Orange Bowl

Last updated
Orange Bowl
Capital One Orange Bowl
Orange Bowl logo.svg
Stadium Hard Rock Stadium
Location Miami Gardens, Florida (Dec. 1996–1998, 2000–present)
Previous stadiumsMiami Field (1935–1937)
Miami Orange Bowl (1938–Jan. 1996, 1999)
Previous locations Miami, Florida (1935–Jan. 1996, 1999)
Operated1935–present
Conference tie-ins ACC (1999–present)
SEC/Big Ten/Notre Dame (Dec. 2014–present)
CFP (Dec. 2014–present)
Previous conference tie-ins Big Eight (1976–Jan. 1996)
Big East (1999–2006)
BCS (1999–Jan. 2014)
Payout US$35 million/conference (As of 2009)
Sponsors
FedEx (1989–2010)
Discover Financial (2011–Jan. 2014)
Capital One (Dec. 2014–present)
Former names
Orange Bowl (1935–1988)
Federal Express Orange Bowl (1989–1993)
FedEx Orange Bowl (1994–2010)
Discover Orange Bowl (2011–Jan. 2014)
2018 season matchup
Alabama vs. Oklahoma (Alabama 45–34 )
2019 season matchup
ACC vs. Big Ten or SEC (January 1, 2020)

The Orange Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played in the Miami metropolitan area. It has been played annually since January 1, 1935, making it, along with the Sugar Bowl and the Sun Bowl, the second-oldest bowl game in the country, behind the Rose Bowl (first played 1902, played annually since 1916). The Orange Bowl is one of the New Year's Six, the top bowl games for the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision.

College football collegiate rules version of American/Canadian football, played by student-athletes of American/Canadian colleges and universities

College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, colleges, and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities. It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States.

Bowl game post-season game in American college football

In North America, a bowl game is one of a number of post-season college football games that are primarily played by teams belonging to the NCAA's Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). For most of its history, the Division I Bowl Subdivision had avoided using a playoff tournament to determine an annual national champion, which was instead traditionally determined by a vote of sports writers and other non-players. In place of such a playoff, various cities across the United States developed their own regional festivals featuring post-season college football games. Prior to 2002, bowl game statistics were not included in players' career totals and the games were mostly considered to be exhibition games involving a payout to participating teams. Despite attempts to establish a permanent system to determine the FBS national champion on the field, various bowl games continue to be held because of the vested economic interests entrenched in them.

Miami metropolitan area Metropolitan area in Florida, United States

The Miami metropolitan area, also known as the Greater Miami Area or South Florida, is the 73rd largest metropolitan area in the world and the seventh-largest metropolitan area in the United States. It is entirely in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida. With 6,158,824 inhabitants as of 2017, the Miami metropolitan area is the most populous in Florida and second largest in the southeastern United States, extending some 120 miles from north to south.

Contents

The Orange Bowl was originally held in the city of Miami at Miami Field before moving to the Miami Orange Bowl stadium in 1938. In 1996, it moved to Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. Since December 2014, the game has been sponsored by Capital One and officially known as the Capital One Orange Bowl. Previous sponsors include Discover Financial (2011–January 2014) and Federal Express/FedEx (1989–2010).

Miami Orange Bowl architectural structure

The Miami Orange Bowl was an outdoor athletic stadium in the southeastern United States, located in Miami, Florida, west of downtown in Little Havana. Considered a landmark, it was the home stadium for the Miami Hurricanes college football team, and the professional Miami Dolphins for their first 21 seasons, until the opening of Joe Robbie Stadium in nearby Miami Gardens in 1987. The stadium was the temporary home of the FIU Golden Panthers while its FIU Stadium underwent expansion during the 2007 season.

Hard Rock Stadium home venue of the Miami Dolphins

Hard Rock Stadium is a multipurpose football stadium located in Miami Gardens, Florida, a city north of Miami. It is the home stadium of the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League (NFL). Hard Rock Stadium also plays host to the Miami Hurricanes football team during their regular season. The facility also hosts the Orange Bowl, an annual college football bowl game. It was the home to the Florida Marlins of Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1993 to 2011. From 2019, the stadium is home to the Miami Open tennis tournament, played in March.

Miami Gardens, Florida City in Florida

Miami Gardens is a city located in north-central Miami-Dade County, Florida. Its boundaries stretch from I-95 and NE 2nd Avenue on the east, to NW 47th and NW 57th Avenues on the west, and from the Broward County line on the north, to 151st Street on the south. The city name comes from one of the major roadways through the area, Miami Gardens Drive. According to the 2017 estimate from the US Census Bureau, the city had a population of 113,750, and it is the largest city in Florida that has a majority African American population. It is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,012,331 people at the 2015 census.

