"Stadium in a Park"
Soldier Field in October 2006
|Former names||Municipal Grant Park Stadium (1924–1925)|
|Address||1410 S Museum Campus Drive|
Museum Campus/11th Street
at 18th Street
|Owner||Chicago Park District|
|Acreage||7 acres (2.8 ha)|
|Surface|| Kentucky Bluegrass |
|Broke ground||August 11, 1922|
|Opened||October 9, 1924|
94 years ago
|Closed||January 19, 2002 –|
September 26, 2003 (renovations)
|Construction cost||US$13 million (original) |
($190 million in 2015 dollars)
$632 million (2001–2003 renovation)
Renovations: ($861 million in 2015 dollars )
|Architect|| Holabird & Roche |
Wood + Zapata, Inc.
Lohan Caprile Goettsch Architects
|Project manager||Hoffman Associates|
|Structural engineer||Thornton Tomasetti|
|Services engineer||Ellerbe Becket|
|General contractor||Turner/Barton Malow/Kenny|
| Notre Dame Fighting Irish football (NCAA) (1929) |
Chicago Rockets/Hornets (AAFC) (1946–1949)
Chicago Cardinals (NFL) (1959)
UIC Chikas football (NCAA) (1966) –1973)
Chicago Spurs (NPSL) (1967)
Chicago Owls (CFL) (1968–1969)
Chicago Bears (NFL) (1971–2001, 2003–present)
Chicago Sting (NASL) (1975–1976)
Chicago Fire (WFL) (1974)
Chicago Winds (WFL) (1975)
Chicago Blitz (USFL) (1983–1984)
Chicago Fire (MLS) (1998–2001, 2003–2005)
Chicago Enforcers (XFL) (2001)
Soldier Field is an American football stadium located in the Near South Side of Chicago, Illinois. It opened in 1924 and is the home field of the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL), who moved there in 1971.With a football capacity of 61,500, it is the third-smallest stadium in the NFL. In 2016, Soldier Field became the second-oldest stadium in the league when the Los Angeles Rams began playing temporarily at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, which opened a year earlier than Soldier Field.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, which is the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, which is the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, and otherwise they turn over the football to the defense; if the offense succeeds in advancing ten yards or more, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins.
The Near South Side is a community area of Chicago, Illinois, United States, just south of the downtown central business district, the Loop. The Near South Side's boundaries are as follows: North—Roosevelt Road ; South—26th Street; West—Chicago River between Roosevelt and 18th Street, Clark Street between 18th Street and Cermak Road, Federal between Cermak Road and the Stevenson Expressway just south of 25th Street, and Clark Street again between the Stevenson and 26th Street; and East—Lake Michigan.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois and the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450 (2017), it is the most populous city in the Midwestern United States. Chicago is the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States, and the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area, which is often referred to as "Chicagoland." The Chicago metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States; the fourth largest in North America ; and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area.
The stadium's interior was mostly demolished and rebuilt as part of a major renovation project in 2002, which modernized the facility but lowered seating capacity, while also causing it to be delisted as a National Historic Landmark. Soldier Field has served as the home venue for a number of other sports teams in its history, including the Chicago Cardinals of the NFL, University of Notre Dame football, and the Chicago Fire of Major League Soccer, as well as games from the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, and multiple CONCACAF Gold Cup championships. In 1968, it hosted the first Games of the Special Olympics.
A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance. Of over 90,000 places listed on the country's National Register of Historic Places, only some 2,500 are recognized as National Historic Landmarks.
The professional American football team now known as the Arizona Cardinals previously played in Chicago, Illinois as the Chicago Cardinals from 1920 to 1959 before relocating to St. Louis, Missouri for the 1960 season.
The Notre Dame Fighting Irish football team is the intercollegiate football team representing the University of Notre Dame in Notre Dame, Indiana. The team is currently coached by Brian Kelly and plays its home games at the campus's Notre Dame Stadium, which has a capacity of 77,622. Notre Dame is one of six schools that competes as an Independent at the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Football Bowl Subdivision level; however, they play five games a year against opponents from the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), which Notre Dame is a member of in all other sports except ice hockey.
