Rose Bowl (stadium)

Last updated
Rose Bowl Stadium
Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl
America's Stadium
Rose Bowl (stadium) logo.svg
2018.06.17 Over the Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA USA 0039 (42855669451) (cropped).jpg
Rose Bowl in 2018
USA Los Angeles Metropolitan Area location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Rose Bowl Stadium
Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl
Location in L.A. metro area
Relief map of California.png
Red pog.svg
Rose Bowl Stadium
Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl
Location in California
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Rose Bowl Stadium
Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl
Location in the United States
Address1001 Rose Bowl Drive
Location Pasadena, California, U.S.
Coordinates 34°09′40″N118°10′05″W / 34.161°N 118.168°W / 34.161; -118.168 Coordinates: 34°09′40″N118°10′05″W / 34.161°N 118.168°W / 34.161; -118.168
Public transit LAMetroLogo.svg   LACMTA Circle Gold Line.svg  
Memorial Park
Del Mar
(Via ARTS Bus Line)
OwnerCity of Pasadena
OperatorRose Bowl Operating Company
Capacity 92,542 [1]
Record attendance106,869 [2] (1973 Rose Bowl)
SurfaceGrass
Construction
Broke ground1922 [3]
OpenedOctober 28, 1922
first Rose Bowl game:
January 1, 1923
Construction cost $272,198
($4.07 million in 2018 [4] )
Architect Myron Hunt [5]
Tenants
Rose Bowl Game (NCAA) (1923–present)
Caltech Beavers (NCAA) (1923–1976, some games)
Pasadena HS Bulldogs (1923–present, some games)
John Muir HS Mustangs (1954–present, some games)
Loyola Lions (1951)
CSULA Diablos (1957–1960, 1963–1969)
Los Angeles Wolves (NASL) (1968)
Pasadena Bowl (1946–1966, 1969–1971)
Los Angeles Aztecs (NASL) (1978–1979)
UCLA Bruins (NCAA) (1982–present)
Los Angeles Galaxy (MLS) (1996–2002)
The Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl, panorama.jpg
Rose Bowl, panorama during UCLA-Arizona football game
NRHP reference # 87000755 [6]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPFebruary 27, 1987
Designated NHLFebruary 27, 1987 [7]

The Rose Bowl, also known as Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl, [8] is an American outdoor athletic stadium, located in Pasadena, California, a northeast suburb of Los Angeles. Opened in October 1922, the stadium is recognized as a National Historic Landmark and a California Historic Civil Engineering landmark. [7] At a modern capacity of an all-seated configuration at 92,542 (making it one of the rare stadiums in college football to have such a seating arrangement; many such stadiums have bench-style seating) [1] the Rose Bowl is the 15th-largest stadium in the world, the 11th-largest stadium in the United States, and the 10th largest NCAA stadium.

Stadium place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events

A stadium is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field or stage either partly or completely surrounded by a tiered structure designed to allow spectators to stand or sit and view the event.

Pasadena, California City in California, United States

Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, located 10 miles northeast of Downtown Los Angeles.

Los Angeles City in California

Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in California and the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural, financial, and commercial center of Southern California. The city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, Hollywood and the entertainment industry, and its sprawling metropolis.

Contents

One of the most famous venues in sporting history, [9] the Rose Bowl is best known as a college football venue, specifically as the host of the annual Rose Bowl Game for which it is named. Since 1982, it has also served as the home stadium of the UCLA Bruins football team. The stadium has also hosted five Super Bowl games, second most of any venue. The Rose Bowl is also a noted soccer venue, having hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final, 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, and the 1984 Olympic Gold Medal Match, as well as numerous CONCACAF and United States Soccer Federation matches. [10]

College football collegiate rules version of American/Canadian football, played by student-athletes of American/Canadian colleges and universities

College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, colleges, and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities. It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States.

Rose Bowl Game American college football tournament

The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 at the Rose Bowl stadium in Pasadena, California. When New Year's Day falls on a Sunday, the game is played on Monday, January 2. The Rose Bowl Game is nicknamed "The Granddaddy of Them All" because it is the oldest bowl game. It was first played in 1902 as the Tournament East–West football game, and has been played annually since 1916. Since 1945, it has been the highest attended college football bowl game. It is a part of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association's "America's New Year Celebration", which also includes the historic Rose Parade.

The 1982 UCLA Bruins football team was an American football team that represented the University of California, Los Angeles during the 1982 NCAA Division I-A football season. In their seventh year under head coach Terry Donahue, the Bruins compiled a 10–1–1 record, finished in first place in the Pacific-10 Conference.

The stadium and adjacent Brookside Golf and Country Club are owned by the city of Pasadena and managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the city of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board.

Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association organization

Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association, created by the efforts of Charles Frederick Holder and Francis F. Rowland, is the non-profit organization that has annually produced the New Year's Day Rose Parade since 1890 and the Rose Bowl since 1902. "America's New Year Celebration" is "a festival of flowers, music and equestrians and sports unequaled anywhere in the world", according to the Tournament of Roses. The association has 935 volunteer members and the members spend some 80,000 combined work-hours to stage the events.

History

Design and construction

Construction in 1921; note the original horseshoe shape RoseBowl-construction1921.jpg
Construction in 1921; note the original horseshoe shape

The game now known as the Rose Bowl Game was played at Tournament Park though January 1922, about three miles (5 km) southeast, adjacent to the campus of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). The Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association, the game's organizer, realized the temporary stands were inadequate for a crowd of more than 40,000, and sought to build a better, permanent stadium.

Tournament Park

Tournament Park is a park and athletics venue in Pasadena, California, United States, northeast of Los Angeles. Currently maintained by the California Institute of Technology, it was simply known as the "town lot" before being renamed "Tournament Park" in 1900. Tournament Park gets its name from the Tournament of Roses, and it served as a venue in the early 20th century for events associated with the Tournament, such as chariot races, ostrich races, and even a race between a camel and an elephant. It is best known as the site of the first eight Rose Bowl Games (1902, 1916–1922).

1922 Rose Bowl

The 1922 Rose Bowl was a college football bowl game played on January 2, 1922, between the Washington & Jefferson Presidents (W&J) and the California Golden Bears. It holds several distinctions including being the only scoreless Rose Bowl Game, the first tie in a Rose Bowl, the first African-American quarterback to play in the Rose Bowl, the first freshman to play in a Rose Bowl, and Hal Erickson (W&J) became the only man ever to play in two Rose Bowls, with two teams, without losing. It was also the last to be played at Tournament Park and to be officially known as the Tournament East-West Football Game, and with only 450 students at the time, Washington & Jefferson College was the smallest school to ever play in a Rose Bowl.

California Institute of Technology private research university located in Pasadena, California

The California Institute of Technology (Caltech) is a private doctorate-granting research university in Pasadena, California. Known for its strength in natural science and engineering, Caltech is often ranked as one of the world's top-ten universities.