In its early years, the Orange Bowl had no defined conference tie-ins; it often pitted a team from the southeastern part of the country against a team from the central or northeastern states. From the 1950s until the mid-1990s, the Orange Bowl had a strong relationship with the Big Eight Conference. The champion (or runner-up in years in which the “no-repeat” rule was invoked) was invited to the bowl game in most years during this time; the 1979 Orange Bowl even had two representatives from the Big Eight. Opponents of the Big Eight varied; but were often major independents, runners-up in the Southeastern Conference (SEC), or champions of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). Since 2007, the Orange Bowl has hosted the ACC champion—unless they are involved in the national championship playoff, in which case another high-ranking ACC team team takes their place) [1] —and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion.

Big Eight Conference Former U.S. college athletics conference

The Big Eight Conference was a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)-affiliated Division I-A college athletic association that sponsored football. It was formed in January 1907 as the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association (MVIAA) by its charter member schools: the University of Kansas, University of Missouri, University of Nebraska, and Washington University in St. Louis. Additionally, the University of Iowa was an original member of the MVIAA, while maintaining joint membership in the Western Conference.

The 1979 edition of the Orange Bowl was played on Monday, January 1 in Miami, Florida, and featured the #6 Nebraska Cornhuskers and the #4 Oklahoma Sooners, both of the Big Eight Conference.

Southeastern Conference College athletics conference of universities in the southern United States

The Southeastern Conference (SEC) is an American college athletic conference whose member institutions are located primarily in the Southern part of the United States. Its fourteen members include the flagship public universities of eleven states, two additional public land grant universities, and one private research university. The conference is headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama. The SEC participates in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I in sports competitions; for football, it is part of the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A.

In the 1990s, the Orange Bowl was a member of the Bowl Coalition, but kept its Big Eight tie-in. It was later a member of the Bowl Alliance. From 1998 to 2013, The Orange Bowl was a member of the now-defunct Bowl Championship Series (BCS). The Orange Bowl served as the BCS National Championship Game in 2001 and 2005. However, beginning with the 2006 season, the BCS National Championship Game became a stand-alone event, hosted by the local bowl organization about one week following the New Year's Day bowl games (including the Orange Bowl). Under that format, the Orange Bowl Committee hosted two separate games in both 2009 (the 2009 Orange Bowl on January 1 and the 2009 BCS National Championship Game on January 8) and in 2013 (the 2013 Orange Bowl on January 1 and the 2013 BCS National Championship Game on January 7) at all the same venue. The BCS ended after the 2013 season, being replaced by the current College Football Playoff (CFP). The Orange Bowl has served as one of six bowls in the CFP since the 2014 season; it hosted a national semifinal following the 2015 and 2018 seasons.

The Bowl Coalition was formed through an agreement among Division I-A college football bowl games and conferences for the purpose of forcing a national championship game between the top two teams and to provide quality bowl game matchups for the champions of its member conferences. It was established for the 1992 season after there were co-national champions for both the 1990 and 1991. The agreement was in place for the 1992, 1993, and 1994 college football seasons. It was the predecessor of the Bowl Alliance, and later the Bowl Championship Series.

The Bowl Alliance was an agreement among college football bowl games for the purpose of trying to match the top two teams in a national championship bowl game and to provide quality bowl game matchups for the champions of its member conferences. The agreement was in place for the 1995, 1996, and 1997 seasons and had replaced the Bowl Coalition. Each participating team in the Bowl Alliance Championship received $8.5 million from the television sponsors.

Bowl Championship Series American college football playoff series

The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system that created five bowl game match-ups involving ten of the top ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of American college football, including an opportunity for the top two teams to compete in the BCS National Championship Game. The system was in place for the 1998 through 2013 seasons and in 2014 was replaced by the College Football Playoff.

History

Early roots

In 1890, Pasadena, California held its first Tournament of Roses Parade to showcase the city's mild weather compared to the harsh winters in northern cities. As one of the organizers said: "In New York, people are buried in snow. Here, our flowers are blooming and our oranges are about to bear. Let's hold a festival to tell the world about our paradise." In 1902, the annual festival was enhanced by adding an American football game. [2]

Pasadena, California City in California, United States

Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, located 10 miles northeast of Downtown Los Angeles.

In 1926, leaders in Miami, Florida, decided to do the same with a "Fiesta of the American Tropics" that was centered around a New Year's Day football game. Although a second "Fiesta" was never held, Miami leaders, including Earnest E. Seiler, later revived the idea with the "Palm Festival" (with the slogan "Have a Green Christmas in Miami"). [3]

Palm Festival Game

In 1932, George E. Hussey, official greeter of Miami, organized the first Festival of Palms Bowl, a predecessor of the Orange Bowl. With Miami suffering from both the Great Depression and the preceding Florida land bust, Hussey and other Miamians sought to help its economy by organizing a game similar to Pasadena's Rose Bowl.

