|Real name||William Harrison Dempsey|
|Height||6 ft 1 in (185 cm)|
|Reach||73 in (185 cm)|
|Born||June 24, 1895|
Manassa, Colorado, U.S.
|Died||May 31, 1983 87) (aged|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Wins by KO||53|
William Harrison "Jack" Dempsey (June 24, 1895 – May 31, 1983), nicknamed Kid Blackie, and The Manassa Mauler, was an American professional boxer who competed from 1914 to 1927, and reigned as the world heavyweight champion from 1919 to 1926. A cultural icon of the 1920s,Dempsey's aggressive fighting style and exceptional punching power made him one of the most popular boxers in history. Many of his fights set financial and attendance records, including the first million-dollar gate. He pioneered the live broadcast of sporting events in general, and boxing matches in particular.
Dempsey is ranked tenth on The Ring magazine's list of all-time heavyweights and seventh among its Top 100 Greatest Punchers, while in 1950 the Associated Press voted him as the greatest fighter of the past 50 years.He is a member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame, and was in the previous Boxing Hall of Fame.
Born William Harrison Dempsey in Manassa, Colorado, he grew up in a poor family in Colorado, West Virginia, and Utah.The son of Mary Celia (née Smoot) and Hiram Dempsey, he was of part Irish ancestry and also claimed to be partially Cherokee. But according to the edition of the Românul newspaper from September 25, 1927, Dempsey might have been Romanian (on his real name Teodor Domșa). Following his parents' conversion to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Dempsey was baptized into the Church in 1903 following his eighth birthday, the "age of accountability", according to church doctrine. Because his father had difficulty finding work, the family traveled often and Dempsey dropped out of elementary school to work and left home at the age of 16. Due to his lack of money, he frequently traveled underneath trains and slept in hobo camps.
Desperate for money, Dempsey would occasionally visit saloons and challenge for fights, saying "I can't sing and I can't dance, but I can lick any SOB in the house." If anyone accepted the challenge, bets would be made. According to Dempsey's autobiography, he rarely lost these barroom brawls.For a short time, Dempsey was a part-time bodyguard for Thomas F. Kearns, president of The Salt Lake Tribune and son of Utah's U.S. Senator Thomas Kearns.
Dempsey often fought under the pseudonym, "Kid Blackie", although during his stint in the Salt Lake City area, he went by "Young Dempsey".Much of his early career is not recorded, and stated thus, in The Ring Record Book as compiled by Nat Fleischer.
He first competed as "Jack Dempsey" (by his own recollection) in the fall of 1914, in Cripple Creek, Colorado. His brother, Bernie, who often fought under the pseudonym "Jack Dempsey"—this a common practice of the day, in fighters' admiration of middleweight boxer and former champion, Jack "Nonpareil" Dempsey—had signed to fight veteran George Copelin. Upon learning Copelin had sparred with then current world heavyweight champion Jack Johnson, and given Bernie Dempsey was nearing 40 years of age, he strategically decided to back out of the fight.He substituted his brother, still unknown in Eastern Colorado, as "Jack Dempsey". The fans at ringside immediately knew this was not the man they had paid to see.
The promoter became violently angry and "sailed into us, barehanded", threatening to stop the fight.Copelin himself, who outweighed Dempsey by 20 lbs. (165 to 145) upon seeing Dempsey's small stature in the ring, warned the promoter, "I might kill that skinny guy." The promoter reluctantly permitted the fight to commence, and in his first outing as "Jack Dempsey", the future champion downed Copelin six times in the first round and twice in the second. From there, it was a battle of attrition ("Neither Bernie nor I had taken into consideration the high altitude at Cripple Creek."), until a last knockdown of Copelin in the seventh, moved the referee to make the then-unusual move of stopping the fight once Copelin regained his feet. According to Dempsey "In those days they didn't stop mining-town fights as long as one guy could move." This trial by fire carried with it a $100 purse. The promoter, angered at the switch pulled by the brothers, had laid no promised side bets, "... and even if I did, I wouldn't give you anything."
Such lessons were hard, but fighting was something Jack Dempsey did well. Following the name change, Dempsey won six bouts in a row by knockout before losing on a disqualification in four rounds to Jack Downey. During this early part of his career, Dempsey campaigned in Utah, frequently entering fights in towns in the Wasatch Mountain Range region. He followed his loss against Downey with a knockout win and two draws versus Johnny Sudenberg in Nevada. Three more wins and a draw followed when he met Downey again, this time resulting in a four-round draw. Following these wins, Dempsey racked up 10 more wins that included matches against Sudenberg and Downey, knocking out Downey in two rounds. These wins were followed with three no-decision matches, although at this point in the history of boxing, the use of judges to score a fight was often forbidden, so if a fight went the distance, it was called a draw or a no decision, depending on the state or county where the fight was held.
After the United States entered World War I in 1917, Dempsey worked in a shipyard and continued to box. Afterward, he was accused by some boxing fans of being a slacker for not enlisting. This remained a black mark on his reputation until 1920, when evidence produced showed he had attempted to enlist in the U.S. Army, but had been classified 4-F.After the war, Dempsey spent two years in Salt Lake City, "bumming around" as he called it, before returning to the ring.
