|Capital One Orange Bowl|
|Stadium||Hard Rock Stadium|
|Location||Miami Gardens, Florida (December 1996–1998, 2000–present)|
|Previous stadiums|| Miami Field (1935–1937)|
Miami Orange Bowl (1938–January 1996, 1999)
|Previous locations||Miami, Florida (1935–January 1996, 1999)|
|Conference tie-ins|| ACC (1999–present)|
SEC/Big Ten/Notre Dame (December 2014–present)
|Previous conference tie-ins|| Big Eight (1976–January 1996)|
Big East (1999–2006)
|Payout||US$35 million/conference (As of 2009 [update] )|
Orange Bowl (1935–1988)
Federal Express/FedEx Orange Bowl (1989–2010)
Discover Orange Bowl (2011–January 2014)
|Virginia vs. Florida (Florida 36–28)|
|2020 season matchup|
| Texas A&M vs. North Carolina |
(Texas A&M 41–27)
The Orange Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played in the Miami metropolitan area. It has been played annually since January 1, 1935, making it, along with the Sugar Bowl and the Sun Bowl, the second-oldest bowl game in the country, behind the Rose Bowl (first played 1902, played annually since 1916). The Orange Bowl is one of the New Year's Six, the top bowl games for the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision.
The Orange Bowl was originally held in the city of Miami at Miami Field before moving to the Miami Orange Bowl stadium in 1938. In 1996, it moved to Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. Since December 2014, the game has been sponsored by Capital One and officially known as the Capital One Orange Bowl. Previous sponsors include Discover Financial (2011–January 2014) and Federal Express/FedEx (1989–2010).
In its early years, the Orange Bowl had no defined conference tie-ins; it often pitted a team from the southeastern part of the country against a team from the central or northeastern states. From the 1950s until the mid-1990s, the Orange Bowl had a strong relationship with the Big Eight Conference. The champion (or runner-up in years in which the “no-repeat” rule was invoked) was invited to the bowl game in most years during this time; the 1979 Orange Bowl even had two representatives from the Big Eight. Opponents of the Big Eight varied; but were often major independents, runners-up in the Southeastern Conference (SEC), or champions of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). Since 2007, the Orange Bowl has hosted the ACC champion—unless they are involved in the national championship playoff, in which case another high-ranking ACC team takes their place)—and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion.
In the 1990s, the Orange Bowl was a member of the Bowl Coalition, but kept its Big Eight tie-in. It was later a member of the Bowl Alliance. From 1998 to 2013, The Orange Bowl was a member of the now-defunct Bowl Championship Series (BCS). The Orange Bowl served as the BCS National Championship Game in 2001 and 2005. However, beginning with the 2006 season, the BCS National Championship Game became a stand-alone event, hosted by the local bowl organization about one week following the New Year's Day bowl games (including the Orange Bowl). Under that format, the Orange Bowl Committee hosted two separate games in both 2009 (the 2009 Orange Bowl on January 1 and the 2009 BCS National Championship Game on January 8) and in 2013 (the 2013 Orange Bowl on January 1 and the 2013 BCS National Championship Game on January 7) at all the same venue. The BCS ended after the 2013 season, being replaced by the current College Football Playoff (CFP). The Orange Bowl has served as one of six bowls in the CFP since the 2014 season. In the years that it is not a national semifinal, the Orange Bowl is hosted by the ACC champion if that team is not one of the four top seeds for the CFP. The Orange Bowl hosted a national semifinal following the 2015 and 2018 seasons.
In 1890, Pasadena, California held its first Tournament of Roses Parade to showcase the city's mild weather compared to the harsh winters in northern cities. As one of the organizers said: "In New York, people are buried in snow. Here, our flowers are blooming and our oranges are about to bear. Let's hold a festival to tell the world about our paradise." In 1902, the annual festival was enhanced by adding an American football game.
