UEFA Euro 1996

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UEFA Euro 96
England '96
UEFA Euro 1996 logo.svg
UEFA Euro 1996 official logo
Football Comes Home
Tournament details
Host countryEngland
Dates8–30 June
Teams16
Venue(s)8 (in 8 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Germany.svg  Germany (3rd title)
Runners-upFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Tournament statistics
Matches played31
Goals scored64 (2.06 per match)
Attendance1,275,857 (41,157 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of England.svg Alan Shearer (5 goals)
Best player(s) Flag of Germany.svg Matthias Sammer
1992
2000

The 1996 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 96, was the 10th UEFA European Championship, a quadrennial football tournament contested by European nations and organised by UEFA. It took place in England from 8 to 30 June 1996.

UEFA European Championship European association football tournament for mens national teams

The UEFA European Championship is the primary association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), determining the continental champion of Europe. Held every four years since 1960, in the even-numbered year between World Cup tournaments, it was originally called the UEFA European Nations' Cup, changing to the current name in 1968. Starting with the 1996 tournament, specific championships are often referred to in the form "UEFA Euro [year]"; this format has since been retroactively applied to earlier tournaments.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Contents

It was the first European Championship to feature 16 finalists, following UEFA's decision to expand the tournament from eight teams. Games were staged in eight cities and, although not all games were sold out, the tournament holds the European Championship's second-highest aggregate attendance (1,276,000) and average per game (41,158) for the 16-team format, [1] surpassed only in 2012. [2] It was also the first European Championships where 3 points for a win were awarded during the qualification and group stages, following the previous system of 2 points being awarded for a win, reflecting the growing use of this system in domestic leagues throughout the world during the previous decade.

UEFA Euro 2012 2012 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 2012 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2012 or simply Euro 2012, was the 14th European Championship for men's national football teams organised by UEFA. The final tournament, held between 8 June and 1 July 2012, was co-hosted for the first time by Poland and Ukraine, and was won by Spain, who beat Italy 4–0 in the final at the Olympic Stadium, Kiev, Ukraine.

Germany won the tournament, beating the Czech Republic 2–1 in the final with a golden goal during extra time; this was the first major competition to be decided using this method. This was also Germany's first major title won as a unified nation.

Germany national football team mens national association football team representing Germany

The Germany national football team is the men's football team that has represented Germany in international competition since 1908. It is governed by the German Football Association, founded in 1900. Ever since the DFB was reinaugurated in 1949 the team has represented the Federal Republic of Germany. Under Allied occupation and division, two other separate national teams were also recognised by FIFA: the Saarland team representing the Saarland (1950–1956) and the East German team representing the German Democratic Republic (1952–1990). Both have been absorbed along with their records by the current national team. The official name and code "Germany FR (FRG)" was shortened to "Germany (GER)" following the reunification in 1990.

Czech Republic national football team mens national association football team representing the Czech Republic

The Czech national football team represents the Czech Republic in association football and is controlled by the Football Association of the Czech Republic, the governing body for football in the Czech Republic. Historically, the team participated in FIFA and UEFA competitions as Bohemia, Austria-Hungary and Czechoslovakia, finishing second at the 1934 and 1962 World Cups and winning the European Championship in 1976.

German reunification process in 1990 in which East and West Germany once again became one country

The German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic became part of the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23. The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity, celebrated on 3 October. Following German reunification, Berlin was once again designated as the capital of united Germany.

Bid process

At the time of the bidding process, it had not yet been confirmed that sixteen teams would be participating. Instead, the bids were largely prepared as if hosting an eight-team tournament, meaning only four venues were due to be required. [3] All candidates had to submit their plans by 10 December 1991. [4]

The hosting of the event was contested by five bids: Austria, England, Greece, the Netherlands and Portugal. The English bid was selected by the UEFA Executive Committee at a meeting in Lisbon on 5 May 1992. [5] In the year preceding the decision, the English FA had dropped plans to also bid for the 1998 World Cup in order to gain the support of other UEFA members who were planning to bid for that event. [5]

Lisbon Capital city in Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal

Lisbon is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 505,526 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2. Its urban area extends beyond the city's administrative limits with a population of around 2.8 million people, being the 11th-most populous urban area in the European Union. About 3 million people live in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, including the Portuguese Riviera,. It is mainland Europe's westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus. The westernmost areas of its metro area form the westernmost point of Continental Europe, which is known as Cabo da Roca, located in the Sintra Mountains.

