|Counties of Wisconsin|
|Location||State of Wisconsin|
|Populations||4,232 (Menominee, smallest) – 947,735 (Milwaukee, largest)|
|Areas||231.98 square miles (600.8 km2) (Pepin, smallest) – 1,544.91 square miles (4,001.3 km2) (Marathon, largest)|
The U.S. state of Wisconsin is divided into 72 counties. The land that eventually became Wisconsin was transferred from British to American control with the 1783 signing of the Treaty of Paris.It was an unorganized part of the Northwest Territory until 1802 when all of the land from St. Louis north to the Canadian border was organized as St. Clair County. When Illinois was admitted to the union in 1818, Wisconsin became part of the Territory of Michigan and divided into two counties: Brown County in the northeast along Lake Michigan and Crawford County in the southwest along the Mississippi River. Iowa County was formed in 1829 from the Crawford County land south of the Wisconsin River. Brown County's southern portion was used to form Milwaukee County in 1834. The state of Wisconsin was created from Wisconsin Territory on May 29, 1848, with 28 counties.
The most populous county in the state is Milwaukee County at 947,735 people at the 2010 census. 231.98 square miles (600.8 km2); Marathon is the largest, having 1,544.91 square miles (4,001.3 km2).Its population is bolstered by the city of Milwaukee's 594,833 people. The county with the least population is Menominee County with 4,232 residents; the Menominee Indian Reservation is co-extensive with the county. Pepin County is the smallest in area, with
The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry.Wisconsin's code is 55, which when combined with any county code would be written as 55XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.
Each county has a county seat, often a populous or centrally located community, where the county's governmental offices are located. Some of the services provided by the county include: law enforcement, circuit courts, social services, vital records and deed registration, road maintenance, and snow removal. County officials include sheriffs, district attorneys, clerks, treasurers, coroners, surveyors, registers of deeds, and clerks of circuit court; these officers are elected for four-year terms. In most counties, elected coroners have been replaced by appointed medical examiners. State law permits counties to appoint a registered land surveyor in place of electing a surveyor.
Counties in Wisconsin are governed by county boards, headed by a chairperson. Counties with a population of 500,000 or more must also have a county executive. Smaller counties may have either a county executive or a county administrator.As of 2011, 13 counties had elected county executives: Brown, Chippewa, Dane, Fond du Lac, Kenosha, Manitowoc, Milwaukee, Outagamie, Portage, Racine, Sawyer, Waukesha, and Winnebago. 23 had an appointed county administrator, 34 had an appointed administrative coordinator, and 2 had neither an executive nor an administrator. Waukesha County had both an executive and an administrator.
|County||FIPS code||County seat||Est.||Formed from||Etymology||Population||Area||Map|
|AdamsCounty||001||Friendship||1848||Portage County||John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), President of the United States (1825-29)||20,875||645.65 sq mi|
|AshlandCounty||003||Ashland||1860||La Pointe County||Ashland, Henry Clay's estate in Kentucky||16,157||1,045.04 sq mi|
|BarronCounty||005||Barron||1859||Polk County||Henry D. Barron, state senator and circuit court judge.||45,870||862.71 sq mi|
|BayfieldCounty||007||Washburn||1845||St. Croix County||Henry Bayfield, Royal naval officer and first to survey Great Lakes area||15,014||1,477.86 sq mi|
|BrownCounty||009||Green Bay||1818||unorganized territory||Major General Jacob Brown (1775-1828), commanding general of the United States Army during the War of 1812||248,007||529.71 sq mi|
|BuffaloCounty||011||Alma||1853||Trempealeau County||The Buffalo River, which flows through the county.||13,587||671.64 sq mi|
|BurnettCounty||013||Siren||1856||Polk County||Thomas P. Burnett, state legislator||15,457||821.85 sq mi|
|CalumetCounty||015||Chilton||1836||Brown County, Wisconsin||The French word for a Menominee Ceremonial pipe.||48,971||318.24 sq mi|
|ChippewaCounty||017||Chippewa Falls||1845||Crawford County||Chippewa Indians||62,415||1,008.37 sq mi|
|ClarkCounty||019||Neillsville||1853||Crawford County||George Rogers Clark (1752-1812), Revolutionary War general||34,690||1,209.82 sq mi|
|ColumbiaCounty||021||Portage||1846||Portage County||Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), navigator and explorer||56,833||765.53 sq mi|