In 1926, leaders in Miami, Florida, decided to do the same with a "Fiesta of the American Tropics" that was centered around a New Year's Day football game. Although a second "Fiesta" was never held, Miami leaders, including Earnest E. Seiler, later revived the idea with the "Palm Festival" (with the slogan "Have a Green Christmas in Miami").
In 1932, George E. Hussey, official greeter of Miami, organized the first Festival of Palms Bowl, a predecessor of the Orange Bowl. With Miami suffering from both the Great Depression and the preceding Florida land bust, Hussey and other Miamians sought to help its economy by organizing a game similar to Pasadena's Rose Bowl.
Two games were played in this series at Moore Park in Miami, both pitting an invited opponent against a local team, the University of Miami. In the first game, played on January 2, 1933, Miami defeated Manhattan College 7–0. In the second game, played on New Year's Day 1934, Duquesne defeated Miami 33–7. Duquesne was coached by Elmer Layden, one of the Four Horsemen of Notre Dame.
These games are not recognized as bowl games by the NCAA because one team was guaranteed a berth regardless of record. However, following the success of these games, backers organized another game for New Year's Day 1935 under the Orange Bowl name. This game, unlike the Palm Festival Games, did not automatically grant a berth to one team, although the University of Miami was again a participant. For this reason, the 1935 Orange Bowl was later recognized by the NCAA as an official bowl game.
The Orange Bowl was played at Miami Field(located where Miami Orange Bowl was later built) from 1935 to 1937, the Miami Orange Bowl from 1938 to 1996, and again in 1999, and was moved to its current site, Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, in December 1996. The game was played back at the namesake stadium in 1999 (which would be the final bowl game ever in the Miami Orange Bowl) because the game was played on the same day the Miami Dolphins hosted an NFL Wild Card Playoff game. Coincidentally, both of those games were aired on ABC.
On January 1, 1965, the Texas vs. Alabama Orange Bowl was the first college bowl game to be televised live in prime time.
From 1968, the game usually featured the champion of the former Big Eight Conference. When the Big Eight Conference absorbed four members of the defunct Southwest Conference in 1996, the newly formed Big 12 Conference moved its conference champion tie-in to the Fiesta Bowl. Since 1998, however, with the creation of the Bowl Championship Series system, team selection for the Orange Bowl is now tied into the other three BCS Bowls.
From 1998 to 2005, the game hosted the champion of either the ACC or Big East conferences, unless they were invited to the National Championship game, or if the Orange Bowl itself was hosting the national championship matchup.
Starting with the 2006 season, the Orange Bowl has been exclusively tied with the ACC and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion. As one of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) bowl games, the site of the Orange Bowl also hosted the national championship game one week after the Orange Bowl game; it did so on a four-year rotating basis with the other three BCS games (the others being the Sugar, Fiesta, and Rose Bowls). The tie-in with the ACC continued with the inception of the College Football Playoff after the 2014 season. It hosts the ACC champion in the years that it is not a national semifinal, unless the ACC champion is selected for the College Football Playoff.
From 1936 to 2001 (except for the World War II years), the Orange Bowl Committee also sponsored a parade. In its heyday, the parade was a nighttime New Year's Eve tradition, televised nationally with lighted floats and displays going down part of Biscayne Boulevard in downtown Miami to crowds as high as 500,000 people in the 1970s. However ratings dropped and the national television contract was lost in 1997, causing the parade to quickly become a shell of its former self since there were no sponsors for the elaborate floats. Attendance dwindled as well; by the turn of the millennium, the parade was lucky to draw 20,000 people. As a result, the committee chose to bring this tradition to an end in early 2002.
The very first King Orange Jamboree Parade was held the day before the 1936 game with 30 floats at an expense of $40,000 ($653,933 in 2012 dollars). Babs Beckwith was chosen as the first Orange Bowl queen.
The Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) is locked into a 12-year deal (2014–2025) with the Orange Bowl, so if the ACC champion qualifies for the playoffs in a year when the Orange Bowl is not a semifinal host, the next-highest ranked ACC team will play in the Orange Bowl. For the secondary tie-ins, the Southeastern Conference (SEC) and the Big Ten Conference are guaranteed three appearances each, and the University of Notre Dame can play in a maximum of two games, but is not guaranteed any appearances. The ACC team's opponent in a given year will be the highest-ranked available team from the SEC, Big Ten, and Notre Dame, subject to several constraints: the SEC and Big Ten champions are always excluded, and when an SEC and/or Big Ten team qualifies for the College Football Playoff, the next available team would also be excluded from participating in the Orange Bowl due to contractual obligations with the Sugar Bowl and Rose Bowl, respectively. Also, should a highest-ranked team create a rematch with the ACC team, the Orange Bowl has the option of passing over that team for the next-highest ranked team among the Big Ten, SEC, and Notre Dame, again subject to the noted constraints. Rankings are based on the College Football Playoff committee's rankings. ESPN holds the television rights for 12 years as well.
Rankings are based on the AP Poll prior to the game being played.
|Date played||Winning team||Losing team||Venue||Attendance||Notes|
|January 1, 1935||Bucknell||26||Miami (Florida)||0||Miami Field||5,134||notes|
|January 1, 1936||Catholic||20||Mississippi||19||6,568||notes|
|January 1, 1937||#14 Duquesne||13||Mississippi State||12||9,210||notes|
|January 1, 1938||Auburn||6||Michigan State||0||Miami Orange Bowl||18,972||notes|
|January 2, 1939||#2 Tennessee||17||#4 Oklahoma||0||32,191||notes|
|January 1, 1940||#16 Georgia Tech||21||#6 Missouri||7||29,278||notes|
|January 1, 1941||#9 Mississippi State||14||#13 Georgetown||7||29,554||notes|
|January 1, 1942||#14 Georgia||40||TCU||26||35,786||notes|
|January 1, 1943||#10 Alabama||37||#8 Boston College||21||25,166||notes|
|January 1, 1944||LSU||19||Texas A&M||14||25,203||notes|
|January 1, 1945||Tulsa||26||#13 Georgia Tech||12||23,279||notes|
|January 1, 1946||Miami (Florida)||13||#16 Holy Cross||6||35,709||notes|
|January 1, 1947||#10 Rice||8||#7 Tennessee||0||36,152||notes|
|January 1, 1948||#10 Georgia Tech||20||#12 Kansas||14||59,578||notes|
|January 1, 1949||Texas||41||#8 Georgia||28||60,523||notes|
|January 2, 1950||#15 Santa Clara||21||#11 Kentucky||13||64,816||notes|
|January 1, 1951||#10 Clemson||15||#15 Miami (Florida)||14||65,181||notes|
|January 1, 1952||#6 Georgia Tech||17||#9 Baylor||14||65,839||notes|
|January 1, 1953||#9 Alabama||61||#14 Syracuse||6||66,280||notes|
|January 1, 1954||#4 Oklahoma||7||#1 Maryland||0||68,640||notes|
|January 1, 1955||#14 Duke||34||Nebraska||7||68,750||notes|
|January 2, 1956||#1 Oklahoma||20||#3 Maryland||6||76,561||notes|
|January 1, 1957||#20 Colorado||27||#19 Clemson||21||73,280||notes|