The stadium was designed by architect Myron Hunt in 1921. His design was influenced by the Yale Bowl in New Haven, Connecticut, which opened in 1914. The Arroyo Seco was selected as the location for the stadium. The Rose Bowl was under construction from Feb. 27, 1922 to October 1922. [11] [12] The nearby Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum also was under construction during this time and would be completed in May 1923, shortly after the Rose Bowl was completed. Originally built as a horseshoe, the stadium was expanded several times. The southern stands were completed in 1928, enclosing the stadium into a complete bowl.

Myron Hunt American architect

Myron Hubbard Hunt was an American architect whose numerous projects include many noted landmarks in Southern California and Evanston, Illinois. Hunt was elected a Fellow in the American Institute of Architects in 1908.

Yale Bowl stadium

The Yale Bowl is a college football stadium in the northeast United States, located in New Haven, Connecticut, on the border of West Haven, about 1½ miles west of the main campus of Yale University. The home of the Yale Bulldogs of the Ivy League, it opened in 1914 with 70,896 seats; renovations have reduced its current capacity to 61,446.

New Haven, Connecticut City in Connecticut, United States

New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of Long Island Sound in New Haven County, Connecticut, and is part of the New York metropolitan area. With a population of 129,779 as determined by the 2010 United States Census, it is the second-largest city in Connecticut after Bridgeport. New Haven is the principal municipality of Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 862,477 in 2010.

The field's alignment is nearly north-south, offset slightly northwest, and the elevation at street level is approximately 830 feet (255 m) above sea level.

Elevation Height of a geographic location above a fixed reference point

The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface . The term elevation is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height is used for points above the surface, such as an aircraft in flight or a spacecraft in orbit, and depth is used for points below the surface.

Sea level Average level for the surface of the ocean at any given geographical position on the planetary surface

Mean sea level (MSL) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevation may be measured. MSL is a type of vertical datum – a standardised geodetic datum – that is used, for example, as a chart datum in cartography and marine navigation, or, in aviation, as the standard sea level at which atmospheric pressure is measured to calibrate altitude and, consequently, aircraft flight levels. A common and relatively straightforward mean sea-level standard is the midpoint between a mean low and mean high tide at a particular location.

The stadium's name was alternatively "Tournament of Roses Stadium" or "Tournament of Roses Bowl", until being settled as "Rose Bowl" before the 1923 Rose Bowl game, [13] in reference to the unusually named (at the time) Yale Bowl.

The stadium is extremely difficult to access due to the traffic caused by single-lane residential street access. It has no dedicated parking lot for visitors and parking issues have routinely caused visitors to spend two to three hours completing the last mile to the stadium on game days. In 2016, Rose Bowl contracted ParkJockey to streamline parking in and around the stadium.

There are also shuttles to help visitors get to the stadium and mobile lights powered by generators to provide visibility for people walking on the golf course at night.

Dedication, October 1922

The first game was a regular season contest in 1922, when California defeated USC 12–0 on October 28. This was the only loss for USC and Cal finished the season undefeated. California declined the invitation to the 1923 Rose Bowl game and USC went instead. The stadium was dedicated officially on January 1, 1923, when USC defeated Penn State 14–3.

Seating

The stadium seating has been reconfigured several times since its construction in 1922. The South end was filled in to complete the bowl and more seats have been added. The original wooden benches were replaced by aluminum benches in 1969. All new grandstand and loge seats had been installed since 1971. [14] New red seat backs had been added on 22,000 seats prior to the 1980 Rose Bowl. [14] A Rose Bowl improvement was conducted because of UCLA's 1982 move and the 1984 Summer Olympics. This resulted in new seat backs for 50,000 seats. [14]

For many years, the Rose Bowl had the largest football stadium capacity in the United States, eventually being surpassed by Michigan Stadium (107,601). [15] [16] The Rose Bowl's maximum stated seating capacity was 104,091 from 1972 to 1997. [14] Some of the seats closest to the field were never used during this time for UCLA regular season games, and were covered by tarps. Official capacity was lowered following the 1998 Rose Bowl. Slightly different figures are given for the current capacity, for the lower level seats behind the team benches are not used for some events since the spectators can not see through the standing players or others on the field. UCLA reports the capacity at 91,136. [17] The Tournament of Roses reports the capacity at 92,542. [18] The 2006 Rose Bowl game, which was also the BCS championship game, had a crowd of 93,986. [19] In the 2011 contest between TCU and Wisconsin, the listed attendance is 94,118. As of 2008, the Rose Bowl is the 11th largest football stadium, and is still the largest stadium that hosts post-season bowl games. [20] For concerts held there, the Rose Bowl holds almost 60,000 people. The stadium's 2014 remodeling removed the lower "lettered row" seats on each side behind the players' benches and provided access in and out of the stadium for the lower sections of the Rose Bowl, restoring its original design.

Stadium renovations

UCLA-USC football game at the Rose Bowl; the 2008 edition marked a return to the tradition of both teams wearing home jerseys 2008-1206-USC-UCLA-009-RB-redblue.JPG
UCLA-USC football game at the Rose Bowl; the 2008 edition marked a return to the tradition of both teams wearing home jerseys

The press box was updated before the 1962 Rose Bowl with an elevator and two rows. The cost was $356,000. The Press Box was refurbished for UCLA's move in 1982 and the 1984 Summer Olympics. [14] In 2011 and 2012, the press box was undergoing renovation as part of the larger renovation originally budgeted at $152 million in 2010. [21] Costs had increased to $170 million during construction. [22] Work proceeded during the 2011 football season, and was expected to be completed before the UCLA Bruins' first home game in 2012. [22] Some unforeseen problems had been encountered due to the stadium's age and some renovations done in the early 1990s. [22] Most of the planned renovations were completed in 2013. Because of the increased construction cost, items deferred for the future are additional new restrooms, the historic field hedge, new entry-gate structures, and additional new concession stands. The stadium has started "The Brick Campaign" to help pay for some of the cost of the renovations. [23] The Brick Campaign, completed in 2014, features a large logo of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses and the donor bricks arranged by universities in front of the south main entrance to the stadium. A large 30 feet tall by 77 feet wide LED video display board was added to the north end of the stadium as a part of the renovation.

Court of Champions

The Court of Champions is at the stadium's south end. Rose Bowl game records along with the names of the coaches and the MVP players, are shown on the plaques attached to the exterior wall. The Hall of Fame statue is also at the Court of Champions. The 2014 renovation allows more plaques to be placed on the wall and floor for future games.