Soldier Field was designed in 1919 and opened on October 9, 1924, as Municipal Grant Park Stadium. The name was changed to Soldier Field on November 11, 1925, as a memorial to U.S. soldiers who had died in combat. Its formal dedication as Soldier Field was on Saturday, November 27, 1926,during the 29th annual playing of the Army–Navy Game. Its design is in the Neoclassical style, with Doric columns rising above the East and West entrances. The stadium cost $13 million to construct ($182 million in 2015 dollars), a very large sum for a sporting venue at that time (in comparison, L.A. Memorial Coliseum had cost less than $1 million in 1923 dollars).
The Army–Navy Game is an American college football rivalry game between the Army Black Knights of the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York, and the Navy Midshipmen of the United States Naval Academy (USNA) at Annapolis, Maryland. The Black Knights and Midshipmen each represent their service's oldest officer commissioning sources. As such, the game has come to embody the spirit of the interservice rivalry of the United States Armed Forces. The game marks the end of the college football regular season and the third and final game of the season's Commander-in-Chief's Trophy series, which also includes the Air Force Falcons of the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) near Colorado Springs, Colorado.
Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century. In its purest form, it is a style principally derived from the architecture of classical antiquity, the Vitruvian principles, and the work of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio.
The Doric order was one of the three orders of ancient Greek and later Roman architecture; the other two canonical orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian. The Doric is most easily recognized by the simple circular capitals at the top of columns. Originating in the western Dorian region of Greece, it is the earliest and in its essence the simplest of the orders, though still with complex details in the entablature above.
In its earliest configuration, Soldier Field was capable of seating 74,280 spectators and was in the shape of a U. Additional seating could be added along the interior field, upper promenades and on the large, open field and terrace beyond the north endzone,bringing the seating capacity to over 100,000.
Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, and limitations set by law. Seating capacity can be used in the description of anything ranging from an automobile that seats two to a stadium that seats hundreds of thousands of people. The largest sporting venue in the world, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, has a permanent seating capacity for more than 235,000 people and infield seating that raises capacity to an approximate 400,000.
Soldier Field was used as a site for many sporting events and exhibitions. The Chicago Cardinals used it as their home field for their final season in Chicago in 1959. A dozen years later in September 1971, the Chicago Bears moved in, originally with a three-year commitment.They previously played at Wrigley Field, best known as the home of the Chicago Cubs baseball team, but were forced to move to a larger venue due to post-AFL–NFL merger policies requiring that stadium capacities seat over 50,000 spectators. They had intended to build a stadium in Arlington Heights. In 1978, the Bears and the Chicago Park District agreed to a 20-year lease and renovation of the stadium. Both parties pooled their resources for the renovation. The playing surface was AstroTurf from 1971 through 1987, replaced with natural grass in 1988.
The 1959 Chicago Cardinals season was the team's 40th and final season in Chicago. The Cardinals opened the season with a 49–21 home win over the Washington Redskins at Soldier Field, but finished with a record of two wins and ten losses, last place in the Eastern Conference. They tied with the Los Angeles Rams for the worst record in the 12-team league.
The 1971 NFL season was the 52nd regular season of the National Football League. The season ended with Super Bowl VI when the Dallas Cowboys defeated the Miami Dolphins 24–3 at Tulane Stadium in New Orleans. The Pro Bowl took place on January 23, 1972, at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum; the AFC beat the NFC 26–13.
The 1971 Chicago Bears season was their 52nd regular season completed in the National Football League. The club posted a 6–8 record, another below .500 showing, eventually costing head coach Jim Dooley his job. This was their 1st season at Soldier Field.
In 1989, Soldier Field's future was in jeopardy after a proposal was created for a "McDome", which was intended to be a domed stadium for the Bears, but was rejected by the Illinois Legislature in 1990. Because of this, Bears president Michael McCaskey considered relocation as a possible factor for a new stadium. The Bears had also purchased options in Hoffman Estates, Elk Grove Village, and Aurora. In 1995, McCaskey announced that he and Northwest Indiana developers agreed to construction of an entertainment complex called "Planet Park", which would also include a new stadium. However, the plan was rejected by the Lake County Council, and in 1998, Chicago mayor Richard M. Daley proposed that the Bears share Comiskey Park with the Chicago White Sox.
Michael McCaskey was the Chairman of the Chicago Bears in the National Football League from 1999 until 2011.
Aurora, a suburb of Chicago, is a city in DuPage, Kane, Kendall, and Will counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. Located primarily in DuPage and Kane counties, it is an outer suburb of Chicago and the second most populous city in the state, and the 114th most populous city in the country. The population was 197,899 at the 2010 census, and was estimated to have increased to 200,965 by 2017.