The Football Association governing body of association football in England

The Football Association (FA) is the governing body of association football in England, the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man. Formed in 1863, it is the oldest football association in the world and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the amateur and professional game in its territory.

Summary

Group matches

The hosts, England, drew 1–1 with Switzerland in the opening match of Group A when Alan Shearer's 23rd-minute goal was cancelled out by a late Kubilay Türkyilmaz penalty kick. [6] England defeated rivals Scotland 2–0 in their next game, and then produced one of their finest performances ever with a 4–1 win over the Netherlands. [7] Patrick Kluivert's late goal for the Netherlands secured his team second place in the group and ensured that Scotland would exit another major competition on goal difference. [8]

The Switzerland national football team is the national football team of Switzerland. The team is controlled by the Swiss Football Association.

Alan Shearer English footballer and pundit

Alan Shearer, CBE, DL is an English retired footballer. He played as a striker in the top level of English league football for Southampton, Blackburn Rovers, Newcastle United and the England national team. He is Newcastle's and the Premier League's record goalscorer. He was named Football Writers' Association Player of the Year in 1994 and won the PFA Player of the Year award in 1995. In 1996, he was third in the FIFA World Player of the Year awards. In 2004 Shearer was named by Pelé in the FIFA 100 list of the world's greatest living players.

Kubilay Türkyilmaz Turkish-Swiss football player

Kubilay "Kubi" Türkyilmaz is a former Swiss footballer who played as a forward. He completed his international career as the all-time joint leading goal scorer for the Swiss national team, with 34 goals in 64 appearances between 1988 and 2001, equalling the performance of Max Abegglen. Their record was bettered by Alexander Frei in 2008.

A Group A game between Scotland and the Netherlands at Villa Park Scotland-holland euro 96.jpg
A Group A game between Scotland and the Netherlands at Villa Park

Group B had Western European France and Spain, along with Balkan World Cup participants Romania and Bulgaria. France and Spain dominated the group, [9] [10] with France avenging Bulgaria for the 1994 qualification debacle, [11] and World Cup quarter-finalists Romania going home, [12] with no points and only one goal scored.

Groups C and D saw the Czech Republic and Croatia, whose national teams had only recently come into existence, qualify for the knockout stages. The Czechs lost to Germany, the eventual group winners, in their opener, but then defeated Italy and drew with Russia. [13] [14] Italy's defeat meant they had to beat Germany in their final game to progress, but the World Cup finalists could only manage a 0–0 draw and were eliminated. [15] In Group D, Croatia qualified for the quarter-finals, with wins over Turkey (1–0) and Denmark (3–0). [16] The loss to the Croats ultimately sent the Danes, the surprise champions of 1992, home. Turkey became the first team since the introduction of a group stage to be eliminated without gaining a point or scoring a goal.

The other three quarter-finalists were Portugal (whose "Golden Generation" was competing at its first major tournament), Spain, and a France team featuring a young Zinedine Zidane.

Quarter-finals and semi-finals

The knockout stages were characterised by negative, defensive play; as a result, only nine goals were scored in the seven games and four of the matches were decided on penalties. The first quarter-final between the hosts and Spain ended goalless, after Spain had two goals disallowed and two claims for a penalty denied. [17] The English progressed 4–2 on spot kicks. [18] France and Netherlands also played out a 0–0 draw, with France winning the penalty shootout 5–4. [19] Jürgen Klinsmann opened the scoring for Germany in their match against Croatia. A goal from Davor Šuker evened the score after 51 minutes, before Matthias Sammer of Germany scored eight minutes later, and the game ended 2–1 to Germany. [20] Czech Republic progressed after beating Portugal 1–0. [21] [22]

The view of Wembley Stadium from Wembley Way before the semi-final between Germany and England Wembley Twin Towers.jpg
The view of Wembley Stadium from Wembley Way before the semi-final between Germany and England

The first semi-final, featuring France and Czech Republic, resulted in another 0–0 draw and penalties. Reynald Pedros was the one player to miss in the shootout, as Czech Republic won the penalty shoot-out 6–5. [23] The other semi-final was a repeat of the 1990 World Cup semi-final between Germany and England. Alan Shearer headed in after three minutes to give his side the lead, but Stefan Kuntz evened the score less than 15 minutes later, and the score remained 1–1 after 90 minutes. In extra time, Paul Gascoigne came very close to scoring a golden goal, but fractionally missed a cross from Shearer in front of the empty goal, Darren Anderton hit the post, and Kuntz had a goal disallowed for pushing. Neither team was able to find a second goal. In penalties, both sides scored their first five kicks, but in the sixth round, Gareth Southgate had his penalty saved, allowing Andreas Möller to score the winning goal. [24]

