it became England's permanent home stadium during the 1950s. In October 2000, the stadium closed its doors, ending with a defeat against Germany. [100]

This stadium was demolished during the period of 2002–03, and work began to completely rebuild it. [101] During this time, England played at venues across the country, though by the time of the 2006 World Cup qualification, this had largely settled down to having Manchester United's Old Trafford stadium as the primary venue, with Newcastle United's St. James' Park used on occasions when Old Trafford was unavailable. [102]

Their first match in the new Wembley Stadium was in March 2007 when they drew with Brazil. [103] The stadium is now owned by the Football Association, via its subsidiary Wembley National Stadium Limited. [104]

Rivalries

England's three main rivalries are Scotland, Germany and Argentina. [105] Smaller rivalries with France, Wales and the Republic of Ireland have also been observed. [106] [107] [108]

England's rivalry with Scotland is one of the fiercest international rivalries that exists. [109] [110] It is the oldest international fixture in the world, first played in 1872 at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow. [111] The history of the British Isles has led to much rivalry between the nations in many forms, and the social and cultural effects of centuries of antagonism and conflict between the two has contributed to the intense nature of the sporting contests. Scottish nationalism has also been a factor in the Scots' desire to defeat England above all other rivals, with Scottish sports journalists traditionally referring to the English as the "Auld Enemy". [112] The footballing rivalry has diminished somewhat since the late 1970s, particularly since the annual fixture stopped in 1989. For England, games against Germany and Argentina are now considered to be more important than the historic rivalry with Scotland. [113]

England's rivalry with Germany is considered to be mainly an English phenomenon—in the run-up to any competition match between the two teams, many UK newspapers will print articles detailing results of previous encounters, such as those in 1966 and 1990. [114] However, this rivalry has diminished significantly in recent years. [115]

England's rivalry with Argentina is highly competitive. Games between the two teams, even those that are only friendly matches, are often marked by notable and sometimes controversial incidents such as the hand of God in 1986. [116] [117] The rivalry is unusual in that it is an intercontinental one; typically such footballing rivalries exist between bordering nations. England is regarded in Argentina as one of the major rivals of the national football team, matched only by Brazil and Uruguay. [117] The rivalry is, to a lesser extent reciprocal in England, locally described as a grudge match although matches against Germany carry a greater significance in popular perception. The rivalry emerged across several games during the latter half of the 20th century, even though as of 2008 the teams have played each other on only 14 occasions in full internationals. [118] The rivalry was intensified, particularly in Argentina, by non-footballing events, especially the 1982 Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom. [119] However, England and Argentina have not met since a friendly in November 2005. [118]

Songs

Numerous songs have been released about the England national football team.

Media coverage

All England matches are broadcast with full commentary on talkSPORT and BBC Radio 5 Live. From the 2008–09 season until the 2017–18 season, England's home and away qualifiers, and friendlies both home and away were broadcast live on ITV Sport (often with the exception of STV, the ITV franchisee in central and northern Scotland). England's away qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup were shown on Setanta Sports until that company's collapse. As a result of Setanta Sports's demise, England's World Cup qualifier in Ukraine on 10 October 2009 was shown in the United Kingdom on a pay-per-view basis via the internet only. This one-off event was the first time an England game had been screened in such a way. The number of subscribers, paying between £4.99 and £11.99 each, was estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000 and the total number of viewers at around 500,000. [120] In 2018, Sky Sports broadcast the England Nations League and in-season friendlies, until 2021 and ITV Sport broadcast the European Qualifiers for Euro-World Cups and pre-tournament friendlies (after the Nations League group matches end), until 2022. [121] In April 2022, Channel 4 won the rights for England matches until June 2024, including 2022–23 UEFA Nations League matches, UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying games, and friendlies. 2022 World Cup rights remained with the BBC and ITV. [122]

