Hard Rock Stadium

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Coordinates: 25°57′30″N80°14′30″W / 25.95833°N 80.24167°W / 25.95833; -80.24167

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Hard Rock Stadium
Hard Rock Stadium logo.png
Hard Rock Stadium.jpg
Exterior view, August 2017
Former names
Address347 Don Shula Drive
Location Miami Gardens, Florida
Parking26,718 cars
OwnerMiami Hurricanes, LLC
(a subsidiary of the Miami Dolphins) [2]
Capacity Football: 64,767 [3] [4]
Tennis: 14,000 [5]
Record attendance80,120
(2013 BCS National Championship Game)
SurfaceTifway 419 Bermuda Grass
Construction
Broke groundDecember 1, 1985
Opened16 August 1987 (1987-08-16)
Construction costUS$115 million
($268 million in 2018 dollars [6] )
Architect HOK Sport
Project manager George A. Fuller Company [7]
Structural engineerBliss & Nyitray Inc.
Services engineerBlum Consulting Engineers
General contractor Huber, Hunt & Nichols [8]
Tenants
Miami Dolphins (NFL) (1987–present)
Russell Athletic Bowl (NCAA) (1990–2000)
Florida Marlins (MLB) (1993–2011)
Orange Bowl (NCAA) (1996–present)
Florida Atlantic Owls (NCAA) (2001–2002)
Miami Hurricanes (NCAA) (2008–present)
Miami Open (tennis) (2019–present)
Website
hardrockstadium.com

Hard Rock Stadium is a multipurpose stadium located in Miami Gardens, Florida, a city north of Miami. It is the home stadium of the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League (NFL). Hard Rock Stadium also plays host to the Miami Hurricanes football team during their regular season. In addition, the facility hosts the Orange Bowl, an annual college football bowl game. It was the home to the Florida Marlins of Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1993 to 2011. From 2019, the stadium is home to the Miami Open tennis tournament, played in March.

The stadium has hosted five Super Bowls (XXIII, XXIX, XXXIII, XLI and XLIV), the 2010 Pro Bowl, [9] two World Series (1997 and 2003), four BCS National Championship Games (2001, 2005, 2009, 2013), the second round of the 2009 World Baseball Classic, and WrestleMania XXVIII. The stadium will host Super Bowl LIV in 2020 with Halftime performers Shakira and Jennifer Lopez [10] , the College Football Playoff National Championship [11] in 2021, as well as "having agreed in principle" to host the Formula 1 Miami Grand Prix in 2021 [12]

The facility opened in 1987 as "Joe Robbie Stadium" and has been known by a number of names since: "Pro Player Park", "Pro Player Stadium", "Dolphins Stadium", "Dolphin Stadium", "Land Shark Stadium", and "Sun Life Stadium". In August 2016 the team sold the naming rights to Hard Rock Cafe Inc. for $250 million over 18 years. [13]

History and facts

Conception and construction

County officials check out the interior of the stadium, April 24, 1987 Jrs1.jpg
County officials check out the interior of the stadium, April 24, 1987

For their first 21 seasons, the Miami Dolphins played at the Orange Bowl. Joe Robbie, the team founder, explained what led to the decision to build a new stadium. "In 1976, the city of Miami wanted to quadruple our rent. That did it. I began thinking in earnest about building a stadium." [14] What made the construction of the stadium truly unique was that it was the first multipurpose stadium ever built in the United States that was entirely privately financed. [15]

Robbie also believed it was only a matter of time before a Major League Baseball team came to South Florida. At his request, the stadium was built so only minimal renovations would be necessary to ready it for a baseball team.[ citation needed ] Most notably, the field was made somewhat wider than is normally the case for an NFL stadium. The wide field also made it fairly easy to convert the stadium for soccer.

Because of this design decision, the first row of seats was 90 ft (27 m) from the sideline in a football configuration, considerably more distant than the first row of seats in most football stadiums (the closest seats at the new Soldier Field, for instance, are 55 ft (17 m) from the sideline at the 50-yard line). This resulted in a less intimate venue for football compared to other football facilities built around this time, as well as to the Orange Bowl.

