Sports Illustrated

Last updated

Sports Illustrated
Sportsillustrated firstissue.jpg
The first issue of Sports Illustrated, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Mathews at bat and New York Giants catcher Wes Westrum in Milwaukee County Stadium
Editorial DirectorChris Stone
Staff writers
Staff

Managing Editor SI.com: Stephen Cannella
Managing Editor SI Golf Group: Jim Gorant
Creative Director: Christopher Hercik
Director of Photography: Brad Smith [1]
Senior Editor, Chief of Reporters: Richard Demak
Senior Editors: Mark Bechtel, Trisha Lucey Blackmar, MJ Day (Swimsuit); Mark Godich; Stefanie Kaufman (Operations); Kostya P.

Kennedy, Diane Smith (Swimsuit)

Contents


'Senior Writers: Kelli Anderson, Lars Anderson, Chris Ballard, Michael Bamberger, George Dohrmann, David Epstein, Michael Farber, Damon Hack, Lee Jenkins, Peter King, Thomas Lake, Tim Layden, J. Austin Murphy, Dan Patrick, Joe Posnanski, S.L. Price, Selena Roberts, Alan Shipnuck, Phil Taylor, Ian Thomsen, Jim Trotter, Gary Van Sickle, Tom Verducci, Grant Wahl, L. Jon Wertheim
Associate Editors: Darcie Baum (Swimsuit); Mark Beech, Adam Duerson, Gene Menez, Elizabeth Newman, David Sabino (Statistics)
Staff Writers: Brian Cazeneuve, Albert Chen, Chris Mannix, Ben Reiter, Melissa Segura
Deputy Chief of Reporters: Lawrence Mondi
Writer-Reporters: Sarah Kwak, Andrew Lawrence, Rick Lipsey, Julia Morrill, Rebecca Sun, Pablo S. Torre
Reporters: Kelvin C. Bias, Matt Gagne, Rebecca Shore
CategoriesSports magazine
FrequencyBi-Weekly
PublisherDanny Lee
Total circulation
(December 2015)
3,023,197 [2]
First issueAugust 16, 1954
Company Meredith Corporation
CountryUnited States
Based inNew York, USA
LanguageEnglish
Website www.SI.com
ISSN 0038-822X

Sports Illustrated (SI) is an American sports magazine owned by Meredith Corporation. First published in August 1954, it has over 3 million subscribers and is read by 23 million people each week, including over 18 million men. [3]

A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published. Magazines are generally published on a regular schedule and contain a variety of content. They are generally financed by advertising, by a purchase price, by prepaid subscriptions, or a combination of the three.

Meredith Corporation is an American media conglomerate based in Des Moines, Iowa, USA. The company has two divisions: National Media and Local Media. As of 2016, the company employed 12,600 people and had US$1.6 billion in revenues. As of 2018, they are the largest magazine company in the world.

It was the first magazine with circulation over one million to win the National Magazine Award for General Excellence twice. It is also known for its annual swimsuit issue, which has been published since 1964, and has spawned other complementary media works and products.

<i>Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue</i> American magazine published by Sports Illustrated

The Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue is published annually by American magazine Sports Illustrated. The cover photograph features women fashion models wearing swimwear in exotic locales. According to some, the magazine is the arbiter of supermodel succession. The swimsuit issue of the magazine carries advertising that, in 2005 amounted to US$35 million in value. First published in 1964, it is credited with making the bikini, invented in 1946, a legitimate piece of apparel. The issue that got the most letters was the 1978 issue. The best selling issue was the 25th Anniversary Issue with Kathy Ireland on the cover in 1989.

