Football at the 1936 Summer Olympics

Last updated
1936 Men's Olympic Football Tournament
Tournament details
Host countryGermany
DatesAugust 3–15
Teams16 (from 4 confederations)
Venue(s)4 (in 1 host city)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy (1st title)
Runners-upFlag of Austria.svg  Austria
Third placeFlag of Norway.svg  Norway
Fourth placeFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Tournament statistics
Matches played16
Goals scored78 (4.88 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Annibale Frossi (7 goals)
1928
1948

Football at the 1936 Summer Olympics was won by Italy. After the introduction of the first FIFA World Cup in 1930 (which had, in itself lead to the absence of a football tournament from the 1932 Games programme), competing nations would from now on only be permitted to play their best players if those players were amateur or (where national associations were assisted by interested states to traverse such a rule) where professional players were state-sponsored. [1] [2] However, since amateur players were counted as senior squad players, their results would be still counted as senior side's results until 1992.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

1936 Summer Olympics games of the XI Olympiad, celebrated in Berlin in 1936

The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Nazi Germany. Berlin won the bid to host the Games over Barcelona, Spain, on 26 April 1931, at the 29th IOC Session in Barcelona. It marked the second and final time the International Olympic Committee gathered to vote in a city that was bidding to host those Games.

Italy European country

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country located in Southern Europe consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate including Mediterranean and Alpine zones. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi), and land area of 294,140 km2 (113,570 sq mi), and shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

Contents

Venues

Squads

Medalists

GoldSilverBronze
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy  (ITA)
Bruno Venturini
Alfredo Foni
Pietro Rava
Giuseppe Baldo
Achille Piccini
Ugo Locatelli
Annibale Frossi
Libero Marchini
Luigi Scarabello
Carlo Biagi
Giulio Cappelli
Sergio Bertoni
Alfonso Negro
Francesco Gabriotti
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)
Franz Fuchsberger
Max Hofmeister
Eduard Kainberger
Karl Kainberger
Martin Kargl
Josef Kitzmüller
Anton Krenn
Ernst Künz
Adolf Laudon
Franz Mandl
Klement Steinmetz
Karl Wahlmüller
Walter Werginz
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)
Henry Johansen
Fredrik Horn
Nils Eriksen
Frithjof Ulleberg
Jørgen Juve
Rolf Holmberg
Sverre Hansen
Magnar Isaksen
Alf Martinsen
Reidar Kvammen
Arne Brustad
Øivind Holmsen
Odd Frantzen
Magdalon Monsen

Final tournament

Peruvian goalkeeper Juan Valdivieso reaches out for the football during match between Austria and Peru. Peru v Austria 1936 Valdivieso.png
Peruvian goalkeeper Juan Valdivieso reaches out for the football during match between Austria and Peru.

The Italians, winners against the Austrians at the 1934 World Cup now found the Olympic side, with ten changes, a completely different proposition. The Azzurri included players such as Alfredo Foni, Pietro Rava and Ugo Locatelli, who would all play in their World Cup victory in Paris. That they eventually prevailed was due to two incidents: the first when their bespectacled forward Frossi scored, the second when Weingartner, the German referee, was literally restrained from sending off Archille Piccini after fouling two Americans. Italian players held both his arms and covered his mouth in protest. Piccini stayed on the park, Italy won. [3] This was something more than Sweden managed in their tie with Japan the next day in Berlin. Two-nil up within 45 minutes, their loss was recorded by the Swedish commentator, Sven Jerring, calling “Japanese, Japanese, Japanese, Japanese all over” (Japaner, japaner, japaner, ôverallt japaner.) during the final minutes as the Japanese defenders held out to run out as winners 3–2. It marked the first time an Asian side had participated in either the World Cup or Olympic Games football competition and the first time an Asian side emerged victorious. Their neighbours, China, lost 0–2 to Great Britain on the next day. Otherwise there were wins for Peru and the hosts, 9–0 versus Luxembourg.