Final match

The final saw the Czech Republic hoping to repeat Euro 1976 when Czechoslovakia defeated West Germany; the Germans were aiming to win their third European Championship. Patrik Berger scored from a penalty in 59th minute to put the Czechs ahead. German substitute Oliver Bierhoff then scored to make it 1–1. Five minutes into extra time, Bierhoff's shot was mishandled by Czech goalkeeper Kouba and the ball ended up in the back of the net for the first golden goal in the history of the competition. [25] Germany were European champions again, the first time as a unified country.

Qualification

On 30 November 1992, UEFA formally decided to expand the tournament to sixteen teams. [26] UEFA cited the increased number of international teams following the recent break up of the Soviet Union and of Yugoslavia – rising from 33 UEFA members in 1988 to 48 by 1994 – as a driving factor behind the expansion. [27] Forty-seven teams ultimately entered to compete for the fifteen remaining places in the finals, alongside hosts England. [28]

The draw for the qualifying competition took place in Manchester on 22 January 1994. [29] The teams were divided into eight groups, each containing either six or five teams. The qualifying process began in April 1994 and concluded in December 1995. At the conclusion of the qualifying group stage in November 1995, the eight group winners qualified automatically, along with the six highest ranked second placed teams. The remaining two second placed teams – The Netherlands and the Republic of Ireland – contested a one-off play-off match in England to decide the final qualifier.

Qualified teams

With the extended format, three teams were able to qualify for their first European Championship: Bulgaria, Switzerland and Turkey. Croatia, the Czech Republic and Russia competed for the first time in their own right since the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union (though the Russian team is considered by FIFA to be the direct descendant of the Soviet Union and CIS teams that had appeared in six past tournaments and the Czech team is the descendant of the Czechoslovakia team). Seven of the eight participants at the previous tournament in 1992 were again present, with only Sweden – despite also having finished third in the World Cup two years earlier – missing out.

The following sixteen teams qualified for the finals:

TeamQualified asPrevious appearances in tournament [upper-alpha 1]
Flag of England.svg  England Host4 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1992)
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Group 1 winner1 (1984)
Flag of France.svg  France Group 1 runner-up3 ( 1960 , 1984 , 1992)
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Group 2 winner4 ( 1964 , 1980, 1984, 1988)
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Group 2 runner-up4 (1964, 1984, 1988, 1992 )
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Group 3 winner0 (debut)
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Group 3 runner-up0 (debut)
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Group 4 winner0 (debut)
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Group 4 runner-up3 ( 1968 , 1980 , 1988)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic [upper-alpha 2] Group 5 winner3 (1960, 1976 , 1980)
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Group 6 winner1 (1984)
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [upper-alpha 3] Group 7 winner6 ( 1972 , 1976, 1980 , 1984, 1988 , 1992)
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Group 7 runner-up0 (debut)
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia [upper-alpha 4] Group 8 winner6 ( 1960 , 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1992)
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Group 8 runner-up1 (1992)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Play-off winner4 (1976, 1980, 1988 , 1992)
  1. Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  2. From 1960 to 1980, the Czech Republic competed as Czechoslovakia.
  3. From 1972 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany.
  4. From 1960 to 1988, Russia competed as the Soviet Union, and in 1992 as CIS.

Final draw

The draw for the final tournament took place on 17 December 1995 at the International Convention Centre in Birmingham. [30] Only four teams were seeded: England (as hosts), Denmark (as holders), Spain and Germany. The remaining twelve teams were all unseeded and could be drawn in any group. [30]

SeededPot
  1. Hosts England were automatically assigned to position A1.
  2. Defending champions Denmark were automatically assigned to Pot 1.

In the draw procedure, the unseeded teams were drawn one-by-one and placed consecutively into four groups labeled I to IV. The first four were placed in position 4 of each group, the next four in position 3, and the last 4 in position 2. Next the four seeded teams were drawn and placed consecutively into position 1 of the groups. While it was decreed in advance that England's group (labeled as III) would be Group A, the remaining three groups then consecutively (from I, II, to IV) had a letter drawn to decide the name of their group, and therefore determine what venues they would play at. [30] The balls were drawn by UEFA figures Gerhard Aigner and Lennart Johansson. [30]

The draw resulted in the following groups: [31]

Group A
PosTeam
A1Flag of England.svg  England
A2Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
A3Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
A4Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
Group B
PosTeam
B1Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
B2Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
B3Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
B4Flag of France.svg  France
Group C
PosTeam
C1Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
C2Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
C3Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
C4Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Group D
PosTeam
D1Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
D2Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
D3Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
D4Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia

Venues

Since the implementation of the Taylor Report in 1990, following the 1989 Hillsborough stadium disaster, England now had enough all-seater stadia of sufficient capacity to hold an expanded tournament due to the necessary stadium refurbishment by its leading clubs. The stadium capacities listed in the table are for the time of the tournament.

