Turkey national football team

Last updated

Turkey
Turk milli takimlar gogus armasi.png
Nickname(s) Ay-Yıldızlılar
(The Crescent-Stars) [1]
Association Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu (TFF)
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Head coach Şenol Güneş [2]
Captain Emre Belözoğlu
Most caps Rüştü Reçber (120)
Top scorer Hakan Şükür (51)
FIFA code TUR [3]
Kit left arm TUR18h.png
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body TUR18h.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm TUR18h.png
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts TUR18h.png
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks pol18A.png
Kit socks long.svg
First colours
Kit left arm usa18h.png
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body TUR18a.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm usa18h.png
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts usa18h.png
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks pol18H.png
Kit socks long.svg
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 29 Steady2.svg(20 February 2020) [4]
Highest5 (June 2004)
Lowest67 (October 1993)
Elo ranking
Current 26 Increase2.svg 10 (2 April 2020) [5]
Highest10 (16 October 2020, November 2002)
Lowest72 (13 November 1985, 29 October 1986)
First international
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 2–2 Romania  Flag of Romania.svg
(Istanbul, Turkey; 26 October 1923) [6]
Biggest win
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 7–0 Syria  Flag of Syria (1932-1958; 1961-1963).svg
(Ankara, Turkey; 20 November 1949)
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 7–0 South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg
(Geneva, Switzerland; 20 June 1954)
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 7–0 San Marino  Flag of San Marino (before 2011).svg
(Istanbul, Turkey; 10 November 1996)
Biggest defeat
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland 8–0 Turkey  Flag of Turkey.svg
(Chorzów, Poland; 24 April 1968)
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 0–8 England  Flag of England.svg
(Istanbul, Turkey; 14 November 1984)
Flag of England.svg  England 8–0 Turkey  Flag of Turkey.svg
(London, England; 14 October 1987)
World Cup
Appearances2 (first in 1954 )
Best resultThird place (2002)
European Championship
Appearances5 (first in 1996 )
Best resultSemi-finals (2008)
Olympic Games
Appearances6 (first in 1924 )
Best resultQuarter-finals (1948, 1952)
Confederations Cup
Appearances1 (first in 2003 )
Best resultThird place (2003)

The Turkey national football team (Turkish : Türkiye Millî Futbol Takımı) represents Turkey in men's international football and is controlled by the Turkish Football Federation, the governing body for football in Turkey. The team represents both FIFA and UEFA.

Contents

Turkey has qualified three times for the FIFA World Cup, in 1950, 1954, and 2002, although they withdrew from the 1950 event. Turkey has also qualified five times for the UEFA European Championship, in 1996, 2000, 2008, 2016, and 2020. They have reached the semi-finals of three major tournaments: the 2002 World Cup, the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup, and Euro 2008. After their third-place finish at the 2002 World Cup, which marked a high point in Turkish football history, Turkey occupied a spot in the top ten of the FIFA World Rankings for the first time since the rankings were introduced in December 1992. [7]

History

Turkey against Romania in 1923. Ilkmac1923.jpg
Turkey against Romania in 1923.

Early years

The Turkey national team played their first ever match against Romania in 1923, drawing 2–2. [8] Zeki Rıza Sporel is considered as the first big star of Turkish football as he scored the first two goals against Romania. Turkey played their first ever official match at the 1924 Summer Olympics losing 5–2 to Czechoslovakia.

1950 FIFA World Cup

Although Turkey qualified for the 1950 World Cup, beating Syria 7–0, they were forced to withdraw from the tournament due to financial problems.

1954 FIFA World Cup

Turkey then qualified for the 1954 World Cup after a play-off with Spain. The Turkish team first lost 4–1 to Spain, but a 1–0 win a few days later initiated a replay. On that occasion, they tied 2–2 after, booking their place after a coin toss. Turkey was put in a group along with Hungary and West Germany. The Turks, however, never played Hungary due to the tournament format, and a 4–1 defeat by the Germans was followed by Turkey carrying out a 7–0 win over South Korea. Turkey lost the play-off to West Germany 7–2. In 1956, however, Turkey did play Hungary in a friendly match in Istanbul, defeating what was one of the strongest teams of the era, 3–1. [9] Lefter Küçükandonyadis, arguably one of the best Turkish strikers of all-time, scored two goals during the tournament.

