Coral Gables, Florida

Last updated
Coral Gables, Florida
City of Coral Gables
Coral Gables skyline 20100403.jpg
Downtown Coral Gables in April 2010
Flag of Coral Gables, Florida.png
Flag
Seal of Coral Gables, Florida.png
Seal
Nicknames: 
"The City Beautiful", "The Gables"
Miami-Dade County Florida Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Coral Gables Highlighted.svg
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
Coral Gables.png
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
Coordinates: 25°43′00″N80°16′20″W / 25.71667°N 80.27222°W / 25.71667; -80.27222 Coordinates: 25°43′00″N80°16′20″W / 25.71667°N 80.27222°W / 25.71667; -80.27222
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States of America
State Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
County Flag of Miami-Dade County, Florida.png Miami-Dade
Incorporated April 29, 1925 [1]
Government
  Type Council-Manager
   Mayor Raúl Valdés-Fauli [2]
   Vice Mayor Vince Lago
   Commissioners Patricia Keon, Michael Mena, and Jorge Fors, Jr.
   City Manager Peter Iglesias
   City Clerk Billy Y. Urquia
Area
[3]
   City 37.31 sq mi (96.64 km2)
  Land12.93 sq mi (33.48 km2)
  Water24.38 sq mi (63.16 km2)
Elevation
10 ft (2.8 m)
Population
 (2010)
   City 46,780
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
50,999
  Density3,945.15/sq mi (1,523.22/km2)
   Metro
5,422,200
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s) 305 and 786
FIPS code 12-14250 [5]
GNIS feature ID0280801 [6]
Website www.CityBeautiful.net

Coral Gables, officially the City of Coral Gables, is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States, located southwest of Downtown Miami. The United States Census Bureau estimates conducted in 2017 yielded the city had a population of 51,095. [7] Coral Gables is home to the University of Miami.

City Large and permanent human settlement

A city is a large human settlement. It can be defined as a permanent and densely settled place with administratively defined boundaries whose members work primarily on non-agricultural tasks. Cities generally have extensive systems for housing, transportation, sanitation, utilities, land use, and communication. Their density facilitates interaction between people, government organisations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process.

Miami-Dade County, Florida County in Florida, United States

Miami-Dade County is a county in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Florida. It is the southeasternmost county on the U.S. mainland. According to a 2018 census report, the county had a population of 2,761,581, making it the most populous county in Florida and the seventh-most populous county in the United States. It is also Florida's third largest county in terms of land area, with 1,946 square miles (5,040 km2). The county seat is Miami, the principal city in South Florida.

Florida U.S. state in the United States

Florida is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive, the 3rd-most populous, and the 8th-most densely populated of the U.S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. The Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital.

Contents

History

Coral Gables was one of the first planned communities, and its planning was based on the popular early twentieth century City Beautiful Movement. It is infamous for its strict zoning regulations. [8] The city was developed by George Merrick during the Florida land boom of the 1920s. The city's architecture is almost entirely Mediterranean Revival style, mandated in the original plan, [9] including the Coral Gables Congregational Church, donated by Merrick. The domed Catholic Church of the Little Flower was built somewhat later, in a similar Spanish Renaissance style. By 1926, the city covered 10,000 acres (4,000 ha) and had netted $150 million in sales, with over $100 million spent on development. [10]

George E. Merrick American real estate developer

George Edgar Merrick (1886–1942) was a real estate developer who is best known as the planner and builder of the city of Coral Gables, Florida in the 1920s, one of the first planned communities in the United States.

The Florida land boom of the 1920s was Florida's first real estate bubble, which burst in 1925. The land boom left behind entire new cities, such as Coral Gables, Hialeah, Miami Springs, Opa-locka, Miami Shores, and Hollywood. It also left behind the remains of failed development projects such as Aladdin City in south Miami-Dade County, Fulford-by-the-Sea in what is now North Miami Beach, Miami's Isola di Lolando in north Biscayne Bay, Boca Raton, as it had originally been planned, and Palm Beach Ocean just north of Palm Beach. The land boom shaped Florida's future for decades and created entire new cities out of the Everglades land that remain today. The story includes many parallels to the real estate boom of the 2000s, including the forces of outside speculators, easy credit access for buyers, and rapidly appreciating property values.

Mediterranean Revival architecture design style during the 20th century

Mediterranean Revival is a design style introduced in the United States in the waning nineteenth century variously incorporating references from Spanish Renaissance, Spanish Colonial, Beaux-Arts, Italian Renaissance, Arabic Andalusian architecture, and Venetian Gothic architecture.

A section of historic Coral Gables Rapid Transit track on Segovia Avenue. Coral Gables Rapid Transit track n plaque.jpg
A section of historic Coral Gables Rapid Transit track on Segovia Avenue.