|CrawfordCounty||023||Prairie du Chien||1818||unorganized territory||William Harris Crawford (1772-1834), United States Senator from Georgia (1807-13) and Secretary of the Treasury 1816-25||16,644||570.66 sq mi|
|DaneCounty||025||Madison||1836||Crawford, Iowa, and Milwaukee Countes||Nathan Dane (1752-1835), delegate to the First Continental Congress (1785-88)||488,073||1,197.24 sq mi|
|DodgeCounty||027||Juneau||1836||Brown and Milwaukee Counties||Henry Dodge (1782-1867), Territorial Governor of Wisconsin (1845-48)||88,759||875.63 sq mi|
|DoorCounty||029||Sturgeon Bay||1851||Brown County||A dangerous water passage near Door Peninsula known as Porte des Morts or "door of the dead" in French||27,785||481.98 sq mi|
|DouglasCounty||031||Superior||1854||La Pointe County||Stephen Douglas (1813-61), United States Senator 1847-61||44,159||1,304.14 sq mi|
|DunnCounty||033||Menomonie||1854||Chippewa County||Charles Dunn, state senator and chief justice of Wisconsin Territory||43,857||850.11 sq mi|
|Eau ClaireCounty||035||Eau Claire||1856||Chippewa County||City of Eau Claire French for "clear water"||98,736||637.98 sq mi|
|FlorenceCounty||037||Florence||1881||Marinette and Oconto Counties||Florence Hulst, the first white woman to settle in the area||4,423||488.20 sq mi|
|Fond du LacCounty||039||Fond du Lac||1836||Brown County||French for "foot of the lake"||101,633||719.55 sq mi|
|ForestCounty||041||Crandon||1885||Langlade and Oconto Counties||Forest which covered the area when it was settled||9,304||1,014.07 sq mi|
|GrantCounty||043||Lancaster||1837||Iowa County||Probably a trader named Grant who made contact with area natives in 1810 but about whom little else is known||51,208||1,146.85 sq mi|
|GreenCounty||045||Monroe||1837||Iowa County and unorganized territory||Nathanael Greene (1742-86), quartermaster general during the American Revolutionary War||36,842||583.96 sq mi|
|Green LakeCounty||047||Green Lake||1858||Marquette County||Green Lake located within the county||19,051||349.44 sq mi|
|IowaCounty||049||Dodgeville||1829||Crawford County||Iowa tribe of Indians||23,687||762.58 sq mi|
|IronCounty||051||Hurley||1893||Ashland and Oneida Counties||Local iron deposits||5,916||758.17 sq mi|
|JacksonCounty||053||Black River Falls||1853||La Crosse County||Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), President of the United States 1829–37||20,449||987.72 sq mi|
|JeffersonCounty||055||Jefferson||1836||Milwaukee County||Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), President of the United States (1801-09)||83,686||556.47 sq mi|
|JuneauCounty||057||Mauston||1856||Adams County||Solomon Juneau (1793-1856), founder of what would become Milwaukee||26,664||766.93 sq mi|
|KenoshaCounty||059||Kenosha||1850||Racine County||Indian word meaning "place of the pike"||166,426||271.99 sq mi|
|KewauneeCounty||061||Kewaunee||1852||Door County||Either a Potawatomi word meaning "river of the lost" or an Ojibwe word meaning "prairie hen" "wild duck" or "to go around"||20,574||342.52 sq mi|
|La CrosseCounty||063||La Crosse||1851||Crawford County||Indian game of lacrosse||114,638||451.69 sq mi|
|LafayetteCounty||065||Darlington||1846||Iowa County||Gilbert du Motier marquis de La Fayette (1757-1834), a French general in the American Revolutionary War||16,836||633.59 sq mi|
|LangladeCounty||067||Antigo||1879||Oconto County||Charles de Langlade (1729 – c.1800), American Revolutionary War veteran and United States Indian Agent in Green Bay||19,977||870.64 sq mi|
|LincolnCounty||069||Merrill||1874||Marathon County||Abraham Lincoln (1809-65), President of the United States 1861-65||28,743||878.97 sq mi|
|ManitowocCounty||071||Manitowoc||1836||Brown County||Munedoo-owk, an Ojibwe word meaning "the place of the good spirit"||81,442||589.08 sq mi|
|MarathonCounty||073||Wausau||1850||Portage County||Marathon, Greece||134,063||1,544.98 sq mi|
|MarinetteCounty||075||Marinette||1879||Oconto County||Marie Antoinette Chevalier, Indian wife of an early fur trapper||41,749||1,399.35 sq mi|
|MarquetteCounty||077||Montello||1836||Brown County||Father Pere Jacques Marquette(1637-75), missionary and explorer||15,404||455.60 sq mi|
|MenomineeCounty||078||Keshena||1959||Menominee Indian Reservation, Shawano, and Oconto Counties||Menominee Indians||4,232||357.61 sq mi|
|MilwaukeeCounty||079||Milwaukee||1834||Brown County||Mahnawaukee-Seepe, an Indian word meaning "gathering place by the river"||947,735||241.40 sq mi|
|MonroeCounty||081||Sparta||1854||La Crosse County||James Monroe (1758-1831), President of the United States (1817-25)||44,673||900.78 sq mi|
