Orange Bowl

Last updated
Orange Bowl
Capital One Orange Bowl
Orange Bowl logo.svg
Stadium Hard Rock Stadium
Location Miami Gardens, Florida (December 1996–1998, 2000–present)
Previous stadiums Miami Field (1935–1937)
Miami Orange Bowl (1938–January 1996, 1999)
Previous locations Miami, Florida (1935–January 1996, 1999)
Operated 1935–present
Championship affiliation
Conference tie-ins ACC (1999–present)
SEC/Big Ten/Notre Dame (December 2014–present)
Previous conference tie-ins Big Eight (1976–January 1996)
Big East (1999–2006)
Payout US$35 million/conference (As of 2009)
Sponsors
Federal Express/FedEx (1989–2010)
Discover Financial (2011–January 2014)
Capital One (December 2014–present)
Former names
Orange Bowl (1935–1988)
Federal Express/FedEx Orange Bowl (1989–2010)
Discover Orange Bowl (2011–January 2014)
2019 matchup
Virginia vs. Florida (Florida 36–28)
2020 season matchup
Texas A&M vs. North Carolina
(Texas A&M 41–27)

The Orange Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played in the Miami metropolitan area. It has been played annually since January 1, 1935, making it, along with the Sugar Bowl and the Sun Bowl, the second-oldest bowl game in the country, behind the Rose Bowl (first played 1902, played annually since 1916). The Orange Bowl is one of the New Year's Six, the top bowl games for the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision.

Contents

The Orange Bowl was originally held in the city of Miami at Miami Field before moving to the Miami Orange Bowl stadium in 1938. In 1996, it moved to Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. Since December 2014, the game has been sponsored by Capital One and officially known as the Capital One Orange Bowl. Previous sponsors include Discover Financial (2011–January 2014) and Federal Express/FedEx (1989–2010).

In its early years, the Orange Bowl had no defined conference tie-ins; it often pitted a team from the southeastern part of the country against a team from the central or northeastern states. From the 1950s until the mid-1990s, the Orange Bowl had a strong relationship with the Big Eight Conference. The champion (or runner-up in years in which the “no-repeat” rule was invoked) was invited to the bowl game in most years during this time; the 1979 Orange Bowl even had two representatives from the Big Eight. Opponents of the Big Eight varied; but were often major independents, runners-up in the Southeastern Conference (SEC), or champions of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). Since 2007, the Orange Bowl has hosted the ACC champion—unless they are involved in the national championship playoff, in which case another high-ranking ACC team takes their place) [1] —and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion.

In the 1990s, the Orange Bowl was a member of the Bowl Coalition, but kept its Big Eight tie-in. It was later a member of the Bowl Alliance. From 1998 to 2013, The Orange Bowl was a member of the now-defunct Bowl Championship Series (BCS). The Orange Bowl served as the BCS National Championship Game in 2001 and 2005. However, beginning with the 2006 season, the BCS National Championship Game became a stand-alone event, hosted by the local bowl organization about one week following the New Year's Day bowl games (including the Orange Bowl). Under that format, the Orange Bowl Committee hosted two separate games in both 2009 (the 2009 Orange Bowl on January 1 and the 2009 BCS National Championship Game on January 8) and in 2013 (the 2013 Orange Bowl on January 1 and the 2013 BCS National Championship Game on January 7) at all the same venue. The BCS ended after the 2013 season, being replaced by the current College Football Playoff (CFP). The Orange Bowl has served as one of six bowls in the CFP since the 2014 season. In the years that it is not a national semifinal, the Orange Bowl is hosted by the ACC champion if that team is not one of the four top seeds for the CFP. The Orange Bowl hosted a national semifinal following the 2015 and 2018 seasons.

History

Early roots

In 1890, Pasadena, California held its first Tournament of Roses Parade to showcase the city's mild weather compared to the harsh winters in northern cities. As one of the organizers said: "In New York, people are buried in snow. Here, our flowers are blooming and our oranges are about to bear. Let's hold a festival to tell the world about our paradise." In 1902, the annual festival was enhanced by adding an American football game. [2]

In 1926, leaders in Miami, Florida, decided to do the same with a "Fiesta of the American Tropics" that was centered around a New Year's Day football game. Although a second "Fiesta" was never held, Miami leaders, including Earnest E. Seiler, later revived the idea with the "Palm Festival" (with the slogan "Have a Green Christmas in Miami"). [3]

Palm Festival Game

In 1932, George E. Hussey, official greeter of Miami, organized the first Festival of Palms Bowl, a predecessor of the Orange Bowl. With Miami suffering from both the Great Depression and the preceding Florida land bust, Hussey and other Miamians sought to help its economy by organizing a game similar to Pasadena's Rose Bowl.