Results and fixtures

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

  Win  Draw  Loss  Fixture

2023

16 June 2023 UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying Malta  Flag of Malta.svg0–4Flag of England.svg  England Ta' Qali, Malta
20:45 CEST (UTC+2) Report
Stadium: National Stadium, Ta' Qali
Attendance: 16,277
Referee: Igor Pajac (Croatia)
19 June 2023 UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying England  Flag of England.svg7–0Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia Manchester, England
19:45 BST
Report Stadium: Old Trafford
Attendance: 70,708
Referee: István Kovács (Romania)
9 September 2023 UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying Ukraine  Flag of Ukraine.svg1–1Flag of England.svg  England Wrocław, Poland
17:00 BST Report
Stadium: Stadion Wrocław
Attendance: 39,000
Referee: Georgi Kabakov (Bulgaria)
12 September 2023 150th Anniversary Heritage Match Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg1–3Flag of England.svg  England Glasgow, Scotland
19:45 BST
Report
Stadium: Hampden Park
Attendance: 51,000
Referee: Davide Massa (Italy)
13 October 2023 Friendly England  Flag of England.svg1–0Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia London, England
19:45 BST
Report Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Attendance: 81,116
Referee: Stéphanie Frappart (France)
17 October 2023 UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying England  Flag of England.svg3–1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy London, England
19:45 BST
Report Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Attendance: 83,194
Referee: Clément Turpin (France)
17 November 2023 UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying England  Flag of England.svg2–0Flag of Malta.svg  Malta London, England
19:45 GMT (UTC±0)
Report Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Attendance: 81,388
Referee: Luis Godinho (Portugal)
20 November 2023 UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying North Macedonia  Flag of North Macedonia.svg1–1Flag of England.svg  England Skopje, North Macedonia
20:45 CEST (UTC+2)
Report
Stadium: Toše Proeski National Arena
Attendance: 27,982
Referee: Filip Glova (Slovakia)

2024

23 March 2024 Friendly England  Flag of England.svg0–1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil London, England
19:00 GMT (UTC±0) Report
Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Attendance: 83.467
Referee: Artur Soares Dias (Portugal)
26 March 2024 Friendly England  Flag of England.svg2–2Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium London, England
19:45 GMT (UTC±0)
Report
Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Attendance: 80,733
Referee: Sebastian Gishamer (Austria)
7 June 2024 Friendly England  Flag of England.svgvFlag of Iceland.svg  Iceland London, England
Stadium: Wembley Stadium
16 June 2024 UEFA Euro 2024 Group C Serbia  Flag of Serbia.svgvFlag of England.svg  England Gelsenkirchen, Germany
21:00 CEST (UTC+2) Report Stadium: Arena AufSchalke
20 June 2024 UEFA Euro 2024 Group C Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svgvFlag of England.svg  England Frankfurt, Germany
18:00 CEST (UTC+2) Report Stadium: Waldstadion
25 June 2024 UEFA Euro 2024 Group C England  Flag of England.svgvFlag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Cologne, Germany
21:00 CEST (UTC+2) Report Stadium: RheinEnergieStadion
10 September 2024 2024–25 UEFA Nations League B Group 2 England  Flag of England.svgvFlag of Finland.svg  Finland TBD, England
10 October 2024 2024–25 UEFA Nations League B Group 2 England  Flag of England.svgvFlag of Greece.svg  Greece TBD, England

Coaching staff

As of 15 March 2023 [123] [124] [125]
PositionName
Manager Flag of England.svg Gareth Southgate
Assistant manager Flag of England.svg Steve Holland
Goalkeeping coach Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Martyn Margetson
Coach Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink
Coach Flag of England.svg Paul Nevin
First-team doctor Flag of England.svg Mark Williams
Head of performance Flag of England.svg Steve Kemp
Physical performance coach Flag of England.svg Hailu Theodros
Flag of England.svg Chris Jones
Performance coach Flag of New Zealand.svg Owen Eastwood
Game insights analyst Flag of England.svg Katie Sorenson
Nutritionist Flag of England.svg Mike Naylor
Head of performance medicine Flag of England.svg Charlotte Cowie
Lead performance doctor Flag of England.svg Mark Williams
Lead physiotherapist Flag of England.svg Simon Spencer
Lead performance analyst Flag of England.svg Steve O'Brien
Senior performance analyst Flag of England.svg Michael Baker
Head of performance analysis and insight Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Rhys Long

Players

Current squad

The following 33 players were named in the squad for the preliminary training camp ahead of UEFA Euro 2024. [126]

Caps and goals are correct as of 26 March 2024, after the match against Belgium. [127] [128]