History

There were two magazines named Sports Illustrated before the current magazine began on August 16, 1954. [4] In 1936, Stuart Scheftel created Sports Illustrated with a target market for the sportsman. He published the magazine from 1936 to 1938 on a monthly basis. The magazine was a life magazine size and focused on golf, tennis, and skiing with articles on the major sports. He then sold the name to Dell Publications, which released Sports Illustrated in 1949 and this version lasted 6 issues before closing. Dell's version focused on major sports (baseball, basketball, boxing) and competed on magazine racks against Sport and other monthly sports magazines. During the 1940s these magazines were monthly and they did not cover the current events because of the production schedules. There was no large-base, general, weekly sports magazine with a national following on actual active events. It was then that Time patriarch Henry Luce began considering whether his company should attempt to fill that gap. At the time, many believed sports was beneath the attention of serious journalism and did not think sports news could fill a weekly magazine, especially during the winter. A number of advisers to Luce, including Life magazine's Ernest Havemann, tried to kill the idea, but Luce, who was not a sports fan, decided the time was right. [5]

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City. It was founded in 1923 and originally run by Henry Luce. A European edition is published in London and also covers the Middle East, Africa, and, since 2003, Latin America. An Asian edition is based in Hong Kong. The South Pacific edition, which covers Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands, is based in Sydney. In December 2008, Time discontinued publishing a Canadian advertiser edition.

Henry Luce American publisher

Henry Robinson Luce was an American magazine magnate who was called "the most influential private citizen in the America of his day". He launched and closely supervised a stable of magazines that transformed journalism and the reading habits of millions of Americans. Time summarized and interpreted the week's news; Life was a picture magazine of politics, culture, and society that dominated American visual perceptions in the era before television; Fortune reported on national and international business; and Sports Illustrated explored the world of sports. Counting his radio projects and newsreels, Luce created the first multimedia corporation. He envisaged that the United States would achieve world hegemony, and, in 1941, he declared the 20th century would be the "American Century".

<i>Life</i> (magazine) American magazine

Life was an American magazine published weekly until 1972, as an intermittent "special" until 1978, and as a monthly from 1978 to 2000. During its golden age from 1936 to 1972, Life was a wide-ranging weekly general interest magazine known for the quality of its photography.

The goal of the new magazine was to be basically a magazine, but with sports. Many at Time-Life scoffed at Luce's idea; in his Pulitzer Prize–winning biography, Luce and His Empire, W. A. Swanberg wrote that the company's intellectuals dubbed the proposed magazine "Muscle", "Jockstrap", and "Sweat Socks". Launched on August 16, 1954, it was not profitable (and would not be so for 12 years) [6] and not particularly well run at first, but Luce's timing was good. The popularity of spectator sports in the United States was about to explode, and that popularity came to be driven largely by three things: economic prosperity, television, and Sports Illustrated. [7]

Pulitzer Prize U.S. award for achievements in newspaper and online journalism, literature, and musical composition

The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States. It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of American (Hungarian-born) Joseph Pulitzer who had made his fortune as a newspaper publisher, and is administered by Columbia University in New York City. Prizes are awarded yearly in twenty-one categories. In twenty of the categories, each winner receives a certificate and a US$15,000 cash award. The winner in the public service category of the journalism competition is awarded a gold medal.

William Andrew Swanberg was an American biographer. He may be known best for Citizen Hearst, a biography of William Randolph Hearst, which was recommended by the Pulitzer Prize board in 1962 but overturned by the trustees. He won the 1973 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography for his 1972 biography of Henry Luce, and the National Book Award in 1977 for his 1976 biography of Norman Thomas.

Mark Ford, President of the Sports Illustrated Group in 2010 Mark Ford David Shankbone 2010 NYC.jpg
Mark Ford, President of the Sports Illustrated Group in 2010
The Logo of Sports Illustrated Magazine SportsIllustrated.svg
The Logo of Sports Illustrated Magazine

The early issues of the magazine seemed caught between two opposing views of its audience. Much of the subject matter was directed at upper-class activities such as yachting, polo and safaris, but upscale would-be advertisers were unconvinced that sports fans were a significant part of their market. [8]

Yachting using water vessels, called yachts, for sporting purposes

Yachting refers to the use of recreational boats and ships called yachts for sporting purposes. Yachts are distinguished from working ships mainly by their leisure purpose.

Polo equestrian team sport

Polo is a horseback mounted team sport. It is one of the world's oldest known team sports.

