Oakland Athletics

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Oakland Athletics
Baseball current event.svg 2019 Oakland Athletics season
Established in 1901
Based in Oakland since 1968
Oakland A's logo.svg Oakland A's cap logo.svg
Team logoCap insignia
Major league affiliations


Current uniform
MLB-ALW-OAK-Uniform.png
Retired numbers
Colors
Name
Other nicknames
  • The A's, The Swingin' A's, The White Elephants, The Elephants, The Green and Gold
Ballpark
Major league titles
World Series titles (9)
AL Pennants (15)
West Division titles (16)
Wild card berths (3)
Front office
Owner(s) John J. Fisher
Manager Bob Melvin
General Manager David Forst
President of Baseball Operations Billy Beane

The Oakland Athletics, often referred to as the A's, are an American professional baseball team based in Oakland, California. They compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) West division. The team plays its home games at the Ring Central Coliseum. They have won nine World Series championships, tied for the third-most of all current MLB teams. The 2017 season was the club's 50th while based in Oakland.

Baseball Sport

Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat. The objectives of the offensive team are to hit the ball into the field of play, and to run the bases—having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, and to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate. The team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner.

Oakland, California City in California, United States

Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States. A major West Coast port city, Oakland is the largest city in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, the third largest city overall in the San Francisco Bay Area, the eighth most populated city in California, and the 45th largest city in the United States. With a population of 432,897 as of 2019, it serves as a trade center for the San Francisco Bay Area; its Port of Oakland is the busiest port in the San Francisco Bay, the entirety of Northern California, and the fifth busiest in the United States of America. An act to incorporate the city was passed on May 4, 1852, and incorporation was later approved on March 25, 1854, which officially made Oakland a city. Oakland is a charter city.

Major League Baseball Professional baseball league

Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play in the National League (NL) and American League (AL), with 15 teams in each league. The NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1876 and 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining legally separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000. The organization also oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament.

Contents

One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the team was founded in Philadelphia in 1901 as the Philadelphia Athletics . They won three World Series championships from 1910 to 1913 and back-to-back titles in 1929 and 1930. The team's owner and manager for its first 50 years was Connie Mack and Hall of Fame players included Chief Bender, Frank "Home Run" Baker, Jimmie Foxx, and Lefty Grove. The team left Philadelphia for Kansas City in 1955 and became the Kansas City Athletics before moving to Oakland in 1968. They won three consecutive World Championships between 1972 and 1974, led by players including Vida Blue, Catfish Hunter, Reggie Jackson, ace reliever Rollie Fingers, and colorful owner Charlie O. Finley. After being sold by Finley to Walter A. Haas Jr., the team won three consecutive pennants and the 1989 World Series behind the "Bash Brothers", Jose Canseco and Mark McGwire, as well as Hall of Famers Dennis Eckersley, Rickey Henderson and manager Tony La Russa.

Philadelphia Largest city in Pennsylvania, United States

Philadelphia, known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2018 census-estimated population of 1,584,138. Since 1854, the city has been coterminous with Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U.S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is also the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. The Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States.

The 1901 Major League Baseball season, involved the inaugural season of the American League. The eight franchises that comprised the AL that year were the Baltimore Orioles, the Boston Americans, the Chicago White Stockings, the Cleveland Blues, the Detroit Tigers, the Milwaukee Brewers, the Philadelphia Athletics and the Washington Senators.

The Oakland Athletics, a current Major League Baseball franchise, originated in Philadelphia. This article details the history of the Philadelphia Athletics, from 1901 to 1954, when they moved to Kansas City.

From 1901 to 2018, the Athletics' overall win–loss record is 8,931–9,387 (.488). [3]

History

The history of the Athletics Major League Baseball franchise spans the period from 1901 to the present day, having begun in Philadelphia before moving to Kansas City in 1955 and then to its current home in Oakland, California, in 1968. The A's made their Bay Area debut on Wednesday, April 17, 1968, with a 4-1 loss to the Baltimore Orioles at the Coliseum, in front of an opening-night crowd of 50,164. [4]

Kansas City, Missouri City in western Missouri

Kansas City is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city had an estimated population of 488,943 in 2017, making it the 37th most-populous city in the United States. It is the central city of the Kansas City metropolitan area, which straddles the Kansas–Missouri state line. Kansas City was founded in the 1830s as a Missouri River port at its confluence with the Kansas River coming in from the west. On June 1, 1850 the town of Kansas was incorporated; shortly after came the establishment of the Kansas Territory. Confusion between the two ensued and the name Kansas City was assigned to distinguish them soon after.

Baltimore Orioles Baseball team and Major League Baseball franchise in Baltimore, Maryland, United States

The Baltimore Orioles are an American professional baseball team based in Baltimore, Maryland. As one of the American League's eight charter teams in 1901, this particular franchise spent its first year as a major league club in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, as the Milwaukee Brewers before moving to St. Louis, Missouri, to become the St. Louis Browns. After 52 often-beleaguered years in St. Louis, the franchise was purchased in November 1953 by a syndicate of Baltimore business and civic interests led by attorney/civic activist Clarence Miles and Mayor Thomas D'Alesandro Jr. The team's current majority owner is lawyer Peter Angelos.

Team name

The Athletics' name originated in the term "Athletic Club" for local gentlemen's clubs—dates to 1860 when an amateur team, the Athletic (Club) of Philadelphia, was formed. (A famous image from that era, published in Harper's Weekly in 1866, shows the Athletic players dressed in uniforms displaying the familiar blackletter "A" on the front.) The team later turned professional through 1875, becoming a charter member of the National League in 1876, but were expelled from the N.L. after one season. A later version of the Athletics played in the American Association from 1882 to 1891. [5]

<i>Harpers Weekly</i>

Harper's Weekly, A Journal of Civilization was an American political magazine based in New York City. Published by Harper & Brothers from 1857 until 1916, it featured foreign and domestic news, fiction, essays on many subjects, and humor, alongside illustrations. It carried extensive coverage of the American Civil War, including many illustrations of events from the war. During its most influential period, it was the forum of the political cartoonist Thomas Nast.

Blackletter Old script typeface used throughout Western Europe

Blackletter, also known as Gothic script, Gothic minuscule, or Textura, was a script used throughout Western Europe from approximately 1150 to well into the 17th century. It continued to be used for the Danish language until 1875, and for German, Estonian and Latvian until the 20th century. Fraktur is a notable script of this type, and sometimes the entire group of blackletter faces is incorrectly referred to as Fraktur. Blackletter is sometimes referred to as Old English, but it is not to be confused with the Old English language, which predates blackletter by many centuries and was written in the insular script or in Futhorc.