Terry Donahue Pavilion

The seven-story Terry Donahue Pavilion is named for the former UCLA football head coach, who is the most successful coach in UCLA and Pac-12 history. It houses the press boxes, broadcast booths, premium seating, boxes and suites. The radio and TV booths were renamed "The Keith Jackson Broadcast Center" in December 2015. Jackson, the former ABC-TV sportscaster, coined the phrase "The Granddaddy of Them All" for the Rose Bowl game." [24]

Sports Illustrated venue rankings

In 1999, Sports Illustrated listed the Rose Bowl at number 20 in the Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century. [25] In 2007, Sports Illustrated named the Rose Bowl the number one venue in college sports. [26]

Football at the Rose Bowl

Rose Bowl Game

The Rose Bowl stadium is best known in the U.S. for its hosting of the Rose Bowl, a postseason college football game. The game is played after the Tournament of Roses Parade on New Year's Day, or, if January 1 is a Sunday, on the following Monday January 2. The stadium's name has given rise to the term "bowl game" for postseason football games, regardless of whether they are played in a bowl-shaped or "Bowl"-named stadium. The Rose Bowl Game is commonly referred to as "The Granddaddy of Them All" because of its stature as the oldest of all the bowl games. Since its opening, the Rose Bowl stadium has hosted the bowl game every year except the 1942 Rose Bowl, when the game was moved to Durham, North Carolina, at the campus of Duke University. Duke, which played in the game on January 1, volunteered to host the contest because of security concerns on the West Coast in the weeks following the attack on Pearl Harbor. [27] [28] Since 1945, the Rose Bowl has been the highest attended college football bowl game. [29]

BCS National Championship

Texas and Alabama in January 2010 2010 BCS Champ.jpg
Texas and Alabama in January 2010
Florida State and Auburn in January 2014 2014 BCS Championship.JPG
Florida State and Auburn in January 2014

Starting with the 1998 season, the Rose Bowl became part of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS). The 2002 and 2006 games also were the BCS Championship games, matching the #1 and #2 BCS teams in the nation. The 2010 BCS National Championship Game was played six days after the Rose Bowl game as a completely separate event from the Tournament of Roses, though it managed the event. The stadium hosted the 2014 BCS National Championship Game, the final game before the BCS was replaced by the current College Football Playoff, when it celebrated its 100th anniversary of the Rose Bowl game. [30]

SeasonGameDateVisiting teamPointsHome teamPointsSpectators
2001 2002 January 3 Nebraska 14 Miami 3793,781
2005 2006 January 4 Texas 41 USC*3893,986
2009 2010 January 7 Texas 21 Alabama 3794,906
2013   2014  January 6 Auburn 31 Florida State 3494,208

Note: *USC later vacated all wins during the season.

Though the Rose Bowl is eligible to bid on hosting the College Football Playoff Championship Game in years it is not hosting a semifinal, it has no plans to do so. [31]

College Football Playoff semifinals

The Rose Bowl Game is one of the six primary bowls of the College Football Playoff (CFP), which replaced the BCS effective with the 2014 season. Every three years, the Rose Bowl will match two of the top four teams selected by the system's selection committee to compete for a spot at the national championship game. The first CFP semifinal game at the Rose Bowl was the 2015 Rose Bowl, whose winner advanced to the championship game on January 12 at AT&T Stadium in Texas.

SeasonRose BowlDateVisiting teamPointsHome teamPointsSpectators
2014 2015 January 1#3 Florida State 20#2 Oregon 5991,322
2017 2018 January 1#3 Georgia 54#2 Oklahoma 4892,844

UCLA Bruins football home stadium

Previous edition of Rose Bowl records at Hall of Champions UCLA Rose Bowl record.jpg
Previous edition of Rose Bowl records at Hall of Champions

The Rose Bowl stadium has been the home football field for UCLA since 1982. [17] The UCLA Bruins had played their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum since 1928. There was an attempt to build a 44,000 seat stadium on campus, at the site where Drake Stadium eventually was built. However, the proposal was blocked by influential area residents, as well as some politicians. [32] [33]

At the start of the 1982 NFL season, with the Oakland Raiders scheduled to move into the Coliseum, UCLA decided to relocate its home games to the Rose Bowl Stadium. [34] The Bruins went on to play two straight Rose Bowl games in their new home stadium, the 1983 Rose Bowl and the 1984 Rose Bowl. UCLA has participated in five Rose Bowl games since moving to the stadium. The stadium is the host of the UCLA–USC rivalry football game on even numbered years, alternating with the Coliseum. In the first rivalry game at the stadium between UCLA and USC in 1982, USC fans sat on the west side of the stadium and UCLA fans sat on the east side of the stadium, mirroring an arrangement that existed when the teams shared the Coliseum. Both teams also wore their home uniforms. In 1984, USC fans were moved to the end zone seats, which ended the tradition of shared stadium. Because of the shared arrangement, and the participation of USC in a number of Rose Bowl games, both schools have winning records in each other's home stadium. The Bruins travel 26 miles from campus to Pasadena to play home games, but only 14 miles to their biggest road game at USC every other year. [32]

Caltech Beavers football home stadium

Caltech, a university located in Pasadena, played most home games in the Rose Bowl from the time of its construction until the school dropped football in 1993. Caltech jovially claimed to play before the greatest number of empty seats in the nation. [35]

Junior Rose Bowl

The stadium hosted the Junior Rose Bowl from 1946 to 1971 and 1976 to 1977. Between 1946 and 1966 and 1976 and 1977, the game pitted the California Junior College football champions against the NJCAA football champions for the national championship. It was organized by the Pasadena Junior Chamber of Commerce. The Junior Rose Bowl became the Pasadena Bowl from 1967 to 1971; it was billed as the Junior Rose Bowl the first two years, but instead two teams from the NCAA College Division competed (then later the University Division, usually featuring teams that were not invited to other major bowls).

1983 Army-Navy game

The Rose Bowl stadium is the only site west of the Mississippi River to host an Army–Navy Game (1983). The city of Pasadena paid for the traveling expenses of all the students and supporters of both the U.S. Naval Academy and U.S. Military Academy. [36] The attendance was 81,000. [37] [38] The game was brought to the Rose Bowl as there are a large number of military installations and servicemen and women, along with many retired military personnel, on the West Coast. [36]

Super Bowls

The stadium has hosted the Super Bowl five times. The first was Super Bowl XI in January 1977, when the Oakland Raiders beat the Minnesota Vikings 3214. The game was also played there in 1980 (XIV), 1983 (XVII), 1987 (XXI) and 1993 (XXVII). The Rose Bowl is one of two venues (with Stanford Stadium) to host a Super Bowl though having never served as the full-time home stadium for an NFL or AFL team (Stanford Stadium hosted one San Francisco 49ers game after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake).

SeasonDateSuper BowlVisiting teamPointsHome teamPointsSpectators
1976 January 9, 1977 XI Oakland Raiders 32 Minnesota Vikings 14103,438
1979 January 20, 1980 XIV Los Angeles Rams 19 Pittsburgh Steelers 31103,985
1982 January 30, 1983 XVII Miami Dolphins 17 Washington Redskins 27103,667
1986 January 25, 1987 XXI Denver Broncos 20 New York Giants 39101,063
1992 January 31, 1993 XXVII Buffalo Bills 17 Dallas Cowboys 52  98,374

Because the NFL has a policy limiting the hosting of a Super Bowl to metropolitan areas with NFL teams, the Super Bowl has not been played at the Rose Bowl since the Rams and Raiders departed the Los Angeles area in 1995. The most recent Super Bowl held in southern California was XXXVII in San Diego in January 2003. The next L.A.-based Super Bowl (LVI) is scheduled for February 2022 at the Rams' and Chargers' new stadium in Inglewood (the Rams returned to Los Angeles in 2016, the Chargers the following year).

