List of counties in Missouri

Last updated

Independent city and Counties of Missouri
Location State of Missouri
Number114 counties
1 independent city
Populations(Counties only): 2,171 (Worth) – 1,000,438 (St. Louis)
Areas(Counties only): 266 square miles (690 km2) (Worth) – 1,179 square miles (3,050 km2) (Texas)
Government County government
Subdivisionscities, towns, unincorporated communities, census designated place

There are 114 counties and one independent city in the U.S. state of Missouri. Following the Louisiana Purchase and the admittance of Louisiana into the United States in 1812, five counties were formed out of the Missouri Territory at the first general assembly: Cape Girardeau, New Madrid, Saint Charles, Saint Louis, and Ste. Genevieve. Most subsequent counties were apportioned from these five original counties. Six more counties were added through the 1836 Platte Purchase, the acquired lands of which formed the northwest tip of the state and consisted of Andrew, Atchison, Buchanan, Holt, Nodaway, and Platte counties. [1]

Contents

In Missouri, the county level of government comes between those of the city and the state. Its primary responsibilities include maintaining roads, providing security, prosecuting criminals, and collecting taxes. Elected officials at this level include a sheriff, prosecuting attorney, and assessor. [2]

Most of the counties in Missouri are named after politicians. One such county, Cass, was originally named Van Buren County after President Martin Van Buren, and was changed to its present name in support of Van Buren's Democratic opponent Lewis Cass during the presidential election of 1848. Other counties are named after war heroes, natural resources, explorers, and former U.S. territories. [3]

The city of St. Louis is an independent city, and is not within the limits of a county. Its residents voted to secede from St. Louis County in 1876. Throughout the United States, St. Louis is one of three independent cities outside the state of Virginia (the other two are Baltimore, Maryland and Carson City, Nevada). [4]

Population figures are based on the 2010 United States Census. According to that census, the population of Missouri is 5,988,927, an increase of 7.0% from 2000. The average population of Missouri's counties is 52,078; St. Louis County is the most populous (998,954), and Worth County is the least (2,171). The average land area is 599 sq mi (1,550 km2). The largest county is Texas County (1,179 sq mi, 3,054 km2) and the smallest is St. Louis city (61.9 sq mi, 160 km2). [5] [6]

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) is used by the U.S. government to uniquely identify counties, and is provided for each entry. These codes link to the United States Census Bureau's "quick facts" for each county. To distinguish from counties in other states, one must use Missouri's FIPS code, 29. For example, Adair County's unique nationwide identifier is 29001. [7]