Richard Michael Daley is an American politician, lawyer, and author who served as the 50th Mayor of Chicago, Illinois from 1989 to 2011. Daley was elected mayor in 1989 and was reelected five times until declining to run for a seventh term. At 22 years, he was the longest-serving Chicago mayor, surpassing the tenure of his father, Richard J. Daley.
Beginning in 1978, the plank seating was replaced by individual seats with backs and armrests. In 1982, a new press box as well as 60 skyboxes were added to the stadium, boosting capacity to 66,030. In 1988, 56 more skyboxes were added increasing capacity to 66,946. Capacity was slightly increased to 66,950 in 1992. By 1994, capacity was slightly reduced to 66,944. During the renovation, seating capacity was reduced to 55,701 by building a grandstand in the open end of the U shape. This moved the field closer to both ends at the expense of seating capacity. The goal of this renovation was to move the fans closer to the field. 55 feet (17 m) away from the sidelines, the shortest distance of all NFL stadiums, until MetLife Stadium opened in 2010, with a distance of 46 feet.[ citation needed ]The front row 50-yard line seats were then now only
In 2001, the Chicago Park District, which owns the structure, faced substantial criticism when it announced plans to alter the stadium with a design by Benjamin T. Wood and Carlos Zapata of the Boston-based architecture firm Wood + Zapata. Stadium grounds were reconfigured by Chicago-based architecture firm of Lohan Associate, led by architect Dirk Lohan, the grandson of architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. The stadium's interior would be demolished and reconstructed while the exterior would be preserved. This is an example of facadism. A similar endeavor of constructing a new stadium within the confines of an historic stadium's exterior was completed in Leipzig, Germany's Red Bull Arena, which similarly built a modern stadium while persevering the exterior of the original Zentralstadion.
On January 19, 2002, the night of the Bears' playoff loss to the Philadelphia Eagles, demolition was begun as tailgate fires still burned in the trash cans in the parking lots. Removal of 24,000 stadium seats in 36 hours by Archer Seating Clearinghouse, a speed record never exceeded since, was the first step in building the new Soldier Field. Nostalgic Bears fans, recalling the glory seasons, especially 1985, along with some retired players picked up their seats in the South Parking lot.
The foremen on the job were Grant Wedding, who himself installed the seats in 1979, and Mark Wretschko who was an executive for the factory who made the 1979 seats.
Dozens of articles by writers and columnists attacked the project as an aesthetic, political, and financial nightmare. The project received mixed reviews within the architecture community, including criticism by civic and preservation groups.Prominent American architect and Chicagoan Stanley Tigerman called it "a fiasco". The Chicago Tribune architecture critic Blair Kamin dubbed it the "Eyesore on the Lake Shore". The renovation was described by some as "a spaceship landed on the stadium". Lohan responded,
I would never say that Soldier Field is an architectural landmark. Nobody has copied it; nobody has learned from it. People like it for nostalgic reasons. They remember the games and parades and tractor pulls and veterans' affairs they've seen there over the years. I wouldn't do this if it were the Parthenon. But this isn't the Parthenon.
Proponents argued the renovation was direly needed citing aging and cramped facilities. The New York Times ranked the renovated Soldier Field as one of the five best new buildings of 2003.Soldier Field was given an award in design excellence by the American Institute of Architects in 2004.
On September 23, 2004, as a result of the 2003 renovation, a 10-member federal advisory committee unanimously recommended that Soldier Field be delisted as a National Historic Landmark.The recommendation to delist was prepared by Carol Ahlgren, architectural historian at the National Park Service's Midwest Regional Office in Omaha, Nebraska. Ahlgren was quoted in Preservation Online as stating that "if we had let this stand, I believe it would have lowered the standard of National Historic Landmarks throughout the country", and, "If we want to keep the integrity of the program, let alone the landmarks, we really had no other recourse." The stadium lost the Landmark designation on February 17, 2006.
In May 2012, the stadium became the first NFL stadium to achieve LEED status.
The closest Chicago 'L' station to Soldier Field is the Roosevelt station on the Orange, Green and Red lines. The Chicago Transit Authority also operates the #128 Soldier Field Express bus route to the stadium from Ogilvie Transportation Center and Union Station. There are also two Metra stations close by—the Museum Campus/11th Street station on the Metra Electric Line, which also is used by South Shore Line trains, and 18th Street, which is only served by the Metra Electric Line. Pace also provides access from the Northwest, West and Southwest suburbs to the stadium with four express routes from Schaumburg, Lombard, Bolingbrook, Burr Ridge, Palos Heights and Oak Lawn.