Near misses

Despite the introduction of a national league, and showings by Turkish clubs in European competition, the 1960s would be a barren time for the national team. Most players from the 1954 World Cup squad were retired, and the new generation of players failed to qualify for a major tournament. The 1970s saw Turkey holding back in the World Cup and UEFA European Championship qualifiers, but the team was a point too short to qualify for both UEFA Euro 1972 and Euro 1976. In the 1980s the Turkish team also suffered their worst defeats with 8–0 scorelines against Poland and twice against England. Yet the 1990 World Cup qualifiers would mark a turning point for Turkish football, with Turkey only missing out on qualification in the final match. Prominent players in this period included Rıdvan Dilmen, Oğuz Çetin, Rıza Çalımbay, Feyyaz Uçar, and European Golden Boot winner Tanju Çolak.

1990–1996

In 1990, German coach Sepp Piontek was put in charge of the national team. Under his guidance, a group of new players debuted for the national team. Many of these players (which included Bülent Korkmaz, Alpay Özalan, Sergen Yalçın, Rüştü Reçber, and Hakan Şükür) would become the backbone of the national team for many years. Piontek's mission came to an end in 1993, where he was replaced by Fatih Terim, who in turn managed to qualify for Euro 1996. Turkey qualified for its first major tournament since 1954, marking another turning point for Turkish football after having failed to qualify for both Euro 1992 and the 1994 World Cup. The appointment of Piontek was a recommended move by another German coach, Jupp Derwall, who had coached Galatasaray for three seasons. Derwall is regarded as the revolutionizer of Turkish football, since his introduction of modern Western European training techniques and tactical ideas to the Turkish game also heavily influenced the national team.

Euro 1996

Turkey national football team on an Azerbaijan stamp for Euro 1996. Stamp of Azerbaijan 425.jpg
Turkey national football team on an Azerbaijan stamp for Euro 1996.

Turkey qualified for Euro 1996, defeating both Switzerland and Sweden 2–1 en route during qualification. Despite a solid performance during the qualifiers, Turkey lost all their matches without scoring a single goal. They did, however, go home with an award: the fair-play award, given to Alpay Özalan.

Euro 2000

Although Turkey failed to qualify for the 1998 World Cup, they qualified for Euro 2000 after winning a play-off against the Republic of Ireland. Turkey lost their first match 2–1 to Italy, they drew their second match against Sweden 0–0, and beat host nation Belgium 2–0, making it the first time in the history of the UEFA European Championship a host nation had been eliminated in the first round. This victory brought Turkey into the last eight of the tournament, where they were beaten 2–0 by Portugal, with Arif Erdem missing a critical penalty.

2002 FIFA World Cup

For the 2002 World Cup, Turkey finished second in their qualifying group, despite starting well and being the favourites to top the group. They lost 2–1 to Sweden in the crucial match that would decide the top spot. The Turks were forced to play the play-offs against Austria. They defeated the Austrians 6–0 on aggregate and booked their place at the finals. The Turkish team started the 2002 World Cup with a 2–1 defeat against eventual winners Brazil. [10] Turkey qualified from the group stage with a 3–0 win against China PR after drawing 1–1 with Costa Rica. [11] [12]

Turkey then faced home team Japan in the second round, winning 1–0. [13] The Turkish team continued their run, as they beat Senegal 1–0 on a golden goal to book their place in the semi-finals, where a 1–0 defeat against eventual tournament winners Brazil forced them to play the third place match, and a bronze medal was won after a 3–2 victory over co-hosts South Korea. [14] [15] [16] Hakan Şükür scored Turkey's first goal in 10.8 seconds, even when the South Koreans kicked off first. It was the fastest goal in World Cup history. [17] [18] Tens of thousands of flag-waving Turkish fans greeted the World Cup squad on their return to Istanbul, where they joined a massive street party at Taksim Square. [19] Rüştü Reçber, Alpay Özalan and Hasan Şaş were all included in the All-Star Team, with Reçber also being voted as the best goalkeeper in the UEFA Team of the Year 2002, while Şenol Güneş was being voted as the best manager.

2003 FIFA Confederations Cup

In the summer of 2003, Turkey reached third place at the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup. In the group stages, Turkey defeated the United States 2–1 before losing to Cameroon 0–1. In their final group match, Turkey drew 2–2 against Brazil, eliminating them from the tournament. Turkey lost to eventual tournament winners France 3–2 in the semi-final match. Turkey then defeated Colombia 2–1 to win the bronze medal. Tuncay scored three goals and made an assist, which won him the Silver Shoe Award and the Silver Ball Award for the second best player of the tournament.