Counties

County
FIPS code [7] County seat [8] Est. [8] Formed from [3] Etymology [3] [9] [10] Population [6] Area [8] Map
AdairCounty 001 Kirksville 1841Macon County John Adair (1757–1840), pioneer, soldier, and seventh Governor of Kentucky 25,607568 sq mi
(1,471 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Adair County.svg
AndrewCounty 003 Savannah 1841Part of the Platte Purchase Andrew Jackson Davis (1826–1910), spiritualist and missionary who settled in St. Louis 17,291435 sq mi
(1,127 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Andrew County.svg
AtchisonCounty 005 Rock Port 1843Holt County, part of the Platte Purchase U.S. Senator David Rice Atchison (1807–1886), a Democrat from Missouri5,685545 sq mi
(1,412 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Atchison County.svg
AudrainCounty 007 Mexico 1831Callaway, Monroe and Ralls countiesJames H. Audrain, a War of 1812 colonel Missouri State Legislator25,529693 sq mi
(1,795 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Audrain County.svg
BarryCounty 009 Cassville 1835Greene County William Taylor Barry (1784–1835), jurist and United States Postmaster General 35,597779 sq mi
(2,018 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Barry County.svg
BartonCounty 011 Lamar 1855Jasper County U.S. Senator David Barton (1783–1837), one of the first senators from Missouri12,402594 sq mi
(1,538 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Barton County.svg
BatesCounty 013 Butler 1841Van Buren (now Cass) County Frederick Bates (1777–1825), the second governor of Missouri 17,049848 sq mi
(2,196 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Bates County.svg
BentonCounty 015 Warsaw 1835Pettis and Greene counties Thomas Hart Benton (1782–1858), U.S. Senator from Missouri19,056706 sq mi
(1,829 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Benton County.svg
BollingerCounty 017 Marble Hill 1851Cape Girardeau, Madison, Stoddard and Wayne counties George Frederick Bollinger (1770–1842), early settler of Missouri12,363621 sq mi
(1,608 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Bollinger County.svg
BooneCounty 019 Columbia 1820Howard County Daniel Boone (1734–1820), American pioneer and hunter 162,642685 sq mi
(1,774 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Boone County.svg
BuchananCounty 021 Saint Joseph 1838Part of the Platte Purchase James Buchanan (1791–1868), 15th President of the United States89,201410 sq mi
(1,062 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Buchanan County.svg
ButlerCounty 023 Poplar Bluff 1849Wayne County William O. Butler (1791–1880), U.S. Representative from Kentucky and vice-presidential nominee under Lewis Cass 42,794698 sq mi
(1,808 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Butler County.svg
CaldwellCounty 025 Kingston 1836Ray CountyDisputed; either John Caldwell, an Indian scout and friend of respected Colonel Alexander William Doniphan; John Caldwell, Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky; or Mathew Caldwell, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence 9,424429 sq mi
(1,111 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Caldwell County.svg
CallawayCounty 027 Fulton 1821Boone, Howard and Montgomery counties James Callaway (1783–1815), soldier during the War of 1812 and grandson of Daniel Boone 44,332839 sq mi
(2,173 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Callaway County.svg
CamdenCounty 029 Camdenton 1841Benton, Morgan and Pulaski counties Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden (1714–1794), an English lawyer, judge, Whig politician, and proponent of civil liberties44,002655 sq mi
(1,696 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Camden County.svg
Cape GirardeauCounty 031 Jackson 1812One of the five original countiesSieur de Girardot, a French officer and early explorer of the region75,674579 sq mi
(1,500 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Cape Girardeau County.svg
CarrollCounty 033 Carrollton 1833Ray County Charles Carroll (1737–1832), delegate to the Continental Congress and U.S. Senator for Maryland 9,295695 sq mi
(1,800 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Carroll County.svg
CarterCounty 035 Van Buren 1859Oregon, Reynolds, Ripley and Shannon countiesZimri Carter, pioneering settler6,265508 sq mi
(1,316 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Carter County.svg
CassCounty 037 Harrisonville 1833Jackson County Lewis Cass (1782–1866), senator from Michigan 99,478699 sq mi
(1,810 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Cass County.svg
CedarCounty 039 Stockton 1845Dade and St. Clair countiesNamed for the abundance of Eastern Red Cedar trees13,982476 sq mi
(1,233 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Cedar County.svg
CharitonCounty 041 Keytesville 1821Howard County Chariton River, a tributary of the Missouri River, whose naming origin is disputed7,831756 sq mi
(1,958 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Chariton County.svg
ChristianCounty 043 Ozark 1859Greene, Taney and Webster counties William Christian (1743–1786), colonel in the American Revolution 77,422563 sq mi
(1,458 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Christian County.svg
ClarkCounty 045 Kahoka 1836Lewis County William Clark (1770–1838), American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor7,139507 sq mi
(1,313 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Clark County.svg
ClayCounty 047 Liberty 1822Ray County Henry Clay (1777–1852), American Senator and orator from Kentucky 221,939396 sq mi
(1,026 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Clay County.svg
