Sparta, Wisconsin

Last updated
Sparta, Wisconsin
SpartaBigBike.jpg
Nickname(s): 
Bicycling Capital of America
Monroe County Wisconsin Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Sparta Highlighted.svg
Location of Sparta in Monroe County, Wisconsin.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Sparta, Wisconsin
Location of Sparta, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°56′35″N90°48′42″W / 43.94306°N 90.81167°W / 43.94306; -90.81167 Coordinates: 43°56′35″N90°48′42″W / 43.94306°N 90.81167°W / 43.94306; -90.81167 [1]
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Monroe
Government
   Mayor Kristen Gust
Area
[2]
  Total8.06 sq mi (20.88 km2)
  Land8.01 sq mi (20.74 km2)
  Water0.06 sq mi (0.15 km2)
Population
 (2010) [3]
  Total9,522
  Estimate 
(2019) [4]
9,832
  Density1,227.93/sq mi (474.13/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
54656
FIPS code 55-75325
Website www.spartawisconsin.org

Sparta is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States, [5] along the La Crosse River. The population was 9,522 at the 2010 census.

Contents

History

A post office has been in operation at Sparta since 1852. [6] The city was named after the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta. [7]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.60 square miles (17.09 km2), of which 6.54 square miles (16.94 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water. [8]

Climate

Sparta's location in the United States' upper midwest gives the area a temperate, continental climate. The warmest month of the year is July, with an average high temperature of 85 °F (29 °C), with overnight low temperatures averaging 63 °F (18 °C). January is the coldest month, with high temperatures averaging 26 °F (−4 °C), with the overnight low temperatures around 6 °F (−14 °C).

Transportation

The Sparta/Fort McCoy Airport serves general aviation for the area.

Railroad tracks owned by Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) pass through Sparta, providing freight service.

The city is served by several major highways, including Interstate 90, Wisconsin State Highway 16, Wisconsin State Highway 21, Wisconsin State Highway 27, and Wisconsin State Highway 71.

Sparta is at one end of the Elroy-Sparta Bike Trail. Opened in 1967, this is considered to be the first rail trail conversion. It is a 32-mile (51 km) bike trail that was redeveloped from an abandoned railway and passes through rural scenery and three tunnels. It is part of the larger Wisconsin bike trail system operated by the state of Wisconsin. [9] Based on this, Sparta dubs itself the "Bicycling Capital of America"; the entrance to the town is marked by an oversized sculpture of a bicyclist on an old-fashioned penny farthing high-wheel bicycle. The statue, named Ben Bikin', has been given the title of "World's Largest Bicyclist." [10] An annual bike ride held annually in October and called the "Will to Ben" runs between the Ben Bikin' statue with another from the same mold, named Will B. Rolling, which is located in Port Byron, Illinois. [11] [12]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 1,284
1870 2,31480.2%
1880 2,3873.2%
1890 2,79517.1%
1900 3,55527.2%
1910 3,97311.8%
1920 4,46612.4%
1930 4,94910.8%
1940 5,82017.6%
1950 5,8931.3%
1960 6,0803.2%
1970 6,2582.9%
1980 6,93410.8%
1990 7,78812.3%
2000 8,64811.0%
2010 9,52210.1%
2019 (est.)9,832 [4] 3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [13]

2010 census

As of the census [3] of 2010, there were 9,522 people, 3,986 households, and 2,342 families living in the city. The population density was 1,456.0 inhabitants per square mile (562.2/km2). There were 4,192 housing units at an average density of 641.0 per square mile (247.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.2% White, 1.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.8% of the population.

There were 3,986 households, of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.2% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 36.5 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.9% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census [14] of 2000, there were 8,648 people, 3,583 households, and 2,217 families living in the city. The population density was 1,582.2 people per square mile (610.4/km2). There were 3,733 housing units at an average density of 683.0 per square mile (263.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.97% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 1.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,583 households, out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,397, and the median income for a family was $42,182. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $21,634 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,238. About 10.0% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Sparta is the home and international headquarters of several businesses including Century Foods International, Northern Engraving Corp., Spartek, Mathews Inc., F.A.S.T. Corp., Sparta Brush Company, McPherson Guitars, Multistack, Lake States Lumber, and Wesco Home Furnishings.

Annual events

Butterfest is an annual event in the city. Incorporated on February 14, 1984, it was formed to raise funds and conduct fund raising projects for the advancement of the general welfare of the city of Sparta. [15] Other events include:

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. "Monroe County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  7. Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 126.
  8. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  9. "Elroy-Sparta State Trail | Travel Wisconsin", Wisconsin Department of Tourism, Madison, 2014.
  10. "World's Largest Bicyclist". RoadsideAmerica.com. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  11. "Port Byron to host bicycle tour across Illinois, Wisconsin". Quad City Times. 2015-04-07.
  12. "Will To Ben". BikeWisconsin.com. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  13. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. Sparta Butterfest - Sparta, WI
  16. Robert Herman Flock Bever