Monroe County, Wisconsin

Last updated
Monroe County
CourtHouseMonroeCountyWI.jpg
Monroe County Courthouse in Sparta
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Monroe County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Wisconsin in United States.svg
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°57′N90°37′W / 43.95°N 90.62°W / 43.95; -90.62
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Wisconsin.svg  Wisconsin
Founded1854 DT Moseley was the first white child born to settlers in Monroe County.
Named for James Monroe [1]
Seat Sparta
Largest citySparta
Area
  Total908 sq mi (2,350 km2)
  Land901 sq mi (2,330 km2)
  Water7.4 sq mi (19 km2)  0.8%%
Population
 (2010)
  Total44,673
  Estimate 
(2019)
46,253
  Density49/sq mi (19/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 3rd, 7th
Website www.co.monroe.wi.us

Monroe County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 44,673. [2] Its county seat is Sparta. [3]

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 908 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 901 square miles (2,330 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (0.8%) is water. [4]

United States Army posts

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 8,410
1870 16,55096.8%
1880 21,60730.6%
1890 23,2117.4%
1900 28,10321.1%
1910 28,8812.8%
1920 28,666−0.7%
1930 28,7390.3%
1940 30,0804.7%
1950 31,3784.3%
1960 31,241−0.4%
1970 31,6101.2%
1980 35,07411.0%
1990 36,6334.4%
2000 40,89911.6%
2010 44,6739.2%
2019 (est.)46,253 [5] 3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010–2019 [2]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Monroe County. USA Monroe County, Wisconsin age pyramid.svg
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Monroe County.

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 40,899 people, 15,399 households, and 10,794 families residing in the county. The population density was 45 people per square mile (18/km2). There were 16,672 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.52% White, 0.46% Black or African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 45.5% were of German, 13.4% Norwegian, 7.6% Irish, 6.3% American and 5.0% English ancestry. 92.9% spoke English, 3.1% German and 2.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 15,399 households, out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.10% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.60 males.

In 2017, there were 534 births, giving a general fertility rate of 67.9 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the 21st highest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties. Of these, 43 of the births occurred at home. [11] Additionally, there were 21 reported induced abortions performed on women of Monroe County residence in 2017. [12]

In 2010, the reported adherence figures for the largest religious groups in Monroe County were Catholic at 9,250 adherents, Wisconsin Synod Lutheran at 3,102 adherents, ELCA Lutheran at 2,297 adherents, Amish at 1,627 adherents, LCMC Lutheran at 1,270 adherents, and United Methodist at 1,155 adherents. [13]

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

Communities

Monroe County sign on Interstate 90 Monroe County WI sign I90.jpg
Monroe County sign on Interstate 90

Cities

Villages

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 60.9%13,77537.3% 8,4331.8% 403
2016 57.7%11,35635.8% 7,0526.6% 1,291
2012 49.7%9,67548.8% 9,5151.5% 295
2008 45.3% 8,66653.3%10,1981.5% 288
2004 53.1%10,37545.9% 8,9731.1% 206
2000 50.3%8,21745.7% 7,4604.0% 658
1996 36.3% 5,29947.4%6,92416.3% 2,377
1992 36.4% 6,11838.2%6,42725.4% 4,260
1988 52.1%7,07347.4% 6,4370.6% 75
1984 59.3%8,22740.1% 5,5670.7% 90
1980 51.9%8,13641.6% 6,5216.5% 1,027
1976 51.9%7,24246.3% 6,4651.9% 261
1972 66.7%7,62531.8% 3,6401.5% 171
1968 57.7%6,93833.4% 4,0128.9% 1,065
1964 44.5% 5,12655.4%6,3850.1% 13
1960 58.9%7,41041.0% 5,1610.1% 16
1956 63.2%7,46036.5% 4,3110.3% 40
1952 70.0%8,74429.8% 3,7170.3% 34
1948 51.0%5,34747.4% 4,9701.7% 173
1944 64.1%7,27735.3% 4,0130.6% 64
1940 62.5%8,04236.3% 4,6731.2% 148
1936 39.1% 4,69554.1%6,4916.9% 822
1932 30.4% 3,02267.9%6,7571.8% 175
1928 60.8%5,93638.0% 3,7091.2% 114
1924 26.7% 2,6614.3% 42869.0%6,876
1920 83.3%6,78412.0% 9774.7% 384
1916 57.6%3,01338.1% 1,9914.4% 229
1912 38.1% 1,84143.2%2,08418.7% 903
1908 58.1%3,30437.9% 2,1554.0% 227
1904 66.8%3,89230.0% 1,7493.2% 188
1900 60.3%3,70936.5% 2,2473.2% 194
1896 59.5%3,68338.1% 2,3612.4% 150
1892 47.1%2,53045.8% 2,4587.1% 379

See also

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Norwalk, Wisconsin Village in Wisconsin, United States

Norwalk is a village in Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 638 at the 2010 census.

Ridgeville, Wisconsin Town in Wisconsin, United States

Ridgeville is a town in Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 491 at the 2000 census. The unincorporated community of Ridgeville is in the town.

Wyeville, Wisconsin Village in Wisconsin, United States

Wyeville is a village in Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States. It is located on Wisconsin Highway 21. The population was 147 at the 2010 census.

Adams, Wisconsin City in Wisconsin, United States

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Oakdale, Wisconsin Village in Wisconsin, United States

Oakdale is a village in Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 402 at the 2010 census. The village is located within the Town of Oakdale.

Oakdale is a town in Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 679 at the 2000 census. The Village of Oakdale is located within the town.

Sparta, Wisconsin Place in Wisconsin, United States

Sparta is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States, along the La Crosse River. The population was 9,522 at the 2010 census.

Tomah (town), Wisconsin Town in Wisconsin, United States

Tomah is a town in Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,194 at the 2000 census. It lies adjacent to the city of Tomah.

Tomah, Wisconsin City in Wisconsin, United States

Tomah is a city in Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 9,093 as of the 2010 census. The city is surrounded by the Town of Tomah and the Town of La Grange.

Tunnel City, Wisconsin Census-designated place in Wisconsin, United States

Tunnel City is an unincorporated census-designated place in the town of Greenfield, Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States, named after the train tunnel through a hill just to the west of town.

References

  1. Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 162.
  2. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  10. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. "Annual Wisconsin Birth and Infant Mortality Report, 2017 P-01161-19 (June 2019): Detailed Tables". Archived from the original on 2019-06-19. Retrieved 2019-06-23.
  12. Reported Induced Abortions in Wisconsin, Office of Health Informatics, Division of Public Health, Wisconsin Department of Health Services. Section: Trend Information, 2013-2017, Table 18, pages 17-18
  13. thearda.com County Membership Report: Monroe County (Wisconsin)
  14. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 10, 2020.

Further reading

Coordinates: 43°57′N90°37′W / 43.95°N 90.62°W / 43.95; -90.62