ClintonCounty 049 Plattsburg 1833Clay County George Clinton (1739–1812), soldier and Governor of New York, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States 20,743419 sq mi
(1,085 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Clinton County.svg
ColeCounty 051 Jefferson City 1820Cooper CountyStephen Cole, pioneering settler75,990392 sq mi
(1,015 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Cole County.svg
CooperCounty 053 Boonville 1818Howard CountySarshel Benjamin Cooper, pioneering settler17,601565 sq mi
(1,463 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Cooper County.svg
CrawfordCounty 055 Steelville 1829Gasconade County William H. Crawford (1772–1834), U.S. Senator from Georgia, U.S. Secretary of Treasury, and judge24,696743 sq mi
(1,924 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Crawford County.svg
DadeCounty 057 Greenfield 1841Barry and Polk countiesMajor Francis L. Dade (1793?–1835), Major in the U.S. 4th Infantry Regiment, United States Army, during the Second Seminole War 7,883490 sq mi
(1,269 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Dade County.svg
DallasCounty 059 Buffalo 1841Polk County George M. Dallas (1792–1864), U.S. Vice President under James K. Polk 16,777542 sq mi
(1,404 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Dallas County.svg
DaviessCounty 061 Gallatin 1836Ray County Joseph Hamilton Daveiss (1774–1811), commanded the Dragoons of the Indiana Militia at the Battle of Tippecanoe 8,433567 sq mi
(1,469 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Daviess County.svg
DeKalbCounty 063 Maysville 1843Clinton County Johann de Kalb (1721–1780), a German soldier who served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War 12,892424 sq mi
(1,098 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting DeKalb County.svg
DentCounty 065 Salem 1851Crawford and Shannon countiesJames Dent, pioneering settler15,657754 sq mi
(1,953 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Dent County.svg
DouglasCounty 067 Ava 1857Ozark County Stephen A. Douglas (1813–1861), American Senator from Illinois, and the Democratic nominee for President in 1860 13,684815 sq mi
(2,111 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Douglas County.svg
DunklinCounty 069 Kennett 1843Stoddard County Daniel Dunklin (1790–1844), fifth governor of Missouri 31,953546 sq mi
(1,414 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Dunklin County.svg
FranklinCounty 071 Union 1818St. Louis County Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), writer, publisher, orator, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States 101,492922 sq mi
(2,388 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Franklin County.svg
GasconadeCounty 073 Hermann 1821Franklin County Gasconade River, a tributary of the Missouri River; the river probably derives its name from the French word "gascon" which means braggart, and could be an old satirical name describing those who boast about their adventures upon return to St. Louis15,222520 sq mi
(1,347 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Gasconade County.svg
GentryCounty 075 Albany 1841Clinton County Richard Gentry (1788–1837), a distinguished American military colonel in the Seminole Wars6,738492 sq mi
(1,274 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Gentry County.svg
GreeneCounty 077 Springfield 1833Crawford and Wayne counties Nathanael Greene (1742–1786), a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War 275,174675 sq mi
(1,748 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Greene County.svg
GrundyCounty 079 Trenton 1839Livingston County Felix Grundy (1777–1840), U.S. Congressman and U.S. Senator from Tennessee who also served as the 13th Attorney General of the United States 10,261436 sq mi
(1,129 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Grundy County.svg
HarrisonCounty 081 Bethany 1843Daviess County Albert G. Harrison (1800–1839), U.S. Representative from Missouri 8,957725 sq mi
(1,878 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Harrison County.svg
HenryCounty 083 Clinton 1834Lillard (now Lafayette) County Patrick Henry (1736–1799), first post-colonial Governor of Virginia and prominent figure in the American Revolution 22,272702 sq mi
(1,818 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Henry County.svg
HickoryCounty 085 Hermitage 1845Benton and Polk counties Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), seventh U.S. President, who was nicknamed "Old Hickory" during his military service9,627399 sq mi
(1,033 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Hickory County.svg
HoltCounty 087 Oregon 1841Part of the Platte Purchase David Rice Holt, Missouri State Representative4,912462 sq mi
(1,197 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Holt County.svg
HowardCounty 089 Fayette 1816St. Charles and St. Louis counties Benjamin Howard (1760–1814), a Congressman from Kentucky, governor of Missouri Territory and a brigadier general in the War of 1812 10,144466 sq mi
(1,207 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Howard County.svg
HowellCounty 091 West Plains 1857Oregon CountyDisputed – Josiah Howell, pioneering settler40,400928 sq mi
(2,404 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Howell County.svg
IronCounty 093 Ironton 1857Madison, Reynolds, St. Francois, Washington and Wayne countiesThe abundance of iron ore in the area10,630551 sq mi
(1,427 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Iron County.svg
JacksonCounty 095 Independence 1826Lillard (now Lafayette) County Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), U.S. Senator from Tennessee and later President of the United States674,158605 sq mi