Among his opponents as a rising contender were Fireman Jim Flynn, the only boxer ever to beat Dempsey by a knockout when Dempsey lost to him in the first round (although some boxing historians believe the fight was a "fix"),and Gunboat Smith, formerly a highly ranked contender who had beaten both World Champion Jess Willard and Hall of Famer Sam Langford. Dempsey beat Smith for the third time on a second-round knockout.
Before he employed the long-experienced Jack Kearns as his manager, Dempsey was first managed by John J. Reisler.
One year later, in 1918, Dempsey fought in 17 matches, going 15–1 with one no-decision. One of those fights was with Flynn, who was knocked out by Dempsey, coincidentally, in the first round. Among other matches won that year were against Light Heavyweight Champion Battling Levinsky, Bill Brennan, Fred Fulton, Carl E. Morris, Billy Miske, heavyweight Lefty Jim McGettigan, and Homer Smith. In 1919, he won five consecutive regular bouts by knockout in the first round as well as a one-round special bout.
On July 4, 1919, Dempsey and world heavyweight champion Jess Willard met at Toledo for the world title. Pro lightweight fighter Benny Leonard predicted a victory for the 6'1", 187 pound Dempsey even though Willard, known as the "Pottawatamie Giant", was 6'6½" tall and 245 pounds. Ultimately, Willard was knocked down seven times by Dempsey in the first round.
Accounts of the fight reported that Willard suffered a broken jaw, broken ribs, several broken teeth, and a number of deep fractures to his facial bones. This aroused suspicion that Dempsey had cheated, with some questioning how the force capable of causing such damage had been transmitted through Dempsey's knuckles without fracturing them.
Other reports, however, failed to mention Willard suffered any real injuries. ' account of the fight described severe swelling visible on one side of Willard's face, but did not mention any broken bones. A still photograph of Willard following the fight appears to show discoloration and swelling on his face.The New York Times
Following the match, Willard was quoted as saying, "Dempsey is a remarkable hitter. It was the first time that I had ever been knocked off my feet. I have sent many birds home in the same bruised condition that I am in, and now I know how they felt. I sincerely wish Dempsey all the luck possible and hope that he garnishes all the riches that comes with the championship. I have had my fling with the title. I was champion for four years and I assure you that they'll never have to give a benefit for me. I have invested the money I have made".Willard later said he had been defeated by "gangsterism".
After being fired by Dempsey, manager Jack Kearns gave an account of the fight in the January 20, 1964, issue of Sports Illustrated that has become known as the "loaded gloves theory". In the interview, Kearns said he had informed Dempsey he had wagered his share of the purse favoring a Dempsey win with a first-round knockout. Kearns further stated he had applied plaster of Paris to the wrappings on the fighter's hands.
Boxing historian J. J. Johnston said, "the films show Willard upon entering the ring walking over to Dempsey and examining his hands." That, along with an experiment conducted by a boxing magazine designed to re-enact the fight have been noted as proof that Kearns' story was false.
The Ring founder and editor Nat Fleischer said he had been present when Dempsey's hands were wrapped, stating, "Jack Dempsey had no loaded gloves, and no plaster of Paris over his bandages. I watched the proceedings and the only person who had anything to do with the taping of Jack's hands was Deforest. Kearns had nothing to do with it, so his plaster of Paris story is simply not true."
Deforest himself said that he regarded the stories of Dempsey's gloves being loaded as libel, calling them "trash", and said he did not apply any foreign substance to them, which I can verify since I watched the taping."Sports writer Red Smith, in Dempsey's obituary published by The New York Times was openly dismissive of the claim.
Another rumor is that Dempsey used a knuckleduster during the first round. Some speculated that the object used was a rail spike.In the Los Angeles Times on July 3, 1979, Joe Stone, an ex-referee and boxing writer, asserted that in a film taken of the fight an object on the canvas could be seen after the final knockdown. He further asserted that the object appears to be removed by someone from Dempsey's corner. In the same film, however, Dempsey can be seen at various times during the fight pushing and holding with Willard with the palm of the glove in question and holding on to the ropes with both hands, making it next to impossible that he had any foreign object embedded in his glove, and the 'object' resembles a cigar.
Further controversy was fueled by the fact that Dempsey left the ring at the end of the first round, thinking the fight was over. This was seen as a violation of the rules, however Willard's corner did not ask for enforcement in order for the referee to disqualify Dempsey.
Following his victory, Dempsey traveled around the country, making publicity appearances with circuses, staging exhibitions, and appearing in a low-budget Hollywood movie. Dempsey did not defend his title until September 1920, with a fight against Billy Miske in Benton Harbor, Michigan. Miske was knocked out in three rounds.
Dempsey's second title defense was in December 1920 against Bill Brennan at Madison Square Garden, New York City. After 10 rounds, Brennan was ahead on points, and Dempsey's left ear was bleeding profusely. Dempsey rebounded to stop Brennan in the 12th round.
Dempsey's next defending fight was against French WW I hero Georges Carpentier, a fighter popular on both sides of the Atlantic.The bout was promoted by Tex Rickard and George Bernard Shaw, who claimed that Carpentier was "the greatest boxer in the world".
The Dempsey–Carpentier contest took place on July 2, 1921, at Boyle's Thirty Acres in Jersey City, New Jersey. It generated the first million-dollar gate in boxing history;a crowd of 91,000 watched the fight. Though it was deemed "the Fight of the Century", experts anticipated a one-sided win for Dempsey. Radio pioneer RCA arranged for live coverage of the match via KDKA, making the event the first national radio broadcast.