Euro 2004

The Turkish team failed to qualify for Euro 2004 on play-offs due to a loss to Latvia after finishing second in their group. This marked a turning point for the national team as new players were introduced to the national team to create a new generation.

2006 FIFA World Cup

The Turkish team once again narrowly missed out on the World Cup finals after failing to win a play-off, this time on away goals against Switzerland, again after finishing second in their group. There were scenes of violence after the game on and off the pitch where the Turkish team brawled with Swiss players down the tunnel.

Turkey against France on 5 June 2009. 5 juin 2009, stade Gerland a Lyon. France - Turquie (1-0).jpg
Turkey against France on 5 June 2009.

Euro 2008

Turkey qualified for their first international tournament in six years by finishing second behind Greece in Euro 2008 qualifying Group C to reach the Euro 2008 final stages. They were placed alongside Switzerland, Portugal and the Czech Republic in Group A. In their first match, they played Portugal and were beaten 2–0, but wins over Switzerland (2–1) and the Czech Republic (3–2) – both secured by late goals – brought qualification for the knockout stages. [20] [21] [22] Again, Turkey knocked out a host nation – Switzerland – in the group stages for the second time. [23]

The quarter-final against Croatia was goalless after 90 minutes, and Croatia led 1–0 in the final minute of extra time, but another late Turkish goal by forward Semih Şentürk brought the game to penalties. The goal raised some controversy with Croatia fans and Croatia head coach Slaven Bilić, who claimed that the goal had been scored after extra time had elapsed. This complaint, however, was overruled, and the game went into penalties. Turkey defeated Croatia in penalties, 3–1. [24]

Turkey went into the semi-final against Germany with just 14 outfield players available as a result of injuries and suspensions, but scored first and were drawing 2–2. But they finished third by default after losing 3–2 with a last minute goal by Philipp Lahm. [25] Both Russia and Turkey were given bronze medals in the dressing rooms after the semi-finals.

2010 FIFA World Cup

The Turkish team during the UEFA Euro 2012 qualification. Tuerkische Fussballnationalmannschaft 2011-09-06 (02).jpg
The Turkish team during the UEFA Euro 2012 qualification.

For the 2010 World Cup qualifiers, Turkey had a mixed qualifying campaign, finishing with 15 points and missing out on a play-off place to Bosnia and Herzegovina with 19 points. Spain topped the group to qualify, winning every game in the process. Coach Fatih Terim announced he would be resigning his post following their failure to qualify. [26]

Euro 2012

Turkey were drawn in Group A in qualification for Euro 2012, together with Kazakhstan, Austria, Belgium, Germany and Azerbaijan. The Turkish team reached the play-offs after beating Azerbaijan 1–0 but got eliminated 3–0 on aggregate by Croatia. On 14 November 2012, Turkey celebrated their 500th match in a friendly game played against Denmark at the Türk Telekom Arena, Istanbul, which ended in a 1–1 draw. Before the match, footballers and coaches, who contributed to the national team's success in the past, were honoured. Turkish pop singer Hadise, who wore a national team jersey with the number 500, performed a small concert. [27] [28]

2014 FIFA World Cup

Turkey against Austria on 29 March 2016. AUT vs. TUR 2016-03-29 (001).jpg
Turkey against Austria on 29 March 2016.

Turkey were drawn in Group D in qualification for the 2014 World Cup, together with Andorra, Estonia, Hungary, the Netherlands and Romania, finishing fourth. Turkey began to lose critical points during qualification and Abdullah Avcı was sacked soon after. Fatih Terim was put in charge for the third time to lead the national team, but a 2–0 defeat against the Netherlands ended hopes of qualification.

Euro 2016

Turkey were drawn in Group A in the qualification campaign for the Euro 2016, together with Iceland, Latvia, Kazakhstan, the Netherlands and the Czech Republic. The Turkish team qualified for their first major tournament in eight years as the best third-placed team after beating Iceland 1–0, with Selçuk İnan netting a free kick in the 89th minute. After over 18 months unbeaten, a loss to England as a pre-tournament friendly ended the team's winning streak, subsequently leading to back-to-back losses against Croatia and Spain in the tournament. Turkey won their last game against the Czech Republic, 2–0. They were minutes away from reaching the last 16, until a late winner for Ireland against Italy meant that the latter instead qualified as one of the best third-placed teams. Despite elimination, youngster Emre Mor's skillful display and assist during the game revealed a hopeful future for Turkish football.

