Tax collector

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A tax collector at work - from an illustration by Henry Holiday in Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark (1876). Snarkfit5-incometax.svg
A tax collector at work – from an illustration by Henry Holiday in Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark (1876).

A tax collector or a taxman is a person who collects unpaid taxes from other people or corporations. The term could also be applied to those who audit tax returns. Tax collectors are often portrayed in fiction as being evil, and in the modern world share a similar stereotype to that of lawyers.[ citation needed ]

Contents

History

Tax collectors in the Bible

Tax collectors, also known as publicans, are mentioned many times in the Bible (mainly in the New Testament). They were reviled by the Jews of Jesus' day because of their perceived greed and collaboration with the Roman occupiers. Tax collectors amassed personal wealth by demanding tax payments in excess of what Rome levied and keeping the difference. [1] They worked for tax farmers. In the Gospel of Luke, Jesus sympathizes with the tax collector Zacchaeus, causing outrage from the crowds that Jesus would rather be the guest of a sinner than of a more respectable or "righteous" person. Matthew the Apostle in the New Testament was a tax collector. [2]

Other historical tax collectors

Modern tax collection agencies

National tax collection agencies include. inter alia, the Canada Revenue Agency, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States, HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) in the UK (merged from Inland Revenue and Her Majesty's Customs and Excise), Tax Administration Service (Spanish: Servicio de Administración Tributaria, SAT) in Mexico, the Australian Taxation Office, the Federal Public Finance Department (French : SPF Finances) in Belgium or the Direction Générale des Finances Publiques (DGFiP) in France.

See also

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References

  1. Friedrichsen, Timothy A. (Spring 2005). "The Temple, a Pharisee, a Tax Collector, and the Kingdom of God: Rereading a Jesus Parable (Luke 18:10-14A)". Journal of Biblical Literature. 124 (1): 89–119. doi:10.2307/30040992. JSTOR   30040992.
  2. Saint Peter (Chrysologus, Archbishop of Ravenna) (1987). Sermons 28-62 bis. Fundació Bernat Metge. pp. 19–. ISBN   978-84-7225-384-1 . Retrieved 7 April 2013.

Further reading