Carpentier wobbled Dempsey with a hard right in the second round. A reporter at ringside, however, counted 25 punches from Dempsey in a single 31-second exchange soon after he was supposedly injured by the right.Carpentier also broke his thumb in that round, which crippled his chances. Dempsey ended up winning the match in the fourth round.
Dempsey did not defend his title again until July 1923 against Tommy Gibbons in Shelby, Montana. Dempsey won the match as result of a 15-round decision.
The last successful title defense for Dempsey was in September 1923 at New York City's Polo Grounds in Dempsey vs. Firpo. Attendance was 85,000, with another 20,000 trying to get inside the arena. Firpo was knocked down repeatedly by Dempsey, yet continued to battle back, even knocking Dempsey down twice. On the second occasion he was floored, Dempsey flew head-first through the ring ropes, landing on a ringside reporter's typewriter. At this point he was out of the ring for approximately 14 seconds, less than the 20 second rule for out-of-ring knockouts. Nevertheless, he was helped back into the ring by the writers at ringside. Ultimately, Dempsey beat Argentine contender Luis Ángel Firpo with a second-round KO. The fight was transmitted live by radio to Buenos Aires.
Dempsey's heavyweight title-defending fights, exhibition fights, movies, and endorsements, made Dempsey one of the richest athletes in the world, putting him on the cover of Time .
Dempsey did not defend his title for three years following the Firpo fight. There was pressure from the public and the media for Dempsey to defend his title against Black contender Harry Wills. Disagreement exists among boxing historians as to whether Dempsey avoided Wills, though Dempsey claimed he was willing to fight him. When he originally won the title, however, he had said he would no longer fight Black boxers.
Instead of continuing to defend his title, Dempsey earned money with boxing exhibitions, product endorsements, and by appearing in films, such as the adventure film serial Daredevil Jack . Dempsey also did a lot of traveling, spending, and partying. During this time away from competitive fighting, Dempsey married actress Estelle Taylor in 1925 and fired his long-time trainer/manager Jack "Doc" Kearns. Kearns repeatedly sued Dempsey for large sums of money following his firing.
In April 1924, Dempsey was appointed to an executive position in the Irish Worker League (IWL). The IWL was a Soviet-backed Communist group founded in Dublin by Irish labour leader Jim Larkin.
In September 1926, Dempsey fought the Irish American and former U.S. Marine Gene Tunney in Philadelphia,a fighter who had only lost once in his career. In spite of his record, Tunney was considered the underdog against Dempsey.
The match ended in an upset, with Dempsey losing his title on points in 10 rounds. When the defeated Dempsey returned to his dressing room, he explained his loss to his wife by saying, "Honey, I forgot to duck."Fifty-five years later president Ronald Reagan borrowed this quote when his wife Nancy visited him in the emergency room after the attempt on his life.
Following his loss of the heavyweight title, Dempsey contemplated retiring but decided to try a comeback. It was during this time period that tragedy struck his family when his brother, John Dempsey, shot his estranged wife Edna (aged 21) and then killed himself in a murder–suicide, leaving behind a two-year-old son, Bruce. Dempsey was called upon to identify the bodies and was emotionally affected by the incident.
During a July 21, 1927 fight at Yankee Stadium, Dempsey knocked out future heavyweight champion Jack Sharkey in the seventh round. The fight was an elimination bout for a title shot against Tunney. Sharkey was beating Dempsey until the end. The fight ended controversially when Sharkey claimed Dempsey had been hitting him below the belt. When Sharkey turned to the referee to complain, he left himself unprotected. Dempsey crashed a left hook onto his foe's chin, and Sharkey was unable to beat the ten-count.
The Dempsey–Tunney rematch took place in Chicago, Illinois, on September 22, 1927 – one day less than a year after losing his title to Tunney. Generating more interest than the Carpentier and Firpo bouts, the fight brought in a record-setting $2 million gate. Reportedly, gangster Al Capone offered to fix the rematch in his favor, but the referee was changed to prevent that from happening. Millions around the country listened to the match by radio while hundreds of reporters covered the event. Tunney was paid a record one million dollars for the rematch. Today's equivalent in U.S currency would be approximately $14,898,467.00.
Dempsey was losing the fight on points when in the seventh round he knocked Tunney down with a left hook to the chin then landed several more punches. A new rule instituted at the time of the fight mandated that when a fighter knocked down an opponent, he must immediately go to a neutral corner. Dempsey, however, refused to immediately move to the neutral corner when instructed by the referee. The referee had to escort Dempsey to the neutral corner, which bought Tunney at least an extra five seconds to recover. Even though the official timekeeper clocked 14 seconds Tunney was down, Tunney got up at the referee's count of 9. Dempsey then attempted to finish Tunney off before the end of the round, but failed to do so. Tunney dropped Dempsey for a count of one in round eight and won the final two rounds of the fight, retaining the title of world heavyweight champion on a unanimous decision. Ironically, the neutral corner rule was requested during negotiations by members of the Dempsey camp. Another discrepancy was, when Tunney knocked Dempsey down, the timekeeper started the count immediately, not waiting for Tunney to move to a neutral corner.Because of the controversial nature of the fight due to the neutral corner rule and conflicting counts, the Dempsey–Tunney rematch remains known as "The Long Count Fight".