|January 1, 1958||#4 Oklahoma||48||#16 Duke||21||76,561||notes|
|January 1, 1959||#5 Oklahoma||21||#9 Syracuse||6||75,281||notes|
|January 1, 1960||#5 Georgia||14||#18 Missouri||0||72,186||notes|
|January 2, 1961||#5 Missouri||21||#4 Navy||14||72,212||notes|
|January 1, 1962||#4 LSU||25||#7 Colorado||7||68,150||notes|
|January 1, 1963||#5 Alabama||17||#8 Oklahoma||0||72,880||notes|
|January 1, 1964||#6 Nebraska||13||#5 Auburn||7||72,647||notes|
|January 1, 1965||#5 Texas||21||#1 Alabama||17||72,647||notes|
|January 1, 1966||#4 Alabama||39||#3 Nebraska||28||72,214||notes|
|January 2, 1967||Florida||27||#8 Georgia Tech||12||72,426||notes|
|January 1, 1968||#3 Oklahoma||26||#2 Tennessee||24||77,993||notes|
|January 1, 1969||#3 Penn State||15||#6 Kansas||14||77,719||notes|
|January 1, 1970||#2 Penn State||10||#6 Missouri||3||77,282||notes|
|January 1, 1971||#3 Nebraska||17||#5 LSU||12||80,699||notes|
|January 1, 1972||#1 Nebraska||38||#2 Alabama||6||78,151||notes|
|January 1, 1973||#9 Nebraska||40||#12 Notre Dame||6||80,010||notes|
|January 1, 1974||#6 Penn State||16||#13 LSU||9||60,477||notes|
|January 1, 1975||#9 Notre Dame||13||#2 Alabama||11||71,801||notes|
|January 1, 1976||#3 Oklahoma||14||#5 Michigan||6||76,799||notes|
|January 1, 1977||#11 Ohio State||27||#12 Colorado||10||65,537||notes|
|January 2, 1978||#6 Arkansas||31||#2 Oklahoma||6||60,987||notes|
|January 1, 1979||#4 Oklahoma||31||#6 Nebraska||24||66,365||notes|
|January 1, 1980||#5 Oklahoma||24||#4 Florida State||7||66,714||notes|
|January 1, 1981||#4 Oklahoma||18||#2 Florida State||17||71,043||notes|
|January 1, 1982||#1 Clemson||22||#4 Nebraska||15||72,748||notes|
|January 1, 1983||#3 Nebraska||21||#13 LSU||20||68,713||notes|
|January 2, 1984||#5 Miami (Florida)||31||#1 Nebraska||30||72,549||notes|
|January 1, 1985||#4 Washington||28||#2 Oklahoma||17||56,294||notes|
|January 1, 1986||#3 Oklahoma||25||#1 Penn State||10||74,178||notes|
|January 1, 1987||#3 Oklahoma||42||#9 Arkansas||8||52,717||notes|
|January 1, 1988||#2 Miami (Florida)||20||#1 Oklahoma||14||74,760||notes|
|January 2, 1989||#2 Miami (Florida)||23||#6 Nebraska||3||79,480||notes|
|January 1, 1990||#4 Notre Dame||21||#1 Colorado||6||81,190||notes|
|January 1, 1991||#1 Colorado||10||#5 Notre Dame||9||77,062||notes|
|January 1, 1992||#1 Miami (Florida)||22||#11 Nebraska||0||77,747||notes|
|January 1, 1993||#3 Florida State||27||#11 Nebraska||14||57,324||notes|
|January 1, 1994 BC||#1 Florida State||18||#2 Nebraska||16||81,536||notes|
|January 1, 1995 BC||#1 Nebraska||24||#3 Miami (Florida)||17||81,753||notes|
|January 1, 1996||#6 Florida State||31||#8 Notre Dame||26||72,198||notes|
|December 31, 1996||#6 Nebraska||41||#10 Virginia Tech||21||Pro Player Stadium @||63,297||notes|
|January 2, 1998 BA||#2 Nebraska||42||#3 Tennessee||17||74,002||notes|
|January 2, 1999||#7 Florida||31||#18 Syracuse||10||Miami Orange Bowl||67,919||notes|
|January 1, 2000||#8 Michigan||35||#5 Alabama||34||Pro Player Stadium @||70,461||notes|
|January 3, 2001 BCS||#1 Oklahoma||13||#3 Florida State||2||76,835||notes|