Italy national football team Mens national association football team representing Italy

The Italy national football team has officially represented Italy in international football since their first match in 1910. The squad is under the global jurisdiction of FIFA and is governed in Europe by UEFA—the latter of which was co-founded by the Italian team's supervising body, the Italian Football Federation (FIGC). Italy's home matches are played at various stadiums throughout Italy, and their primary training ground, Centro Tecnico Federale di Coverciano, is located at the FIGC technical headquarters in Coverciano, Florence.

Alfredo Foni Italian footballer

Alfredo Foni was an Italian footballer in the 1930s and later on a coach, who played as a defender. He is one of only four players to have won both an Olympic gold medal and the FIFA World Cup with the Italy national football team.

Pietro Rava Italian footballer and manager

Pietro Rava was an Italian football defender and coach, who played as a full-back. He won the 1936 Summer Olympics and the 1938 FIFA World Cup with the Italian national team.

First round

Italy  Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg1–0Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States
Frossi Soccerball shade.svg 58' Report
Berlin Poststadion
Attendance: 9.000
Referee: Carl Weingartner (GER)

Norway  Flag of Norway.svg4–0Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Martinsen Soccerball shade.svg 30', 70'
Brustad Soccerball shade.svg 53'
Kvammen Soccerball shade.svg 80'
Report
Berlin Mommsenstadion
Attendance: 8.000
Referee: Giuseppe Scarpi (ITA)

Japan  Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg3–2Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Kawamoto Soccerball shade.svg 49' [4]
Ukon Soccerball shade.svg 62'
Matsunaga Soccerball shade.svg 85'
Report Persson Soccerball shade.svg 24', 37'
Berlin Hertha-BSC-Platz
Attendance: 5.000
Referee: Wilhelm Peters (GER)

Germany  Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg9–0Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg
Urban Soccerball shade.svg 16', 54', 75'
Simetsreiter Soccerball shade.svg 32', 48', 74'
Gauchel Soccerball shade.svg 49', 89'
Elbern Soccerball shade.svg 76'
Report
Berlin Poststadion
Attendance: 12.000
Referee: Pál von Hertzka (HUN)

Poland  Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg3–0Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Gad Soccerball shade.svg 12', 27'
Wodarz Soccerball shade.svg 88'
Report
Berlin Poststadion
Attendance: 5.000
Referee: Raffaele Scorzoni (ITA)

Austria  Flag of Austria.svg3–1Flag of Egypt (1922-1958).svg  Egypt
Steinmetz Soccerball shade.svg 4', 65'
Laudon Soccerball shade.svg 7'
Report Sakr Soccerball shade.svg 85'
Berlin Mommsenstadion
Attendance: 6.000
Referee: Arthur James Jewell (GBR)

Peru  Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg7–3Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Fernández Soccerball shade.svg 17', 33', 47', 49', 70'
Villanueva Soccerball shade.svg 21', 67'
Report Kanerva Soccerball shade.svg 42' (pen.)
Grönlund Soccerball shade.svg 75'
Larvo Soccerball shade.svg 80'
Berlin Hertha-BSC-Platz
Attendance: 2.500
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (ITA)

Great Britain  Flag of the United Kingdom.svg2–0Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
Dodds Soccerball shade.svg 55'
Finch Soccerball shade.svg 65'
Report [5]
Mommsenstadion, Berlin
Attendance: 8,000
Referee: Helmut Fink (GER)

Quarter finals

The Italian squad that won the Gold Medal Italy1936 olympic.jpg
The Italian squad that won the Gold Medal
A ball of the competitions is on display at the German Leather Museum. Fussball 1936.jpg
A ball of the competitions is on display at the German Leather Museum.

