State Farm Stadium

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State Farm Stadium
State Farm Stadium logo.png
Cardinals stadium crop.jpg
Exterior of the stadium, 2006
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State Farm Stadium
Location in Arizona
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Red pog.svg
State Farm Stadium
Location in the United States
Former namesCardinals Stadium (August–September 2006)
University of Phoenix Stadium (2006–2018)
Address1 Cardinals Drive
Location Glendale, Arizona
Coordinates 33°31′39″N112°15′45″W / 33.52750°N 112.26250°W / 33.52750; -112.26250 Coordinates: 33°31′39″N112°15′45″W / 33.52750°N 112.26250°W / 33.52750; -112.26250
Parking14,000 on-site parking spaces
Owner Arizona Sports and Tourism Authority
Operator SMG [1]
Executive suites88
Capacity 63,400 (expandable to 72,200; standing room to at least 78,600 [2] [3] )
SurfaceTifway 419 Hybrid Bermuda Grass
Construction
Broke groundApril 12, 2003
OpenedAugust 1, 2006
Renovated2014, 2017
Construction cost $455 million [4]
($565 million in 2018 dollars [5] )
Architect Eisenman Architects
Populous (then HOK Sport)
Structural engineerTLCP Structural, Inc. (bowl) [6]
Walter P Moore [7] to a design by Buro Happold (roof) [8]
Services engineerM-E Engineers, Inc. [9]
General contractor Hunt Construction Group [10]
Tenants
Arizona Cardinals (NFL) (2006–present)
Fiesta Bowl (NCAA) (2007–present)

State Farm Stadium, formerly known as University of Phoenix Stadium, is a multi-purpose football stadium located in Glendale, Arizona, west of Phoenix. It is the home of the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League (NFL) and the annual Fiesta Bowl. It replaced Tempe's Sun Devil Stadium as the Valley of the Sun's main stadium. The stadium is adjacent to the Gila River Arena, home of the Arizona Coyotes NHL team.

American football Team field sport

American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, which is the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, which is the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, and otherwise they turn over the football to the defense; if the offense succeeds in advancing ten yards or more, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins.

Stadium Place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events

A stadium is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field or stage either partly or completely surrounded by a tiered structure designed to allow spectators to stand or sit and view the event.

Glendale, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Glendale is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located about nine miles (14 km) northwest from Downtown Phoenix. According to the 2017 U.S. Census estimates, the population of the city is 246,709.

Contents

The stadium has hosted the Fiesta Bowl, the 2007, 2011 and 2016 College Football Playoff National Championships, Super Bowl XLII in 2008, the Pro Bowl and Super Bowl XLIX in 2015, and will host Super Bowl LVII in 2023. It was one of the stadiums for the 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup and the Copa América Centenario in 2016. It hosted the NCAA Final Four in 2017 and will do so again in 2024.

Fiesta Bowl American college football tournament

The Fiesta Bowl is an American college football bowl game played annually in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Between its origination in 1971 and 2006, the game was hosted in Tempe, Arizona at Sun Devil Stadium. Since 2007, it has been held at the State Farm Stadium in Glendale, Arizona.

2007 BCS National Championship Game

The 2007 Tostitos BCS National Championship Game was an American football game played at the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona, on January 8, 2007. It was the first time that the BCS had staged its own standalone national title game. The #1 Ohio State Buckeyes lost to the #2 Florida Gators, 41–14.

2011 BCS National Championship Game

The 2011 Tostitos BCS National Championship Game was the final college football game to determine the national champion of the 2010 NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) season. The finale of the 2010-2011 Bowl Championship Series was played at the University of Phoenix Stadium, the host facility of the Fiesta Bowl in Glendale, Arizona on January 10, 2011.

The University of Phoenix acquired the naming rights in September 2006, shortly after the stadium had opened under the name Cardinals Stadium and retained the rights until September 2018 when State Farm acquired the naming rights. The Cardinals and State Farm reached agreement on an 18-year commitment that resulted in the team’s home venue becoming State Farm Stadium. [11] [12]

The University of Phoenix (UOPX) is a for-profit university headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona. Founded in 1976, the University of Phoenix confers certificates and degrees in over 100 certificate programs and degree programs at the certificate, associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degree levels. It is regionally accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. The university has an open enrollment admission policy, requiring a high-school diploma, GED, or its equivalent as its criteria for admissions.

