Typical Milliyet front page.
|Political alignment|| Historically:|
|Circulation||182,955 (26 January-1 February 2015)|
Milliyet (Turkish for "nationality") is a major Turkish daily newspaper published in Istanbul, Turkey.
Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around ten to fifteen million native speakers in Southeast Europe and sixty to sixty-five million native speakers in Western Asia. Outside Turkey, significant smaller groups of speakers exist in Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Cyprus has requested that the European Union add Turkish as an official language, even though Turkey is not a member state.
Istanbul, formerly known as Byzantium and Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural and historic center. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosporus strait between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical center lies on the European side and about a third of its population lives in suburbs on the Asian side of the Bosporus. With a total population of around 15 million residents in its metropolitan area, Istanbul is one of the world's most populous cities, ranking as the world's fourth largest city proper and the largest European city. The city is the administrative center of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Istanbul is viewed as a bridge between the East and West.
Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.
Milliyet came to publishing life at the Nuri Akça press in Babıali, Istanbul as a daily private newspaper on 3 May 1950. Its owner was Ali Naci Karacan. After his death in 1955 the paper was published by his son, Encüment Karacan.
Ali Naci Karacan was a Turkish journalist and publisher. He was involved in founding the Turkish daily newspapers Akşam (1918) and Milliyet (1955), and his family, including grandson Ali Naci Karacan, built up a publishing group around Milliyet. He was the President of Fenerbahçe S.K., and the editor of the newly founded Tan from 1935. Born Ali Naci, he later took the additional surname Karacan.
For a number of years the person who made his mark on the paper as the editor in chief was Abdi İpekçi. İpekçi managed to raise the standards of the Turkish press by introducing his journalistic criteria. On 1 February 1979, İpekçi was murdered by Mehmet Ali Ağca, who would later attempt to assassinate the Pope John Paul II.
Abdi İpekçi was a Turkish journalist, intellectual and an activist for human rights. He was murdered while editor-in-chief of the one of the main Turkish daily newspapers Milliyet which then had a centre-left political stance.
Mehmet Ali Ağca is a Turkish assassin and Grey Wolves member who murdered left-wing journalist Abdi İpekçi on 1 February 1979, and later shot and wounded Pope John Paul II on 13 May 1981, after escaping from a Turkish prison. After serving 19 years of imprisonment in Italy where he was visited by the Pope, he was deported to Turkey, where he served a ten-year sentence. He was released on 18 January 2010. Ağca has described himself as a mercenary with no political orientation, although he is known to have been a member of the Turkish ultra-nationalist Grey Wolves organization and the state-sponsored Counter-Guerrilla.
Pope John Paul II was the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.
Milliyet is published in broadsheet format.
In 2001 Milliyet had a circulation of 337,000 copies.According to comScore, Milliyet's website is the fifth most visited news website in Europe.
In 1979 the founding Karacan family sold the paper to Aydın Doğan. Erdoğan Demirören, who owned 25% of the paper, later also sold his stake to Doğan.In October 1998 the paper was briefly sold to Korkmaz Yiğit, being bought back within weeks when Yiğit's business empire collapsed in the face of unrelated fraud allegations.
Aydın Doğan is a Turkish billionaire media tycoon, business magnate, entrepreneur, philanthropist, and investor - best known as the founder of Doğan Holding, one of Turkey's largest conglomerates.
Korkmaz Yiğit is a Turkish businessman. He made his fortune in construction, and expanded into finance and media, but fell rapidly from grace in 1998 when apparent connections with mob figure Alaattin Çakıcı were revealed.
The paper was purchased by a joint venture of the Demirören Group and Karacan Group in May 2011,but after legal and financial issues Karacan sold its stake to Demirören in February 2012.
Demirören Group is a Turkish conglomerate company. Its properties include Milangaz, the Demirören İstiklal shopping mall in Beyoğlu, as well as several newspapers, television and radio stations.
Since 1994, Milliyet has abandoned its stable, "upmarket" journalism established by Abdi İpekçi for a middle-market editorial line akin to that of Hürriyet. Internet edition of Milliyet often incorporates sensational material from The Sun and Daily Mail and there is tremendous amount of overlap among the daily coverage, such as identical articles and photographs.
Milliyet has been criticised for having self-censored a column that was critical of the Prime Minister's reaction to a press leak.The column was frozen out for two weeks and then blanket-refused for publication.
In early 2012 Milliyet fired Ece Temelkuran after she had written articles critical of the government's handling of the December 2011 Uludere massacre,and Nuray Mert after Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan publicly criticized her.
In 2013, Milliyet fired two columnists Hasan Cemal and Can Dündar, who had taken critical stances against the AKP government.