At the time it opened in 1987, the stadium was located in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, and had a Miami address. Today it is located in the city of Miami Gardens, Florida, which was incorporated on May 13, 2003. [16]

Dolphins

The stadium before a Miami Dolphins game, 2007 Dolphinstadiumint.JPG
The stadium before a Miami Dolphins game, 2007

The first preseason game for the Dolphins was played on August 16, 1987 against the Chicago Bears. The first regular season game was scheduled for September 27, a week 3 game against the New York Giants; this game was canceled and not made up due to the 1987 players strike. The first regular season NFL game played there was a 42–0 Dolphins victory over the Kansas City Chiefs on October 11, 1987. The game was in the middle of the 1987 NFL strike, and was played with replacement players. The first game with union players was on October 25 of that year, a 34-31 overtime loss to the Buffalo Bills. The stadium hosted its first Monday Night Football game on December 7 of that year, a 37–28 Dolphins victory over the New York Jets.

The Dolphins have played eight playoff games in the stadium, including the 1992 AFC Championship Game, which the team lost to the Buffalo Bills, 29–10. The Dolphins are 5–3 in playoff games held here, losing the most recent one in January 2009, against the Baltimore Ravens.

The team is unbeaten here against the Minnesota Vikings (3–0) and Los Angeles/St. Louis Rams (4–0); they are winless here against the Dallas Cowboys (0–3) and New York Giants (0–3).

The Marlins move in

A Florida Marlins baseball game, 2008 Marlins 2008 001.jpg
A Florida Marlins baseball game, 2008

While Joe Robbie Stadium was a multi-purpose stadium built primarily for football, its design also accommodated baseball and soccer. Dolphins founder Joe Robbie believed it was a foregone conclusion that MLB would come to South Florida, so he wanted the stadium designed to make any necessary renovations for baseball as seamless as possible. In 1990, Wayne Huizenga purchased 50% of then-Joe Robbie Stadium and became the point man in the drive to bring Major League Baseball (MLB) to South Florida. That effort was rewarded in July 1991, when the Miami area was awarded an MLB expansion franchise. The new team was named the Florida Marlins, and placed in the National League to begin competing in 1993.

The first Marlins game played at then-Joe Robbie Stadium was on April 5, 1993, a 6–3 victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers. The Marlins drew more than 3 million people in their inaugural season. They went on to win two World Series titles, in 1997 and 2003.

Despite such preparation and pockets of success, the stadium was less than adequate as a baseball venue. Although its design was meant to accommodate baseball, it was primarily a football stadium. There were plenty of reminders of that purpose even in the stadium's baseball configuration. The stadium's color scheme matched that of the Dolphins. When the football season overlapped, cleat marks, as well as silhouettes of hashmarks and logos of the Dolphins or Hurricanes, were visible on the baseball diamond. The Marlins reduced capacity to 47,662 (later to 35,521), mainly to create a more intimate atmosphere for baseball. However, capacity would have likely been reduced in any event, since many of the seats in the upper deck were too far from the field to be of any use during the regular season. Even with the reduced capacity, the sight lines were less than optimal for baseball. Most seats were pointed toward the 50-yard line—where center field was located in the baseball configuration. Lights were not angled for optimum baseball visibility. Players had to walk through football tunnels to get to dugouts that were designed with low ceiling joists. Some of these embarrassing issues were showcased on national television during the two World Series held there, when capacity was expanded to over 67,000. Most notably, some areas of left and center field were not part of the football playing field, and fans sitting in the left-field upper deck couldn't see any game action in those areas except on the replay boards. [17] These issues became even more pronounced over the years, as, by 2004, [18] a wave of baseball-only parks left what had by then been renamed Pro Player Stadium as the only National League park that played host to both an MLB and an NFL team.

Additionally, the stadium was built for games held during the fall/winter football season, not for games in the tropical summers of South Florida, which feature oppressive heat, humidity, frequent rain, and occasional tropical storms. For most of the stadium's run as a baseball venue, it was the hottest stadium in the majors, with temperatures for day games frequently reaching well above 95 °F (35 °C). The Marlins played most of their summer home games at night as a result. The lack of refuge from the uncomfortable climate and disruptive rain delays were considered a cause of chronically low attendance after that inaugural season. When the Marlins were not contending, they struggled to attract crowds larger than 5,000—a figure that looked even smaller than that due to the cavernous environment. Some Marlins players later admitted that they "couldn't wait to go on the road" because Sun Life Stadium (as their home had been renamed in 2010) had the "worst [playing] conditions" and least fan energy in the majors during years when the team was not a contender. [19] [20] [21]

The Marlins' former home at what was then Dolphin Stadium was primarily a football stadium, shown prepping for a Dolphins game with gridlines over the diamond in August 2007. Dolphin Stadium baseball diamond.jpg
The Marlins' former home at what was then Dolphin Stadium was primarily a football stadium, shown prepping for a Dolphins game with gridlines over the diamond in August 2007.