Safari journey with the aim to hunt safari animals or to observe or photograph them

A safari is an overland journey, usually a trip by tourists in Africa. In the past, the trip was often a big-game hunt, but today, safaris are often to observe and photograph wildlife—or hiking and sightseeing, as well.

After more than a decade of steady losses, the magazine's fortunes finally turned around in the 1960s when Andre Laguerre became its managing editor. A European correspondent for Time, Inc., who later became chief of the Time-Life news bureaux in Paris and London (for a time he ran both simultaneously), Laguerre attracted Henry Luce's attention in 1956 with his singular coverage of the Winter Olympic Games in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy, which became the core of SI's coverage of those games. In May 1956, Luce brought Laguerre to New York to become assistant managing editor of the magazine. He was named managing editor in 1960, and he more than doubled the circulation by instituting a system of departmental editors, redesigning the internal format, [9] and inaugurating the unprecedented use in a news magazine of full-color photographic coverage of the week's sports events. He was also one of the first to sense the rise of national interest in professional football. [10]

Winter Olympic Games major international sporting event

The Winter Olympic Games is a major international multi-sport event held once every four years for sports practiced on snow and ice. The first Winter Olympics, the 1924 Winter Olympics, were held in Chamonix, France. The modern Olympic games were inspired by the ancient Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia, Greece, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, leading to the first modern Summer Games in Athens, Greece in 1896. The IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority.

Cortina dAmpezzo Comune in Veneto, Italy

Cortina d'Ampezzo, commonly referred to as Cortina, is a town and comune in the heart of the southern (Dolomitic) Alps in the Veneto region of Northern Italy. Situated on the Boite river, in an alpine valley, it is a winter sport resort known for its skiing trails, scenery, accommodation, shops and après-ski scene, and for its jet set and aristocratic European crowd.

American football Team field sport

American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, which is the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, which is the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, and otherwise they turn over the football to the defense; if the offense succeeds in advancing ten yards or more, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins.

Laguerre also instituted the innovative concept of one long story at the end of every issue, which he called the "bonus piece". These well-written, in-depth articles helped to distinguish Sports Illustrated from other sports publications, and helped launch the careers of such legendary writers as Frank Deford, who in March 2010 wrote of Laguerre, "He smoked cigars and drank Scotch and made the sun move across the heavens ... His genius as an editor was that he made you want to please him, but he wanted you to do that by writing in your own distinct way." [11]

Laguerre is also credited with the conception and creation of the annual Swimsuit Issue , which quickly became, and remains, the most popular issue each year.

In 1990, Time Inc. merged with Warner Communications to form the media conglomerate Time Warner. In 2014, Time Inc. was spun off from Time Warner. In November 2017, Meredith Corporation announced that it would acquire Time Inc., and the acquisition was completed in January 2018. However, in March 2018, Meredith stated that it would explore selling Sports Illustrated and several other former Time properties, arguing that they did not properly align with the company's lifestyle brands and publications. [12]

Innovations

From its start, Sports Illustrated introduced a number of innovations that are generally taken for granted today:

Color printing

In 1965, offset printing began to allow the color pages of the magazine to be printed overnight, not only producing crisper and brighter images, but also finally enabling the editors to merge the best color with the latest news. By 1967, the magazine was printing 200 pages of "fast color" a year; in 1983, SI became the first American full-color newsweekly. An intense rivalry developed between photographers, particularly Walter Iooss and Neil Leifer, to get a decisive cover shot that would be on newsstands and in mailboxes only a few days later. [13]

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, during Gil Rogin's term as Managing Editor, the feature stories of Frank Deford became the magazine's anchor. "Bonus pieces" on Pete Rozelle, Woody Hayes, Bear Bryant, Howard Cosell and others became some of the most quoted sources about these figures, and Deford established a reputation as one of the best writers of the time. [14]

Regular segments

Awards

Performer of the Year

Maya Moore of the WNBA's Minnesota Lynx was the inaugural winner of the Sports Illustrated Performer of the Year Award in 2017. [15]