Naming rights financial transaction and form of advertising whereby a corporation or other entity purchases the right to name a facility or event, typically for a defined period of time

Naming rights are a financial transaction and form of advertising whereby a corporation or other entity purchases the right to name a facility or event, typically for a defined period of time. For properties like a multi-purpose arena, performing arts venue or an athletic field, the term ranges from three to 20 years. Longer terms are more common for higher profile venues such as a professional sports facility.

State Farm is a large group of insurance and financial services companies throughout the United States with corporate headquarters in Bloomington, Illinois. The group's main business is State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company, a mutual insurance firm that also owns the other State Farm companies. State Farm is ranked No. 36 on the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.

Facility information and history

Since moving to Arizona from St. Louis, Missouri in 1988, the Cardinals had played at Sun Devil Stadium on the campus of Arizona State University. The Cardinals had only planned to play there until a new stadium could be built in Phoenix. However, the savings and loan crisis derailed funding for a new stadium during the 1990s. Over time, the Cardinals expressed frustration at being merely tenants in a college football stadium. The lack of having their own stadium denied them additional revenue streams available to other NFL teams. The Cardinals campaigned several times in the years prior to its construction for a new and more modern facility.

St. Louis Independent city in the United States

St. Louis is a major independent city and inland port in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is situated along the western bank of the Mississippi River, which marks Missouri's border with Illinois. The Missouri River merges with the Mississippi River just north of the city. These two rivers combined form the fourth longest river system in the world. The city had an estimated 2017 population of 308,626 and is the cultural and economic center of the St. Louis metropolitan area, which is the largest metropolitan area in Missouri, the second-largest in Illinois, and the 20th-largest in the United States.

Missouri State of the United States of America

Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union. The largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City, Springfield, and Columbia; the capital is Jefferson City. The state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber, minerals, and recreation. The Missouri River, after which the state is named, flows through the center of the state into the Mississippi River, which makes up Missouri's eastern border.

Sun Devil Stadium an outdoor football stadium in Tempe, Arizona

Sun Devil Stadium is an outdoor football stadium on the campus of Arizona State University, in Tempe, Arizona, United States. It is home to the Arizona State Sun Devils football team of the Pac-12 Conference. The stadium's seating capacity as of 2018 is 53,599, reduced from a peak of 74,865 in 1989, and the playing surface is natural grass. The field within the stadium was named Frank Kush Field in honor of Frank Kush, the former coach of the ASU football team in 1996. Sun Devil Stadium is undergoing a $304 million renovation that is scheduled to be completed by June 2019. It was the only major football stadium in the Phoenix metropolitan area until the construction of State Farm Stadium in Glendale in 2006.

The ceremonial groundbreaking for the new stadium was held on April 12, 2003, and the 63,400-seat stadium opened on August 1, 2006 after three years of construction. The stadium was designed by Eisenman Architects and HOK Sport (now Populous). [13] The stadium is considered an architectural icon for the region and was named by Business Week as one of the 10 “most impressive” sports facilities on the globe due to the combination of its retractable roof (engineering design by Walter P Moore) and roll-in natural grass field, [14] similar to the GelreDome and the Veltins-Arena. [15]

Populous is a global architectural and design practice specializing in sports facilities, arenas and convention centers, as well as the planning and design of major special events.

GelreDome stadium

The GelreDome is a football stadium in the city of Arnhem, Netherlands. It is one of the largest and modern stadium in the country, built from 1996 to 1998 at a cost equivalent to €75 million, that opened on 25 March 1998. The stadium is the home of the association football club Vitesse Arnhem since 1998. It was one of the stadiums used during Euro 2000 tournament held in the Netherlands and Belgium.

