Shelby, Montana

Last updated
Shelby, Montana
Shelby Montana Downtown.jpg
Downtown Shelby
Toole County Montana Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Shelby Highlighted.svg
Location of Shelby, Montana
Coordinates: 48°30′26″N111°51′37″W / 48.50722°N 111.86028°W / 48.50722; -111.86028 Coordinates: 48°30′26″N111°51′37″W / 48.50722°N 111.86028°W / 48.50722; -111.86028
Country United States
State Montana
County Toole
Area
[1]
  Total5.96 sq mi (15.43 km2)
  Land5.78 sq mi (14.97 km2)
  Water0.17 sq mi (0.45 km2)
Elevation
3,297 ft (1,005 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total3,376
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
3,023
  Density522.83/sq mi (201.88/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
59474
Area code(s) 406
FIPS code 30-67450
GNIS feature ID0776465
Website City of Shelby (official site)

Shelby is a city in and the county seat of Toole County, Montana, United States. [4] The population was 3,376 at the 2010 census.

Contents

History

Toole County Courthouse Toole County Courthouse.jpg
Toole County Courthouse

Shelby was named in honor of Peter O. Shelby, General Manager of the Montana Central Railway. [5] A railroad station was established here about 1892, at the junction of the Great Northern Railway and the Great Falls & Canada Railway.

On July 4, 1923, the town hosted a heavyweight boxing match between Jack Dempsey and Tommy Gibbons for the undisputed world Heavyweight boxing championship title. [6] This event almost bankrupted the town of Shelby. [7]

In the early 2000s the town hosted a dog camp named Camp Collie to help mistreated dogs that made national news. [8] [9] Also, Welker Farms is in Shelby, Montana. [10]

Geography

Shelby is located at 48°30′26″N111°51′37″W / 48.50722°N 111.86028°W / 48.50722; -111.86028 (48.507270, -111.860218). [11] It is at the intersection of Interstate 15 and U.S. Route 2. It is near the Marias River and also Aloe Lake.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.18 square miles (16.01 km2), of which 6.03 square miles (15.62 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.39 km2) is water. [12]

Climate

Shelby has four distinct seasons, and is considered an arid climate. Long, severe winters give way to springlike weather anywhere from March to May. Summers can be dry and hot, and the area is prone to lightning, hail, and severe thunderstorms during the summer months. [13] Fall weather is often unpredictable, with snow falling during October some years, and temperatures well into the 60s stretching until the end of November on other years. Due to the city's location just off of the Rocky Mountain Front, wind is a constant.

Climate data is sparse. A weather station operated in the town from the late 1990s shows slightly higher temperatures than nearby towns such as Cut Bank.

Climate data for Shelby, Montana
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)65
(18)
72
(22)
79
(26)
88
(31)
93
(34)
101
(38)
103
(39)
105
(41)
99
(37)
91
(33)
82
(28)
72
(22)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C)34
(1)
37
(3)
45
(7)
56
(13)
65
(18)
72
(22)
81
(27)
80
(27)
69
(21)
57
(14)
42
(6)
33
(1)
56
(13)
Average low °F (°C)11
(−12)
13
(−11)
21
(−6)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
46
(8)
51
(11)
49
(9)
40
(4)
31
(−1)
20
(−7)
11
(−12)
30
(−1)
Record low °F (°C)−42
(−41)
−45
(−43)
−32
(−36)
−19
(−28)
9
(−13)
27
(−3)
31
(−1)
25
(−4)
0
(−18)
−16
(−27)
−32
(−36)
−46
(−43)
−46
(−43)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.33
(8.4)
0.36
(9.1)
0.68
(17)
1.15
(29)
2.07
(53)
2.36
(60)
1.20
(30)
1.22
(31)
1.15
(29)
0.59
(15)
0.45
(11)
0.37
(9.4)
11.93
(303)
Source: The Weather Channel (Historical Monthly Averages) [14]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 537
1930 2,004273.2%
1940 2,53826.6%
1950 3,05820.5%
1960 4,01731.4%
1970 3,111−22.6%
1980 3,1421.0%
1990 2,763−12.1%
2000 3,21616.4%
2010 3,3765.0%
2019 (est.)3,023 [3] −10.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]
2015 Estimate [16]

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 3,376 people in 1,245 households, including 717 families, in the city. The population density was 559.9 inhabitants per square mile (216.2/km2). There were 1,371 housing units at an average density of 227.4 per square mile (87.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.5% White, 0.8% African American, 6.5% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0%. [2]

Of the 1,245 households 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.4% were non-families. 37.4% of households were one person and 14% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age was 40.3 years. 18.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.3% were from 25 to 44; 29.9% were from 45 to 64; and 13.6% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 58.3% male and 41.7% female.

2000 census

At the 2000 census there were 3,216 people in 1,196 households, including 735 families, in the City of Shelby. The population density was 1,018.8 people per square mile (392.9/km2). There were 1,349 housing units at an average density of 427.3 per square mile (164.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.48% White, 0.25% African American, 4.17% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24%. [17]

Of the 1,196 households 30.9% had children under 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 35.5% of households were one person and 16.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.07.

The age distribution was 24.0% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 107.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.9 males.

The median household income was $29,219 and the median family income was $41,046. Males had a median income of $27,634 versus $19,444 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,071. About 6.1% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Shelby Public Schools educates students from kindergarten through 12th grade. [18] Shelby High School's team name is the Coyotes. [19]

Toole County Library is a public library in Shelby. [20]

Media

KSEN AM 1150 and KZIN-FM 96.7 are two local radio outlets, owned by Townsquare Media.[ citation needed ]

Transportation

Shelby's Amtrak station Shelby Amtrak.JPG
Shelby's Amtrak station

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service to Shelby (both east and west), operating its Empire Builder from Chicago to Seattle and Portland, Oregon.

NTI Transit Facility - Shelby, Montana NTI Transit Facility - Shelby Montana.jpg
NTI Transit Facility - Shelby, Montana

Northern Transit Interlocal, www.northern.rural-transit.com local donation based bus transportation to Great Falls and Kalispell twice weekly. Northern Transit Interlocal, Glacier County Transit, Pondera County Transit & Toole County Transit coordinate together to provide transportation for the local area. Northern Transit was awarded the Montana Transit Association Rural Transit of the Year in 2018. In 2019 the 12 year operating transit gave a record 16,123 rides. “Enjoy the Ride!”

Shelby Airport is a county-owned airport two miles north of town.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. "Shelby". Montana Place Names Companion. Montana Historical Society. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  6. https://boxrec.com/en/event/11653
  7. https://www.greatfallstribune.com/story/life/my-montana/2016/06/29/dempsey-versus-gibbons-july-4/86534622/
  8. http://www.cutbankpioneerpress.com/news/article_2d07b7e6-96c5-5da1-994d-ee8d45af07b0.html
  9. https://www.greatfallstribune.com/story/news/local/2015/04/19/grace-camp-collie-puppy-believed-last-survivor/25835437/
  10. Flamnini, Diego. "9 American Farming Channels to Follow on YouTube". Farms.com.
  11. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  13. https://wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?mt7500
  14. "Climate Statistics for Shelby, Montana" . Retrieved January 29, 2012.
  15. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  17. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  18. "Shelby Public Schools". Shelby Public Schools. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  19. "Member Schools". Montana High School Association. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  20. "Toole County Library". Toole County Library. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  21. Any knowledge that might be useful: Leroy Hood - Scientific American Retrieved 2017-07-28.