2018 FIFA World Cup

Turkey were drawn in UEFA Group I for the 2018 World Cup qualifying campaign. During the qualifiers, head coach Fatih Terim stood down after an off-field incident, [29] and 72-year-old former Romania manager Mircea Lucescu took over. After eight games, Turkey stood a strong chance of qualifying for the tournament, but a 0–3 defeat against Iceland at home ended automatic qualification hopes. After a 2–2 draw against Finland the team finished fourth in Group I.

Euro 2020

Turkey were drawn in group H in the qualifying stage along with the 2018 FIFA World Cup champions France, as well as Iceland, Albania, Moldova and Andorra. Veteran coach Şenol Güneş revolutionised the team, with many young talents, only keeping Burak Yılmaz and Emre Belözoglu from the older generation. The team restructuring proved to be genius, as Turkey had one of the best campaigns in recent history.

Turkey managed to achieve a 2–0 victory against the group favourites France in Konya and later a 1–1 draw at Stade de France. The results against France dramatically improved Turkey's hopes to qualify out of the group. Turkish players performed a salute to the Turkish soldiers performing a military operation in northern Syria against the Kurdish separatist groups PYD/YPG, which is considered as terrorist by Ankara. The salute was criticised by French and European media outlets and politicians.

Surprisingly Turkey struggled against the group underdogs Andorra in their first match against them, winning by a 89th minute goal at the Vodafone Arena in Istanbul. Turkey's only defeat in the group came against Iceland in Reykjavik, losing 2-1. The defeat came after ill-treatment of the Turkish group at the Iceland customs, keeping them at the airport for 3 hours. This was followed by an Icelandic supporter holding a toilet brush to team captain Emre Belozoglu as a pretend microphone during an interview. The events were heavily criticised by the Turkish and European media. In an interview Turkish Coach Şenol Güneş, said that had come here 40 years ago, nothing had changed about the stadium and the country, except that some Icelandic people had lost the hospitality they had 40 years ago. Turkey entered matchday 9 against Iceland as group leaders with 19 points. Turkey and Iceland were drawn 0–0 at Turk Telekom Arena in Istanbul. Though unable to defeat Iceland and losing the first place to France, a draw was enough to secure Turkey a spot in EURO 2020 finals, ahead of their away match against Andorra.

Kit suppliers

Kit providerPeriod
Flag of Germany.svg Adidas 1982–2003
Flag of the United States.svg Nike 2003–present

Competitive record

FIFA World Cup

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup qualification record
YearRoundPositionPldWD*LGFGAPldWDLGFGA
Flag of Uruguay.svg 1930 Did not enterDid not enter
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg 1934 WithdrewWithdrew
Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg 1938 Did not enterDid not enter
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg 1950 Qualified but withdrew110070
Flag of Switzerland.svg 1954 Group stage9th31021011311146
Flag of Sweden.svg 1958 WithdrewWithdrew
Flag of Chile.svg 1962 Did not qualify420244
Flag of England.svg 1966 6105419
Flag of Mexico.svg 1970 4004213
Flag of Germany.svg 1974 622253
Flag of Argentina.svg 1978 621395
Flag of Spain.svg 1982 8008122
Flag of Mexico.svg 1986 8017224
Flag of Italy.svg 1990 83141210
Flag of the United States.svg 1994 103161119
Flag of France.svg 1998 8422219
Flag of South Korea.svg Flag of Japan.svg 2002 Third place3rd741210612831248
Flag of Germany.svg 2006 Did not qualify147522713
Flag of South Africa.svg 2010 104331310
Flag of Brazil.svg 2014 10514169
Flag of Russia.svg 2018 104331413
Flag of Qatar.svg 2022 To be determinedTo be determined
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Flag of Mexico.svg Flag of the United States.svg 2026
TotalThird place2/21105142017128472457176187