LED video and ribbon displays from Daktronics in Brookings, South Dakota were installed in 2006 prior to Arizona's first game of the season at the new stadium. [16]

Daktronics American sign company

Daktronics is an American company based in Brookings, South Dakota that designs, manufactures, sells, and services video displays, scoreboards, digital billboards, dynamic message signs, sound systems, and related products. The company is known for its electronic LED displays. Founded in 1968 by two South Dakota State University professors, Daktronics grew from a provider of electronic voting systems for state legislatures to one of the world's largest suppliers of electronic signs. The name is a portmanteau of "Dakota" and "electronics".

Brookings, South Dakota City in South Dakota, United States

Brookings is a city in Brookings County, South Dakota, United States. Brookings is the fourth largest city in South Dakota, with a population of 22,056 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Brookings County, and home to South Dakota State University, the largest institution of higher education in the state. Also found in Brookings are the South Dakota Art Museum, the Children's Museum of South Dakota, the annual Brookings Summer Arts Festival, and the headquarters of a number of manufacturing companies and agricultural operations.

The cost of the project was $455 million. That total included $395.4 million for the stadium, $41.7 million for site improvements, and $17.8 million for the land. Contributors to the stadium included the Arizona Sports and Tourism Authority ($302.3 million), the Arizona Cardinals ($143.2 million), and the City of Glendale ($9.5 million).

The playing field outside and lined for the Arizona Cardinals. Cardinalsfield.jpg
The playing field outside and lined for the Arizona Cardinals.
The interior of State Farm Stadium with field removed. To protect the stadium's grass playing surface, non-sporting events are always held with the facility in this configuration. University of Phoenix Stadium no field.jpg
The interior of State Farm Stadium with field removed. To protect the stadium's grass playing surface, non-sporting events are always held with the facility in this configuration.

The stadium has 88 luxury suites called luxury lofts with space for 16 future suites as the stadium matures.

The 25 acres (10 ha) surrounding the stadium is called Sportsman's Park. Included within the Park is an 8-acre (3.2 ha) landscaped tailgating area called the Great Lawn.

There are no obstructed view seats in the stadium. There are visible areas in the upper deck of the end zone where seats could have been put in but were not due to the giant super columns supporting the roof structure.

Cardinals win NFC Championship, January 18, 2009 Cardswin1.jpg
Cardinals win NFC Championship, January 18, 2009

The stadium seating capacity can be expanded by 8,800 for "mega-events" such as college bowls, NFL Super Bowls, the NFC Championship Game, and the Final Four [17] by adding risers and ganged, portable "X-frame" folding seats. The endzone area on the side of the facility where the field tray rolls in and out of the facility can be expanded to accommodate the additional seats.

The roof is made out of translucent Birdair fabric and opens in 12 minutes. It is the first retractable roof ever built on an incline.

Events

The roof of State Farm Stadium. University of Phoenix Stadium roof.jpg
The roof of State Farm Stadium.

Events held at the stadium include Arizona Cardinals home games; public grand opening tours held August 19 and 20, 2006 (attended by 120,000 people); various shows, expositions, tradeshows and motor sport events; the AIA 4A and 5A state championship games for football; and international soccer exhibition matches.

The multipurpose nature of the facility has allowed it to host 91 events representing 110 event days between the dates of August 4, 2006 through the BCS National Championship January 8, 2007.

NFL

The first preseason football game was played August 12, 2006 when the Cardinals defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers, 21–13. The first regular season game was played September 10 against the San Francisco 49ers (the Cardinals won 3427). The stadium's air-conditioning system made it possible for the Cardinals to play at home on the opening weekend of the NFL season for the first time since moving to Arizona in 1988.

On October 16, 2006, the stadium hosted a notable game between the Cardinals and the undefeated Chicago Bears where the Bears came back from a 20-point deficit to defeat the Cardinals. The Bears would later go on to play in Super Bowl XLI.

University of Phoenix Stadium hosted Super Bowl XLII on February 3, 2008 in which the New York Giants defeated the previously undefeated New England Patriots 17–14 with a paid attendance crowd of 71,101. This was the second time the Phoenix area hosted a Super Bowl, the other being Super Bowl XXX held in nearby Tempe at Sun Devil Stadium in 1996 when the Dallas Cowboys defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers.