National League Baseball league, part of Major League Baseball

The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, and the world's oldest current professional team sports league. Founded on February 2, 1876, to replace the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (NAPBBP) of 1871–1875, the NL is sometimes called the Senior Circuit, in contrast to MLB's other league, the American League, which was founded 25 years later.

Elephant mascot

After New York Giants manager John McGraw told reporters that Philadelphia manufacturer Benjamin Shibe, who owned the controlling interest in the new team, had a "white elephant on his hands", team manager Connie Mack defiantly adopted the white elephant as the team mascot, and presented McGraw with a stuffed toy elephant at the start of the 1905 World Series. [6] McGraw and Mack had known each other for years, and McGraw accepted it graciously. By 1909, the A's were wearing an elephant logo on their sweaters, and in 1918 it turned up on the regular uniform jersey for the first time.

John McGraw American baseball player, manager

John Joseph McGraw, nicknamed "Little Napoleon" and "Mugsy", was a Major League Baseball (MLB) player and manager of the New York Giants. He stood 5 feet 7 inches (1.70 m) tall and weighed 155 pounds (70 kg). He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937. While primarily a third baseman throughout his career, he also played shortstop and the outfield in the major leagues.

Ben Shibe American sporting goods and baseball executive

Benjamin Franklin Shibe was an American sporting goods and baseball executive who was owner and president of the Philadelphia Athletics of the American League from 1901 until his death. He is credited with the invention of the automated stitching machinery to make standardized baseballs. Shibe Park was named in his honor from 1909 to 1954. Shibe died in 1922, and is buried in West Laurel Hill Cemetery, Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania.

White elephant Idiom – name for large constructions that are not used

A white elephant is a possession which its owner cannot dispose of and whose cost, particularly that of maintenance, is out of proportion to its usefulness. In modern usage, it is an object, building project, scheme, business venture, facility, etc., considered expensive but without use or value.

In 1963, when the A's were located in Kansas City, then-owner Charlie Finley changed the team mascot from an elephant to a mule, the state animal of Missouri. This is rumored to have been done by Finley in order to appeal to fans from the region who were predominantly Democrats at the time.[ citation needed ] (The traditional Republican Party symbol is an elephant, while the Democratic Party's symbol is a donkey.) Since 1988, the Athletics' 21st season in Oakland, an illustration of an elephant has adorned the left sleeve of the A's home and road uniforms. Beginning in the mid 1980s, the on-field costumed incarnation of the A's elephant mascot went by the name Harry Elephante. [7] In 1997, he took his current form, Stomper. [8]

Team uniform

Through the seasons, the Athletics' uniforms have usually paid homage to their amateur forebears to some extent. Until 1954, when the uniforms had "Athletics" spelled out in script across the front, the team's name never appeared on either home or road uniforms. Furthermore, neither "Philadelphia" nor the letter "P" ever appeared on the uniform or cap. The typical Philadelphia uniform had only a script "A" on the left front, and likewise the cap usually had the same "A" on it. In the early days of the American League, the standings listed the club as "Athletic" rather than "Philadelphia", in keeping with the old tradition. Eventually, the city name came to be used for the team, as with the other major league clubs.

After buying the team in 1960, owner Charles O. Finley introduced new road uniforms with "Kansas City" printed on them, as well as an interlocking "KC" on the cap. Upon moving to Oakland, the "A" cap emblem was restored, although in 1970 an "apostrophe-s" was added to the cap and uniform emblem to reflect the fact that Finley was in the process of officially changing the team's name to the "A's".

The Athletics logo (1983-1992) Oakland Athletics logo 1983 to 1992.png
The Athletics logo (1983–1992)

Also while in Kansas City, Finley changed the team's colors from their traditional red, white and blue to what he termed "Kelly Green, Wedding Gown White and Fort Knox Gold". It was also here that he began experimenting with dramatic uniforms to match these bright colors, such as gold sleeveless tops with green undershirts and gold pants. The innovative uniforms only increased after the team's move to Oakland, which also came at the time of the introduction of polyester pullover uniforms. During their dynasty years in the 1970s, the A's had dozens of uniform combinations with jerseys and pants in all three team colors, and in fact did not wear the traditional gray on the road, instead wearing green or gold, which helped to contribute to their nickname of "The Swingin' A's". After the team's sale to the Haas family, the team changed its primary color to a more subdued forest green and began a move back to more traditional uniforms.

Justin Duchscherer pitched for the Oakland Athletics Duke1SEA.jpg
Justin Duchscherer pitched for the Oakland Athletics

Currently, the team wears home uniforms with "Athletics" spelled out in script writing and road uniforms with "Oakland" spelled out in script writing, with the cap logo consisting of the traditional "A" with "apostrophe-s". The home cap is green with a gold bill and white lettering, while the road cap, debuting in 2014, is all green with "A's" in white with gold trim. Regardless of road or home games, the batting helmets used are green with gold brim. However, before 2009, when the black A's helmets appeared, road helmets were green with green brim.

From 1994 until 2013, the A's wore green alternate jerseys with the word "Athletics" in gold. It was used on both road and home games. During the 2000s, the Athletics introduced black as one of their colors. They began wearing a black alternate jersey with "Athletics" written in green. After a brief discontinuance, the A's brought back the black jersey, this time with "Athletics" written in white with gold highlights. Commercially popular but rarely chosen as the alternate by players, in 2011 they were replaced by a new gold alternate jersey with "A's" in green on the left chest. With the exception of several road games during the 2011 season, the Athletics' gold uniforms are used as the designated home alternates. A green version of their gold alternates was introduced for the 2014 season to replace their previous green alternates. The new green alternates feature the piping, "A's" and lettering in white with gold trim.

