|PlayStation Fiesta Bowl|
|Stadium||State Farm Stadium|
|Previous stadiums||Sun Devil Stadium (1971–2006)|
|Previous locations||Tempe, Arizona (1971–2006)|
|Previous conference tie-ins|
|Payout||US$17 million (As of 2009 [update] )|
Fiesta Bowl (1971–1985, 1991–1992)
Sunkist Fiesta Bowl (1986–1990)
IBM OS/2 Fiesta Bowl (1993–1995)
Tostitos Fiesta Bowl (1996–January 2014)
Vizio Fiesta Bowl (December 2014)
BattleFrog Fiesta Bowl (January 2016)
|2019 season matchup|
|Ohio State vs. Clemson (Clemson 29–23)|
|2020 season matchup|
|Oregon vs. Iowa State (Iowa State 34–17)|
The Fiesta Bowl is an American college football bowl game played annually in the Phoenix metropolitan area. From its beginning in 1971 through 2006, the game was hosted at the Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona. Since 2007, the game has been played at the State Farm Stadium in Glendale, Arizona.
Since December 2016, it has been sponsored by PlayStation and officially known as the PlayStation Fiesta Bowl.Previous sponsors include BattleFrog (January 2016), Vizio (December 2014), Tostitos (1996–January 2014), IBM (1993–1995) and Sunkist (1986–1990).
Beginning in 1992, the Fiesta Bowl has been part of some organization of bowls designed to determine an undisputed national champion. In 1992, it was named as one of the Bowl Coalition games, but the bowl was never used to determine the champion. In 1995, the organizers of the Fiesta Bowl joined with the Sugar Bowl and the Orange Bowl to form the Bowl Alliance, with each bowl guaranteed to host a championship game as the coaches’ poll was contractually obligated to choose the winner of the Bowl Alliance championship game as its national champion. The Fiesta Bowl hosted the first of these games in January 1996.
After the 1997 season the three Bowl Alliance bowls joined with the Rose Bowl to form the Bowl Championship Series (BCS), with the Fiesta Bowl guaranteed to host the national championship game every four years. As with the Bowl Alliance, the Fiesta Bowl was given first chance at hosting the BCS’ championship in 1999. They also hosted the game in 2003. When the BCS reconstituted itself following the 2005 season, it began staging a separate national championship game, which rotated between BCS bowl sites.
Beginning with the 2014 season, Fiesta Bowl became a member of College Football Playoff, hosting a semifinal game every three years; all the teams playing in this bowl will be selected by the CFP Selection Committee in those years. In years that it serves as a semifinal, the winner of the Fiesta Bowl faces the winner of the Peach Bowl in the College Football Playoff National Championship Game the following week. Unlike in the previous years, the National Championship Game is not awarded to the bowl organizations in the CFP; instead, the selection process is similar to the one used to determine a host for the Super Bowl.
The Fiesta Bowl has donated more than $12 million to charity.In 2020, it donated $1 million in emergency relief during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This section needs additional citations for verification .(April 2016)
The Fiesta Bowl was born from the Western Athletic Conference's frustrated attempts to obtain bowl invitations for its champions. In 1968 and 1969 respectively, champions Wyoming and Arizona State failed to secure any bowl selection. The next year, undefeated Arizona State was bypassed by the major bowls and had to settle for an appearance in the less prestigious Peach Bowl. The Fiesta Bowl therefore initially provided an automatic berth for the WAC champion.
In its first decade of existence, the Fiesta Bowl was played in the last week of December (including the afternoon of Christmas Day from 1976 to 1979). The 1971 inaugural game featured another top-ten Arizona State squad against top-twenty opponent Florida State. The 1974 game featured WAC champ BYU and their new coach, future Hall of Fame member LaVell Edwards in their first ever bowl game vs. Oklahoma State. BYU was in control until BYU's first All-American quarterback Gary Sheide went down with a leg injury and eventually lost 16–6. By 1975, the game was able to attract Big Eight co-champion Nebraska to play undefeated Arizona State in a matchup of top-five teams. In 1977, the game was again able to attract a top-five opponent in Penn State, despite WAC champion #16 BYU refusing to play in the bowl due to its being held on Sunday.