Baseball renovations and configurations

After Huizenga bought part of the stadium, it was extensively renovated to accommodate a baseball team at the cost of several million dollars, as part of his successful bid to bring baseball to South Florida. Purists initially feared the result would be similar to Exhibition Stadium in Toronto; when the Toronto Blue Jays played there from 1977 to 1989, they were burdened with seats that were so far from the field (over 800 feet in some cases) that they weren't even sold during the regular season. However, Robbie had foreseen Miami would be a likely location for a new or relocated MLB team, and the stadium was designed to make any necessary renovations for baseball as seamless as possible. On January 24, 1994, Huizenga acquired the remaining 50% of the stadium to give him 100% ownership.

Interior of Hard Rock Stadium in 2009, then named Land Shark Stadium. When the Marlins played there, the field was juggled among the Miami Dolphins, Miami Hurricanes, and Florida Marlins, making it an extremely used turf. Landsharknewinterior.JPG
Interior of Hard Rock Stadium in 2009, then named Land Shark Stadium. When the Marlins played there, the field was juggled among the Miami Dolphins, Miami Hurricanes, and Florida Marlins, making it an extremely used turf.

Aside from baseball renovations, the stadium underwent some permanent renovations. In April 2006, the stadium unveiled two Daktronics large video boards, the largest in professional sports at the time. [22] The east display measured 50 ft (15 m) high by 140 ft (43 m) wide, and the west end zone display measured 50 ft (15 m) high by 100 ft (30 m) wide. A new 2,118-foot (646 m)-long LED ribbon board, again the largest in the world at the time, was also installed. These have since been surpassed in size. [22]

In addition, the upgrades included vastly widened 40,000-square-foot (3,700 m2) concourses on the stadium's north and south sides. Bars, lounges and other amenities were also added. The renovation had three phases, with the second and third phases of renovation taking place after the Marlins left the stadium. These remaining phases included adding a roof to shield fans from the rain, which caused the relocation of the video boards to the top corners of the upper deck, as well as remodeling the sidelines of the lower bowl to narrow the field and bring seats closer, ending its convertibility to baseball. The orange colored seats were also replaced with teal colored ones. [23]

2015 renovation

The Marlins left for their own stadium, Marlins Park, which was completed for the 2012 MLB season.

A privately funded $350 million stadium renovation project began in January 2015, right after a Monster Jam event. The project plan allowed the stadium to be used for football games during the 2015 season and was completed for the 2016 football season. [24] Stadium upgrades included video boards in each corner of the stadium, additional suites, and an open-air canopy over the main seating areas. [25] As part of the renovation, the stadium's seating capacity was reduced from 75,000 to 65,000 seats. Personal seat licenses were not used, and a preview center opened at the stadium in February 2015 to help current and prospective season ticket holders select their ticket packages. Luxury packages were used in place of PSL revenue to help finance the stadium. Thirty-two four-seat pods were installed located in the lower bowl at the south 30-yard lines, with an additional 16 pods at the south end zone. [26] The pods feature a living room arrangement, including premium furniture and television screens that show the NFL RedZone channel and NFL programming. [27]

Miami Open tennis tournament

The Miami Open tennis tournament, which had been held at Crandon Park in Key Biscayne since 1988, was forced to move after the 2018 tournament when it was refused permission for a $50m upgrade. In order to keep it in Miami, Dolphins owner Steve Ross proposed to tournament owners IMG that it be held at Hard Rock Stadium. [28] 29 permanent courts—11 tournament courts and 18 practice courts—were created in the south parking lot of the complex, including a 1,564-seat Court 2, a 3,024-seat Court 1, and a 4,993-seat Grandstand Stadium. [29] Within the stadium itself, a 13,800-seat tennis stadium was created by screening off the area between the 30-yard lines. [29] Tournament director James Blake called it "a great opportunity for tennis to expand, for tennis to grow and progress." [30] The first tournament was held there in March 2019, and the venue drew favorable comments from players such as defending champion John Isner and world No. 1 Novak Djokovic. [31] The main stadium, and its amenities, which are dismantled immediately after the tournament, will be reconstructed in just a month after Super Bowl LIV, which is to be held in February. [32]

Seating capacity

Permanent seating

The 65,326 permanent seats for football and soccer configurations break down as follows: For the general 19" seats with chair back and armrests, there are 27,397 in the lower deck and 34,736 in the upper deck. There are 10,209 of the bigger club 21" seats with chair back and armrests. In the 193 executive suites with 10, 12, 16, 20, and 24 seats, there are a total of 3,198. There are also 300 seating locations for disabled persons, 150 seats for working press, and 10 radio/TV booths. [33]

The stadium contains 10,209 club seats and 216 suites. When the Marlins played at the stadium, 2,400 of the club seats and 216 suites were available.