NIU Huskies football plays select games at Soldier Field, all of which have featured the Huskies hosting a team from the Big Ten Conference. Northern Illinois University (NIU) is located in DeKalb, 65 miles (105 km) to the west on Interstate 88.
Notre Dame Fighting Irish football used the stadium as home field for the 1929 season while Notre Dame Stadium was being constructed. The school has used Soldier Field for single games on occasion both prior to and since the 1929 season.
The Notre Dame Fighting Irish and Miami RedHawks played a doubleheader on February 17, 2013 with the Wisconsin Badgers and Minnesota Golden Gophers in the Hockey City Classic, the first outdoor hockey game in the history of the stadium.A Chicago Gay Hockey Association intra-squad game was held in affiliation with the Hockey City Classic.
The Chicago Blackhawks played against the Pittsburgh Penguins on March 1, 2014 as part of the NHL's Stadium Series. The Blackhawks defeated the Penguins 5-1 before a sold-out crowd of 62,921.The team also held its 2015 Stanley Cup Championship celebration at the stadium instead of Grant Park, where other city championships have typically been held, due to recent rains.
February 7, 2015 Soldier Field hosted another edition of the Hockey City Classic. The event had been delayed due to unusually warm weather (42 °F) and complications with the quality of the ice. The 2015 edition of the Hockey City Classic featured a match between Miami of Ohio and Western Michigan, followed by a match between the Big Ten's Michigan and Michigan State February 5 the organizers of the Hockey City Classic organized the Unite on the Ice event benefiting St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The event was centered upon a celebrity hockey game with former NHL and AHL players, as well as a public free skate at Soldier Field. Participants in the celebrity game included Éric Dazé, Jamal Mayers and Gino Cavallini. Denis Savard was in attendance, serving as an 'honorary coach' during the game. February 15, 2015 Soldier Field hosted another Chicago Gay Hockey Association intra-league match in association with the Hockey City Classic at Soldier Field.
|Date||Away Team||Result||Home Team||Spectators|
|February 17, 2013||Miami (OH)||1-2||Notre Dame||52,051|
|March 1, 2014||Pittsburgh Penguins||1-5||Chicago Blackhawks||62,921|
|February 7, 2015||Miami (OH)||4-3||Western Michigan||22,751|
|Date||Time (CDT)||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|June 17, 1994||14:00||1–0||Group C/Opening Match||63,117|
|June 21, 1994||15:00||1–1||Group C||63,113|
|June 26, 1994||11:30||0–4||Group D||63,160|
|June 27, 1994||15:00||1–3||Group C||63,089|
|July 2, 1994||11:00||3–2||Round of 16||60,246|
|Date||Time (CDT)||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|June 24, 1999||17.00||2–0||Group B||65,080|
|June 26, 1999||16.00||0–2||Group D||34,256|
2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|21 June 2007||1–2||Semifinals||50,760|
|24 June 2007||2–1||Final||60,000|
2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|23 July 2009||1–2||Semifinals||55,173|
|1–1 (3-5 pen)|
2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|12 June 2011||6–1||Group A||62,000|
2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|28 July 2013||1–0||Final||57,920|
2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|July 9, 2015||3–1||Group C||54,126|
|Date||Time (CDT)||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Spectators|
|June 5, 2016||16:00||0–1||Group C||25,560|
|June 7, 2016||19:00||4–0||Group A||39,642|
|June 10, 2016||20:30||5–0||Group D||53,885|
|June 22, 2016||19:00||0–2||Semi-finals||55,423|
The first Special Olympics games were held at Soldier Field on July 20, 1968. The games involved more than 1,000 people with intellectual disabilities from 26 U.S. states and Canada competing in track and field and swimming. In 1970, the second international games occurred, when Special Olympics returned to Soldier Field.