In 1978, Arizona and Arizona State both joined the Pac-10 Conference and the Fiesta Bowl's tie-in with the WAC ended as its champ went to the newly inaugurated Holiday Bowl. From then until the advent of the Bowl Coalition, Fiesta Bowl matchups typically featured runners-up of major conferences and/or major independents.
The game continued to attract high quality matchups; beginning with the 1981 season, it shifted to New Year's Day alongside the major bowl games—the Cotton, Orange, Sugar, and Rose. At the time, NBC had the broadcast rights to the Fiesta, Rose, and Orange; the Fiesta was played first and had a late morning kickoff (11:30 a.m. MST). It was the first bowl game to acquire a corporate title sponsor, via an agreement with Sunkist Growers in September 1985, making the game the "Sunkist Fiesta Bowl" starting with the January 1986 edition. The Tangerine Bowl had previously reached agreement in March 1983 with the Florida Citrus Commission, a state government agency, to rename itself as the Florida Citrus Bowl.
A major breakthrough occurred after the 1986 season when the top two teams in the country, Miami and Penn State, agreed to play for the de facto national championship in the Fiesta Bowl. At the time, the traditional four "major" bowl games granted automatic bids to their conference champions. Both Miami and Penn State were independents at that time, and were thus free to choose a bowl. As such, the Fiesta Bowl and the Florida Citrus Bowl, each free from the obligation of conference tie-ins, vied to host the Miami–Penn State matchup in order to ensure that they would meet on the field. The Fiesta Bowl won the bidding and the game was set to be played on Friday, January 2, 1987—the night after the "big four" bowls of New Year's Day. Penn State won 14–10, and the game drew the largest television audience in the history of college football at the time. Two years later, #1 Notre Dame played undefeated #3 West Virginia for the national championship at the 1989 Fiesta Bowl on January 1.
The 1987 and 1989 games were two of four straight matchups of teams ranked in the AP Top 10 going into the bowl season to close out the 1980s. This significantly increased the Fiesta Bowl's prestige, to the point that it was now considered a major bowl by many fans and pundits. The 1988 game returned to New Year's Day, and the 1989 game kicked off three hours later (2:30 p.m. MST on NBC) and opposite the Rose Bowl, which had switched networks to ABC.
Before the 1991 game, several major universities declined invitations due to the State of Arizona's decision at that time not to adopt the Martin Luther King Holiday. However, in 1992, the Fiesta Bowl was invited to participate in the Bowl Coalition, a predecessor to the Bowl Championship Series. This assured the game would feature major conference champions or prestigious runners-up and cemented its status as a major bowl. Had the two top-ranked teams in the Bowl Coalition not come from the SEC, Big Eight or SWC, the Fiesta Bowl would have hosted the Bowl Coalition's "national championship game," though this never happened during the three years of the Bowl Coalition's run.
When the Bowl Coalition was reconfigured as the Bowl Alliance for the 1995 season, the Fiesta was included as one of the three top games. In that season, it hosted the Bowl Alliance National Championship game featuring undefeated #1 Nebraska playing undefeated #2 Florida for the national championship. Nebraska won the game 62–24, the largest win margin in the history of the national championship game, and the most points ever scored in a national championship game. Finally, with the addition of the Big Ten and Pac-10 conferences to the new Bowl Championship Series, the Fiesta Bowl became a permanent fixture in the four-year BCS National Championship Game rotation. In 1998, the Fiesta Bowl featured the first BCS National Championship Game, which Tennessee won over Florida State, 23–16.
Starting with the 1999 season, the Big 12 Conference champion received an automatic bid to the Fiesta Bowl in years when it was not slated as the BCS title game, an arrangement that continued to the end of the BCS era.
