Broome County, New York

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Broome County
Broome County Courthouse Dec 08.jpg
Broome County Courthouse
Flag of Broome County, New York.jpg
Flag
Seal of Broome County, New York.jpg
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Broome County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of New York
New York in United States.svg
New York's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°08′13″N75°53′18″W / 42.136986°N 75.888313°W / 42.136986; -75.888313
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of New York.svg  New York
Founded1806
Named for John Broome
Seat Binghamton
Largest cityBinghamton
Area
  Total715.52 sq mi (1,853.2 km2)
  Land705.77 sq mi (1,827.9 km2)
  Water9.7 sq mi (25 km2)  1.4%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
191,659
  Density271.6/sq mi (104.9/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 19th, 22nd
Website www.gobroomecounty.com

Broome County in the U.S. state of New York, as of the 2010 United States Census, had a population of 200,600. [1] Its county seat is Binghamton. The county was named for John Broome, the state's lieutenant governor when Broome County was created.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

New York (state) American state

New York is a state located in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from its city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State (NYS).

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million people as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

The county is part of the Binghamton, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Binghamton metropolitan area human settlement in United States of America

The Binghamton Metropolitan Statistical Area, also called Greater Binghamton or the Triple Cities, is a region of southern upstate New York in the Northeastern United States, anchored by the city of Binghamton. The MSA encompasses Broome and Tioga counties, which together had a population of 251,725 as of the 2010 census. From 1963 to 1983, the MSA also included neighboring Susquehanna County in Pennsylvania, part of which still falls in the Binghamton, NY–PA Urban Area. In addition to these three counties, the greater region includes parts of Delaware and Chenango counties in New York; portions of Cortland and Otsego counties in New York and Wayne County, Pennsylvania are sometimes considered part of the region as well. Using the definition of a 30-mile radius from Binghamton, the population as of the 2010 census is 317,331.

Broome County is the site of Binghamton University, one of four university centers in the State University of New York (SUNY) system.

Binghamton University Public university in New York State

The State University of New York at Binghamton, commonly referred to as Binghamton University and SUNY Binghamton, is a public research university with campuses in Binghamton, Vestal, and Johnson City, New York. It is one of the four university centers in the State University of New York (SUNY) system. As of Fall 2018, 17,768 undergraduate and graduate students attend the university. The Vestal campus is listed as a census-designated place, with a residential population of 6,177 as of the 2010 Census.

State University of New York system of universities in New York State

The State University of New York is a system of public institutions of higher education in New York. It is the largest comprehensive system of universities, colleges, and community colleges in the United States, with a total enrollment of 424,051 students, plus 2,195,082 adult education students, spanning 64 campuses across the state. Led by Chancellor Kristina M. Johnson, the SUNY system has 91,182 employees, including 32,496 faculty members, and some 7,660 degree and certificate programs overall and a $10.7 billion budget.

History

When counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Broome County was part of the enormous Albany County, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

Province of New York English, from 1707, British, possession in North America between 1664 and 1776

The Province of New York (1664–1776) was a British proprietary colony and later royal colony on the northeast coast of North America. As one of the middle Thirteen Colonies, New York achieved independence and worked with the others to found the United States.

Albany County, New York County in New York

Albany County is a county in the state of New York, in the United States. Its northern border is formed by the Mohawk River, at its confluence with the Hudson River, which is on the east. As of the 2010 census, the population was 304,204. The county seat is Albany, the state capital of New York. As originally established by the English government in the colonial era, Albany County had an indefinite amount of land, but has had an area of 530 square miles (1,400 km2) since March 3, 1888. The county is named for the Duke of York and of Albany, who became James II of England.

Vermont State in the United States

Vermont is a U.S. state in the New England region. It borders the states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, and New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Vermont is the second-smallest by population and the sixth-smallest by area of the 50 U.S. states. The state capital is Montpelier, the least populous state capital in the United States. The most populous city, Burlington, is the least populous city to be the most populous city in a state. As of 2019, Vermont was the leading producer of maple syrup in the United States. In crime statistics, it has ranked since 2016 as the safest state in the country.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now is organized as 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

Tryon County, New York county of the Province of New York

Tryon County was a county in the colonial Province of New York in the British American colonies. It was created from Albany County on March 24, 1772, and was named for William Tryon, the last provincial governor of New York. The county's boundaries extended much further than any current county. Its eastern boundary with the also-new Charlotte County ran "from the Mohawk River to the Canada line, at a point near the old village of St. Regis and passing south to the Mohawk between Schenectady and Albany." It extended north to the St. Lawrence River; its western boundary was the Treaty of Fort Stanwix's Line of Property, following the Unadilla River, Oneida Lake, Onondaga River and Oswego River to Lake Ontario, as the Iroquois Confederacy still controlled locations further west in the Indian Reserve. Tryon County's seat was Johnstown, which is today the county seat of Fulton County. The Tryon County Courthouse, built in 1772–1773, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. The Tryon County Jail, also built in 1772–1773, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981.

