Ford Field

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Ford Field
Ford Field.svg
Detroit December 2015 09 (Ford Field).jpg
Ford Field in 2015
Wayne County Michigan Incorporated and Unincorporated areas.svg
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Ford Field
Location within Wayne County
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Ford Field
Location within Michigan
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Ford Field
Location within the United States
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Ford Field
Location within North America
Address2000 Brush Street [1]
Location Detroit, Michigan [1]
Coordinates 42°20′24″N83°2′44″W / 42.34000°N 83.04556°W / 42.34000; -83.04556 Coordinates: 42°20′24″N83°2′44″W / 42.34000°N 83.04556°W / 42.34000; -83.04556
Public transit DPM icon.png QLINE Logo.svg Grand Circus Park
OwnerDetroit-Wayne County Stadium Authority [2]
Operator Detroit Lions [3]
Capacity Football: 65,000 (expandable to 70,000)
Basketball: 78,000
Record attendance WrestleMania 23: 80,103 (April 1, 2007) [4] [5]
Surface FieldTurf [6]
Construction
Broke groundNovember 16, 1999 [1]
OpenedAugust 24, 2002 [1]
Renovated2017 [7]
Construction costUS$500 million
($696 million in 2018 dollars [8] )
Architect Rossetti Architects
Hamilton Anderson Associates, Inc.
Kaplan, McLaughlin, Diaz Architects [1]
Project manager Hammes Company [9]
Structural engineer Thornton Tomasetti [1]
Services engineer SmithGroup [1]
General contractorHunt/Jenkins/White/Olson JV [1]
Tenants
Detroit Lions (NFL) (2002–present)
Little Caesars Pizza Bowl (NCAA) (2002–2013)
Quick Lane Bowl (NCAA) (2014–present)

Ford Field is a domed American football stadium located in Downtown Detroit. It primarily serves as the home of the Detroit Lions of the National Football League (NFL), as well as the annual Quick Lane Bowl college football bowl game, state championship football games for the MHSAA, and, as of 2018, the MHSAA State Wrestling Championships. The regular seating capacity is approximately 65,000, though it is expandable up to 70,000 for football and 80,000 for basketball.

American football Team field sport

American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, which is the team with possession of the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, which is the team without possession of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays; if they fail, they turn over the football to the defense, but if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs to continue the drive. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins.

Downtown Detroit Place in Michigan

Downtown Detroit is the central business district and a residential area of the city of Detroit, Michigan, United States. Detroit is the major city in the larger Metro Detroit region. Downtown Detroit is bordered by M-10 to the west, Interstate 75 to the north, I-375 to the east, and the Detroit River to the south. The city's main thoroughfare M-1 links Downtown to Midtown, New Center, and the North End.

Detroit Lions National Football League franchise in Detroit, Michigan

The Detroit Lions are a professional American football team based in Detroit, Michigan. The Lions compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) North division. The team plays its home games at Ford Field in Downtown Detroit.

Contents

The naming rights were purchased by the Ford Motor Company at $40 million over 20 years; the Ford family holds a controlling interest in the company, and a member of the Ford family has controlled ownership of the Lions franchise since 1963.

Naming rights Financial transaction and form of advertising whereby a corporation or other entity purchases the right to name a facility or event, typically for a defined period of time

Naming rights are a financial transaction and form of advertising whereby a corporation or other entity purchases the right to name a facility or event, typically for a defined period of time. For properties like a multi-purpose arena, performing arts venue or an athletic field, the term ranges from three to 20 years. Longer terms are more common for higher profile venues such as a professional sports facility.

Ford Motor Company American automobile manufacturer

Ford Motor Company is an American multinational automaker that has its main headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. It was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated on June 16, 1903. The company sells automobiles and commercial vehicles under the Ford brand and most luxury cars under the Lincoln brand. Ford also owns Brazilian SUV manufacturer Troller, an 8% stake in Aston Martin of the United Kingdom and a 32% stake in Jiangling Motors. It also has joint-ventures in China, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, and Russia. The company is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and is controlled by the Ford family; they have minority ownership but the majority of the voting power.

Controlling interest

A controlling interest is an ownership interest in a corporation with enough voting stock shares to prevail in any stockholders' motion. A majority of voting shares is always a controlling interest. When a party holds less than the majority of the voting shares, other present circumstances can be considered to determine whether that party is still considered to hold a controlling ownership interest.