On September 2009, Milliyet opened its digital archive becoming the first Turkish newspaper to do so.
Hürriyet is one of the major Turkish newspapers, founded in 1948. As of January 2018, it had the highest circulation of any newspaper in Turkey at around 319,000. Hürriyet has a mainstream, liberal and conservative outlook. Hürriyet's editorial line may be considered middle-market, combining entertainment value with comprehensive news coverage and a strong cadre of columnists.
Can Dündar is a Turkish journalist, columnist and documentarian. Editor-in-chief of center-left Cumhuriyet newspaper until August 2016, he was arrested in November 2015 after his newspaper published footage showing the State Intelligence MİT sending weapons to Syrian Islamist fighters.
Radikal ("Radical") was a daily liberal Turkish language newspaper, published in Istanbul. It has been published since 1996 by Aydın Doğan's Doğan Media Group. Despite only having a circulation of around 25,000, it was considered one of the most influential Turkish newspapers.
The Hürriyet Daily News, formerly Hürriyet Daily News and Economic Review and Turkish Daily News, is the oldest current English-language daily in Turkey, founded in 1961. The paper was bought by the Doğan Media Group in 2001 and has been under the media group's flagship Hürriyet from 2006; both papers were sold to Demirören Holdings in 2018.
Vatan is a Turkish daily newspaper founded in 2002 by the Doğan Media Group. The paper was purchased by DK Corporation in April 2011 and was totally acquired by Demirören Holding a few months later.
Tuna Kiremitçi is a contemporary Turkish singer-songwriter.
Doğan Media Group was a Turkish media conglomerate, part of the Doğan Holding conglomerate. The company was established in 1997 to bring together Doğan's media properties. These include the Posta, Hürriyet, and Radikal newspapers, the television channels Kanal D and CNN Türk, and the Doğan News Agency. It also operated Doğan Kitap, a major book publisher, and Doğan Music Company, a major music label. Doğan also operated print facilities and media distribution, for other newspapers and magazines as well as its own.
Nuray Mert, born in Trabzon, Turkey (1960), is a Turkish coulumnist and political scientist. She is a columnist for Hurriyet Daily News. Mert is also a Bilderberg participant.
Nedim Şener is a Turkish writer and journalist who has written for the Milliyet and Posta newspapers. He has received a number of journalism awards, including the Turkish Journalists' Association Press Freedom Award, the International Press Institute's World Press Freedom Heroes award, and PEN Freedom of Expression Award. He is particularly known for his 2009 book on the assassination of Hrant Dink, which showed the role of Turkish security. He is under indictment in the Odatv case of the Ergenekon trials because, he believes, his 2009 book alleged that police officers responsible for the Ergenekon investigation were responsible for the Dink murder.
Hikmet Bilâ was a Turkish journalist and columnist. He was the author of three books about Turkish political history.
Dinç Bilgin is a Turkish businessman who built up a media empire which was seized by the Turkish government in 2002 over alleged financial irregularities. He founded a number of newspapers including Sabah (1985) and Takvim (1994), and a number of television stations, including ATV (1993). He also founded the now-defunct Ateş and Yeni Yüzyıl in 1995, selling them to Korkmaz Yiğit in 1998.
Yeni Yüzyıl was a Turkish newspaper. It was published from 1994 to 1999, closing down due to legal and financial problems. It had been acquired in August 1998 from Dinç Bilgin's Sabah group by Korkmaz Yiğit.
Yiğit Bulut is a Turkish journalist and a senior advisor to President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. He was editor-in-chief at news channels Habertürk TV and Kanal 24. He was also a contributor to the daily newspapers Radikal, Vatan and Referans, Habertürk and Star. He was appointed a senior advisor to current President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan while he was serving as Prime Minister in July 2013. His appointment drew criticism for remarks he had made about the 2013 protests in Turkey that had alleged various conspiracies aimed at toppling Erdoğan, including a claim that foreign forces were trying to murder Erdoğan using "telekinesis and other methods".
The TGC Press Media Museum, aka Istanbul Press Media Museum, is a history and technology museum dedicated to mass communication in Turkey featuring exhibitions about journalism. It is located in the Çemberlitaş neighborhood of Fatih district in İstanbul, Turkey. Established in 1988, it is owned and operated by the Journalists Association of Turkey.
Wonderland Eurasia, previously known as Ankapark, is an amusement park in Ankara, Ankara, Turkey. Upon opening, the park hosts 17 roller coasters becoming the second ranked amusement park in the world with the most number of roller coasters tied with Cedar Point located in Sandusky, Ohio.
Leyla İpekçi is a Turkish journalist, scenarist and writer.