Sportsperson of the Year

Since 1954, Sports Illustrated magazine has annually presented the Sportsperson of the Year award to "the athlete or team whose performance that year most embodies the spirit of sportsmanship and achievement." [16] [17] Roger Bannister won the first-ever Sportsman of the Year award thanks to his record-breaking time of 3:59.4 for a mile (the first-ever time a mile had been run under four minutes). [16] [18] Both men and women have won the award, originally called "Sportsman of the Year" and renamed "Sportswoman of the Year" or "Sportswomen of the Year" when applicable; it is currently known as "Sportsperson of the Year."

The 2017 winners of the award are Houston Texans defensive end, J. J. Watt, and Houston Astros second baseman, José Altuve. [19] Both athletes were recognized for their efforts in helping rebuild the city of Houston following Hurricane Harvey in addition to Altuve being a part of the Astros team that won the franchise's first World Series in 2017. [20]

Sportsman of the Century

Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Century Muhammad Ali Muhammad Ali NYWTS.jpg
Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Century Muhammad Ali

In 1999, Sports Illustrated named Muhammad Ali the Sportsman of the Century at the Sports Illustrated's 20th Century Sports Awards in New York City's Madison Square Garden. [21]

Sports Illustrated's Muhammad Ali Legacy Award

In 2015, the magazine renamed its Sportsman Legacy Award to the Sports Illustrated's Muhammad Ali Legacy Award. The annual award was originally created in 2008 and honors former "sports figures who embody the ideals of sportsmanship, leadership and philanthropy as vehicles for changing the world." Ali first appeared on the magazine's cover in 1963 and went on to be featured on numerous covers during his storied career. His widow, Lonnie Ali, is consulted when choosing a recipient. [22] In 2017, football quarterback Colin Kaepernick was honored with the Award, which was presented by Beyoncé. [23]

All-decade awards and honors

Top sports colleges

For a 2002 list of the top 200 Division I sports colleges in the U.S., see footnote [25]

Cover history

The following list contains the athletes with most covers. [26]

The magazine's cover is the basis of a sports myth known as the Sports Illustrated Cover Jinx.

Most covers by athlete, 1954–2016

AthleteSportNumber of covers
Michael Jordan Basketball50
Muhammad Ali Boxing40
LeBron James Basketball25
Tiger Woods Golf24
Magic Johnson Basketball23
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar Basketball22
Tom Brady Football20

Most covers by team, 1954 – May 2008

TeamSportNumber of covers
Los Angeles Lakers Basketball67
New York Yankees Baseball65
St. Louis Cardinals Baseball49
Dallas Cowboys Football48
Boston Red Sox Baseball46
Chicago Bulls Basketball45
Boston Celtics Basketball44
Los Angeles Dodgers Baseball40
Cincinnati Reds Baseball37
San Francisco 49ers Football33

Most covers by sport, 1954–2009

SportNumber of covers
Baseball-MLB628
Pro Football-NFL550
Pro Basketball-NBA325
College Football202
College Basketball181
Golf155
Boxing134
Hockey100
Track and Field99
Tennis78

Celebrities on the cover, 1954–2010

CelebrityYearSpecial notes
Gary Cooper 1959Scuba diving
Bob Hope 1963Owner of Cleveland Indians
Shirley MacLaine 1964Promoting the film John Goldfarb, Please Come Home
Steve McQueen 1971Riding a motorcycle
Burt Reynolds and Kris Kristofferson 1977Promoting the film Semi-Tough
Big Bird 1977On the cover with Mark Fidrych
Arnold Schwarzenegger 1987Caption on cover was Softies
Chris Rock 2000Wearing Los Angeles Dodgers hat
Stephen Colbert 2009Caption: Stephen Colbert and his Nation save the Olympics
Mark Wahlberg and Christian Bale 2010Promoting the film The Fighter
Brad Pitt 2011Promoting the film Moneyball