History

Planning and construction

In 1975, the Lions moved to the Pontiac Silverdome after playing at Tiger Stadium from 1938–1939, 1941–1974. [10] [11] By the mid 1990s, they began exploring the possibility of returning to the city of Detroit in order to build a new stadium. [12] On August 20, 1996, the Lions announced their intention to build a new stadium in Downtown Detroit. On November 5, 1996, voters approved a referendum for the stadium. [1] [12]

Pontiac Silverdome American architectural structure

The Pontiac Silverdome was a stadium in Pontiac, Michigan. It opened in 1975 and sat on 127 acres (51 ha) of land. When the stadium opened, it featured a fiberglass fabric roof held up by air pressure, the first use of the architectural technique in a major athletic facility. With a seating capacity of 82,000+, it was the largest stadium in the National Football League (NFL) until FedExField in suburban Washington, D.C., opened in 1997.

Tiger Stadium (Detroit) Baseball stadium located in Detroit, MI, demolished 2009

Tiger Stadium, previously known as Navin Field and Briggs Stadium, was a baseball park located in the Corktown neighborhood of Detroit, Michigan. It hosted the Detroit Tigers of Major League Baseball from 1912 to 1999, as well as the Detroit Lions of the National Football League from 1938 to 1974. It was declared a State of Michigan Historic Site in 1975 and has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1989. The stadium was nicknamed "The Corner" for its location on Michigan Avenue and Trumbull Avenue.

Groundbreaking for the stadium occurred on November 16, 1999 as part of a downtown revitalization plan for the city of Detroit, which included Comerica Park. [1] [13]

Comerica Park Baseball park in Detroit, MI, USA

Comerica Park is an open-air ballpark located in Downtown Detroit. It serves as the home of the Detroit Tigers of Major League Baseball, replacing Tiger Stadium in 2000.

Design

The stadium's design incorporates a former Hudson's warehouse, which was constructed in the 1920s. [14] The warehouse was converted to office space and currenly has Campbell Ewald and Bodman as tenants. [15]

Hudsons department store chain based in Detroit

Hudson's, or The J.L. Hudson Company, was a retail department store chain based in Detroit, Michigan. Hudson's flagship store, on Woodward Avenue in Downtown Detroit, was the tallest department store in the world in 1961, and, at one time, claimed to be the second-largest department store, after Macy's, in the United States, by square footage.

Campbell Ewald is an advertising and marketing communications agency headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, with offices in Los Angeles and New York. Campbell Ewald is part of the Interpublic Group of Companies (IPG).

Bodman PLC

Bodman PLC is a business law firm headquartered in Ford Field, located in downtown Detroit, Michigan. Founded in 1929 by two former Ford Motor Company lawyers, Wallace R. Middleton and Clifford B. Longley, the firm is one of the state’s largest, with more than 140 lawyers in five offices: Ann Arbor, Cheboygan, Detroit, Grand Rapids, and Troy.

The presence of the warehouse allows for a seating arrangement that's unique among professional American football stadiums. The majority of suites are located in the warehouse along the stadium's southern sideline, as are the lounges that serve the premium club seats on that side of the field. [1] [14] The bulk of the grandstand seats are located along the northern sideline and both end-lines, with gaps in the stadium's upper half at the southwest and southeast corners. The upper deck on the stadium's northern sideline also contains one level of suites and a smaller section of club seating. A similar design was implemented at the renovated Soldier Field, albeit with the use of a new structure (as opposed to an existing building) to house four levels of suites. [14]

Soldier Field Stadium in Chicago, Illinois

Soldier Field is an American football stadium located in the Near South Side of Chicago, Illinois. It opened in 1924 and is the home field of the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL), who moved there in 1971. With a football capacity of 61,500, it is the third-smallest stadium in the NFL. In 2016, Soldier Field became the second-oldest stadium in the league when the Los Angeles Rams began playing temporarily at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, which opened a year earlier than Soldier Field.

Unlike most domed stadiums, Ford Field allows a large amount of natural light to reach the field, thanks to immense skylights and large glass windows at the open corners. [16] The windows along the ceiling are frosted to mimic the automotive factories that are prevalent in Metro Detroit. The south entrance provides the seating bowl and concourse with sunlight year-round and also offers fans a view of downtown Detroit. [12] [17] To prevent the stadium from becoming an overly imposing presence in the Detroit skyline, the playing field is 45 feet below street level, similar to the design at adjacent Comerica Park. [12] [18]

Ford Field is one of the few venues in the NFL that has end zones in the east and the west. There is no NFL rule for field construction in roofed venues regarding sunlight distracting players on the field. [19] The east–west end zone design accommodated the Hudson warehouse location. The natural light is not a distraction to the players in a day game, because the light only reaches as far as the sidelines, leaving the field still properly lit with the combination of artificial stadium lighting and sunlight.