(1,567 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Jackson County.svg
JasperCounty 097 Carthage 1841Barry County William Jasper (c. 1750–1779), a noted American soldier in the Revolutionary War 117,404640 sq mi
(1,658 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Jasper County.svg
JeffersonCounty 099 Hillsboro 1818St. Louis and Sainte Genevieve counties Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), third President of the United States, principal author of the Declaration of Independence, and one of the most influential Founding Fathers 218,733657 sq mi
(1,702 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Jefferson County.svg
JohnsonCounty 101 Warrensburg 1834Lillard (now Lafayette) County Richard M. Johnson (1780–1850), ninth Vice President of the United States, serving in the administration of Martin Van Buren 52,595831 sq mi
(2,152 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Johnson County.svg
KnoxCounty 103 Edina 1843Scotland County Henry Knox (1750–1806) an American bookseller from Boston who became the chief artillery officer of the Continental Army and later the nation's first Secretary of War 4,131506 sq mi
(1,311 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Knox County.svg
LacledeCounty 105 Lebanon 1849Camden, Pulaski and Wright counties Pierre Laclede (1729–1778), founder of St. Louis, Missouri 35,571766 sq mi
(1,984 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Laclede County.svg
LafayetteCounty 107 Lexington 1821Cooper CountyGilbert du Motier, the Marquis de Lafayette (1757–1834), French military officer and general in the American Revolutionary War 33,381629 sq mi
(1,629 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Lafayette County.svg
LawrenceCounty 109 Mount Vernon 1843Barry and Dade counties James Lawrence (1781–1813), an American naval officer best known for his last words "Don't give up the ship!"38,634613 sq mi
(1,588 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Lawrence County.svg
LewisCounty 111 Monticello 1833Marion County Meriwether Lewis (1774–1809), explorer and governor of the Louisiana Territory 10,211505 sq mi
(1,308 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Lewis County.svg
LincolnCounty 113 Troy 1818St. Charles CountyDisputed; either Lincoln County, Kentucky (birthplace of Christopher Clark, a Missouri legislator who advocated for the county's creation), [11] or for Benjamin Lincoln (1733–1810), an American revolutionary war general52,566630 sq mi
(1,632 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Lincoln County.svg
LinnCounty 115 Linneus 1837Chariton County Lewis F. Linn (1796–1843), a Jacksonian Democratic U.S. Senator for Missouri 12,761620 sq mi
(1,606 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Linn County.svg
LivingstonCounty 117 Chillicothe 1837Carroll County Edward Livingston (1764–1836), a prominent American jurist and statesman, influential in the drafting of the Louisiana Civil Code of 1825, a civil code based largely on the Napoleonic Code 15,195535 sq mi
(1,386 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Livingston County.svg
MaconCounty 121 Macon 1837Chariton and Randolph counties Nathaniel Macon (1758–1837), member of the United States House of Representatives from 1791 to 1815 who briefly served in the American Revolutionary War 15,566804 sq mi
(2,082 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Macon County.svg
MadisonCounty 123 Fredericktown 1818Cape Girardeau and Sainte Genevieve counties James Madison (1751–1836), politician and political philosopher who served as the fourth President of the United States, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States 12,226497 sq mi
(1,287 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Madison County.svg
MariesCounty 125 Vienna 1855Osage and Pulaski countiesMaries River, possibly a corruption of the French word marais meaning "marsh" or "swamp"9,176528 sq mi
(1,368 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Maries County.svg
MarionCounty 127 Palmyra 1826Ralls County Francis Marion (1732–1795), a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War 28,781438 sq mi
(1,134 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Marion County.svg
McDonaldCounty 119 Pineville 1847Newton CountyAlexander McDonald, American Revolutionary War sergeant23,083540 sq mi
(1,399 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting McDonald County.svg
MercerCounty 129 Princeton 1845Grundy County John F. Mercer (1759–1821), an American lawyer, planter, and Governor of Maryland 3,785454 sq mi
(1,176 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Mercer County.svg
MillerCounty 131 Tuscumbia 1837Cole and Pulaski counties John Miller (1781–1846), an American publisher and politician from St. Louis, Missouri. He was the fourth Governor of Missouri and represented Missouri in the U.S. House 24,748592 sq mi
(1,533 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Miller County.svg
MississippiCounty 133 Charleston 1842Scott County Mississippi River, the second-longest river in the United States which forms Missouri's eastern border14,358413 sq mi
(1,070 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Mississippi County.svg
MoniteauCounty 135 California 1845Cole and Morgan countiesMoniteau Creek; "moniteau" is a French spelling of manitou, the Algonquian Great Spirit 15,607417 sq mi
(1,080 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Moniteau County.svg
MonroeCounty 137 Paris 1831Ralls County James Monroe (1758–1831), fifth President of the United States who crafted the Missouri Compromise 8,840646 sq mi