|OcontoCounty||083||Oconto||1851||Brown County||An Indian settlement and the Oconto River, whose name means "plentiful with fish"||37,660||997.99 sq mi|
|OneidaCounty||085||Rhinelander||1885||Lincoln County||Oneida Indians||35,998||1,112.97 sq mi|
|OutagamieCounty||087||Appleton||1851||Brown County||Outagamie Indians||176,695||637.52 sq mi|
|OzaukeeCounty||089||Port Washington||1853||Washington County||The Ojibwe word for the Sauk nation||86,395||233.08 sq mi|
|PepinCounty||091||Durand||1858||Dunn County||Pierre and Jean Pepin du Chardonnets, explorers||7,469||231.98 sq mi|
|PierceCounty||093||Ellsworth||1853||Saint Croix County||Franklin Pierce (1804-69), President of the United States (1853-57)||41,019||573.75 sq mi|
|PolkCounty||095||Balsam Lake||1853||Saint Croix County||James Polk (1795-1849), President of the United States (1845-49)||44,205||913.96 sq mi|
|PortageCounty||097||Stevens Point||1836||Brown, Crawford, Iowa, and Milwaukee Counties||Passage between the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers||70,019||800.68 sq mi|
|PriceCounty||099||Phillips||1879||Chippewa and Lincoln Counties||William T. Price(1824-86), United States Congressman(1883-86)||14,159||1,254.38 sq mi|
|RacineCounty||101||Racine||1836||Milwaukee County||Racine, the French word for "root", after the Root River, which flows through the county||195,408||332.5 sq mi|
|RichlandCounty||103||Richland Center||1842||Iowa County||The rich soil of the area||18,021||586.15 sq mi|
|RockCounty||105||Janesville||1836||Milwaukee County||Rock River, which flows through the county||160,331||718.14 sq mi|
|RuskCounty||107||Ladysmith||1901||Chippewa County||Jeremiah McLain Rusk (1830-93), Governor of Wisconsin 1882-89||14,755||913.59 sq mi|
|SaukCounty||111||Baraboo||1840||Crawford, Dane and Portage Counties||Sauk Indians||61,976||830.9 sq mi|
|SawyerCounty||113||Hayward||1883||Ashland and Chippewa Counties||Philetus Sawyer (1816-1900), United States Representative (1865-75) and Senator (1881-93) from Wisconsin||16,557||1,257.31 sq mi|
|ShawanoCounty||115||Shawano||1853||Oconto County||An Ojibwe word meaning "southern"||41,949||893.06 sq mi|
|SheboyganCounty||117||Sheboygan||1836||Brown County||Shawb-wa-way-kun, an Indian word meaning "great noise underground"||115,507||511.27 sq mi|
|St. CroixCounty||109||Hudson||1840||Crawford County, and unorganized territory||An early French explorer named St. Croix, about whom little is known||84,345||722.33 sq mi|
|TaylorCounty||119||Medford||1875||Clark, Lincoln, Marathon and Chippewa Counties||William Robert Taylor (1820-1909), Governor of Wisconsin 1874-76||20,689||974.88 sq mi|
|TrempealeauCounty||121||Whitehall||1854||Crawford and La Crosse Counties||Trempealeau Mountain (from the French for "mountain with its foot in the water"), a bluff located in a bend of the Trempealeau River, which flows through the county||28,816||732.97 sq mi|
|VernonCounty||123||Viroqua||1851||Richland and Crawford Counties||Mount Vernon, home of George Washington||29,773||791.58 sq mi|
|VilasCounty||125||Eagle River||1893||Oneida County||William Vilas (1840-1908), officer in the Civil War United States Postmaster General (1885-88) United States Secretary of the Interior (1888-89) and Senator from Wisconsin (1891-97)||21,430||856.60 sq mi|
|WalworthCounty||127||Elkhorn||1836||Milwaukee County||Reuben Hyde Walworth (1788-1867), jurist from New York||102,228||555.13 sq mi|
|WashburnCounty||129||Shell Lake||1883||Burnett County||Cadwallader Washburn (1818-82), Governor of Wisconsin (1872–74) and Representative from Wisconsin (1867–71)||15,911||797.11 sq mi|
|WashingtonCounty||131||West Bend||1836||Brown and Milwaukee Counties||George Washington (1732-99), American Revolutionary War leader (1775–83) and first President of the United States (1789–97)||131,887||430.70 sq mi|
|WaukeshaCounty||133||Waukesha||1846||Milwaukee County||Waugooshance, a Pottawatomi word meaning "little foxes"||389,891||549.57 sq mi|
|WaupacaCounty||135||Waupaca||1851||Brown and Winnebago Counties||wau-pa-ka-ho-nak, a Menominee word meaning "white sand bottom" or "brave young hero"||52,410||747.71 sq mi|
|WausharaCounty||137||Wautoma||1851||Marquette County||An Indian word meaning "good earth"||24,496||626.15 sq mi|
|WinnebagoCounty||139||Oshkosh||1840||Brown, Calumet, and Fond du Lac Counties||Winnebago Indians||166,994||434.49 sq mi|
|WoodCounty||141||Wisconsin Rapids||1856||Portage County||Joseph Wood (1809-90), state legislator (1856-58)||74,749||793.12 sq mi|
Five counties in Wisconsin have been renamed, but otherwise kept their same borders.