Schenectady, New York City in New York, United States

Schenectady is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 66,135. The name "Schenectady" is derived from a Mohawk word, skahnéhtati, meaning "beyond the pines". Schenectady was founded on the south side of the Mohawk River by Dutch colonists in the 17th century, many from the Albany area. They were prohibited from the fur trade by the Albany monopoly, which kept its control after the English takeover in 1664. Residents of the new village developed farms on strip plots along the river.

Adirondack Mountains Mountain range in northeastern New York, US

The Adirondack Mountains form a massif in northeastern New York, United States. Its boundaries correspond to the boundaries of Adirondack Park. The mountains form a roughly circular dome, about 160 miles (260 km) in diameter and about 1 mile (1,600 m) high. The current relief owes much to glaciation.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County, for General Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, thus replacing the name of the hated British governor.

American Revolutionary War War between Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, which won independence as the United States of America

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies in North America which declared independence in July 1776 as the United States of America.

Montgomery County, New York County in New York

Montgomery County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,219. The county seat is Fonda. The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 at the Battle of Quebec.

Richard Montgomery Irish-born soldier in the British Army, later in the American Continental Army

Richard Montgomery was an Irish soldier who first served in the British Army. He later became a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and he is most famous for leading the unsuccessful 1775 invasion of Canada.

In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.

In 1791, Tioga County split off from Montgomery County, along with Herkimer and Otsego Counties. Tioga County was at this time much larger than the present county and included the present Broome and Chemung Counties and parts of Chenango and Schuyler Counties.

In 1798, Tioga County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Chemung County (which also included part of the present Schuyler County) and by the combination of a portion with a portion of Herkimer County to create Chenango County.

In 1806, the present-day Broome County was split off from Tioga County. [2]

Geography

Broome County lies on the south line of New York. Its south border abuts the north border of the state of Pennsylvania. The Susquehanna River flows southward through the eastern part of the county, enters Susquehanna County in Pennsylvania, then re-enters Broome and flows northwestward to meet the Chenango River at Binghamton. The combined flow moves west-southwestward into Tioga County to the west. The West Branch Delaware River flows southward along the lower portion of the county's east border, delineating that portion of the border between Broome and Delaware counties. [3]

The county's western portion is hilly, with wide valleys that accommodate Binghamton and its suburbs. In the northern portion, Interstate 81 traverses a wide glacial valley. The east part of the county is much more rugged, as the land rises to the Catskill Mountains. The terrain generally slopes to the west. [4] The county's highest point is in the northwest of the county, a U.S. National Geodetic Survey benchmark known as Slawson atop an unnamed hill in the Town of Sanford. It is approximately 2087 feet [5] (636 m) above sea level. [6] An area due east on the Delaware County line in Oquaga Creek State Park also lies within the same elevation contour line. The lowest point is 864 feet (263 m) above sea level, along the Susquehanna River, at the Pennsylvania state line.

The county has a total area of 716 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 706 square miles (1,830 km2) is land and 9.7 square miles (25 km2) (1.4%) is water. [7]

Adjacent counties

Protected areas [3]

  • Aqua-Terra Wilderness Area
  • Beaver Flow State Forest (part)
  • Beaver Pond State Forest
  • Cascade Valley State Forest
  • Cat Hollow State Forest
  • Chenango Valley State Park
  • Dorchester County Park
  • Greenwood County Park (part)
  • Hawkins Pond State Forest
  • Marsh Pond State Forest
  • Nathaniel Cole County Park
  • Oquaga Creek State Park (part)
  • Skyline Drive State Forest
  • Triangle State Forest
  • Whitney Point Multiple Use Area (part)
  • Whittacker Swamp State Forest

Lakes [3]

  • Agwaterra Pond
  • Blueberry Lake
  • Deer Lake
  • Fly Pond
  • Hawkins Pond
  • Hust Pond
  • Laurel Lake
  • Nanticoke Lake
  • Oquaga Lake
  • Otselic River
  • Potato Creek
  • Sky Lake
  • Summit Lake

Major highways

Climate

Broome has a warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb) and the hardiness zone is mainly 5b.