No.Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClub
1 GK Jordan Pickford (1994-03-07) 7 March 1994 (age 30)600 Flag of England.svg Everton
1 GK Aaron Ramsdale (1998-05-14) 14 May 1998 (age 26)40 Flag of England.svg Arsenal
1 GK Dean Henderson (1997-03-12) 12 March 1997 (age 27)10 Flag of England.svg Crystal Palace
1 GK James Trafford (2002-10-10) 10 October 2002 (age 21)00 Flag of England.svg Burnley

2 DF Kyle Walker (1990-05-28) 28 May 1990 (age 33)821 Flag of England.svg Manchester City
2 DF John Stones (1994-05-28) 28 May 1994 (age 29)713 Flag of England.svg Manchester City
2 DF Harry Maguire (1993-03-05) 5 March 1993 (age 31)637 Flag of England.svg Manchester United
2 DF Kieran Trippier (1990-09-19) 19 September 1990 (age 33)461 Flag of England.svg Newcastle United
2 DF Luke Shaw (1995-07-12) 12 July 1995 (age 28)313 Flag of England.svg Manchester United
2 DF Joe Gomez (1997-05-23) 23 May 1997 (age 26)130 Flag of England.svg Liverpool
2 DF Marc Guéhi (2000-07-13) 13 July 2000 (age 23)90 Flag of England.svg Crystal Palace
2 DF Lewis Dunk (1991-11-21) 21 November 1991 (age 32)50 Flag of England.svg Brighton & Hove Albion
2 DF Ezri Konsa (1997-10-23) 23 October 1997 (age 26)20 Flag of England.svg Aston Villa
2 DF Jarrad Branthwaite (2002-06-27) 27 June 2002 (age 21)00 Flag of England.svg Everton
2 DF Jarell Quansah (2003-01-29) 29 January 2003 (age 21)00 Flag of England.svg Liverpool

3 MF Declan Rice (1999-01-14) 14 January 1999 (age 25)503 Flag of England.svg Arsenal
3 MF Jude Bellingham (2003-06-29) 29 June 2003 (age 20)293 Flag of Spain.svg Real Madrid
3 MF Trent Alexander-Arnold (1998-10-07) 7 October 1998 (age 25)232 Flag of England.svg Liverpool
3 MF Conor Gallagher (2000-02-06) 6 February 2000 (age 24)120 Flag of England.svg Chelsea
3 MF James Maddison (1996-11-23) 23 November 1996 (age 27)60 Flag of England.svg Tottenham Hotspur
3 MF Kobbie Mainoo (2005-04-19) 19 April 2005 (age 19)20 Flag of England.svg Manchester United
3 MF Curtis Jones (2001-01-30) 30 January 2001 (age 23)00 Flag of England.svg Liverpool
3 MF Adam Wharton (2004-02-06) 6 February 2004 (age 20)00 Flag of England.svg Crystal Palace

4 FW Harry Kane (captain) (1993-07-28) 28 July 1993 (age 30)89 62 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
4 FW Jack Grealish (1995-09-10) 10 September 1995 (age 28)352 Flag of England.svg Manchester City
4 FW Phil Foden (2000-05-28) 28 May 2000 (age 23)334 Flag of England.svg Manchester City
4 FW Bukayo Saka (2001-09-05) 5 September 2001 (age 22)3211 Flag of England.svg Arsenal
4 FW Ollie Watkins (1995-12-30) 30 December 1995 (age 28)113 Flag of England.svg Aston Villa
4 FW Jarrod Bowen (1996-12-20) 20 December 1996 (age 27)70 Flag of England.svg West Ham United
4 FW Ivan Toney (1996-03-16) 16 March 1996 (age 28)21 Flag of England.svg Brentford
4 FW Eberechi Eze (1998-06-29) 29 June 1998 (age 25)20 Flag of England.svg Crystal Palace
4 FW Anthony Gordon (2001-02-24) 24 February 2001 (age 23)20 Flag of England.svg Newcastle United
4 FW Cole Palmer (2002-05-06) 6 May 2002 (age 22)20 Flag of England.svg Chelsea

    Recent call-ups

    The following players have also been called up to the England squad within the last twelve months.

    Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClubLatest call-up
    GK Sam Johnstone (1993-03-25) 25 March 1993 (age 31)40 Flag of England.svg Crystal Palace v. Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium , 26 March 2024INJ

    DF Ben Chilwell (1996-12-21) 21 December 1996 (age 27)211 Flag of England.svg Chelsea v. Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium , 26 March 2024
    DF Rico Lewis (2004-11-28) 28 November 2004 (age 19)10 Flag of England.svg Manchester City v. Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium , 26 March 2024
    DF Fikayo Tomori (1997-12-19) 19 December 1997 (age 26)50 Flag of Italy.svg AC Milan v. Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia , 20 November 2023
    DF Levi Colwill (2003-02-26) 26 February 2003 (age 21)10 Flag of England.svg Chelsea v. Flag of Malta.svg  Malta , 17 November 2023 INJ
    DF Tyrone Mings (1993-03-13) 13 March 1993 (age 31)182 Flag of England.svg Aston Villa v. Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia , 19 June 2023

    MF Jordan Henderson (vice-captain) (1990-06-17) 17 June 1990 (age 33)813 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ajax v. Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium , 26 March 2024
    MF Kalvin Phillips (1995-12-02) 2 December 1995 (age 28)311 Flag of England.svg West Ham United v. Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia , 20 November 2023

    FW Marcus Rashford (1997-10-31) 31 October 1997 (age 26)6017 Flag of England.svg Manchester United v. Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium , 26 March 2024
    FW Callum Wilson (1992-02-27) 27 February 1992 (age 32)92 Flag of England.svg Newcastle United v. Flag of Malta.svg  Malta , 17 November 2023 INJ
    FW Eddie Nketiah (1999-05-30) 30 May 1999 (age 24)10 Flag of England.svg Arsenal v. Flag of Italy.svg  Italy , 17 October 2023

    INJ Withdrew due to injury
    PRE Preliminary squad / standby
    RET Retired from the national team
    SUS Serving suspension
    WD Player withdrew from the squad due to non-injury issue.

    Individual records

    Most appearances

    As of 26 March 2024. [129]
    Goalkeeper Peter Shilton is England's most capped player with 125 appearances. Shilton.png
    Goalkeeper Peter Shilton is England's most capped player with 125 appearances.
    RankPlayerCapsGoalsPositionCareer
    1 Peter Shilton 1250GK1970–1990
    2 Wayne Rooney 12053FW2003–2018
    3 David Beckham 11517MF1996–2009
    4 Steven Gerrard 11421MF2000–2014
    5 Bobby Moore 1082DF1962–1973
    6 Ashley Cole 1070DF2001–2014
    7 Bobby Charlton 10649MF1958–1970
    Frank Lampard 10629MF1999–2014
    9 Billy Wright 1053DF1946–1959
    10 Bryan Robson 9026MF1980–1991

    Top goalscorers

    As of 26 March 2024. [130]
    Harry Kane is England's all-time top scorer with 62 goals. Harry Kane 2023.jpg
    Harry Kane is England's all-time top scorer with 62 goals.
    RankPlayerGoalsCapsAverageCareer
    1 Harry Kane (list)62890.702015–present
    2 Wayne Rooney (list)531200.442003–2018
    3 Bobby Charlton (list)491060.461958–1970
    4 Gary Lineker 48800.601984–1992
    5 Jimmy Greaves 44570.771959–1967
    6 Michael Owen 40890.451998–2008
    7 Nat Lofthouse 30330.911950–1958
    Alan Shearer 30630.481992–2000
    Tom Finney 30760.391946–1958
    10 Vivian Woodward 29231.261903–1911
    Frank Lampard 291060.271999–2014

    Most clean sheets

    As of 26 March 2024. [131]
    RankPlayerClean sheetsCapsAverageCareer
    1 Peter Shilton 661250.531970–1990
    2 Joe Hart 43750.572008–2017
    3 David Seaman 40750.531988–2002
    4 Gordon Banks 35730.481963–1972
    5 Jordan Pickford 28600.472017–present
    6 Ray Clemence 27610.441972–1983
    7 Chris Woods 26430.601985–1993
    8 Paul Robinson 24410.592003–2007
    9 David James 21530.401997–2010
    10 Nigel Martyn 13230.571992–2002