Two counties have been proposed, but none were established.
Ozaukee County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 86,395. Its county seat is Port Washington, making it one of three Wisconsin counties on Lake Michigan not to have a county seat with the same name.
Milwaukee County is located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 947,735 and was estimated to be 945,726 in 2019. It is both the most populous and most densely populated county in Wisconsin, and the 45th most populous county nationwide; Milwaukee, its eponymous county seat, is also the most populous city in the state. The county was created in 1834 as part of Michigan Territory and organized the following year.
William Augustus Barstow was an American businessman, politician, and public administrator. He was the third Governor and second Secretary of State of Wisconsin, and served as a Union Army officer during the American Civil War. Before Wisconsin became a state, he was instrumental in the creation of Waukesha County.
Patrick Joseph Lucey was an American politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 38th Governor of Wisconsin from 1971 to 1977. He was also independent presidential candidate John B. Anderson's running mate in the 1980 presidential election.
North American telephone area codes 715 and 534 are Wisconsin area codes covering most of the northern part of the state.
The administrative divisions of Wisconsin include counties, cities, villages and towns. In Wisconsin, all of these are units of general-purpose local government. There are also a number of special-purpose districts formed to handle regional concerns, such as school districts.
The Wisconsin Court of Appeals is an intermediate appellate court which reviews contested decisions of the Wisconsin circuit courts. The Court of Appeals was created in August 1978 to alleviate the Wisconsin Supreme Court's rising number of appellate cases. Published Court of Appeals opinions are considered binding precedent until overruled by the Supreme Court; unpublished opinions are not. The Court hears most appeals in three-judge panels, but appeals of circuit court decisions in misdemeanor, small claims, and municipal ordinance cases are decided by a single judge.
County trunk highways are highways maintained at the county level or below in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. Every county maintains its own county trunk highway system.
Colgate is an unincorporated community in Washington County, Wisconsin, United States, straddling the county line with Waukesha County. Colgate is located partially in the village of Richfield, and the town of Lisbon. Its ZIP Code is 53017. The population is around 300, up from about 50 in 1983.
Wisconsin is a state in the Midwestern United States. It has a vast and diverse geography famous for its landforms caused by glaciers during the ice age 17 thousand years ago. The southwestern part of the state is called the Driftless Area, as it was not covered by glaciers during the most recent ice age, the Wisconsin Glaciation. This is responsible for the formation of the Wisconsin Dells, Devil's Lake, and the Baraboo Range.
The 2008 United States presidential election in Wisconsin took place on November 4, 2008, as part of the 2008 United States presidential election in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia participated. Wisconsin voters chose 10 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting Democratic U.S. Senator from Illinois Barack Obama, and his running mate U.S. Senator from Delaware Joe Biden, against Republican challenger and U.S. Senator from Arizona John McCain and his running mate, Alaska Governor Sarah Palin.
The Wisconsin circuit courts are the general trial courts in the state of Wisconsin. There are currently 69 circuits in the state, divided into 10 judicial administrative districts. Circuit court judges hear and decide both civil and criminal cases. Each of the 249 circuit court judges are elected and serve six-year terms.
The 2012 United States presidential election in Wisconsin took place on November 6, 2012, as part of the 2012 United States presidential election in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia participated. Wisconsin voters chose 10 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama and his running mate, Vice President Joe Biden, against Republican challenger and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney and his running mate, Congressman Paul Ryan.
There are a variety of schema for dividing Wisconsin into regions.
Benjamin Hunkins was an American politician who had a role in shaping the Wisconsin constitution.