Two games were played in this series at Moore Park in Miami, both pitting an invited opponent against a local team, the University of Miami. In the first game, played on January 2, 1933, Miami defeated Manhattan College 7–0. In the second game, played on New Year's Day 1934, Duquesne defeated Miami 33–7. Duquesne was coached by Elmer Layden, one of the Four Horsemen of Notre Dame.

These games are not recognized as bowl games by the NCAA because one team was guaranteed a berth regardless of record. However, following the success of these games, backers organized another game for New Year's Day 1935 under the Orange Bowl name. This game, unlike the Palm Festival Games, did not automatically grant a berth to one team, although the University of Miami was again a participant. For this reason, the 1935 Orange Bowl was later recognized by the NCAA as an official bowl game. [4]

Modern game

The Orange Bowl was played at Miami Field [5] (located where Miami Orange Bowl was later built) from 1935 to 1937, the Miami Orange Bowl from 1938 to 1996 and 1999, and was moved to its current site, Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, in December 1996. The game was moved back to the namesake stadium in 1999 (which would be the final bowl game ever in the Miami Orange Bowl) because the game was played on the same day the Miami Dolphins hosted an NFL Wild Card Playoff game. Coincidentally, both of those games were aired on ABC.

On January 1, 1965, the Texas vs. Alabama Orange Bowl was the first college bowl game to be televised live in prime time. [6]

Orange Bowl trophy 2008 Orange Bowl Trophy.jpg
Orange Bowl trophy
President John F. Kennedy (lower center) at the Orange Bowl, 1963 John F. Kennedy at the Orange Bowl (1963).jpg
President John F. Kennedy (lower center) at the Orange Bowl, 1963

From 1968, the game usually featured the champion of the former Big Eight Conference. When the Big Eight Conference absorbed four members of the defunct Southwest Conference in 1996, the newly formed Big 12 Conference moved its conference champion tie-in to the Fiesta Bowl. Since 1998, however, with the creation of the Bowl Championship Series system, team selection for the Orange Bowl is now tied into the other three BCS Bowls.

From 1998 to 2005, the game hosted the champion of either the ACC or Big East conferences, unless they were invited to the National Championship game, or if the Orange Bowl itself was hosting the national championship matchup.

Starting with the 2006 season, the Orange Bowl has been exclusively tied with the ACC and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion. As one of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) bowl games, the site of the Orange Bowl also hosted the national championship game one week after the Orange Bowl game; it did so on a four-year rotating basis with the other three BCS games (the others being the Sugar, Fiesta, and Rose Bowls).

King Orange Jamboree Parade

From 1936 to 2001, the Orange Bowl Committee also sponsored a parade. In its heyday, the parade was a nighttime New Year's Eve tradition, televised nationally with lighted floats and displays going down part of Biscayne Boulevard in downtown Miami. However ratings dropped and the national television contract was lost in 1997, causing the parade to quickly become a shell of its former self since there were no sponsors for the elaborate floats. As a result, the committee chose to bring this tradition to an end in early 2002. [7]

The very first King Orange Jamboree Parade was held the day before the 1936 game with 30 floats at an expense of $40,000 ($653,933 in 2012 dollars [8] ). [9] Babs Beckwith was chosen as the first Orange Bowl queen. [9] [10]

Conference tie-ins

The Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) is locked into a 12-year deal (2014–2025) with the Orange Bowl, so if the ACC champion qualifies for the playoffs in a year when the Orange Bowl is not a semifinal host, the next-highest ranked ACC team will play in the Orange Bowl. For the secondary tie-ins, the Southeastern Conference (SEC) and the Big Ten Conference are guaranteed three appearances each, and the University of Notre Dame can play in a maximum of two games, but is not guaranteed any appearances. The ACC team's opponent in a given year will be the highest-ranked available team from the SEC, Big Ten, and Notre Dame, subject to several constraints: the SEC and Big Ten champions are always excluded, and when an SEC and/or Big Ten team qualifies for the College Football Playoff, the next available team would also be excluded from participating in the Orange Bowl due to contractual obligations with the Sugar Bowl and Rose Bowl, respectively. Also, should a highest-ranked team create a rematch with the ACC team, the Orange Bowl has the option of passing over that team for the next-highest ranked team among the Big Ten, SEC, and Notre Dame, again subject to the noted constraints. Rankings are based on the College Football Playoff committee's rankings. ESPN holds the television rights for 12 years as well. [11]

Game results

Rankings are based on the AP Poll prior to the game being played.