In 2018, as part of the franchise's 50th anniversary since the move to Oakland, the A's wore a kelly green alternate uniform with "Oakland" in white with gold trim, and was paired with an all-kelly green cap. [9]

The nickname "A's" has long been used interchangeably with "Athletics", dating to the team's early days when headline writers wanted a way to shorten the name. From 1972 through 1980, the team nickname was officially "Oakland A's", although, during that time, the Commissioner's Trophy, given out annually to the winner of baseball's World Series, still listed the team's name as the "Oakland Athletics" on the gold-plated pennant representing the Oakland franchise. According to Bill Libby's Book, Charlie O and the Angry A's, owner Charlie O. Finley banned the word "Athletics" from the club's name because he felt that name was too closely associated with former Philadelphia Athletics owner Connie Mack, and he wanted the name "Oakland A's" to become just as closely associated with him. The name also vaguely suggested the name of the old minor league Oakland Oaks, which were alternatively called the "Acorns". New owner Walter Haas restored the official name to "Athletics" in 1981, but retained the nickname "A's" for marketing purposes. At first, the word "Athletics" was restored only to the club's logo, underneath the much larger stylized-"A" that had come to represent the team since the early days. By 1987, however, the word returned, in script lettering, to the front of the team's jerseys.

Prior to the mid-2010s, the A's had a long-standing tradition of wearing white cleats, which date back to the Finley ownership. In recent years, however, the MLB gradually relaxed its rules on specific sneaker colors, and several A's players began wearing other colored cleats, most notably Jed Lowrie's green cleats.

Stadium

The Oakland Alameda Coliseum—originally known as the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum, and later named as Network Associates, McAfee and Overstock.com Coliseum—was built as a multi-purpose facility. Louisiana Superdome officials pursued negotiations with Athletics officials during the 1978–79 baseball offseason about moving the Athletics to the Superdome in New Orleans. The Athletics were unable to break their lease at the Coliseum, and remained in Oakland. [10]

After the Oakland Raiders football team moved to Los Angeles in 1982, many improvements were made to what was suddenly a baseball-only facility. The 1994 movie Angels in the Outfield was filmed in part at the Coliseum, filling in for Anaheim Stadium.

The Coliseum as seen in its original open grandstand configuration before being enclosed. 1984 Mother's Cookies - Oakland Coliseum.JPG
The Coliseum as seen in its original open grandstand configuration before being enclosed.

Then, in 1995, a deal was struck whereby the Raiders would move back to Oakland for the 1995 season. The agreement called for the expansion of the Coliseum to 63,026 seats. The bucolic view of the Oakland foothills that baseball spectators enjoyed was replaced with a jarring view of an outfield grandstand contemptuously referred to as "Mount Davis" after Raiders' owner Al Davis. Because construction was not finished by the start of the 1996 season, the Athletics were forced to play their first six-game homestand at 9,300-seat Cashman Field in Las Vegas. [11]

Although official capacity was stated to be 43,662 for baseball, seats were sometimes sold in Mount Davis as well, pushing "real" capacity to the area of 60,000. The ready availability of tickets on game day made season tickets a tough sell, while crowds as high as 30,000 often seemed sparse in such a venue. On December 21, 2005, the Athletics announced that seats in the Coliseum's third deck would not be sold for the 2006 season, but would instead be covered with a tarp, and that tickets would no longer be sold in Mount Davis under any circumstances. That effectively reduced capacity to 34,077, making the Coliseum the smallest stadium in Major League Baseball. Beginning in 2008, sections 316–318 were the only open third-deck sections for A's games, which brought the total capacity to 35,067 until 2017 when new team president Dave Kaval took the tarps off of the upper deck, increasing capacity to 47,170. The Athletics are the only remaining MLB team still sharing a stadium with an NFL team on a full-time basis.

The Athletics' Spring training facility is Hohokam Stadium, located in Mesa, Arizona. From 1982 to 2014, their spring training facility was Phoenix Municipal Stadium, located in Phoenix, Arizona. [12] Previous spring-training sites since they moved to Oakland in 1968 were Yuma and Mesa, Arizona, as well as Las Vegas, Nevada, all in the 1970s. [ citation needed ]

New stadium proposals

Since the mid-2000s the A's have been in talks with Oakland and other Northern California cities about building a new baseball-only stadium. The team has said it wants to remain in Oakland. On November 28, 2018, the Athletics announced that the team had chosen to build its new 34,000-seat ballpark at the Howard Terminal site at the Port of Oakland. The team also announced its intent to purchase the Coliseum site and renovate it into a tech and housing hub, preserving Oracle Arena and reducing the Coliseum to a low-rise sports park as San Francisco did with Kezar Stadium. [13]

Prior proposals

Fremont

After the city of Oakland failed to make any progress toward a stadium, the A's began contemplating a move to the Warm Springs district of suburban Fremont. Fremont is about 25 miles south of Oakland; many nearby residents are already a part of the current Athletics fanbase.

On November 7, 2006, many media sources announced the Athletics would be leaving Oakland as early as 2010 for a new stadium in Fremont, confirmed the next day by the Fremont City Council. The plan was strongly supported by Fremont Mayor Bob Wasserman. [14] The team would have played in what was planned to be called Cisco Field, a 32,000-seat, baseball-only facility. [15] The proposed ballpark would have been part of a larger "ballpark village" which would have included retail and residential development. On February 24, 2009, however, Lew Wolff released an open letter regarding the end of his efforts to relocate the A's to Fremont, citing "real and threatened" delays to the project. [16] The project faced opposition from some in the community who thought the relocation of the A's to Fremont would increase traffic problems in the city and decrease property values near the ballpark site.

San Jose

In 2009, the City of San Jose attempted to open negotiations with the team regarding a move to the city. Although parcels of land south of Diridon Station would be acquired by the city as a stadium site, the San Francisco Giants' claim on Santa Clara County as part of their home territory would have to be settled before any agreement could be made. [17]

By 2010, San Jose was "aggressively wooing" A's owner Lew Wolff. Wolff referred to San Jose as the team's "best option", but Major League Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig said he would wait on a report on whether the team could move to the area because of the Giants conflict. [18] In September 2010, 75 Silicon Valley CEOs drafted and signed a letter to Bud Selig urging a timely approval of the move to San Jose. [19] In May 2011, San Jose Mayor Chuck Reed sent a letter to Bud Selig asking the commissioner for a timetable of when he might decide whether the A's can pursue this new ballpark, but Selig did not respond. [20]

Selig addressed the San Jose issue via an online town hall forum held in July 2011, saying, "Well, the latest is, I have a small committee who has really assessed that whole situation, Oakland, San Francisco, and it is complex. You talk about complex situations; they have done a terrific job. I know there are some people who think it's taken too long and I understand that. I'm willing to accept that. But you make decisions like this; I've always said, you'd better be careful. Better to get it done right than to get it done fast. But we'll make a decision that's based on logic and reason at the proper time." [21]

