Heavyweight

Last updated

Heavyweight is a weight class in combat sports and professional wrestling.

Contents

Boxing

Professional

Boxers who weigh over 200 pounds (91 kg; 14 st 4 lb) are considered heavyweights by 3 of the 4 major professional boxing organizations: the International Boxing Federation, [1] the World Boxing Association, [2] and the World Boxing Organization. [3] In 2020, the World Boxing Council [4] increased their heavyweight classification to 224 pounds ( 102 kg; 16 st) to allow for their creation of the bridgerweight division.

Historical development

Because this division had no weight limit, it has been historically vaguely defined. In the 19th century, for example, many heavyweight champions weighed 170 pounds (77 kg; 12 st 2 lb) or less (although others weighed 200 pounds).

In 1920, the light heavyweight division was formed, with a maximum weight of 175 pounds (79 kg; 12 st 7 lb). Any fighter weighing more than 175 pounds was a heavyweight. The cruiserweight division (first for boxers in the 175–190 pound range) was established in 1979 and recognized by the various boxing organizations in the 1980s with a maximum weight of either 190 pounds (86 kg; 13 st 8 lb) or 195 pounds (88 kg; 13 st 13 lb). Later these organizations increased the cruiserweight limit to 200 pounds.

Since 1975, the Amateur Athletic Union of the United States and the Soviet Sports Committee established a new concept in international boxing, called "Heavy Duals," an all-heavyweight team contest between the United States and the Soviet Union. [5]

As of 2020, Wladimir Klitschko holds record of most boxers beaten for the world heavyweight title, with 23. [6] [7] [8] Klitschko holds the record for the longest cumulative heavyweight title reign of all time, with 4,382 days as world heavyweight champion. [6] [7] Joe Louis has won the most world heavyweight title bouts, with 27. [7] Louis holds the record for most consecutive title defenses at this division, with 26 defenses of the world title. [nb 1] This is also the record for most consecutive title defenses in boxing history. [9] Evander Holyfield, Michael Moorer, Lennox Lewis, Vitali Klitschko and Ruslan Chagaev have held various versions of the title belts on three occasions. Four boxers have regained the heavyweight title in an immediate rematch: Floyd Patterson in 1960, Muhammad Ali in 1978, Lennox Lewis in 2001, and Anthony Joshua in 2019. Mike Tyson holds the record for being the youngest heavyweight to ever have achieve championship status, becoming champion at the age of 20. Tyson also became the first heavyweight to own all three major belts – WBA, WBC, and IBF as well as The Ring and lineal heavyweight titles at the same time.

Current world champions

Sanctioning BodyReign BeganChampionRecordDefensesBeaten opponents
WBA (Super) December 7, 2019 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Anthony Joshua 24–111
WBC February 22, 2020 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Tyson Fury 30–0–100
IBF December 7, 2019 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Anthony Joshua 24–111
WBO December 7, 2019 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Anthony Joshua 24–111

Current world rankings

The Ring

As of June8, 2021. [10]

Keys:

 C  Current The Ring world champion
RankNameRecord (W–L–D)Title(s)
C Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Tyson Fury 30–0–1 (21 KO) WBC
1 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Anthony Joshua 24–1 (22 KO) IBF, WBA, WBO
2 Flag of the United States.svg Deontay Wilder 42–1–1 (41 KO)
3 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dillian Whyte 28–2 (19 KO)
4 Flag of Cuba.svg Luis Ortiz 32–2 (27 KO)
5 Flag of New Zealand.svg Joseph Parker 29–2 (21 KO)
6 Flag of the United States.svg Flag of Mexico.svg Andy Ruiz Jr. 34–2 (22 KO)
7 Flag of the United States.svg Michael Hunter 19–1–1 (13 KO)
8 Flag of Russia.svg Alexander Povetkin 36–3–1 (25 KO)
9 Flag of Colombia.svg Oscar Rivas 27–1 (19 KO)
10 Flag of Ukraine.svg Oleksandr Usyk 18–0 (13 KO)
BoxRec

As of June8, 2021. [11]

RankNameRecord (W–L–D)PointsTitle(s)
1 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Tyson Fury 30–0–1 (21 KO)1015 WBC
2 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Anthony Joshua 24–1 (22 KO)761.9 IBF, WBA, WBO
3 Flag of the United States.svg Deontay Wilder 42–1–1 (41 KO)548.6
4 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dillian Whyte 28–2 (19 KO)283.4
5 Flag of Ukraine.svg Oleksandr Usyk 18–0 (13 KO)244.5
6 Flag of Russia.svg Alexander Povetkin 36–3–1 (25 KO)222.6
7 Flag of the United States.svg Flag of Mexico.svg Andy Ruiz Jr. 34–2 (22 KO)205.5
8 Flag of the United States.svg Michael Hunter 19–1–1 (13 KO)128.9
9 Flag of New Zealand.svg Joseph Parker 29–2 (21 KO)86.61
10 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Derek Chisora 32–11 (23 KO)80.73

Longest-reigning world heavyweight champions

Keys:

  Active title reign
  Reign has ended
Note 1: WBA (Regular) champions are not included
Note 2: WBO heavyweight title bouts before August 1997 are not included [12]
Note 3: The names in italics are champions that did not win The Ring championship (1922–1989, 2002–)/lineal championship (1885–1921)/undisputed championship (1922–)
Combined reign

The list does not include The Ring and lineal championship fights after 1921.