Date playedWinning teamLosing teamVenueAttendance [12] Notes
January 1, 1935 Bucknell 26 Miami (Florida) 0 Miami Field 5,134 notes
January 1, 1936 Catholic 20 Mississippi 196,568 notes
January 1, 1937#14 Duquesne 13 Mississippi State 129,210 notes
January 1, 1938 Auburn 6 Michigan State 0 Miami Orange Bowl 18,972 notes
January 2, 1939#2 Tennessee 17#4 Oklahoma 032,191 notes
January 1, 1940#16 Georgia Tech 21#6 Missouri 729,278 notes
January 1, 1941#9 Mississippi State 14#13 Georgetown 729,554 notes
January 1, 1942#14 Georgia 40 TCU 2635,786 notes
January 1, 1943#10 Alabama 37#8 Boston College 2125,166 notes
January 1, 1944 LSU 19 Texas A&M 1425,203 notes
January 1, 1945 Tulsa 26#13 Georgia Tech 1223,279 notes
January 1, 1946 Miami (Florida) 13#16 Holy Cross 635,709 notes
January 1, 1947#10 Rice 8#7 Tennessee 036,152 notes
January 1, 1948#10 Georgia Tech 20#12 Kansas 1459,578 notes
January 1, 1949 Texas 41#8 Georgia 2860,523 notes
January 2, 1950#15 Santa Clara 21#11 Kentucky 1364,816 notes
January 1, 1951#10 Clemson 15#15 Miami (Florida) 1465,181 notes
January 1, 1952#6 Georgia Tech 17#9 Baylor 1465,839 notes
January 1, 1953#9 Alabama 61#14 Syracuse 666,280 notes
January 1, 1954#4 Oklahoma 7#1 Maryland 068,640 notes
January 1, 1955#14 Duke 34 Nebraska 768,750 notes
January 2, 1956#1 Oklahoma 20#3 Maryland 676,561 notes
January 1, 1957#20 Colorado 27#19 Clemson 2173,280 notes
January 1, 1958#4 Oklahoma 48#16 Duke 2176,561 notes
January 1, 1959#5 Oklahoma 21#9 Syracuse 675,281 notes
January 1, 1960#5 Georgia 14#18 Missouri 072,186 notes
January 2, 1961#5 Missouri 21#4 Navy 1472,212 notes
January 1, 1962#4 LSU 25#7 Colorado 768,150 notes
January 1, 1963#5 Alabama 17#8 Oklahoma 072,880 notes
January 1, 1964#6 Nebraska 13#5 Auburn 772,647 notes
January 1, 1965#5 Texas 21#1 Alabama 1772,647 notes
January 1, 1966#4 Alabama 39#3 Nebraska 2872,214 notes
January 2, 1967 Florida 27#8 Georgia Tech 1272,426 notes
January 1, 1968#3 Oklahoma 26#2 Tennessee 2477,993 notes
January 1, 1969#3 Penn State 15#6 Kansas 1477,719 notes
January 1, 1970#2 Penn State 10#6 Missouri 377,282 notes
January 1, 1971#3 Nebraska 17#5 LSU 1280,699 notes
January 1, 1972#1 Nebraska 38#2 Alabama 678,151 notes
January 1, 1973#9 Nebraska 40#12 Notre Dame 680,010 notes
January 1, 1974#6 Penn State 16#13 LSU 960,477 notes
January 1, 1975#9 Notre Dame 13#2 Alabama 1171,801 notes
January 1, 1976#3 Oklahoma 14#5 Michigan 676,799 notes
January 1, 1977#11 Ohio State 27#12 Colorado 1065,537 notes
January 2, 1978#6 Arkansas 31#2 Oklahoma 660,987 notes
January 1, 1979#4 Oklahoma 31#6 Nebraska 2466,365 notes
January 1, 1980#5 Oklahoma 24#4 Florida State 766,714 notes
January 1, 1981#4 Oklahoma 18#2 Florida State 1771,043 notes
January 1, 1982#1 Clemson 22#4 Nebraska 1572,748 notes
January 1, 1983#3 Nebraska 21#13 LSU 2068,713 notes
January 2, 1984#5 Miami (Florida) 31#1 Nebraska 3072,549 notes
January 1, 1985#4 Washington 28#2 Oklahoma 1756,294 notes
January 1, 1986#3 Oklahoma 25#1 Penn State 1074,178 notes
January 1, 1987#3 Oklahoma 42#9 Arkansas 852,717 notes
January 1, 1988#2 Miami (Florida) 20#1 Oklahoma 1474,760 notes
January 2, 1989#2 Miami (Florida) 23#6 Nebraska 379,480 notes
January 1, 1990#4 Notre Dame 21#1 Colorado 681,190 notes
January 1, 1991#1 Colorado 10#5 Notre Dame 977,062 notes
January 1, 1992#1 Miami (Florida) 22#11 Nebraska 077,747 notes
January 1, 1993#3 Florida State 27#11 Nebraska 1457,324 notes
January 1, 1994 BC #1 Florida State 18#2 Nebraska 1681,536 notes
January 1, 1995 BC #1 Nebraska 24#3 Miami (Florida) 1781,753 notes
January 1, 1996#6 Florida State 31#8 Notre Dame 2672,198 notes
December 31, 1996#6 Nebraska 41#10 Virginia Tech 21 Pro Player Stadium @ 63,297 notes
January 2, 1998 BA #2 Nebraska 42#3 Tennessee 1774,002 notes
January 2, 1999#7 Florida 31#18 Syracuse 10 Miami Orange Bowl Dagger-14-plain.png67,919 notes
January 1, 2000#8 Michigan 35#5 Alabama 34 Pro Player Stadium @ 70,461 notes
January 3, 2001 BCS #1 Oklahoma 13#3 Florida State 276,835 notes
January 2, 2002#5 Florida 56#6 Maryland 2373,640 notes
January 2, 2003#5 USC 38#3 Iowa 1775,971 notes
January 1, 2004#10 Miami (Florida) 16#9 Florida State 1476,739 notes
January 4, 2005 BCS #1 USC Dagger-14-plain.pngDagger-14-plain.png55#2 Oklahoma 1977,912 notes
January 3, 2006#3 Penn State 26#22 Florida State 23 Dolphins Stadium @ 77,773 notes
January 2, 2007#5 Louisville 24#15 Wake Forest 13 Dolphin Stadium @ 74,470 notes
January 3, 2008#8 Kansas 24#5 Virginia Tech 2174,111 notes
January 1, 2009#21 Virginia Tech 20#12 Cincinnati 773,602 notes
January 5, 2010#10 Iowa 24#9 Georgia Tech 14 Land Shark Stadium @ 66,131 notes
January 3, 2011#5 Stanford 40#12 Virginia Tech 12 Sun Life Stadium @ 65,453 notes
January 4, 2012#17 West Virginia 70#22 Clemson 3367,563 notes
January 1, 2013#13 Florida State 31#16 Northern Illinois 1072,073 notes
January 3, 2014#12 Clemson 40#7 Ohio State 3572,080 notes
December 31, 2014#10 Georgia Tech 49#8 Mississippi State 3458,211 notes
December 31, 2015 CFP #1 Clemson 37#4 Oklahoma 1767,615 notes
December 30, 2016#10 Florida State 33#6 Michigan 32 Hard Rock Stadium 67,432 notes
December 30, 2017#6 Wisconsin 34#11 Miami (Florida) 2465,326 notes
December 29, 2018 CFP #1 Alabama 45#4 Oklahoma 3466,203 notes
^BC Denotes Bowl Coalition Championship Game
^BA Denotes Bowl Alliance Championship Game
^BCS Denotes BCS National Championship Game
^CFP Denotes College Football Playoff semifinal game
^@ Denotes a historical name for what is now Hard Rock Stadium
Dagger-14-plain.png Due to an NFL scheduling conflict, the 1999 game was played at the Miami Orange Bowl
Dagger-14-plain.pngDagger-14-plain.png USC vacated their 2005 victory due to NCAA sanctions