Merrick meticulously designed the downtown commercial district to be only four blocks wide and more than two miles (3 km) long. The main artery bisected the business district. Merrick could boast that every business in Coral Gables was less than a two-block walk. The city used to have an electric trolley system, which was replaced by the popularity of modern automobiles, [11] but now a new free circulator trolley system, initiated in November 2003, runs down Ponce de León Boulevard.

Tram Vehicle used for tramway traffic

A tram is a rail vehicle that runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets; some include segments of segregated right-of-way. The lines or networks operated by tramcars are called tramways. Historically the term electric street railways was also used in the United States. In the United States, the term tram has sometimes been used for rubber-tired trackless trains, which are unrelated to other kinds of trams.

Tourist trolley

A tourist trolley, also called a road trolley, is a rubber-tired bus designed to resemble an old-style streetcar or tram. The vehicles are usually fueled by diesel, or sometimes compressed natural gas.

In 1925, roughly simultaneous to the founding of Coral Gables, the city was selected as the home to the University of Miami, which was constructed that year on 240 acres (97 ha) of land just west of U.S. Route 1, approximately two miles south of downtown Coral Gables.

University of Miami private university in Coral Gables, Florida, United States

The University of Miami is a private research university in Coral Gables, Florida. As of 2018, the university enrolls 17,331 students in 12 separate colleges/schools, including the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine in Miami's Health District, a law school on the main campus, and the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science focused on the study of oceanography and atmospheric sciences on Virginia Key, with research facilities at the Richmond Facility in southern Miami-Dade County.

U.S. Highway 1 (US 1) in Florida runs 545 miles (877 km) along the state's east coast– from Key West to its crossing of the St. Marys River into Georgia north of Boulogne –and south of Folkston. US 1 was designated through Florida when the United States Numbered Highway System was established in 1926. The road is maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT).

During World War II many Navy pilots and mechanics were trained and housed in Coral Gables. Today, Coral Gables is known as the Fine Dining Capital of South Florida.

World War II 1939–1945, between Axis and Allies

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Geography

Coral Gables is located at 25°43′42″N80°16′16″W / 25.728228°N 80.270986°W / 25.728228; -80.270986 . [12] It is bordered on the west by Red Road (West 57th Avenue) north of Sunset Drive (South 72nd Street) and West 49th Avenue and Old Cutler Roads south of Sunset Drive. It is bordered on the north by Tamiami Trail/U.S. Route 41 (South 8th Street), except for a small section that extends north of 8th Street for eight blocks between Ponce de Leon Boulevard and Douglas Road (West 37th Avenue). On the east, it is bordered by Douglas Road (West 37th Avenue) north of South 26th Street, Monegro Street south of South 26th Street to Cadima Avenue, Ponce De Leon Boulevard south of Cadima Avenue to South Dixie Highway (U.S. Route 1), LeJeune Road (West 42nd Avenue) south of U.S. 1 to Battersea Road, and by Biscayne Bay south of Battersea Road. On the south, it is bordered by the Charles Deering Estate.

Red Road (Miami)

Red Road, also known as West 57th Avenue, is a 20.6-mile (33.2 km) main north-south street running west of downtown Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida and into Broward County. Red Road is signed as State Road 959 from U.S. 1 to the south end of the Miami International Airport, and State Road 823 from U.S. 27 to the Broward County line.

Sunset Drive, also known as Southwest 72nd Street is a 12.5-mile-long (20.1 km) east–west arterial road traversing the southwestern suburbs of Miami, Florida, from the northwestern portions of the Kendall area to Coral Gables. A central portion of Sunset Drive is maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation as State Road 986, which runs from the Homestead Extension (HEFT) underpass to Southwest 69th Avenue and is signed through South Miami to US 1.

Old Cutler Road

Old Cutler Road is an off-grid plan, 14.9-mile (24.0 km) main northeast–southwest road running south of downtown Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.2 square miles (96 km2). 13.1 square miles (34 km2) of it is land and 24.0 square miles (62 km2) of it (64.64%) is water.

Surrounding areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1930 5,697
1940 8,29445.6%
1950 19,837139.2%
1960 34,79375.4%
1970 42,49422.1%
1980 43,2411.8%
1990 40,091−7.3%
2000 42,2495.4%
2010 46,78010.7%
Est. 201850,999 [4] 9.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [13]
Coral Gables Demographics
2010 Census Coral GablesMiami-Dade CountyFlorida
Total population46,7802,496,43518,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010+10.7%+10.8%+17.6%
Population density3,621.2/sq mi1,315.5/sq mi350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)91.0%73.8%75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)40.1%15.4%57.9%
Black or African-American 3.0%18.9%16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 53.6%65.0%22.5%
Asian 2.7%1.5%2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.1%0.2%0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.0%0.0%0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 1.8%2.4%2.5%
Some Other Race 1.4%3.2%3.6%

As of 2010, there were 20,266 households, of which 11.4% were vacant. In 2000, 24.45% had children under the age of 18 living with them. In Coral Gables, 61.11% were family households, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.89% were non-families. The average household size was 2.36, and the average household had 1.68 vehicles.

