Rose Bowl (stadium)

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Rose Bowl
America's Stadium
Rose Bowl (stadium) logo.svg
2018.06.17 Over the Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA USA 0039 (42855669451) (cropped).jpg
Aerial view from south in 2018
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Rose Bowl
Location in L.A. metro area
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Rose Bowl
Location in California
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Rose Bowl
Location in the United States
Address1001 Rose Bowl Drive
Location Pasadena, California, U.S.
Coordinates 34°09′40″N118°10′05″W / 34.161°N 118.168°W / 34.161; -118.168 Coordinates: 34°09′40″N118°10′05″W / 34.161°N 118.168°W / 34.161; -118.168
Public transit LAMetroLogo.svg   LACMTA Circle L Line.svg  
Memorial Park
Del Mar
(Via ARTS Bus Line)
OwnerCity of Pasadena
OperatorRose Bowl Operating Company
Capacity 92,542 [1]
Record attendance106,869 [2]
(1973 Rose Bowl)
SurfaceGrass
Construction
Broke ground1922 [3]
OpenedOctober 28, 1922
first Rose Bowl game:
January 1, 1923
Construction cost $272,198
($4.21 million in 2020 [4] )
Architect Myron Hunt [5]
Tenants
Rose Bowl Game (NCAA) 1923–present
Caltech Beavers (NCAA) 1923–1976
Loyola Lions (NCAA) 1951
CSULA Diablos 1957–1960, 1963–1969
Los Angeles Wolves (NASL) 1968
Pasadena Bowl 1946–1966, 1969–1971
Los Angeles Aztecs (NASL) 1978–1979
UCLA Bruins (NCAA) 1982–present
Los Angeles Galaxy (MLS) 1996–2002
The Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl, panorama.jpg
Panorama in October 2004, hosting Arizona
NRHP reference No. 87000755 [6]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPFebruary 27, 1987
Designated NHLFebruary 27, 1987 [7]

The Rose Bowl is an American outdoor athletic stadium, located in the Los Angeles suburb of Pasadena, California. Opened in October 1922, the stadium is recognized as a National Historic Landmark and a California Historic Civil Engineering landmark. [7] At a modern capacity of an all-seated configuration at 92,542, [1] the Rose Bowl is the 16th-largest stadium in the world, the 11th-largest stadium in the United States, and the 10th largest NCAA stadium. The stadium is 10 miles northeast of downtown Los Angeles.

Contents

One of the most famous venues in sporting history, [8] the Rose Bowl is best known as a college football venue, specifically as the host of the annual Rose Bowl Game for which it is named. Since 1982, it has served as the home stadium of the UCLA Bruins football team. Five Super Bowl games, third most of any venue, have been played in the stadium. The Rose Bowl is a noted soccer venue, having hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final, 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, and the 1984 Olympic Soccer Gold Medal Match, as well as numerous CONCACAF and United States Soccer Federation matches. [9]

The stadium and adjacent Brookside Golf and Country Club are owned by the city of Pasadena and managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the city of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board.

History

Design and construction

Construction in 1921; note the original horseshoe shape RoseBowl-construction1921.jpg
Construction in 1921; note the original horseshoe shape

The game now known as the Rose Bowl Game was played at Tournament Park though January 1922, about 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast, adjacent to the campus of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). The Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association, the game's organizer, realized the temporary stands were inadequate for a crowd of more than 40,000, and sought to build a better, permanent stadium.

The stadium was designed by architect Myron Hunt in 1921. His design was influenced by the Yale Bowl in New Haven, Connecticut, which opened in 1914. The Arroyo Seco was selected as the location for the stadium. The Rose Bowl was under construction from Feb. 27, 1922 to October 1922. [10] [11] The nearby Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum also was under construction during this time and would be completed in May 1923, shortly after the Rose Bowl was completed. Originally built as a horseshoe, the stadium was expanded several times. The southern stands were completed in 1928, enclosing the stadium into a complete bowl.

The field's alignment is nearly north–south, offset slightly northwest, and the elevation at street level is approximately 830 feet (255 m) above sea level.

The stadium's name was alternatively "Tournament of Roses Stadium" or "Tournament of Roses Bowl", until being settled as "Rose Bowl" before the 1923 Rose Bowl game, [12] in reference to the unusually named (at the time) Yale Bowl.

The stadium can be very difficult to access due to the traffic caused by single-lane residential street access. It has no dedicated parking lot for visitors and parking issues have routinely caused visitors to spend two to three hours completing the last mile to the stadium on game days. In 2016, Rose Bowl contracted ParkJockey to streamline parking in and around the stadium. When constructed, the majority of visitors arrived to the bowl via the Pacific Electric interurban streetcar system; however, this service ended in 1958.

