List of counties in New York

Last updated
Counties of New York
New York Counties.svg
Location State of New York
Number62
Populations4,836 (Hamilton) – 2,504,700 (Kings County)
Areas33.77 square miles (87.5 km2) (New York) – 2,821 square miles (7,310 km2) (St. Lawrence)
Government
Subdivisions

There are 62 counties in the state of New York. The original twelve counties were created immediately after the British takeover of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, although two of these counties have since been abolished. The most recent county formation in New York was in 1914, when Bronx County was created from the portions of New York City that had been annexed from Westchester County in the late 19th century and added to New York County. [1] New York's counties are named for a variety of Native American words; British provinces, counties, cities, and royalty; early American statesmen and military personnel; and New York State politicians. [2]

Contents

The FIPS county code is the five-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code which uniquely identifies counties and county equivalents in the United States. The three-digit number is unique to each individual county within a state, but to be unique within the entire United States, it must be prefixed by the state code. This means that, for example, while Albany County is 001, Addison County, Vermont, and Alachua County, Florida, are also 001. To uniquely identify Albany County, New York, one must use the state code of 36 plus the county code of 001; therefore, the unique nationwide identifier for Albany County, New York, is 36001. The links in the column FIPS County Code are to the Census Bureau's "QuickFacts" page for that county. [3]

Authority

Excepting the five boroughs of New York City, New York counties are governed by NY County Law, and have governments run by either a Board of Supervisors, or a County Legislature, and either an elected County Executive or appointed county manager. Counties without charters are run by a Board of Supervisors, in which Town Supervisors from towns within the county also sit on the county Board of Supervisors. For counties with a charter, the executives generally have powers to veto acts of the county legislature. The legislatures have powers of setting policies, levying taxes and distributing funds.

Five boroughs of New York City

Five of New York's counties are each coextensive with New York City's five boroughs and do not have county governments. They are New York County (Manhattan), Kings County (Brooklyn), Bronx County (The Bronx), Richmond County (Staten Island), and Queens County (Queens).

In contrast to other counties of New York, the powers of the five boroughs of New York City are very limited and in nearly all respects are governed by the city government. [4] Only a few officials are elected on a borough-wide basis, such as the five borough presidents, district attorneys, and some judges. There are no official county seats, but the locations of borough halls and courthouses bestow certain neighborhoods an informal designation as county seats within their boroughs:

List of counties

County
FIPS Code
[3]
County seat
[5]
Est.
[5]
Formed from
[1]
Named for
[2]
Density (Pop./mi2)
Pop. (2010)
[6]
Area
[5]
Map
 