In 2002, the Fiesta Bowl had the right to take the Pac-10 Conference Champion, should that team not reach the Rose Bowl, which served as the national championship game that season. Oregon failed to qualify for the championship game, and thus played Colorado in the Fiesta Bowl. A similar arrangement was made for the 2006 Fiesta Bowl. However, instead of gaining the Pac-10 Conference champion in addition to their usual tie-in with the Big 12, the Fiesta Bowl would have had a choice of the two teams. This turned out to be a moot point as both the Big 12 champion Texas and Pac-10 champion Southern California qualified for the National Championship Game (USC's participation has since been vacated).
The BCS National Championship game returned to the Fiesta Bowl in 2003 with the Big Ten champions Ohio State Buckeyes beating the Big East champions Miami Hurricanes in the first overtime national championship game. The game went into double overtime with the Buckeyes coming out on top 31–24 to claim the 2002 national championship.
The Fiesta Bowl was the first BCS bowl to have had a team from outside the automatic qualifying (AQ) BCS conferences (the Big 12, Big Ten, Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), Southeastern Conference (SEC), Pac-10, Big East, and Notre Dame). The 2005 game saw undefeated Utah from the Mountain West Conference become the first BCS non-AQ school ever to play in a BCS game, easily defeating Big East champion Pittsburgh 35–7.
In 2007, the Fiesta Bowl game was played for the first time at the new then-named University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, across the Phoenix metropolitan area from Sun Devil Stadium. The undefeated Boise State Broncos won by defeating the Oklahoma Sooners 43–42 in overtime. It has been called one of the greatest college football games ever played, due to the combination of an underdog team, trick plays, comebacks by each team, and a thrilling overtime finish.
The 2010 Fiesta Bowl featured #6 Boise State defeating #4 TCU, 17–10. It was the first time a BCS bowl matched-up two non-automatic qualifying teams (i.e. two teams from conferences without automatic BCS bids) and the first time that two teams who went undefeated faced each other in a BCS game outside of the national championship. In the 2012 Fiesta Bowl, Oklahoma State defeated Stanford 41–38. Notable players included Brandon Weeden and Justin Blackmon for Oklahoma State, and Andrew Luck for Stanford.
In November 2016, PlayStation was announced as the bowl's new title sponsor.
The December 2016 and December 2019 editions served as a semifinal for the College Football Playoff. The Fiesta Bowl will host a semifinal, alongside the Peach Bowl, again in 2022 and 2025.
In 1996, a group of students from Brigham Young University, led by BYU professor Dennis Martin, burned bags of Tostitos tortilla chips in a bonfire and called for a boycott of all Tostitos products.This came after #5 ranked BYU was not invited to play in the 1996 Fiesta Bowl in favor of #7 ranked Penn State. This event is one of those referred to by proponents of college football implementing a playoff series rather than the controversial Bowl Alliance. Penn State went on to win the game over #20 Texas 38–15, while BYU defeated #14 Kansas State in the Cotton Bowl Classic 19–15.
For the 2010 Fiesta Bowl, the selections of TCU and Boise State caused a great deal of controversy. For the first and only time in the BCS era, two BCS non-AQ teams were chosen to play in BCS bowls in the same bowl season: however, they ended up facing each other in this bowl. Because the two non-AQ teams were placed in the same bowl game, the bowl was derisively referred to as the "Separate But Equal Bowl",the "Quarantine Bowl", the "Fiasco Bowl", the "BCS Kids' Table", etc. Some had called for a boycott because of this arrangement. There was wide speculation that the BCS bowl selection committees maneuvered TCU and Boise State into the same bowl so as to deny them the chances to "embarrass" two AQ conference representatives in separate bowls, as Boise State had done in the 2007 Fiesta Bowl and Utah had done in the 2005 Fiesta Bowl and 2009 Sugar Bowl (prior to the game, non-AQ teams were 3–1 versus AQ teams in BCS bowls). In response, Fiesta Bowl CEO John Junker called those allegations "the biggest load of crap that I've ever heard in my life" and said that "We're in the business of doing things that are on behalf of our bowl game and we don't do the bidding of someone else to our detriment." Beyond the unappealing nature of a "David vs. David" contest which resulted from this pairing in a major bowl, the appeal was further diminished due to the fact that it was a rematch of the Poinsettia Bowl from the previous bowl season.