As of 22 February 2020.

Pos.NameCombined reignDays as championNumber of reignsTitle recognitionTitle fight winsBeaten opponentsFights
1. Flag of Ukraine.svg Wladimir Klitschko 12 years, 0 months, 0 days4 3822WBA, IBF, WBO2523 [13]
2. Flag of the United States.svg Joe Louis 11 years, 8 months, 8 days4 2701NYSAC, NBA2722 [14] [15]
3. Flag of the United States.svg Muhammad Ali 9 years, 5 months, 5 days3 4433NYSAC, WBA, WBC2221 [16]
4. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Lennox Lewis 8 years, 5 months, 13 days3 0863WBA, WBC, IBF1515 [17]
5. Flag of Ukraine.svg Vitali Klitschko 7 years, 5 months, 28 days2 7353WBC, WBO1515 [18]
6. Flag of the United States.svg Larry Holmes 7 years, 3 months, 12 days2 6611WBC, IBF2020 [19]
7. Flag of the United States.svg Jack Dempsey 7 years, 2 months, 19 days2 6381NYSAC, NBA66 [20]
8. Flag of the United States.svg John L. Sullivan 7 years, 0 months, 10 days2 5661lineal11 [21]
9. Flag of the United States.svg Jack Johnson 6 years, 3 months, 11 days2 2921lineal66 [22]
10. Flag of the United States.svg Evander Holyfield 6 years, 1 month, 1 day2 2234WBA, WBC, IBF109 [23]
11. Flag of the United States.svg James J. Jeffries 5 years, 11 months, 4 days2 1561lineal86 [24]
12. Flag of the United States.svg Deontay Wilder 5 years, 1 months, 5 days1 8591WBC108 [25]
13. Flag of the United States.svg Joe Frazier 4 years, 10 months, 18 days1 7851NYSAC, WBA, WBC1010 [26]
14. Flag of the United States.svg Floyd Patterson 4 years, 10 months, 0 days1 7652NYSAC, NBA87 [27]
15. Flag of the United States.svg James J. Corbett 4 years, 6 months, 10 days1 6521lineal22 [28]
Individual reign

Below is a list of longest reigning heavyweight champions in boxing measured by the individual's longest reign. The list includes both The Ring and lineal championships. Career total time as champion (for multiple time champions) does not apply.

Note: The names in italics are champions that did not win The Ring championship (1922–1989, 2002–)/lineal championship (1885–1921)/undisputed championship (1922–) during the reign
Pos.NameTitle ReignTitle recognitionSuccessful defensesBeaten opponents [29] Fights
1. Flag of the United States.svg Joe Louis 11 years, 8 months, 8 dayslineal2621 [14] [15]
2. Flag of Ukraine.svg Wladimir Klitschko 9 years, 7 months and 6 daysIBF (+WBA, WBO, The Ring/Lineal)1817 [13]
3. Flag of the United States.svg Larry Holmes 7 years, 3 months, 12 daysWBC-to-IBF (+The Ring/Lineal)1919 [19]
4. Flag of the United States.svg Jack Dempsey 7 years, 2 months, 19 dayslineal55 [20]
5. Flag of the United States.svg John L. Sullivan 7 years, 0 months, 9 dayslineal00 [21]
6. Flag of the United States.svg Jack Johnson 6 years, 3 months, 10 dayslineal55 [22]
7. Flag of the United States.svg Muhammad Ali 5 years, 11 months, 9 daysThe Ring/Lineal, (+WBA, WBC stripped)99 [16]
8. Flag of the United States.svg James J. Jeffries 5 years, 11 months, 4 dayslineal76 [24]
9. Flag of Ukraine.svg Vitali Klitschko 5 years, 2 months, 4 daysWBC99 [18]
10. Flag of the United States.svg Deontay Wilder 5 years, 1 month 5 daysWBC109 [25]
11. Flag of the United States.svg Joe Frazier 4 years, 10 months, 18 daysNYSAC (+WBA, WBC)99 [26]
12. Flag of the United States.svg James J. Corbett 4 years, 6 months, 10 dayslineal11 [28]
13. Flag of the United States.svg Jess Willard 4 years, 2 months, 29 dayslineal11 [30]
14. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Lennox Lewis 4 years, 2 months, 15 daysWBC (+IBF, WBA stripped, The Ring/Lineal)98 [17]
15. Flag of the United States.svg Rocky Marciano 3 years, 11 months, 29 dayslineal65 [31]

Amateur

The lower limit for heavyweight was established in 1948 at 81 kg (178.6 lb). A weight class named "super heavyweight" was established in 1984, and with it a maximum 91 kg (200.6 lb) for the heavyweight division.