AlbanyCounty 001 Albany 1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colony James II of England (James VII of Scotland) (16331701), who was Duke of York (English title) and Duke of Albany (Scottish title) before becoming King of England, Ireland, and Scotland.570.74304,204533 sq mi
(1,380 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Albany County.svg
AlleganyCounty 003 Belmont 1806Genesee CountyA variant spelling of the Allegheny River 47.3448,9461,034 sq mi
(2,678 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Allegany County.svg
BronxCounty 005 none (sui generis)1914 [7] New York County Jonas Bronck (1600?1643), an early settler of the Dutch colony of New Netherland 24,118.201,385,10857.43 sq mi
(149 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Bronx County.svg
BroomeCounty 007 Binghamton 1806Tioga County John Broome (17381810), fourth Lieutenant Governor of New York 280.56200,600715 sq mi
(1,852 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Broome County.svg
CattaraugusCounty 009 Little Valley 1808Genesee CountyA word from an uncertain Iroquoian language meaning "bad smelling banks", referring to the odor of natural gas which leaked from Cattaraugus Creek 61.3180,3171,310 sq mi
(3,393 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Cattaraugus County.svg
CayugaCounty 011 Auburn 1799Onondaga CountyThe Cayuga tribe of Native Americans92.6280,026864 sq mi
(2,238 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Cayuga County.svg
ChautauquaCounty 013 Mayville 1808Genesee CountyLoanword from the Erie language describing Chautauqua Lake; language now lost and cannot be translated89.94134,9051,500 sq mi
(3,885 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Chautauqua County.svg
ChemungCounty 015 Elmira 1836Tioga CountyA Lenape word meaning "big horn", which was the name of a local Native American village216.2388,830410.81 sq mi
(1,064 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Chemung County.svg
ChenangoCounty 017 Norwich 1798Tioga County and Herkimer CountyAn Onondaga word meaning "large bull-thistle"56.1650,477898.85 sq mi
(2,328 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Chenango County.svg
ClintonCounty 019 Plattsburgh 1788Washington County George Clinton (17391812), fourth Vice President of the United States and first and third Governor of New York 73.4682,1281,118 sq mi
(2,896 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Clinton County.svg
ColumbiaCounty 021 Hudson 1786Albany County Christopher Columbus (14511506), the European explorer97.3763,096648 sq mi
(1,678 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Columbia County.svg
CortlandCounty 023 Cortland 1808Onondaga County Pierre Van Cortlandt (17211814), first Lieutenant Governor of New York 98.2849,336502 sq mi
(1,300 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Cortland County.svg
DelawareCounty 025 Delhi 1797Otsego County and Ulster County Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (15771618), an early colonial leader in Virginia 32.6847,9801,468 sq mi
(3,802 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Delaware County.svg
DutchessCounty 027 Poughkeepsie 1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colony Lady Anne Hyde (16371671), Duchess of York and wife of King James II of England 360.59297,488825 sq mi
(2,137 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Dutchess County.svg
ErieCounty 029 Buffalo 1821Niagara CountyThe Erie tribe of Native Americans749.02919,0401,227 sq mi
(3,178 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Erie County.svg
EssexCounty 031 Elizabethtown 1799Clinton CountyThe county of Essex in England20.5539,3701,916 sq mi
(4,962 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Essex County.svg
FranklinCounty 033 Malone 1808Clinton County Benjamin Franklin (17061790), the early American printer, scientist, and statesman30.4151,5991,697 sq mi
(4,395 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Franklin County.svg
FultonCounty 035 Johnstown 1838Montgomery County Robert Fulton (17651815), inventor of the steamship 104.1955,531533 sq mi
(1,380 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Fulton County.svg
GeneseeCounty 037 Batavia 1802Ontario County and land acquired in the Holland Purchase A Seneca phrase meaning "good valley"121.3760,079495 sq mi
(1,282 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Genesee County.svg
GreeneCounty 039 Catskill 1800Albany County and Ulster County Nathanael Greene (17421786), the American Revolutionary War general74.8049,221658 sq mi
(1,704 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Greene County.svg
HamiltonCounty 041 Lake Pleasant 1816Montgomery County Alexander Hamilton (17551804), the early American political theorist and first Secretary of the Treasury 2.674,8361,808 sq mi
(4,683 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Hamilton County.svg
HerkimerCounty 043 Herkimer 1791Montgomery County Nicholas Herkimer (17281777), the American Revolutionary War general44.2564,5191,458 sq mi
(3,776 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Herkimer County.svg
JeffersonCounty 045 Watertown 1805Oneida County Thomas Jefferson (17431826), the early American statesman, author of the Declaration of Independence, and third President of the United States 62.59116,2291,857 sq mi
(4,810 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Jefferson County.svg
KingsCounty 047 none (sui generis)1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colony King Charles II of England (16301685)25,848.302,504,70096.9 sq mi
(251 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Kings County.svg
LewisCounty 049 Lowville 1805Oneida County Morgan Lewis (17541844), the fourth Governor of New York 21.0027,0871,290 sq mi
(3,341 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Lewis County.svg
LivingstonCounty 051 Geneseo 1821Genesee County and Ontario County Robert Livingston (17461813), the early American statesman and New York delegate to the Continental Congress 102.1865,393640 sq mi
(1,658 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Livingston County.svg
MadisonCounty 053 Wampsville 1806Chenango County James Madison (17511836), the early American statesman, principal author of the Constitution of the United States, and fourth President of the United States 110.9473,442662 sq mi
(1,715 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Madison County.svg
MonroeCounty 055 Rochester 1821Genesee County and Ontario County James Monroe (17581831), the early American statesman and fifth President of the United States 544.91744,3441,366 sq mi
(3,538 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Monroe County.svg
MontgomeryCounty 057 Fonda 1772Albany CountyOriginally Tryon County after colonial governor William Tryon (17291788), renamed after the American Revolutionary War general Richard Montgomery (17381775) in 1784122.4950,219410 sq mi
(1,062 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Montgomery County.svg
NassauCounty 059 Mineola 1899Queens CountyThe Princes of Orange-Nassau ruled the Netherlands when Long Island was a Dutch colony2,957.021,339,532453 sq mi
(1,173 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Nassau County.svg
New YorkCounty 061 none (sui generis)1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colony King James II of England (16331701), who was Duke of York and Albany before he ascended the throne of England, Duke of York being his English title46,961.001,585,87333.77 sq mi