Future games

SeasonDateDay

Future game dates [13] [14]
2019January 1, 2020Wednesday
2020January 2, 2021Saturday
2021Dagger-14-plain.pngDecember 31, 2021Friday
2022December 30, 2022Friday
2023December 30, 2023Saturday
2024Dagger-14-plain.pngDecember 28, 2024Saturday
2025December 30, 2025Tuesday

Dagger-14-plain.png denotes game is a College Football Playoff semifinal

MVPs

Appearances by team

Only teams with at least three appearances are listed.

RankTeamAppearancesRecordWin pct.
1 Oklahoma 2012–8.600
2 Nebraska 178–9.471
T3 Miami (FL) 106–4.600
T3 Florida State 105–5.500
5 Alabama 95–4.556
6 Georgia Tech 74–3.571
7 Clemson 64–2.667
T8 Penn State 54–1.800
T8 Colorado 52–3.400
T8 LSU 52–3.400
T8 Notre Dame 52–3.400
T12 Missouri 41–3.250
T12 Tennessee 41–3.250
T12 Virginia Tech 41–3.250
T15 Florida 33–01.000
T15 Georgia 32–1.667
T15 Kansas 31–2.333
T15 Mississippi State 31–2.333
T15 Michigan 31–2.333
T15 Maryland 30–3.000
T15 Syracuse 30–3.000

Appearances by conference

Updated through the December 2018 edition (85 games, 170 total appearances).

