Webster County, Missouri

Last updated
Webster County
Webster County Missouri Courthouse 2017.jpg
Webster County Courthouse in Marshfield
Map of Missouri highlighting Webster County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Missouri in United States.svg
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°17′N92°52′W / 37.28°N 92.87°W / 37.28; -92.87
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Missouri.svg  Missouri
FoundedMarch 3, 1854
Named for Daniel Webster
Seat Marshfield
Largest cityMarshfield
Area
  Total594 sq mi (1,540 km2)
  Land593 sq mi (1,540 km2)
  Water1.2 sq mi (3 km2)  0.2%
Population
 (2010)
  Total36,202
  Estimate 
(2019)
39,592
  Density67/sq mi (26/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 4th, 7th
Website www.webstercountymo.gov

Webster County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,202. [1] Its county seat is Marshfield. [2] The county was organized in 1855 and named for U.S. Senator and U.S. Secretary of State Daniel Webster. [3]

Contents

Webster County is part of the Springfield, MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Webster County was organized on March 3, 1855 and encompasses 590 miles of the highest extensive upland area of Missouri's Ozarks. The judicial seat is Marshfield, which lies 1,490 feet above sea level. Webster County is the highest county seat in the state of Missouri. Pioneer Legislator John F. McMahan named the county and county seat for Daniel Webster, and his Marshfield, Massachusetts home. [3]

Marshfield was laid out in 1856 by R.H. Pitts, on land that was given by C.F. Dryden and W.T. and B.F.T. Burford. Until a courthouse was built, the county business was conducted at Hazelwood where Joseph W. McClurg, later Governor of Missouri, operated a general store. Today's Carthage Marble courthouse was built in 1939-1941 and is the county's third. [3]

During the U.S. Civil War, a small force of pro-Southern troops was driven out of Marshfield in February 1862, and ten months later a body of Confederates was routed east of town. On January 9, 1863, General Joseph O. Shelby’s troops burned the stoutly built Union fortification at Marshfield and at Sand Springs, evacuated earlier. By 1862, the telegraph line passed near Marshfield on a route later called the “Old Wire Road.” [3]

A part of the 1808 Osage Native American land cession, the county was settled in the early 1830s by pioneers from Kentucky and Tennessee. A Native American trail crossed southern Webster County and many prehistoric mounds are in the area.

The railroad-building boom of the post Civil War period stimulated the county's growth as a dairy, poultry, and livestock producer. The Atlantic & Pacific (Frisco) Railroad was built through Marshfield in 1872, and by 1883 the Kansas City, Springfield, and Memphis (Frisco) crossed the county. Seymour, Rogersville, Fordland and Niangua grew up along the railroad routes.

Early schools in the county were Marshfield Academy, chartered in 1860; Mt. Dale Academy, opened in 1873; and Henderson Academy, chartered in 1879.

On April 18, 1880, an intense tornado measuring F4 on the Fujita scale struck Marshfield. Its damage path was 800 yards (730 m) wide and 64 miles (103 km) long. The tornado killed 99 people and injured 100, and it is said that 10% of Marshfield's residents were killed and all but 15 of its buildings were destroyed. The composition “Marshfield Cyclone” by the African-American musician John W. (Blind) Boone gave wide publicity to the cyclone, which is still listed as one of the top ten natural disasters in the history of the nation.

Astronomer Edwin P. Hubble (1889–1953) was born in Marshfield and attended through the third grade in the public school system. A replica of the Hubble telescope sits in the courthouse yard and the Marshfield stretch of I-44 was named in his honor.

Marshfield holds claim to the oldest Independence Day parade west of the Mississippi River. Former President George Herbert Walker Bush and wife Barbara visited the parade on July 4, 1991, while campaigning for the presidency through Missouri. Webster County also boasts the longest continuous county fair in the state of Missouri.

The annual Seymour Apple Festival, established in 1973, has grown to one of Missouri's largest free celebrations, with estimated crowds of more than 30,000 congregating on the Seymour public square each second weekend of September. The festival pays tribute to Seymour's apple industry, which began in the 1840s, with Seymour being called "The Land Of The Big Red Apple" around the turn of the 20th century, when Webster County produced more than 50 percent of the state's apple crop.