Italy defeated Japan after Pozzo’s decision to include Biagi, who scored goals. The same day at the Poststadion, Berlin before a crowd that included Goebbels, Göring, Hess and Hitler, Germany were knocked out 2–0 by Norway. Goebbels wrote: "The Führer is very excited, I can barely contain myself. A real bath of nerves." Norway, went on to draw with Italy in the first round of the 1938 FIFA World Cup. Germany lost 2–0 and Hitler, who had never seen a football match before, and had originally planned to watch the rowing, left early in a huff. [6]

Poststadion football stadium

The Poststadion is a multi-use stadium in the Moabit district of Berlin, Germany, built in 1929 for the sports club of the German Reichspost at the site of a former Prussian Uhlan parade ground. It is adjacent to the Fritz-Schloss-Park. Together with the Fritz Castle Park, the facility is also known as SportPark Poststadion. The complex is one of the largest sports facilities in Berlin and is currently managed by the Berlin burough of Mitte. A designated landmark since 1990, its stands and terrace are currently under reconstruction. The original structure of the main entrance in the Lehrter Strasse conserves its earlier architecture with its rows of ticket booths lining the entrance.

Joseph Goebbels Nazi politician and Propaganda Minister

Paul Joseph Goebbels was a German Nazi politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. He was one of Adolf Hitler's closest and most devoted associates, and was known for his skills in public speaking and his deeply virulent antisemitism, which was evident in his publicly voiced views. He advocated progressively harsher discrimination, including the extermination of the Jews in the Holocaust.

Hermann Göring German Nazi politician and military leader

Hermann Wilhelm Göring was a German political and military leader as well as one of the most powerful figures in the Nazi Party (NSDAP), which ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945. A veteran World War I fighter pilot ace, he was a recipient of the Pour le Mérite. He was the last commander of Jagdgeschwader 1, the fighter wing once led by Manfred von Richthofen.

The following day at the Hertha Platz, Austria played Peru. The match was highly contested, and the game went into overtime when the Peruvians drew with the Austrians after being two goals behind. Peru 'scored' five goals during extra-time, of which three were disallowed by the referee, and won 4–2. [7] [8] The Austrians demanded a rematch on the grounds that Peruvian fans had stormed the field, and because the field did not meet the requirements for a football game. [8] [9] Austria further claimed that the Peruvian players had manhandled the Austrian players and that spectators, one holding a revolver, had "swarmed down on the field." [10] Peru was notified of this situation, and they attempted to go to the assigned meeting but were delayed by a German parade. [8] At the end, the Peruvian defense was never heard, and the Olympic Committee and FIFA sided with the Austrians. The rematch was scheduled to be taken under close grounds on August 10, and later re-scheduled to be taken on August 11. [9] [10]

Stadion am Gesundbrunnen former Berlin stadium (1924-1974)

Stadion am Gesundbrunnen was a multi-use stadium in the Gesundbrunnen locality of Berlin, Germany. It was initially used as the stadium of Hertha BSC matches. During the 1936 Summer Olympics, it hosted some of the football matches. It was replaced by the current Olympic Stadium when Hertha joined the Bundesliga in 1963. In 1974, Hertha sold the ground to avoid bankruptcy. The capacity of the stadium was 35,239 spectators.

Austria national football team mens national association football team representing Austria

The Austria national football team is the football team that represents Austria in international competition and is controlled by the Austrian Football Association . Austria has qualified for seven FIFA World Cups, most recently in 1998. The country played in the UEFA European Championship for the first time in 2008, when it co-hosted the event with Switzerland, and most recently qualified in 2016.

FIFA International governing body of association football

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is a non-profit organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, and efootball. It is the highest governing body of football.