Soccer at the Rose Bowl

Though best known as an American football stadium, the Rose Bowl is also one of the most decorated soccer (association football) venues in the world. The stadium hosted the prestigious 1994 FIFA World Cup Final (an event watched by over 700 million people worldwide), the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, and the 1984 Olympic Gold Medal Match, making it the only venue in the world to host all three of international soccer's major championship matches. [39] The United States men's national soccer team has played 17 games in the Rose Bowl, the fourth most of any venue. It has also hosted MLS Cup 1998 and the 2002 and 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Finals. Mexico has played a number of friendlies in the stadium against nations other than the United States.

In the past, it was also the home ground of two North American Soccer League clubs, the Los Angeles Wolves in 1968 and the Los Angeles Aztecs in 1978 and 1979. From 1996 through 2002, the stadium was the home ground of Major League Soccer club Los Angeles Galaxy, who still host occasional matches there. [40]

Major global soccer tournaments

The Rose Bowl is one of two stadiums to have hosted the FIFA World Cup finals for both men and women. The Rose Bowl hosted the men's final in 1994 and the women's final in 1999. (The only other stadium with this honor is the Råsunda Stadium near Stockholm, Sweden, which hosted the men's final in 1958 and the women's final in 1995.) Both Rose Bowl finals were scoreless after extra time and decided on penalty shootouts; Brazil defeating Italy in the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final, and the United States defeating China in the 1999 women's final. [41] [42]

The Rose Bowl also hosted group stage matches of the Copa América Centenario in 2016. [43] It also hosted several matches including the final of the 1984 Olympics men's soccer tournament. On July 27, 2016, the Rose Bowl hosted a 2016 International Champions Cup match between Chelsea and Liverpool. Chelsea won the match 1-0. The Rose Bowl also hosted a 2018 International Champions Cup match between F.C. Barcelona and Tottenham Hotspur where Barcelona won 5-3 in penalty kicks after a 2-2 draw. It has also regularly featured CONCACAF Gold Cup matches including two finals.

The Rose Bowl is a candidate to host matches in the 2026 FIFA World Cup, and will be a venue in the 2028 Summer Olympics. [44]

1994 FIFA World Cup matches

DateTime (UTC−8)Team #1Res.Team #2RoundAttendance
1994-06-1816:30Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 1–3Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Group A 91,856
1994-06-1916:30Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 2–2Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Group B 93,194
1994-06-2216:30Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2–1Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Group A 93,469
1994-06-2616:30Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0–1Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Group A 93,869
1994-07-0313:30Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 3–2Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Round of 16 90,469
1994-07-1316:30Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1–0Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Semi-final 91,856
1994-07-1612:30Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 4–0Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 3rd place match 91,500
1994-07-1712:30Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0–0 (3–2 on pen.)Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Final 94,194

1999 FIFA Women's World Cup matches

DateTime (UTC−8)Team #1Res.Team #2RoundAttendance
1999-06-2016:00Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1 – 1Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Group B 17,100
1999-06-2018:30Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 1 – 2Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Group A 17,100
1999-07-1010:15Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 0 – 0 (4 – 5 on pen.)Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3rd place match 90,185
1999-07-1012:30Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0 – 0 (5 – 4 on pen.)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR Final 90,185

Other events and usage

Pasadena events

4th of July Fireworks over the Rose Bowl Fireworks over the Rose Bowl 20140704.jpg
4th of July Fireworks over the Rose Bowl

The Rose Bowl has hosted the Pasadena "Americafest" Independence Day celebration annually since 1927. [45] The annual fireworks show is considered one of the top fireworks shows in the nation. Another local event is the Rose Bowl Flea Market held the second Sunday of each month, on the stadium parking lots. Hosted by promoter R.G. Canning, it claims to be the largest Flea market on the West Coast. [46] The stadium host the annual "Turkey Tussle" homecoming football game between John Muir High School and Pasadena High School, in early November. The Rose Bowl hosted its annual graduation ceremonies for Blair High School, John Muir High School and Pasadena High School until 1984, before staging it at the individual schools until 1998. Currently all three high schools along with John Marshall Fundamental School hold their graduation ceremonies at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium in early June.

1932 Summer Olympics

The Rose Bowl was the track cycling venue for the 1932 Summer Olympics. [47]