In 2017, Ford Field underwent its first major renovation. The $100 million renovation included new video boards, a new sound system, updated suites, and the renovation of multiple restaurants, clubs, and bars on the property. [7]

Major events

Football

Ford Field hosted Super Bowl XL on February 5, 2006, as the Pittsburgh Steelers defeated the Seattle Seahawks, 21–10 to win their fifth Super Bowl championship in front of 68,206 in attendance. It also marked the final game in the 13-year career for Steelers running back, and Detroit native, Jerome Bettis. [20] [21]

The stadium was home to the Little Caesars Pizza Bowl sponsored by Detroit-based Little Caesars (previously known as the Motor City Bowl and jointly sponsored by the Big Three automakers headquartered in Detroit – Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors) from 2002 until 2013. It featured a top Mid-American Conference team and a Big Ten Conference team. [22] The Little Caesars Pizza Bowl was replaced by the Quick Lane Bowl, featuring teams from the Big Ten Conference and Atlantic Coast Conference, and backed by the Lions and Ford. [23] It has also hosted the annual MAC Football Championship Game since 2004. [24]

Ford Field has been the site of several neutral site regular season college football games, including Western Michigan vs. Illinois in 2008 and Michigan State vs. Florida Atlantic in 2010. [25] [26]

On December 13, 2010, the Minnesota Vikings played a home game at Ford Field against the New York Giants after the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome's inflatable roof collapsed due to a rip in the roofing material caused by heavy snow accumulation. [27] [28] [29] The roof failure forced the already postponed game to be moved elsewhere, and after deliberations, the NFL chose Ford Field. [27] It was the first ever regular season Monday night game played at Ford Field. [30] The Lions hosted their first ever Monday Night Football game in Ford Field on October 10, 2011 against the Chicago Bears. [31]

A Buffalo Bills home game against the New York Jets was played at Ford Field on November 24, 2014 after a major lake effect snowstorm hit western New York, causing the game to be moved from Ralph Wilson Stadium. [32] The Bills won the game 38–3. [33] [34]

Basketball

Ford Field is transformed into a basketball arena in preparation for the 2008 Midwest Regional Finals. FordField-2008NCAAtournament-MidwestRegional.jpg
Ford Field is transformed into a basketball arena in preparation for the 2008 Midwest Regional Finals.

On December 13, 2003, Ford Field hosted the then largest crowd ever to attend a basketball game, as 78,129 people packed the stadium for the Basketbowl, where the Kentucky Wildcats defeated the Michigan State Spartans, 79–74. [35] [36]

The University of Detroit Mercy and Ford Field hosted the 2008 NCAA Basketball Tournament regional semifinal and final games (March 28 and 30). [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] Ford Field was the site of the 2009 Final Four (April 4 and 6). [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] For the 2008 NCAA Basketball Tournament, the court was placed in the center of the football field rather than in an end of the stadium. This was the first time this configuration was used for NCAA Tournament play with the new 70,000-seat capacity rule in effect. [47]

College hockey

The 2010 Frozen Four was held on April 8 and 10 with Boston College defeating Wisconsin to win the championship. This has been the only time NCAA hockey has used a football stadium for the championship and resulted in the largest attendance (37,592) at a Frozen Four event. [48]

High school competitions

Ford Field has hosted the MHSAA football state championships since 2005. It also hosted the MHSAA individual wrestling state finals in 2018. [49]

The stadium has been used to host the MCBA finals, where Michigan high school marching bands compete to be the best in the state. [50]

Soccer

Ford Field hosted two group stage matches of the 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup soccer tournament on June 7, 2011. [51] Panama played Guadeloupe in the first match, while the United States played Canada in the second match. [52] [53]

DateWinning TeamResultLosing TeamTournamentSpectators
June 7, 2011Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 3–2Flag of Guadeloupe (local).svg  Guadeloupe 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Group C28,209
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2–0Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
December 8, 2012Flag of the United States.svg  United States women2–0Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR womenWomen’s International Friendly17,371
September 17, 2015Flag of the United States.svg  United States women5–0Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti womenWomen’s International Friendly34,538

