MacArthur Causeway

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MacArthur Causeway

County Causeway
Watson Island.png
The entirety of the causeway, connecting Downtown and South Beach
Coordinates 25°46′40″N80°09′51″W / 25.777711°N 80.164233°W / 25.777711; -80.164233
Carries6 lanes of
Florida 836.svgUS 41.svgFlorida A1A.svg SR 836 / US 41 / SR A1A
Crosses Biscayne Bay
Locale Miami to Miami Beach
Official nameGeneral Douglas MacArthur Causeway
Maintained by FDOT
Characteristics
Design Causeway, beam, girder
Material Slabs, girders, fill
Total length3.5 miles (5.6 km)
Longest span0.4 miles (0.64 km)
Clearance above 68 feet (21 m)
History
Designer Frederic R. Harris, Inc., American Bridge Company
OpenedFebruary 17, 1920;100 years ago (1920-02-17) [1]
Location
MacArthur Causeway

The General Douglas MacArthur Causeway is a six-lane causeway which connects downtown Miami, Florida to South Beach, Miami Beach via Biscayne Bay.

Contents

The highway is the singular roadway connecting the mainland and beaches to Watson Island and the bay neighborhoods of Palm Island, Hibiscus Island, and Star Island. The MacArthur Causeway carries State Road 836 and State Road A1A over the Biscayne Bay via a girder bridge. Interstate 395 ends at Fountain Street, the entrance to Palm Island Park which has a traffic light as well as bus stops.

History

In the late 1910s, with the deteriorating wooden Collins Bridge (now, the Venetian Causeway) as the only direct land route between mainland Miami and the barrier islands of Miami Beach, construction on the roadway began in 1917. The roadway, dedicated as the County Causeway, was completed in 1920. Watson Island was reclaimed surrounding the western end of the roadway, completed in 1926.

Having undergone several lane and structural expansions following opening of the original two-lane road, the State Road Board and Dade County Commission voted to rename the causeway in honor of World War II General Douglas MacArthur in 1942. [2] The causeway was accessible from mainland Miami via Biscayne Boulevard and intersecting side streets through the 1990s, when replacement of the western- and easternmost spans and construction of direct highway access to I-395 began. The eastbound lanes of the bridges were completed in 1995, and westbound lanes finished in 1997.

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Venetian Causeway Bridge in Florida, United States of America

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Palm Island (Miami Beach) Neighborhood of Miami Beach in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States

Palm Island is a neighborhood in the city of Miami Beach on a man-made island in Biscayne Bay, Florida, United States; just south of Hibiscus Island. It is a residential neighborhood with high property values, solely accessible by land via the MacArthur Causeway. The entire island has an area of 82 acres (33 ha).

Port Miami Tunnel

The Port of Miami Tunnel is a 4,200 feet (1,300 m) bored, undersea tunnel in Miami, Florida. It consists of two parallel tunnels that travel beneath Biscayne Bay, connecting the MacArthur Causeway on Watson Island with PortMiami on Dodge Island. It was built in a public–private partnership between three government entities—the Florida Department of Transportation, Miami-Dade County, and the City of Miami—and the private entity MAT Concessionaire LLC, which was in charge of designing, building, and financing the project and holds a 30-year concession to operate the tunnel.

Hibiscus Island Neighborhood of Miami Beach in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States

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Transportation in South Florida Overview of transportation in South Florida

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References

  1. Lavender, Abraham (2002). Miami Beach in 1920. Mount Pleasant, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 160. ISBN   0-7385-2351-8.
  2. "Causeway Our Thanks for Bataan". The Miami News . April 6, 1964. p. 1A. Retrieved October 20, 2010.

Coordinates: 25°46′40″N80°9′52″W / 25.77778°N 80.16444°W / 25.77778; -80.16444