As a sign of protest against these actions, which the Peruvians deemed as insulting and discriminatory, the complete Olympic delegations of Peru and Colombia left Germany. [11] [12] Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and Mexico expressed their solidarity with Peru. [10] Michael Dasso, a member of the Peruvian Olympic Committee, stated: "We've no faith in European athletics. We have come here and found a bunch of merchants." [13] The game was awarded to Austria by default. [10] In Peru, angry crowds protested against the decisions of the Olympic Committee by tearing down an Olympic flag, throwing stones at the German consulate, refusing to load German vessels in the docks of Callao, and listening to inflammatory speeches, which included President Oscar Benavides Larrea's mention of "the crafty Berlin decision." [10] To this day, it is not known with certainty what exactly happened at Germany, but it is popularly believed that Adolf Hitler and the Nazi authorities might have had some involvement in this situation. [12]

Colombia national football team mens national football team representing Colombia

The Colombia national football team represents Colombia in international football competitions and is overseen by the Colombian Football Federation. It is a member of the CONMEBOL and is currently ranked 8th in the FIFA World Rankings. The team are nicknamed Los Cafeteros due to the coffee production in their country.

Callao City in Peru

Callao is a seaside city on the Pacific Ocean in the Lima metropolitan area. Callao is Peru's chief seaport and home to its main airport, Jorge Chávez International Airport. Callao municipality consists of the whole Callao Region, which is also coterminous with the Province of Callao. Founded in 1537 by the Spanish, the city has a long naval history as one of the main ports in Latin America and the Pacific, as it was one of vital Spanish towns during the colonial era. Central Callao is about 15 km (9.3 mi) west of the Historic Centre of Lima.

Adolf Hitler Leader of Germany from 1934 to 1945

Adolf Hitler was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party. He rose to power as Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and later Führer in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland on 1 September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust.

In the last of the quarter-finals Poland, assisted by their forward, Hubert Gad, played out a nine-goal party to defeat the British side; at one time they were 5–1 to the better. The Casual's Bernard Joy scored two as Britain fought back gamely but they ran out of time. Prior to the Games Daniel Pettit received a letter from the Football Association which dealt mostly with the uniform he would wear. As he explained to the academic Rachel Cutler there was a handwritten PS that said: 'As there is a month to go before we leave for Berlin kindly take some exercise.' Pettit ran around his local park. [6]

Italy  Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg8–0Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
Frossi Soccerball shade.svg 14', 75', 80'
Biagi Soccerball shade.svg 32', 57', 81', 82'
Cappelli Soccerball shade.svg 89'
Report
Berlin Mommsenstadion
Attendance: 8.000
Referee: Otto Ohlsson (SWE)

Germany  Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg0–2Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Report Isaksen Soccerball shade.svg 7', 83'
Berlin Poststadion
Attendance: 55.000
Referee: Arthur Willoughby Barton (GBR)

Poland  Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg5–4Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Gad Soccerball shade.svg 33'
Wodarz Soccerball shade.svg 43', 48', 53'
Piec Soccerball shade.svg 56'
Report Clements Soccerball shade.svg 26'
Shearer Soccerball shade.svg 71'
Joy Soccerball shade.svg 78', 80'
Berlin Poststadion
Attendance: 6.000
Referee: Rudolf Eklow (SWE)

Peru  Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg 4–2 (a.e.t.) 1Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
Alcalde Soccerball shade.svg 75'
Villanueva Soccerball shade.svg 81', 117'
Fernández Soccerball shade.svg 119'
Report Werginz Soccerball shade.svg 23'
Steinmetz Soccerball shade.svg 37'
Berlin Hertha-BSC Platz
Attendance: 5.000
Referee: Thoralf Kristiansen (NOR)

1 Due to a pitch invasion, the match was declared null and void, and ordered to be replayed on August 10. Peru objected to the replay decision and withdrew from the tournament.