Parking

The parking around the stadium takes up 140 acres, featuring parking for 24,137 cars, 171 buses, 90 RVs, 85 limousines, and one helipad on site. [33] The parking fee was $30 per car/truck/SUV for the 2013 and 2014 seasons. $40 per car/truck/suv for 2017 yellow section.

Notable events

NFL

An NFL game at then-named Dolphin Stadium in 2007 Dolphins 11-11-2007 015.jpg
An NFL game at then-named Dolphin Stadium in 2007

The stadium has played host to five Super Bowls (1989, 1995, 1999, 2007, and 2010). There has been a kickoff return for a touchdown in each Super Bowl played at the stadium, except in the most recent game. The stadium also hosted the 2010 Pro Bowl. The stadium will host Super Bowl LIV in 2020.

The 2007 Super Bowl at Dolphin Stadium—when Indianapolis defeated Chicago 29–17—was marred by heavy rains. An estimated 30% of the lower-level seating was empty during the second half. [34]

Sun Life Stadium in 2012 NFL Jets at Dolphins-Sun Life Stadium-2012-09-24.JPG
Sun Life Stadium in 2012

In 2010, the NFL threatened to take the stadium out of further consideration for a Super Bowl or Pro Bowl unless significant renovations were made. One of the upgrades desired was a roof to protect fans from the elements. In 2012, the Dolphins scrapped plans for pitching a $200-million hotel tax proposal that would have included a partial stadium roof.

In 2016, an open-air canopy was constructed that protects the seating bowl from the elements. The canopy however, does have a football-field sized hole in the middle, and thus does not protect the playing field itself from rain. The renovations were completed by the first Miami Dolphins pre-season home game in September 2016. Previously, since the field runs east–west (rather than north–south as is the case in most other stadiums), the north stands were exposed to the full force of South Florida's oppressive heat early in the season.

DateSuper BowlTeam (Visitor)PointsTeam (Home)PointsSpectators
January 22, 1989 XXIII Cincinnati Bengals 16 San Francisco 49ers 2075,597
January 29, 1995 XXIX San Diego Chargers 26 San Francisco 49ers 4974,107
January 31, 1999 XXXIII Denver Broncos 34 Atlanta Falcons 1974,803
February 4, 2007 XLI Indianapolis Colts 29 Chicago Bears 1774,512
February 7, 2010 XLIV New Orleans Saints 31 Indianapolis Colts 1774,059

College football

The stadium has hosted both the 2009 BCS National Championship Game and the 2013 BCS National Championship Game. [35] The 2013 game between Alabama and Notre Dame set a new attendance record for the facility, with 80,120 on hand to witness Alabama's third BCS Championship in four seasons. [36]

Hard Rock Stadium prior to the November 11, 2017 Miami Hurricanes vs. Notre Dame football game. Hard Rock Stadium.png
Hard Rock Stadium prior to the November 11, 2017 Miami Hurricanes vs. Notre Dame football game.

The stadium has hosted the Miami Hurricanes beginning in 2008. The stadium was the home field for the Florida Atlantic Owls (2001–2002).

Between 1990 and 2000, the stadium hosted a bowl game variously known as the Blockbuster Bowl, CarQuest Bowl, and MicronPC Bowl. After 2000, that bowl was moved to Orlando, where it eventually became known as the Russell Athletic Bowl.

The stadium has been the site of the Orange Bowl game since 1996, except for the January 1999 contest between Florida and Syracuse, which had to be moved due to a conflict with a Dolphins playoff game.

Until 2008, the stadium was host (in even numbered years) to the annual Shula Bowl, a game played between the Florida Atlantic University Owls and the Florida International University Panthers, when the game was hosted by FAU as the home team (FIU hosts the game at its own stadium, Riccardo Silva Stadium, every other year). In 2010, the game was moved to Fort Lauderdale's Lockhart Stadium, and in 2011 the Owls opened FAU Stadium on its Boca Raton campus, and started hosting the Shula Bowl there biennially in 2012.

Coast Guard MH-65 Dolphin helicopter flies over then-named Sun Life Stadium Sun Life Stadium Coast Guard flyover.JPG
Coast Guard MH-65 Dolphin helicopter flies over then-named Sun Life Stadium

In 2017 it was announced that the stadium would host the 2021 College Football Playoff National Championship.