In 2000, the city population was spread out with 17.4% under the age of 18, 14.58% from 18 to 24, 25.02% from 25 to 44, 27.01% from 45 to 64, and 16% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.44 years. The population consisted of 51.31% females and 48.69% males.

In 2015, estimated income figures for the city were as follows: median household income, $93,934; average household income, $150,808; [14] per capita income, $57,195. About 7.6% of citizens were estimated to be living below the poverty line. [15]

As of 2000, Spanish was spoken at home by 51.06% of residents, while English was the only language spoken at home by 43.83%. Other languages spoken by the population were French 1.09%, Portuguese 0.80%, Italian 0.72%, and German speakers made up 0.53% of the populace. [16]

As of 2000, Coral Gables had the eighteenth highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, with 28.72% of the populace. [17] It also had the sixty-fourth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 2.27% of the city's population, [18] and the sixteenth highest percentage of Venezuelan residents in the US, at 1.17% of its population. [19]

Tourism

Coral Way, one of the many scenic roads through the Gables Coral Way 20100321.jpg
Coral Way, one of the many scenic roads through the Gables

Coral Gables is a pedestrian-friendly destination. Located four miles from Miami International Airport, the "City Beautiful" has around 140 dining establishments and gourmet shops, and many notable international retailers. Among the landmarks in Coral Gables are the Venetian Pool, Douglas Entrance and the Miami Biltmore hotel.

Alhambra Circle is Coral Gables' primary financial street with numerous high-rise office buildings CoralGables3.JPG
Alhambra Circle is Coral Gables' primary financial street with numerous high-rise office buildings

Media

The city of Coral Gables has its own newspaper, Coral Gables News , which is published bi-weekly and Coral Gables is covered by several local and regional radio and television stations, several Coral-Gables-focused websites, and one weekly printed newspaper that is part of Miami Community Newspapers. [20]

The Gables' one remaining printed newspaper, The Coral Gables News Tribune, is still published twice monthly and is part of Miami's Community Newspapers, now also online.

At the University of Miami in Coral Gables, The Miami Hurricane , the official student newspaper, is published twice weekly.

Portions of the 1995 film Fair Game were filmed in Coral Gables.[ citation needed ]

Economy

Major Coral Gables intersection at Coral Way (Miracle Mile) and Ponce de Leon Boulevard Coral Gables Miracle Mile 20100403.jpg
Major Coral Gables intersection at Coral Way (Miracle Mile) and Ponce de Leon Boulevard

Transportation

Coral Gables is served by Metrobus throughout the area, and by the Miami Metrorail at:

The City of Coral Gables also provides a free trolley service, with a trolley running a continuous circuit up and down Ponce de Leon Boulevard during the day.

Coral Gables is served by rapid transit on Douglas Road at Douglas Road station, at the University of Miami at University station, and near Sunset Drive and Red Road at South Miami station, connecting the city with Downtown Miami and Miami International Airport.

Diplomatic missions

Several countries operate consulates in Coral Gables. They include Barbados, Colombia, [31] El Salvador, [32] Italy, [33] Spain, [34] the Principality of Monaco, St. Lucia, and Uruguay. [35]

Several countries have honorary consulates located in Coral Gables, including Australia, Belize, Hungary, Senegal, St. Kitts & Nevis, Togo, and Thailand.

In addition, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Miami, of the Republic of China, is located in Suite 610 at 2333 Ponce De Leon Boulevard. [36]

Education

University of Miami University of Miami Otto G. Richter Library.jpg
University of Miami
Coral Gables High School CoralGablesSHS.jpg
Coral Gables High School

University of Miami

Coral Gables is the location of the University of Miami, a university ranked in the top tier of national universities, [37] with particular national status in the fields of business, engineering, law, marine science, medicine, communications, and music. [38]

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Coral Gables schools are part of the Miami-Dade School District, which serves Miami-Dade County. The district has several high schools in Coral Gables, most notably Coral Gables Senior High School and International Studies Preparatory Academy, both of which educate students in grades nine through 12. It also has a K-8 school, Coral Gables Preparatory Academy (formerly Coral Gables Elementary School), with two campuses, including a historic campus located on Ponce de Leon Boulevard. Henry S. West Laboratory Elementary is another school for K-6. Finally it has two middle schools: George Washington Carver Middle School located on Lincoln Dr, and Ponce de Leon Middle School located across from The University of Miami on the East side of U.S. Route 1 on Augusto Street. Present day George Washington Carver Middle was moved to the current location on Grand Avenue on land donated by George Merrick. When Carver died in 1942 the school was renamed in his honor. [39]

Private schools

Gulliver Academy - Marian C. Krutulis Campus, a PreK-8 school that is a member of Gulliver Schools, is within Coral Gables. [40] The management offices of Gulliver Schools were formerly located in Coral Gables. [41] The lower campus of the Riviera Schools is located in Coral Gables.

