1932 Summer Olympics

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Games of the X Olympiad
1932 Summer Olympics logo.png
Host city Los Angeles, California, United States
Nations37
Athletes1,332 (1,206 men, 126 women)
Events117 in 14 sports (20 disciplines)
OpeningJuly 30
ClosingAugust 14
Opened by
Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Summer
Amsterdam 1928 Berlin 1936
Winter
Lake Placid 1932 Garmisch 1936

The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 30 to August 14, 1932, in Los Angeles, California, United States.

Los Angeles City in California

Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, and the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural, financial, and commercial center of Southern California. The city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, Hollywood and the entertainment industry, and its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America.

California State of the United States of America

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

Contents

The Games were held during the worldwide Great Depression and some nations were unable to pay for the trip to Los Angeles; 37 nations competed compared to 46 in the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam. Even U.S. President Herbert Hoover failed to put in an appearance at the Games. [2]

Great Depression 20th-century worldwide economic depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late-1930s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline.

1928 Summer Olympics games of the IX Olympiad, celebrated in Amsterdam in 1928

The 1928 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the IX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from 28 July to 12 August 1928 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The city of Amsterdam had previously bid for the 1920 and 1924 Olympic Games, but was obliged to give way to war-torn Antwerp in Belgium for the 1920 Games and Pierre de Coubertin's Paris for the 1924 Games.

Amsterdam Capital city of the Netherlands and municipality

Amsterdam is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Netherlands. Its status as the capital is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands, although it is not the seat of the government, which is The Hague. Amsterdam has a population of 854,047 within the city proper, 1,357,675 in the urban area and 2,410,960 in the metropolitan area. The city is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country but is not its capital, which is Haarlem. The Amsterdam metropolitan area comprises much of the northern part of the Randstad, one of the larger conurbations in Europe, which has a population of approximately 8.1 million.

The organizing committee did not record the finances of the Games in their report, although contemporary newspapers claimed that the Games had made a profit of US$1,000,000. [2]

Profit, in accounting, is an income distributed to the owner in a profitable market production process (business). Profit is a measure of profitability which is the owner’s major interest in income formation process of market production. There are several profit measures in common use.

Host city selection

The selection of the host city for the 1932 Summer Olympics was made at the 23rd IOC Session in Rome, Italy, in 1923. [3] Remarkably, the selection process consisted of a single bid, from Los Angeles, and as there were no bids from any other city, Los Angeles was selected by default to host the 1932 Games.

Rome Capital city and comune in Italy

Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

Highlights

The Australian Olympic Team at the Olympic Stadium, Los Angeles, 1932 The Australian Olympic Team at the Olympic Stadium, Los Angeles, 1932 - photographer unknown.jpg
The Australian Olympic Team at the Olympic Stadium, Los Angeles, 1932

An Olympic Village is an accommodation center built for the Olympic Games, usually within an Olympic Park or elsewhere in a host city. Olympic Villages are built to house all participating athletes, as well as officials and athletic trainers. After the Munich Massacre at the 1972 Olympics, the Villages have been made extremely secure. Only athletes, trainers and officials are allowed to room at the Village, though family members and former Olympic athletes are allowed inside with proper checks. Press and media are also barred.

Baldwin Hills, Los Angeles Neighborhood of Los Angeles in California, United States

Baldwin Hills is a neighborhood within the South Los Angeles region of Los Angeles California. It is home to Kenneth Hahn State Regional Park and to Village Green, a National Historic Landmark.

Wilshire Boulevard thoroughfare in Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, and Los Angeles, United States

Wilshire Boulevard is one of the principal east-west arterial roads in the Los Angeles area of Southern California, extending 15.83 miles (25.48 km) from Ocean Avenue in the city of Santa Monica east to Grand Avenue in the Financial District of downtown Los Angeles. It is also one of the major city streets though the city of Beverly Hills. Wilshire Boulevard runs roughly parallel with Santa Monica Boulevard from Santa Monica to the Miracle Mile district, after which it runs a block south of Sixth Street to its terminus.