RankConferenceAppearancesRecordWin %# of
Teams
Teams
1 Big Eight 4220–22.4765 Oklahoma (11–5) [A 1]
Nebraska (6–9) [A 1]
Colorado (2–3)
Missouri (1–3)
Kansas (0–2) [A 1]
2 SEC 3518–17.51410 Alabama (5–4)
LSU (2–3)
Georgia Tech (3–1) [A 2]
Tennessee (1–3)
Florida (3–0)
Georgia (2–1)
Auburn (1–1)
Mississippi State (1–2)
Kentucky (0–1)
Ole Miss (0–1)
3Independent2813–15.46415 Miami (FL) (4–1) [A 3]
Notre Dame (2–3)
Penn State (3–1) [A 4]
Florida State (0–2) [A 5]
Syracuse (0–2) [A 6]
Bucknell (1–0)
Catholic (1–0)
Duquesne (1–0)
Santa Clara (1–0)
Boston College (0–1)
Georgia Tech (0–1) [A 2]
Georgetown (0–1)
Holy Cross (0–1)
Michigan State (0–1)
Navy (0–1)
4 ACC 2511–14.4408 Florida State (5–3)* [A 5]
Clemson (3–2) [A 7]
Georgia Tech (1–1) [A 2]
Duke (1–1)
Virginia Tech (1–2) [A 8]
Wake Forest (0–1)
Maryland (0–3)
Miami (FL) (0–1)
5 Big Ten 95–4.5565 Iowa (1–1)
Ohio State (1–1)
Michigan (1–2)
Penn State (1–0) [A 4]
Wisconsin (1–0)
T6 Big East 84–4.5006 Miami (FL) (2–1) [A 3]
Louisville (1–0)
West Virginia (1–0)
Cincinnati (0–1)
Syracuse (0–1) [A 6]
Virginia Tech (0–1) [A 8]
T6 SWC 84–4.5006 Texas (2–0)
Arkansas (1–1)
Rice (1–0)
Baylor (0–1)
TCU (0–1)
Texas A&M (0–1)
8 Big 12 74–3.5713 Nebraska (2–0) [A 1]
Kansas (1–0) [A 1]
Oklahoma (1–3) [A 1]
9 Pac-12 44–01.0003 USC (2–0)
Stanford (1–0)
Washington (1–0)
T10 SoCon 11–01.0001 Clemson (1–0) [A 7]
T10 MVC 11–01.0001 Tulsa (1–0)
T10 MAC 10–1.0001 Northern Illinois (0–1)*
T10 SIAA 10–1.0001 Miami (FL) (0–1) [A 3]
  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 As members of the Big Eight, Oklahoma played in 16 Orange Bowls, Nebraska played in 15 Orange Bowls, and Kansas played in 2 Orange Bowls. As members of the Big 12 (after the Big Eight merged with 4 schools in the SWC to form the Big 12), Oklahoma and Nebraska each played in 2 more Orange Bowls and Kansas played in 1 more Orange Bowl.
  2. 1 2 3 Georgia Tech was a member of the SEC during the 1940, 1945, 1948, and 1952 Orange Bowls. It was an independent team during the 1967 Orange Bowl and a member of the ACC during the 2010 and 2014 Orange Bowls.
  3. 1 2 3 Miami was a member of the SIAA during the 1935 Orange Bowl. It was an independent team during the 1946, 1951, 1984, 1988, and 1989 Orange Bowls. It was a member of the Big East during the 1992, 1995, and 2004 Orange Bowls. It was a member of the ACC during the 2017 Orange Bowl.
  4. 1 2 Penn State was an independent team during the 1969, 1970, 1974, and 1986 Orange Bowls. It was a member of the Big Ten during the 2006 Orange Bowl.
  5. 1 2 Florida State was an independent team during the 1980 and 1981 Orange Bowls and was a member of the ACC during the 1993, 1994, 1996, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2013 and 2016 Orange Bowls.
  6. 1 2 Syracuse was an independent team during the 1953 and 1959 Orange Bowls and was a member of the Big East during the 1999 Orange Bowl.
  7. 1 2 Clemson was a member of the Southern Conference during the 1951 Orange Bowl and a member of the ACC during the 1957, 1982, 2012 and 2014 Orange Bowls (Clemson was one of seven SoCon schools to split off to form the ACC).
  8. 1 2 Virginia Tech was a member of the Big East during the 1996 Orange Bowl and a member of the ACC during the 2008, 2009, and 2011 Orange Bowls.