The stadium hosted its first international rugby union test match between the United States Eagles and New Zealand All Blacks on November 1, 2014 as part of the 2014 end-of-year rugby union tests.More than half of the 61,500 tickets were sold within two days. The All Blacks beat the Eagles 74–6. The stadium hosted its second international rugby union match on September 5, 2015 with the United States hosting Australia as part of the 2015 Rugby World Cup warm-up matches shortly before both teams were due to travel to England for the 2015 Rugby World Cup. The Eagles were defeated 47–10. Ireland beat New Zealand 40-29 on November 5, 2016 at Soldier Field, as part of the 2016 end-of-year rugby union internationals – the very first time Ireland had beaten the All Blacks in a Test match in 111 years of play.
|November 1, 2014|| New Zealand ||74–6||61,500|
|September 5, 2015|| Australia ||47-10||23,212|
|November 5, 2016|| Ireland ||40-29||60,000|
|November 3, 2018|| New Zealand ||67-6||35,051|
|November 3, 2018|| Ireland ||54-7||35,051|
|November 3, 2018|| Māori All Blacks ||59-22||35,051|
|Date||Artist||Opening act(s)||Tour / concert name||Attendance / Capacity||Revenue||Notes|
|August 21, 1937|| Lily Pons |
|N/A||8th Annual Chicagoland Music Festival||N/A||N/A|
|August 15, 1964|| Johnny Cash |
|N/A||Chicagoland Music Festival||N/A||N/A|
|August 9, 1966||Barbra Streisand||N/A||An Evening with Barbra Streisand Tour||N/A||N/A|
|July 18, 1970||N/A||WCFL's Big Ten Summer Music Festival||N/A||N/A|
|June 4, 1977||Emerson, Lake & Palmer|| Foghat |
The J. Geils Band
Climax Blues Band
|June 19, 1977||Pink Floyd||N/A||In the Flesh Tour||95,000||N/A|
|July 9, 1977||Lynyrd Skynyrd||Point Blank||77,197||N/A|
|July 10, 1977||Ted Nugent|| Lynyrd Skynyrd |
|Super Bowl of Rock #3||N/A||N/A|
|August 13, 1977||Peter Frampton|| Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet Band|
|July 8, 1978||The Rolling Stones||Journey|
Southside Johnny & The Asbury Jukes
|The Rolling Stones US Tour 1978||N/A||N/A|
|August 26, 1978||Parliament-Funkadelic|| The Bar-Kays |
Con Funk Shun
A Taste of Honey
|July 19, 1980||Smokey Robinson||The O'Jays||N/A||N/A|
|August 10–18, 1983||N/A||ChicagoFest||N/A||N/A|
|August 9, 1985||Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band||N/A||Born in the U.S.A. Tour||71,222 / 71,222||$1,228,500|
|July 31, 1987||Madonna||Level 42||Who's That Girl World Tour||47,407 / 47,407||$1,066,658|
|July 29, 1990||Paul McCartney||N/A||The Paul McCartney World Tour||55,630 / 55,630||$1,807,975|
|June 22, 1990||Grateful Dead||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|June 25, 1992||Steve Miller Band|
|June 26, 1992|
|June 18, 1993||Sting|
|June 19, 1993|
|July 12, 1994||Pink Floyd||N/A||The Division Bell Tour||51,981 / 51,981||$2,056,105|
|July 23, 1994||Grateful Dead||Traffic||N/A||N/A|
|July 24, 1994|
|September 11, 1994||The Rolling Stones||Lenny Kravitz||Voodoo Lounge Tour||90,303 / 90,303||$4,194,320|
|September 12, 1994|
|July 8, 1995||Grateful Dead||The Band||N/A||N/A||The 1995 Grateful Dead concerts were the band's last, as guitarist and vocalist Jerry Garcia died a month later.|
|July 9, 1995|
|July 11, 1995||Pearl Jam|| Bad Religion |
|September 14, 1996||Little Feat||Taj Mahal||N/A||N/A|
|June 27, 1997||U2||Fun Lovin' Criminals||PopMart Tour||116,912 / 127,500||$5,956,587|
|June 28, 1997|
|June 29, 1997|
|July 18, 1997||N/A||Vans Warped Tour||N/A||N/A|
|September 23, 1997||The Rolling Stones||Blues Traveler||Bridges to Babylon Tour||107,186 / 107,186||$6,260,000|
|September 25, 1997|
|May 10, 1998||George Strait||N/A||Country Music Festival Tour||N/A||N/A|
|April 25, 1999|
|May 13, 2000||Wilco||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|June 29, 2000||Dave Matthews Band|| Ben Harper & The Innocent Criminals|
|The Summer 2000 Tour||115,006 / 115,006||$5,175,270|
|June 30, 2000|
|June 16, 2001||NSYNC|| BBMak |
|PopOdyssey||85,650 / 103,903||$4,739,359|
|June 17, 2001|
|July 6, 2001||Dave Matthews Band|| Buddy Guy |
|The Summer 2001 Tour||103,675 / 103,675||$4,834,864|
|July 7, 2001|
|September 10, 2005||The Rolling Stones||Los Lonely Boys||A Bigger Bang||55,046 / 55,046||$7,231,427|
