Milliyet

Last updated

Milliyet
Milliyet logo.svg

Milliyet Front Page.jpg

Typical Milliyet front page.
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) Demirören Holding
Founded 1950;68 years ago (1950)
Political alignment Historically:
Kemalism,
Secularism,
Center-left
Currently:
Center-right,
Turkish nationalism
Language Turkish
Headquarters Bağcılar
City İstanbul
Country Turkey
Circulation 182,955 (26 January-1 February 2015) [1]
Website Official website

Milliyet (Turkish for "nationality") is a major Turkish daily newspaper published in Istanbul, Turkey.

Turkish language Turkic language (possibly Altaic)

Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around ten to fifteen million native speakers in Southeast Europe and sixty to sixty-five million native speakers in Western Asia. Outside Turkey, significant smaller groups of speakers exist in Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Cyprus has requested that the European Union add Turkish as an official language, even though Turkey is not a member state.

Istanbul Metropolitan municipality in Marmara, Turkey

Istanbul, formerly known as Byzantium and Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural and historic center. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosporus strait between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical center lies on the European side and about a third of its population lives in suburbs on the Asian side of the Bosporus. With a total population of around 15 million residents in its metropolitan area, Istanbul is one of the world's most populous cities, ranking as the world's fourth largest city proper and the largest European city. The city is the administrative center of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Istanbul is viewed as a bridge between the East and West.

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

Contents

History and profile

Milliyet came to publishing life at the Nuri Akça press in Babıali, Istanbul as a daily private newspaper on 3 May 1950. Its owner was Ali Naci Karacan. After his death in 1955 the paper was published by his son, Encüment Karacan.

Ali Naci Karacan was a Turkish journalist and publisher. He was involved in founding the Turkish daily newspapers Akşam (1918) and Milliyet (1955), and his family, including grandson Ali Naci Karacan, built up a publishing group around Milliyet. He was the President of Fenerbahçe S.K., and the editor of the newly founded Tan from 1935. Born Ali Naci, he later took the additional surname Karacan.

For a number of years the person who made his mark on the paper as the editor in chief was Abdi İpekçi. İpekçi managed to raise the standards of the Turkish press by introducing his journalistic criteria. On 1 February 1979, İpekçi was murdered by Mehmet Ali Ağca, who would later attempt to assassinate the Pope John Paul II.

Abdi İpekçi Turkish journalist

Abdi İpekçi was a Turkish journalist, intellectual and an activist for human rights. He was murdered while editor-in-chief of the one of the main Turkish daily newspapers Milliyet which then had a centre-left political stance.

Mehmet Ali Ağca is a Turkish assassin and Grey Wolves member who murdered left-wing journalist Abdi İpekçi on 1 February 1979, and later shot and wounded Pope John Paul II on 13 May 1981, after escaping from a Turkish prison. After serving 19 years of imprisonment in Italy where he was visited by the Pope, he was deported to Turkey, where he served a ten-year sentence. He was released on 18 January 2010. Ağca has described himself as a mercenary with no political orientation, although he is known to have been a member of the Turkish ultra-nationalist Grey Wolves organization and the state-sponsored Counter-Guerrilla.

Pope John Paul II 264th Pope of the Catholic Church, saint

Pope John Paul II was the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.

Milliyet is published in broadsheet format. [2]

In 2001 Milliyet had a circulation of 337,000 copies. [2] According to comScore, Milliyet's website is the fifth most visited news website in Europe. [3]

Ownership

In 1979 the founding Karacan family sold the paper to Aydın Doğan. Erdoğan Demirören, who owned 25% of the paper, later also sold his stake to Doğan. [4] In October 1998 the paper was briefly sold to Korkmaz Yiğit, being bought back within weeks when Yiğit's business empire collapsed in the face of unrelated fraud allegations. [5]

Aydın Doğan Turkish businessman

Aydın Doğan is a Turkish billionaire media tycoon, business magnate, entrepreneur, philanthropist, and investor - best known as the founder of Doğan Holding, one of Turkey's largest conglomerates.

Korkmaz Yiğit is a Turkish businessman. He made his fortune in construction, and expanded into finance and media, but fell rapidly from grace in 1998 when apparent connections with mob figure Alaattin Çakıcı were revealed.

The paper was purchased by a joint venture of the Demirören Group and Karacan Group in May 2011, [6] but after legal and financial issues Karacan sold its stake to Demirören in February 2012. [7]

Demirören Group is a Turkish conglomerate company. Its properties include Milangaz, the Demirören İstiklal shopping mall in Beyoğlu, as well as several newspapers, television and radio stations.

Editorial line

Since 1994, Milliyet has abandoned its stable, "upmarket" journalism established by Abdi İpekçi for a middle-market editorial line akin to that of Hürriyet. Internet edition of Milliyet often incorporates sensational material from The Sun and Daily Mail and there is tremendous amount of overlap among the daily coverage, such as identical articles and photographs.

Milliyet has been criticised for having self-censored a column that was critical of the Prime Minister's reaction to a press leak. [8] The column was frozen out for two weeks and then blanket-refused for publication. [9]

In early 2012 Milliyet fired Ece Temelkuran after she had written articles critical of the government's handling of the December 2011 Uludere massacre, [10] and Nuray Mert after Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan publicly criticized her. [11] [12] [13]

In 2013, Milliyet fired two columnists Hasan Cemal and Can Dündar, who had taken critical stances against the AKP government. [14]

Digital archives

On September 2009, Milliyet opened its digital archive becoming the first Turkish newspaper to do so. [15]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Tiraj - MedyaTava - Yazmadıysa Doğru Değildir". medyatava.com. 4 December 2014.
  2. 1 2 Adam Smith (15 November 2002). "Europe's Top Papers". campaign. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  3. Nearly 50 Percent of Internet Users in Europe Visit Newspaper Sites, 19 January 2012
  4. Today's Zaman , 29 April 2011, Competition body approves sale of Milliyet, Vatan dailies for $74 mln Archived 13 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine .
  5. Hurriyet Daily News , 4 November 1998, October: Crisis with Damascus defused after Ocalan leaves Syria; the rise and fall of Korkmaz Yigit
  6. Dogan News Agency, 4 May 2011, Milliyet and Vatan papers sold to DK
  7. Hurriyet Daily News, 9 February 2012, Karacan Group execs arrested in media probe
  8. "A Special Kind Of Awful – The State Of The Turkish Media". Central Asia-Caucasus Institute and Silk Road Studies Program. Archived from the original on 21 November 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  9. Peter Preston (24 March 2013). "Turkey's voting for censors". The Observer. London. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  10. Al Akhbar, 6 January 2012, Firing Turkey’s Ece Temelkuran: The Price of Speaking Out
  11. "Turks sense dawn of new era of power and confidence". BBC news . 21 November 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  12. "Turkish PM targets Economist magazine, journalist Nuray Mert". Hurriyet Daily News. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  13. Dexter Filkins (9 March 2012). "Turkey's Jailed Journalists". The New Yorker . Retrieved 18 March 2012.
  14. "Can Dündar dismissed from daily Milliyet for critical Gezi stance". Hürriyet Daily News. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  15. "Milliyet Archive". Milliyet.