The Cardinals' first home playoff game since 1947 took place at the stadium on January 3, 2009, with Arizona beating the Atlanta Falcons, 30–24. The stadium also hosted the 2008-09 NFC Championship Game between the Cardinals and Philadelphia Eagles on January 18, 2009, which the Cardinals won 32–25 in front of over 70,000 fans in attendance.

The 2015 Pro Bowl was the first Pro Bowl to be held at the same location as the same year's Super Bowl since 2010. The Pro Bowl returned to Hawaii in 2016. [18] On February 1, 2015, the New England Patriots defeated the Seattle Seahawks in Super Bowl XLIX held at the stadium.

State Farm Stadium from a bird's-eye view UniversityofPhoenixStadiumnasa.png
State Farm Stadium from a bird's-eye view

College football

The stadium was the venue for the Fiesta Bowl on January 1, 2007 featuring the Boise State Broncos vs. the University of Oklahoma Sooners (Boise State won 43-42 in overtime); and the BCS National Championship on January 8, 2007 between the (1) Ohio State Buckeyes and the (2) University of Florida Gators, which the Gators won 41-14.

It also hosted the 2008 Fiesta Bowl between the Oklahoma Sooners and the West Virginia University Mountaineers, as well as the 2009 Fiesta Bowl between the Texas Longhorns and the Ohio State Buckeyes. It has also held many high school graduations.

On January 10, 2011, the 2011 BCS National Championship Game between the Auburn Tigers and the Oregon Ducks had an attendance record setting 78,603 on hand for the game.

On January 11, 2016, University of Phoenix Stadium hosted the College Football Playoff National Championship Game featuring No. 2 ranked Alabama Crimson Tide and No. 1 ranked Clemson Tigers.

College basketball

2017 NCAA Final Four Glendale-University of Phoenix Stadium.jpg
2017 NCAA Final Four

Before 2018, the venue was known as University of Phoenix Stadium. It hosted the Final Four, the semifinals and championship game of the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament, in 2017, and will do so again in 2024.

Soccer

On February 7, 2007, the stadium hosted a soccer match attended by 62,462 fans. The United States men's national soccer team defeated Mexico, 2–0. On January 21, 2012, the U.S. played against Venezuela and won the match 1–0.

On January 30, 2013, Mexico played against Denmark, a game that was broadcast on Televisa Deportes, UniMás, and TV Azteca. The match ended in a 1–1 draw. [19]

On November 19, 2015, the stadium was one of the sites selected for the 2016 Copa América Centenario. [20] [21] [22] The stadium hosted three matches, including Mexico vs. Uruguay on June 5, and the third-place match (United States vs. Colombia) on June 25.

In club soccer, Real Madrid battled MLS side LA Galaxy in August 2013. The Spanish side defeated the Galaxy 3–1.

The stadium has hosted the CONCACAF Gold Cup and will host the first semi-final of the 2019 Gold Cup.

DateWinning TeamResultLosing TeamTournamentSpectators
February 7, 2007Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2–0Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico International Friendly62,462
January 21, 2012Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1–0Flag of Venezuela (state).svg  Venezuela Friendly22,403
January 30, 2013Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1–1Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Friendly43,345
April 2, 2014Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2-2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Friendly59,066
June 5, 2016Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 3–1Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Copa América Centenario Group C 60,025
June 8, 2016Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 2–2Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru Copa América Centenario Group B 11,937
June 25, 2016Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 1–0Flag of the United States.svg  United States Copa América Centenario Third place playoff29,041
January 27, 2019Flag of the United States.svg  United States 3-0Flag of Panama.svg  Panama International Friendly9,040

WWE

An attendance record setting 72,219 fans at the State Farm Stadium for WrestleMania XXVI WMXXVIlive.jpg
An attendance record setting 72,219 fans at the State Farm Stadium for WrestleMania XXVI

The stadium hosted the WWE event WrestleMania XXVI which took place on March 28, 2010, with 72,219 fans in attendance. [23] This was the first WrestleMania since WrestleMania XI with a non-title match as a main event, the first WrestleMania to be held in the state of Arizona and the third to be held in an open-air venue, [23] [24] after WrestleMania IX and WrestleMania XXIV. The event grossed $5.8 million in ticket sales, making the event the highest grossing and attended entertainment event held at the University of Phoenix Stadium. [25]