UEFA European Championship

UEFA European Championship record UEFA European Championship qualifying record
YearRoundPositionPldWD*LGFGAPldWDLGFGA
Flag of France.svg 1960 Did not qualify210123
Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg 1964 200207
Flag of Italy.svg 1968 612338
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 1972 6213513
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 1976 6222510
Flag of Italy.svg 1980 631255
Flag of France.svg 1984 8314816
Flag of Germany.svg 1988 6024216
Flag of Sweden.svg 1992 6006114
Flag of England.svg 1996 Group stage16th3003058431168
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2000 Quarter-finals6th41123410541167
Flag of Portugal.svg 2004 Did not qualify10622198
Flag of Austria.svg Flag of Switzerland.svg 2008 Semi-finals3rd521289127322511
Flag of Poland.svg Flag of Ukraine.svg 2012 Did not qualify125341314
Flag of France.svg 2016 Group stage17th31022410532149
Flag of Europe.svg 2020 Qualified10721183
Flag of Germany.svg 2024 To be determinedTo be determined
TotalThird place4/16154291322120512940152152

UEFA Nations League

UEFA Nations League record
YearDivisionRoundPosPldWDLGFGA
2018–19 B Group stage
Relegated
3rd410347
2020–21 B To be determined
TotalGroup stage
League B
1/1410347
Turkey at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. Ilk-turk-milli-takimi.jpg
Turkey at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris.
Turkey at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam. Egypt-Turkey 1928 Summer Olympics.jpg
Turkey at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam.

Olympic Games

Olympic Games record
YearResultPositionPldWDLGFGA
Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg 1924 Round 113th100125
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1928 Round 114th100117
Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg 1936 Round 115th100101
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1948 Quarter-finals6th210153
Flag of Finland.svg 1952 Quarter-finals8th210138
Flag of Australia (converted).svg 1956 Withdrew
Flag of Italy.svg 1960 Round 114th3012310
Flag of Japan.svg 1964 Did not qualify
Flag of Mexico.svg 1968
Flag of Germany.svg 1972
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg 1976
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 1980
Flag of the United States.svg 1984 Withdrew
Flag of South Korea.svg 1988 Did not qualify
Flag of Spain.svg 1992
Flag of the United States.svg 1996
Flag of Australia (converted).svg 2000
Flag of Greece.svg 2004
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 2008
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 2012
Flag of Brazil.svg 2016
Flag of Japan.svg 2020
TotalQuarter-finals6/22102171434

FIFA Confederations Cup

FIFA Confederations Cup record
YearRoundPositionGPWD*LGFGASquad
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 1992 Did not qualify
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 1995
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 1997
Flag of Mexico.svg 1999
Flag of South Korea.svg Flag of Japan.svg 2001
Flag of France.svg 2003 Third place3rd521288 Squad
Flag of Germany.svg 2005 Did not qualify
Flag of South Africa.svg 2009
Flag of Brazil.svg 2013
Flag of Russia.svg 2017
TotalThird place1/10521288
*Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

Mediterranean Games

Turkey B Flag of Turkey.svg

Mediterranean Games record
YearResultGPWDLGFGA
Flag of Egypt (1922-1958).svg 1951 Did not participate
Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg 1955
Flag of Lebanon.svg 1959 2nd211074
Flag of Italy.svg 1963 2nd5311127
Flag of Tunisia.svg 1967 4th521257
Flag of Turkey.svg 1971 3rd431041
Flag of Algeria.svg 1975 7th402215
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 1979 5th311122
Flag of Morocco.svg 1983 2nd420245
Flag of Syria.svg 1987 3rd530262
1991 – presentSee Turkey national under-20 team
Total8/1032157104133

Balkan Cup

ECO Cup

All-time head-to-head record

The following table shows Turkey's all-time international record, correct as of 17 November 2019.

  Positive Record  Neutral Record  Negative Record

  1. Includes matches against Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia .
  2. Includes matches against Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany .
  3. Includes matches against Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union .
  4. Includes matches against Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia .

Results and fixtures

  Win  Draw  Loss

2019

2020

2021

Players

Current squad

The following players have been called up for the UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying matches against Iceland and Andorra, on 14 and 17 November 2019.
All caps and goals as of 17 November 2019 after match against Andorra. [30]

No.Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClub
11 GK Sinan Bolat (1988-09-03) 3 September 1988 (age 31)120 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Antwerp
231 GK Uğurcan Çakır (1996-04-05) 5 April 1996 (age 23)20 Flag of Turkey.svg Trabzonspor
121 GK Altay Bayındır (1998-04-14) 14 April 1998 (age 21)00 Flag of Turkey.svg Fenerbahçe