There are also shuttles to help visitors get to the stadium and mobile lights powered by generators to provide visibility for people walking on the golf course at night.

Dedication

The first game was a regular season contest in 1922, when California defeated USC 12–0 on October 28. This was the only loss for USC and Cal finished the season undefeated. California declined the invitation to the 1923 Rose Bowl game and USC went instead. The stadium was dedicated officially on January 1, 1923, when USC defeated Penn State 14–3.

Seating

The stadium seating has been reconfigured several times since its construction in 1922. The South end was filled in to complete the bowl and more seats have been added. The original wooden benches were replaced by aluminum benches in 1969. All new grandstand and loge seats had been installed since 1971. [13] New red seat backs had been added on 22,000 seats prior to the 1980 Rose Bowl. [13] A Rose Bowl improvement was conducted because of UCLA's 1982 move and the 1984 Summer Olympics. This resulted in new seat backs for 50,000 seats. [13]

For many years, the Rose Bowl had the largest football stadium capacity in the United States, eventually being surpassed by Michigan Stadium (107,601). [14] [15] The Rose Bowl's maximum stated seating capacity was 104,091 from 1972 to 1997. [13] Some of the seats closest to the field were never used during this time for UCLA regular season games, and were covered by tarps. Official capacity was lowered following the 1998 Rose Bowl. Slightly different figures are given for the current capacity, for the lower-level seats behind the team benches are not used for some events since the spectators can not see through the standing players or others on the field. UCLA reports the capacity at 91,136. [16] The Tournament of Roses reports the capacity at 92,542. [17] The 2006 Rose Bowl game, which was also the BCS championship game, had a crowd of 93,986. [18] In the 2011 contest between TCU and Wisconsin, the listed attendance is 94,118. As of 2008, the Rose Bowl is the 11th largest football stadium, and is still the largest stadium that hosts post-season bowl games. [19] For concerts held there, the Rose Bowl holds almost 60,000 people. The stadium's 2014 remodeling removed the lower "lettered row" seats on each side behind the players' benches and provided access in and out of the stadium for the lower sections of the Rose Bowl, restoring its original design.

Renovations

Exterior of the Rose Bowl stadium 2008-1226-Pasadena-008-RoseBowl.jpg
Exterior of the Rose Bowl stadium

The press box was updated before the 1962 Rose Bowl with an elevator and two rows. The cost was $356,000. The Press Box was refurbished for UCLA's move in 1982 and the 1984 Summer Olympics. [13] In 2011 and 2012, the press box was undergoing renovation as part of the larger renovation originally budgeted at $152 million in 2010. [20] Costs had increased to $170 million during construction. [21] Work proceeded during the 2011 football season, and was expected to be completed before the UCLA Bruins' first home game in 2012. [21] Some unforeseen problems had been encountered due to the stadium's age and some renovations done in the early 1990s. [21] Most of the planned renovations were completed in 2013. Because of the increased construction cost, items deferred for the future are additional new restrooms, the historic field hedge, new entry-gate structures, ribbon boards & additional new concession stands. The stadium has started "The Brick Campaign" to help pay for some of the cost of the renovations. [22] The Brick Campaign, completed in 2014, features a large logo of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses and the donor bricks arranged by universities in front of the south main entrance to the stadium. A large 30 feet (9.1 m) tall by 77 feet (23 m) wide LED video display board was added to the north end of the stadium as a part of the renovation.

Court of Champions

The Court of Champions is at the stadium's south end. Rose Bowl game records along with the names of the coaches and the MVP players, are shown on the plaques attached to the exterior wall. The Hall of Fame statue is also at the Court of Champions. The 2014 renovation allows more plaques to be placed on the wall and floor for future games. In 2019, Brandi Chastain's statue was added. The statue portrays Brandi in her celebration of her winning penalty kick in the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup final, where she exposed her sports bra after removing her jersey. [23] The image of her celebration was described in The New York Times as "most iconic photograph ever taken of a female athlete", [24] and it has been considered one of the more famous photographs of a woman celebrating an athletic victory. [25] [26]

Terry Donahue Pavilion

The seven-story Terry Donahue Pavilion is named for the former UCLA football head coach, who is the most successful coach in UCLA and Pac-12 history. It houses the press boxes, broadcast booths, premium seating, boxes and suites. There are 54 luxury suites, 48 loge boxes, 1,200 club seats, state-of-the-art press boxes and a new broadcast center. The previous press box was replaced by a new self-contained media area capable of accommodating 318 credentialed working press facility along with a separate level dedicated to game day operations, including TV and radio broadcasting, instant replay booths, coaching staffs and an emergency command center. [27] The radio and TV booths were renamed "The Keith Jackson Broadcast Center" in December 2015. Jackson, the former ABC-TV sportscaster, coined the phrase "The Granddaddy of Them All" for the Rose Bowl game. [28]