Dempsey retired from boxing following the Tunney rematch, but continued with numerous exhibition bouts. Following retirement, Dempsey became known as a philanthropist. In June 1932, he sponsored the "Ride of Champions" bucking horse event at Reno, Nevada with the "Dempsey Trophy" going to legendary bronc rider Pete Knight. In 1933, Dempsey was approached by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to portray a boxer in the film, The Prizefighter and the Lady , directed by W. S. Van Dyke and co-starring Myrna Loy. Dempsey portrayed himself in the role of referee of the climactic fight between Max Baer (playing the role of Steve Morgan) and Primo Carnera (playing himself), a fictional battle that foreshadowed their actual championship bout only a year later.
The Riviera del Pacifico Cultural and Convention Center in Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico, built in 1930, was a gambling casino supposedly financed by Al Capone and managed by Jack Dempsey. Its clientele included Myrna Loy, Lana Turner and Dolores del Río.
In 1935, Dempsey opened Jack Dempsey's Restaurant in New York City on Eighth Avenue and 50th Street, across from the third Madison Square Garden. The restaurant's name was later changed to Jack Dempsey's Broadway Restaurant when it relocated to Times Square on Broadway between 49th and 50th Streets. It remained open until 1974.Dempsey was also a co-owner of the Howard Manor in Palm Springs, California.
Dempsey married four times; his first two wives were Maxine Gates (married from 1916 to 1919) and Estelle Taylor (married in 1925).Dempsey divorced Taylor in 1930, and married Broadway singer and recent divorcee Hannah Williams in 1933. Williams was previously married to bandleader Roger Wolfe Kahn. Dempsey and Williams had two children together and divorced in 1943. Dempsey then married Deanna Piatelli, remaining married to her until his death in 1983. The couple had one child, a daughter, whom they adopted together, and who would later write a book on Dempsey's life with Piatelli.
When the United States entered World War II, Dempsey had an opportunity to refute any remaining criticism of his war record of two decades earlier. Dempsey joined the New York State Guard and was given a commission as a first lieutenant, later resigning that commission to accept a commission as a lieutenant in the Coast Guard Reserve. Dempsey reported for duty in June 1942 at Coast Guard Training Station, Manhattan Beach, Brooklyn, New York, where he was assigned as "Director of Physical Education". As part of the ongoing war effort, Dempsey made personal appearances at fights, camps, hospitals and War Bond drives. Dempsey was promoted to lieutenant commander in December 1942 and commander in March 1944. In 1944, Dempsey was assigned to the transport USS Wakefield (AP-21). In 1945, he was on board the attack transport USS Arthur Middleton (APA-25) for the invasion of Okinawa. Dempsey also spent time aboard the USS General William Mitchell (AP-114), where he spent time showing the crew sparring techniques. Dempsey was released from active duty in September 1945 and received an honorable discharge from the Coast Guard Reserve in 1952.
Dempsey authored a book on boxing titled Championship Fighting: Explosive Punching and Aggressive Defense and published in 1950. The book emphasizes knockout power derived from enabling fast motion from one's heavy bodyweight.
After the world-famous Louis-Schmeling fight, Dempsey stated he was glad he never had to face Joe Louis in the ring; when Louis eventually fell on hard times financially, Dempsey served as honorary chairman of a relief fund to assist him.
Dempsey made friends with former opponents Wills and Tunney after retirement, with Dempsey campaigning for Tunney's son, Democrat John V. Tunney, when he successfully ran for the U.S. Senate, from California. He was also one of many boxers to attend the funeral of Feab S. Williams, who boxed under the name of George Godfrey.
One of Dempsey's best friends was Judge John Sirica, who presided over the Watergate trials.
Dempsey was an inaugural 1954 inductee to The Ring magazine's Boxing Hall of Fame (disbanded in 1987),and was an inaugural 1990 inductee to the International Boxing Hall of Fame. In 1970, Dempsey became part of the "charter class" in the Utah Sports Hall of Fame.
He recounted an incident where he was assaulted while walking home at night, telling the press in 1971 that the two young muggers attempted to grab his arms, but he broke free and laid them both out cold on the sidewalk. The story of the encounter appeared in the Hendersonville Times-News, and reported the incident had taken place "a few years [earlier]".In 1977, in collaboration with his daughter Barbara Lynn, Dempsey published his autobiography, titled Dempsey. In tribute to his legacy and boxing career, a 2004 PBS documentary summarized "Dempsey's boxing style consisted of constantly bobbing and weaving. His attacks were furious and sustained. Behind it all was rage. His aggressive behavior prompted a rule that boxers had to retreat to a neutral corner and give opponents who had been knocked down a chance to get up." According to the Encyclopædia Britannica , constant attack was his strategic defense. In 2011, Dempsey was posthumously inducted into the Irish American Hall of Fame.
Dempsey was a Freemason and member of Kenwood Lodge #800 in Chicago, Illinois.
