|Teams||16 (from 4 confederations)|
|Venue(s)||4 (in 1 host city)|
|Champions||Italy (1st title)|
|Goals scored||78 (4.88 per match)|
|Top scorer(s)||Annibale Frossi (7 goals)|
Football at the 1936 Summer Olympics was won by Italy. After the introduction of the first FIFA World Cup in 1930 (which had, in itself led to the absence of a football tournament from the 1932 Games programme), competing nations would from now on only be permitted to play their best players if those players were amateur or (where national associations were assisted by interested states to traverse such a rule) where professional players were state-sponsored.However, since amateur players were counted as senior squad players, their results would be still counted as senior side's results until 1992.
|Olympiastadion||Stadion am Gesundbrunnen|
|Capacity: 100,000||Capacity: 35,239|
|Capacity: 45,000||Capacity: 15,005|
| Italy (ITA)|
| Austria (AUT)|
| Norway (NOR)|
The Italians, winners against the Austrians at the 1934 World Cup now found the Olympic side, with ten changes, a completely different proposition. The Azzurri included players such as Alfredo Foni, Pietro Rava and Ugo Locatelli, who would all play in their World Cup victory in Paris. That they eventually prevailed was due to two incidents: the first when their bespectacled forward Frossi scored, the second when Weingartner, the German referee, was literally restrained from sending off Archille Piccini after fouling two Americans. Italian players held both his arms and covered his mouth in protest. Piccini stayed on the park, Italy won.This was something more than Sweden managed in their tie with Japan the next day in Berlin. Two-nil up within 45 minutes, their loss was recorded by the Swedish commentator, Sven Jerring, calling “Japanese, Japanese, Japanese, Japanese all over” (Japaner, japaner, japaner, överallt japaner) during the final minutes as the Japanese defenders held out to run out as winners 3–2. It marked the first time an Asian side had participated in either the World Cup or Olympic Games football competition and the first time an Asian side emerged victorious. Their neighbours, China, lost 0–2 to Great Britain on the next day. Otherwise there were wins for Peru and the hosts, 9–0 versus Luxembourg.
| Martinsen 30', 70'|
| Kawamoto 49' |
|Report||Persson 24', 37'|
| Urban 16', 54', 75'|
Simetsreiter 32', 48', 74'
Gauchel 49', 89'
| Gad 12', 27'|
| Steinmetz 4', 65'|
| Fernández 17', 33', 47', 49', 70'|
Villanueva 21', 67'
|Report|| Kanerva 42' (pen.)|
Italy defeated Japan after Pozzo's decision to include Biagi, who scored goals. The same day at the Poststadion, Berlin before a crowd that included Goebbels, Göring, Hess and Hitler, Germany were knocked out 2–0 by Norway. Goebbels wrote: "The Führer is very excited, I can barely contain myself. A real bath of nerves." Norway went on to draw with Italy in the first round of the 1938 FIFA World Cup. Germany lost 2–0 and Hitler, who had never seen a football match before, and had originally planned to watch the rowing, left early in a huff.
The following day at the Hertha Platz, Austria played Peru. The match was highly contested, and the game went into overtime when the Peruvians drew with the Austrians after being two goals behind. Peru 'scored' five goals during extra time, of which three were disallowed by the referee, and won 4–2.The Austrians demanded a rematch on the grounds that Peruvian fans had stormed the field, and because the field did not meet the requirements for a football game. Austria further claimed that the Peruvian players had manhandled the Austrian players and that spectators, one holding a revolver, had "swarmed down on the field." Peru was notified of this situation, and they attempted to go to the assigned meeting but were delayed by a German parade. In the end, the Peruvian defence was never heard, and the Olympic Committee and FIFA sided with the Austrians. The rematch was scheduled to be replayed behind closed doors on 10 August, and later rescheduled to be taken on 11 August.
As a sign of protest against these actions, which the Peruvians deemed as insulting and discriminatory, the complete Olympic delegations of Peru and Colombia left Germany.Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and Mexico expressed their solidarity with Peru. Michael Dasso, a member of the Peruvian Olympic Committee, stated: "We've no faith in European athletics. We have come here and found a bunch of merchants." The game was awarded to Austria by default. In Peru, angry crowds protested against the decisions of the Olympic Committee by tearing down an Olympic flag, throwing stones at the German consulate, refusing to load German vessels in the docks of Callao, and listening to inflammatory speeches, which included President Oscar Benavides Larrea's mention of "the crafty Berlin decision." To this day, it is not known with certainty what exactly happened at Germany, but it is popularly believed that Adolf Hitler and the Nazi authorities might have had some involvement in this situation.
In the last of the quarter-finals Poland, assisted by their forward, Hubert Gad, played out a nine-goal party to defeat the British side; at one time they were 5–1 to the better. The Casual's Bernard Joy scored two as Britain fought back gamely but they ran out of time. Prior to the Games Daniel Pettit received a letter from the Football Association which dealt mostly with the uniform he would wear. As he explained to the academic Rachel Cutler there was a handwritten PS that said: 'As there is a month to go before we leave for Berlin kindly take some exercise.' Pettit ran around his local park.
| Frossi 14', 75', 80'|
Biagi 32', 57', 81', 82'
|Report||Isaksen 7', 83'|
| Gad 33'|
Wodarz 43', 48', 53'
|Report|| Clements 26'|
Joy 78', 80'
|Peru||4–2 (a.e.t.) 1||Austria|
| Alcalde 75'|
Villanueva 81', 117'
|Report|| Werginz 23'|
1 Due to a pitch invasion, the match was declared null and void, and ordered to be replayed on 10 August. Peru objected to the replay decision and withdrew from the tournament.
| Negro 15'|
Italy now overcame Austria in a match refereed by Dr Peco Bauwens; the Austrians having defeated Poland to attend the final. Not that there was much in it; Frossi again scoring for the Azzurri and getting the winner just as extra-time got underway.
|Frossi 70', 92'||Report||Kainberger 79'|
|Round of 16||Quarter-finals||Semi-finals||Final|
|3 August – Berlin|
|7 August – Berlin|
|4 August – Berlin|
|10 August – Berlin|
|3 August – Berlin|
|7 August – Berlin|
|4 August – Berlin|
|15 August – Berlin|
|5 August – Berlin|
|8 August – Berlin|
|6 August – Berlin|
|11 August – Berlin|
|5 August – Berlin|
|8 August – Berlin||13 August – Berlin|
|6 August – Berlin|
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