|July 21, 2006||Bon Jovi||Nickelback||Have a Nice Day Tour||52,612 / 52,612||$3,988,455|
|October 11, 2006||The Rolling Stones||Elvis Costello & The Imposters||A Bigger Bang||33,296 / 33,296||$4,020,721|
|June 21, 2008||Kenny Chesney|| Keith Urban |
|The Poets and Pirates Tour||46,463 / 48,585||$4,063,663|
|October 11–12, 2008||N/A||Chicago Country Music Festival||N/A||N/A|
|June 13, 2009||Kenny Chesney|| Lady Antebellum |
|Sun City Carnival Tour||48,763 / 50,109||$3,184,606|
|September 12, 2009||U2||Snow Patrol||U2 360° Tour||135,872 / 135,872||$13,860,480|
|September 13, 2009|
|June 12, 2010||N/A||The Bamboozle Roadshow 2010||N/A||N/A||Event held at Soldier Field parking lot|
|June 19, 2010||Eagles|| Dixie Chicks |
JD & The Straight Shot
|Long Road Out of Eden Tour||29,233 / 32,420||$3,186,493|
|July 7, 2010||deadmau5|| Rye Rye |
|July 30, 2010||Bon Jovi||Kid Rock||The Circle Tour||95,959 / 95,959||$8,606,259|
|July 31, 2010|
|July 5, 2011||U2||Interpol||U2 360° Tour||64,297 / 64,297||$5,786,335|
|August 23, 2011||Wayne Baker Brooks||Sugar Blue||N/A||N/A|
|July 7, 2012||Kenny Chesney|
| Jake Owen |
Grace Potter and the Nocturnals
|Brothers of the Sun Tour||51,100 / 51,100||$5,109,399|
|July 12, 2013||Bon Jovi||The J. Geils Band||Because We Can||45,178 / 45,178||$4,690,204|
|July 22, 2013|| Jay-Z |
|DJ Cassidy||Legends of the Summer||52,671 / 52,671||$5,715,152|
|August 10, 2013||Taylor Swift|| Ed Sheeran |
|The Red Tour||50,809 / 50,809||$4,149,148|
|July 24, 2014|| Beyoncé |
|N/A||On the Run Tour||50,035 / 50,035||$5,783,396|
|August 29, 2014||One Direction||5 Seconds of Summer||Where We Are Tour||104,617 / 104,617||$9,446,247||During the August 29 show, the band performed a cover of "Happy Birthday" by Mildred J. Hill dedicated to Liam, and one of "The Way You Make Me Feel" by Michael Jackson.|
|August 30, 2014|
|August 31, 2014||Luke Bryan|| Dierks Bentley |
|That's My Kind of Night Tour||50,529 / 50,529||$3,754,362|
|June 6, 2015||Kenny Chesney|
| Brantley Gilbert |
|The Big Revival Tour||43,630 / 48,278||$3,776,207||Chesney was the main headliner, Lambert joined as the co-headliner only for the Chicago show|
|July 3, 2015||Grateful Dead||N/A||Fare Thee Well: Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead||210,283 / 210,283||$30,683,274||50th Anniversary concerts|
|July 4, 2015|
|July 5, 2015|
|July 18, 2015||Taylor Swift|| Vance Joy |
|The 1989 World Tour||110,109 / 110,109||$11,469,887||Andy Grammer and Serayah were special guests on the July 18 show|
|July 19, 2015||Sam Hunt and Andreja Pejić & Lily Donaldson were special guests on the July 19 show|
|August 23, 2015||One Direction||Icona Pop||On the Road Again Tour||41,527 / 41,527||$3,382,655|
|May 27, 2016||Beyoncé||Rae Sremmurd||The Formation World Tour||89,270 / 89,270||$11,279,890|
|May 28, 2016||DJ Scratch|
|July 1, 2016||Guns N' Roses||Alice in Chains||Not in This Lifetime... Tour||82,172 / 96,088||$8,843,684|
|July 3, 2016|
|July 23, 2016||Coldplay|| Alessia Cara |
|A Head Full of Dreams Tour||95,323 / 95,323||$10,215,572||The July 23 show was cut short due to inclement weather.|
|July 24, 2016|
|June 3, 2017||U2||The Lumineers||The Joshua Tree Tour 2017||105,078 / 105,078||$13,435,925|
|June 4, 2017|
|June 18, 2017||Metallica|| Avenged Sevenfold |
Mix Master Mike
|WorldWired Tour||51,041 / 51,041||$6,093,976|
|August 17, 2017||Coldplay|| AlunaGeorge |
|A Head Full of Dreams Tour||52,726 / 52,726||$6,026,402|
|June 1, 2018||Taylor Swift|| Camila Cabello |
|Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour||105,208 / 105,208||$14,576,697|
|June 2, 2018|
|July 28, 2018||Kenny Chesney|| Thomas Rhett |
|Trip Around The Sun Tour||52,189 / 52,189||$5,751,195|
|August 10, 2018||Beyoncé|
|Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled||On the Run II Tour||86,602 / 86,602||$12,303,099||During the second show, “Summer” was added to the setlist. “Apeshit” was also performed for the first time in its entirety with choreography and background dancers.|
|August 11, 2018|
|October 4, 2018||Ed Sheeran|| Snow Patrol |