Concerts

DatePerformer(s)Opening act(s)Tour/EventAttendanceNotes
September 15, 1968 [48] Big Brother and the Holding Company N/AN/AN/AN/A
June 6, 1982 [49] [50] N/APeace Sunday: We Have a DreamN/AN/A
July 2, 1982 [51] Journey Blue Öyster Cult
Triumph
Aldo Nova
Escape Tour 83,214N/A
August 1, 1982 [52] N/AN/AN/AN/A
June 18, 1988 [53] Depeche Mode Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark Music for the Masses Tour 60,453The concert was filmed and recorded for the group's documentary-concert film and live album 101 .
June 27, 1992 [54] The Cure Cranes
Dinosaur Jr.
Wish Tour35,000N/A
October 3, 1992 [55] Metallica & Guns N' Roses Motörhead Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour 68,639Comedian Andrew Dice Clay opened for Guns N' Roses and introduced the band when they came onstage.
January 31, 1993 Michael Jackson N/A Super Bowl XXVII halftime showN/AN/A
July 31, 1993 Juan Gabriel N/AN/AN/ABecomes the first Latin American singer to perform at the Rose Bowl.
April 16, 1994 [56] Pink Floyd N/A The Division Bell Tour 129,060N/A
April 17, 1994 [56] N/AN/A
July 17, 1994 [57] Kenny G
Whitney Houston
N/A 1994 FIFA World Cup closing ceremonyN/AN/A
October 19, 1994 [58] The Rolling Stones Red Hot Chili Peppers
Buddy Guy
Voodoo Lounge Tour 119,140
October 21, 1994 [58]
January 21, 1995 [59] Eagles Sheryl Crow Hell Freezes Over Tour60,000N/A
June 27, 1998 Lilith Fair N/A1998 TourN/AN/A
July 10, 1999 Jennifer Lopez N/A 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup closing ceremonyN/AN/A
July 17, 1999 [60] Lilith Fair N/A1999 TourN/AN/A
June 9, 2000 [61] 'N Sync P!nk No Strings Attached Tour N/AN/A
July 24, 2001 [62] Eden's Crush
Samantha Mumba
PopOdyssey 62,196N/A
June 15, 2002 [63] Various artistsN/A Wango Tango N/AN/A
May 17, 2003 [63] N/AN/AN/A
May 15, 2004 [63] N/AN/AN/A
October 25, 2009 [64] U2 The Black Eyed Peas U2 360° Tour 97,014The concert was streamed on the group's official YouTube channel, and also filmed for the band's concert film U2360° at the Rose Bowl .
July 28, 2013 [65] Justin Timberlake
Jay Z
DJ Cassidy Legends of the Summer 63,162N/A
August 2, 2014 Beyoncé
Jay Z
On the Run Tour 96,994N/A
August 3, 2014N/A
August 7, 2014 Eminem
Rihanna
The Monster Tour 110,346
August 8, 2014
September 11, 2014 One Direction 5 Seconds of Summer
Jamie Scott
Where We Are Tour 165,170During the performance on September 13, the band performed a cover of "Happy Birthday" by Mildred J. Hill dedicated to Niall; and also of "I Gotta Feeling" by The Black Eyed Peas, "Beautiful Girls" by Sean Kingston, "Stand by Me" by Ben E. King and "Rock Your Body" by Justin Timberlake, along with a snippet of "I Want".
September 12, 2014
September 13, 2014
July 25, 2015 Kenny Chesney
Jason Aldean
Brantley Gilbert
Cole Swindell
Old Dominion
The Big Revival Tour
Burn It Down Tour
53,864N/A
May 14, 2016Beyoncé DJ Khaled The Formation World Tour 55,736 Big Sean, Yo Gotti, Ne-Yo, Ty Dolla $ign, Fat Joe, Remy Ma, Trey Songz, and Snoop Dogg joined DJ Khaled during the opening act. Beyoncé become the first female headliner at the stadium. [66]
August 20, 2016 Coldplay Bishop Briggs
Alessia Cara
Stargate
A Head Full of Dreams Tour 120,062The concert was streamed in China and the Philippines. [67]
August 21, 2016Bishop Briggs
Alessia Cara
N/A
May 20, 2017U2 The Lumineers The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 123,164N/A
May 21, 2017N/A
July 29, 2017Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
Gojira
WorldWired Tour 60,509N/A
September 16, 2017 [68] Green Day Catfish and the Bottlemen Revolution Radio Tour 36,912 [69]
October 6, 2017 [70] Coldplay Tove Lo
Alina Baraz
A Head Full of Dreams Tour64,442The proceeds from these shows went towards the relief efforts for the Central Mexico earthquake. [71]
May 18, 2018 [72] Taylor Swift Camila Cabello
Charli XCX
Taylor Swift's reputation Stadium Tour 118,084 Shawn Mendes was the surprise guest. Swift performed "There's Nothing Holdin' Me Back" with Shawn.
May 19, 2018 Troye Sivan and Selena Gomez were the surprise guests. Swift performed "My My My!" with Troye and "Hands To Myself" with Selena.
August 18, 2018 [73] Ed Sheeran Snow Patrol
Anne-Marie
÷ Tour 62,321N/A
September 22, 2018 Beyoncé
Jay Z
Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled On the Run II Tour 106,550N/A
September 23, 2018N/A
May 4, 2019 [74] BTS N/A BTS World Tour Love Yourself: Speak Yourself Becomes the first South Korean act to perform at The Rose Bowl.
May 5, 2019 [75] N/A
May 11, 2019The Rolling StonesTBA No Filter Tour

Other events

The stadium was used for midget car racing in the 1940s. [76]

The stadium held its first country music festival in June 1981, named A Day in the Country The event was produced by Richard Flanzer of AtlanticPacific Music.

The stadium hosted the 2007 Drum Corps International World Championships August 7 through August 11, 2007. The Rose Bowl was the final stadium to host the championship before DCI moved their corporate offices to Indianapolis with the championships being held at Lucas Oil Stadium until at least 2028. This was the first (and only) time the DCI championships had ever been held west of Denver, Colorado in the 45-year history of DCI.

It hosted auditions for the top American television show, American Idol , on August 8, 2006. The stadium has also been used as part of the music video shoot for the song "The Last Song", the second single released by the American rock band The All-American Rejects, which features the band performing the song in the middle of the stadium to an empty crowd.

The stadium's Court of Champions was the site of a "Roadblock" from season 17 of the CBS reality TV show The Amazing Race where teams had to help decorate three sections of the theme float for the 2011 New Year's Day Rose Parade.

In November 1997, the International Churches of Christ (Los Angeles) gathered at the Rose Bowl for their Worship Service, with an attendance of 17,000. [77]

Present status

Large card stunt performed at the 2004 Rose Bowl Game viewed from the Southeast corner CardStunt-010104-RoseBowl.jpg
Large card stunt performed at the 2004 Rose Bowl Game viewed from the Southeast corner

The Rose Bowl and adjacent golf course are managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the City of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board. The Rose Bowl stadium itself runs on a yearly operational loss. [79] While it generates funds with the annual lease with UCLA ($1.5 million), the Tournament of Roses ($900,000), and a regularly hosted flea market ($900,000), it makes up the loss by relying on funds generated by the adjacent city-owned golf course ($2 million). [79] While the stadium is able to keep operating in this financial set-up, it is unable to finance many of the capital improvements it needs to be considered a modern facility, including new seats, wider aisles, additional exits, a wider concourse, a renovated press box, a state-of-the-art video scoreboard, new field lighting, additional suites and a club. The estimated cost for such improvements ranges from $250 million and $300 million. [79]

The stadium currently has long-term leases with its two major tenants, the Pasadena Tournament of Roses (2019) and UCLA (2023). In 2006, the Rose Bowl and the City of Pasadena launched a $16.3 million capital improvement program that will benefit both UCLA and the Tournament of Roses. New locker rooms for both UCLA and visiting teams, as well as a new media interview area were constructed. [17]

In April 2009, The Rose Bowl Operating Company unveiled a Rose Bowl Strategic Plan, which addressed the objectives to improve public safety; enhance fan experience; maintain national historic landmark status; develop revenue sources to fund long-term improvements; and enhance facility operations. On October 11, 2010, the Pasadena City Council approved a $152 million financing plan for the major renovation of the stadium. Groundbreaking ceremonies for the first of three phases of the project was held on January 25, 2011. The newly constructed video board was used for the June 25, 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Final.

NFL

Since losing both its local teams in the Los Angeles market in 1995, the National Football League had been looking to either start or relocate a franchise to the Los Angeles area. One of the strong candidates was a renovated Rose Bowl. However, after many years of varying offers, no deal could be struck between the NFL owners, the stadium's owner, and the City of Pasadena, following a vote of disapproval by its residents in November 2006. [79]

On November 19, 2012, Pasadena officials approved a proposal which could allow an NFL team to temporarily play in the Rose Bowl. [80] [81] The Rose Bowl, however, has not acted as a home field for an NFL team. When the Los Angeles Rams moved from St. Louis prior to the 2016 NFL season, the Rose Bowl was considered as a temporary home before the Rams ultimately settled on playing in USC's Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the Rams' home from 1946 to 1979.