Venue rankings

In 1999, Sports Illustrated listed the Rose Bowl at number 20 in the Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century. [29] In 2007, Sports Illustrated named the Rose Bowl the number one venue in college sports. [30]

Football

Rose Bowl Game

The Rose Bowl stadium is best known in the U.S. for its hosting of the Rose Bowl, a postseason college football game. The game is played after the Tournament of Roses Parade on New Year's Day, or, if January 1 is a Sunday, on the following Monday January 2. The stadium's name has given rise to the term "bowl game" for postseason football games, regardless of whether they are played in a bowl-shaped or "Bowl"-named stadium. The Rose Bowl Game is commonly referred to as "The Granddaddy of Them All" because of its stature as the oldest of all the bowl games. The visual of the afternoon sun setting on the San Gabriel Mountains on New Year's Day is recognized as an important part of the tradition of the game. [31] [32] [33] Since 1945, the Rose Bowl has been the highest attended college football bowl game. [34]

Since its opening, the Rose Bowl stadium has hosted the bowl game every year except in 1942 and 2021. The 1942 Rose Bowl was moved to Durham, North Carolina, at the campus of Duke University. Duke, which played in the game on January 1, volunteered to host the contest because of security concerns on the West Coast in the weeks following the attack on Pearl Harbor. [35] [36] The 2021 Rose Bowl was played at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas due to capacity restrictions in place in California due to the COVID-19 Pandemic.

BCS National Championship

Texas and Alabama in January 2010 2010 BCS Champ.jpg
Texas and Alabama in January 2010
Florida State and Auburn in January 2014 2014 BCS Championship.JPG
Florida State and Auburn in January 2014

Starting with the 1998 season, the Rose Bowl became part of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS). The 2002 and 2006 games also were the BCS Championship games, matching the #1 and #2 BCS teams in the nation. The 2010 BCS National Championship Game was played six days after the Rose Bowl game as a completely separate event from the Tournament of Roses, though it managed the event. The stadium hosted the 2014 BCS National Championship Game, the final game before the BCS was replaced by the current College Football Playoff, when it celebrated its 100th anniversary of the Rose Bowl game. [37]

SeasonGameDateVisiting teamPointsHome teamPointsSpectators
2001 2002 January 3 Nebraska 14 Miami 3793,781
2005 2006 January 4 Texas 41 USC*3893,986
2009 2010 January 7 Texas 21 Alabama 3794,906
2013   2014  January 6 Auburn 31 Florida State 3494,208

Note: *USC later vacated all wins during the season.

College Football Playoff semifinals

The Rose Bowl Game is one of the six primary bowls of the College Football Playoff (CFP), which replaced the BCS effective with the 2014 season. Every three years, the Rose Bowl will match two of the top four teams selected by the system's selection committee to compete for a spot at the national championship game. The first CFP semifinal game at the Rose Bowl was the 2015 Rose Bowl, whose winner advanced to the championship game on January 12 at AT&T Stadium in Texas.

SeasonRose BowlDateVisiting teamPointsHome teamPointsSpectators
2014 2015 January 1#3 Florida State 20#2 Oregon 5991,322
2017 2018 January 1#3 Georgia 54#2 Oklahoma 4892,844

Though the Rose Bowl is eligible to bid on hosting the College Football Playoff Championship Game in years it is not hosting a semifinal, it has no plans to do so. [38]

UCLA Bruins football

Previous edition of Rose Bowl records at Hall of Champions UCLA Rose Bowl record.jpg
Previous edition of Rose Bowl records at Hall of Champions
UCLA-USC football game at the Rose Bowl; the 2008 edition marked a return to the tradition of both teams wearing home jerseys 2008-1206-USC-UCLA-009-RB-redblue.JPG
UCLA–USC football game at the Rose Bowl; the 2008 edition marked a return to the tradition of both teams wearing home jerseys

The Rose Bowl stadium has been the home football field for UCLA since 1982. [16] The UCLA Bruins had played their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum since 1928. There was an attempt to build a 44,000-seat stadium on campus, at the site where Drake Stadium eventually was built. However, the proposal was blocked by influential area residents, as well as some politicians. [39] [40]

At the start of the 1982 NFL season, with the Oakland Raiders scheduled to move into the Coliseum, UCLA decided to relocate its home games to the Rose Bowl Stadium. [41] The Bruins went on to play two straight Rose Bowl games in their new home stadium, the 1983 Rose Bowl and the 1984 Rose Bowl. UCLA has participated in five Rose Bowl games since moving to the stadium. The stadium is the host of the UCLA–USC rivalry football game on even numbered years, alternating with the Coliseum. In the first rivalry game at the stadium between UCLA and USC in 1982, USC fans sat on the west side of the stadium and UCLA fans sat on the east side of the stadium, mirroring an arrangement that existed when the teams shared the Coliseum. Both teams also wore their home uniforms. In 1984, USC fans were moved to the end zone seats, which ended the tradition of shared stadium. Because of the shared arrangement, and the participation of USC in a number of Rose Bowl games, both schools have winning records in each other's home stadium. The Bruins travel 26 miles from campus to Pasadena to play home games, but only 14 miles to their biggest road game at USC every other year. [39]