Fathers and sons who have been featured on the cover

FatherSon(s)
Archie Manning Peyton & Eli Manning
Calvin Hill Grant Hill
Bobby Hull Brett Hull
Bill Walton Luke Walton
Jack Nicklaus Gary Nicklaus
Phil Simms Chris Simms
Dale Earnhardt Dale Earnhardt, Jr.
Cal Ripken, Sr. Cal Ripken, Jr. & Billy Ripken
Mark McGwire Matt McGwire
Drew Brees Baylen Brees
Boomer Esiason Gunnar Esiason
Chuck Liddell Cade Liddell

Presidents who have been featured on the cover

PresidentSI cover dateSpecial notes
John F. Kennedy December 26, 1960First Lady Jackie Kennedy also on cover and Kennedy was President-Elect at the time of the cover.
Gerald Ford July 8, 1974Cover came one month before President Richard Nixon announced he would resign from the Presidency.
Ronald Reagan November 26, 1984On cover with Georgetown Hoyas basketball coach John Thompson and Patrick Ewing
Ronald Reagan February 16, 1987On cover with America's Cup champion Dennis Conner
Bill Clinton March 21, 1994On cover about the Arkansas college basketball team

Tribute covers (In Memoriam)

AthleteSI cover dateSpecial notes
Len Bias June 30, 1986Died of a cocaine overdose just after being drafted by the Boston Celtics
Arthur Ashe February 15, 1993Tennis great and former US Open champion who died from AIDS after a blood transfusion
Reggie Lewis August 9, 1993Celtics player who died due to a heart defect
Mickey Mantle August 21, 1995Died after years of battling alcoholism
Walter Payton November 8, 1999Died from rare liver disorder
Dale Earnhardt February 26, 2001 Died in a crash on the last lap of the 2001 Daytona 500.
Brittanie Cecil April 1, 2002Fan killed as the result of being struck with a puck to the head while in the crowd at a Columbus Blue Jackets game
Ted Williams July 15, 2002 Boston Red Sox who died of cardiac arrest
Johnny Unitas September 23, 2002 Baltimore Colts great who died from heart attack
Pat Tillman May 3, 2004 Arizona Cardinals player who was killed in a friendly fire incident in Afghanistan.
Ed Thomas July 6, 2009 Parkersburg, Iowa high school football coach that was gunned down by one of his former players on the morning of June 24, 2009.
John Wooden June 14, 2010 UCLA Basketball coaching legend who died of natural causes at 99 years of age.
Junior Seau May 2, 2012 NFL Hall of Fame linebacker who committed suicide at 43 years of age

Writers

Photographers

Spinoffs

Sports Illustrated has helped launched a number of related publishing ventures, including:

See also

Related Research Articles

Since its inception in 1954, Sports Illustrated magazine has annually presented the Sportsperson of the Year award to "the athlete or team whose performance that year most embodies the spirit of sportsmanship and achievement." Both Americans and non-Americans are eligible, though in the past the vast majority of winners have been from the United States. Both men and women have won the award, originally called "Sportsman of the Year" and renamed "Sportswoman of the Year" or "Sportswomen of the Year" when applicable; it is currently known as "Sportsperson of the Year."

Cheryl Rae Tiegs is an American model and fashion designer. Frequently described as the first American supermodel, Tiegs is best known for her multiple appearances on the covers of the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue and TIME and for her 1978 "Pink Bikini" poster, which became an iconic image of 1970s pop culture.

<i>Sports Illustrated for Women</i>

Sports Illustrated Women and also known as SI Women, was a bimonthly sports magazine covering "the sports that women play and what they want to follow, from basketball to tennis, soccer to volleyball, field hockey to ice hockey and figure skating and more. It featured real athletes, told their real stories and gave the real scoop on women's sports. Sports Illustrated for Women was published by Time Inc." It ran for 20 issues, between March 2000 and November 2002, targeting an audience of women, 18–34 years old, with "a passion for sports."

<i>ESPN The Magazine</i>

ESPN The Magazine is a fortnightly sports magazine published by the ESPN sports network in Bristol, Connecticut, in the United States. The first issue was published on March 11, 1998.