Game Records

TeamRecord, Team vs. OpponentYear
Most points scored (one team)70, West Virginia vs. Clemson2012
Most points scored (losing team)35, Ohio State vs. ClemsonJan. 2014
Most points scored (both teams)103, West Virginia (70) vs. Clemson (33)2012
Fewest points allowed0, 8 times, most recent:
Miami (FL) vs. Nebraska
 
1992
Largest margin of victory55, Alabama (61) vs. Syracuse (6)1953
Total yards
Rushing yards
Passing yards
First downs
Fewest yards allowed
Fewest rushing yards allowed
Fewest passing yards allowed
IndividualRecord, Player, Team vs. OpponentYear
All-purpose yards
Touchdowns (all-purpose)
Rushing yards
Rushing touchdowns
Passing yards
Passing touchdowns
Receiving yards
Receiving touchdowns
Tackles
Sacks
Interceptions
Long PlaysRecord, Player, Team vs. OpponentYear
Touchdown run
Touchdown pass
Kickoff return
Punt return
Interception return
Fumble return
Punt
Field goal

Sponsorship

The game was previously officially known as the Discover Orange Bowl, since Discover Financial was announced as title sponsor on August 26, 2010 as part of a new four-year agreement. [15] The game had been called the FedEx Orange Bowl from 1989 to 2010, as FedEx sponsored the event during that period. Starting with the 2010–11 season, ESPN carried the Orange Bowl, replacing Fox after four seasons. [16] ABC aired the game from 1999 to 2006, with CBS (1995–1998) and NBC (1964–1994) previously carrying the game.

Discover stated that they would not renew their sponsorship of the game further on June 9, 2014; the game will be a part of the College Football Playoff in the future, and CFP rightsholder ESPN has asked for higher sponsorship fees, in return. [17] On September 22, 2014, Capital One was announced as the new title sponsor of the Orange Bowl, transferring their bowl game sponsorship from the Citrus Bowl. [18] [19] Subsequently, the company's "Capital One Mascot Challenge" winner naming ceremony also moved to the Orange Bowl.

Broadcasting

ESPN is the current rightsholder of the Orange Bowl, a relationship that began in 2011 as part of the contract to broadcast the Bowl Championship Series games. In anticipation of the transition to the College Football Playoff in the 2014–15 season, ESPN reached a new deal with the game's organizers in November 2012 to extend its rights through 2026, paying $55 million yearly. [20] The game is also broadcast nationally by ESPN Radio.

Prior to that, Fox held the rights to the event (along with the other BCS bowls) since 2007, preceded by ABC (1999–2006 and 1962–64), CBS (1996–98 and 1953–61), and NBC (1965–95). This game, along with the Fiesta Bowl, is one of only two bowl games ever to air on all the "big 4" U.S. television networks. ESPN Deportes added a Spanish language telecast of the game in 2013. [21]

See also

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The Fiesta Bowl is an American college football bowl game played annually in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Between its origination in 1971 and 2006, the game was hosted in Tempe, Arizona at Sun Devil Stadium. Since 2007, it has been held at the State Farm Stadium in Glendale, Arizona.

Cotton Bowl Classic American college football tournament

The Cotton Bowl Classic, also simply known as the Cotton Bowl, is an American college football bowl game that has been held annually in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex since January 1, 1937. The game was originally played at its namesake stadium in Dallas before moving to AT&T Stadium in nearby Arlington in 2010. Since 2014, the game has been sponsored by the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company and officially known as the Goodyear Cotton Bowl Classic. It has been previously sponsored by Southwestern Bell Corporation/SBC Communications/AT&T (1997–2014) and Mobil (1989–1995)

Rose Bowl Game American college football tournament

The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 at the Rose Bowl stadium in Pasadena, California. When New Year's Day falls on a Sunday, the game is played on Monday, January 2. The Rose Bowl Game is nicknamed "The Granddaddy of Them All" because it is the oldest bowl game. It was first played in 1902 as the Tournament East–West football game, and has been played annually since 1916. Since 1945, it has been the highest attended college football bowl game. It is a part of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association's "America's New Year Celebration", which also includes the historic Rose Parade.

Sugar Bowl American college football tournament

The Sugar Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played in New Orleans, Louisiana. It has been played annually since January 1, 1935, and celebrated its 75th anniversary on January 2, 2009. The Sugar Bowl, along with the Orange Bowl and Sun Bowl, are the second-oldest bowl games in the country, behind the Rose Bowl Game.

Citrus Bowl American college football tournament

The Citrus Bowl is an annual college football bowl game played at Camping World Stadium in Orlando, Florida. The bowl is operated by Florida Citrus Sports, a non-profit group that also organizes the Camping World Bowl and Florida Classic.

Peach Bowl College football bowl

The Peach Bowl is an annual college football bowl game played in Atlanta since December 1968. Since 1997, it has been sponsored by Chick-fil-A and officially known as the Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl. From 2006 to 2013, it was officially referred to as simply the Chick-fil-A Bowl.

BCS National Championship Game Post-season NCAA football game that determined USAs top college team

The BCS National Championship Game, or BCS National Championship, was a postseason college football bowl game, used to determine a national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), first played in the 1998 college football season as one of four designated bowl games, and beginning in the 2006 season as a standalone event rotated among the host sites of the aforementioned bowls.