Seating and attendance records

See also

Notes

Related Research Articles

1994 FIFA World Cup 1994 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1994 FIFA World Cup was the 15th FIFA World Cup, held in nine cities across the United States from 17 June to 17 July 1994. The United States was chosen as the host by FIFA on 4 July 1988. Despite the host nation's lack of soccer tradition, the tournament was the most financially successful in World Cup history; aided by the high-capacity stadiums in the United States, it broke the World Cup average attendance record with more than 69,000 spectators per game, a mark that still stands. The total attendance of nearly 3.6 million for the final tournament remains the highest in World Cup history, despite the expansion of the competition from 24 to 32 teams, which was first introduced at the 1998 World Cup and is the current format.

1999 FIFA Womens World Cup 1999 edition of the FIFA Womens World Cup

The 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, the third edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup, was held in the United States and won by the host team. The final between the U.S. and China, held on 10 July at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California, was the most-attended women's sports event in history with an official attendance of 90,185. U.S. President Bill Clinton was among those in attendance. The final was scoreless after extra time and won by the U.S. in a penalty shootout. This remains the only Women's World Cup tournament in which the host nation has won.

Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum stadium in Los Angeles, California, USA

The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is an American outdoor sports stadium located in the Exposition Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States. The stadium serves as the home to the University of Southern California (USC) Trojans football team of the Pac-12 Conference. It is also the temporary home of the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League (NFL). The Coliseum was home to the Rams from 1946 to 1979, when they moved to Anaheim Stadium in Anaheim. The Coliseum is serving as their home stadium again until the completion of Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park in Inglewood. The facility had a permanent seating capacity of 93,607 for USC football and Rams games, making it the largest football stadium in the Pac-12 Conference and the NFL. USC, which operates and manages the Coliseum, began a major renovation of the stadium in early 2018. During the renovation project the seating capacity will be 78,467. Once USC completes the renovation in 2019, the seating capacity will be 77,500.

Alamodome multi-purpose domed stadium in San Antonio, Texas

The Alamodome is a 64,000-seat multi-purpose stadium in San Antonio, Texas. It is located on the southeastern fringe of downtown San Antonio. The facility opened on May 15, 1993, having been constructed at a cost of $186 million.

1991 CONCACAF Gold Cup The first edition of the Gold Cup

The 1991 CONCACAF Gold Cup was the first edition of the Gold Cup, the football (soccer) championship of North America, Central America and the Caribbean (CONCACAF), and the eleventh overall CONCACAF tournament. The last time the CONCACAF Championship was held was 1971, from that point on the first-place finishers of World Cup qualifying were considered continental champions.

Estadio Universitario (UANL) football (soccer) stadium at the UANL campus, Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico

The Estadio Universitario – nicknamed El Volcán is a football stadium located on the campus of the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León in San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León, Mexico.

Stanford Stadium stadium

Stanford Stadium is an outdoor athletic stadium in Stanford, California, on the campus of Stanford University. It is the home of the Stanford Cardinal college football team as well as the site of the university's commencement exercises. It opened in 1921 as a football and track stadium, an earthen horseshoe with wooden bleacher seating and flooring upon a steel frame. Its original seating capacity was 60,000, which grew to 89,000 by 1927 as a nearly enclosed bowl. Immediately following the 2005 season, the stadium was demolished and rebuilt as a dual-deck concrete structure, without a track. Today, it seats 50,424.

Football at the 1984 Summer Olympics 1984 edition of the association football torunament during the Olympic Summer Games

The association football tournament at the 1984 Summer Olympics started on July 29 and ended on August 11. It was the first Olympic football competition in which professionals were allowed. Until then, the amateur-only rule had heavily favored socialist countries from Eastern Europe whose players were professionals in all but name. However, as agreed with FIFA to preserve the primacy of the World Cup, the Olympic competition was restricted to players with no more than five "A" caps at tournament start, regardless of age.

MLS Cup 1998

MLS Cup 1998 was the final playoff match of the 1998 Major League Soccer season, the 3rd season of first-division professional soccer in the United States since the collapse of the original North American Soccer League.

UCLA–USC rivalry

The UCLA–USC rivalry refers to the American collegiate athletics rivalry between the UCLA Bruins sports teams of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and USC Trojans sports teams of the University of Southern California (USC).

Sports in California

California currently has 19 major professional sports franchises, far more than any other US state. The San Francisco Bay Area has seven major league teams spread amongst three cities: San Francisco, Oakland and San Jose. The Greater Los Angeles Area has ten major league teams. San Diego and Sacramento each have one major league team.

Sports in Los Angeles sports in Los Angeles


The Los Angeles metropolitan area is home to several professional and collegiate sports teams. The Greater Los Angeles Area has eleven major league professional teams: the Anaheim Ducks, the Los Angeles Angels, the Los Angeles Chargers, the Los Angeles Clippers, the Los Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles FC, LA Galaxy, the Los Angeles Kings, the Los Angeles Lakers, Los Angeles Sparks, and the Los Angeles Rams. USC Trojans football, UCLA Bruins men's basketball, USC Trojans baseball, USC Trojans track & field, and Cal State Fullerton Titans baseball are all historically premier organizations in college sports. Other major sports teams include UCLA Bruins Football, Pepperdine Waves baseball, and formerly the Los Angeles Raiders and Los Angeles Aztecs. Between them, these Los Angeles area sports teams have won a combined 105 Championship Titles. Los Angeles area colleges have produced upwards of 200 National Championship Teams, primarily from USC Trojans and UCLA Bruins of the Pac-12 Conference. The 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics were held in Los Angeles. In 2028 the city will host the Olympics for a third time.

The 1973 Rose Bowl was a college football bowl game played on January 1 in Pasadena, California. It was the 59th Rose Bowl Game, and matched the USC Trojans of the Pacific-8 Conference with the Ohio State Buckeyes of the Big Ten Conference.

Venues of the 1984 Summer Olympics

For the 1984 Summer Olympics, a total of thirty-one sports venues were used. Two venues from the 1932 Summer Olympics, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and the Rose Bowl, were used for these Games. Between the 1932 and the 1984 Summer Olympics, the expansion of professional sports teams assisted in the growth of the facilities that would be used for the 1984 events. Only two new permanent venues were constructed, both using corporate sponsorship though neither were mentioned in the official Olympic report. Many of the other venues had temporary adjustments and returned to their normal usage once the 1984 Olympics were completed. Stanford Stadium in Palo Alto and the Rose Bowl later served as venues for the Super Bowl, the FIFA World Cup, and the FIFA Women's World Cup. The velodrome that was constructed for the 1984 Games was demolished in 2003.

2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup

The 2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup was the 12th CONCACAF Gold Cup competition and the 22nd CONCACAF regional championship overall in CONCACAF's fifty years of existence. The United States was the host nation.

FNB Stadium stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa

First National Bank Stadium or simply FNB Stadium, also known as Soccer City and The Calabash, is a stadium located in Nasrec, bordering the Soweto area of Johannesburg, South Africa. The venue is managed by Stadium Management South Africa (SMSA) and is a home of Kaizer Chiefs F.C. in the South African Premier Soccer League as well as key fixtures for the South African national football team.