Medals awarded

Takeichi Nishi with Olympic steed, Uranus Takeichi Nishi.jpg
Takeichi Nishi with Olympic steed, Uranus

117 events in 20 disciplines, comprising 14 sports, were part of the Olympic program in 1932. In one of two Equestrian jumping events (team competitions) no medals were awarded. The number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses.

At the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, four diving events were organized, two for men, and two for women. The competitions were held from Monday, August 8, 1932 to Saturday, August 13, 1932.

At the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, eleven swimming events were contested, six for men and five for women. The competitions were held from Saturday August 6, 1932 to Saturday August 13, 1932. There was a total of 128 participants from 20 countries competing.

Final results for the water polo tournament at the 1932 Summer Olympics:

Demonstration sports

Art

The Art competitions at the 1932 Summer Olympics awarded medals for works inspired by sport-related themes in five categories: architecture, literature, music, painting, and sculpture.

Venues

The Rose Bowl hosted the track cycling events for the 1932 Summer Olympics Rosebowl.JPG
The Rose Bowl hosted the track cycling events for the 1932 Summer Olympics

Fifteen sports venues were used for there 1932 Summer Olympics. In order to control cost in the wake of the Great Depression, existing venues were used. They included two golf courses, two city parks, three public highways, and a city road. The Swimming Stadium was the only new venue constructed for these games. The Rose Bowl, constructed in 1921, was made into a temporary velodrome for track cycling events under the auspices of the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). [10] [10] [11] The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, constructed in 1923, was used as the Olympic Stadium. [12] [13] The Olympic Auditorium was constructed in 1924 in preparation for Los Angeles being awarded the Games; it was modified to meet the specifications of the boxing, weightlifting, and wrestling federations. [14] Long Beach Marine Stadium was created in 1925 when Alamitos Bay was dredged, then further dredged seven years later in time for the 1932 Games. [15] Elysian Park, the oldest city park in Los Angeles, was founded in 1886, and has been part of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) training academy since 1925. [16] [17] The Riviera Country Club opened in 1926 as the Los Angeles Athletic Club Golf Course and was renamed Riviera by the time of the 1932 Games. [18] The swimming stadium, constructed adjacent to the Coliseum in 1932, was intended to be a temporary structure. [19] Riverside Drive, Los Angeles Avenue, Vineyard Avenue, and the Pacific Coast Highway were common driving routes in California at the time of the 1932 Games. [20] [21]

The Coliseum was the first home for the Dodgers Major League Baseball (MLB) team when it moved from Brooklyn, New York in the 1958 season. [22] The following year, it hosted the MLB All-Star Game and the World Series. [23] [24] Once Dodger Stadium was completed in 1962, the Dodgers moved there where they have been since. [25] The Los Angeles Rams National Football League (NFL) team used the Coliseum as its host stadium from 1946 to 1980 when it moved to Anaheim, located southeast of Los Angeles. [26] [27] It also hosted what would become known as Super Bowl I in 1967. [28] Even the American Football League's Chargers used the Coliseum as a venue in 1960 until their move to San Diego the following year. [29] The Coliseum continues to host USC Trojans football games to this day, and also hosted UCLA Bruins football for a number of years. The Rams return to the Coliseum in 2016.

The track constructed in the Rose Bowl was given to the Tournament of Roses Association upon completion of the 1932 Games. [10] The Bowl was expanded between 1932 and the 1984 Summer Olympics three times, increasing its capacity from 83,000 in 1931 to 104,594 in 1972. [30] It hosted Super Bowl XI in 1977, where the Oakland Raiders defeated the Minnesota Vikings 32–14. [30] It is the current home of UCLA Bruins football and the Rose Bowl Game, and was the home of the L.A. Galaxy soccer team for a number of years.