|May 11, 2019||BTS||BTS World Tour Love Yourself: Speak Yourself||TBA||TBA|
|May 12, 2019|
|June 21, 2019||The Rolling Stones||No Filter Tour||TBA||TBA|
|June 25, 2019|
The Arizona Cardinals are a professional American football franchise based in the Phoenix metropolitan area. The Cardinals compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) West division. The Cardinals were founded as the Morgan Athletic Club in 1898, and are the oldest continuously run professional football team in the United States. The Cardinals play their home games at State Farm Stadium, which opened in 2006 and is located in the northwestern suburb of Glendale.
The Chicago Bears are a professional American football team based in Chicago, Illinois. The Bears compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) North division. The Bears have won nine NFL Championships, including one Super Bowl, and hold the NFL record for the most enshrinees in the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the most retired jersey numbers. The Bears have also recorded more victories than any other NFL franchise.
The Green Bay Packers are a professional American football team based in Green Bay, Wisconsin. The Packers compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) North division. It is the third-oldest franchise in the NFL, dating back to 1919, and is the only non-profit, community-owned major league professional sports team based in the United States. Home games have been played at Lambeau Field since 1957.
Lambeau Field is an outdoor athletic stadium in the north central United States, located in Green Bay, Wisconsin. The home field of the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League (NFL), it opened in 1957 as City Stadium, replacing the original City Stadium at East High School as the Packers' home field. Informally known as New City Stadium for its first eight seasons, it was renamed in August 1965 in memory of Packers founder, player, and long-time head coach, Curly Lambeau, who had died two months earlier.
Lincoln Financial Field is an American football stadium located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. It serves as the home stadium of the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League (NFL) and the Temple Owls football team of Temple University. It is located in South Philadelphia on Pattison Avenue between 11th and South Darien streets, also alongside I-95 as part of the South Philadelphia Sports Complex. It has a seating capacity of 69,176. Many locals refer to the stadium simply as "The Linc".
Michigan Stadium, nicknamed "The Big House", is the football stadium for the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan. It is the largest stadium in the United States, the second largest stadium in the world and the 34th largest sports venue. Its official capacity is 107,601, but it has hosted crowds in excess of 115,000.
Ronald Eugene "Ron" Rivera also known as "Riverboat Ron" is an American football coach and former player who is the head coach of the Carolina Panthers of the National Football League (NFL). He has also been the defensive coordinator for the Chicago Bears and San Diego Chargers.
James Joseph Harbaugh is an American football coach and former player who is currently the head football coach of the University of Michigan Wolverines and is a former quarterback. He played college football at Michigan for coach Bo Schembechler from 1983 to 1986 and played in the National Football League (NFL) for 14 seasons from 1987 to 2000. He then served as the head coach of the San Diego Toreros (2004–2006), the Stanford Cardinal (2007–2010), and the NFL's San Francisco 49ers (2011–2014). In 2015, Harbaugh returned to his alma mater, Michigan.
The 1970 NFL season was the 51st regular season of the National Football League, and the first one after the AFL–NFL merger. The season concluded with Super Bowl V when the Baltimore Colts beat the Dallas Cowboys 16–13 at the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida. The Pro Bowl took place on January 24, 1971, where the NFC beat the AFC 27–6 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.