In 2009, in the weeks prior to the 2010 Fiesta Bowl, past and present Fiesta Bowl employees alleged that they were encouraged to help maintain its position as one of the four BCS bowls by making campaign contributions to politicians friendly to the Fiesta Bowl, with those contributions subsequently reimbursed to the employees. If true, this would be a violation of both state and federal campaign finance laws.Furthermore, as a non-profit organization, the Fiesta Bowl is prohibited from making political contributions of any kind. The Fiesta Bowl commissioned an "independent review" which found "no credible evidence that the bowl's management engaged in any type of illegal or unethical conduct."
The following year, in a November 2010 article, Sports Illustrated reported that Fiesta Bowl officials, including bowl CEO John Junker, spent $4 million since 2000 to curry favor from BCS bigwigs and elected officials, including a 2008 "Fiesta Frolic", a golf-centered gathering of athletic directors and head coaches. The journal also reported that Junker's annual salary was close to $600,000 and that the bowl, in 2007 turned an $11.6 million profit.While these alleged activities are not illegal, they did result in considerable damage to the reputation of the Fiesta Bowl.
On March 29, 2011, the Fiesta Bowl Board of Directors released a 276-page "scathing internal report", commissioned by them to re-examine the accusations of illegal political activities.The commission determined that $46,539 of illegal campaign contributions were made and the board immediately fired Fiesta Bowl CEO John Junker, who had already been suspended pending the results of this investigation. The scandal threatened the Fiesta Bowl's status as a BCS game, as the BCS said it might replace the bowl in its lineup if officials could not convince them it should remain. The BCS ultimately chose not to expel the Fiesta Bowl, instead fining the organization $1 million.
In June 2011 University of Arizona president Robert Shelton was hired to replace Junker.On February 22, 2012, former CEO John Junker pleaded guilty to a federal felony charge in the campaign financing matter, and two members of his former staff pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges. Junker was to be sentenced soon after, facing up to 2.5 years in prison as the result of his plea, but his sentencing was repeatedly postponed in return for cooperation in other cases. On March 13, 2014, Junker was sentenced to eight months in prison, with the sentence starting on June 13, 2014; he was released on February 11, 2015. On March 20, 2014, Junker was sentenced to three years of probation on state charges.
One of the Fiesta Bowl events, the annual Fiesta Bowl Parade, takes place in downtown Phoenix. It features marching bands from high schools as well as the two universities participating in the Fiesta Bowl, and the two universities participating in the Cactus Bowl, along with floats, equestrian units, and a seven-member queen and court. The parade began in 1973. Grand Marshals include celebrities from sports and entertainment.
In 2018, the sponsor was changed from Bank of Arizona to Desert Financial. Appearances in the 2018 parade included Cindy McCain and the marching band from Salem High School in Salem, New Hampshire, which was the group that had traveled the farthest for the parade.
Rankings are based on the AP Poll prior to the game being played. Italics denote a tie game.