Two games were played in this series at Moore Park in Miami, both pitting an invited opponent against a local team, the University of Miami. In the first game, played on January 2, 1933, Miami defeated Manhattan College 7–0. In the second game, played on New Year's Day 1934, Duquesne defeated Miami 33–7. Duquesne was coached by Elmer Layden, one of the Four Horsemen of Notre Dame.

These games are not recognized as bowl games by the NCAA because one team was guaranteed a berth regardless of record. However, following the success of these games, backers organized another game for New Year's Day 1935 under the Orange Bowl name. This game, unlike the Palm Festival Games, did not automatically grant a berth to one team, although the University of Miami was again a participant. For this reason, the 1935 Orange Bowl was later recognized by the NCAA as an official bowl game. [4]

Modern game

The Orange Bowl was played at Miami Field [5] (located where Miami Orange Bowl was later built) from 1935 to 1937, the Miami Orange Bowl from 1938 to 1996, and again in 1999, and was moved to its current site, Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, in December 1996. The game was played back at the namesake stadium in 1999 (which would be the final bowl game ever in the Miami Orange Bowl) because the game was played on the same day the Miami Dolphins hosted an NFL Wild Card Playoff game. Coincidentally, both of those games were aired on ABC.

On January 1, 1965, the Texas vs. Alabama Orange Bowl was the first college bowl game to be televised live in prime time. [6]

Orange Bowl trophy 2008 Orange Bowl Trophy.jpg
Orange Bowl trophy
President John F. Kennedy (lower center) at the Orange Bowl, 1963 John F. Kennedy at the Orange Bowl (1963).jpg
President John F. Kennedy (lower center) at the Orange Bowl, 1963

From 1968, the game usually featured the champion of the former Big Eight Conference. When the Big Eight Conference absorbed four members of the defunct Southwest Conference in 1996, the newly formed Big 12 Conference moved its conference champion tie-in to the Fiesta Bowl. Since 1998, however, with the creation of the Bowl Championship Series system, team selection for the Orange Bowl is now tied into the other three BCS Bowls.

From 1998 to 2005, the game hosted the champion of either the ACC or Big East conferences, unless they were invited to the National Championship game, or if the Orange Bowl itself was hosting the national championship matchup.

Starting with the 2006 season, the Orange Bowl has been exclusively tied with the ACC and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion. As one of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) bowl games, the site of the Orange Bowl also hosted the national championship game one week after the Orange Bowl game; it did so on a four-year rotating basis with the other three BCS games (the others being the Sugar, Fiesta, and Rose Bowls). The tie-in with the ACC continued with the inception of the College Football Playoff after the 2014 season. It hosts the ACC champion in the years that it is not a national semifinal, unless the ACC champion is selected for the College Football Playoff.

King Orange Jamboree Parade

From 1936 to 2001 (except for the World War II years), the Orange Bowl Committee also sponsored a parade. In its heyday, the parade was a nighttime New Year's Eve tradition, televised nationally with lighted floats and displays going down part of Biscayne Boulevard in downtown Miami to crowds as high as 500,000 people in the 1970s. However ratings dropped and the national television contract was lost in 1997, causing the parade to quickly become a shell of its former self since there were no sponsors for the elaborate floats. Attendance dwindled as well; by the turn of the millennium, the parade was lucky to draw 20,000 people. As a result, the committee chose to bring this tradition to an end in early 2002. [7]

The very first King Orange Jamboree Parade was held the day before the 1936 game with 30 floats at an expense of $40,000 ($653,933 in 2012 dollars [8] ). [9] Babs Beckwith was chosen as the first Orange Bowl queen. [9] [10]

Conference tie-ins

The Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) is locked into a 12-year deal (2014–2025) with the Orange Bowl, so if the ACC champion qualifies for the playoffs in a year when the Orange Bowl is not a semifinal host, the next-highest ranked ACC team will play in the Orange Bowl. For the secondary tie-ins, the Southeastern Conference (SEC) and the Big Ten Conference are guaranteed three appearances each, and the University of Notre Dame can play in a maximum of two games, but is not guaranteed any appearances. The ACC team's opponent in a given year will be the highest-ranked available team from the SEC, Big Ten, and Notre Dame, subject to several constraints: the SEC and Big Ten champions are always excluded, and when an SEC and/or Big Ten team qualifies for the College Football Playoff, the next available team would also be excluded from participating in the Orange Bowl due to contractual obligations with the Sugar Bowl and Rose Bowl, respectively. Also, should a highest-ranked team create a rematch with the ACC team, the Orange Bowl has the option of passing over that team for the next-highest ranked team among the Big Ten, SEC, and Notre Dame, again subject to the noted constraints. Rankings are based on the College Football Playoff committee's rankings. ESPN holds the television rights for 12 years as well. [11]

Game results

Rankings are based on the AP Poll prior to the game being played.