London Manchester
Wembley Stadium Old Trafford
Capacity: 76,567Capacity: 55,000
The Charity Shield of 1974 at Wembley - geograph.org.uk - 620498.jpg Old Trafford march 1992.JPG
Liverpool Birmingham
Anfield Villa Park
Capacity: 42,730Capacity: 40,310
View of inside Anfield Stadium from Anfield Road Stand.jpg Villa Park.jpg
Leeds Sheffield Nottingham Newcastle
Elland Road Hillsborough City Ground St James' Park
Capacity: 40,204Capacity: 39,859Capacity: 30,539Capacity: 36,649
Ellandrd.jpg Sheffield Wednesday FC.jpg City Ground, Nottingham - geograph.org.uk - 83567.jpg Bulgaria Romania Euro 96 A.jpg

Squads

Each national team had to submit a squad of 22 players, three of whom must be goalkeepers.

Finals format

To accommodate the expansion from an 8-team finals tournament to 16 teams, the format was changed from that used in 1992 with the addition of two extra groups in the group stage, and an extra round in the knockout phases. The four groups (A to D) still contained four teams each, with the top two from each group still going through to the knockout phase. 8 teams then went into the new quarter-finals, ahead of the usual semi-finals and final, with 8 teams going out at the group stage. The format is exactly the one which was applied to the 1962, 1966 and 1970 World Cups, except for the absence of a third place play-off.

Match ball

A custom version of the Adidas Questra, the Questra Europa, was the official match ball of the championships. The design of the ball included a reworking of the England badge, and was the first coloured ball in a major football tournament. [32]

Match officials

Match officials are listed in the two collapsed tables below.

Group stage

Finishing positions of the participating teams Euro 1996.png
Finishing positions of the participating teams

The teams finishing in the top two positions in each of the four groups progress to the quarter-finals, while the bottom two teams in each group were eliminated from the tournament. For the first time at a European Championship three points were awarded for a win, with one for a draw and a none for a defeat.

All times are local, BST (UTC+1).

Tiebreakers

If two or more teams finished level on points after completion of the group matches, the following tie-breakers were used to determine the final ranking:

  1. Higher number of points obtained in the matches played between the teams in question;
  2. Superior goal difference resulting from the matches played between the teams in question (if more than two teams finish equal on points);
  3. Higher number of goals scored in the matches played between the teams in question (if more than two teams finish equal on points);
  4. If, after having applied criteria 1 to 3 to more than two teams, two teams still have an equal ranking, criteria 1 to 3 are reapplied exclusively to the matches between the two teams in question to determine the final rankings of the two teams. If this procedure does not lead to a decision, criteria 5 to 9 apply in the order given;
  5. Superior goal difference in all group matches;
  6. Higher number of goals scored in all group matches;
  7. Position using UEFA's national team coefficient ranking system calculated using average points per game from: the Euro 1992 qualifying stage and final tournament, the 1994 World Cup qualifying stage and final tournament and the Euro 1996 qualifying stage.
  8. Fair play conduct of the teams (final tournament);
  9. Drawing of lots.

Group A

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of England.svg  England (H)321072+57Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 31113414
3Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 31111214
4Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 30121431
Source: UEFA
(H) Host.
England  Flag of England.svg 1–1 Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
Shearer Soccerball shade.svg 23' Report Türkyilmaz Soccerball shade.svg 83' (pen.)
Attendance: 76,567
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 0–0 Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
Report
Attendance: 34,363
Referee: Leif Sundell (Sweden)

Switzerland   Flag of Switzerland.svg 0–2 Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Report
Attendance: 36,800
Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg 0–2 Flag of England.svg  England
Report
Attendance: 76,864

Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg 1–0 Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
McCoist Soccerball shade.svg 36' Report
Attendance: 34,946
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1–4 Flag of England.svg  England
Kluivert Soccerball shade.svg 78' Report
Attendance: 76,798