(87 km2)
Map of New York highlighting New York County.svg
NiagaraCounty 063 Lockport 1808Genesee CountyThe Iroquoian name of a tribe within the Neutral Nation, the exact translation of which remains disputed189.89216,4691,140 sq mi
(2,953 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Niagara County.svg
OneidaCounty 065 Utica 1798Herkimer CountyThe Oneida tribe of Native Americans193.63234,8781,213 sq mi
(3,142 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Oneida County.svg
OnondagaCounty 067 Syracuse 1792Herkimer CountyThe Onondaga tribe of Native Americans579.44467,026806 sq mi
(2,088 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Onondaga County.svg
OntarioCounty 069 Canandaigua 1789Land acquired in the Phelps and Gorham Purchase An Iroquoian word meaning "beautiful lake"163.04107,931662 sq mi
(1,715 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Ontario County.svg
OrangeCounty 071 Goshen 1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colony William of Orange-Nassau (16501702), who became King William III of England444.35372,813839 sq mi
(2,173 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Orange County.svg
OrleansCounty 073 Albion 1824Genesee CountyThe French Royal House of Orléans 52.4942,883817 sq mi
(2,116 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Orleans County.svg
OswegoCounty 075 Oswego 1816Oneida County and Onondaga CountyThe Oswego River, from an Iroquoian word meaning "the outpouring", referring to the mouth of the river93.07122,1091,312 sq mi
(3,398 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Oswego County.svg
OtsegoCounty 077 Cooperstown 1791Montgomery CountyA Native American word meaning "place of the rock"62.0762,2591,003 sq mi
(2,598 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Otsego County.svg
PutnamCounty 079 Carmel Hamlet 1812Dutchess County Israel Putnam (17181790), an American Revolutionary War general405.3399,710246 sq mi
(637 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Putnam County.svg
QueensCounty 081 none (sui generis)1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colony Catherine of Braganza (16381705), Queen of England and wife of King Charles II of England 12,512.462,230,722178.28 sq mi
(462 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Queens County.svg
RensselaerCounty 083 Troy 1791Albany CountyIn honor of the family of Kiliaen van Rensselaer (before 1596 – after 1643), the early landholder in the Dutch New Netherland colony239.74159,429665 sq mi
(1,722 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Rensselaer County.svg
RichmondCounty 085 none (sui generis)1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colony Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond (16721723), the illegitimate son of King Charles II of England 4,572.98468,730102.5 sq mi
(265 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Richmond County.svg
RocklandCounty 087 New City 1798Orange CountyEarly settlers' description of terrain as "rocky land"1,566.27311,687199 sq mi
(515 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Rockland County.svg
St. LawrenceCounty 089 Canton 1802Clinton County, Herkimer County, and Montgomery CountyThe St Lawrence River, which forms the northern border of the county and New York State39.68111,9442,821 sq mi
(7,306 km2)
Map of New York highlighting St. Lawrence County.svg
SaratogaCounty 091 Ballston Spa 1791Albany CountyA corruption of a Native American word meaning "the hill beside the river"260.20219,607844 sq mi
(2,186 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Saratoga County.svg
SchenectadyCounty 093 Schenectady 1809Albany CountyA Mohawk word meaning "on the other side of the pine lands"736.80154,727210 sq mi
(544 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Schenectady County.svg
SchoharieCounty 095 Schoharie 1795Albany County and Otsego CountyA Mohawk word meaning "floating driftwood"51.8432,749626 sq mi
(1,621 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Schoharie County.svg
SchuylerCounty 097 Watkins Glen 1854Chemung County, Steuben County, and Tompkins County Philip Schuyler (17331804), the American Revolutionary War general and Senator from New York53.6318,343342 sq mi
(886 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Schuyler County.svg
SenecaCounty 099 Waterloo 1804Cayuga CountyThe Seneca tribe of Native Americans 108.4635,251325 sq mi
(842 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Seneca County.svg
SteubenCounty 101 Bath 1796Ontario County Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben (17301794), the Prussian general who assisted the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War 70.5198,9901,404 sq mi
(3,636 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Steuben County.svg
SuffolkCounty 103 Riverhead 1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colony The county of Suffolk in England629.311,493,3502,373 sq mi
(6,146 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Suffolk County.svg
SullivanCounty 105 Monticello 1809Ulster County John Sullivan (17401795), an American Revolutionary War general77.7877,547997 sq mi
(2,582 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Sullivan County.svg
TiogaCounty 107 Owego 1791Montgomery CountyA Native American word meaning "at the forks", describing a meeting place97.7551,125523 sq mi
(1,355 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Tioga County.svg
TompkinsCounty 109 Ithaca 1817Cayuga County and Seneca County Daniel D. Tompkins (17741825), the 6th Vice President of the United States 213.37101,564476 sq mi
(1,233 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Tompkins County.svg
UlsterCounty 111 Kingston 1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colony The Irish province of Ulster, then an earldom of the Duke of York, later King James II of England 157.19182,4931,161 sq mi
(3,007 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Ulster County.svg
WarrenCounty 113 Queensbury 1813Washington County Joseph Warren (17411775), the early American patriot and American Revolutionary War general75.5365,707870 sq mi
(2,253 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Warren County.svg
WashingtonCounty 115 Fort Edward 1772Albany CountyOriginally Charlotte County, renamed in 1784 after George Washington (17321799), the American Revolutionary War general and first President of the United States 74.7263,216846 sq mi
(2,191 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Washington County.svg
WayneCounty 117 Lyons 1823Ontario County and Seneca CountyGeneral Anthony Wayne (17451796), the American Revolutionary War general67.7593,7721,384 sq mi
(3,585 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Wayne County.svg
WestchesterCounty 119 White Plains 1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colony The city of Chester in England1,898.23949,113500 sq mi
(1,295 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Westchester County.svg
WyomingCounty 121 Warsaw 1841Genesee CountyA modification of a word from the Lenape language meaning "broad bottom lands"70.7342,155596 sq mi
(1,544 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Wyoming County.svg
YatesCounty 123 Penn Yan 1823Ontario County and Steuben County Joseph C. Yates (17681837), eighth Governor of New York 67.4125,348376 sq mi
(974 km2)
Map of New York highlighting Yates County.svg