Concerts

DateArtistOpening act(s)Tour / Concert nameAttendanceRevenueNotes
September 8, 2006 The Black Eyed Peas Monkey Business Tour
November 8, 2006 Rolling Stones Alice Cooper A Bigger Bang Tour 41,772 / 41,772$3,286,121
November 26, 2007 Fall Out Boy Gym Class Heroes
Plain White T's
Cute Is What We Aim For
Doug
Young Wild Things Tour N/AN/A
May 31, 2008 Kenny Chesney Keith Urban
Gary Allan
Sammy Hagar
Poets and Pirates Tour40,098 / 47,132$3,151,970
October 20, 2009 U2 The Black Eyed Peas U2 360° Tour 50,775 / 50,775$4,912,050
September 16, 2014 One Direction 5 Seconds of Summer Where We Are Tour 56,524 / 56,524$5,035,880
August 15, 2016 Guns N' Roses Zakk Wylde
Tyler Bryant & The Shakedown
Not in This Lifetime... Tour 44,110 / 48,914$4,257,189 [26]
August 4, 2017 Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
Gojira
WorldWired Tour 52,926 / 52,926$5,246,586
September 19, 2017 U2 Beck The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 42,814 / 42,814$4,169,215 [27]
May 8, 2018 Taylor Swift Camila Cabello
Charli XCX
Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour 59,157 / 59,157$7,214,478This is the highest grossing concert in the stadium to date.
September 19, 2018 Beyoncé
Jay Z
Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled On the Run II Tour 37,174 / 37,174$4,426,568
March 23, 2019 Garth Brooks Easton Corbin Stadium Tour 77,653 / 77,653N/AThis is the highest attended indoor concert in Arizona history.
May 7, 2019 The Rolling Stones TBA No Filter Tour

Other events

Other events included the Fiesta Bowl National Band Championship High School Marching Band competition. It has also held many high school graduations.

On August 1, 2009, the stadium hosted Monster Jam Summer Heat, with Maximum Destruction defeating Captain's Curse in the racing finals and Grave Digger winning the freestyle event.

The stadium hosted the inaugural Stadium Super Trucks race on April 6, 2013. [28]

On January 30, 2016, Monster Jam returned to the stadium for the first time since 2009, with 16 of the best trucks. On February 6, the AMA Supercross Championship raced for the first time, after visiting Chase Field from 1999 to 2015.

UnivOfPhxStad 09272009 pregamePano.jpg
A panoramic view of the interior of the stadium before a Cardinals football game, September 27, 2009

On February 10, 2019 Russell M. Nelson, President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, spoke to an audience of 68,000, a larger capacity than many events due to the majority of the field space being filled with seats.

Naming rights

The movable field outside of the stadium. University of Phoenix Stadium field 01.jpg
The movable field outside of the stadium.

On September 26, 2006 the University of Phoenix acquired the naming rights to the stadium totalling $154.5 million over 20 years. [29] On April 11, 2017, the University of Phoenix terminated the naming rights just 11 years into the 20-year deal, citing financial woes; however, the university kept its name on the stadium until a replacement company was found to give naming rights to. On September 4th, 2018, State Farm reached a deal securing the rights through 2036. University of Phoenix will remain involved as a sponsor with the team in a reduced capacity as the Cardinals' "official education partner."

Parking space

The stadium has approximately 14,000 on-site parking spaces (plus 12,000 adjacent spaces), [30] located in numerous lots that surround the stadium's 2,000 disabled parking spaces. The design improvement, featured for example in a Discovery program about this stadium, is zoning. Parking spaces for guests are zoned with preferred leaving directions, to achieve the fastest possible movement of traffic. [31]

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Super Bowl LVII, the 57th Super Bowl and the 53rd modern-era National Football League (NFL) championship game, will decide the league champion for the 2022 NFL season. The game is scheduled to be played on February 5, 2023 at State Farm Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. It will be the fourth Super Bowl hosted by the Phoenix metropolitan area, with the last one being Super Bowl XLIX in 2015, also held at State Farm Stadium. The game will be televised nationally by Fox.

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