|January 2, 2002||#5 Florida||56||#6 Maryland||23||73,640||notes|
|January 2, 2003||#5 USC||38||#3 Iowa||17||75,971||notes|
|January 1, 2004||#10 Miami (Florida)||16||#9 Florida State||14||76,739||notes|
|January 4, 2005 BCS||#1 USC||55||#2 Oklahoma||19||77,912||notes|
|January 3, 2006||#3 Penn State||26||#22 Florida State||23||Dolphins Stadium @||77,773||notes|
|January 2, 2007||#5 Louisville||24||#15 Wake Forest||13||Dolphin Stadium @||74,470||notes|
|January 3, 2008||#8 Kansas||24||#5 Virginia Tech||21||74,111||notes|
|January 1, 2009||#21 Virginia Tech||20||#12 Cincinnati||7||73,602||notes|
|January 5, 2010||#10 Iowa||24||#9 Georgia Tech||14||Land Shark Stadium @||66,131||notes|
|January 3, 2011||#5 Stanford||40||#12 Virginia Tech||12||Sun Life Stadium @||65,453||notes|
|January 4, 2012||#17 West Virginia||70||#22 Clemson||33||67,563||notes|
|January 1, 2013||#13 Florida State||31||#16 Northern Illinois||10||72,073||notes|
|January 3, 2014||#12 Clemson||40||#7 Ohio State||35||72,080||notes|
|December 31, 2014||#10 Georgia Tech||49||#8 Mississippi State||34||58,211||notes|
|December 31, 2015 CFP||#1 Clemson||37||#4 Oklahoma||17||67,615||notes|
|December 30, 2016||#10 Florida State||33||#6 Michigan||32||Hard Rock Stadium||67,432||notes|
|December 30, 2017||#6 Wisconsin||34||#11 Miami (Florida)||24||65,326||notes|
|December 29, 2018 CFP||#1 Alabama||45||#4 Oklahoma||34||66,203||notes|
|December 30, 2019||#6 Florida||36||Virginia||28||65,157||notes|
|January 2, 2021||#5 Texas A&M||41||#14 North Carolina||27||13,737||notes|
|2021||December 31, 2021||Friday|
|2022||December 30, 2022||Friday|
|2023||December 30, 2023||Saturday|
|2024||December 28, 2024||Saturday|
|2025||December 30, 2025||Tuesday|
denotes game is a College Football Playoff semifinal
The bowl first named an MVP in 1965. From 1970 through 1998, two MVPs were named for each game. Since 1999, only a single MVP is named, except when the game is part of the College Football Playoff (such as 2015 and 2018), in which case both an offensive and defensive MVP are named. 20–22:
Updated through the January 2021 edition (87 games, 174 total appearances).
Won (11): Bucknell, Catholic, Duquesne, Louisville, Rice, Santa Clara, Stanford, Tulsa, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin
Lost (14): Baylor, Boston College, Cincinnati, Georgetown, Holy Cross, Kentucky, Michigan State, Navy, North Carolina, Northern Illinois, Ole Miss, TCU, Virginia, Wake Forest
Updated through the January 2021 edition (87 games, 174 total appearances).
|Rank||Conference||Appearances||Record||Win %||# of|
|6 (tie)||Big East||8||4–4||.500||6|
|10 (tie)||SoCon||1||1–0||1.000||1||Clemson (1–0)|
|10 (tie)||MVC||1||1–0||1.000||1||Tulsa (1–0)|
|10 (tie)||MAC||1||0–1||.000||1||Northern Illinois (0–1)|
|10 (tie)||SIAA||1||0–1||.000||1||Miami (FL) (0–1)|
Conferences that are defunct or not currently active in FBS appear in italics.
Big Eight records include results when the conference was known as the Big Six and Big Seven.
Pac-12 records include results when the conference was known as the Pacific-10.