On May 31, 1983, Dempsey died of heart failure at the age of 87 in New York City. His body was buried at Southampton Cemetery in Southampton, New York.
|85 fights||64 wins||6 losses|
All Newspaper decisions are regarded as “no decision” bouts as they have “resulted in neither boxer winning or losing, and would therefore not count as part of their official fight record."
|85||Loss||64–6–9 (6)||Gene Tunney||UD||10||22 Sep 1927||Soldier Field, Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.||For NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring heavyweight titles|
|84||Win||64–5–9 (6)||Jack Sharkey||KO||7 (15), 0:45||21 Jul 1927||Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|83||Loss||63–5–9 (6)||Gene Tunney||UD||10||23 Sep 1926||Sesquicentennial Stadium, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.||Lost NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring heavyweight titles|
|82||Win||63–4–9 (6)||Luis Ángel Firpo||KO||2 (15), 0:57||14 Sep 1923||Polo Grounds, New York City, New York, U.S.||Retained NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring heavyweight titles|
|81||Win||62–4–9 (6)||Tommy Gibbons||PTS||15||4 Jul 1923||Arena, Shelby, Montana, U.S.||Retained NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring heavyweight titles|
|80||Win||61–4–9 (6)||Jimmy Darcy||PTS||4||24 Jul 1922||Broadway Auditorium, Buffalo, New York, U.S.||Retained world heavyweight title;|
Won inaugural NYSAC heavyweight title
|79||Win||60–4–9 (6)||Georges Carpentier||KO||4 (12)||2 Jul 1921||Boyle's Thirty Acres, Jersey City, New Jersey U.S.||Retained world heavyweight title;|
Won inaugural NBA heavyweight title
|78||Win||59–4–9 (6)||Bill Brennan||KO||12 (15), 1:57||14 Dec 1920||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.||Retained world heavyweight title|
|77||Win||58–4–9 (6)||Billy Miske||KO||3 (10), 1:13||6 Sep 1920||Floyd Fitzsimmons Arena, Benton Harbor, Michigan, U.S.||Retained world heavyweight title|
|76||Win||57–4–9 (6)||Jess Willard||RTD||3 (12)||4 Jul 1919||Bay View Park Arena, Toledo, Ohio, U.S.||Won world heavyweight title|
|75||Win||56–4–9 (6)||Tony Drake||KO||1||2 Apr 1919||New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.|
|74||Win||55–4–9 (6)||Eddie Smith||KO||1||13 Feb 1919||Altoona, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|73||Win||54–4–9 (6)||Kid Harris||KO||1||29 Jan 1919||Easton, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|72||Win||53–4–9 (6)||Kid Harris||KO||1||23 Jan 1919||Reading, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|71||Win||52–4–9 (6)||Big Jack Hickey||KO||1||20 Jan 1919||Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|70||Win||51–4–9 (6)||Jack Maguire||KO||1||16 Jan 1919||Trenton, New Jersey, U.S.|
|69||Win||50–4–9 (6)||Gunboat Smith||KO||2 (8)||16 Dec 1918||Broadway Auditorium, Buffalo, New York, U.S.|
|68||Win||49–4–9 (6)||Carl Morris||KO||1 (20), 1:00||16 Dec 1918||Louisiana Auditorium, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.|
|67||Win||48–4–9 (6)||Billy Miske||NWS||6||28 Nov 1918||Olympia Athletic Club, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|66||Win||48–4–9 (5)||Dan Flynn||KO||1 (6), 2:16||18 Nov 1918||Olympia Athletic Club, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|65||Win||47–4–9 (5)||Battling Levinsky||KO||3 (6)||6 Nov 1918||Olympia Athletic Club, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|64||Win||46–4–9 (5)||Jack Moran||KO||1 (10), 1:10||14 Sep 1918||Moana Springs Arena, Reno, Nevada, U.S.|
|63||Loss||45–4–9 (5)||Willie Meehan||PTS||4||13 Sep 1918||San Francisco Civic Auditorium, San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|62||Win||45–3–9 (5)||Terry Kellar||TKO||5 (15)||24 Aug 1918||Westwood Field Gym, Dayton, Ohio, U.S.|
|61||Win||44–3–9 (5)||Fred Fulton||KO||1 (8), 0:23||27 Jul 1918||Harrison Park, Harrison, New Jersey, U.S.|
|60||Win||43–3–9 (5)||Dan Flynn||KO||1 (10)||6 Jul 1918||Municipal Auditorium, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.|
|59||Win||42–3–9 (5)||Bob Devere||KO||1 (12)||4 Jul 1918||Joe Becker Stadium, Joplin, Missouri, U.S.|
|58||Win||41–3–9 (5)||Tom McCarty||KO||1 (12), 0:30||1 Jul 1918||Tulsa Convention Hall, Tulsa, Oklahoma, U.S.|
|57||Win||40–3–9 (5)||Arthur Pelkey||KO||1 (15), 1:00||29 May 1918||Stockyards Stadium, Denver, Colorado, U.S.|
|56||Win||39–3–9 (5)||Dan Ketchell||KO||2 (10)||22 May 1918||Excelsior Springs, Missouri, U.S.|
|55||Win||38–3–9 (5)||Billy Miske||NWS||10||3 May 1918||Auditorium, Saint Paul, Minnesota, U.S.|
|54||Win||38–3–9 (4)||Tom Riley||KO||1 (15)||25 Mar 1918||Southwest Athletic Club, Joplin, Missouri, U.S.|