(1,673 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Monroe County.svg
MontgomeryCounty 139 Montgomery City 1818St. Charles County Richard Montgomery (1738–1775), an Irish-born soldier who first served in the British Army and later became a brigadier-general in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War 12,236539 sq mi
(1,396 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Montgomery County.svg
MorganCounty 141 Versailles 1833Cooper County Daniel Morgan (c. 1736–1802), American pioneer, soldier, and United States Representative from Virginia 20,565598 sq mi
(1,549 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Morgan County.svg
New MadridCounty 143 New Madrid 1812One of the five original counties Madrid, Spain18,956678 sq mi
(1,756 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting New Madrid County.svg
NewtonCounty 145 Neosho 1838Barry County John Newton (1755–1780), legendary soldier of the American Revolution 58,114626 sq mi
(1,621 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Newton County.svg
NodawayCounty 147 Maryville 1843Andrew County, the Platte Purchase Nodaway River, a 120-mile (190 km) long river in southwest Iowa and northwest Missouri23,370877 sq mi
(2,271 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Nodaway County.svg
OregonCounty 149 Alton 1841Ripley County Oregon Territory 10,881792 sq mi
(2,051 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Oregon County.svg
OsageCounty 151 Linn 1841Gasconade County Osage River, a 360 miles (580 km) long tributary of the Missouri River in central Missouri; the name of the river is probably derived from a French corruption of "Washazhe" – the name of the Osage Native Americans13,878606 sq mi
(1,570 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Osage County.svg
OzarkCounty 153 Gainesville 1841Taney County Ozark Mountains – Ozark is the anglicized form of the French "aux arcs", an abbreviation of "Aux Arkansas", which means in the county of Arkansas9,723747 sq mi
(1,935 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Ozark County.svg
PemiscotCounty 155 Caruthersville 1851New Madrid CountyAn American Indian word meaning "liquid mud"18,296493 sq mi
(1,277 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Pemiscot County.svg
PerryCounty 157 Perryville 1821Sainte Genevieve County Oliver Hazard Perry (1785–1819), naval officer in the War of 1812 against Britain, earned the title "Hero of Lake Erie" for leading American forces in a decisive naval victory at the Battle of Lake Erie 18,971475 sq mi
(1,230 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Perry County.svg
PettisCounty 159 Sedalia 1833Cooper and Saline counties Spencer Darwin Pettis (1802–1831), U.S. Representative from Missouri 42,201685 sq mi
(1,774 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Pettis County.svg
PhelpsCounty 161 Rolla 1857Crawford County John S. Phelps (1814–1886), a politician, soldier during the American Civil War, and twenty-third Governor of Missouri 45,156673 sq mi
(1,743 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Phelps County.svg
PikeCounty 163 Bowling Green 1818St. Charles County Zebulon Pike (1778–1813), American soldier and explorer for whom Pikes Peak in Colorado is also named18,516673 sq mi
(1,743 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Pike County.svg
PlatteCounty 165 Platte City 1838Part of the Platte Purchase Platte River, a tributary of the Missouri River, which is in turn named for the French word "platte" meaning flat or shallow89,322420 sq mi
(1,088 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Platte County.svg
PolkCounty 167 Bolivar 1835Greene County James K. Polk (1795–1849), 11th President of the United States31,137637 sq mi
(1,650 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Polk County.svg
PulaskiCounty 169 Waynesville 1833Crawford County Kazimierz Pulaski (1745–1779), Polish soldier of fortune in the American Revolutionary War, he saved the life of George Washington and became a general in the Continental Army 52,274547 sq mi
(1,417 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Pulaski County.svg
PutnamCounty 171 Unionville 1843Adair and Sullivan counties Israel Putnam (1718–1790), an American army general who fought with distinction at the Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolutionary War 4,979518 sq mi
(1,342 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Putnam County.svg
RallsCounty 173 New London 1821Pike CountyDaniel Ralls, a Missouri State Representative10,167471 sq mi
(1,220 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Ralls County.svg
RandolphCounty 175 Huntsville 1829Chariton and Ralls counties John Randolph of Roanoke (1773–1833), a leader in Congress from Virginia and spokesman for the "Old Republican"25,414482 sq mi
(1,248 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Randolph County.svg
RayCounty 177 Richmond 1820Howard CountyJohn Ray, Missouri State Representative23,494570 sq mi
(1,476 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Ray County.svg
ReynoldsCounty 179 Centerville 1845Shannon County Thomas Reynolds (1796–1844), governor of Missouri from 1840 to 18446,696811 sq mi
(2,100 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Reynolds County.svg
RipleyCounty 181 Doniphan 1831Wayne County Eleazer Wheelock Ripley (1782–1839), Brigadier General in the War of 1812 14,100630 sq mi
(1,632 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Ripley County.svg