Caltech Beavers football

Caltech, a university located in Pasadena, played most home games in the Rose Bowl from the time of its construction until the school dropped football in 1993. Caltech jovially claimed to play before the greatest number of empty seats in the nation. [42]

Junior Rose Bowl

The stadium hosted the Junior Rose Bowl from 1946 to 1971 and 1976 to 1977. Between 1946 and 1966 and 1976 and 1977, the game pitted the California Junior College football champions against the NJCAA football champions for the national championship. It was organized by the Pasadena Junior Chamber of Commerce. The Junior Rose Bowl became the Pasadena Bowl from 1967 to 1971; it was billed as the Junior Rose Bowl the first two years, but instead two teams from the NCAA College Division competed (then later the University Division, usually featuring teams that were not invited to other major bowls).

1983 Army–Navy game

The Rose Bowl stadium is the only site west of the Mississippi River to host an Army–Navy Game (1983). The city of Pasadena paid for the traveling expenses of all the students and supporters of both the U.S. Naval Academy and U.S. Military Academy. [43] The attendance was 81,000. [44] [45] The game was brought to the Rose Bowl as there are a large number of military installations and servicemen and women, along with many retired military personnel, on the West Coast. [43] The game has been held in multiple locations, but outside the 1926 game in Chicago and this 1983 game, it has been played in the Northeast megalopolis, most frequently in Philadelphia, followed by the New York area and the Baltimore–Washington area.

Super Bowl

The stadium has hosted the Super Bowl five times. The first was Super Bowl XI in January 1977, when the Oakland Raiders beat the Minnesota Vikings 3214. The game was also played there in 1980 (XIV), 1983 (XVII), 1987 (XXI) and 1993 (XXVII). The Rose Bowl is one of two venues (with Stanford Stadium) to host a Super Bowl though having never served as the full-time home stadium for an NFL or AFL team (Stanford Stadium hosted one San Francisco 49ers game after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake).

SeasonDateSuper BowlVisiting teamPointsHome teamPointsSpectators
1976 January 9, 1977 XI Oakland Raiders 32 Minnesota Vikings 14103,438
1979 January 20, 1980 XIV Los Angeles Rams 19 Pittsburgh Steelers 31103,985
1982 January 30, 1983 XVII Miami Dolphins 17 Washington Redskins 27103,667
1986 January 25, 1987 XXI Denver Broncos 20 New York Giants 39101,063
1992 January 31, 1993 XXVII Buffalo Bills 17 Dallas Cowboys 52  98,374

Because the NFL has a policy limiting the hosting of a Super Bowl to metropolitan areas with NFL teams, the Super Bowl has not been played at the Rose Bowl since the Rams and Raiders departed the Los Angeles area in 1995. The most recent Super Bowl held in Southern California was XXXVII in San Diego in January 2003. The next L.A.-based Super Bowl (LVI) is scheduled for February 2022 at the Rams' and Chargers' SoFi Stadium in Inglewood (the Rams returned to Los Angeles in 2016, the Chargers the following year).

Although proposed, no NFL team has called the Rose Bowl a regular season home. After losing both its local teams in the Los Angeles market in 1995, the National Football League began looking to either start or relocate a franchise to the Los Angeles area. The closest the Rose Bowl came to being the home of an NFL team was in 1996 when the Seattle Seahawks announced a relocation to Los Angeles with the Rose Bowl as their planned stadium but the move was blocked by the NFL. [46] After many years of varying offers, no deal could be struck between the NFL owners, the stadium's owner, and the City of Pasadena, following a vote of disapproval by its residents in November 2006. [47]

On November 19, 2012, Pasadena officials approved a proposal which could have allowed an NFL team to temporarily play in the Rose Bowl. [48] [49] The Rose Bowl, however, never ended up acting as a home field for an NFL team. When the Los Angeles Rams moved from St. Louis prior to the 2016 NFL season, the Rose Bowl was considered as a temporary home before the Rams ultimately settled on playing in USC's Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the Rams' home from 1946 to 1979. The Los Angeles Chargers went to Dignity Health Sports Park as their temporary venue in 2017.