Binghamton, New York
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
2.5
 
 
29
16
 
 
2.3
 
 
32
17
 
 
3
 
 
41
25
 
 
3.4
 
 
54
36
 
 
3.6
 
 
66
46
 
 
4.3
 
 
74
55
 
 
3.7
 
 
78
60
 
 
3.5
 
 
77
58
 
 
3.6
 
 
68
51
 
 
3.3
 
 
57
40
 
 
3.3
 
 
45
31
 
 
2.8
 
 
33
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: [8]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1810 8,130
1820 14,34376.4%
1830 17,57922.6%
1840 22,33827.1%
1850 30,66037.3%
1860 35,90617.1%
1870 44,10322.8%
1880 49,48312.2%
1890 62,97327.3%
1900 69,1499.8%
1910 78,80914.0%
1920 113,61044.2%
1930 147,02229.4%
1940 165,74912.7%
1950 184,69811.4%
1960 212,66115.1%
1970 221,8154.3%
1980 213,648−3.7%
1990 212,160−0.7%
2000 200,536−5.5%
2010 200,6000.0%
Est. 2018191,659 [9] −4.5%
US Decennial Census [10]
1790-1960 [11] 1900-1990 [12]
1990-2000 [13] 2010-2013 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States Census, [14] there were 200,536 people, 80,749 households, and 50,225 families in the county. The population density was 284/1/sqmi (109.7/km²). There were 88,817 housing units at an average density of 125.8/sqmi (48.6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.33% White, 3.28% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.79% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. 1.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.1% were of Irish, 13.3% Italian, 12.3% German, 11.6% English, 6.4% American and 5.7% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. [15] 91.4% spoke English, 2.0% Spanish and 1.1% Italian as their first language.

There were 80,749 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.60% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.80% were non-families. 31.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.97.

The county population contained 23.00% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,347, and the median income for a family was $45,422. Males had a median income of $34,426 versus $24,542 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,168. About 8.80% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

For the past few decades, Broome County has been a swing unit. Since 1964 the county has selected Democratic and Republican party candidates at approximately the same rate in national elections (as of 2016). The more recent elections had favored the Democratic candidate, until Donald Trump carried the county in 2016, the first Republican to win the county since Ronald Reagan in 1984.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 47.6%40,94345.6% 39,2126.9% 5,917
2012 46.2% 37,64151.5%41,9702.4% 1,954
2008 45.1% 40,07753.1%47,2041.8% 1,556
2004 47.4% 43,56850.4%46,2812.2% 2,041
2000 42.4% 36,94652.1%45,3815.5% 4,757
1996 36.1% 31,32751.2%44,40712.8% 11,080
1992 34.7% 34,65343.5%43,44421.8% 21,749
1988 49.4% 47,61050.0%48,1300.7% 625
1984 60.5%58,10939.2% 37,6580.3% 322
1980 44.0%39,27541.5% 37,01314.6% 12,992
1976 55.5%50,34043.9% 39,8270.5% 491
1972 59.8%55,73639.9% 37,1540.3% 245
1968 52.5%46,87241.9% 37,4515.6% 4,988
1964 35.2% 32,04864.8%59,0210.1% 70
1960 59.4%56,46740.5% 38,4620.1% 62
1956 74.3%67,02425.7% 23,2170.0% 0
1952 71.4%64,73828.5% 25,8330.1% 119
1948 60.7%43,11036.1% 25,6543.1% 2,222
1944 58.5%44,01341.3% 31,0560.2% 137
1940 57.7%44,01342.1% 32,0920.2% 179
1936 54.7%36,94543.9% 29,7081.4% 950
1932 58.0%32,75140.4% 22,8021.7% 941
1928 65.3%39,86032.0% 19,5632.7% 1,669
1924 67.7%28,26222.3% 9,28910.1% 4,198
1920 69.0%24,75925.8% 9,2515.3% 1,893
1916 53.3%11,44541.5% 8,9065.2% 1,105
1912 43.6%7,94935.8% 6,53320.7% 3,770
1908 58.2%10,70536.2% 6,6715.6% 1,032
1904 59.5%10,85335.6% 6,4804.9% 897
1900 58.0%10,39737.1% 6,6524.9% 877
1896 63.8%10,63032.8% 5,4613.5% 583
1892 52.4%8,25938.3% 6,0409.3% 1,474
1888 53.7%8,40541.2% 6,4475.1% 801
1884 53.0%7,18242.6% 5,7804.4% 602

Broome County's offices are housed in the Edwin L. Crawford County Office Building of Government Plaza located at 60 Hawley Street in Downtown Binghamton.