Saint CharlesCounty 183 Saint Charles 1812One of the five original counties St. Charles Borromeo (1538–1584), an Italian saint and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church 360,485561 sq mi
(1,453 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Saint Charles County.svg
Saint ClairCounty 185 Osceola 1841Rives (now Henry) County Arthur St. Clair (1737–1818), an American soldier and Governor of the Northwest Territory9,805677 sq mi
(1,753 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Saint Clair County.svg
Saint FrancoisCounty 187 Farmington 1821Jefferson, Ste. Genevieve and Washington counties St. Francis of Assisi (c. 1182–1226), a Catholic deacon and the founder of the Order of Friars Minor, more commonly known as the Franciscans 65,359450 sq mi
(1,165 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Saint Francois County.svg
Saint LouisCounty 189 Clayton 1812One of the five original counties King Louis IX (1214–1270), King of France from 1226 until his death1,000,438508 sq mi
(1,316 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Saint Louis County.svg
Saint Louis City 510 St. Louis 1876Created in 1876 when city residents voted to secede from St. Louis County King Louis IX (1214–1270), King of France from 1226 until his death319,29461.9 sq mi
(160 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Saint Louis City.svg
Ste. GenevieveCounty 186 Ste. Genevieve 1812One of the five original counties St. Genevieve (c. 420 – c. 510), the patron saint of Paris in Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox tradition18,145502 sq mi
(1,300 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Ste. Genevieve County.svg
SalineCounty 195 Marshall 1820Cooper CountyLocal hot springs 23,370756 sq mi
(1,958 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Saline County.svg
SchuylerCounty 197 Lancaster 1843Adair County Philip Schuyler (1733–1804), a general in the American Revolution and a United States Senator from New York4,431308 sq mi
(798 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Schuyler County.svg
ScotlandCounty 199 Memphis 1841Clark, Lewis, and Shelby countiesScotland (country)4,843438 sq mi
(1,134 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Scotland County.svg
ScottCounty 201 Benton 1822New Madrid County John Guier Scott (1819–1892), a U.S. Representative from Missouri 39,191421 sq mi
(1,090 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Scott County.svg
ShannonCounty 203 Eminence 1837Ripley County George Shannon (1785–1836), member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition 8,4411,004 sq mi
(2,600 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Shannon County.svg
ShelbyCounty 205 Shelbyville 1835Marion County Isaac Shelby (1750–1826), the first and fifth Governor of Kentucky 6,373501 sq mi
(1,298 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Shelby County.svg
StoddardCounty 207 Bloomfield 1835New Madrid County Amos Stoddard (1762–1813), the only commandant of Upper Louisiana for the French Republic and the only commandant for the District of Louisiana for the United States in 1804 during the handover of the Louisiana Purchase 29,968827 sq mi
(2,142 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Stoddard County.svg
StoneCounty 209 Galena 1851Taney CountyWilliam Stone, first elected judge of Taney County32,202463 sq mi
(1,199 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Stone County.svg
SullivanCounty 211 Milan 1843Linn County John Sullivan (1740–1795), American Revolutionary War general6,714651 sq mi
(1,686 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Sullivan County.svg
TaneyCounty 213 Forsyth 1837Greene County Roger Brooke Taney (1777–1864), eleventh United States Attorney General and fifth Chief Justice of the United States 51,675632 sq mi
(1,637 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Taney County.svg
TexasCounty 215 Houston 1843Shannon and Wright counties Republic of Texas 26,0081,179 sq mi
(3,054 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Texas County.svg
VernonCounty 217 Nevada 1851Bates CountyMiles Vernon, Missouri State Senator – the county was originally defined as having the same boundaries as Bates county, but was later declared unconstitutional and changed21,159834 sq mi
(2,160 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Vernon County.svg
WarrenCounty 219 Warrenton 1833Montgomery County Joseph Warren (1741–1775), Revolutionary War doctor and general32,513432 sq mi
(1,119 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Warren County.svg
WashingtonCounty 221 Potosi 1813Sainte Genevieve County George Washington (1732–1799), commander of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War and first President of the United States25,195760 sq mi
(1,968 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Washington County.svg
WayneCounty 223 Greenville 1818Cape Girardeau and Lawrence counties Anthony Wayne (1745–1796), United States Army general and statesman13,521761 sq mi
(1,971 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Wayne County.svg
WebsterCounty 225 Marshfield 1855Greene County Daniel Webster (1782–1852), U.S. Secretary of State and Senator from Massachusetts36,202593 sq mi
(1,536 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Webster County.svg
WorthCounty 227 Grant City 1861Gentry County William J. Worth (1794–1849), a United States general during the Mexican–American War 2,171266 sq mi
(689 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Worth County.svg
WrightCounty 229 Hartville 1841Pulaski County Silas Wright (1795–1847), an American Democratic politician and Governor of New York18,815682 sq mi
(1,766 km2)
Map of Missouri highlighting Wright County.svg