|53||Win||37–3–9 (4)||Fred Saddy||KO||1 (8)||16 Mar 1918||Phoenix Athletic Club, Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.|
|52||Win||36–3–9 (4)||Bill Brennan||TKO||6 (10)||25 Feb 1918||Milwaukee Auditorium, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.|
|51||Win||35–3–9 (4)||Fireman Jim Flynn||KO||1 (10), 1:10||14 Feb 1918||Fort Sheridan, Illinois, U.S.|
|50||Win||34–3–9 (4)||Carl Morris||DQ||6 (10)||2 Feb 1918||Broadway Auditorium, Buffalo, New York, U.S.|
|49||Win||33–3–9 (4)||Homer Smith||KO||1 (10), 1:15||24 Jan 1918||Racine, Wisconsin, U.S.|
|48||Win||32–3–9 (4)||Carl Morris||PTS||4||2 Nov 1917||Dreamland Rink, San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|47||Win||31–3–9 (4)||Gunboat Smith||PTS||4||2 Oct 1917||Recreation Park, San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|46||Win||30–3–9 (4)||Bob McAllister||PTS||4||26 Sep 1917||Arena, Emeryville, California, U.S.|
|45||Win||29–3–9 (4)||Charley Miller||TKO||1 (4)||19 Sep 1917||Arena, Emeryville, California, U.S.|
|44||Win||28–3–9 (4)||Willie Meehan||TKO||1 (4)||19 Sep 1917||Arena, Emeryville, California, U.S.|
|43||Draw||27–3–9 (4)||Willie Meehan||PTS||4||7 Sep 1917||Dreamland Rink, San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|42||Draw||27–3–8 (4)||Willie Meehan||PTS||4||10 Aug 1917||Dreamland Rink, San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|41||Win||27–3–7 (4)||Al Norton||KO||1 (4)||1 Aug 1917||Arena, Emeryville, California, U.S.|
|40||Win||26–3–7 (4)||Willie Meehan||PTS||4||25 Jul 1917||Arena, Emeryville, California, U.S.|
|39||Draw||25–3–7 (4)||Al Norton||PTS||4||11 Apr 1917||West Oakland Club, Oakland, California, U.S.|
|38||Loss||25–3–6 (4)||Willie Meehan||PTS||4||28 Mar 1917||Arena, Emeryville, California, U.S.|
|37||Draw||25–2–6 (4)||Al Norton||PTS||4||21 Mar 1917||West Oakland Club, Oakland, California, U.S.|
|36||Loss||25–2–5 (4)||Fireman Jim Flynn||KO||1 (15), 0:25||13 Feb 1917||Trocadero Hall, Murray, Utah, U.S.|
|35||Win||25–1–5 (4)||Young Hector||KO||2||29 Nov 1916||The Rink, Salida, Colorado, U.S.|
|34||Win||24–1–5 (4)||Dick Gilbert||PTS||10||16 Oct 1916||Salt Lake Theater, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.|
|33||Win||23–1–5 (4)||Terry Kellar||PTS||10||7 Oct 1916||Bijo Hall, Ely, Nevada, U.S.|
|32||Win||22–1–5 (4)||Young Hector||RTD||3 (15)||28 Sep 1916||Fire Hall, Murray, Utah, U.S.|
|31||Draw||21–1–5 (4)||John Lester Johnson||NWS||10||14 Jul 1916||Harlem Sporting Club, Harlem, New York, U.S.|
|30||Win||21–1–5 (3)||Bert Kenny||NWS||10||8 Jul 1916||Fairmont Athletic Club, Bronx, New York, U.S.|
|29||Win||21–1–5 (2)||Andre Anderson||NWS||10||24 Jun 1916||Fairmont Athletic Club, Bronx, New York, U.S.|
|28||Win||21–1–5 (1)||Bob York||KO||4 (6)||30 May 1916||Eko Theatre, Price, Utah, U.S.||For Pacific Coast light-heavyweight title|
|27||Win||20–1–5 (1)||Dan Ketchell||TKO||3 (10)||17 May 1916||Mozart Theatre, Provo, Utah, U.S.|
|26||Win||19–1–5 (1)||Terry Kellar||PTS||10||3 May 1916||Alhambra Theatre, Ogden, Utah, U.S.|
|25||Win||18–1–5 (1)||Joe Bonds||PTS||10||8 Apr 1916||Bijo Hall, Ely, Nevada, U.S.|
|24||Win||17–1–5 (1)||George Christian||KO||1 (15)||17 Mar 1916||Eko Theatre, Price, Utah, U.S.|
|23||Win||16–1–5 (1)||Cyril Kohen||KO||4 (6)||9 Mar 1916||Mozart Theatre, Provo, Utah, U.S.|
|22||Win||15–1–5 (1)||Boston Bearcat||KO||1||23 Feb 1916||Armory, Ogden, Utah, U.S.|
|21||Win||14–1–5 (1)||Jack Downey||KO||2||21 Feb 1916||Grand Theater, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.|
|20||Win||13–1–5 (1)||Swede Johnson||KO||2||5 Feb 1916||Bijo Hall, Ely, Nevada, U.S.|
|19||Win||12–1–5 (1)||Johnny Sudenberg||KO||2||1 Feb 1916||Bijo Hall, Ely, Nevada, U.S.|
|18||Win||11–1–5 (1)||Jack Gillian||TKO||1 (4)||20 Dec 1915||Grand Theater, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.|
|17||Draw||10–1–5 (1)||Jack Downey||PTS||4||13 Dec 1915||Grand Theater, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.|
|16||Win||10–1–4 (1)||George Coplen||KO||6 (10)||19 Nov 1915||Lyric Opera House, Cripple Creek, Colorado, U.S.|
|15||Win||9–1–4 (1)||Andy Malloy||KO||3 (10)||23 Oct 1915||Moose Hall, Montrose, Colorado, U.S.|
|14||Win||8–1–4 (1)||Andy Malloy||NWS||10||7 Oct 1915||Gem Theatre, Durango, Colorado, U.S.|
|13||Win||8–1–4||Fred Woods||KO||4||23 Sep 1915||Moose Hall, Montrose, Colorado, U.S.|
|12||Draw||7–1–4||Johnny Sudenberg||PTS||10||11 Jun 1915||Airdome, Tonopah, Nevada U.S.|
|11||Draw||7–1–3||Johnny Sudenberg||PTS||10||31 May 1915||Hippodrome, Goldfield, Nevada U.S.|
|10||Win||7–1–2||Emmanuel Campbell||TKO||4 (4)||26 Apr 1915||Airdrome Arena, Reno, Arizona, U.S.|