On June 18, 2013, the City of San Jose filed suit against Selig, seeking the court's ruling that Major League Baseball may not prevent the Oakland A's from moving to San Jose. [22] Wolff criticized the lawsuit, stating he did not believe business disputes should be settled through legal action. [23]

Most of the city's claims were dismissed in October 2013, but a U.S. District Judge ruled that San Jose could move forward with its count that MLB illegally interfered with an option agreement between the city and the A's for land. On January 15, 2015, a three-judge panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled unanimously that the claims were barred by baseball's antitrust exemption, established by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1922 and upheld in 1953 and 1972. San Jose Mayor Sam Liccardo commented that the city would seek a ruling from the U.S. Supreme Court. [24] On October 5, 2015, the United States Supreme Court rejected San Jose's bid on the Athletics. [25]

Peralta

A 2017 plan would have placed a new 35,000 seat A's stadium near Laney College and the Eastlake neighborhood on the current site of the Peralta Community College District's administration buildings. The plan was announced by team president Dave Kaval in September 2017. [26] However, just three months later, college officials abruptly ended the negotiations. [27]

Rivals

San Francisco Giants

The Bay Bridge Series is the name of a series games played between (and the rivalry of) the A's and San Francisco Giants of the National League. The series takes its name from the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge which links the cities of Oakland and San Francisco. Although competitive, the regional rivalry between the A's and Giants is considered a friendly one with mostly mutual companionship between the fans, as opposed to White Sox–Cubs, or Yankees–Mets games where animosity runs high. Hats displaying both teams on the cap are sold from vendors at the games, and once in a while the teams both dress in original team uniforms from the early era of baseball. The series is also occasionally referred to as the "BART Series" for the Bay Area Rapid Transit system that links Oakland to San Francisco. However, the name "BART Series" has never been popular beyond a small selection of history books and national broadcasters and has fallen out of favor. Bay Area locals almost exclusively refer to the rivalry as the "Battle of the Bay".[ citation needed ]

Originally, the term described a series of exhibition games played between the two clubs after the conclusion of spring training, immediately prior to the start of the regular season. It was first used to refer to the 1989 World Series in which the Athletics won their most recent championship and the first time the teams had met since they moved to the San Francisco Bay Area (and the first time they had met since the A's also defeated the Giants in the 1913 World Series). Today, it also refers to games played between the teams during the regular season since the commencement of interleague play in 1997. Through the 2018 regular season, the Athletics have won 63 games, and the Giants have won 57 contests. [28]

The A's also have edges on the Giants in terms of overall postseason appearances (18-12), division titles (16-8) and World Series titles (4-3) since both teams moved to the Bay Area, even though the Giants franchise moved there a decade earlier than the A's did.

On March 24, 2018 the Oakland A's announced that for the Sunday March 25, 2018 exhibition game against the San Francisco Giants, A's fans would be charged $30 for parking and Giants fans would be charged $50. However, the A's stated that Giants fans could receive $20 off if they shout "Go A's" at the parking gates. [29]

In 2018 the Athletics and Giants started battling for a "Bay Bridge" Trophy [30] made from steel taken from the old bay bridge which was taken down after a new bridge was opened in 2013. [31] [32] The A's won the inaugural season with the trophy, allowing them to place their logo atop its bay bridge stand. [33]

Historic rivalries

Philadelphia Phillies

The City Series was the name of a series of baseball games played between the Athletics and the Philadelphia Phillies of the National League that ran from 1903 through 1955. After the A's move to Kansas City in 1955, the City Series rivalry came to an end. The teams have since faced each other in interleague play (since its introduction in 1997) but the rivalry has effectively died in the intervening years since the A's left Philadelphia. In 2014, when the A's faced the Phillies in inter-league play at the Oakland Coliseum, the Athletics didn't bother to mark the historical connection, going so far as to have a Connie Mack promotion the day before the series while the Texas Rangers were in Oakland. [34]

The first City Series was held in 1883 between the Phillies and the American Association Philadelphia Athletics. [35] When the Athletics first joined the American League, the two teams played each other in a spring and fall series. No City Series was held in 1901 and 1902 due to legal warring between the National League and American League.

Achievements

Awards

Hall of Famers

Oakland Athletics Hall of Famers
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
Philadelphia Athletics

Home Run Baker
Chief Bender
Ty Cobb
Mickey Cochrane

Eddie Collins
Jimmy Collins
Stan Coveleski
Elmer Flick

Nellie Fox
Jimmie Foxx
Lefty Grove
Waite Hoyt
George Kell

Nap Lajoie
Connie Mack *
Herb Pennock
Eddie Plank *

Al Simmons
Tris Speaker
Rube Waddell *
Zack Wheat

Kansas City Athletics

Luke Appling 1

Lou Boudreau 1

Whitey Herzog 2
Tommy Lasorda 2

Satchel Paige

Enos Slaughter

Oakland Athletics

Harold Baines
Orlando Cepeda
Dennis Eckersley
Rollie Fingers

Goose Gossage
Rickey Henderson
Catfish Hunter**

Reggie Jackson
Tony La Russa 2
Willie McCovey

Joe Morgan
Mike Piazza
Tim Raines

Don Sutton
Frank Thomas
Billy Williams
Dick Williams 2

  • Players and managers listed in bold are depicted on their Hall of Fame plaques wearing a Athletics cap insignia.
  • * – depicted on Hall of Fame plaque without a cap or cap insignia; Hall of Fame recognizes Athletics as "Primary Team"
  • ** – Catfish Hunter could not decide between the Yankees and Athletics, and so opted to wear no insignia on his cap upon his induction.
  • 1 − inducted as player; managed Athletics or was player-manager
  • 2 – inducted as manager; played for Athletics or was player-manager

Ford C. Frick Award recipients

Oakland Athletics Ford C. Frick Award recipients
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

Harry Caray
Herb Carneal

Al Helfer
Bill King

By Saam
Lon Simmons

  • Names in bold received the award based primarily on their work as broadcasters for the Athletics.