Group B

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of France.svg  France 321052+37Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 312043+15
3Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 31113414
4Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 30031430
Source: UEFA
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 1–1 Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Alfonso Soccerball shade.svg 74' Report Stoichkov Soccerball shade.svg 65' (pen.)
Attendance: 24,006
Romania  Flag of Romania.svg 0–1 Flag of France.svg  France
Report Dugarry Soccerball shade.svg 25'
Attendance: 26,323

Bulgaria  Flag of Bulgaria.svg 1–0 Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Stoichkov Soccerball shade.svg 3' Report
Attendance: 19,107
France  Flag of France.svg 1–1 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Djorkaeff Soccerball shade.svg 48' Report Caminero Soccerball shade.svg 85'
Attendance: 35,626
Referee: Vadim Zhuk (Belarus)

France  Flag of France.svg 3–1 Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Report Stoichkov Soccerball shade.svg 69'
Attendance: 26,976
Romania  Flag of Romania.svg 1–2 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Răducioiu Soccerball shade.svg 29' Report
Attendance: 32,719
Referee: Ahmet Çakar (Turkey)

Group C

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 321050+57Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 31115614
3Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 31113304
4Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 30124841
Source: UEFA
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–0 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Report
Attendance: 37,300
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 2–1 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Casiraghi Soccerball shade.svg 5', 52' Report Tsymbalar Soccerball shade.svg 21'
Attendance: 35,120

Czech Republic  Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 2–1 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Report Chiesa Soccerball shade.svg 18'
Attendance: 37,320
Russia  Flag of Russia.svg 0–3 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Report
Attendance: 50,760

Russia  Flag of Russia.svg 3–3 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Report
Attendance: 21,128
Referee: Anders Frisk (Sweden)
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 0–0 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Report
Attendance: 53,740

Group D

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 321051+47Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 320143+16
3Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 31114404
4Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 30030550
Source: UEFA
Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg 1–1 Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
B. Laudrup Soccerball shade.svg 22' Report Sá Pinto Soccerball shade.svg 53'
Attendance: 34,993
Turkey  Flag of Turkey.svg 0–1 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Report Vlaović Soccerball shade.svg 86'
Attendance: 22,406

Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 1–0 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Couto Soccerball shade.svg 66' Report
Attendance: 22,670
Croatia  Flag of Croatia.svg 3–0 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Report
Attendance: 33,671
Referee: Marc Batta (France)

Croatia  Flag of Croatia.svg 0–3 Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Report
Attendance: 20,484
Turkey  Flag of Turkey.svg 0–3 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Report
Attendance: 28,671

Knockout stage

The knockout stage was a single-elimination tournament with each round eliminating the losers. Any game that was undecided by the end of the regular 90 minutes, was followed by up to thirty minutes of extra time. For the first time in a major football competition, the golden goal system was applied, whereby the first team to score during the extra time would become the winner. If no goal was scored there would be a penalty shoot-out to determine the winner. For the first time the final was won by a golden goal.

As with every tournament since UEFA Euro 1984, there was no third place play-off.

All times are local, BST (UTC+1).

Bracket

 
Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
 
          
 
22 June – Liverpool
 
 
Flag of France.svg  France (p)0 (5)
 
26 June – Manchester
 
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 0 (4)
 
Flag of France.svg  France 0 (5)
 
23 June – Birmingham
 
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic (p)0 (6)
 
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 1
 
30 June – London
 
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 0
 
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 1
 
23 June – Manchester
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany (golden goal)2
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2
 
26 June – London
 
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 1
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany (p)1 (6)
 
22 June – London
 
Flag of England.svg  England 1 (5)
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 0 (2)
 
 
Flag of England.svg  England (p)0 (4)
 

Quarter-finals

Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 0–0 (a.e.t.)Flag of England.svg  England
Report
Penalties
2–4
Wembley Stadium, London
Attendance: 75,440 [18]
Referee: Marc Batta (France)


Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–1 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Report Šuker Soccerball shade.svg 51'
Old Trafford, Manchester
Attendance: 43,412 [20]
Referee: Leif Sundell (Sweden)

Czech Republic  Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 1–0 Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Poborský Soccerball shade.svg 53' Report
Villa Park, Birmingham
Attendance: 26,832 [21]
Referee: Hellmut Krug (Germany)

Semi-finals


Final

Czech Republic  Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 1–2 (a.e.t.)Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Berger Soccerball shade.svg 59' (pen.) Report Bierhoff Soccerball shade.svg 73', Soccerball shade gold.svg 95'
Wembley Stadium, London
Attendance: 73,611 [25]
Referee: Pierluigi Pairetto (Italy)

Statistics

Goalscorers

There were 64 goals scored in 31 matches, for an average of 2.06 goals per match.