The historic St. Theresa Catholic School, a PreK-8 school is located near Coral Gables Biltmore Hotel. St. Philip's Episcopal School, the French-American School of Miami, and St. Thomas Episcopal Parish School, all PreK-5 schools, are also located in Coral Gables.

Public libraries

Miami-Dade Public Library System operates the Coral Gables Branch. [42]

Notable people

Places of interest

Festivals and events

Sister cities

Coral Gables has six sister cities, according to the Coral Gables website: [51]

The 2014 indie point-and-click adventure game A Golden Wake is based on the founding and development of Coral Gables in the 1920s. [52]

The 2014 American comedy-drama television series Looking features a character named Augustin who is from Coral Gables.

Related Research Articles

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University station (Miami-Dade County) Miami-Dade Transit metro station

University station is a station on the Metrorail rapid transit system at the University of Miami in Coral Gables, Florida. This station, opened to service May 20, 1984, is located along Ponce de Leon Boulevard at the intersection of South Dixie Highway and Mariposa Court. The stop provides particular convenience to UM students, staff, and resident physicians traveling between the Coral Gables campus, the medical campus at the UM/Jackson Memorial Medical Center at Civic Center station in the Civic Center Health District, and direct access to Downtown Miami and Miami International Airport.

Gulliver Schools Private, independent school

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Coral Gables Senior High School Public secondary school in Coral Gables, Florida , United States

Coral Gables Senior High School is a secondary school located at 450 Bird Road in Coral Gables, Florida, at the corner of LeJeune Road.

Bird Road, co-signed State Road 976 from the Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike in Westwood Lakes, Florida to U.S. Route 1 in Miami, is a 13.7-mile (22.0 km) main east–west road running south of downtown Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida.

Coral Way, co-signed State Road 972 between Douglas Road and US 1 in Miami, is a 16.4-mile-long (26.4 km) primary east-west street that extends from Southwest 157th Avenue in western Miami-Dade County to Brickell Avenue in the Brickell neighborhood of Downtown, Miami, Florida, United States.

MacFarlane Homestead Historic District United States historic place

The MacFarlane Homestead Historic District is a U.S. historic district located in Coral Gables, Florida. The district is bounded by Jefferson Street, Frow Avenue, Brooker Street and Grand Avenue. It contains 32 historic buildings.

Greater Downtown Miami Neighborhood of Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States

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State Road 953, locally known as Le Jeune Road, is a 11.735 miles (18.886 km) long north–south street in Miami-Dade County, Florida running a few miles west of central Miami from U.S. Route 1 in Coral Gables to State Road 916 in Opa-locka. It is also known as West 42nd Avenue on the greater Miami grid plan and East 8th Avenue in the Hialeah grid plan.

Miracle Mile (Coral Gables) shopping area in Coral Gables, Florida

Miracle Mile is a 0.503-mile-long (0.810 km) section of Coral Way between LeJeune Road and Douglas Road in the city of Coral Gables, Florida, United States. It is the main east-west road through the city's downtown central business district, consisting of many shops, financial institutions, restaurants and arts institution. The LeJeune Road end of Miracle Mile is anchored by the Coral Gables City Hall.

Coral Gables Womans Club United States historic place

The Coral Gables Woman's Club is a historic woman's club in Coral Gables, Florida. It is located at 1001 East Ponce de Leon Boulevard. On March 27, 1990, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

Coral Way Neighborhood of Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States

Coral Way is a neighborhood within Miami, Florida that is defined by Coral Way, a road established by Coral Gables founder George E. Merrick during the 1920s. It is located in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States.

Miracle Marketplace is a shopping mall in Miami, Florida, United States, which opened in March 1989. It is located at 3301 Coral Way, just a few blocks east of Douglas Road, east of Coral Gables.

Douglas Road, also West 37th Avenue on the greater Miami grid plan and Northwest 88th Avenue in Miramar, is a 20.4-mile (32.8 km) north–south thoroughfare running west of downtown Miami in Miami-Dade County and Broward County, Florida. It changes names and becomes Pine Island Road, at the intersection with Sheridan Street.

William H. ‘Bill’ Kerdyk Jr. American businessman and politician

William H. ‘Bill’ Kerdyk Jr. is an American entrepreneur, politician and international golf tournament organizer.

The Coral Gables Branch Library is a branch of the Miami-Dade Public Library system, located at 3443 Segovia Street in Coral Gables, Florida. It was established by the Coral Gables Woman's Club in 1927.

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