Former county names

County [3] Etymology [3] [10] Changed to [3]
Allen County
Unknown
Atchison County in 1845
Ashley County William Henry Ashley (1778–1838), early settler Texas County in 1845 upon organization
Decatur County Stephen Decatur (1779–1820), American naval officer [12] Ozark County in 1845
Highland County
Unknown
Sullivan County in 1845 upon organization
Kinderhook County Kinderhook, New York, birthplace of Martin Van Buren Camden County in 1843
Lillard County James Lillard of Tennessee, who served in the first state legislature of Missouri Lafayette County in 1825
Niangua County Niangua River, a tributary of the Osage River – "niangua" comes from the Native American word nehemgar, which means "a river of numerous springs or sources" [13] Dallas County in 1844 because of the difficulty in pronouncing and spelling Niangua
Seneca County Seneca Nation, a group of Native Americans from New York McDonald County in 1847 upon organization
Van Buren County Martin Van Buren (1782–1862), eighth President of the United States and also Vice President under Andrew Jackson Cass County in 1849 in honor of Van Buren's opponent in the presidential election of 1848

See also

Related Research Articles

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, a county is an administrative or political subdivision of a state that consists of a geographic region with specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs, respectively.

Platte County, Missouri U.S. county in Missouri

Platte County is a county located in the northwestern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri and is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 89,322. Its county seat is Platte City. The county was organized December 31, 1838, from the Platte Purchase, named for the Platte River. (Platte is derived from the French word for a low, shallow, or intermittent stream. The Kansas City International Airport is located in the county, approximately one mile west of Interstate 29 between mile markers 12 and 15. The land for the airport was originally in an unincorporated portion of Platte County before being annexed by Platte City, and eventually Kansas City.

Cass County, Missouri Western Missouri, United States

Cass County is a county located in the western part of the U.S. state of Missouri and is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 99,478. Its county seat is Harrisonville, however the county contains a portion of Kansas City, Missouri. The county was organized in 1835 as Van Buren County, but was renamed in 1849 after U.S. Senator Lewis Cass of Michigan, who later became a presidential candidate.

Andrew County, Missouri U.S. county in Missouri

Andrew County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the county had a population of 17,291. Its county seat is Savannah. The county was organized January 29, 1841, and named for Andrew Jackson Davis, a lawyer and prominent citizen of St. Louis.