Soccer

Though best known as an American football stadium, the Rose Bowl is also one of the most decorated soccer (association football) venues in the world. The stadium hosted the prestigious 1994 FIFA World Cup Final (an event watched by over 700 million people worldwide), the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final (the most attended women's soccer match in history), and the 1984 Olympic Gold Medal Match, making it the only venue in the world to host all three of international soccer's major championship matches. [50] The United States men's national soccer team has played 17 games in the Rose Bowl, the fourth most of any venue. It has hosted 5 U.S. women's national team matches. It has also hosted MLS Cup 1998 and the 2002 and 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Finals. Mexico has played a number of friendlies in the stadium against nations other than the United States.

In the past, it was also the home ground of two North American Soccer League clubs, the Los Angeles Wolves in 1968 and the Los Angeles Aztecs in 1978 and 1979. From 1996 through 2002, the stadium was the home ground of Major League Soccer club Los Angeles Galaxy. [51]

Major soccer tournaments

The Rose Bowl is one of two stadiums to have hosted the FIFA World Cup finals for both men and women. The Rose Bowl hosted the men's final in 1994 and the women's final in 1999. (The only other stadium with this honor is the Råsunda Stadium near Stockholm, Sweden, which hosted the men's final in 1958 and the women's final in 1995.) Both Rose Bowl finals were scoreless after double extra time and decided on penalty shootouts; Brazil beating Italy in the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final 32, and the United States beating China in the 1999 women's final 54. [52] [53]

The Rose Bowl also hosted group stage matches of the Copa América Centenario in 2016. [54] It also hosted several matches including the final of the 1984 Olympics men's soccer tournament. On July 27, 2016, the Rose Bowl hosted a 2016 International Champions Cup match between Chelsea and Liverpool. Chelsea won the match 1–0. The Rose Bowl also hosted a 2018 International Champions Cup match between F.C. Barcelona and Tottenham Hotspur where Barcelona won 5–3 in penalty kicks after a 2–2 draw. It has also regularly featured CONCACAF Gold Cup matches including two finals.

The Rose Bowl is a candidate to host matches in the 2026 FIFA World Cup, and will be a venue in the 2028 Summer Olympics. [55]

1994 FIFA World Cup

DateTime (UTC−8)Team #1Res.Team #2RoundAttendance
1994-06-1816:30Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 1–3Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Group A 91,856
1994-06-1916:30Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 2–2Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Group B 93,194
1994-06-2216:30Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2–1Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Group A 93,469
1994-06-2616:30Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0–1Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Group A 93,869
1994-07-0313:30Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 3–2Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Round of 16 90,469
1994-07-1316:30Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1–0Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Semi-final 91,856
1994-07-1612:30Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 4–0Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 3rd place match 91,500
1994-07-1712:30Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0–0 (3–2 on pen.)Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Final 94,194

1999 FIFA Women's World Cup

DateTime (UTC−8)Team #1Res.Team #2RoundAttendance
1999-06-2016:00Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1 – 1Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Group B 17,100
1999-06-2018:30Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 1 – 2Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Group A 17,100
1999-07-1010:15Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 0 – 0 (4 – 5 on pen.)Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3rd place match 90,185
1999-07-1012:30Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0 – 0 (5 – 4 on pen.)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR Final 90,185

Other events and usage

Pasadena events

4th of July Fireworks over the Rose Bowl Fireworks over the Rose Bowl 20140704.jpg
4th of July Fireworks over the Rose Bowl

The Rose Bowl has hosted the Pasadena "Americafest" Independence Day celebration annually since 1927. [56] The annual fireworks show is considered one of the top fireworks shows in the nation. Another local event is the Rose Bowl Flea Market held the second Sunday of each month, on the stadium parking lots. Hosted by promoter R.G. Canning, it claims to be the largest Flea market on the West Coast. [57] The stadium host the annual "Turkey Tussle" homecoming football game between John Muir High School and Pasadena High School, in early November. The Rose Bowl hosted its annual graduation ceremonies for Blair High School, John Muir High School and Pasadena High School until 1984, before staging it at the individual schools until 1998. Currently all three high schools along with John Marshall Fundamental Secondary School hold their graduation ceremonies at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium in early June until 2019. On June 4, 2021, the Pasadena Unified School District used the Rose Bowl to hold their high school graduation ceremonies for all four high schools, along with Rose City High School and Center for Independent Studies.