|9||Loss||6–1–2||Jack Downey||PTS||10||5 Apr 1915||Garrick Theater, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.|
|8||Win||6–0–2||Chief Gordon||KO||6||1 Apr 1915||Utah, U.S.|
|7||Win||5–0–2||John Pierson||KO||7||3 Mar 1915||Utah, U.S.|
|6||Draw||4–0–2||Chief Geronimo||PTS||4||26 Feb 1915||Pocatello, Idaho, U.S.|
|5||Win||4–0–1||Joe Lyons||KO||9||2 Feb 1915||Utah, U.S.|
|4||Win||3–0–1||Battling Johnson||KO||1||Jan 1915||Utah, U.S.|
|3||Win||2–0–1||Billy Murphy||KO||1 (4)||30 Nov 1914||Garrick Theater, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.|
|2||Win||1–0–1||Young Hancock||KO||1 (4)||2 Nov 1914||Garrick Theater, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.|
|1||Draw||0–0–1||Young Herman||PTS||6||18 Aug 1914||Ramona Athletic Club Arena, Colorado Springs, Colorado, U.S.|
Georges Carpentier was a French boxer, actor and World War I pilot. He fought mainly as a light heavyweight and heavyweight in a career lasting from 1908 to 1926. Nicknamed the "Orchid Man", he stood 5 feet 11+1⁄2 inches (182 cm) and his fighting weight ranged from 147 to 175 pounds. Carpentier was known for his speed, his excellent boxing skills and his extremely hard punch. The Parisian Sports Arena Halle Georges Carpentier is named after him.
Luis Ángel Firpo was an Argentine boxer. Born in Junín, Argentina, he was nicknamed The Wild Bull of the Pampas.
Robert James "Bob" Fitzsimmons was a British professional boxer who was the sport's first three-division world champion. He also achieved fame for beating Gentleman Jim Corbett, and he is in The Guinness Book of World Records as the lightest heavyweight champion, weighing just 165 pounds when he won the title. Nicknamed Ruby Robert and The Freckled Wonder, he took pride in his lack of scars and appeared in the ring wearing heavy woollen underwear to conceal the disparity between his trunk and leg-development.
James Joseph "Gene" Tunney was an American professional boxer who competed from 1915 to 1928. He held the world heavyweight title from 1926 to 1928, and the American light heavyweight title twice between 1922 and 1923. A highly technical boxer, Tunney had a five-fight light heavyweight rivalry with Harry Greb in which he won three, drew once, and lost once, though many ringside reporters believed Greb should have won the decision in their 2nd meeting. He also knocked out Georges Carpentier and defeated Jack Dempsey twice; first in 1926 and again in 1927. Tunney's successful title defense against Dempsey remains one of the most famous bouts in boxing history and is known as The Long Count Fight. He retired undefeated as a heavyweight after his victory over Tom Heeney in 1928, after which Tunney was named Fighter of the Year by The Ring magazine.
Edward Henry "Harry" Greb was an American professional boxer. Nicknamed "The Pittsburgh Windmill", he is widely regarded by many boxing historians as one of the best pound for pound boxers of all time.
Boxing in the 1920s was an exceptionally popular international sport. Many fights during this era, some 20 years away or so from the television era, were social events with many thousands in attendance, both men and women.
Jack Sharkey was a Lithuanian-American world heavyweight boxing champion.
Jess Myron Willard was an American world heavyweight boxing champion billed as the Pottawatomie Giant who knocked out Jack Johnson in April 1915 for the heavyweight title. Willard was known for size rather than skill, and though held the championship for more than four years, he defended it rarely and was in person reserved. In 1919, when he was 37 years of age he lost the title in an extremely one sided loss by declining to come out for the fourth round against Jack Dempsey, who became a more celebrated champion. Soon after the bout Willard began accusing Dempsey of using something with the effect of a knuckle duster. Dempsey did not grant Willard a return match, and at 42 years old he was KO'd, following which he retired from boxing, although for the rest of his life continued claiming Dempsey had cheated. Ferdie Pacheco expressed the opinion in a book that the surviving photographs of Willard's face during the Dempsey fight indicate fractures to Willard's facial bones suggesting a metal implement, and show he was bleeding heavily. The matter has never been resolved, with contemporaneous ringside sports journalist reporting by the NYT that Willard spat out at least one tooth and was "a fountain of blood" increasingly discounted in favor of a view that he had only a cut lip and a little bruising.