Cass County, Michigan U.S. county in Michigan

Cass County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,293. Its county seat is Cassopolis.

Van Buren, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Van Buren is the second largest city in the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area and the county seat of Crawford County, Arkansas, United States. The city is located directly northeast of Fort Smith at the Interstate 40 - Interstate 540 junction. The city was incorporated in 1845 and as of the 2010 census had a population of 22,791, ranking it as the state's 22nd largest city, behind Searcy.

Harrisonville, Missouri Town in Missouri, United States

Harrisonville is a town in Cass County, Missouri, United States. The population was 10,019 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Cass County. It is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area.

In 48 of the 50 states of the United States, the county is used for the level of local government immediately below the state itself. Louisiana uses parishes, and Alaska uses boroughs. In several states in New England, some or all counties within states have no governments of their own; the counties continue to exist as legal entities, however, and are used by states for some administrative functions and by the United States Census bureau for statistical analysis. There are 3,242 counties and county equivalent administrative units in total, including the District of Columbia and 100 county-equivalents in the U.S. territories.

Kansas City metropolitan area Metropolitan statistical area in the United States

The Kansas City metropolitan area is a bi-state metropolitan area anchored by Kansas City, Missouri. Its 14 counties straddles the border between the U.S. states of Missouri and Kansas. It is the second-largest metropolitan area centered in Missouri and is the largest metropolitan area in Kansas, though Wichita is the largest metropolitan area centered in Kansas. Alongside Kansas City, these are other cities and suburbs with populations above 100,000: Overland Park, Kansas ; Kansas City, Kansas; Olathe, Kansas; and Independence, Missouri. The Mid-America Regional Council (MARC) serves as the Council of Governments and the Metropolitan Planning Organization for the area.

Platte Purchase

The Platte Purchase was a land acquisition in 1836 by the United States government from American Indian tribes. It comprised lands along the east bank of the Missouri River and added 3,149 square miles (8,156 km2) to the northwest corner of the state of Missouri.

Greater St. Louis Metropolitan area in the United States

Greater St. Louis is a bi-state metropolitan area that completely surrounds and includes the independent city of St. Louis, the principal city. It includes parts of both Missouri and Illinois. The city core is on the Mississippi Riverfront on the border with Illinois in the geographic center of the metro area. The Mississippi River bisects the metro area geographically between Illinois and Missouri; however, the Missouri half is much more populous. St. Louis is the focus of the largest metro area in Missouri and the Illinois portion known as Metro East is the second largest metropolitan area in that state. St. Louis County is independent of the City of St. Louis and their two populations are generally tabulated separately.

Van Buren Township, Pulaski County, Indiana Township in Indiana, USA

Van Buren Township is one of twelve townships in Pulaski County, Indiana, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 911 and it contained 386 housing units.

References

  1. "Timeline of Missouri History: 1673–1799". Missouri State Government Web. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
  2. "County Government Links". Missouri State Government Web. Archived from the original on May 23, 2009. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "What are the Origins of Missouri Counties?". Missouri State Government Web. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
  4. "About St. Louis: Government". City of St. Louis. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2009.
  5. U.S. Census Bureau Archived July 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , ("Missouri County Selection Map")
  6. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 2, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2009.
  7. 1 2 "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". US Environmental Protection Agency. Archived from the original on March 21, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
  8. 1 2 3 "NACo – Find a county". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on August 28, 2009. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
  9. Beatty, Michael (2001). County Name Origins of the United States . McFarland Press. ISBN   0-7864-1025-6.
  10. 1 2 Coulet du Gard, René; Coulet Western, Dominique (1981). The Handbook of American Counties, Parishes and Independent Cities. Editions des Deux Mondes. ISBN   0-939586-00-2.
  11. Howard Louis Conard (1901). Encyclopedia of the history of Missouri. p.  68.
  12. Stevens, Walter B. (1921). Centennial history of Missouri (The Center State) One Hundred Years in the Union 1820–1921. Chicago: Clarke Pub. Co. p.  72.
  13. Stevens, Walter B. (1921). Centennial history of Missouri (The Center State) One Hundred Years in the Union 1820–1921. Chicago: Clarke Pub. Co. p.  73.