Retired numbers

The Athletics have retired six numbers, and honored one additional individual with the letter "A". Walter A. Haas, Jr., owner of the team from 1980 until his death in 1995, was honored by the retirement of the letter "A". Of the six players with retired numbers, five were retired for their play with the Athletics and one, 42, was universally retired by Major League Baseball when they honored the 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinson's breaking the color barrier. No A's player from the Philadelphia era has his number retired by the organization. Though Jackson and Hunter played small portions of their careers in Kansas City, no player that played the majority of his years in the Kansas City era has his number retired either. The A's have retired only the numbers of Hall of Fame members who played large portions of their careers in Oakland. The Athletics have all of the numbers of the Hall-of-Fame players from the Philadelphia Athletics displayed at their stadium, as well as all of the years that the Philadelphia Athletics won World Championships (1910, 1911, 1913, 1929, and 1930).

OaklandRetired09.PNG
Reggie
Jackson

RF
 
Retired
May 22, 2004
OaklandRetired24.png
Rickey
Henderson

LF
 
Retired
August 1, 2009
OaklandRetired27.PNG
Catfish
Hunter

P
 
Retired
June 9, 1991
OaklandRetired34.PNG
Rollie
Fingers

P
 
Retired
July 5, 1993
OaklandRetired43.PNG
Dennis
Eckersley

P
 
Retired
August 13, 2005
WalterHaas.png
Walter A.
Haas, Jr.

Owner
 
Honored
1995
OaklandRetired42.PNG
Jackie
Robinson

All MLB
Retired
April 15, 1997

Athletics Hall of Fame

On September 5, 2018, the Athletics held a ceremony to induct seven members into the inaugural class of the team's Hall of Fame. Each member was honored with an unveiling of a painting in their likeness and a bright green jacket. Hunter, who died in 1999, was represented by his widow, while Finley, who died in 1996, was represented by his son. If the team ever gets a new stadium, a physical site will be designated for the Hall of Fame, as the Coliseum does not have enough space for a full-fledged exhibit. [36] [37]

Key
Dagger-14-plain.png
Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame
Oakland Athletics Hall of Fame
No.PlayerPositionTenureInducted
43 Dennis Eckersley Dagger-14-plain.png P 1987–19952018
34 Rollie Fingers Dagger-14-plain.png P 1968–19762018
24 Rickey Henderson Dagger-14-plain.png LF 1979–1984
1989–1993
1994–1995
1998
2018
27 Catfish Hunter Dagger-14-plain.png P 1965–19742018
9 Reggie Jackson Dagger-14-plain.png RF 1967–1975
1987
2018
34 Dave Stewart P1986–1992
1995
2018
Charlie Finley Owner
General Manager
1960–19812018

Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame

Dave Stewart, Oakland Athletics pitcher from 1986 to 1992 and 1995 Dave Stewart on August 1, 2009.jpg
Dave Stewart, Oakland Athletics pitcher from 1986 to 1992 and 1995

17 members of the Athletics organization have been honored with induction into the Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame.

Athletics in the Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame
No.PlayerPositionTenureNotes
12 Dusty Baker OF 1985–1986
14, 17, 21, 28, 35 Vida Blue P 1969–1977
19 Bert "Campy" Campaneris SS 1968–1976
12 Orlando Cepeda 1B 1972Elected mainly on his performance with San Francisco Giants
4, 6, 10, 14 Sam Chapman CF 1938–1941
1945–1951
Born and raised in Tiburon, California
43 Dennis Eckersley P 1987–1995Grew up in Fremont
32, 34, 38 Rollie Fingers P 1968–1976
Walter A. Haas, Jr. Owner1981–1995Grew up in San Francisco, attended UC Berkeley
27 Catfish Hunter P 1968–1974
9, 31, 44 Reggie Jackson RF 1968–1975
1987
1 Eddie Joost SS
Manager
1947–1954
1954
Born and raised in San Francisco
10, 11, 22, 29, 42 Tony La Russa IF
Manager
1963
1968–1971
1986–1995
1, 4 Billy Martin 2B
Manager
1957
1980–1982
Elected mainly on his performance with New York Yankees, Born in Berkeley
44 Willie McCovey 1B 1976Elected mainly on his performance with San Francisco Giants
8 Joe Morgan 2B 1984Elected mainly on his performance with Cincinnati Reds, raised in Oakland
19 Dave Righetti P 1994Born and raised in San Jose
34, 35 Dave Stewart P 1986–1992
1995
Born and raised in Oakland

Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame

The Athletics have all of the numbers of the Hall-of-Fame players from the Philadelphia Athletics displayed at their stadium, as well as all of the years that the Philadelphia Athletics won World Championships (1910, 1911, 1913, 1929, and 1930).

Also, from 1978 to 2003 (except 1983), the Philadelphia Phillies inducted one former Athletic (and one former Phillie) each year into the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame at the then-existing Veterans Stadium. 25 Athletics have been honored. In March 2004, after Veterans Stadium was replaced by the new Citizens Bank Park, the Athletics' plaques were relocated to the Philadelphia Athletics Historical Society in Hatboro, Pennsylvania, [38] [39] [40] and a single plaque listing all of the A's inductees was attached to a statue of Connie Mack that is located across the street from Citizens Bank Park. [41] [42]

Key
YearYear inducted
BoldMember of the Baseball Hall of Fame
Dagger-14-plain.png
Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame as a member of the A's
BoldRecipient of the Hall of Fame's Ford C. Frick Award
Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame
No.PlayerPositionTenureInducted
Frank "Home Run" Baker Dagger-14-plain.png 3B 1908–19141993
Charles "Chief" Bender Dagger-14-plain.png P 1903–19141991
4, 6, 10, 14 Sam Chapman CF 1938–19511999
2 Mickey Cochrane C 1925–19331982
  Eddie Collins 2B 1906–1914
1927–1930
1987
Jack Coombs P 1906–19141992
5 Jimmy Dykes 3B/2B
Coach
Manager
1918–1932
1940–1950
1951–1953
1984
11 George Earnshaw P 1928–19332000
5, 8 Ferris Fain 1B 1947–19521997
2, 3, 4 Jimmie Foxx 1B 1925–19351979
10 Lefty Grove P 1925–19331980
4, 7, 26 "Indian Bob" Johnson LF 1933–19421989
1 Eddie Joost SS
Manager
1947–1954
1954
1995
Connie Mack Dagger-14-plain.pngManager
Owner
1901–1950
1901–1954
1978
9, 27 Bing Miller RF 1922–1926
1928–1934
1998
1, 2, 9, 19 Wally Moses RF 1935–1941
1949–1951
1988
Rube Oldring CF 1906–1916
1918
2003
Eddie Plank Dagger-14-plain.png P 1901–19141985
14 Eddie Rommel P 1920–19321996
21, 30 Bobby Shantz P 1949–19541994
6, 7, 28, 32 Al Simmons Dagger-14-plain.png LF
Coach
1924–1932
1940–1941, 1944
1940–1945
1981
10, 15, 21, 35, 38 Elmer Valo RF 1940–19541990
Rube Waddell Dagger-14-plain.png P 1902–19071986
12 Rube Walberg P 1923–19332002
6, 19, 30 Gus Zernial LF 1951–19542001