Date playedWinning teamLosing teamVenueAttendanceNotes
January 1, 1935 Bucknell 26 Miami (Florida) 0 Miami Field  5,134 notes
January 1, 1936 Catholic 20 Mississippi 19 6,568 notes
January 1, 1937#14 Duquesne 13 Mississippi State 12 9,210 notes
January 1, 1938 Auburn 6 Michigan State 0 Miami Orange Bowl 18,972 notes
January 2, 1939#2 Tennessee 17#4 Oklahoma 032,191 notes
January 1, 1940#16 Georgia Tech 21#6 Missouri 729,278 notes
January 1, 1941#9 Mississippi State 14#13 Georgetown 729,554 notes
January 1, 1942#14 Georgia 40 TCU 2635,786 notes
January 1, 1943#10 Alabama 37#8 Boston College 2125,166 notes
January 1, 1944 LSU 19 Texas A&M 1425,203 notes
January 1, 1945 Tulsa 26#13 Georgia Tech 1223,279 notes
January 1, 1946 Miami (Florida) 13#16 Holy Cross 635,709 notes
January 1, 1947#10 Rice 8#7 Tennessee 036,152 notes
January 1, 1948#10 Georgia Tech 20#12 Kansas 1459,578 notes
January 1, 1949 Texas 41#8 Georgia 2860,523 notes
January 2, 1950#15 Santa Clara 21#11 Kentucky 1364,816 notes
January 1, 1951#10 Clemson 15#15 Miami (Florida) 1465,181 notes
January 1, 1952#6 Georgia Tech 17#9 Baylor 1465,839 notes
January 1, 1953#9 Alabama 61#14 Syracuse 666,280 notes
January 1, 1954#4 Oklahoma 7#1 Maryland 068,640 notes
January 1, 1955#14 Duke 34 Nebraska 768,750 notes
January 2, 1956#1 Oklahoma 20#3 Maryland 676,561 notes
January 1, 1957#20 Colorado 27#19 Clemson 2173,280 notes
January 1, 1958#4 Oklahoma 48#16 Duke 2176,561 notes
January 1, 1959#5 Oklahoma 21#9 Syracuse 675,281 notes
January 1, 1960#5 Georgia 14#18 Missouri 072,186 notes
January 2, 1961#5 Missouri 21#4 Navy 1472,212 notes
January 1, 1962#4 LSU 25#7 Colorado 768,150 notes
January 1, 1963#5 Alabama 17#8 Oklahoma 072,880 notes
January 1, 1964#6 Nebraska 13#5 Auburn 772,647 notes
January 1, 1965#5 Texas 21#1 Alabama 1772,647 notes
January 1, 1966#4 Alabama 39#3 Nebraska 2872,214 notes
January 2, 1967 Florida 27#8 Georgia Tech 1272,426 notes
January 1, 1968#3 Oklahoma 26#2 Tennessee 2477,993 notes
January 1, 1969#3 Penn State 15#6 Kansas 1477,719 notes
January 1, 1970#2 Penn State 10#6 Missouri 377,282 notes
January 1, 1971#3 Nebraska 17#5 LSU 1280,699 notes
January 1, 1972#1 Nebraska 38#2 Alabama 678,151 notes
January 1, 1973#9 Nebraska 40#12 Notre Dame 680,010 notes
January 1, 1974#6 Penn State 16#13 LSU 960,477 notes
January 1, 1975#9 Notre Dame 13#2 Alabama 1171,801 notes
January 1, 1976#3 Oklahoma 14#5 Michigan 676,799 notes
January 1, 1977#11 Ohio State 27#12 Colorado 1065,537 notes
January 2, 1978#6 Arkansas 31#2 Oklahoma 660,987 notes
January 1, 1979#4 Oklahoma 31#6 Nebraska 2466,365 notes
January 1, 1980#5 Oklahoma 24#4 Florida State 766,714 notes