Other competitions

The Professional Bull Riders brought their Built Ford Tough Series tour to Ford Field for the first time ever on March 10, 2012. [54] Ford Field is the second Detroit area venue the BFTS has visited; they had visited The Palace of Auburn Hills in 2001, 2006 and 2007. [55] [56] [57]

The United States Hot Rod Association (USHRA) holds multiple Monster Jam Monster Truck races at Ford Field. These races were previously held in the Pontiac Silverdome until it was closed. AMA Supercross Championship, also a Feld Entertainment competition, has competed at Ford Field from 2006 to 2008 and 2014 to 2017. The USHRA usually runs 2-3 events a year at Ford Field.

Other events

On April 1, 2007, Ford Field hosted World Wrestling Entertainment's WrestleMania 23. [5] This event set a Ford Field attendance record of 80,103. [4] It was the first WrestleMania held in the Detroit area since 93,173 fans set a world indoor attendance record at the Pontiac Silverdome for WrestleMania III in 1987. [58]

Ford Field hosted the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) Midwest Regional in 2007 and 2014. [59] [60]

In 2015, Ford Field housed the large group gatherings of the ELCA Youth Gathering. [61]

On November 18, 2017, Ford Field hosted the Beatification Mass of Fr. Solanus Casey, a Capuchin Franciscan Friar who ministered at the nearby St. Bonaventure Monastery on Mt. Elliott. The near-capacity crowd was one of the largest Catholic masses in Detroit history. [62]

Ford Field will host the FIRST Robotics Competition Championship from 2018 to 2020 along with the nearby Cobo Center. [63]