|Date played||Winning team||Losing team||Attendance||Notes|
|December 27, 1971||No. 8 Arizona State||45||Florida State||38||51,089||notes|
|December 23, 1972||No. 15 Arizona State||49||Missouri||35||51,318||notes|
|December 21, 1973||No. 10 Arizona State||28||Pittsburgh||7||50,878||notes|
|December 28, 1974||Oklahoma State||16||No. 17 BYU||6||50,878||notes|
|December 26, 1975||No. 7 Arizona State||17||No. 6 Nebraska||14||51,396||notes|
|December 25, 1976||No. 8 Oklahoma||41||Wyoming||7||48,174||notes|
|December 25, 1977||No. 8 Penn State||42||No. 15 Arizona State||30||57,727||notes|
|December 25, 1978||No. 8 Arkansas||10||No. 15 UCLA||10||55,227||notes|
|December 25, 1979||No. 10 Pittsburgh||16||Arizona||10||55,347||notes|
|December 26, 1980||No. 10 Penn State||31||No. 11 Ohio State||19||66,738||notes|
|January 1, 1982||No. 7 Penn State||26||No. 8 USC||10||71,053||notes|
|January 1, 1983||No. 11 Arizona State||32||No. 12 Oklahoma||21||70,533||notes|
|January 2, 1984||No. 14 Ohio State||28||No. 15 Pittsburgh||23||66,484||notes|
|January 1, 1985||No. 14 UCLA||39||No. 13 Miami (Florida)||37||60,310||notes|
|January 1, 1986||No. 5 Michigan||27||No. 7 Nebraska||23||72,454||notes|
|January 2, 1987||No. 2 Penn State||14||No. 1 Miami (Florida)||10||73,098||notes|
|January 1, 1988||No. 3 Florida State||31||No. 5 Nebraska||28||72,112||notes|
|January 2, 1989||No. 1 Notre Dame||34||No. 3 West Virginia||21||74,911||notes|
|January 1, 1990||No. 5 Florida State||41||No. 6 Nebraska||17||73,953||notes|
|January 1, 1991||No. 18 Louisville||34||No. 25 Alabama||7||69,098||notes|
|January 1, 1992||No. 6 Penn State||42||No. 10 Tennessee||17||71,133||notes|
|January 1, 1993||No. 6 Syracuse||26||No. 10 Colorado||22||70,224||notes|
|January 1, 1994||No. 16 Arizona||29||No. 10 Miami (Florida)||0||72,260||notes|
|January 2, 1995||No. 4 Colorado||41||Notre Dame||24||73,968||notes|
|January 2, 1996 BA||No. 1 Nebraska||62||No. 2 Florida||24||79,864||notes|
|January 1, 1997||No. 7 Penn State||38||No. 20 Texas||15||65,106||notes|
|December 31, 1997||No. 10 Kansas State||35||No. 14 Syracuse||18||69,367||notes|
|January 4, 1999 BCS||No. 1 Tennessee||23||No. 2 Florida State||16||80,470||notes|
|January 2, 2000||No. 3 Nebraska||31||No. 6 Tennessee||21||71,526||notes|
|January 1, 2001||No. 5 Oregon State||41||No. 10 Notre Dame||9||75,428||notes|
|January 1, 2002||No. 2 Oregon||38||No. 3 Colorado||16||74,118||notes|
|January 3, 2003 BCS||No. 2 Ohio State||31||No. 1 Miami (Florida)||24 (2 OT)||77,502||notes|
|January 2, 2004||No. 7 Ohio State||35||No. 8 Kansas State||28||73,425||notes|
|January 1, 2005||No. 5 Utah||35||No. 19 Pittsburgh||7||73,519||notes|
|January 2, 2006||No. 4 Ohio State||34||No. 5 Notre Dame||20||76,196||notes|
|January 1, 2007||No. 9 Boise State||43||No. 7 Oklahoma||42 (OT)||73,719||notes|
|January 2, 2008||No. 11 West Virginia||48||No. 3 Oklahoma||28||70,016||notes|
|January 5, 2009||No. 3 Texas||24||No. 10 Ohio State||21||72,047||notes|
|January 4, 2010||No. 6 Boise State||17||No. 3 TCU||10||73,227||notes|
|January 1, 2011||No. 9 Oklahoma||48||No. 25 Connecticut||20||67,232||notes|
|January 2, 2012||No. 3 Oklahoma State||41||No. 4 Stanford||38 (OT)||69,927||notes|
|January 3, 2013||No. 5 Oregon||35||No. 7 Kansas State||17||70,242||notes|
|January 1, 2014||No. 15 UCF||52||No. 6 Baylor||42||65,172||notes|
|December 31, 2014||No. 21 Boise State||38||No. 12 Arizona||30||66,896||notes|
|January 1, 2016||No. 7 Ohio State||44||No. 8 Notre Dame||28||71,123||notes|
|December 31, 2016 CFP||No. 3 Clemson||31||No. 2 Ohio State||0||70,236||notes|
|December 30, 2017||No. 9 Penn State||35||No. 12 Washington||28||61,842||notes|
|January 1, 2019||No. 11 LSU||40||No. 7 UCF||32||69,927||notes|
|December 28, 2019 CFP||No. 3 Clemson||29||No. 2 Ohio State||23||71,330||notes|
|January 2, 2021||No. 12 Iowa State||34||No. 25 Oregon||17||0||notes|
|January 1, 2022||Teams TBD||notes|
|2021||January 1, 2022||Saturday|
|2022||December 31, 2022||Saturday|
|2023||December 30, 2023||Saturday|
|2024||December 30, 2024||Monday|
|2025||December 27, 2025||Saturday|
denotes game is a College Football Playoff semifinal
An offensive MVP and defensive MVP are selected for each game.