2018 UCLA Bruins football team

The 2018 UCLA Bruins football team represented the University of California, Los Angeles in the 2018 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Bruins were led by first-year head coach Chip Kelly and played their home games at the Rose Bowl. UCLA was a member of the Pac-12 Conference in the South Division. They began the season 0–4 for the first time since 1971, as well as 0–5 for the first time since 1943, before finally winning their first game, in dominating fashion, against Cal. However, despite failing to improve upon their previous season's output of 6 wins and 7 losses and failing to qualify for a bowl game, the Bruins later defeated the USC Trojans to end a three-game losing streak in their crosstown rivalry. The Bruins finished 3–9 overall, their worst record since 1971. They went 3–6 in Pac-12 play, finishing in fifth place in the South Division.

References

Notes
  1. 1 2 "History". Rose Bowl Stadium. Rose Bowl Stadium. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  2. 1 2 2002 NCAA Records book - Attendance Records Archived 2008-04-09 at the Wayback Machine page 494 (PDF)
  3. "Dirt Moving For Great Stadium". Pasadena Star-News: 13. March 4, 1922.
  4. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  5. Charleton, James H. (October 18, 1984). "The Rose Bowl" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places – Inventory Nomination Form. National Park Service . Retrieved 21 May 2012.
  6. National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  7. 1 2 National Historic Landmarks Program - Rose Bowl Archived 2008-12-08 at the Wayback Machine United States National Park Service
  8. "Famed Rose Bowl to host FC Barcelona v LA Galaxy". FBBARCELONA.COM. FC Barcelona. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  9. "Rose Bowl Stadium". InternationalChampionsCup.com. International Champions Cup. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  10. "Stadium saucer is begun by workmen". Pasadena Star-News: 7. February 28, 1922.
  11. "Vast Stadium Awaits Inaugural Throngs". Los Angeles Times. XLI: II 1. October 8, 1922.
  12. HUGE FLAGSTAFF FOR PASADENA. Enormous Steel Pole 122 and ½ Feet Long Will Stand in Rose Bowl. Los Angeles Times, December 10, 1922. MONDAY afternoon at 2 o'clock the new flagstaff of the Tournament of Roses stadium, now called the Rose Bowl, will be put in place with suitable ceremony under auspices of the Pasadena Lions Club, donor of the pole.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 Dellins, Marc (1989), "The Rose Bowl", 1989 UCLA FOOTBALL MEDIA GUIDE, Los Angeles: UCLA Sports Information Office, p. 254
  14. "Michigan Stadium Story". umich.edu. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  15. University of Michigan Official Athletics site Archived 2008-01-20 at the Wayback Machine – Michigan Stadium
  16. 1 2 3 4 UCLA Football – 2007 UCLA Football (Media Guide). UCLA Athletic Department (2007), page 165 (PDF copy available at www.uclabruins.com)
  17. Rose Bowl Stadium Archived 2009-09-07 at the Wayback Machine – History of the Rose Bowl Stadium
  18. Tournament of Roses Parade FAQs Archived 2007-08-14 at the Wayback Machine . The Rose Bowl Game is a contractual sellout. In 2006, attendance was 93,986.
  19. Historic information on the Rose Bowl Stadium Archived 2009-09-07 at the Wayback Machine
  20. Toby Zwikel, Noah Gold, Brian Robin, Brener Zwikel & Associates, Inc – Pasadena City Council approves $152 million renovation of iconic Rose Bowl City of Pasadena, October 12, 2010
  21. 1 2 3 Piasecki, Joe – Renovation Costs at Rose Bowl now estimated at $170 million. Los Angeles Times, September 23, 2012
  22. Rose Bowl America's Stadium, Los Angeles Times Advertising Supplement, August 29, 2012
  23. Keith Jackson Broadcast Center Archived 2015-11-13 at the Wayback Machine , Rosebowlstadium.com, November 5, 2015
  24. SI's Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century. Sports Illustrated, June 7, 1999 "The Rose Bowl is more a postcard than a stadium, designed to seduce pasty Midwesterners with the California fantasy. How many Big Ten fans tuned in on those wintry New Year's Days to gawk at the blooming bougainvillea and started packing their station wagons at halftime? "
  25. Top 10 College Sports Venues: Number 1 – Rose Bowl Sports Illustrated. Text: Mallory Rubin. July 13, 2007
  26. "Rose Bowl Timeline". Pasadena Tournament of Roses. Archived from the original on 2008-05-22. Retrieved 2007-11-05.
  27. Zimmerman, Paul "Scene of Rose Bowl Shifted to Durham, N.C." Los Angeles Times, December 16, 1941. Perpetuation of the annual Rose Bowl intersectional football, classic was assured yesterday when the Tournament of Roses officials and Oregon State College accepted the hospitality of Duke University.
  28. 1 2 3 NCAA Division 1 football records book. NCAA, 2007 Edition, pages 296-302 Major Bowl Game Attendance
  29. Beth Harris, Vizio to be new Rose Bowl sponsor, AP via BusinessWeek, October 19, 2010
  30. Fornelli, Tom. "Rose Bowl will not bid for 2020 College Football Playoff title game". CBS Sports. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  31. 1 2 Crowe, Jerry – "There goes the neighborhood: How UCLA stadium bid was scuttled." Los Angeles Times, November 16, 2009
  32. Reich, Ken "Stadium for UCLA Given Support – Architect's Study Cites Project as 'Desirable' STADIUM SUPPORT". Los Angeles Times, November 18, 1965. UCLA officials--still reportedly trying to decide whether to recommend the building of a 44,000-seat football stadium on campus--have released details of an architectural feasibility study.
  33. UCLA History Project - This Month in History Aug. 18, 1982 … A gridiron home – includes a photograph of the 1983 Rose Bowl game from an overhead shot
  34. The Discovery of Anti-Matter: The autobiography of Carl David Anderson, The Youngest Man To Win the Nobel Prize . Published 1999 by World Scientific ( ISBN   981-02-3680-8)
  35. 1 2 Clark, N. Brooks – This Week 12.05.83. Sports Illustrated, December 5, 1983
  36. No. 1 Army vs. Navy Athlon Sports
  37. Army Navy Football 1983. Score: Navy 42 – Army 13 | Game played at the Rose Bowl. United States Naval Academy Exhibits
  38. "Rose Bowl, Los Angeles". FIFA.com. FIFA. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  39. "Famed Rose Bowl to host FC Barcelona v LA Galaxy". FCBARCELONA.COM. FC Barcelona. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  40. "1994 FIFA World Cup Final". FIFA.com. 1994-07-17. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  41. "1999 FIFA Womens World Cup Final". FIFA.com. 1999-07-10. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  42. http://www.ca2016.com/matches
  43. http://la24-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/assets/pdf/LA2024-canditature-part2_english.pdf
  44. Suter, Leanne. "Fireworks, Food, Fun found at Rose Bowl's Americafest". ABC 7 Eyewitness News. KABC-TV. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  45. "Rose Bowl General Information". R.G. Canning Attractions. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  46. 1932 Summer Olympics official report. p. 74.
  47. Big Brother in Concert
  48. "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  49. Peace Sunday: We Have a Dream Concert 1982
  50. "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  51. "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  52. "POP REVIEWS : A Reverence for Rock at Weekend Concerts : At Worship With Depeche Mode". latimes. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  53. "POP REVIEW : Rose Bowl Victory : An Easy Cure for Neighbors to Take". latimes. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  54. "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  55. 1 2 "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  56. "Washingtonpost.com: Final Kick Means the World to Brazil". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  57. 1 2 "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  58. "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  59. "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  60. Mancini, Roger (5 April 2000). "Pink Lands 'NSYNC Tour, Plans New Video". MTV News. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  61. "Amusement Business – Boxscore: Top 10 Concert Grosses". Billboard. New York. 113 (33): 14. 18 August 2001. ISSN   0006-2510 . Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  62. 1 2 3 "Billboard". google.pl. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  63. "Billboard Boxscore (Subscriber's only)". Billboard Magazine. New York City. 2009-07-18. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
  64. "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. New York. October 2, 2013. ISSN   0006-2510. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
  65. Peters, Mitchell (May 15, 2016). "Beyoncé Draws All-Star Crowd to Rose Bowl Concert in Los Angeles". Billboard. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  66. Angeles, Peach (August 22, 2016). "Coldplay's 'A Head Full of Dreams' Concert Wows Crowd In LA & Filipino Viewers From Globe's Livestream". International Business Times . Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  67. "Rose Bowl – Saturday, September 16th". Green Day Official Blog. January 30, 2017. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  68. Brown, August (2017-09-17). "At the Rose Bowl, Green Day turns to the personal over the political". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved 2017-09-18.
  69. Frankel, Jillian (March 16, 2017). "Coldplay Adds Three New 2017 Tour Dates". Billboard . Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  70. Kreps, Daniel (7 October 2017). "See Coldplay, James Corden Sing Tom Petty's Free Fallin' at Rose Bowl". Rolling Stone . Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  71. Stubblebine, Allison (November 13, 2017). "Taylor Swift Announces First Round of Reputation Stadium Tour Dates". Billboard . Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  72. Rolli, Bryan (September 22, 2017). "Ed Sheeran Announces 2018 North American Stadium Tour Dates". Billboard . Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  73. Yoo, Noah (February 19, 2019). "BTS Announce World Tour". Pitchfork . Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  74. Herman, Tamar (March 2, 2019). "BTS Add Second 'Love Yourself: Speak Yourself' Stadium Shows in Europe, U.S. After First Dates Sell Out". Billboard . Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  75. "The Speedways". URA Third Annual Midget Auto Racing Year Book. Pacific Coast Speedway News: 49. 1946.
  76. "Kipmckean.com – Get Your Answers Here!". Kip McKean. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  77. 2004 Rose Bowl - World's Largest American Flag. YouTube. 15 May 2007. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  78. 1 2 3 4 Greg Johnson, $300-million fixer-upper, Los Angeles Times, January 1, 2007.
  79. "Pasadena OKs plan that may bring NFL team to the Rose Bowl". Pasadena Sun. 2012-11-20. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
  80. "Temporary Use of the Rose Bowl Stadium by the National Football League". City of Pasadena. 2012-11-09. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
  81. Palladino, Lisa – OBITUARIES: Cliff Montgomery ’34, Rose Bowl Quarterback Archived 2007-09-03 at the Wayback Machine . Columbia College Today, July 2005
  82. Showdown in Motown Archived 2007-07-01 at the Wayback Machine by Gil Brant, Feb. 2, 2006
  83. Tom Weir – Cardinals deep-six 49ers in historic tilt in Mexico. October 3, 2005, USA Today. Total attendance for record reguklar season game in Mexico City Azteca Stadium is 103,467 breaking the record of 102,368 who saw the Rams play the 49ers on Nov. 10, 1957, at the Los Angeles Coliseum.
  84. Tom Weir – Mexico gets ready for football, not futbol. September 25, 2005, USA Today. quote:A 1994 Houston-Dallas exhibition drew a still-standing NFL record 112,376 to Estadio Azteca
  85. 2000 Olympic Games Football
  86. 1 2 3 UCLA Football – 2007 UCLA Football (Media Guide). UCLA Athletic Department (2007), page 149 (PDF copy available at www.uclabruins.com). Note that the UCLA Bruins have played in six Rose Bowl games with larger crowds: 1956, 1976, 1983, 1984, 1986 and 1994.
  87. USC 2012 Football Media Guide
  88. FC Barcelona tops Galaxy in front of 93,137 at Rose Bowl Archived 2009-08-11 at the Wayback Machine
  89. Steve Ramirez, "Manchester United routs L.A. Galaxy 7-0 at Pasadena's Rose Bowl", Pasadena Star-News, July 23, 2014.
  90. Rose Bowl Stadium Renames Press Box Terry Donahue Pavilion Archived 2012-11-19 at the Wayback Machine , UCLABruins.com, November 17, 2012
  91. David Zahniser, Mariachi Guinness World Record broken at Rose Bowl, Los Angeles Times, July 7, 2013