Multiple teams have played in the bowl as members of different conferences at different times:
|Team||Record, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|Most points scored (one team)||70, West Virginia vs. Clemson||2012|
|Most points scored (losing team)||35, Ohio State vs. Clemson||Jan. 2014|
|Most points scored (both teams)||103, West Virginia (70) vs. Clemson (33)||2012|
|Fewest points allowed||0, 8 times, most recent:|
Miami (FL) vs. Nebraska
|Largest margin of victory||55, Alabama (61) vs. Syracuse (6)||1953|
|Total yards||605, Mississippi State vs. Georgia Tech||2014|
|Rushing yards||452, Georgia Tech vs. Mississippi State||2014|
|Passing yards||456, Florida vs. Maryland||2002|
|First downs||33, Mississippi State vs. Georgia Tech||2014|
|Fewest yards allowed||28, Bucknell vs. Miami||1935|
|Fewest rushing yards allowed||–8, Missouri vs. Navy||1961|
|Fewest passing yards allowed||0, shared by:|
Holy Cross vs. Miami
Tennessee vs. Rice
|Individual||Record, Player, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|All-purpose yards||280, Tavon Austin, West Virginia vs. Clemson|
(123 receiving, 117 return, 40 rush)
|Touchdowns (all-purpose)||4, shared by:|
Tavon Austin, West Virginia vs. Clemson
Johnny Rodgers, Nebraska vs. Notre Dame
|Rushing yards||206, Ahman Green, Nebraska vs. Tennessee||1998|
|Rushing touchdowns||3, most recent:|
Synjyn Days, Georgia Tech vs. Mississippi State
Justin Thomas, Georgia Tech vs. Mississippi State
|Passing yards||453, Dak Prescott, Mississippi State vs. Georgia Tech||2014|
|Passing touchdowns||6, Geno Smith, West Virginia vs. Clemson||2012|
|Receiving yards||227, Sammy Watkins, Clemson vs. Ohio State||2014|
|Receiving touchdowns||4, Tavon Austin, West Virginia vs. Clemson||2012|
|Tackles||31 (total), Lee Roy Jordan, Alabama vs. Oklahoma|
13 (solo), most recently:
Brian Bosworth, Oklahoma vs. Penn State
|Sacks||4, Rusty Medearis, Miami vs. Nebraska||1992|
|Interceptions||3, Bud Hebert, Oklahoma vs. Florida State||1980|
|Long Plays||Record, Player, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|Touchdown run||94, Larry Smith, Florida vs. Georgia Tech||1967|
|Touchdown pass||92, Nyqwan Murray from Deondre Francois, Florida State vs. Michigan||2016|
|Kickoff return||100, C. J. Jones, Iowa vs. USC||2003|
|Punt return||87, Willie Reid, Florida State vs. Penn State||2006|
|Interception return||94, David Baker, Oklahoma vs. Duke||1958|
|Fumble return||99, Darwin Cook, West Virginia vs. Clemson||2012|
|Punt||82, Ike Pickle, Mississippi State vs. Duquesne||1937|
|Field goal||56, Greg Cox, Miami vs. Oklahoma||1988|
The game was previously officially known as the Discover Orange Bowl, since Discover Financial was announced as title sponsor on August 26, 2010 as part of a new four-year agreement.The game had been called the FedEx Orange Bowl from 1989 to 2010, as FedEx sponsored the event during that period. Starting with the 2010–11 season, ESPN carried the Orange Bowl, replacing Fox after four seasons. ABC aired the game from 1999 to 2006, with CBS (1995–1998) and NBC (1964–1994) previously carrying the game.
Discover stated that they would not renew their sponsorship of the game further on June 9, 2014; the game will be a part of the College Football Playoff in the future, and CFP rightsholder ESPN has asked for higher sponsorship fees, in return.On September 22, 2014, Capital One was announced as the new title sponsor of the Orange Bowl, transferring their bowl game sponsorship from the Citrus Bowl. Subsequently, the company's "Capital One Mascot Challenge" winner naming ceremony also moved to the Orange Bowl.