Updated through the January 2021 edition (50 games, 100 total appearances).
Won: Iowa State, LSU, Louisville, Michigan, Oregon State, Utah
Lost: Alabama, Baylor, BYU, Connecticut, Florida, Missouri, Stanford, TCU, USC, Washington, Wyoming
Updated through the January 2021 edition (50 games, 100 total appearances).
|2 (tie)||Big 12||13||6||7||0||.462|
|6 (tie)||The American||9||3||6||0||.333|
|9 (tie)||Mountain West||3||2||1||0||.667|
|Team||Performance vs. Opponent||Year|
|Most points scored||62, Nebraska vs. Florida (24)||1996|
|Fewest points allowed||0, Clemson (31) vs. Ohio State|
0, Arizona (29) vs. Miami
|Largest margin of victory||38, Nebraska (62) vs. Florida (24)||1996|
|First downs||33, Texas vs. Ohio State|
33, Arizona State vs. Missouri
|Rushing yards||524, Nebraska vs. Florida||1996|
|Passing yards||458, Louisville vs. Alabama||1991|
|Total yards||718, Arizona State vs. Missouri||1972|
|Fewest Rushing yards allowed||–28, Nebraska vs. Florida||1996|
|Fewest Passing yards allowed||23, Wyoming vs. Oklahoma||1976|
|Fewest Total yards allowed||155, Oregon State vs. Notre Dame||2001|
|Individual||Performance, Player, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|Total offense||431, Browning Nagle, Louisville vs. Alabama|
(451 pass, –20 rush)
|Rushing yards||245, Marcus Dupree, Oklahoma vs. Arizona State (17 att., 0 TD)||1983|
|Rushing TDs||4, Ezekiel Elliott, Ohio State vs. Notre Dame|
4, Woody Green, Arizona State vs. Missouri
|Passing yards||451, Browning Nagle, Louisville vs. Alabama||1991|
|Passing TDs||5, Peter Tom Willis, Florida State vs. Nebraska||1990|
|Receiving yards||206, Darnell McDonald, Kansas State vs. Syracuse||1998|
|Receiving TDs||3, shared by three players|
|Tackles||18, Ted Johnson, Colorado vs. Notre Dame||1995|
|Sacks||3, shared by three players|
|Interceptions||3, Steve Smith, Oregon vs. Colorado||2002|
|Long plays||Performance, Player, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|Touchdown run||92, Saquon Barkley, Penn State vs. Washington||2017|
|Touchdown pass||85, Troy Smith to Santonio Holmes, Ohio State vs. Notre Dame||2006|
|Kickoff return||100, shared by:|
Kirby Dar Dar, Syracuse vs. Colorado
Mike Fink, Missouri vs. Arizona State
|Punt return||68, shared by:|
Eddie Brown, Miami vs. UCLA
Steve Holden, Arizona State vs. Florida State
|Interception return||54, Dwayne Goodrich, Tennessee vs. Florida State||1999|
|Punt||66, Pat McAfee, West Virginia vs. Oklahoma||2008|
|Field goal||54, Luis Zendejas, Arizona State vs. Oklahoma||1983|
As of the 2010–11 season, the game along with the rest of the BCS and its successor, the College Football Playoff, exclusively airs on ESPN.From 2007 through 2010, Fox telecast the game along with the other BCS games – the Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, and BCS National Championship Game from 2006 though 2009, while only the Rose Bowl and the 2010 BCS National Championship Game aired on ABC in that period. From 1999 to 2006, the game aired on ABC as part of the first BCS package, and from 1996 to 1998 the game aired on CBS as part of its bowl coverage. Prior to that, NBC aired the game for several years. This game, along with the Orange Bowl, is one of only two bowl games ever to air on all the "Big 4" broadcast television networks in the United States.