    Manager records

    Most manager appearances
    Walter Winterbottom: 139 [132]
    Highest win ratio (minimum 25 games in charge)
    Fabio Capello: 66.7% [133]
    Youngest to take job
    Walter Winterbottom: 33 years old [134] [135]
    Oldest to take job
    Roy Hodgson: 64 years old [136]

    Team records

    Biggest win [lower-alpha 1]
    13–0 vs. Ireland , 18 February 1882 [137]
    Biggest defeat
    1–7 vs. Hungary , 23 May 1954 [138]
    Longest unbeaten run
    22 games from 18 November 2020 to 29 March 2022 [139]
    Longest winless run
    7 games from 11 May 1958 to 4 October 1958 [140]
    Most consecutive wins
    10 games from 6 June 1908 to 1 June 1909 [141]
    Most consecutive matches without conceding a goal
    7 games from 2 June 2021 to 3 July 2021 [142]

    Competitive record

    For the all-time record of the national team against opposing nations, see the team's all-time record page

    FIFA World Cup

    2018 World Cup semi-final: Croatia vs. England 2018 World Cup Semifinal - England v Croatia.jpg
    2018 World Cup semi-final: Croatia vs. England
    Line-ups of the 2018 World Cup semi-final: England (white) vs. Croatia CRO-ENG 2018-07-11.svg
    Line-ups of the 2018 World Cup semi-final: England (white) vs. Croatia

    England first appeared at the 1950 FIFA World Cup, and have subsequently qualified for a total of 16 FIFA World Cup finals tournaments, tied for sixth best by number of appearances. [143] [144] They are also placed sixth by number of wins, with 32. The national team is one of only eight nations to have won at least one FIFA World Cup title. [145] The England team won their first and only World Cup title in 1966. [146] The tournament was played on home soil, and England defeated West Germany 4–2 in the final. [146] In 1990, England finished in fourth place, losing 2–1 to host nation Italy in the third place play-off, following defeat on penalties, after extra time, to champions West Germany in the semi-final. [147] They also finished in fourth place in 2018, losing 2–0 to Belgium in the third place play-off, following a 2–1 defeat to Croatia, again after extra time, in the semi-final. [148] The team also reached the quarter-final stage in 1954, 1962, 1970, 1986, 2002, 2006 and 2022. [149]

    England failed to qualify for the World Cup in 1974, 1978 and 1994. [150] The team's earliest exit in the finals tournament was its elimination in the first round in 1950, 1958 and, most recently, 2014. [151] [152] This was after being defeated in both their opening two matches for the first time, against Italy and Uruguay in Group D. [152] In 1950, four teams remained after the first round, in 1958 eight teams remained and in 2014 sixteen teams remained. In 2010, England suffered its most resounding World Cup defeat, 4–1 to Germany, in the round of 16 stage. [153]

    FIFA World Cup recordQualifying recordManager(s)
    YearRoundPosPldWD [lower-alpha 2] LGFGASquadPldWDLGFGA
    Flag of Uruguay.svg 1930 Not a FIFA memberNot a FIFA memberNone
    Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg 1934
    Flag of France (1794-1815).svg 1938
    Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg 1950 Group stage8th310222 Squad 3300143 Winterbottom
    Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg 1954 Quarter-finals7th311188 Squad 3300114
    Flag of Sweden.svg 1958 Group stage11th403145 Squad 4310155
    Flag of Chile.svg 1962 Quarter-finals8th411256 Squad 4310162
    Flag of England.svg 1966 Champions 1st6510113 Squad Qualified as hosts Ramsey
    Flag of Mexico.svg 1970 Quarter-finals8th420244 Squad Qualified as defending championsRamsey
    Flag of Germany.svg 1974 Did not qualify412134
    Flag of Argentina.svg 1978 6501154 Revie
    Flag of Spain.svg 1982 Second group stage6th532061 Squad 8413138 Greenwood
    Flag of Mexico.svg 1986 Quarter-finals8th521273 Squad 8440212 Robson
    Flag of Italy.svg 1990 Fourth place4th733186 Squad 6330100
    Flag of the United States.svg 1994 Did not qualify10532269 Taylor
    Flag of France (lighter variant).svg 1998 Round of 169th421174 Squad 8611152 Hoddle
    Flag of South Korea.svg Flag of Japan.svg 2002 [lower-alpha 3] Quarter-finals6th522163 Squad 8521166 Keegan, Wilkinson, Eriksson [lower-alpha 4]
    Flag of Germany.svg 2006 7th532062 Squad 10811175Eriksson
    Flag of South Africa.svg 2010 Round of 1613th412135 Squad 10901346 Capello
    Flag of Brazil.svg 2014 Group stage26th301224 Squad 10640314 Hodgson
    Flag of Russia.svg 2018 Fourth place4th7313128 Squad 10820183 Allardyce, Southgate [lower-alpha 5]
    Flag of Qatar.svg 2022 Quarter-finals6th5311134 Squad 10820393Southgate
    Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Flag of Mexico.svg Flag of the United States.svg 2026 To be determinedTo be determined
    Flag of Morocco.svg Flag of Portugal.svg Flag of Spain.svg 2030 [lower-alpha 6]
    Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 2034
    Total1 Title16/22743222201046812284271131470
     Champions   Runners-up   Third place    Fourth place    Hosted tournament
    Correct as of 10 December 2022

