Peculiar, Missouri

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Peculiar, Missouri
Peculiar sign, Peculiar Missouri 7-2-2007.jpg
Sign directing travelers to Peculiar
Cass County Missouri Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Peculiar Highlighted.svg
Location of Peculiar, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°43′09″N94°27′31″W / 38.71917°N 94.45861°W / 38.71917; -94.45861 Coordinates: 38°43′09″N94°27′31″W / 38.71917°N 94.45861°W / 38.71917; -94.45861 [1]
Country United States
State Missouri
County Cass
Area
[2]
  Total9.11 sq mi (23.59 km2)
  Land9.06 sq mi (23.48 km2)
  Water0.04 sq mi (0.11 km2)
Elevation
[1]
991 ft (302 m)
Population
 (2010) [3]
  Total4,608
  Estimate 
(2019) [4]
5,478
  Density604.30/sq mi (233.32/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
64078
Area code(s) 816
FIPS code 29-56756 [5]
GNIS feature ID0724169 [1]

Peculiar is a city in Cass County, Missouri and is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area within the United States. [6] The population was 4,608 at the 2010 census. The town motto is "Where the 'odds' are with you."

Contents

History

Early settlers of the town came to Western Missouri by riverboat from Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. Peculiar also had families coming from Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia. [7] On July 29, 1868, the county surveyor, Robert Cass, platted Peculiar and was filed as "The Town of Peculiar". [7]

There are at least two versions of the story on how Peculiar received its name. The first involves the community's first postmaster, Edgar Thomson. His first choice for a town name, "Excelsior," was rejected because it already existed in Atchison County, Missouri. Several other choices were also rejected. The story goes that the annoyed Thomson wrote to the Postmaster General himself to complain saying, among other things, "We don't care what name you give us so long as it is sort of 'peculiar'." Thomson submitted the name "Peculiar" and the name was approved. The post office was established on June 22, 1868. [8]

In an alternate version, according to Missouri folklorist Margot Ford McMillen, early settlers were searching for a location to farm. As they cleared a small rise and looked below, one remarked "Well that's peculiar! It's the very place I saw in a vision back in Connecticut." The land was purchased and eventually a village sprang up on it, which was named "Peculiar". [9]

Peculiar incorporated as a village in the 1890s and became a fourth class city of the state of Missouri in 1953. [7]

The city celebrated its centenary in July 1968. The celebrations continued for nine days and included an antique show and sale, a Lions Club championship rodeo, and an open class Western horse show. [10]

Government

Peculiar is governed by a Mayor / Board Of Aldermen type system. The mayor is elected to a two-year term. The Board of Aldermen is composed of six members. Two members are elected from each of the three wards in the city. One alderman is elected each year for each ward to serve a two-year term. [11]

Geography

Peculiar is located adjacent to U.S. Route 71 and the Burlington Northern Railway. Old Peculiar lies one mile to the east along the banks of the East Fork East Branch South Grand River. [12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.45 square miles (21.89 km2), of which 8.41 square miles (21.78 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water. [13]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 104
1910 20597.1%
1920 28338.0%
1930 227−19.8%
1940 206−9.3%
1950 26729.6%
1960 45871.5%
1970 70553.9%
1980 1,571122.8%
1990 1,77713.1%
2000 2,60446.5%
2010 4,60877.0%
Est. 20195,478 [4] 18.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [14]

2010 census

As of the census [3] of 2010, there were 4,608 people, 1,704 households, and 1,268 families living in the city. The population density was 547.9 inhabitants per square mile (211.5/km2). There were 1,816 housing units at an average density of 215.9 per square mile (83.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.9% White, 2.0% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 1,704 households of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.6% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the city was 32.8 years. 29.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.9% were from 25 to 44; 22.9% were from 45 to 64; and 10% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census

As of the census [5] of 2000, there were 2,604 people, 953 households, and 730 families living in the city. The population density was 744.8 people per square mile (287.3/km2). There were 983 housing units at an average density of 281.2 per square mile (108.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.20% White, 0.27% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.46% of the population.

There were 953 households out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,769, and the median income for a family was $48,534. Males had a median income of $36,921 versus $27,885 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,104. About 5.7% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public education in Peculiar is administered by Raymore-Peculiar R-II School District. [15]

Peculiar has a public library, the Peculiar Branch library. [16]

Notable people

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References

  1. 1 2 3 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Peculiar, Missouri
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. https://www.marc.org/Data-Economy/Metrodataline/General-Information/Statistical-Areas
  7. 1 2 3 http://www.cityofpeculiar.com
  8. 'Indecision leads to Peculiar', by Stan Durnin, Linn's Stamp News, n.d.
  9. McMillen, Margot Ford (1994). Paris, Tightwad and Peculiar: Missouri Place Names. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press. p. 6. ISBN   0-8262-0972-6.
  10. Centennial booklet, 1968
  11. History of Peculiar. Retrieved 2010-03-27.
  12. Missouri Atlas & Gazetteer, DeLorme, 1st ed. 1998, p.34 ISBN   0899332242
  13. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  14. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. "Homepage". Raymore-Peculiar R-Ii School District. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  16. "Missouri Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2019.