Defunct counties

County
Created
[1]
Abolished
[1]
Fate [1]
Charlotte County 17721784Partitioned and renamed as Washington County
Cornwall County 16651686Transferred to the part of Massachusetts that later became the state of Maine and partitioned; one of the 12 original counties created in the New York colony
Cumberland County 17661777Transferred to Vermont and partitioned
Dukes County 16831692Transferred to Massachusetts; one of 12 original counties created in the New York colony
Gloucester County 17701777Transferred to Vermont and partitioned
Mexico County 17921796Never settled or incorporated, reallocated to Oneida, Oswego and Jefferson Counties.
Tryon County 17721784Renamed as Montgomery County

Proposed new counties

County
Note
Adirondack CountyWould hypothetically consist of portions of northern Essex County and southern Franklin County [8]
Brookhaven CountyWould hypothetically consist of the existing Town of Brookhaven, New York in Suffolk County on Long Island.
Peconic County Would hypothetically consist of the five easternmost towns in Suffolk County on Long Island. [9]
Salmon CountyWould hypothetically consist of the eastern half of Oswego County.

Clickable map

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "New York Formation Maps". Genealogy, Inc. Archived from the original on December 30, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
  2. 1 2 Beatty, Michael (2001). County Name Origins of the United States . McFarland Press. ISBN   0-7864-1025-6.
  3. 1 2 "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". US Environmental Protection Agency. Archived from the original on 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
  4. Benjamin, Gerald; Nathan, Richard P. (1990). Regionalism and realism: A Study of Government in the New York Metropolitan Area. Brookings Institution. p. 59.
  5. 1 2 3 "Find A County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on August 4, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
  6. "Vital Statistics of New York State 2010". NYS Department of Health. November 2011. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
  7. Legislation splitting off Bronx County from New York County was enacted in 1912 with an effective date of January 1, 1914. Prior to 1874 the entire area had been part of Westchester County. See McCarthy, Thomas C. "A 5-Borough Centennial Preface for the Katharine Bement Davis Mini-History". New York City Department of Corrections. Retrieved 2008-01-25.
  8. Lynch, Mike (2007-10-30). "North Elba Supervisor Candidate Debate". Plattsburgh Press Republican. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
  9. Healy, Patrick (2004-02-11). "Growth Pains and Clout Heading East in Suffolk". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-01-20.