Philadelphia Sports Hall of Fame

Athletics in the Philadelphia Sports Hall of Fame
No.NamePositionTenureInductedNotes
Connie Mack Manager
Owner
1901–1950
1901–1954
2004
2, 3, 4 Jimmie Foxx 1B 1925–19352004
10 Lefty Grove P 1925–19332005
6, 7, 28, 32 Al Simmons LF
Coach
1924–1932
1940–1941, 1944
1940–1945
2006
2 Mickey Cochrane C 1925–19332007
Eddie Collins 2B 1906–1914
1927–1930
2009
21, 30 Bobby Shantz P 1949–19542010
5 Jimmy Dykes 3B/2B
Coach
Manager
1918–1932
1940–1950
1951–1953
2011Born in Philadelphia
Eddie Plank P 1901–19142012
Charles "Chief" Bender P 1903–19142014
Herb Pennock P 1912–19152014Elected mainly on his performance with New York Yankees
By Saam Broadcaster1938–19542014

Team captains

Season-by-season records

The records of the Athletics' last ten seasons in Major League Baseball are listed below.

SeasonWinsLossesWin %PlacePlayoffs
2009 7587.4634th in AL West
2010 8181.5002nd in AL West
2011 7488.4573rd in AL West
2012 9468.5801st in AL WestLost ALDS vs. Detroit Tigers, 3–2
2013 9666.5931st in AL WestLost ALDS vs. Detroit Tigers, 3–2
2014 8874.5432nd in AL WestLost ALWC vs. Kansas City Royals, 9–8
2015 6894.4205th in AL West
2016 6993.4265th in AL West
2017 7587.4635th in AL West
2018 9765.5992nd in AL WestLost ALWC vs. New York Yankees, 7–2
10-Year Record817803.504
All-Time Record8,9319,387.488

Individuals

Khris Davis (outfielder/hitter) has been called “the most consistent hitter in baseball history” [43] with his 2014 to 2018 season averages of .244, .247, .247, .247, and .247. [44]

Current roster

Oakland Athletics roster
Active rosterInactive rosterCoaches/Other

Pitchers
Starting rotation

Bullpen

Closer

Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders

Designated hitters

Pitchers


Infielders

Outfielders

Manager

Coaches

60-day injured list


25 active, 14 inactive

Injury icon 2.svg 7- or 10-day injured list
Dagger-14-plain.png Suspended list
# Personal leave
Roster and coaches updated May 13, 2019
Transactions Depth chart

All MLB rosters

Minor league affiliations

The Oakland Athletics farm system consists of seven minor league affiliates. [45]

LevelTeamLeagueLocation
Triple-A Las Vegas Aviators Pacific Coast League Summerlin, Nevada
Double-A Midland RockHounds Texas League Midland, Texas
Class A-Advanced Stockton Ports California League Stockton, California
Class A Beloit Snappers Midwest League Beloit, Wisconsin
Class A Short Season Vermont Lake Monsters New York–Penn League Burlington, Vermont
Rookie AZL Athletics Arizona League Mesa, Arizona
DSL Athletics Dominican Summer League Santo Domingo, Distrito Nacional, Dominican Republic

Radio and television

As of the 2019 season, the Oakland Athletics have had 14 radio homes. [46] Since 2019, the Athletics' flagship radio station has been KTRB 860 AM "The Answer". The Athletics also have a partnership with TuneIn which includes a free live 24/7 exclusive A’s station to stream the radio broadcast within the Athletics market and other A's programming. [47] The announcing team features Ken Korach and Vince Cotroneo.

Television coverage is exclusively on NBC Sports California. Some A's games air on an alternate feed of NBCS, called NBCS Plus, if the main channel shows a Sacramento Kings game at the same time. On TV, Glen Kuiper covers play-by-play, and Ray Fosse typically provides color commentary. Kuiper and Fosse are frequently joined by Dallas Braden, who adds additional color from the field level.

The 2003 Michael Lewis book Moneyball chronicles the 2002 Oakland Athletics season, with a specific focus on Billy Beane's economic approach to managing the organization under significant financial constraints. Beginning in June 2003, the book remained on The New York Times Best Seller list for 18 consecutive weeks, peaking at number 2. [48] [49] In 2011, Columbia Pictures released a film adaptation based on Lewis' book, which featured Brad Pitt playing the role of Beane. On September 19, 2011, the U.S. premiere of Moneyball was held at the Paramount Theatre in Oakland, which featured a green carpet for attendees to walk, rather than the traditional red carpet. [50]

See also

Notes

  1. The team's official colors are green and gold, according to the team's mascot (Stomper)'s official website. [1]

Related Research Articles

Charles Oscar Finley, nicknamed Charlie O or Charley O, was an American businessman who is best remembered for his tenure as the owner of Major League Baseball's Oakland Athletics. Finley purchased the franchise while it was located in Kansas City, moving it to Oakland in 1968. He is also known as a short-lived owner of the National Hockey League's California Golden Seals and the American Basketball Association's Memphis Tams.

Oracle Park Baseball park in San Francisco, CA, US

Oracle Park is a baseball park located in the South Beach neighborhood of San Francisco, California. Since 2000, it has served as the home of the San Francisco Giants, the city's Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise. Originally named Pacific Bell Park, then SBC Park in 2003 after SBC Communications acquired Pacific Bell, the stadium was then christened AT&T Park in 2006, after SBC acquired AT&T and took on the name. The current name was adopted in 2019. The park stands along the San Francisco Bay, a segment of which is named McCovey Cove in honor of former Giants player Willie McCovey.