January 1, 1981#4 Oklahoma 18#2 Florida State 1771,043 notes
January 1, 1982#1 Clemson 22#4 Nebraska 1572,748 notes
January 1, 1983#3 Nebraska 21#13 LSU 2068,713 notes
January 2, 1984#5 Miami (Florida) 31#1 Nebraska 3072,549 notes
January 1, 1985#4 Washington 28#2 Oklahoma 1756,294 notes
January 1, 1986#3 Oklahoma 25#1 Penn State 1074,178 notes
January 1, 1987#3 Oklahoma 42#9 Arkansas 852,717 notes
January 1, 1988#2 Miami (Florida) 20#1 Oklahoma 1474,760 notes
January 2, 1989#2 Miami (Florida) 23#6 Nebraska 379,480 notes
January 1, 1990#4 Notre Dame 21#1 Colorado 681,190 notes
January 1, 1991#1 Colorado 10#5 Notre Dame 977,062 notes
January 1, 1992#1 Miami (Florida) 22#11 Nebraska 077,747 notes
January 1, 1993#3 Florida State 27#11 Nebraska 1457,324 notes
January 1, 1994 BC #1 Florida State 18#2 Nebraska 1681,536 notes
January 1, 1995 BC #1 Nebraska 24#3 Miami (Florida) 1781,753 notes
January 1, 1996#6 Florida State 31#8 Notre Dame 2672,198 notes
December 31, 1996#6 Nebraska 41#10 Virginia Tech 21 Pro Player Stadium @ 63,297 notes
January 2, 1998 BA #2 Nebraska 42#3 Tennessee 1774,002 notes
January 2, 1999#7 Florida 31#18 Syracuse 10 Miami Orange Bowl Dagger-14-plain.png67,919 notes
January 1, 2000#8 Michigan 35#5 Alabama 34 Pro Player Stadium @ 70,461 notes
January 3, 2001 BCS #1 Oklahoma 13#3 Florida State 276,835 notes
January 2, 2002#5 Florida 56#6 Maryland 2373,640 notes
January 2, 2003#5 USC 38#3 Iowa 1775,971 notes
January 1, 2004#10 Miami (Florida) 16#9 Florida State 1476,739 notes
January 4, 2005 BCS #1 USC Dagger-14-plain.pngDagger-14-plain.png55#2 Oklahoma 1977,912 notes
January 3, 2006#3 Penn State 26#22 Florida State 23 Dolphins Stadium @ 77,773 notes
January 2, 2007#5 Louisville 24#15 Wake Forest 13 Dolphin Stadium @ 74,470 notes
January 3, 2008#8 Kansas 24#5 Virginia Tech 2174,111 notes
January 1, 2009#21 Virginia Tech 20#12 Cincinnati 773,602 notes
January 5, 2010#10 Iowa 24#9 Georgia Tech 14 Land Shark Stadium @ 66,131 notes
January 3, 2011#5 Stanford 40#12 Virginia Tech 12 Sun Life Stadium @ 65,453 notes
January 4, 2012#17 West Virginia 70#22 Clemson 3367,563 notes
January 1, 2013#13 Florida State 31#16 Northern Illinois 1072,073 notes
January 3, 2014#12 Clemson 40#7 Ohio State 3572,080 notes
December 31, 2014#10 Georgia Tech 49#8 Mississippi State 3458,211 notes
December 31, 2015 CFP #1 Clemson 37#4 Oklahoma 1767,615 notes
December 30, 2016#10 Florida State 33#6 Michigan 32 Hard Rock Stadium 67,432 notes
December 30, 2017#6 Wisconsin 34#11 Miami (Florida) 2465,326 notes
December 29, 2018 CFP #1 Alabama 45#4 Oklahoma 3466,203 notes
December 30, 2019#6 Florida 36 Virginia 2865,157 notes
January 2, 2021#5 Texas A&M 41#14 North Carolina 2713,737 notes