WrestleMania XXVIII

A then record attendance of 78,363 fans packed Sun Life Stadium for WrestleMania XXVIII WMXXVIIIlive.jpg
A then record attendance of 78,363 fans packed Sun Life Stadium for WrestleMania XXVIII

On April 1, 2012, the stadium hosted WrestleMania XXVIIIWWE's flagship professional wrestling event. It marked the second edition of WrestleMania to be held in Florida, and the third to be held entirely outdoors. [37] [38]

With an attendance of 78,363, the event grossed $67 million, and was estimated to have generated $103 million in revenue for Miami. [39] [40]

Baseball

Two National League Division Series have been played at the stadium:

Two National League Championship Series have been played at Hard Rock Stadium:

Two World Series have been played at Hard Rock Stadium:

When the Marlins began play in 1993, baseball capacity was initially reduced to 47,662, with most of the upper level covered with a tarp. In addition to Huizenga's desire to create a more intimate atmosphere for baseball, most of the seats in the upper level would have been too far from the field to be of any use during the regular season. The stadium's baseball capacity was further reduced over the years, and finally settled at 38,560 seats. However, the Marlins would usually open the entire upper level for the postseason. In the 1997 World Series, the Marlins played before crowds of over 67,000 fans, some of the highest postseason attendance figures in MLB history, only exceeded by Cleveland Stadium, home of the Cleveland Indians during the 1948 and 1954 World Series, old Yankee Stadium prior to its mid 1970s renovation, and the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the temporary home of the Los Angeles Dodgers (before Dodger Stadium was opened) in the 1959 World Series.

Although it was designed from the ground up to accommodate baseball, it was never a true multipurpose stadium. Rather, it was built as a football stadium that could convert into a baseball stadium. Most of the seats in the baseball configuration were pointed toward center field – where the 50-yard line would have been in the football configuration. As a result, even with the reduced capacity, the sight lines for baseball left much to be desired. This was particularly evident during the Marlins' World Series appearances in 1997 and 2003. Some portions of left and center field were not part of the football playing field, and fans sitting in the left field upper-deck seats were unable to see these areas except on the replay boards. Even with the reduced capacity, during years the Marlins were not contending, they often drew crowds of 5,000 or fewer—a total that looked even smaller due to the spacious environment.

The stadium was notorious for its poor playing conditions. The lights were not located in optimal positions for baseball visibility. During August and September, when the Dolphins (and later, the Hurricanes) shared the stadium, the field conditions were, according to both Marlins and visiting players, among the worst in the majors. Indeed, several Marlins players said that at times, they "couldn't wait to go on the road." Visiting teams hated coming to the stadium as well. For instance, when the Atlanta Braves came to the stadium for the last time in 2011, Dan Uggla, who played for the Marlins from 2006 to 2010, said that he was probably the only Brave who was going to miss it. [41] [42] [43] The stadium's problems as a baseball venue became even more stark as time wore on, as the Marlins' tenure in the stadium coincided with a wave of new, baseball-only parks. When the Marlins began play in 1993, the stadium was one of 14 that hosted both a Major League Baseball team and a professional football team. But by the time the Marlins left the stadium, it was one of only three in the majors (and the only National League stadium) that played host to both a baseball team and an NFL or CFL team. The others were the Oakland Coliseum and Toronto's Rogers Centre.

For most of the Marlins' tenure at the stadium, it was the hottest stadium in the major leagues. The Marlins played nearly all of their home games from late May through mid-September at night due to South Florida's often oppressive heat and humidity. They also got waivers from MLB and ESPN to play on Sunday nights.

The stadium was the venue where Mark McGwire hit his NL-record 57th home run to best Hack Wilson's 68-year-old record of 56 in 1998. Ken Griffey Jr. hit his 600th career home run off Mark Hendrickson of the Marlins on June 9, 2008; and where Roy Halladay of the Philadelphia Phillies pitched the 20th perfect game in Major League Baseball history on May 29, 2010, against the Marlins.