Vida Blue Major League Baseball left-handed pitcher

Vida Rochelle Blue Jr. is an American former Major League Baseball left-handed pitcher. During a 17-year career, he pitched for the Oakland Athletics (1969–77), San Francisco Giants, and Kansas City Royals (1982–83). He won the American League Cy Young Award and Most Valuable Player Award in 1971. He is a six-time All-Star, and is the first of only five pitchers in major league history to start the All-Star Game for both the American League (1971) and the National League (1978); Roger Clemens, Randy Johnson, Roy Halladay, and Max Scherzer later duplicated the feat.

Bay Bridge Series

The Bay Bridge Series, or the Battle of the Bay, is a series of baseball games played between—and the rivalry of—Major League Baseball's Oakland Athletics of the American League and San Francisco Giants of the National League. The series takes its name from the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge which links the cities of Oakland and San Francisco. As of 2018, the winner of the annual series retains a trophy fashioned from a piece of the original bridge.

Oakland Ballpark a proposed baseball stadium in Oakland, California

Oakland Ballpark is the working name for a proposed ballpark to be built in the Jack London Square neighborhood of Oakland, California. It is proposed as the new home of Major League Baseball's Oakland Athletics. It would serve as the replacement to their current home at the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum, where the team has resided since 1968. This would mark the first time that the Athletics franchise has played in a brand new stadium since the completion of Shibe Park in 1909.

Charlie-O the Mule was the mascot used by the Kansas City Athletics and Oakland A's from 1965 to 1976. The mule was named after Charles O. Finley, the team's owner at the time.

The 1972 Oakland Athletics season involved the A's winning the American League West with a record of 93 wins and 62 losses. In the playoffs, they defeated the Detroit Tigers in a five-game ALCS, followed by a seven-game World Series, in which they defeated the Cincinnati Reds for their first World Championship since 1930, when the club was in Philadelphia.

The 1968 Oakland Athletics season was the franchise's 68th season and its first in Oakland, California. The team finished sixth in the American League with a record of 82 wins and 80 losses, placing them 21 games behind the eventual World Series champion Detroit Tigers. The Athletics' paid attendance for the season was 837,466.

Lewis N. Wolff is an American real estate developer. Wolff has been co-chairman of the board of Sunstone Investors, Inc. since October 2004. Wolff is also recognized for owning sports franchises, serving currently as the co-owner of the San Jose Earthquakes of Major League Soccer. He was most well known for his ownership of the Oakland Athletics. However, in November 2016, Wolff sold his 10% share in the Oakland Athletics to John J. Fisher, and currently serves as the team's chairman emeritus. Wolff is credited with the redevelopment and revitalization of downtown San Jose, where he was the largest developer of offices, hotels, and parking for many years.

Sports in the San Francisco Bay Area

The San Francisco Bay Area, which includes the major cities of San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, hosts seven major league sports franchises, as well as several other professional and college sports teams, and hosts other sports events.

The 2008 Major League Baseball season began on March 25, 2008, in Tokyo, Japan with the 2007 World Series champion Boston Red Sox defeating the Oakland Athletics at the Tokyo Dome 6–5 in the first game of a two-game series, and ended on September 30 with the host Chicago White Sox defeating the Minnesota Twins in a one-game playoff to win the AL Central division. The Civil Rights Game, an exhibition, in Memphis, Tennessee, took place March 29 when the New York Mets beat the Chicago White Sox, 3–2.

1969 Major League Baseball season

The 1969 Major League Baseball season was celebrated as the 100th anniversary of professional baseball, honoring the first professional touring baseball team, the Cincinnati Red Stockings.

The 1967 Major League Baseball season was contested from April 10 to October 12, 1967. The St. Louis Cardinals defeated the Boston Red Sox four games to three in the World Series, which was the first World Series appearance for the Red Sox in 21 years. Following the season, the Kansas City Athletics relocated to Oakland.

The 2009 Major League Baseball season began on April 5, 2009, the regular season was extended two days for a one-game playoff between the Detroit Tigers and the Minnesota Twins to decide the American League Central Division champion. The postseason began the next day with the Division Series. The 2009 World Series began on October 28, and ended on November 4, with the New York Yankees defeating the Philadelphia Phillies in six games. This was the second time the season was completed in November. The only other occasion was the 2001 World Series, that because of the delaying of the end of that season because of the September 11 attacks as November baseball would be guaranteed when Game 4 was played on Sunday, November 1. Had the 2009 World Series gone the full seven games, Game 7 would've been played on November 5, the latest date ever scheduled for a World Series game. American League champion had home field advantage for the World Series by virtue of winning the All-Star Game on July 14 at Busch Stadium in St. Louis, Missouri, 4–3. In addition, the annual Civil Rights Game became a regular season game, and was played June 20 at Great American Ball Park in Cincinnati, Ohio, when the host Cincinnati Reds lost to the Chicago White Sox in an interleague game, 10–8. Both teams wore replicas of their 1965 uniforms in the contest.

The history of the Athletics Major League Baseball franchise spans the period from 1901 to the present day, having begun as a charter member franchise in the new American League in Philadelphia before moving to Kansas City in 1955 for 14 seasons and then to its current home on the San Francisco Bay in Oakland, California, in 1968.

Dave Kaval is the seventh and current President of the Oakland Athletics of Major League Baseball.