Geography

Webster County straddles the drainage divide between the Missouri and Arkansas rivers and the headwaters of the James, Niangua, Gasconade, and Pomme de Terre rivers arise in Webster County.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 594 square miles (1,540 km2), of which 593 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.2%) is water. [4]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 7,099
1870 10,43447.0%
1880 12,17516.7%
1890 15,17724.7%
1900 16,6409.6%
1910 17,3774.4%
1920 16,609−4.4%
1930 16,148−2.8%
1940 17,2266.7%
1950 15,072−12.5%
1960 13,753−8.8%
1970 15,56213.2%
1980 20,41431.2%
1990 23,75316.4%
2000 31,04530.7%
2010 36,20216.6%
2019 (est.)39,592 [5] 9.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2015 [1] 2019 [10]

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 31,045 people, 11,073 households, and 8,437 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km2). There were 12,052 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.20% White, 1.16% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Approximately 1.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,073 households, out of which 37.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.00% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.80% were non-families. 20.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,948, and the median income for a family was $46,941. Males had a median income of $28,168 versus $20,768 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,948. About 9.60% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.00% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Local

Webster County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Austin GraybillRepublican
Circuit Clerk Jill PeckRepublican
County Clerk Stanley D. WhitehurstRepublican
Collector Kevin FarrRepublican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Paul IpockRepublican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Dale FrakerRepublican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Randy OwensRepublican
Coroner Michael TaylorRepublican
Prosecuting Attorney Ben BerkstresserRepublican
Public AdministratorDanielle BoggsRepublican
Recorder Gary Don LettermanRepublican
Sheriff Roye ColeRepublican
Surveyor Dennis D. AmsingerRepublican
Treasurer Todd HungerfordRepublican

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Webster County. Republicans hold all of the elected positions in the county.

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 66.52%11,45030.07% 5,0393.41% 572
2012 54.56%8,40642.65% 6,5702.79% 430
2008 46.31% 7,52151.14%8,3062.55% 414
2004 67.61%10,08631.18% 4,6511.21% 181
2000 56.66%6,72141.35% 4,9042.99% 236
1996 54.63%5,51241.43% 4,1803.94% 397

Webster County is split between Missouri's 137th and 141st Districts in the Missouri House of Representatives.

All of Webster County is part of Missouri's 33rd District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Mike Cunningham (R-Rogersville).

Federal

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Webster County (2016) [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Republican Roy Blunt11,45068.16%+17.58
Democratic Jason Kander4,61227.45%-14.13
Libertarian Jonathan Dine3972.36%-5.48
Green Johnathan McFarland1500.89%+0.89
Constitution Fred Ryman1901.13%+1.13
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Webster County (2012) [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Republican Todd Akin7,73950.58%
Democratic Claire McCaskill6,36341.58%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine1,2007.84%

Most of Webster County is included in Missouri's 4th Congressional District, which is currently represented by Vicky Hartzler (R-Harrisonville) in the U.S. House of Representatives. The southwestern party of the county is included in the 7th Congressional District, which is represented by Billy Long (R-Springfield).

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 4th Congressional District — Webster County (2016) [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Republican Vicky Hartzler9,82178.39%+4.27
Democratic Gordon Christensen2,26718.09%-0.29
Libertarian Mark Bliss4413.52-3.98
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 4th Congressional District — Webster County (2014) [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Republican Vicky Hartzler5,30774.12%+1.98
Democratic Nate Irvin1,31618.38%-6.18
Libertarian Herschel L. Young5377.50%+5.08
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 4th Congressional District — Webster County (2012) [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Republican Vicky Hartzler8,35072.14%
Democratic Teresa Hensley2,84324.56%
Libertarian Thomas Holbrook2802.42%
Constitution Greg Cowan1020.88%
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Webster County (2016) [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Republican Billy Long2,77870.78%+8.95
Democratic Genevieve (Gen) Williams92123.46%-4.55
Libertarian Benjamin T. Brixey2265.76%-4.40
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Webster County (2014) [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Republican Billy Long1,15061.83%-2.20
Democratic Jim Evans52128.01%-1.56
Libertarian Kevin Craig18910.16%+3.76
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Webster County (2012) [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Republican Billy Long2,28264.03%
Democratic Jim Evans1,05429.57%
Libertarian Kevin Craig2286.40%