Elysian Park's shooting range was left intact for the LAPD to use. [10] Sunset Fields Golf Club was renamed Brentwood Country Club in 1941 and is still in use as of 2010. [31] All of the road courses were returned to public usage after the Olympics. [20] [21] The Olympic Auditorium continued to be of use for boxing and roller derby events [32] until June 2005 when it was bought to be used as a megachurch. Los Angeles Harbor continues to be a major sea port in the Western United States, employing 919,000 people and generating US$39.1 billion in annual wages and tax revenues as of 2007. [33] The Riveria Country Club continues to host golf events, hosting the 1948 U.S. Open and the PGA Championship in 1983 and 1995. [34] [35] [36] The Swim Stadium was renovated in 2003 and continues to be in use as of 2010. [37]

For the 1984 Summer Olympics, the Coliseum and the Rose Bowl were used as venues. [38]

VenueSportsCapacityRef.
160th Regiment State Armory Fencing, Modern pentathlon (fencing)1,800 [39]
Los Angeles Harbor Sailing Not listed [40]
Los Angeles Police Pistol Range Modern pentathlon (shooting), Shooting Not listed [10]
Long Beach Marine Stadium Rowing 17,000 [41]
Los Angeles Avenue Cycling (road)Not listed [20]
Olympic Auditorium Boxing, Weightlifting, Wrestling 10,000. [14]
Olympic Stadium Athletics, Equestrian (eventing, jumping), Field hockey, Gymnastics 105,000 [12]
Pacific Coast Highway Cycling (road)Not listed [20]
Riverside Drive at Griffith Park Athletics (50 km walk)Not listed [21]
Riviera Country Club Equestrian (dressage, eventing), Modern pentathlon (riding)9,500 [42]
Rose Bowl in Pasadena Cycling (track)85,000 [10]
Sunset Fields Golf Club Modern pentathlon (running)Not listed [43]
Swimming Stadium Diving, Modern pentathlon (swimming), Swimming, Water polo 10,000 [19]
Vineyard Avenue Cycling (road)Not listed [20]
Westchester Equestrian (cross-country riding)Not listed [44]

Participating nations

Participants (blue = first-time) 1932 Summer Olympics countries.png
Participants (blue = first-time)
Number of athletes 1932 Summer Olympic games numbers.png
Number of athletes

A total of 37 nations were represented at the 1932 Games. Colombia made its first appearance at the Olympic Games, and the Republic of China competed for the first time after its failed appearance at the 1924 Games.

Participating National Olympic Committees

Medal count

These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1932 Games.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1US flag 48 stars.svg  United States (host nation)413230103
2Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy 12121236
3Flag of France.svg  France 105419
4Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 95923
5Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan 77418
6Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946; 3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Hungary 64515
7Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 581225
8Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 47516
9Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany 312520
10Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 3115

See also

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Venues of the 1980 Summer Olympics

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Venues of the 1984 Summer Olympics

For the 1984 Summer Olympics, a total of thirty-one sports venues were used. Two venues from the 1932 Summer Olympics, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and the Rose Bowl, were used for these Games. Between the 1932 and the 1984 Summer Olympics, the expansion of professional sports teams assisted in the growth of the facilities that would be used for the 1984 events. Only two new permanent venues were constructed, both using corporate sponsorship though neither were mentioned in the official Olympic report. Many of the other venues had temporary adjustments and returned to their normal usage once the 1984 Olympics were completed. Stanford Stadium in Palo Alto and the Rose Bowl later served as venues for the Super Bowl, the FIFA World Cup, and the FIFA Women's World Cup. The velodrome that was constructed for the 1984 Games was demolished in 2003.

For the 1996 Summer Olympics, a total of twenty-nine sports venues were used.

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Preceded by
Amsterdam
Summer Olympic Games
Los Angeles

X Olympiad (1932)
Succeeded by
Berlin