References

  1. "About Stomper". Athletics.com. MLB Advanced Media . Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  2. Clair, Michael (March 17, 2017). "Why do the A's wear green? You can thank Charlie Finley". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media . Retrieved January 6, 2018. Before Finley came on board, the then-Kansas City A's wore baseball's standard blue-and-red combination. In 1963, that all changed as Finley outfitted the team in glorious gold (Finley said it was the same shade the United States Naval Academy used) and kelly green for the very first time.
  3. "Oakland Athletics Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  4. Boxscore from Baseball-Reference.com "Wednesday, April 17, 1968, 7:46PM, Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum"
  5. "American Association (19th Century) - BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com. Retrieved January 15, 2018.
  6. "Logos and Mascots". MLB.com. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  7. "Mascots you don't see on sports sidelines". May 22, 2007.
  8. "Stomper's Place". Oakland Athletics.
  9. "Oakland A's to wear kelly green alternate jersey for Friday home games". MLB.com (Press release). MLB Advanced Media. January 26, 2018. Retrieved January 27, 2018.
  10. United Press International (January 30, 1979). "Yankees, Twins still dickering". St. Petersburg Times . Retrieved June 19, 2009.
  11. "Cashman Field | Las Vegas 51s Cashman Field". Web.minorleaguebaseball.com. Archived from the original on April 22, 2008. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  12. Leavitt, Parker (October 24, 2014). "Mesa's Hohokam Stadium ready for Oakland A's". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  13. "A's settle on a ballpark site and a futuristic stadium". The Mercury News. November 28, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  14. Dennis, Rob (December 30, 2011). "Fremont mayor Bob Wasserman dead at 77". The Argus (Fremont) . Retrieved January 21, 2012.
  15. "A's, Cisco reach ballpark deal". USA Today. November 9, 2006. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  16. "Full text of A's letter to Fremont". February 24, 2009.
  17. Associated Press (June 16, 2010). "Plans for A's stadium in San Jose moving forward". USA Today. San Jose, California. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
  18. "How the A's ballpark plans stack up". San Jose Mercury News . Bay Area News Group. August 24, 2010. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  19. Seipel, Tracy (September 8, 2010). "75 Silicon Valley leaders endorse A's move to San Jose". San Jose Mercury News. Bay Area News Group. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  20. Calcaterra, Craig (June 30, 2011). "In case you forgot, the Athletics are still in franchise limbo". HardballTalk. NBC Sports. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  21. Koehn, Josh (July 12, 2011). "Selig Talks About A's Move to San Jose". San Jose Inside. Sanjoseinside.com. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  22. Cotchett, Pitre & McCarthy, LLP (June 18, 2013), CITY OF SAN JOSE; CITY OF SAN JOSE AS SUCCESSOR AGENCY TO THE REDEVELOPMENT AGENCY OF THE CITY OF SAN JOSE; and THE SAN JOSE DIRIDON DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, Plaintiffs, v. OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF BASEBALL, an unincorporated association doing business as Major League Baseball; and ALLAN HUBER "BUD" SELIG, Defendants (PDF), U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, retrieved May 5, 2018CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  23. Associated Press (June 19, 2013). "San Jose sues MLB over A's vote". San Francisco, California: ESPN. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  24. Associated Press (January 15, 2015). "San Jose loses appeal over A's move". San Francisco, California: ESPN. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  25. Egelko, Bob (October 5, 2015). "U.S. Supreme Court rejects San Jose's bid to lure Oakland A's". SFGate. Hearst Communications, Inc. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  26. http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/A-s-want-to-build-new-ballpark-next-to-Laney-12193239.php
  27. "Proposed site for A's ballpark falls through". USA Today. AP. December 6, 2017.
  28. "Head-to-Head record for Oakland Athletics against the listed opponents from 1997 to 2018". baseball-reference.com.
  29. Goldberg, Ron (March 24, 2018). "Athletics Offer $20 Parking Discount to Giants Fans Who Yell 'Go A's' at Gates". Bleacher Report. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  30. https://www.mlb.com/news/athletics-giants-unveil-bay-bridge-trophy/c-269789752
  31. https://www.nbcbayarea.com/news/local/Bay-Bridge-Now-Open-to-Public-222062721.html
  32. https://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2018/09/08/old-bay-bridge-piers-demolish/
  33. https://www.nbcbayarea.com/news/local/As-Take-Bay-Bridge-Series-With-Another-Walkoff-Win-Over-the-Giants-488844751.html
  34. "2014 Promotional Schedule". Oakland Athletics.
  35. Burgoyne, Tom (2004). Movin' on Up: Baseball and Phialdephia Then, Now, and Always. B B& A Publishers. p. 128. ISBN   0-9754419-3-0.
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  37. https://www.athleticsnation.com/2018/9/5/17825586/game-141-as-induct-hall-of-fame-class-then-down-the-yankees-8-2
  38. For photos of the A's Wall of Fame plaques, see Philadelphia A's Society Museum and Library Archived December 29, 2005, at the Wayback Machine webpage. Philadelphia Athletics Historical Society. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  39. Philadelphia Athletics Historical Society Archived September 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine official website. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  40. Fitzpatrick, Frank (February 22, 2011). "Demographics may doom the Philadelphia Athletics Historical Society". philly.com. Philadelphia Media Network (The Philadelphia Inquirer ). Archived from the original on February 26, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
  41. For photos of the plaque, see Montella, Ernie (June 5, 2004). "Wall of Fame Day in Hatboro, Pennsylvania". Philadelphia Athletics Historical Society. Archived from the original on December 19, 2010. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  42. Jordan, David M. "Vet Plaques Come to Hatboro". Philadelphia Athletics Historical Society. Archived from the original on September 6, 2008. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  43. The Most Consistent Hitter In Baseball History -- Oakland’s Khris Davis can’t stop hitting .247., Michael Salfino and Neil Paine , FiveThirtyEight, 2018-07-20
  44. "Khris Davis". Baseball Reference.
  45. "Athletics Affiliates". Oakland Athletics. Major League Baseball. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
  46. "Oakland A's confirm split with radio flagship via Twitter". The Mercury News. October 13, 2018. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  47. "A's announce new radio partnerships for upcoming season". The Mercury News. February 15, 2019. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  48. "The New York Times Best Seller List - June 22, 2003" (PDF). Hawes Publications. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
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  50. "Oakland shines for 'Moneyball' premiere". San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved April 23, 2014.

Further reading

Awards and achievements
Preceded by

Pittsburgh Pirates (1909)
Boston Red Sox (1912)
New York Yankees (1928)
World Series champions
Philadelphia Athletics

1910 and 1911
1913
1929 and 1930
Succeeded by

Boston Red Sox (1912)
Boston Braves (1914)
St. Louis Cardinals (1931)
Preceded by

Pittsburgh Pirates (1971)
Los Angeles Dodgers (1988)
World Series champions
Oakland Athletics

1972, 1973, and 1974
1989
Succeeded by

Cincinnati Reds (1975)
Cincinnati Reds (1990)
Preceded by

Chicago White Sox (1901)
Boston Americans (1904)
Detroit Tigers (1909)
Boston Red Sox (1912)
New York Yankees (1928)
American League champions
Philadelphia Athletics

1902
1905
1910 and 1911
1913 and 1914
1929, 1930, and 1931
Succeeded by

Boston Americans (1903)
Chicago White Sox (1906)
Boston Red Sox (1912)
Boston Red Sox (1915)
New York Yankees (1932)
Preceded by

Baltimore Orioles (1971)
Minnesota Twins (1987)
American League champions
Oakland Athletics

1972, 1973, and 1974
1988, 1989, and 1990
Succeeded by

Boston Red Sox (1975)
Minnesota Twins (1991)