Concerts

DatePerformer(s)Opening act(s)Tour/EventAttendanceRevenueNotes
July 3, 1988 Rod Stewart
Hall & Oates
Chicago
John Day and Full CircleHappy Birthday America '8840,000
July 30, 1989 The Who The Who Tour 1989 54,339 / 54,339$1,222,628
April 14, 1990 Paul McCartney The Paul McCartney World Tour 95,410 / 95,410$2,862,300
April 15, 1990
August 12, 1990 New Kids on the Block The Magic Summer Tour 60,000 / 60,000
December 31, 1991 Guns N' Roses Use Your Illusion Tour
May 16, 1992 Genesis We Can't Dance Tour
July 4, 1992 Chicago
September 26, 1992 Crosby, Stills & Nash
October 3, 1992 U2 Big Audio Dynamite II
Public Enemy
Zoo TV Tour 45,244 / 46,000$1,289,454
March 30, 1994 Pink Floyd The Division Bell Tour 54,738 / 54,738$1,975,665
November 25, 1994 The Rolling Stones Bryan Adams
Blind Melon
Lenny Kravitz
Voodoo Lounge Tour 55,935 / 55,935$2,574,810Special Guest Michael Hutchence.
April 13, 1995 Billy Joel
Elton John
Face to Face 1995 103,694 / 103,694$4,385,725
April 14, 1995
March 8, 1997 The Three Tenors The Three Tenors World Tour
November 14, 1997 U2 Smash Mouth PopMart Tour 42,778 / 44,500$2,158,988
July 10, 2007 The Police Maroon 5
Fiction Plane
The Police Reunion Tour 46,105 / 46,105$5,094,870
November 26, 2008 [44] Madonna Paul Oakenfold Sticky & Sweet Tour 47,998 / 47,998$6,137,030 Timbaland and Pharrell Williams were the special guests onstage.
April 3, 2010 [45] Paul McCartney Up and Coming Tour 35,784 / 35,784$4,325,859
June 29, 2011 [46] U2 Florence and the Machine U2 360° Tour 72,569 / 72,569$6,799,670The concert was originally scheduled to take place on July 9, 2010, but then it was postponed due to Bono's back surgery.
November 23, 2011 The Black Eyed Peas Sean Kingston
Jason Derulo
T-Pain
CeeLo Green
Queen Latifah
The Beginning
August 16, 2013 [47] Justin Timberlake
Jay-Z
DJ Cassidy Legends of the Summer 46,366 / 46,366$5,350,175
June 25, 2014 Beyoncé
Jay-Z
On the Run Tour 49,980 / 49,980$5,450,026
October 5, 2014 One Direction 5 Seconds of Summer Where We Are Tour 53,914 / 53,914$4,303,749
June 11, 2017 U2 OneRepublic The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 48,494 / 48,494$5,923,665
July 7, 2017 Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
Volbeat
WorldWired Tour 32,168 / 45,433$3,163,523
August 28, 2017 Coldplay AlunaGeorge
Izzy Bizu
A Head Full of Dreams Tour 47,866 / 47,866$6,446,966
April 21, 2018 The Eagles Jimmy Buffett North American Tour 2018
August 18, 2018 Taylor Swift Camila Cabello
Charli XCX
Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour 47,818 / 47,818$7,072,164
August 30, 2018 Beyoncé
Jay-Z
Chloe X Halle
DJ Khaled
On the Run II Tour 44,310 / 44,310$6,295,535
August 30, 2019 The Rolling Stones N/A No Filter Tour 40,768 / 40,768$9,762,771This concert was originally scheduled to take place on April 20, 2019, but was postponed due to Mick Jagger recovering from a heart procedure. [48] Ultimately, due to the weather forecast of the impending Hurricane Dorian, the scheduled August 31 concert was moved up one day. [49] [50]
August 5, 2020 Green Day
Fall Out Boy
Weezer
The Interrupters Hella Mega Tour TBATBA

Soccer

El Clasico at the Hard Rock Stadium in 2017. Hard Rock Stadium - El Clasico Miami.jpg
El Clásico at the Hard Rock Stadium in 2017.

A number of soccer matches have been held in the stadium, including a number of international friendlies featuring Central or South American sides. (This is due to South Florida being home to one of the largest populations of Central and South Americans in the United States.)

The stadium hosted a match between FC Barcelona and C.D. Guadalajara on August 3, 2011, as part of the 2011 World Football Challenge. Guadalajara won the match, 4–1, in front of 70,080 attendees. [51]

Colombia beat Mexico, 2–0, in a friendly international in front of 51,615 spectators at the stadium on February 29, 2012. A year later they beat Guatemala, 4–1.

A.C. Milan and Chelsea faced each other at the stadium on July 28, 2012. A.C. Milan won the match, 1–0, in front of 57,748 fans. [52]

Brazil beat Honduras, 5–0, in a friendly match in front of 71,124 spectators on November 16, 2013. The attendance was the highest for a soccer match at the stadium. [53]

England played Ecuador and Honduras at the New Miami Stadium on June 4 and 7, 2014, respectively. [54]

South Korea played against Ghana on June 9, 2014.

On September 5, 2014, two months after a heavy defeat to Germany in the World Cup, Brazil beat Colombia, 1–0, in front of an announced attendance of 73,429 fans, a new attendance record for a soccer match at the stadium.