5 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

1 own goal

Awards

Team of the Tournament [33] [34]
GoalkeepersDefendersMidfieldersForwards
Flag of England.svg David Seaman
Flag of Germany.svg Andreas Köpke
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Radoslav Látal
Flag of France.svg Laurent Blanc
Flag of France.svg Marcel Desailly
Flag of Germany.svg Matthias Sammer
Flag of Italy.svg Paolo Maldini
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Karel Poborský
Flag of England.svg Paul Gascoigne
Flag of England.svg Steve McManaman
Flag of France.svg Didier Deschamps
Flag of Germany.svg Dieter Eilts
Flag of Portugal.svg Rui Costa
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Hristo Stoichkov
Flag of Croatia.svg Davor Šuker
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Pavel Kuka
Flag of England.svg Alan Shearer
Flag of France.svg Youri Djorkaeff
Golden Boot

Alan Shearer was awarded the Golden Boot award, after scoring five goals in the group stage and in the semi-finals against Germany.

UEFA Player of the Tournament

Marketing

Slogan and theme songs

The competition slogan was Football Comes Home reflecting that the sport's rules were first standardised in the United Kingdom. UEFA President Lennart Johansson had said that the organisation had felt it time to bring the event "back to the motherland of football". [29]

The slogan was incorporated into the competition's most popular song: "Three Lions" recorded by comedians David Baddiel and Frank Skinner with Britpop band the Lightning Seeds. Baddiel and Skinner were then strongly connected with football owing to their BBC show Fantasy Football League . [35] Released as a single, the song topped the UK Singles Chart for a total of two weeks. [36] It was promoted by a video featuring the England squad. [35]

The song was prominently sung by England fans during all their games, and was also chanted by the German team upon parading the trophy in Berlin after the tournament. It was even referenced by future Prime Minister Tony Blair in an address at the 1996 Labour Party Conference with the line: "Seventeen years of hurt, never stopped us dreaming, Labour's coming home". [37]

"Three Lions" was the official song of the England team, and is the song most strongly connected with the tournament, however the official song of the tournament was "We're in This Together" by Simply Red. The song was performed at the tournament's opening ceremony. [38]

Merchandise and mascots

The British Royal Mint issued a commemorative £2 coin in 1996, which featured a representation of a football, "1996" in the centre, and 16 small rings representing the 16 competing teams. Further special coins were only issued in the Isle of Man and Gibraltar. [39]

The official mascot, 'Goaliath', was designed in a similar fashion to the original World Cup mascot from the 1966 World Cup. Goaliath comprised a lion, the image on the English team crest, dressed in an England football strip and football boots whilst holding a football under his right arm. [40]

Sponsorship

Event sponsors

Controversies

Terrorist attack

A terrorist attack took place in Manchester on 15 June, one day before the group stage match between Germany and Russia was due to take place in the same city. [43] The detonation of a van bomb in the city centre injured 212 people and caused an estimated £700 million worth of damage. Four days after the blast, the Provisional Irish Republican Army issued a statement in which it claimed responsibility, but regretted causing injury to civilians. [44]

The Manchester bombing was the first and so far only major terrorist attack in the host city of an ongoing UEFA European Championship. The scheduled match at Old Trafford on the day following the bombing went ahead as planned after the stadium had been heavily guarded overnight and carefully searched; the game, in which Germany defeated Russia 3–0, was watched by a near capacity crowd of 50,700.

Disorder

After England's defeat to Germany in the semi-finals, a large-scale riot took place in Trafalgar Square and the surrounding area. Further outbreaks of trouble occurred in the streets of several other towns. The police, German-made cars were targeted, with damage also caused to various other properties. [45] A Russian student was stabbed in Brighton after attackers mistook him for being German. [46]

Despite this outbreak, the tournament overall was free of hooliganism, helping rehabilitate England's reputation after their fans' conduct during the previous decades. [45] UEFA's awarding of the tournament to England was in itself a further step in bringing the country back fully into the international fold, coming soon after their decision in 1990 to re-admit English clubs back into UEFA competitions after the indefinite ban issued to them following the Heysel Stadium disaster in 1985. [47] [48]

Notes

  1. Gallagher suffered an injury in the 28th minute and was replaced by fourth official Paul Durkin (England).

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