Geographic Names Information System

Last updated
The logo of the United States Geological Survey USGS logo green.svg
The logo of the United States Geological Survey

The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer. GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.

Contents

The database is part of a system that includes topographic map names and bibliographic references. The names of books and historic maps that confirm the feature or place name are cited. Variant names, alternatives to official federal names for a feature, are also recorded. Each feature receives a permanent, unique feature record identifier, sometimes called the GNIS identifier. [1] The database never removes an entry, "except in cases of obvious duplication." [2]

Name changes

The GNIS accepts proposals for new or changed names for U.S. geographical features. The general public can make proposals at the GNIS web site and can review the justifications and supporters of the proposals.

Other authorities

See also

Related Research Articles

Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology for use in computer systems by non-military American government agencies and government contractors.

Casco Township, Allegan County, Michigan Township in Michigan, United States

Casco Township is a civil township of Allegan County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 2,823 at the 2010 census.

Beaver Township, Bay County, Michigan Township in Michigan, United States

Beaver Township is a civil township of Bay County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The township's population was 2,885 as of the 2010 census. It is included in the Bay City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Fraser Township, Michigan Township in Michigan, United States

Fraser Township is a civil township of Bay County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The township's population was 3,192 as of the 2010 census. It is included in the Bay City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Garfield Township, Bay County, Michigan Township in Michigan, United States

Garfield Township is a civil township of Bay County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The township's population was 1,743 as of the 2010 census. It is included in the Bay City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Gibson Township, Michigan Township in Michigan, United States

Gibson Township is a civil township of Bay County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The township's population was 1,210 as of the 2010 census. It is included in the Bay City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Merritt Township, Michigan Township in Michigan, United States

Merritt Township is a civil township of Bay County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The township's population was 1,441 as of the 2010 census. It is included in the Bay City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

United States Board on Geographic Names US geographic naming government agency

The United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) is a federal body operating under the United States Secretary of the Interior. The purpose of the board is to establish and maintain uniform usage of geographic names throughout the federal government of the United States.

Bendena, Kansas Census-designated place in Kansas, United States

Bendena is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Doniphan County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, Bendena had a population of 117. Its ZIP Code is 66008.

The GEOnet Names Server (GNS) provides access to the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency's (NGA) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names's (BGN) database of geographic feature names and locations for locations outside the United States. The database is the official repository of foreign place-name decisions approved by the US BGN. Approximately 20,000 of the database's features are updated monthly. The database never removes an entry, "except in cases of obvious duplication".

Perry Township, Carroll County, Ohio Township in Ohio, United States

Perry Township is one of the fourteen townships of Carroll County, Ohio, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 996.

South Lake, Kern County, California Unincorporated community in California, United States

South Lake is an unincorporated community in the Kern River Valley, in Kern County, California. It is located 4.5 miles (7.2 km) west-southwest of Weldon, at an elevation of 2,887 feet (880 m).

United States Geological Survey Scientific agency of the United States government

The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility.

Remington Glacier glacier in Antarctica

Remington Glacier is a steep glacier about 7 nautical miles long in Doyran Heights in the Sentinel Range of Ellsworth Mountains, Antarctica. It rises just north of McPherson Peak and flows east-southeast to debouch between the terminus of Hough Glacier and Johnson Spur.

Ryan Park, Wyoming Census-designated place in Wyoming, United States

Ryan Park is a census-designated place (CDP) in Carbon County, Wyoming, United States. The name was collected by the United States Geological Survey between 1976 and 1979, and entered into the Geographic Names Information System on June 5, 1979. "Ryan Park" is designated as an acceptable place name by the United States Postal Service for mailing addresses and is assigned the ZIP code (82331) of Saratoga, the nearest incorporated town. The population was 38 at the 2010 census.

Laurel Run is a 4.5-mile-long (7.2 km) tributary stream of Georges Creek in Allegany County, Maryland. The creek rises about 3 miles (4.8 km) northwest of Lonaconing and empties into Georges Creek north of Barton.

Kensington, Michigan Unincorporated community in Michigan, United States

Kensington is an unincorporated community and former village within Lyon Charter Township in Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan.

References

  1. "US Census County Based TIGER/Line® 2009 Data Dictionary: Entity, Joins, Attributes, and Domains". Archived from the original on 27 June 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  2. Cartographic Users Advisory Council (CUAC) (26–27 April 2007). 2007 Agency Presentation Minutes. Reston, VA: US Geological Survey. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014.

Further reading