    UEFA European Championship

    England first entered the UEFA European Championship in 1964, [155] and have since qualified for eleven finals tournaments, [155] tied for fourth-best by number of finals appearances. England's best results at the tournament were finishing as runners-up in the 2020 edition (held in 2021), and a third-place finish in 1968, 1996 [156] a tournament they hosted. [157] In addition, England have reached the quarter-finals on two further occasions, in 2004 and 2012. [156]

    England's worst results in the finals tournament to date have been first round eliminations in 1980, 1988, 1992 and 2000, whilst they failed to qualify for the finals in 1964, 1972, 1976, 1984 and 2008. [155]

    UEFA European Championship recordQualifying recordManager(s)
    YearRoundPosPldWD [lower-alpha 2] LGFGASquadPldWDLGFGA
    Flag of France.svg 1960 Did not enterDid not enter Winterbottom
    Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg 1964 Did not qualify201136Winterbottom, Ramsey [lower-alpha 7]
    Flag of Italy.svg 1968 Third place3rd210121 Squad 8611186Ramsey
    Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 1972 Did not qualify [lower-alpha 8] 8521166Ramsey
    Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 1976 Did not qualify6321113 Revie
    Flag of Italy.svg 1980 Group stage6th311133 Squad 8710225 Greenwood
    Flag of France (lighter variant).svg 1984 Did not qualify8521233 Robson
    Flag of Germany.svg 1988 Group stage7th300327 Squad 6510191
    Flag of Sweden.svg 1992 7th302112 Squad 633073 Taylor
    Flag of England.svg 1996 Third place3rd [lower-alpha 9] 523083 Squad Qualified as hosts Venables
    Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2000 Group stage11th310256 Squad 10442165 Hoddle, Keegan [lower-alpha 10]
    Flag of Portugal.svg 2004 Quarter-finals5th4211106 Squad 8620145 Eriksson
    Flag of Austria.svg Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg 2008 Did not qualify12723247 McClaren
    Flag of Poland.svg Flag of Ukraine.svg 2012 Quarter-finals5th422053 Squad 8530175 Capello, Hodgson [lower-alpha 11]
    Flag of France (lighter variant).svg 2016 Round of 1612th412144 Squad 101000313Hodgson
    Flag of Europe.svg 2020 [lower-alpha 12] Runners-up 2nd7520112 Squad 8701376 Southgate
    Flag of Germany.svg 2024 Qualified8620224Southgate
    Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Ireland.svg 2028 To be determinedTo be determined
    Flag of Italy.svg Flag of Turkey.svg 2032 To be determined
    TotalRunners-up11/1738151310513711679261127068
     Champions   Runners-up   Semi-finalists/Third place    Hosted tournament
    Correct as of 20 November 2023

    UEFA Nations League

    England have competed in the UEFA Nations League since its inaugural season in 2018–19, when they qualified for the 2019 finals and finished third overall. To date this is their only appearance in the finals and their best performance in the competition.