State Farm Stadium, formerly known as University of Phoenix Stadium, is a multi-purpose football stadium located in Glendale, Arizona, west of Phoenix. It is the home of the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League (NFL) and the annual Fiesta Bowl. It replaced Tempe's Sun Devil Stadium as the Valley of the Sun's main stadium. The stadium is adjacent to the Gila River Arena, home of the Arizona Coyotes NHL team.
The Chicago Bears American football franchise is a charter member of the National Football League (NFL) and have played in all of the league's 99 seasons. The Bears have captured nine NFL championships – eight NFL championships and one Super Bowl – second most all time behind the Green Bay Packers. The franchise has also recorded more victories than any other franchise with 739, retired the most uniform numbers with fourteen, and have the most members in the Pro Football Hall of Fame with twenty-seven.
Sports in Chicago include many professional sports teams. Chicago is one of ten U.S. cities to have teams from the five major American professional team sports. Chicago has been named as the Best Sports City by Sporting News three times in 1993, 2006, and 2010.
The 2010 NFL season was the 91st regular season of the National Football League.
The 2006 Chicago Bears season was the franchise's 87th season in the National Football League and 25th post-season completed in the National Football League. The Bears posted a 13–3 regular season record, the best in the NFC, improving on their previous year’s record of 11–5. The Bears retained their NFC North divisional title, and won the National Football Conference Championship title against the New Orleans Saints, on January 21, 2007. The Bears played the Indianapolis Colts at Super Bowl XLI, where they lost 29–17. They finished the 2006 NFL season tied for second in points scored, and third in points allowed.
The Bears–Packers rivalry is a National Football League (NFL) rivalry between the Chicago Bears and the Green Bay Packers. The two clubs have won a combined 22 NFL championships, including 5 Super Bowl championships and have 65 members in the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
The 1986 Washington Redskins season was the franchise's 55th season in the National Football League (NFL) and their 51st in Washington, D.C.. The team improved on their 10–6 record from 1985 and returned to the playoffs after missing them the previous year, finishing with a 12–4 record, a second place finish in the NFC East, and qualified for the playoffs as a wild card. They defeated the Los Angeles Rams in the NFC Wild Card Game at RFK Stadium, then upset the defending champion Chicago Bears in the Divisional Playoffs. The season came to an end in the NFC Championship Game when the Redskins were defeated by their division rivals, the New York Giants.
The 2010 Chicago Bears season was the franchise's 91st season overall in the National Football League. Coming off a disappointing 7–9 record in the 2009 season and failing to qualify for the NFL playoffs for a third consecutive season, the Bears sought to develop their roster and improve on their record in 2010, particularly their standing in the NFC North. All Bears home games were scheduled to be played at Soldier Field. With their final regular season record at 11–5, the Bears improved drastically on their 2009 record. Their regular season finished with their first playoff appearance since the Super Bowl season of 2006, winning the NFC North division and earning a bye as the NFC's second seed. The Bears won their first game in the Divisional round of the playoffs, defeating the Seattle Seahawks on January 16, 2011, to advance to the NFC Championship game. The Chicago Bears's 2010 season came to an end January 23, 2011 with a 21–14 loss to their longtime rivals and eventual Super Bowl champion Green Bay Packers in the NFC Championship Game.
The 2011 Chicago Bears season was the franchise's 92nd overall season in the National Football League, and the 8th under head coach Lovie Smith. The Bears, defending NFC North Division champions, attempted a return to the playoffs after falling in the NFC Championship Game to their arch-rivals the Green Bay Packers. The club was scheduled to partake in the Pro Football Hall of Fame Game but due to the lockout, the game was cancelled. The Bears traveled to Wembley Stadium in London to take on the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the NFL International Series and played the Packers on Christmas Day evening in the only scheduled game on that day. The Bears finished the season with an 8–8 record and did not qualify for the playoffs again until 2018.
In 1929 a new stadium was under construction at Notre Dame, and the team played its entire home season at Soldier Field
UIC started playing football at Soldier Field in 1966
their last home game at Soldier Field, on November 3, 1973
The zoom-out continues, to a view of 100 meters (10^2 m), then 1 kilometer (10^3 m), and so on, increasing the perspective. The picnic is revealed to be taking place near Soldier Field on Chicago's waterfront, and continuing to zoom out to a field of view of 10^24 meters, or the size of the observable universe.
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