Kickboxing

Mixed martial arts

The heavyweight division in MMA generally groups fighters between 205 and 265 lb (93 and 120 kg).

Heavyweight is also the title of a documentary film that documented the fight camp of Fabricio Werdum when he became the UFC Heavyweight Champion. [32]

Professional wrestling

The term "world heavyweight" in modern wrestling generally refers to a champion wrestler who is seen as a prominent competitor, rather than an adherent to a particular weight class. The World Heavyweight Championship in wrestling is usually considered the main title in a given promotion. Prior to the wrestling industry publicly acknowledging the predetermined nature of the sport, a Heavyweight title was generally competed for by larger wrestlers while smaller wrestlers competed as (among other names and classifications) "Junior Heavyweights" and "Light-Heavyweights".

Analogous uses

The word "heavyweight" is sometimes used in other fields (e.g. politics) to denote a person who is especially powerful or influential. In this context, "big beast" has a similar meaning. Other boxing analogies include "punching above his [their] weight" to denote a person or entity (e.g. a country) whose influence is arguably greater than his/its basic attributes would suggest.

Related Research Articles

Lennox Lewis British-Canadian boxer

Lennox Claudius Lewis is a former professional boxer who competed from 1989 to 2003. He is a three-time world heavyweight champion, a two-time lineal champion, and remains the last heavyweight to hold the undisputed championship. Holding dual British and Canadian citizenship, Lewis represented Canada as an amateur at the 1988 Summer Olympics, winning a gold medal in the super-heavyweight division after defeating Riddick Bowe in the final.

World Boxing Organization Sanctioning organization which recognizes professional boxing world champions

The World Boxing Organization (WBO) is an organization which sanctions professional boxing bouts. It is recognized by the International Boxing Hall of Fame (IBHOF) as one of the four major world championship groups, alongside the World Boxing Association (WBA), World Boxing Council (WBC), and International Boxing Federation (IBF). The WBO's headquarters are located in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Wladimir Klitschko Ukrainian boxer

Wladimir Wladimirowitsch Klitschko is a Ukrainian former professional boxer who competed from 1996 to 2017. He held the world heavyweight championship twice, including the unified WBA (Super), IBF, WBO, IBO, and Ring magazine titles. A strategic and intelligent boxer, Klitschko is considered to be one of the best heavyweight champions of all time. He was known for his exceptional knockout power, using a strong jab, straight right hand and left hook, as well as great footwork and mobility, unusual for boxers of his size.

Bantamweight is a weight class in combat sports. For boxing the range is above 115 lb (52.2 kg) and up to 118 lb (53.5 kg). In kickboxing, a bantamweight fighter generally weighs between 53 and 55 kilograms. In MMA, bantamweight is 126–135 lb (57.2–61.2 kg).

Featherweight is a weight class in the combat sports of boxing, kickboxing, mixed martial arts, and Greco-Roman wrestling. It is anybody from 57 to 60 kg.

Welterweight is a weight class in combat sports. Originally the term "welterweight" was used only in boxing, but other combat sports like Muay Thai, taekwondo, and mixed martial arts also use it for their own weight division system to classify the opponents. In most sports that use it, welterweight is heavier than lightweight but lighter than middleweight.

Light heavyweight, also referred to as junior cruiserweight or light cruiserweight, is a weight class in combat sports.

Cruiserweight, also referred to as junior heavyweight, is a weight class in professional boxing between light heavyweight and heavyweight. Before the advent of the current cruiserweight class, "light heavyweight" and "cruiserweight" were sometimes used interchangeably in the United Kingdom.

Super middleweight, or light cruiserweight, is a weight class in combat sports.

Klitschko brothers Ukrainian boxers

Vitali Klitschko and Wladimir Klitschko, known as the Klitschko Brothers, are Ukrainian former professional boxers. During their peak years between 2004 and 2015, they were considered the dominant world heavyweight champions of their era, and among the most successful champions in boxing history. In 2011, they entered the Guinness World Records book as the pair of brothers with most world heavyweight title fight wins. In the years following the retirement of undisputed heavyweight champion Lennox Lewis in 2004, the Klitschko brothers would eventually accumulate all four major world heavyweight titles. Known for their exceptionally large physiques, they each developed a style that utilized their athleticism and arm reach to break down opponents.