ESPN Radio is the current radio home for the Fiesta Bowl.
In 2013, ESPN Deportes provided the first Spanish U.S. telecast of the Fiesta Bowl.
The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system that created five bowl game match-ups involving ten of the top ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of American college football, including an opportunity for the top two teams to compete in the BCS National Championship Game. The system was in place for the 1998 through 2013 seasons and in 2014 was replaced by the College Football Playoff.
The Bowl Alliance was an agreement among college football bowl games for the purpose of trying to match the top two teams in a national championship bowl game and to provide quality bowl game matchups for the champions of its member conferences. The agreement was in place for the 1995, 1996, and 1997 seasons and had replaced the Bowl Coalition. Each participating team in the Bowl Alliance Championship received $8.5 million from the television sponsors.
The BCS National Championship Game, or BCS National Championship, was a postseason college football bowl game, used to determine a national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), first played in the 1998 college football season as one of four designated bowl games, and beginning in the 2006 season as a standalone event rotated among the host sites of the aforementioned bowls.
The Power Five conferences are five athletic conferences which are considered to be the elite in college football in the United States. They are part of the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of NCAA Division I, the highest level of collegiate football in the nation. The conferences are the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), Big Ten Conference, Big 12 Conference, Pac-12 Conference, and Southeastern Conference (SEC). The term Power Five is not defined by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), and the origin of the term is unknown. It has been used in its current meaning since at least 2006. The term is also occasionally used in other college sports, although in many non-football sports, most notably basketball, anywhere from six to eight conferences may be considered "high-major".
The teams that participate in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I Football Bowl Subdivision earn the right to compete in a series of post-season games called bowl games. As of 2017, there are 40 bowl games, and all are contractually obligated to offer bids to specific conferences, a situation known as a "tie-in". The "top" six bowl games in the nation select their teams as part of the College Football Playoff (CFP), which was put into place for a minimum of 12 years, beginning with the 2014 season. Prior to 2014, the top five games in the country were chosen under the system known as the Bowl Championship Series. The bowls outside of the CFP, have individual contracts with the conferences to offer preferential bids to teams from those conferences. As long as teams are bowl eligible, they may be selected by these bowls to meet these contracts.
The 2002 NCAA Division I-A football season ended with a double overtime national championship game. Ohio State and Miami both came into the Fiesta Bowl undefeated. The underdog Buckeyes defeated the defending-champion Hurricanes 31–24, ending Miami's 34-game winning streak. Jim Tressel won the national championship in only his second year as head coach.
The 2004 NCAA Division I-A football season was the highest level of college football competition in the United States organized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The regular season began on August 28, 2004 and ended on December 4, 2004. The postseason concluded on January 4, 2005 with the Orange Bowl, which served as the season's BCS National Championship Game.
The 2007 Tostitos Fiesta Bowl was a college football bowl game played as part of the 2006–2007 Bowl Championship Series (BCS) of the 2006 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The game was played on January 1, 2007, at its new venue, the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. The matchup pitted the Big 12 champion No. 8 Oklahoma Sooners against the WAC champion No. 9 Boise State Broncos. The contest was televised on Fox. With this broadcast, the Fiesta Bowl became the first bowl game to air on all the "big four" television networks – the Orange Bowl became the second, the following night.