The 2014 International Champions Cup preseason final was held at New Miami Stadium with Manchester United defeating Liverpool 3–1 on August 4, 2014 to claim the tournament's second title.

Two 2017 International Champions Cup preseason matches were played at the Hard Rock, one of them the El Clásico between Barcelona and Real Madrid. Barcelona won 3–2 in the second El Clásico to take place outside of Spain. 66,014 people, above current capacity, attended the match. [55]

On March 23, 2018 the international friendly PeruCroatia was played at the stadium, which Peru won 2–0. [56] Hard Rock Stadium is also a candidate to be one of the host stadiums for the 2026 FIFA World Cup.

DateTeam (Visitor)GoalsTeam (Home)GoalsSpectators
August 3, 2011 FC Barcelona 1 Guadalajara 470,080
October 8, 2011Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 0Flag of the United States.svg  United States 121,900
February 29, 2012Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 051,615
July 28, 2012 A.C. Milan 1 Chelsea 057,748
February 6, 2013Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala 1Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 425,000
June 8, 2013Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti 1Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 236,535
August 6, 2013 Juventus 1 Inter Milan 138,513
November 16, 2013Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 5Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 071,124
June 4, 2014Flag of England.svg  England 2Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 221,534
June 9, 2014Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 4Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 05,000
August 4, 2014 Manchester United 3 Liverpool 151,014
September 5, 2014Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 073,429
July 26, 2017 Paris Saint-Germain 2 Juventus 344,444
July 29, 2017 FC Barcelona 3 Real Madrid 266,014
March 23, 2018Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 0Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 260,000
July 28, 2018 Bayern Munich 2 Manchester City 329,195
July 31, 2018 Manchester United 2 Real Madrid 164,141
September 7, 2018Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 2Flag of Venezuela (state).svg  Venezuela 134,048
October 12, 2018Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 0Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 334,016
August 7, 2019 FC Barcelona 2 S.S.C. Napoli 157,062
September 6, 2019Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 265,232
November 15, 2019Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 0Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 136,063

Monster Jam

The monster truck touring series Monster Jam used to go to the stadium every year. The last show performed there was in 2015, and in 2018 the shows moved to Marlins Park. In 2012, the show was filmed and shown on SPEED Channel.

YearDateRacing WinnerFreestyle Winner
2002January 26GunslingerEl Toro Loco
2003January 25El Toro LocoGrave Digger
2004January 24MADUSAGrave Digger
2005February 5Grave DiggerEl Toro Loco/Grave Digger (tie)
2006February 4GunslingerBlue Thunder
2007February 17El Toro LocoGrave Digger
2008February 2Blue ThunderGrave Digger
2009January 31Stone CrusherGrave Digger
2010February 20GunslingerMaximum Destruction
2011February 12Mohawk WarriorGrave Digger
2012February 11Bounty HunterAdvance Auto Parts Grinder
2013February 9Bounty HunterGrave Digger
2014February 8Grave Digger The LegendEl Toro Loco
2015January 3Grave Digger The Legend
2016No Show (Stadium Renovations)
2017No Show (Unknown Reasoning)
2018No Show (Moved to Marlins Park)

In film

Movies have also been shot there, most notably Ace Ventura: Pet Detective , which starred Jim Carrey and featured Dolphins great Dan Marino as himself; Marley and Me , starring Owen Wilson and Jennifer Aniston; and the Oliver Stone-directed Any Given Sunday , starring Al Pacino.

Other events

Other events held at the stadium have included international soccer games, Hoop-It-Up Basketball, RV and boat shows, the UniverSoul Circus, and numerous trade shows. It has also hosted religious gatherings.

The stadium has also hosted Australian rules football exhibition matches (including two Victorian Football League (VFL) post-season exhibitions). For the 1988 exhibition between Collingwood and Geelong, the game was played on the diagonal to compensate for the stadium not being an oval. [57]

In 2006, it hosted the High School State Football Championships, sanctioned by the Florida High School Athletic Association (FHSAA).

Naming rights

The stadium has gone through many name changes, bringing up a question of the value of corporate naming rights. [58]

During the planning and building phase of the stadium, the stadium was referred to as Dolphin Stadium. Joe Robbie, the original and then-owner of the Miami Dolphins and the new stadium, did not want the stadium named after himself. Robbie said "I didn't want them to name it after me. But they insisted, and I guess I'm only human." [59] The stadium opened in 1987 as Joe Robbie Stadium.