ESPN is the current rightsholder of the Orange Bowl, a relationship that began in 2011 as part of the contract to broadcast the Bowl Championship Series games. In anticipation of the transition to the College Football Playoff in the 2014–15 season, ESPN reached a new deal with the game's organizers in November 2012 to extend its rights through 2026, paying $55 million yearly.The game is also broadcast nationally by ESPN Radio.
Prior to that, Fox held the rights to the event (along with the other BCS bowls) since 2007, preceded by ABC (1999–2006 and 1962–64), CBS (1996–98 and 1953–61), and NBC (1965–95). This game, along with the Fiesta Bowl, is one of only two bowl games ever to air on all the "big 4" U.S. television networks. ESPN Deportes added a Spanish language telecast of the game in 2013.
The Fiesta Bowl is an American college football bowl game played annually in the Phoenix metropolitan area. From its beginning in 1971 through 2006, the game was hosted at the Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona. Since 2007, the game has been played at the State Farm Stadium in Glendale, Arizona.
The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 at the Rose Bowl in the Los Angeles suburb of Pasadena, California. When New Year's Day falls on a Sunday, the game is played on Monday, January 2. The Rose Bowl Game is nicknamed "The Granddaddy of Them All" because it is the oldest currently operating bowl game. It was first played in 1902 as the Tournament East–West football game, and has been played annually since 1916. Since 1945, it has been the highest attended college football bowl game. It is a part of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association's "America's New Year Celebration", which also includes the historic Rose Parade.
The Sugar Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played in New Orleans, Louisiana. Played annually since January 1, 1935, it is tied with the Orange Bowl and Sun Bowl as the second-oldest bowl games in the country, surpassed only by the Rose Bowl Game.
The Citrus Bowl is an annual college football bowl game played at Camping World Stadium in Orlando, Florida. The bowl is operated by Florida Citrus Sports, a non-profit group that also organizes the Cheez-It Bowl and Florida Classic.
The Peach Bowl is an annual college football bowl game played in Atlanta, Georgia since December 1968. Since 1997, it has been sponsored by Chick-fil-A and is officially known as the Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl. From 2006 to 2013, it was officially referred to as simply the Chick-fil-A Bowl.
The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system that created five bowl game match-ups involving ten of the top ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of American college football, including an opportunity for the top two teams to compete in the BCS National Championship Game. The system was in place for the 1998 through 2013 seasons and in 2014 was replaced by the College Football Playoff.
The Bowl Coalition was formed through an agreement among Division I-A college football bowl games and conferences for the purpose of forcing a national championship game between the top two teams and to provide quality bowl game matchups for the champions of its member conferences. It was established for the 1992 season after there were co-national champions for both 1990 and 1991. The agreement was in place for the 1992, 1993, and 1994 college football seasons. It was the predecessor of the Bowl Alliance (1995–1997), and later the Bowl Championship Series (1998–2013) and the College Football Playoff.
The BCS National Championship Game, or BCS National Championship, was a postseason college football bowl game, used to determine a national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), first played in the 1998 college football season as one of four designated bowl games, and beginning in the 2006 season as a standalone event rotated among the host sites of the aforementioned bowls.
The Power Five conferences are five athletic conferences which are considered to be the elite in college football in the United States. They are part of the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of NCAA Division I, the highest level of collegiate football in the nation. The conferences are the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), Big Ten Conference, Big 12 Conference, Pac-12 Conference, and Southeastern Conference (SEC). The term Power Five is not defined by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), and the origin of the term is unknown. It has been used in its current meaning since at least 2006. The term is also occasionally used in other college sports, although in many non-football sports, most notably basketball, anywhere from six to eight conferences may be considered "high-major".