Source: [12]

^BC Denotes Bowl Coalition Championship Game
^BA Denotes Bowl Alliance Championship Game
^BCS Denotes BCS National Championship Game
^CFP Denotes College Football Playoff semifinal game
^@ Denotes a historical name for what is now Hard Rock Stadium
Dagger-14-plain.png Due to an NFL scheduling conflict, the 1999 game was played at the Miami Orange Bowl
Dagger-14-plain.pngDagger-14-plain.png USC vacated their 2005 victory due to NCAA sanctions

Future games

Future game dates [13] [14]
SeasonDateDay
2021Dagger-14-plain.pngDecember 31, 2021Friday
2022December 30, 2022Friday
2023December 30, 2023Saturday
2024Dagger-14-plain.pngDecember 28, 2024Saturday
2025December 30, 2025Tuesday

Dagger-14-plain.png denotes game is a College Football Playoff semifinal

MVPs

The bowl first named an MVP in 1965. From 1970 through 1998, two MVPs were named for each game. Since 1999, only a single MVP is named, except when the game is part of the College Football Playoff (such as 2015 and 2018), in which case both an offensive and defensive MVP are named. [15] :20–22

Most appearances

Updated through the January 2021 edition (87 games, 174 total appearances).

Teams with multiple appearances
Teams with a single appearance

Won (11): Bucknell, Catholic, Duquesne, Louisville, Rice, Santa Clara, Stanford, Tulsa, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin
Lost (14): Baylor, Boston College, Cincinnati, Georgetown, Holy Cross, Kentucky, Michigan State, Navy, North Carolina, Northern Illinois, Ole Miss, TCU, Virginia, Wake Forest

Appearances by conference

Updated through the January 2021 edition (87 games, 174 total appearances).

RankConferenceAppearancesRecordWin %# of
Teams
Teams
1 Big Eight 4220–22.4765
2 SEC 3720–17.54111
3 Independent 2813–15.46415
4 ACC 2711–16.40710
5 Big Ten 95–4.5565
6 (tie) Big East 84–4.5006
6 (tie) SWC 84–4.5006
8 Big 12 74–3.5713
9 Pac-12 44–01.0003
10 (tie) SoCon 11–01.0001 Clemson (1–0) [A 10]
10 (tie) MVC 11–01.0001 Tulsa (1–0)
10 (tie) MAC 10–1.0001 Northern Illinois (0–1)
10 (tie) SIAA 10–1.0001 Miami (FL) (0–1) [A 6]

Conferences that are defunct or not currently active in FBS appear in italics.
Big Eight records include results when the conference was known as the Big Six and Big Seven.
Pac-12 records include results when the conference was known as the Pacific-10.
Multiple teams have played in the bowl as members of different conferences at different times:

  1. 1 2 Oklahoma: Big Eight and Big 12
  2. 1 2 Nebraska: Big Eight and Big 12
  3. 1 2 Kansas: Big Eight and Big 12
  4. 1 2 3 Georgia Tech: SEC, independent, and ACC
  5. 1 2 Texas A&M: SWC and SEC
  6. 1 2 3 4 Miami (FL): SIAA, independent, Big East, and ACC
  7. 1 2 Penn State: independent and Big Ten
  8. 1 2 Florida State: independent and ACC
  9. 1 2 Syracuse: independent and Big East
  10. 1 2 Clemson: SoCon and ACC
  11. 1 2 Virginia Tech: Big East and ACC

Game records

TeamRecord, Team vs. OpponentYear
Most points scored (one team)70, West Virginia vs. Clemson2012
Most points scored (losing team)35, Ohio State vs. ClemsonJan. 2014
Most points scored (both teams)103, West Virginia (70) vs. Clemson (33)2012
Fewest points allowed0, 8 times, most recent:
Miami (FL) vs. Nebraska
 
1992
Largest margin of victory55, Alabama (61) vs. Syracuse (6)1953
Total yards605, Mississippi State vs. Georgia Tech2014
Rushing yards452, Georgia Tech vs. Mississippi State2014
Passing yards456, Florida vs. Maryland2002
First downs33, Mississippi State vs. Georgia Tech2014
Fewest yards allowed28, Bucknell vs. Miami1935
Fewest rushing yards allowed–8, Missouri vs. Navy1961
Fewest passing yards allowed0, shared by:
Holy Cross vs. Miami
Tennessee vs. Rice

1946
1947
IndividualRecord, Player, Team vs. OpponentYear
All-purpose yards280, Tavon Austin, West Virginia vs. Clemson
(123 receiving, 117 return, 40 rush)
2012
Touchdowns (all-purpose)4, shared by:
Tavon Austin, West Virginia vs. Clemson
Johnny Rodgers, Nebraska vs. Notre Dame

2012
1973
Rushing yards206, Ahman Green, Nebraska vs. Tennessee1998
Rushing touchdowns3, most recent:
Synjyn Days, Georgia Tech vs. Mississippi State
Justin Thomas, Georgia Tech vs. Mississippi State