1932 Summer Olympics

The Rose Bowl was the track cycling venue for the 1932 Summer Olympics. [58]

Concerts

DatePerformer(s)Opening act(s)Tour/EventAttendanceNotes
September 15, 1968 [59] Big Brother and the Holding Company N/AN/AN/AN/A
June 6, 1982 [60] [61] N/APeace Sunday: We Have a DreamN/AN/A
July 2, 1982 [62] Journey Blue Öyster Cult
Triumph
Aldo Nova
Escape Tour 83,214N/A
August 1, 1982 [63] N/ABudweiser Superfest 1982N/AN/A
June 18, 1988 [64] Depeche Mode Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark Music for the Masses Tour 60,453The concert was filmed and recorded for the group's documentary-concert film and live album 101 . The show also marked the first ever "waving wheat" arm movement by fans in attendance during "Never Let Me Down Again" live performances.
June 27, 1992 [65] The Cure Cranes
Dinosaur Jr.
Wish Tour35,000The show attracted the lowest attendance for a single concert in the history of the stadium.
October 3, 1992 [66] Metallica & Guns N' Roses Motörhead Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour 68,639Comedian Andrew Dice Clay opened for Guns N' Roses and introduced the band when they came onstage.
January 31, 1993 Michael Jackson N/A Super Bowl XXVII halftime showN/AN/A
July 31, 1993 Juan Gabriel N/AN/AN/ABecomes the first Latin American singer to perform at the Rose Bowl.
April 16, 1994 [67] Pink Floyd N/A The Division Bell Tour 129,060The band became the first ever act to perform two consecutive nights at the stadium.
April 17, 1994 [67]
July 17, 1994 [68] Kenny G
Whitney Houston
N/A 1994 FIFA World Cup closing ceremonyN/AN/A
October 19, 1994 [69] The Rolling Stones Red Hot Chili Peppers
Buddy Guy
Voodoo Lounge Tour 119,140
October 21, 1994 [69]
January 21, 1995 [70] Eagles Sheryl Crow Hell Freezes Over Tour60,000N/A
June 27, 1998 Lilith Fair N/A1998 TourN/AN/A
July 10, 1999 Jennifer Lopez N/A 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup closing ceremonyN/AN/A
July 17, 1999 [71] Lilith Fair N/A1999 TourN/AN/A
June 9, 2000 [72] 'N Sync P!nk No Strings Attached Tour N/AN/A
July 24, 2001 [73] Eden's Crush
Samantha Mumba
PopOdyssey 62,196N/A
June 15, 2002 [74] Various artistsN/A Wango Tango N/AN/A
May 17, 2003 [74]
May 15, 2004 [74]
October 25, 2009 [75] U2 The Black Eyed Peas U2 360° Tour 97,014The concert was streamed on the group's official YouTube channel, and also filmed for the band's concert film U2360° at the Rose Bowl . The show also attracted the highest attendance for a single concert in the history of the stadium.
July 28, 2013 [76] Justin Timberlake
Jay Z
DJ Cassidy Legends of the Summer 63,162N/A
August 2, 2014 Beyoncé
Jay Z
N/A On the Run Tour 96,994N/A
August 3, 2014
August 7, 2014 Eminem
Rihanna
N/A The Monster Tour 110,346N/A
August 8, 2014
September 11, 2014 One Direction 5 Seconds of Summer
Jamie Scott
Where We Are Tour 165,170During the performance on September 13, the band performed a cover of "Happy Birthday" by Mildred J. Hill dedicated to Niall; and also of "I Gotta Feeling" by The Black Eyed Peas, "Beautiful Girls" by Sean Kingston, "Stand by Me" by Ben E. King and "Rock Your Body" by Justin Timberlake, along with a snippet of "I Want". The band also became the first ever act to perform three consecutive nights at the stadium.
September 12, 2014
September 13, 2014
July 25, 2015 Kenny Chesney
Jason Aldean
Brantley Gilbert
Cole Swindell
Old Dominion
The Big Revival Tour
Burn It Down Tour
53,864N/A
May 14, 2016Beyoncé DJ Khaled The Formation World Tour 55,736 Big Sean, Yo Gotti, Ne-Yo, Ty Dolla $ign, Fat Joe, Remy Ma, Trey Songz, and Snoop Dogg joined DJ Khaled during the opening act. Beyoncé become the first female headliner at the stadium. [77]
August 20, 2016 Coldplay Bishop Briggs
Alessia Cara
Stargate
A Head Full of Dreams Tour 120,062The concert was streamed in China and the Philippines. [78]
August 21, 2016Bishop Briggs
Alessia Cara
N/A
May 20, 2017U2 The Lumineers The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 123,164N/A
May 21, 2017N/A
July 29, 2017Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
Gojira
WorldWired Tour 60,509N/A
September 16, 2017 [79] Green Day Catfish and the Bottlemen Revolution Radio Tour 36,912 [80]
October 6, 2017 [81] Coldplay Tove Lo
Alina Baraz
A Head Full of Dreams Tour64,442The proceeds from these shows went towards the relief efforts for the Central Mexico earthquake. [82]
May 18, 2018 [83] Taylor Swift Camila Cabello
Charli XCX
Taylor Swift's reputation Stadium Tour 118,084 Shawn Mendes was the surprise guest. Swift performed "There's Nothing Holdin' Me Back" with Shawn.
May 19, 2018 Troye Sivan and Selena Gomez were the surprise guests. Swift performed "My My My!" with Troye and "Hands To Myself" with Selena.
August 18, 2018 [84] Ed Sheeran Snow Patrol
Anne-Marie
÷ Tour 62,321N/A
September 22, 2018 Beyoncé
Jay Z
Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled On the Run II Tour 106,550N/A
September 23, 2018N/A
May 4, 2019 [85] BTS N/A BTS World Tour Love Yourself: Speak Yourself 113,040Becomes the first South Korean act to perform at The Rose Bowl. [86]
May 5, 2019 [87]
August 22, 2019The Rolling Stones Kaleo No Filter Tour 56,974This concert was originally scheduled to take place on May 11, 2019.
TBA BTS N/A Map of the Soul Tour BTS’ second stadium tour. Originally scheduled to take place on May 2, 3, and 5 of 2020, but was postponed due to the Coronavirus pandemic.
TBAN/A
TBAN/A
TBA Justin Bieber Kehlani
Jaden Smith
Changes Tour Justin Bieber's fourth concert tour. Originally scheduled to take place on May 29, 2020, but was postponed due to the Coronavirus pandemic.