32 DF Hasan Ali Kaldırım (1989-12-09) 9 December 1989 (age 30)321 Flag of Turkey.svg Fenerbahçe
222 DF Kaan Ayhan (1994-11-10) 10 November 1994 (age 25)283 Flag of Germany.svg Fortuna Düsseldorf
22 DF Zeki Çelik (1997-02-17) 17 February 1997 (age 23)142 Flag of France.svg Lille
152 DF Merih Demiral (1998-03-05) 5 March 1998 (age 22)120 Flag of Italy.svg Juventus
132 DF Umut Meraş (1995-12-20) 20 December 1995 (age 24)60 Flag of France.svg Le Havre
42 DF Mert Müldür (1999-04-03) 3 April 1999 (age 21)20 Flag of Italy.svg Sassuolo
212 DF Nazım Sangaré (1994-05-30) 30 May 1994 (age 25)20 Flag of Turkey.svg Antalyaspor
52 DF Mert Çetin (1997-01-01) 1 January 1997 (age 23)10 Flag of Italy.svg Roma
182 DF Ozan Kabak (2000-03-25) 25 March 2000 (age 20)10 Flag of Germany.svg Schalke 04

63 MF Ozan Tufan (1995-03-23) 23 March 1995 (age 25)495 Flag of Turkey.svg Fenerbahçe
103 MF Hakan Çalhanoğlu (3rd captain) (1994-02-08) 8 February 1994 (age 26)4810 Flag of Italy.svg Milan
83 MF Okay Yokuşlu (1994-03-09) 9 March 1994 (age 26)241 Flag of Spain.svg Celta
113 MF Yusuf Yazıcı (1997-01-29) 29 January 1997 (age 23)191 Flag of France.svg Lille
192 DF Ömer Bayram (1991-07-27) 27 July 1991 (age 28)90 Flag of Turkey.svg Galatasaray
203 MF Deniz Türüç (1993-01-29) 29 January 1993 (age 27)61 Flag of Turkey.svg Fenerbahçe
93 MF Berkay Özcan (1998-02-15) 15 February 1998 (age 22)40 Flag of Turkey.svg İstanbul Başakşehir
73 MF Emre Kılınç (1994-08-23) 23 August 1994 (age 25)20 Flag of Turkey.svg Sivasspor

164 FW Enes Ünal (1997-05-10) 10 May 1997 (age 22)132 Flag of Spain.svg Valladolid
174 FW Güven Yalçın (1999-01-18) 18 January 1999 (age 21)30 Flag of Turkey.svg Beşiktaş
144 FW Ahmed Kutucu (2000-03-01) 1 March 2000 (age 20)10 Flag of Germany.svg Schalke 04

Recent call-ups

The following players have been called up for the team within the last 12 months.

Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClubLatest call-up
GK Mert Günok (1989-03-01) 1 March 1989 (age 31)150 Flag of Turkey.svg İstanbul Başakşehir v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 14 November 2019
GK Gökhan Akkan (1994-01-01) 1 January 1994 (age 26)00 Flag of Turkey.svg Çaykur Rizespor v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 14 November 2019 INJ
GK Muhammed Şengezer (1997-01-05) 5 January 1997 (age 23)00 Flag of Turkey.svg İstanbul Başakşehir v. Flag of Albania.svg  Albania , 22 March 2019 PRE

DF Çağlar Söyüncü (1996-05-23) 23 May 1996 (age 23)281 Flag of England.svg Leicester City v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 14 November 2019
DF Mahmut Tekdemir (1988-01-20) 20 January 1988 (age 32)150 Flag of Turkey.svg İstanbul Başakşehir v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 14 November 2019
DF Emre Taşdemir (1995-08-08) 8 August 1995 (age 24)40 Flag of Turkey.svg Kayserispor v. Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan , 2 June 2019
DF Ömer Ali Şahiner (1992-01-02) 2 January 1992 (age 28)10 Flag of Turkey.svg Konyaspor v. Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan , 2 June 2019
DF Gökhan Gönül (1985-01-04) 4 January 1985 (age 35)661 Flag of Turkey.svg Beşiktaş v. Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova , 25 March 2019