2014
2014
Passing yards453, Dak Prescott, Mississippi State vs. Georgia Tech2014
Passing touchdowns6, Geno Smith, West Virginia vs. Clemson2012
Receiving yards227, Sammy Watkins, Clemson vs. Ohio State2014
Receiving touchdowns4, Tavon Austin, West Virginia vs. Clemson2012
Tackles31 (total), Lee Roy Jordan, Alabama vs. Oklahoma
13 (solo), most recently:
Brian Bosworth, Oklahoma vs. Penn State
1963
 
1986
Sacks4, Rusty Medearis, Miami vs. Nebraska1992
Interceptions3, Bud Hebert, Oklahoma vs. Florida State1980
Long PlaysRecord, Player, Team vs. OpponentYear
Touchdown run94, Larry Smith, Florida vs. Georgia Tech1967
Touchdown pass92, Nyqwan Murray from Deondre Francois, Florida State vs. Michigan2016
Kickoff return100, C. J. Jones, Iowa vs. USC2003
Punt return87, Willie Reid, Florida State vs. Penn State2006
Interception return94, David Baker, Oklahoma vs. Duke1958
Fumble return99, Darwin Cook, West Virginia vs. Clemson2012
Punt82, Ike Pickle, Mississippi State vs. Duquesne1937
Field goal56, Greg Cox, Miami vs. Oklahoma1988

Source: [15] :55–64

Sponsorship

The game was previously officially known as the Discover Orange Bowl, since Discover Financial was announced as title sponsor on August 26, 2010 as part of a new four-year agreement. [16] The game had been called the FedEx Orange Bowl from 1989 to 2010, as FedEx sponsored the event during that period. Starting with the 2010–11 season, ESPN carried the Orange Bowl, replacing Fox after four seasons. [17] ABC aired the game from 1999 to 2006, with CBS (1995–1998) and NBC (1964–1994) previously carrying the game.

Discover stated that they would not renew their sponsorship of the game further on June 9, 2014; the game will be a part of the College Football Playoff in the future, and CFP rightsholder ESPN has asked for higher sponsorship fees, in return. [18] On September 22, 2014, Capital One was announced as the new title sponsor of the Orange Bowl, transferring their bowl game sponsorship from the Citrus Bowl. [19] [20] Subsequently, the company's "Capital One Mascot Challenge" winner naming ceremony also moved to the Orange Bowl.

Broadcasting

ESPN is the current rightsholder of the Orange Bowl, a relationship that began in 2011 as part of the contract to broadcast the Bowl Championship Series games. In anticipation of the transition to the College Football Playoff in the 2014–15 season, ESPN reached a new deal with the game's organizers in November 2012 to extend its rights through 2026, paying $55 million yearly. [21] The game is also broadcast nationally by ESPN Radio.

Prior to that, Fox held the rights to the event (along with the other BCS bowls) since 2007, preceded by ABC (1999–2006 and 1962–64), CBS (1996–98 and 1953–61), and NBC (1965–95). This game, along with the Fiesta Bowl, is one of only two bowl games ever to air on all the "big 4" U.S. television networks. ESPN Deportes added a Spanish language telecast of the game in 2013. [22]

See also

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The 2013–14 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They concluded the 2013 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 35 team-competitive games and three all-star games. The games began on Saturday December 21, 2013 and, aside from the all-star games, ended with the 2014 BCS National Championship at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena that was played on January 6, 2014.

The 2014–15 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They completed the 2014 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 39 team-competitive games and four all-star games. The games began on December 20, 2014 and, aside from the all-star games, ended with the 2015 College Football Playoff National Championship which was played on January 12, 2015.

The 2014 Fiesta Bowl was a college football bowl game played on December 31, 2014, at University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. The 44th Fiesta Bowl was one of the New Year's Bowls of the College Football Playoff. It was one of the 2014–15 bowl games that conclude the 2014 FBS football season. The game was sponsored by the Vizio consumer electronics company and is officially known as the Vizio Fiesta Bowl.

The 2015–16 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They completed the 2015 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The games began on December 19, 2015 and, aside from the all-star games, ended with the 2016 College Football Playoff National Championship which was played on January 11, 2016.

The 2016–17 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games which completed the 2016 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The games began on December 17, 2016, and aside from the all-star games ended with the 2017 College Football Playoff National Championship which was played on January 9, 2017.

New Years Six

The New Year's Six, sometimes abbreviated as NY6, is an unofficial but commonly used term that refers to the top six major NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) bowl games: the Rose Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Peach Bowl, and Fiesta Bowl. These games are played annually on or around New Year's Day, and represent six of the ten oldest bowl games currently played at the FBS level.

References

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