Other events

The stadium was used for midget car racing in the 1940s. [88]

The stadium held its first country music festival in June 1981, named A Day in the Country The event was produced by Richard Flanzer of AtlanticPacific Music.

The stadium hosted the 2007 Drum Corps International World Championships August 7 through August 11, 2007. The Rose Bowl was the final stadium to host the championship before DCI moved their corporate offices to Indianapolis with the championships being held at Lucas Oil Stadium until at least 2028. This was the first (and only) time the DCI championships had ever been held west of Denver, Colorado in the 45-year history of DCI.

It hosted auditions for the top American television show, American Idol , on August 8, 2006. The stadium has also been used as part of the music video shoot for the song "The Last Song", the second single released by the American rock band The All-American Rejects, which features the band performing the song in the middle of the stadium to an empty crowd.

The stadium's Court of Champions was the site of a "Roadblock" from seventeenth season of the CBS reality TV show The Amazing Race where teams had to help decorate three sections of the theme float for the 2011 New Year's Day Rose Parade. [89]

In November 1997, the International Churches of Christ (Los Angeles) gathered at the Rose Bowl for their Worship Service, with an attendance of 17,000. [90]

The Brookside Golf Course hosted the Los Angeles Open on the PGA Tour in 1968, won by Billy Casper in late January. [91]

The Rose Bowl was used for high school graduation ceremonies for the Alhambra Unified School District's Alhambra High School, Mark Keppel High School and San Gabriel High School on May 27, 2021, La Cañada Unified School District's La Cañada High School on June 3, 2021 and Glendale Unified School District's Glendale High School and Herbert Hoover High School on June 10, 2021 and Crescenta Valley High School on June 11, 2021 instead of holding at their respective campuses due to the COVID-19 restrictions.

Present status

Large card stunt performed at the 2004 Rose Bowl Game viewed from the Southeast corner CardStunt-010104-RoseBowl.jpg
Large card stunt performed at the 2004 Rose Bowl Game viewed from the Southeast corner

The Rose Bowl and adjacent golf course are managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the City of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board. In 2007 it was reported that Rose Bowl stadium itself runs on a yearly operational loss. [47] While it generated funds with the annual lease with UCLA ($1.5 million), the Tournament of Roses ($900,000), and a regularly hosted flea market ($900,000), it makes up the loss by relying on funds generated by the adjacent city-owned golf course ($2 million). [47] The stadium at the time was unable to finance many of the capital improvements it needed to be considered a modern facility, including new seats, wider aisles, additional exits, a wider concourse, a renovated press box, a state-of-the-art video scoreboard, new field lighting, ribbon boards, extra suites and a club. The estimated cost for such improvements ranges from $250 million and $300 million. [47] The stadium had long-term leases with its two major tenants, the Pasadena Tournament of Roses (2019) and UCLA (2023). In 2006, the Rose Bowl and the City of Pasadena launched a $16.3 million capital improvement program that benefited both UCLA and the Tournament of Roses. New locker rooms for both UCLA and visiting teams, as well as a new media interview area were constructed. [16] The USC Athletic department attempted to negotiate with the Rose Bowl to play games there in 2007, out of concerns that the Los Angeles Coliseum Commission would not negotiate, in a decade-long rent impasse between the Commission and the University. [93]