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Rose Bowl at Wikimedia Commons

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Tournament Park
Wallace Wade Stadium
Site of the
Rose Bowl Game

1923 1941
1943 present
Succeeded by
Wallace Wade Stadium
Current
Preceded by
first stadium
Home of the
Los Angeles Galaxy

1996 2002
Succeeded by
Home Depot Center
Preceded by
RFK Stadium
Host of the
MLS Cup

1998
Succeeded by
Foxboro Stadium
Preceded by
Orange Bowl
Orange Bowl
Pontiac Silverdome
Louisiana Superdome
Metrodome
Host of the Super Bowl
XI 1977
XIV 1980
XVII 1983
XXI 1987
XXVII 1993
Succeeded by
Louisiana Superdome
Louisiana Superdome
Tampa Stadium
Jack Murphy Stadium
Georgia Dome
Preceded by
Lenin Stadium
Moscow
Summer Olympics
Football Men's Finals (Rose Bowl)

1984
Succeeded by
Olympic Stadium
Seoul
Preceded by
Stadio Olimpico
Rome
FIFA World Cup
Final Venue

1994
Succeeded by
Stade de France
Paris
Preceded by
Råsunda Stadium
Stockholm
FIFA Women's World Cup
Final venue

1999
Succeeded by
Home Depot Center
Carson
Preceded by
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Final Venue

2002
Succeeded by
Estadio Azteca
Mexico City
Preceded by
Giants Stadium
East Rutherford
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Final Venue

2011
Succeeded by
Soldier Field
Chicago
Preceded by
Camp Randall Stadium
Host of the Drum Corps International World Championship
2007
Succeeded by
Memorial Stadium, Bloomington
Preceded by
Pro Player Stadium
Pro Player Stadium
Dolphin Stadium
Sun Life Stadium
Host of the BCS National Championship Game
2002
2006
2010
2014
Succeeded by
Sun Devil Stadium
University of Phoenix Stadium
University of Phoenix Stadium
last stadium