MF Emre Belözoğlu (Captain) (1980-09-07) 7 September 1980 (age 39)1019 Flag of Turkey.svg Fenerbahçe v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 14 November 2019
MF Cengiz Ünder (1997-07-14) 14 July 1997 (age 22)206 Flag of Italy.svg Roma v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 14 November 2019
MF Efecan Karaca (1989-11-16) 16 November 1989 (age 30)20 Flag of Turkey.svg Alanyaspor v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 14 November 2019
MF İrfan Kahveci (1995-06-15) 15 June 1995 (age 24)150 Flag of Turkey.svg İstanbul Başakşehir v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 14 November 2019 PRE
MF Dorukhan Toköz (1996-05-21) 21 May 1996 (age 23)61 Flag of Turkey.svg Beşiktaş v. Flag of Albania.svg  Albania , 11 October 2019 PRE
MF Abdülkadir Parmak (1994-12-28) 28 December 1994 (age 25)10 Flag of Turkey.svg Trabzonspor v. Flag of Albania.svg  Albania , 11 October 2019 PRE
MF Yunus Mallı (1992-02-24) 24 February 1992 (age 28)251 Flag of Germany.svg VfL Wolfsburg v. Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra , 7 September 2019
MF Oğuzhan Özyakup (1992-09-23) 23 September 1992 (age 27)431 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Feyenoord v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 11 June 2019
MF Abdülkadir Ömür (1999-06-25) 25 June 1999 (age 20)40 Flag of Turkey.svg Trabzonspor v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 11 June 2019
MF Mehmet Topal (1986-03-03) 3 March 1986 (age 34)812 Flag of Turkey.svg İstanbul Başakşehir v. Flag of Albania.svg  Albania , 22 March 2019 PRE

FW Burak Yılmaz (Vice-captain) (1985-07-15) 15 July 1985 (age 34)5924 Flag of Turkey.svg Beşiktaş v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 14 November 2019
FW Cenk Tosun (1991-06-07) 7 June 1991 (age 28)4216 Flag of England.svg Crystal Palace v. Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland , 14 November 2019 INJ
FW Kenan Karaman (1994-03-05) 5 March 1994 (age 26)111 Flag of Germany.svg Fortuna Düsseldorf v. Flag of France.svg  France , 14 October 2019
Notes

Coaching staff

Senol Gunes, the current manager of the Turkey national football team. Senol Gunes, Aug 2017 (cropped).jpg
Şenol Güneş, the current manager of the Turkey national football team.

Current technical staff

PositionName
Head coach Flag of Turkey.svg Şenol Güneş
Assistant coach(es) Flag of Turkey.svg Bayram Bektaş
Flag of Turkey.svg Eren Şafak
Flag of Turkey.svg Şeref Çiçek
Fitness coach Flag of Turkey.svg Ömür Serdal Altunsöz
Physiotherapist Flag of Turkey.svg Aşkın Dede
Goalkeeping coach Flag of Turkey.svg Emrah Karakovan
Doctors Flag of Turkey.svg Sarper Çetinkaya
Flag of Turkey.svg Ufuk Şentürk
Video analyst Flag of Turkey.svg Erdoğan Kaynak

Previous squads

Rivalries

Turkey has developed several notable rivalries, the most well-known being with Croatia [31] and Greece.

Turkey and Croatia have played each other 9 times, [32] with their first encounter at Euro 1996; where both countries made their debuts in the opening match, which Croatia won 1–0. [33] A well-remembered match between them was at Euro 2008, which Turkey won on penalties after a 1–1 deadlock even after extra-time. With the win, Turkey reached the semi-finals in only their third appearance overall at the Euro finals. [34] The two teams faced each other in the 2012 Euro qualifying play-offs, with Croatia winning 3–0 in the first-leg in Istanbul, and advancing to the tournament finals following a 0–0 draw in the second-leg. [35] [36] The two teams faced each other once again in a European competition at Euro 2016, playing in the opening match of Group D; with Croatia winning 1–0 through a sensational Luka Modrić volley. [37] [38] Only three months after the match at the Euros, the two teams played in their opening match in Group I of 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifying, which finished 1–1. [39] Exactly one year after this, Turkey won the reverse fixture 1–0 at home, which played a key part in both countries' qualifying campaign, although Turkey would not qualify for World Cup while Croatia would go on to qualify and finish second in that edition. [40] [41]

Turkey also has a historical rivalry with Greece; having played them a total of 13 times, winning seven, drawing three and losing three games. [42] Both countries have been described as "punching above their weight"; with Greece winning Euro 2004 despite being classified as underdogs prior to the competition, and Turkey followed-up their World Cup bronze medal in 2002 by advancing to the semi-finals of Euro 2008, where they were knocked out by Germany. Due to tension between the two countries and the dispute over Cyprus, coupled with several incidents occurring during matches between Turkish and Greek clubs, it has been described as one of the biggest international football rivalries. [43]

Honours

Turkey national football team on an Azerbaijan stamp for the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Turkey national football team stamp.jpg
Turkey national football team on an Azerbaijan stamp for the 2002 FIFA World Cup.