Tyson Fury British boxer

Tyson Luke Fury is a British professional boxer. He is a two-time world heavyweight champion, having held the WBC and Ring magazine titles since defeating Deontay Wilder in 2020; previously he held the unified WBA (Super), IBF, WBO, IBO, and The Ring titles after defeating Wladimir Klitschko in 2015. With his defeat of Wilder, Fury became the third heavyweight, after Floyd Patterson and Muhammad Ali, to hold The Ring magazine title twice, and is widely considered by media outlets to be the lineal heavyweight champion. As of December 2020, Fury is ranked as the world's best active heavyweight by ESPN, the Transnational Boxing Rankings Board (TBRB), and BoxRec, as well as the second-best active boxer, pound for pound, by BoxRec, sixth by the TBRB, and eighth by ESPN.

Weight class (boxing) Measurement weight range for boxers

In boxing, a weight class is a measurement weight range for boxers. The lower limit of a weight class is equal to the upper weight limit of the class below it. The top class, with no upper limit, is called heavyweight in professional boxing and super heavyweight in amateur boxing. A boxing match is usually scheduled for a fixed weight class, and each boxer's weight must not exceed the upper limit. Although professional boxers may fight above their weight class, an amateur boxer's weight must not fall below the lower limit. A nonstandard weight limit is called a catchweight.

Below is a list of world heavyweight boxing championship records and statistics.

Mariusz Wach Polish boxer

Mariusz Wach is a Polish professional boxer. He challenged once for the unified WBA (Super), IBF, WBO, and IBO heavyweight titles against Wladimir Klitschko in 2012.

Bridgerweight is a weight class in professional boxing created and used by the World Boxing Council (WBC). The weight is named after six-year-old American, Bridger Walker, who saved his four-year-old sister from a stray dog in July 2020.

References

  1. "4. Weight Classes". IBO and also the sink board of control. But Championship Rules & Regulations. International Boxing Organization. Archived from the original on 2013-07-14. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavyweight Over 200 lbs.
  2. "11. Weight Category" (PDF). World Bpxing Association World Championships Regulations. World Boxing Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-09. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavy More than 200 Lbs.
  3. "3. Weight Classes" (PDF). Regulations of World Championship Contests. World Boxing Organization. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavyweight Over 200lbs or 90.91 kg.
  4. "Ratings Heavyweight (over 200-90.719)". World Boxing Council. Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
  5. 'Heavy' Date, AAU News, 1975, v. 45, p. 10.
  6. 1 2 Business Insider Singapore. "Wladimir Klitschko is plotting a spectacular boxing comeback, and he wants to break an old heavyweight record". businessinsider.sg.
  7. 1 2 3 "Who knew? Some sports facts that may surprise you" . Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  8. "Klitschko believes Hrgović will become world boxing champ". croatiaweek.com. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  9. Longest reigning boxing world champion
  10. "The Ring ratings: heavyweight" . Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  11. "BoxRec ratings: heavyweight, active" . Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  12. James B. Roberts, Alexander G. Skutt: The Boxing Register: International Boxing Hall of Fame Official Record Book, p. 331–32. The record of Ricardo Lopez indicates his opponent Alex Sánchez as WBO "World Champion" on August 23, 1997, meanwhile Michael Carbajal's opponent Josue Camacho (fought on July 15, 1994) didn't receive the same recognition, thus suggesting that WBO title hadn't been viewed by IBHOF as a major title prior to (at least) August 1997, when Herbie Hide (won the title on June 28, 1997) was WBO heavyweight champion
  13. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: Wladimir Klitschko" . Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  14. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: Joe Louis" . Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  15. 1 2 "Joe Louis, p. 575" (pdf). The Boxing Register: International Boxing Hall Of Fame Official Record Book. International Boxing Hall Of Fame . Retrieved 26 May 2019. Johnny Davis, Ret-World-H
  16. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: Muhammad Ali" . Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  17. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: Lennox Lewis" . Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  18. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: Vitali Klitschko" . Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  19. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: Larry Holmes" . Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  20. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: Jack Dempsey" . Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  21. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: John L. Sullivan" . Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  22. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: Jack Johnson" . Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  23. "Professional boxing record: Evander Holyfield" . Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  24. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: James J. Jeffries" . Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  25. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: Deontay Wilder" . Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  26. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: Joe Frazier" . Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  27. "Professional boxing record: Floyd Patterson" . Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  28. 1 2 "Professional boxing record: James J. Corbett" . Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  29. For the purpose of the list, draws are also included
  30. "Professional boxing record: Jess Willard" . Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  31. "Professional boxing record: Rocky Marciano" . Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  32. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt4380142/
  1. According to BoxRec and IBHOF, Louis' fight against Johnny Davis in 1944, viewed by many as an exhibition fight, was for the NYSAC heavyweight title, which would lift Louis' title defenses to 26