Political culture

Presidential election results
Presidential election results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 76.7%12,84019.0% 3,1774.3% 726
2012 69.1%10,70828.5% 4,4092.5% 379
2008 63.8%10,43134.8% 5,6851.5% 240
2004 68.2%10,19431.2% 4,6570.6% 93
2000 61.9%7,35035.1% 4,1743.0% 356
1996 48.8%4,95838.0% 3,85513.2% 1,339
1992 41.0%4,36139.0% 4,14920.0% 2,130
1988 56.7%5,12343.1% 3,8900.2% 22
1984 65.0%5,52935.0% 2,982
1980 58.7%5,12139.1% 3,4092.2% 189
1976 48.0% 3,51051.4%3,7590.6% 46
1972 68.5%5,09531.5% 2,343
1968 56.9%4,11835.2% 2,5477.9% 572
1964 46.6% 3,34153.4%3,824
1960 63.0%4,60337.0% 2,707
1956 55.7%3,94044.3% 3,132
1952 61.7%4,70138.0% 2,8940.3% 20
1948 52.0%3,58147.8% 3,2920.3% 17
1944 60.5%4,28139.3% 2,7850.2% 15
1940 57.7%4,81842.1% 3,5180.2% 16
1936 55.2%4,46944.6% 3,6120.3% 21
1932 41.9% 3,08357.2%4,2110.9% 63
1928 63.0%4,00236.9% 2,3430.1% 8
1924 51.1%3,16844.1% 2,7304.8% 299
1920 61.5%4,00037.3% 2,4281.2% 81
1916 51.4%2,11446.2% 1,9032.4% 100
1912 35.4% 1,38742.1%1,64922.5% 879
1908 49.5%1,90145.8% 1,7614.7% 180
1904 52.9%1,85442.1% 1,4745.0% 176
1900 48.4%1,72147.8% 1,7023.8% 135
1896 45.4% 1,66654.1%1,9850.5% 17
1892 45.4%1,38941.6% 1,27313.0% 399
1888 48.0%1,44142.8% 1,2869.2% 276

Like most counties situated in Southwest Missouri, Webster County is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. George W. Bush carried Webster County in 2000 and 2004 by around two-to-one margins, and like many other rural counties throughout Missouri, Webster County strongly favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008. The last Democratic presidential nominee to carry Webster County was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Like most areas throughout the Bible Belt in Southwest Missouri, voters in Webster County traditionally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to strongly influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Webster County with 82.32 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Webster County with 57.94 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Webster County's longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Webster County with 75.50 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Missouri presidential preference primary

Webster County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 1,343 (26.59%)
Mike Huckabee 2,576 (51.00%)
Mitt Romney 897 (17.76%)
Ron Paul 168 (3.33%)
Webster County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 2,218 (61.20%)
Barack Obama 1,249 (34.46%)
John Edwards (withdrawn)119 (3.28%)

In the open Presidential Primary of 2016, there were: 1,793 votes for Democrats; 6,878 votes for Republicans; 11 Libertarian votes, and 2 votes for candidates of the Constitution Party. Among a field of Democrats, Bernie Sanders out-paced Hillary Clinton (53% vs. 45%) and others. Among Republicans, Texas Senator Ted Cruz gained more votes (53%) than future President Donald J. Trump and the other contenders.

In 2012, Rick Santorum received 1,343 votes, more than any other candidate and approximately 63% of Republican votes cast.

Former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) received more votes, a total of 2,576, than any candidate from either party in Webster County during the 2008 presidential primary.

Education

Public schools

Private schools

Public libraries

Communities

Cities

Village

Unincorporated communities

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Webster County". www.webstercountymo.gov. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
  8. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
  10. "QuickFacts. Webster County, Missouri". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  11. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. 1 2 3 "Official Results" (PDF). Webster County Clerk. November 8, 2016. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  13. 1 2 3 "General Election, Official Results" (PDF). Webster County Clerk. November 6, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  14. 1 2 "Official Results" (PDF). Webster County Clerk. November 4, 2014. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  15. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
  16. Breeding, Marshall. "Seymour Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.

Further reading

Coordinates: 37°17′N92°52′W / 37.28°N 92.87°W / 37.28; -92.87