In college football, the term Power Five conferences refers to five athletic conferences whose members are part of the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of NCAA Division I, the highest level of collegiate football in the United States. The conferences are the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), Big Ten Conference (B1G), Big 12 Conference, Pac-12 Conference, and Southeastern Conference (SEC). The term "Power Five" is not defined by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), and the origin of the term is unknown. It has been used in its current meaning since at least 2006. The term is also used in other college sports.

The teams that participate in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I Football Bowl Subdivision earn the right to compete in a series of post-season games called bowl games. As of 2017, there are 40 bowl games, and all are contractually obligated to offer bids to specific conferences, a situation known as a "tie-in". The "top" six bowl games in the nation select their teams as part of the College Football Playoff (CFP), which was put into place for a minimum of 12 years, beginning with the 2014 season. Prior to 2014, the top five games in the country were chosen under the system known as the Bowl Championship Series. The bowls outside of the CFP, have individual contracts with the conferences to offer preferential bids to teams from those conferences. As long as teams are bowl eligible, they may be selected by these bowls to meet these contracts.

The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system designed, through polls and computer statistics, to determine a No. 1 and No. 2 ranked team in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). After the final polls, the two top teams were chosen to play in the BCS National Championship Game which determined the BCS national champion team, but not the champion team for independent voting systems. This format was intended to be "bowl-centered" rather than a traditional playoff system, since numerous FBS Conferences have expressed their unwillingness to participate in a play-off system. However, due to the unique and often esoteric nature of the BCS format, there had been controversy as to which two teams should play for the national championship and which teams should play in the four other BCS bowl games. In this selection process, the BCS was often criticized for conference favoritism, its inequality of access for teams in non-Automatic Qualifying (non-AQ) Conferences, and perceived monopolistic, "profit-centered" motives. In terms of this last concern, Congress has explored the possibility on more than one occasion of holding hearings to determine the legality of the BCS under the terms of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, and the United States Justice Department has also periodically announced interest in investigating the BCS for similar reasons.

2010–11 NCAA football bowl games

The 2010–11 NCAA football bowl games concluded the 2010 NCAA Division I FBS football season and included 35 team-competitive bowl games and four all-star games. The games began play with three bowls on December 18, 2010 and included the 2011 BCS National Championship Game in Glendale, Arizona played on January 10 at the University of Phoenix Stadium. The bowl season concluded with the East–West Shrine Game, the Eastham Energy All-Star Game, the Senior Bowl, the Dixie Gridiron Classic, and the NFLPA Game. One bowl, the Toronto-based International Bowl, has ceased operations.

2012–13 NCAA football bowl games for games played in December 2012 as part of the 2012 season

The 2012–13 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They concluded the 2012 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 35 team-competitive games and four all-star games. The games began on Saturday December 15, 2012 and, aside from the all-star games, concluded with the 2013 BCS National Championship Game in Miami Gardens, Florida that was played on January 7, 2013.

College Football Playoff Postseason tournament for the highest level of American college football

The College Football Playoff (CFP) is an annual postseason knockout tournament to determine a national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), the highest level of college football competition in the United States. The inaugural tournament was held at the end of the 2014 NCAA Division I FBS football season which was won by Ohio State. Four teams play in two semifinal games, and the winner of each semifinal advances to the College Football Playoff National Championship game.

The 2013–14 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They concluded the 2013 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 35 team-competitive games and three all-star games. The games began on Saturday December 21, 2013 and, aside from the all-star games, ended with the 2014 BCS National Championship at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena that was played on January 6, 2014.

The 2014–15 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They completed the 2014 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 39 team-competitive games and four all-star games. The games began on December 20, 2014 and, aside from the all-star games, ended with the 2015 College Football Playoff National Championship which was played on January 12, 2015.

The 2014 Fiesta Bowl was a college football bowl game played on December 31, 2014, at University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. The 44th Fiesta Bowl was one of the New Year's Bowls of the College Football Playoff. It was one of the 2014–15 bowl games that conclude the 2014 FBS football season. The game was sponsored by the Vizio consumer electronics company and is officially known as the Vizio Fiesta Bowl.

The 2015–16 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They completed the 2015 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The games began on December 19, 2015 and, aside from the all-star games, ended with the 2016 College Football Playoff National Championship which was played on January 11, 2016.

The New Year's Six (NY6) bowls are the top six major NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision bowl games: the Rose Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Peach Bowl, and Fiesta Bowl. The New Year's Six represent six of the ten oldest bowl games currently played at the FBS level. These six top-tier bowl games rotate the hosting of the two College Football Playoff (CFP) semifinal games, which determine the teams that play in the final College Football Playoff National Championship game. The rotation is set on a three-year cycle with the following pairings: Rose/Sugar, Orange/Cotton, and Fiesta/Peach.

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