The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system designed, through polls and computer statistics, to determine a No. 1 and No. 2 ranked team in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). After the final polls, the two top teams were chosen to play in the BCS National Championship Game which determined the BCS national champion team, but not the champion team for independent voting systems. This format was intended to be "bowl-centered" rather than a traditional playoff system, since numerous FBS Conferences have expressed their unwillingness to participate in a play-off system. However, due to the unique and often esoteric nature of the BCS format, there had been controversy as to which two teams should play for the national championship and which teams should play in the four other BCS bowl games. In this selection process, the BCS was often criticized for conference favoritism, its inequality of access for teams in non-Automatic Qualifying (non-AQ) Conferences, and perceived monopolistic, "profit-centered" motives. In terms of this last concern, Congress has explored the possibility on more than one occasion of holding hearings to determine the legality of the BCS under the terms of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, and the United States Justice Department has also periodically announced interest in investigating the BCS for similar reasons.
The 2010 Tostitos Fiesta Bowl game was a post-season college football bowl game between the #4 TCU Horned Frogs, champions of the Mountain West Conference, and the #6 Boise State Broncos, champions of the Western Athletic Conference. The game was played Monday, January 4, 2010, at University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. The game was part of the 2009–10 Bowl Championship Series (BCS) of the 2009 NCAA Division I FBS football season and was the concluding game of the season for both teams involved.
The 2011–12 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They concluded the 2011 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 35 team-competitive games and five all-star games. The games began on December 17, 2011 and, aside from the all-star games, concluded with the 2012 BCS National Championship Game in New Orleans, that was played on January 9, 2012.
The 2013 Tostitos Fiesta Bowl was a postseason college football bowl game played on Thursday, January 3, 2013, at University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. The Kansas State Wildcats, champions of the Big 12 Conference, played the Oregon Ducks, an at-large selection from the Pac-12 Conference. This was the only bowl game of the season to feature two top-10 ranked teams, other than the 2013 BCS National Championship Game.
The 2012–13 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They concluded the 2012 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 35 team-competitive games and four all-star games. The games began on Saturday December 15, 2012 and, aside from the all-star games, concluded with the 2013 BCS National Championship Game in Miami Gardens, Florida that was played on January 7, 2013.
The College Football Playoff (CFP) is an annual postseason knockout invitational tournament to determine a national champion for the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), the highest level of college football competition in the United States. Four teams play in two semifinal games, and the winner of each semifinal advances to the College Football Playoff National Championship game.
The 2013 Pac-12 Conference football season began on August 29, 2013 with USC at Hawaii. The conference's first game was played on September 7, 2013 with Washington State winning over USC, and the final game was the Pac-12 Championship Game on December 7, 2013. This is the third season for the conference as a 12-team league. The Sagarin Ratings had the Pac-12 as the best conference in the nation top to bottom in the final rating of the season.
The 2013–14 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They concluded the 2013 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 35 team-competitive games and three all-star games. The games began on Saturday December 21, 2013 and, aside from the all-star games, ended with the 2014 BCS National Championship at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena that was played on January 6, 2014.
The 2014 Fiesta Bowl was a college football bowl game played on December 31, 2014, at University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. The 44th Fiesta Bowl was one of the New Year's Bowls of the College Football Playoff. It was one of the 2014–15 bowl games that conclude the 2014 FBS football season. The game was sponsored by the Vizio consumer electronics company and is officially known as the Vizio Fiesta Bowl.
The 2015–16 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They completed the 2015 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The games began on December 19, 2015 and, aside from the all-star games, ended with the 2016 College Football Playoff National Championship which was played on January 11, 2016.
The 2016–17 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games which completed the 2016 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The games began on December 17, 2016, and aside from the all-star games ended with the 2017 College Football Playoff National Championship which was played on January 9, 2017.
The New Year's Six, sometimes abbreviated as NY6, is an unofficial but commonly used term that refers to the top six major NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) bowl games: the Rose Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Peach Bowl, and Fiesta Bowl. These games are played annually on or around New Year's Day, and represent six of the ten oldest bowl games currently played at the FBS level.