Bronze medal icon.svgThird place (1): 2002

Bronze medal icon.svgThird place (1): 2003

Bronze medal icon.svgSemi-finals (1): 2008

Summary

As of May 2019

EventGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Football
FIFA World Cup 0011/21
FIFA U-20 World Cup 0000/22
FIFA U-17 World Cup 0000/18
FIFA Club World Cup 0000/16
FIFA Confederations Cup 0011/10
FIFA Women's World Cup 0000/8
FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup 0000/9
FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup 0000/7
FIFA Women's Club World Cup 0000/1
UEFA European Championship 0011/15
UEFA European Under-21 Championship 0000/21
UEFA European Under-19 Championship 1225/65
UEFA European Under-17 Championship 2013/37
UEFA Nations League 0000/1
UEFA Women's Championship 0000/12
UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship 0000/20
UEFA Women's Under-17 Championship 0000/12
UEFA–CAF Meridian Cup 0011/5
Football at the Summer Olympics 0000/34
Football at the Mediterranean Games 17210/18
Football at the Islamic Solidarity Games 0011/3
UEFA Champions League 0011/64
UEFA Europa League 0112/48
UEFA Super Cup 1001/43
UEFA Youth League 0000/6
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 0000/39
UEFA Women's Champions League 0000/18
UEFA Regions' Cup 0022/10
UEFA Amateur Cup 0000/4
Balkan Cup 0101/11
Balkans Cup 3137/27
ECO Cup 3205/6
Futsal
FIFA Futsal World Cup 0000/9
UEFA Futsal Championship 0000/11
UEFA Futsal Under-21 Championship 0000/1
UEFA Under-19 Futsal Championship 0000/1
UEFA Women's Futsal Championship 0000/1
UEFA Futsal Champions League 0000/18
Beach Soccer
FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup 0000/20
FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup qualification (UEFA) 0000/7
Euro Beach Soccer League 0000/21
Euro Beach Soccer Cup 0000/15
Euro Winners Cup 0011/7
Women's Euro Winners Cup 0000/4
Beach Soccer at the European Games 0000/2
Beach Soccer at the Mediterranean Beach Games 0000/2
eSports
FIFA eWorld Cup 0000/14
Total11141843

Player history

Most capped players

Rustu Recber is Turkey's most capped player with 120 caps. Rustu Recber 2010.jpg
Rüştü Reçber is Turkey's most capped player with 120 caps.

Players in bold are still active, at least at club level. [44] As of October 14, 2019.

#NameCareerCapsGoals
1 Rüştü Reçber 1994–20121200
2 Hakan Şükür 1992–200711251
3 Bülent Korkmaz 1990–20051023
4 Emre Belözoğlu 2000–1019
5 Arda Turan 2006–10017
6 Tugay Kerimoğlu 1990–2007942
7 Alpay Özalan 1995–2005904
8 Hamit Altıntop 2004–2014827
9 Mehmet Topal 2008–812
10 Tuncay 2002–20108022

Top goalscorers

Hakan Sukur is Turkey's all-time record goalscorer with 51 goals. Hakan.jpg
Hakan Şükür is Turkey's all-time record goalscorer with 51 goals.

Goalscorers with an equal number of goals are ranked in chronological order of reaching the milestone. Bold indicates still active players. [45] As of October 14, 2019.

#NameCareerGoalsCapsRate
1 Hakan Şükür 1992–2007
51
112
0.46
2 Burak Yılmaz 2006–
24
58
0.43
3 Tuncay 2003–2010
22
80
0.28
4 Lefter Küçükandonyadis 1948–1963
21
46
0.46
5 Metin Oktay 1956–1968
19
36
0.53
Cemil Turan 1969–1979
19
44
0.43
Nihat Kahveci 2000–2011
19
68
0.28
8 Arda Turan 2006–
17
100
0.17
9 Cenk Tosun 2013-
16
42
0.38
10 Zeki Rıza Sporel 1923–1932
15
16
0.94

Past managers

Decoration

In 2002, the national team was honored with the Turkish "State Medal of Distinguished Service" for its third place achievement at the 2002 FIFA World Cup. All the team members, coaches and officials were given medals. [46]

Notes

    See also

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