Frank Deford American sportswriter

Benjamin Franklin Deford III was an American sportswriter and novelist. From 1980 until his death in 2017, he was a regular sports commentator on NPR's Morning Edition radio program.

Anna Sergeyevna "Anne" Vyalitsyna, also known as Anne V, is a Russian-American model. She is perhaps best known for her 10-consecutive-year run of appearances (2005–2014) in the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue.

Brooklyn Decker US photo model and actress

Brooklyn Danielle Decker Roddick is an American model and actress best known for her appearances in the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, including the cover of the 2010 issue. In addition to working for Victoria's Secret for the 2010 "Swim" collection, she has ventured into television with guest appearances on Chuck, Ugly Betty, The League, and Royal Pains. She made her feature film debut in Just Go with It, and later starred in Battleship and What to Expect When You're Expecting. Decker is married to former tennis player Andy Roddick.

Hannah Jeter American model

Hannah Jeter is an American model. She is best known for her appearances in the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, including the cover of the 2015 edition.

Babette March, pronounced Marx, born Barbara Marchlowitz, formerly Babette Russell, or simply Babette, who is now known by the name Babette Beatty, was the first Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue cover model. She was on the swimsuit issue cover of the January 20, 1964, issue.

Joanne "Kiwi Jo" or "Kiwi Joe" Gair is a New Zealand-born and raised make-up artist and body painter whose body paintings have been featured in the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue from 1999 to the most recent edition. She is considered the world's leading trompe-l'œil body painter and make-up artist, and she became famous with a Vanity FairDemi's Birthday Suit cover of Demi Moore in a body painting in 1992. Her Disappearing Model was featured on the highest rated episode of Ripley's Believe It or Not. She is the daughter of George Gair.

Raphael Mazzucco, or Rafael Mazzucco, is a Canadian fashion, art and music photographer. His photographs have appeared on the cover of three Sports IllustratedSwimsuit Issues in a four-year span, including the 2006, 2008 and 2009 main cover images, as well as the books: Sports Illustrated: Exposure and A Second Decade of Guess Images: 1991-2001. He was also commissioned to shoot Victoria's Secret's coffee table book.

Marc André Laguerre was a journalist and magazine editor, best known as the managing editor of Sports Illustrated from 1960 to 1974, during which time he oversaw the growth in the magazine from a niche publication to become the industry leader in weekly sports magazines. It was under his leadership that the annual Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue was first published. When he retired in 1974, he had been managing editor of the magazine for 704 issues, then a record among magazines published by Time, Inc., SI's parent company.

"SportsKid of the Year" was introduced by Sports Illustrated magazine after the highly successful Sportsman of the Year award was introduced in 1954. The "SportsKid of the Year" award honors a young athlete, ages seven to 15, for superior performance on the field, in the classroom and service in the community.

Kate Upton American model and actress

Katherine Elizabeth Upton is an American model and actress. Upton was named the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue Rookie of the Year following her appearance in the magazine in 2011, and was the cover model for the 2012, 2013 and 2017 issues. She was also the subject of the 100th-anniversary Vanity Fair cover. Upton has also appeared in the films Tower Heist (2011), The Other Woman (2014) and The Layover (2017).

Nina Agdal Danish model

Nina Brohus Agdal is a Danish model.

Sara Sampaio Portuguese model and actress

Sara Pinto Sampaio is a Portuguese model and actress. She is best known for being a Victoria's Secret Angel, Giorgio Armani beauty ambassador and working for Calzedonia, as well as her appearance in the 2014 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, a first for a Portuguese supermodel, for which she won Rookie of the Year.

Samantha Hoopes American model

Samantha Hoopes is an American model, best known for appearing in Carl's Jr. and Hardee's Most American Thickburger advertisement and the Sports Illustrated's 50th Anniversary Swimsuit issue in 2014.

Chase Carter is a Bahamian model. She has been on the cover of Maxim magazine.