The Jack Dempsey versus Luis Ángel Firpo fight was a historic boxing fight: It was the first time that a Latin American fighter would challenge for the world heavyweight title, and it would be one of the defining fights of Dempsey's career.
Edward "Gunboat" Smith was an Irish American boxer, film actor and later a boxing referee. During his career, Smith faced twelve different Boxing Hall of Famers a combined total of 23 times. Among the all-time greats he faced were Jack Dempsey, Harry Greb, Sam Langford, and Georges Carpentier.
Professional boxing, or prizefighting, is regulated, sanctioned boxing. Professional boxing bouts are fought for a purse that is divided between the boxers as determined by contract. Most professional bouts are supervised by a regulatory authority to guarantee the fighters' safety. Most high-profile bouts obtain the endorsement of a sanctioning body, which awards championship belts, establishes rules, and assigns its own judges and referees.
Thomas Joseph Gibbons was an American professional heavyweight boxer.
Bill Brennan was an American boxer who fought and lost to World Heavyweight Champion Jack Dempsey in a well attended title fight that ended in a twelfth-round knockout on December 14, 1920, in Madison Square Garden. He lost to Dempsey for the first time in a non-title fight on February 5, 1918, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in a sixth-round technical knockout.
Barney Lebrowitz, better known as Battling Levinsky, was the world light heavyweight champion from 1916 to 1920. Statistical boxing website BoxRec lists Levinsky as the #12 ranked light heavyweight of all-time, while The Ring Magazine founder Nat Fleischer placed him at #9. The International Boxing Research Organization rates Levinsky as the 20th best light heavyweight ever. He was inducted into the Ring Magazine Hall of Fame in 1966, the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 1982, and the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 2000.
Joseph Francis Hagan was the world light heavyweight boxing champion in 1905 when he defeated Bob Fitzsimmons for the universal world title. Rather than defending his title, O'Brien instead abandoned it in order to fight at heavyweight. Nat Fleischer, founder and editor of The Ring Magazine, ranked O'Brien as the No. 2 All-Time Light Heavyweight, and famed boxing promoter Charley Rose ranked him as the No. 3 All-Time Light Heavyweight. O'Brien was inducted into the Ring Magazine hall of fame in 1968, the World Boxing Hall of Fame in 1987, and the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1994.
Floyd Johnson, nicknamed "The Auburn Bulldog", was an American heavyweight boxer who was known for his stiff punch. His (incomplete) boxing record comes out to: 38 wins, 13 losses, and 11 draws. In 1923, he was considered a leading contender, and described in Time magazine as "possibly the fifth-best heavyweight in the ring." His manager was Alec Greggains. After his boxing career ended, he went into promotion in White Center, Washington. and served as a deputy sheriff in King County, Washington in the mid-1920s.
Andrew Chiariglione, usually known as Fireman Jim Flynn, was an American boxer of the early twentieth century who twice attempted to take the World Heavyweight Title without success. He is often remembered as the only boxer to ever knock out the formidable Jack Dempsey.
Boyle's Thirty Acres was a large wooden bowl arena in Jersey City, New Jersey. It was built specifically for the world heavyweight championship bout between Jack Dempsey of the United States and Georges Carpentier of France on July 2, 1921. It held approximately 80,000 fans and was built at a cost of $250,000. It was situated around Montgomery Street and Cornelison Avenue, on a plot of marshland owned by John F. Boyle.
Dempsey is a 1983 television film based on the life of the heavyweight boxer Jack Dempsey that starred Treat Williams and Sally Kellerman.
Jack Dempsey versus Georges Carpentier was a boxing fight between world heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey and world light-heavyweight champion Georges Carpentier, which was one of the fights named the "Fight of the Century". The bout took place in the United States on Saturday, July 2, 1921, at Boyle's Thirty Acres in Jersey City, New Jersey.
'John the Barber,' in private life John J. Reisler, known on Broadway for many years as a barber, fight manager, and friend of the street's great and near-great, died yesterday...
Jack Kearns, who managed Jack Dempsey and other boxing champions, died today at the home of his son Jack Kearns Jr. He was 80 years old.
Georges Carpentier, who lost on a fourth-round knockout to Jack Dempsey in boxing's first $1-million gate, died last night of a heart attack. He was 81 years old.
Gene Tunney, the former heavyweight boxing champion who twice defeated Jack Dempsey, died yesterday at the Greenwich Hospital in Connecticut. He was 80 years old and had been suffering from a circulation ailment.
Apparently in a spell of temporary insanity due to a recurring attack of an illness to which he had been subject for several years, John Dempsey, brother of the former heavyweight champion, fatally shot his 21-year-old revile, Edna, in a rooming house here today.
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|World boxing titles|
|Inaugural champion|| The Ring heavyweight champion |
1922 – September 23, 1926
| World heavyweight champion|
July 4, 1919 – September 23, 1926
John L. Sullivan
2 566 days
| Longest cumulative world heavyweight|
2 638 days (7 years, 2 months, 19 days)
2 567 days on July 14, 1926
September 23, 1926 – September 12, 1944
David Lloyd George
| Cover of Time magazine |
September 10, 1923