In the early 1990s, Wayne Huizenga gained control of the stadium. Huizenga first sold the naming rights to Pro Player, the sports apparel division of Fruit of the Loom, and Joe Robbie Stadium became Pro Player Park on August 26, 1996. After the Dolphins opened the 1996 season at Pro Player Park, the stadium was renamed again to Pro Player Stadium before the Dolphins returned home in Week 3. The Marlins’ 1996 season was played under three different names, having started the year under the Joe Robbie name.

Fruit of the Loom filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1999, and the Pro Player brand was ultimately liquidated in 2001, but the stadium name held for several more years. In January 2005, the Pro Player name was replaced with Dolphins Stadium, coinciding with a renovation of the stadium. Dolphins was changed to Dolphin in April 2006, in an update of graphics and logos. [60]

From February 2008 through January 2009, Stephen M. Ross gradually acquired 95% of the stadium and surrounding land. He then partnered with Jimmy Buffett to change the name once more, this time to Land Shark Stadium after a beer brewed for Buffett's Margaritaville restaurant chain. The renaming was announced on May 8, 2009, but would last less than a year as the deal did not include rights for the upcoming 2010 Pro Bowl and Super Bowl XLIV. [61]

On January 20, 2010, Canadian-based financial services company Sun Life Financial announced that it had acquired the naming rights. [62] Sun Life Financial announced in 2012, that it will be exiting the U.S. annuity business and focusing on its employee benefits business in the U.S. [63] On August 14, 2015, the Dolphins told the Miami Herald that Sun Life's deal would expire in January 2016 and that the team had no plans to renew, wanting to position their renovated stadium as a brand new entity. The team also stated that they would remove Sun Life's signage upon expiration of the deal, regardless of their ability to find a replacement sponsor before then. During renovations, it was known as the New Miami Stadium. [64]

On August 17, 2016, the Dolphins announced that the naming rights had been sold to Hard Rock Cafe International, and that the stadium would be renamed Hard Rock Stadium. [65] [66] [67] The new name was notably ridiculed by fans of the Florida State Seminoles, as the Seminole Tribe of Florida are the owners of the Hard Rock Cafe chain, but the stadium is the host stadium of their rivals, the University of Miami Hurricanes. [68]

NameDuration
Joe Robbie StadiumAugust 16, 1987 – August 25, 1996
Pro Player ParkAugust 26, 1996 – September 9, 1996
Pro Player StadiumSeptember 10, 1996 – January 9, 2005
Dolphins StadiumJanuary 10, 2005 – April 7, 2006
Dolphin StadiumApril 8, 2006 – May 7, 2009
Land Shark StadiumMay 8, 2009 – January 5, 2010
Dolphin StadiumJanuary 6, 2010 – January 19, 2010
Sun Life StadiumJanuary 20, 2010 – January 31, 2016
New Miami StadiumFebruary 1, 2016 – August 16, 2016
Hard Rock StadiumAugust 17, 2016–present

See also

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Preceded by
Orange Bowl
Home of the
Miami Dolphins

1987 – present
Succeeded by
Current
Preceded by
Orange Bowl
Home of the
Miami Hurricanes

2008 – present
Succeeded by
Current
Preceded by
Orange Bowl
Orange Bowl
Host of the Orange Bowl
1996 – 1998
2000 – present
Succeeded by
Orange Bowl
Current
Preceded by
first ballpark
Home of the
Florida Marlins

1993–2011
Succeeded by
Marlins Park
Preceded by
first stadium
Host of the Champs Sports Bowl
1990–2000
Succeeded by
Citrus Bowl
Preceded by
Jack Murphy Stadium
Georgia Dome
Qualcomm Stadium
Ford Field
Raymond James Stadium
Mercedes-Benz Stadium
Host of the Super Bowl
XXIII 1989
XXIX 1995
XXXIII 1999
XLI 2007
XLIV 2010
LIV 2020
Succeeded by
Louisiana Superdome
Sun Devil Stadium
Georgia Dome
University of Phoenix Stadium
Cowboys Stadium
Raymond James Stadium
Preceded by
Louisiana Superdome
Louisiana Superdome
Louisiana Superdome
Mercedes-Benz Superdome
Host of the BCS National Championship Game
2001
2005
2009
2013
Succeeded by
Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl
Preceded by
Rich Stadium
Host of AFC Championship Game
1993
Succeeded by
Rich Stadium
Preceded by
Aloha Stadium
Host of the Pro Bowl
2010
Succeeded by
Aloha Stadium
Preceded by
Georgia Dome
Host of WrestleMania XXVIII
2012
Succeeded by
MetLife Stadium
Preceded by
Crandon Park
Host of the Miami Open
2019 – present
Succeeded by
Current