In April 2009, The Rose Bowl Operating Company unveiled a Rose Bowl Strategic Plan, which addressed the objectives to improve public safety; enhance fan experience; maintain national historic landmark status; develop revenue sources to fund long-term improvements; and enhance facility operations. On October 11, 2010, the Pasadena City Council approved a $152 million financing plan for the major renovation of the stadium. [94] Groundbreaking ceremonies for the first of three phases of the project were held on January 25, 2011. The newly constructed video board was used for the June 25, 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Final. The costs increased as the project went on, and by December 2012 were estimated at $194 Million and the project to be completed by 2015. [95] The Rose Bowl and UCLA leases were extended to 2043 and 2044 respectively. [95] [96] The renovations were completed in 2016. [27] In 2019, the Rose Bowl reported a profit of $335,000 [97] However, golf course usage has declined year after year, and UCLA football attendance has waned. [97] The stadium had reported $211.8 million in outstanding debt at the beginning of 2020. [97] The Rose Bowl is limited by law to 15 major events per year. But it can host an unlimited number of small events, such as weddings, for which it made $1.5 million in 2019. [97]

Notable dates

Seating and attendance records

Other notable dates

See also

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The 1973 Rose Bowl was the 59th edition of the college football bowl game, played at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California, on Monday, January 1. It matched the undefeated and top-ranked USC Trojans of the Pacific-8 Conference with the #3 Ohio State Buckeyes of the Big Ten Conference.

Venues of the 1984 Summer Olympics

For the 1984 Summer Olympics, a total of thirty-one venues were used. The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and the Rose Bowl, two venues previously used for the 1932 Summer Olympics, were used for the 1984 Games. Between the 1932 and the 1984 Summer Olympics, the expansion of professional sports teams assisted in the growth of the facilities that would be used for the 1984 events. Only two new permanent venues were constructed, both using corporate sponsorship, though neither were mentioned in the official Olympic report. Many other venues had temporary adjustments and returned to their normal usage once the 1984 Olympics were completed. Stanford Stadium in Palo Alto and the Rose Bowl later served as venues for the Super Bowl, the FIFA World Cup, and the FIFA Women's World Cup.

2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup International football competition

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2015 UCLA Bruins football team American college football season

The 2015 UCLA Bruins football team represented the University of California, Los Angeles in the 2015 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Bruins were coached by fourth-year head coach Jim L. Mora and played their home games at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California. They were members of the South Division of the Pac-12 Conference.

2018 UCLA Bruins football team American college football season

The 2018 UCLA Bruins football team represented the University of California, Los Angeles in the 2018 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Bruins were led by first-year head coach Chip Kelly and played their home games at the Rose Bowl. UCLA was a member of the Pac-12 Conference in the South Division. They began the season 0–4 for the first time since 1971, as well as 0–5 for the first time since 1943, before finally winning their first game, in dominating fashion, against Cal. However, despite failing to improve upon their previous season's output of 6 wins and 7 losses and failing to qualify for a bowl game, the Bruins later defeated the USC Trojans to end a three-game losing streak in their crosstown rivalry. The Bruins finished 3–9 overall, their worst record since 1971. They went 3–6 in Pac-12 play, finishing in fifth place in the South Division.

References

Notes
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Events and tenants
Preceded by
Tournament Park
Wallace Wade Stadium
Rose Bowl Game
1923–1941
1943–present
Succeeded by
Wallace Wade Stadium
Incumbent
Preceded by
Club established
Home of the
Los Angeles Galaxy

1996–2002
Succeeded by
Home Depot Center
Preceded by
RFK Stadium
MLS Cup
Venue

1998
Succeeded by
Foxboro Stadium
Preceded by
Orange Bowl
Orange Bowl
Pontiac Silverdome
Louisiana Superdome
Metrodome
Super Bowl
Venue

XI 1977
XIV 1980
XVII 1983
XXI 1987
XXVII 1993
Succeeded by
Louisiana Superdome
Louisiana Superdome
Tampa Stadium
Jack Murphy Stadium
Georgia Dome
Preceded by
Central Lenin Stadium
Moscow
Summer Olympics
Men's football final venue

1984
Succeeded by
Olympic Stadium
Seoul
Preceded by
Stadio Olimpico
Rome
FIFA World Cup
Final venue

1994
Succeeded by
Stade de France
Paris (Saint-Denis)
Preceded by
Råsunda Stadium
Stockholm
FIFA Women's World Cup
Final venue

1999
Succeeded by
Home Depot Center
Los Angeles (Carson)
Preceded by
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Final venue

2002
Succeeded by
Estadio Azteca
Mexico City
Preceded by
Giants Stadium
East Rutherford
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Final venue

2011
Succeeded by
Soldier Field
Chicago
Preceded by
Camp Randall Stadium
Drum Corps International World Championship
2007
Succeeded by
Bloomington Memorial Stadium
Preceded by
Pro Player Stadium
Pro Player Stadium
Dolphin Stadium
Sun Life Stadium
BCS National Championship Game
2002
2006
2010
2014
Succeeded by
Sun Devil Stadium
University of Phoenix Stadium
University of Phoenix Stadium
last stadium