The SEC Championship Game is an annual American football game that has determined the Southeastern Conference's season champion since 1992. The championship game pits the SEC East Division regular season champion against the West Division regular season champion. Since 2007, the game has typically been played on the first Saturday of December, and the game has been held in Atlanta since 1994, first at the Georgia Dome, and at Mercedes-Benz Stadium since 2017.
The teams that participate in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I Football Bowl Subdivision earn the right to compete in a series of post-season games called bowl games. As of 2017, there are 40 bowl games, and all are contractually obligated to offer bids to specific conferences, a situation known as a "tie-in". The "top" six bowl games in the nation select their teams as part of the College Football Playoff (CFP), which was put into place for a minimum of 12 years, beginning with the 2014 season. Prior to 2014, the top five games in the country were chosen under the system known as the Bowl Championship Series. The bowls outside of the CFP have individual contracts with the conferences to offer preferential bids to teams from those conferences. As long as teams are bowl eligible, they may be selected by these bowls to meet these contracts.
The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system designed, through polls and computer statistics, to determine a No. 1 and No. 2 ranked team in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). After the final polls, the two top teams were chosen to play in the BCS National Championship Game which determined the BCS national champion team, but not the champion team for independent voting systems. This format was intended to be "bowl-centered" rather than a traditional playoff system, since numerous FBS Conferences have expressed their unwillingness to participate in a play-off system. However, due to the unique and often esoteric nature of the BCS format, there had been controversy as to which two teams should play for the national championship and which teams should play in the four other BCS bowl games. In this selection process, the BCS was often criticized for conference favoritism, its inequality of access for teams in non-Automatic Qualifying (non-AQ) Conferences, and perceived monopolistic, "profit-centered" motives. In terms of this last concern, Congress has explored the possibility on more than one occasion of holding hearings to determine the legality of the BCS under the terms of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, and the United States Justice Department has also periodically announced interest in investigating the BCS for similar reasons.
The 2012–13 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They concluded the 2012 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 35 team-competitive games and four all-star games. The games began on Saturday December 15, 2012 and, aside from the all-star games, concluded with the 2013 BCS National Championship Game in Miami Gardens, Florida that was played on January 7, 2013.
The College Football Playoff (CFP) is an annual postseason knockout invitational tournament to determine a national champion for the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), the highest level of college football competition in the United States. Four teams play in two semifinal games, and the winner of each semifinal advances to the College Football Playoff National Championship game.
The 2013–14 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They concluded the 2013 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 35 team-competitive games and three all-star games. The games began on Saturday December 21, 2013 and, aside from the all-star games, ended with the 2014 BCS National Championship at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena that was played on January 6, 2014.
The 2014–15 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They completed the 2014 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 39 team-competitive games and four all-star games. The games began on December 20, 2014 and, aside from the all-star games, ended with the 2015 College Football Playoff National Championship which was played on January 12, 2015.
The 2014 Fiesta Bowl was a college football bowl game played on December 31, 2014, at University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. The 44th Fiesta Bowl was one of the New Year's Bowls of the College Football Playoff. It was one of the 2014–15 bowl games that conclude the 2014 FBS football season. The game was sponsored by the Vizio consumer electronics company and is officially known as the Vizio Fiesta Bowl.
The 2015–16 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They completed the 2015 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The games began on December 19, 2015 and, aside from the all-star games, ended with the 2016 College Football Playoff National Championship which was played on January 11, 2016.
The 2016–17 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games which completed the 2016 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The games began on December 17, 2016, and aside from the all-star games ended with the 2017 College Football Playoff National Championship which was played on January 9, 2017.
The New Year's Six, sometimes abbreviated as NY6, is an unofficial but commonly used term that refers to the top six major NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) bowl games: the Rose Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Peach Bowl, and Fiesta Bowl. These games are played annually on or around New Year's Day, and represent six of the ten oldest bowl games currently played at the FBS level.
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