Concerts

DateArtist(s)Supporting act(s)TourAttendanceRevenueNote(s)Reference(s)
October 12, 2002 The Rolling Stones No Doubt Licks Tour This was the first concert at the stadium. [64]
July 12–13, 2003 Eminem 50 Cent
Missy Elliott
95,709 / 96,707$5,257,000 [65] [66]
February 5, 2006The Rolling Stones A Bigger Bang 68,206This concert was a part of Super Bowl XL. [67]
April 7–8, 2006 Delirious? Tim Hughes
Reuben Morgan
The Mission Bell TourThe band used Paul Evans as a stand-in drummer instead of regular drummer Stew Smith who stayed at home to be with his family. [68] [69]
August 26, 2006 Kenny Chesney Dierks Bentley
Carrie Underwood
The Road & The Radio Tour44,836 / 44,836$3,408,357 [70]
August 18, 2007 Brooks & Dunn Flip Flop Summer 2007 Tour47,470 / 47,470$4,112,541 [71] [72]
August 2, 2008 Keith Urban
LeAnn Rimes
Gary Allan
Luke Bryan
Poets & Pirates Tour46,871 / 48,194$3,931,995 [73]
November 18, 2008 Madonna Sticky & Sweet Tour 30,119 / 30,119$2,395,900 [74]
August 22, 2009Kenny Chesney Miranda Lambert
Lady Antebellum
Sugarland
Montgomery Gentry
Sun City Carnival Tour 49,215 / 49,215$3,843,639 [75]
November, 25th 2010 Kid Rock ------
January 15, 2011Ty Stone
Jamey Johnson
Born Free TourThis concert was part of his 40th birthday party. Among the guests were Uncle Kracker, Peter Wolfe, Reverend Run, Sheryl Crow, Cindy Crawford, Jimmie Johnson, and Anita Baker. [76] [77] [78]
June 11, 2011 Taylor Swift Needtobreathe
Frankie Ballard
Randy Montana
Speak Now World Tour 47,992 / 47,992$3,453,549 [79] [80]
August 20, 2011Kenny Chesney
Zac Brown Band
Billy Currington
Uncle Kracker
Goin' Coastal Tour 48,225 / 48,225$4,169,719 [81]
August 18, 2012Kenny Chesney
Tim McGraw
Jake Owen
Grace Potter & The Nocturnals
Brothers of the Sun Tour 48,943 / 48,943$4,560,108 [82]
May 4, 2013Taylor Swift Ed Sheeran
Austin Mahone
Brett Eldredge
The Red Tour 48,265 / 48,265$3,969,059 [83] [84] [85]
July 18, 2013 Bon Jovi The J. Geils Band Because We Can 43,142 / 43,142$2,638,975 [86]
August 6, 2013 Justin Timberlake
Jay-Z
DJ Cassidy Legend of the Summer Stadium Tour 42,035 / 42,035$3,968,119 [87] [88]
August 17, 2013Kenny Chesney
Eric Church
Eli Young Band
Kacey Musgraves
No Shoes Nation Tour 45,839 / 45,839$3,733,711 [89]
August 16–17, 2014 One Direction 5 Seconds of Summer Where We Are Tour 92,428 / 92,428$8,304,416During the August 16 performance, the band performed a cover of "Teenage Dirtbag" by Wheatus. [90] [91]
May 30, 2015Taylor Swift Vance Joy
Shawn Mendes
The 1989 World Tour 50,703 / 50,703$5,999,690 Dan Reynolds of Imagine Dragons, Martha Hunt & Gigi Hadid were special guests. [92] [93] [94]
August 22, 2015Kenny Chesney
Eric Church
Brantley Gilbert
Chase Rice
Old Dominion
The Big Revival Tour 49,285 / 49,285$4,903,524 [95]
August 29, 2015One Direction Icona Pop On The Road Again Tour 42,767 / 42,767$2,700,684This concert took place on Liam Payne's 22nd birthday. [96] [97] [98]
September 8, 2015 AC/DC Vintage Trouble Rock Or Bust World Tour 43,000 / 43,000TBA [99] [100]
October 30, 2015 Luke Bryan Florida Georgia Line
Randy Houser
Thomas Rhett
Dustin Lynch
Kick the Dust Up Tour 44,004 / 44,004$3,760,515 [101] [102] [103]
June 14, 2016 Beyoncé DJ Khaled The Formation World Tour 41,524 / 41,524$5,471,395This concert was originally scheduled to take place on May 29, 2016, but was rescheduled due to "scheduling changes". During the show, she dedicated "Halo" to the victims affected by the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting. [104] [105]
June 23, 2016 Guns N' Roses Alice in Chains Not in This Lifetime... Tour 44,439 / 44,439$4,776,766 [106]
October 29, 2016Luke Bryan Little Big Town
Dustin Lynch
Kill the Lights Tour 39,573 / 45,000$3,418,006 [107]
September 3, 2017 U2 Beck The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 42,905 / 42,905$4,936,605Special appearance by Patti Smith at the end of the Joshua Tree portion of the set during "Mothers of the Disappeared." [108] [109]
August 4, 2018Kenny Chesney Thomas Rhett
Old Dominion
Brandon Lay
The Trip Around the Sun Tour48,826 / 48,826$4,968,563 [110] [111]
August 13, 2018Beyoncé
Jay-Z
Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled On the Run II Tour 43,699 / 43,699$5,310,376 [112]
August 28, 2018Taylor Swift Camila Cabello
Charli XCX
Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour 49,464 / 49,464$6,597,852 [113]
September 8, 2018 Ed Sheeran Snow Patrol
Anne-Marie
÷ Tour 47,804 / 47,804$4,481,290 [114]
October 26, 2018Luke Bryan Sam Hunt
Jon Pardi
Morgan Wallen
What Makes You Country Tour TBATBA [114]
October 25, 2019Luke Bryan Cole Swindell
Jon Langston
DJ Rock
Sunset Repeat TourTBATBA [115]

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Further reading

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Pontiac Silverdome
Home of
Detroit Lions

2002 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Pontiac Silverdome
Host of
Little Caesars Pizza Bowl

2002 – 2013
Succeeded by
Discontinued
Preceded by
Alltel Stadium
Host of
Super Bowl XL

2006
Succeeded by
Dolphin Stadium
Preceded by
Allstate Arena
Host of
WrestleMania 23

2007
Succeeded by
Citrus Bowl
Preceded by
Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
Home of the
Minnesota Vikings
Temporary

2010
Succeeded by
TCF Bank Stadium
Preceded by
Ralph Wilson Stadium
Home of the
Buffalo Bills
Temporary

2014
Succeeded by
Ralph Wilson Stadium
Preceded by

Alamodome
NCAA Men's Division I
Basketball Tournament
Finals venue

2009
Succeeded by

Lucas Oil Stadium
Preceded by
Verizon Center
Washington, D.C.
Host of the
Frozen Four

2010
Succeeded by
Xcel Energy Center
St. Paul, Minnesota
Preceded by
Renaissance Center
Headquarters of
Bodman PLC

2006 – present
Succeeded by
current