References

Citations

  1. "New Sports Illustrated Photography Director: Brad Smith". nppa.org. February 28, 2013. Archived from the original on June 20, 2017. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  2. "Consumer Magazines". Alliance for Audited Media. Archived from the original on April 18, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2014.
  3. Plunkett, Jack W. (2006). Plunkett's Sports Industry Almanac 2007. Plunkett Research, Ltd. ISBN   1593924151.
  4. French, Alex (August 9, 2013). "The Very First Issues of 19 Famous Magazines". Mental Floss . London, England: Dennis Publishing. Archived from the original on August 10, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  5. ( MacCambridge 1997 , pp. 17–25).
  6. "Henry Luce and Time-Life's America: A Vision of Empire". American Masters , April 28, 2004.
  7. MacCambridge, Michael (1998). The Franchise: A History of Sports Illustrated Magazine. Hyperion. ISBN   9780786883578. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017.
  8. ( MacCambridge 1997 , pp. 6, 27, 42).
  9. "Designer Swimwear". Archived from the original on February 14, 2015.
  10. Sutton, Kelso F. (January 29, 1979). "Letter From The Publisher". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011.
  11. Deford, Frank: "Sometimes the Bear Eats You: Confessions of a Sportswriter". Sports Illustrated, March 29, 2010 pp. 52–62.
  12. Gold, Brian Stelter and Hadas Gold. "Meredith is putting Sports Illustrated and Time magazines on the block". CNNMoney. Archived from the original on March 29, 2018. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
  13. ( MacCambridge 1997 , pp. 108–111, 139–141, 149–151, 236)
  14. ( MacCambridge 1997 , pp. 236–238).
  15. Kolur, Nihal (November 29, 2017). "Minnesota Lynx Star Maya Moore Wins Sports Illustrated's Performer of the Year Award". Time Inc. Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on November 30, 2017. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  16. 1 2 "Sportsmen of the Year 1954–2008". Sports Illustrated. December 8, 2008. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  17. Brinson, Will (December 15, 2013). "'Sports Illustrated' names Peyton Manning its Sportsman of the Year". CBS Sports. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  18. Holland, Gerald (January 3, 1955). "1954 & Its Sportsman: Roger Bannister". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  19. "SI's 2017 Sportsperson of the Year: J.J. Watt, José Altuve". SI.com. Archived from the original on March 22, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  20. "How the Astros stuck together to become World Series champions". SI.com. Archived from the original on March 21, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  21. "Sports Illustrated honors world's greatest athletes". CNN. December 3, 1999. Archived from the original on August 19, 2011.
  22. SI Wire "SI dedicates Sportsman of the Year Legacy Award to Muhammad Ali", Sports Illustrated, September 25, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  23. Rosenberg, Michael Sports illustrated, November 30, 2017. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  24. Kelly, Greg. Sports Illustrated: The Covers. New York: Sports Illustrated Books, 2010. Print.
  25. "America's Best Sports Colleges". Sports Illustrated. October 7, 2002. Archived from the original on January 1, 2006. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
  26. "Registered & Protected by MarkMonitor". vault.sportsillustrated.cnn.com. Archived from the original on June 27, 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  27. Robert Smithies, "Through a lens lightly Archived 2016-03-13 at the Wayback Machine " (obituary of Finlayson), The Guardian, February 27, 1999. Accessed February 16, 2013.
  28. Search results for Finlayson, Sports Illustrated archive. Accessed February 17, 2013.
  29. Silver, Elliot. "CNNSi.com Sells for $5,500". DomainInvesting.com. DomainInvesting.com. Archived from the original on April 2, 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2016.

Sources

  • MacCambridge, Michael (1997), The Franchise: A History of Sports Illustrated Magazine, Hyperion Press, ISBN   0-7868-6216-5 .
  • Fleder, Rob (2005), Sports Illustrated 50: The Anniversary Book, Time Inc., ISBN   1-932273-49-2 .
  • Regli, Philip (1998), The Collectors Guide to Sports Illustrated and Sports Publications, Beckett, ISBN   1-887432-49-3 .

Further reading