Semi finals

Italy  Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg2–1 (a.e.t.)Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Negro Soccerball shade.svg 15'
Frossi Soccerball shade.svg 96'
Report Brustad Soccerball shade.svg 58'
Berlin Olympic Stadium (Berlin)
Attendance: 95.000
Referee: Pál von Hertzka (HUN)

Austria  Flag of Austria.svg3–1Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Kainberger Soccerball shade.svg 14'
Laudon Soccerball shade.svg 55'
Mandl Soccerball shade.svg 88'
Report Gad Soccerball shade.svg 73'
Berlin Olympic Stadium (Berlin)
Attendance: 82.000
Referee: Arthur Willoughby Barton (GBR)

Bronze medal match

Norway  Flag of Norway.svg3–2Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Brustad Soccerball shade.svg 15', 21', 84' Report Wodarz Soccerball shade.svg 5'
Peterek Soccerball shade.svg 24' (pen.)
Berlin Olympic Stadium (Berlin)
Attendance: 95.000
Referee: Alfred Birlem (GER)

The Final (Gold medal match)

Italy now overcame Austria in a match refereed by Dr Peco Bauwens; the Austrians having defeated Poland to attend the final. Not that there was much in it; Frossi again scoring for the Azzurri and getting the winner just as extra-time got underway.

Italy  Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg2–1 (a.e.t.)Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
Frossi Soccerball shade.svg 70', 92' Report Kainberger Soccerball shade.svg 79'
Berlin Olympic Stadium (Berlin)
Attendance: 85,000
Referee: Peco Bauwens (Germany)

Bracket

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
3 August – Berlin
 
 
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy 1
 
7 August – Berlin
 
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States 0
 
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy 8
 
4 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan 0
 
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan 3
 
10 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 2
 
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy (a.e.t.)2
 
3 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 1
 
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 4
 
7 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 0
 
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 2
 
4 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg  Germany 0
 
Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg  Germany 9
 
15 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 0
 
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy (a.e.t.)2
 
5 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 1
 
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 3
 
8 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Egypt (1922-1958).svg  Egypt 1
 
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 2
 
6 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg  Peru (a.e.t.)42
 
Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg  Peru 7
 
11 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 3
 
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 3
 
5 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland 1 Third place
 
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland 3
 
8 August – Berlin 13 August – Berlin
 
Flag of Hungary 1940.svg  Hungary 0
 
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland 5Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 3
 
6 August – Berlin
 
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 4 Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland 2
 
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 2
 
 
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China 0
 
2 Withdrew.

Goalscorers

7 goals
6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal

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References

  1. Politika, October 18, 1935, p. 11 Archived May 13, 2018, at the Wayback Machine (in Serbian)
  2. "Football at the 1936 Berlin Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-08-30. Retrieved 2006-09-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. This goal belongs to Taizo Kawamoto according to this website Archived 2016-03-19 at the Wayback Machine
  5. English football statistics said that in this game played Daniel Pettit (instead of John Sutcliffe)
  6. 1 2 "Hitler, huffs and Kanu's 'beautiful moment' - Special reports - guardian.co.uk". www.theguardian.com. Archived from the original on 2016-09-16.
  7. Doyle, Paul (24 November 2011). "The forgotten story of … football, farce and fascism at the 1936 Olympics - Paul Doyle". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015.
  8. 1 2 3 "Las épocas doradas del fútbol peruano y las Olimpiadas de 1936" (PDF). Beta.upc.edu.pe (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2009-02-14.
  9. 1 2 "Controversia Berlín 36. Un mito derrumbado" (in Spanish). Larepublica.com.pe. Archived from the original on 2009-03-22. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 "Sport: Olympic Games (Concl'd)". Time.com. 1936-08-24. Archived from the original on 2009-06-29. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
  11. "BERLIN, 1936...¡ITALIA CAMPIONE!". archive.org. 4 July 2007. Archived from the original on 4 July 2007.
  12. 1 2 "Las Olimpiadas de Berlín". futbolperuano.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-08-23. Retrieved 2007-08-21.
  13. "Sport: Olympic Games (Concl'd)". Time. 1936-08-24. Archived from the original on 2010-11-21. Retrieved 2010-05-02.