    UEFA Nations League record
    League phase [lower-alpha 13] FinalsManager(s)
    SeasonLgGrpPosPldWDLGFGAP/RRnkYearPosPldWD [lower-alpha 2] LGFGASquad
    2018–19 A 4 1st421165Steady3.svg3rd Flag of Portugal.svg 2019 3rd201113 Squad Southgate
    2020–21 A 2 3rd631274Steady3.svg9th Flag of Italy.svg 2021 Did not qualifySouthgate
    2022–23 A 3 4th6033410Decrease2.svg15th Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2023
    2024–25 B 2 To be determinedFlag of none.svg 2025
    Total1655617193rdTotal1/4201113
     Champions   Runners-up   Third place    Fourth place  
    Correct as of 8 February 2024

    Minor tournaments

    YearRoundPositionPldWD [lower-alpha 2] LGFGARef.
    Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg 1964 Taça de Nações Group stage3rd301227 [159]
    Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg 1976 USA Bicentennial Cup Tournament Group stage2nd320164 [160]
    Flag of Scotland.svg 1985 Rous Cup One match2nd100101 [161]
    Flag of Mexico.svg 1985 Ciudad de México Cup Tournament Group stage3rd200213 [162]
    Flag of Mexico.svg 1985 Azteca 2000 Tournament Group stage2nd210131 [163]
    Flag of England.svg 1986 Rous Cup Winners, one match1st110021 [161]
    Flag of England.svg Flag of Scotland.svg 1987 Rous Cup Group stage2nd202011 [161]
    Flag of England.svg Flag of Scotland.svg 1988 Rous Cup Winners, group stage1st211021 [161]
    Flag of England.svg Flag of Scotland.svg 1989 Rous Cup Winners, group stage1st211020 [161]
    Flag of England.svg 1991 England Challenge Cup Winners, group stage1st211053 [164]
    Flag of England.svg 1995 Umbro Cup Group stage2nd311167 [165]
    Flag of France (lighter variant).svg 1997 Tournoi de France Winners, group stage1st320131 [166]
    Flag of Morocco.svg 1998 King Hassan II International Cup Tournament Group stage2nd211010 [167]
    Flag of England.svg 2004 FA Summer Tournament Winners, group stage1st211072 [168]
    Total6 Title331210114337

    Honours

    Elizabeth II presents the Jules Rimet Trophy to England captain Bobby Moore, after winning the 1966 World Cup. The Queen presents the 1966 World Cup to England Captain, Bobby Moore. (7936243534).jpg
    Elizabeth II presents the Jules Rimet Trophy to England captain Bobby Moore, after winning the 1966 World Cup.

    Major

    Regional

    Awards

    Exhibition tournament

    Summary

    CompetitionGold medal icon.svgSilver medal icon.svgBronze medal icon.svgTotal
    FIFA World Cup 1001
    UEFA European Championship 0123
    UEFA Nations League 0011
    Total1135

    See also

    Notes

    1. England's two largest victories (13–0 away and then 13–2 at home) coincidentally both occurred on 18 February, against Ireland. Four of England's five largest margins of victory occurred away from home. As well as the 13–0 victory, they defeated Austria 11–1 in 1908, Portugal 10–0 in 1947, United States 10–0 in 1964 and San Marino 10–0 in 2021.
    2. 1 2 3 4 Draws include knockout matches decided by a penalty shoot-out.
    3. England played all of their matches in Japan.
    4. Kevin Keegan and Howard Wilkinson managed one qualifying match each: Sven-Göran Eriksson managed the remaining qualification matches and the finals campaign.
    5. Sam Allardyce managed one qualifying match: Gareth Southgate managed the remaining qualification matches and the finals campaign.
    6. Additional matches are scheduled to be played in Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the first world cup, however they are not considered to be official hosts of the tournament. [154]
    7. England were defeated by France in a two-legged elimination round. Alf Ramsey took over from Walter Winterbottom between the two legs.
    8. Although England did not qualify for the finals, they reached the last eight of the competition. Only the last four teams progressed to the finals.
    9. Both losing semi-finalists are considered to hold joint third place. Third place play-offs were scrapped after Euro 1980. [158]
    10. Glenn Hoddle managed the first three qualifiers, while Kevin Keegan managed the remaining qualification matches and the finals campaign.
    11. Fabio Capello managed the qualification campaign. He resigned before the final tournament and was replaced by Roy Hodgson.
    12. The tournament was held in 11 cities in 11 UEFA countries. London's Wembley Stadium hosted all of England's games except for their quarter final match which was hosted in the San Siro in Rome.
    13. League phase is played home and away. Flag shown represents host nation for the finals.

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