Executive

Broome County Executives
NamePartyTerm
Edwin L. Crawford Republican 1969–1976
Donald L. McManus Democratic 1977–1980
Carl S. Young Republican 1981–1988
Timothy M. Grippen Democratic 1989–1996
Jeffrey P. Kraham Republican 1997–2004
Barbara J. Fiala Democratic 2005–Apr. 15, 2011
Patrick J. Brennan Democratic Apr. 16, 2011–Dec. 31, 2011
Debra A. Preston Republican Jan. 1, 2012–Dec. 31, 2016
Jason T. Garnar [17] Democratic Jan. 1 2017–

Legislature

The Broome County Legislature consists of 15 members. [18] The 15 legislature members are elected from individual districts. Currently, there are 11 Republicans and 4 Democrats.

Broome County Legislature
DistrictLegislatorTitlePartyResidence
1 Stephen J. FlaggMajority LeaderRepublican Colesville
2 Scott D. BakerRepublican Windsor
3 Kelly F. WildonerRepublican Binghamton
4 Daniel D. ReynoldsDemocratic Vestal
5 Daniel J. ReynoldsChairmanRepublican Vestal
6 Greg W. BaldwinRepublican Endicott
7 Matthew J. PasqualeRepublican Endicott
8 Jason E. ShawRepublican Endwell
9 Ronald J. KeibelRepublican Triangle
10 Cindy O'BrienRepublican Chenango
11 Ron HeebnerRepublican Johnson City
12 Michael P. Sopchak, Jr.Republican Johnson City
13 Robert WeslarDemocratic Binghamton
14 Mary KaminskyDemocratic Binghamton
15 Mark R. WhalenMinority LeaderDemocratic Binghamton

Party affiliation

Voter registration as of April 1, 2018 [19]
PartyActive votersInactive votersTotal votersPercentage
Democratic 42,1214,36146,48237.23%
Republican 41,1722,63543,80735.08%
Unaffiliated21,9962,99124,98720.01%
Other [nb 1] 8,6099819,5907.68%
Total113,89810,968124,866100%

Education

The primary institutes of higher education in Broome County include:

Communities

Map of Broome County, New York showing towns and villages. For map key, click on image. Broome county ny map.png
Map of Broome County, New York showing towns and villages. For map key, click on image.

City

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Hamlets

Notable people

See also

Notes

  1. Included are voters affiliated with the Conservative Party, Green Party, Working Families Party, Independence Party, Women's Equality Party, Reform Party, and other small parties.

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New York State Route 434 highway in New York

New York State Route 434 (NY 434) is a state highway located in the Southern Tier of New York in the United States. The route extends for 20.89 miles (33.62 km) from an intersection with NY 96 in the village of Owego to an intersection with U.S. Route 11 (US 11) in the city of Binghamton. In between, NY 434 passes through the towns of Owego and Vestal. The portion of NY 434 from the Tioga–Broome county line to downtown Binghamton is known as The Vestal Parkway.

New York State Route 17C highway in New York

New York State Route 17C (NY 17C) is a state highway in the Southern Tier of New York in the United States. Its western terminus is at an intersection with NY 34 in Waverly, Tioga County while its eastern terminus is at an intersection with U.S. Route 11 (US 11) in Binghamton, Broome County. The route runs concurrently with NY 96 for a block in Owego and for a few blocks with NY 26 in Endicott.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  2. A Brief History of Broome County (accessed 14 June 2019)
  3. 1 2 3 Broome County NY - Google Maps (accessed 14 June 2019)
  4. Find an Altitude/Broome County NY - Google Maps (accessed 14 June 2019)
  5. "Hiking in Broome County". www.cnyhiking.com.
  6. Another website lists the Benchmark's elevation as 2,080' (634m) ASL: Slawson Benchmark, New York (PeakBagger.com) Accessed 14 June 2019
  7. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  8. "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 2017-02-25.
  9. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  10. "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  11. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  12. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  13. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  14. "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  15. Factfinder.census.gov
  16. Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  17. "County Executive - Jason T. Garnar | broomecountyny". www.gobroomecounty.com. Retrieved 2017-01-30.
  18. "Welcome to the Broome County Legislature - broomecountyny". www.gobroomecounty.com.
  19. "NYSVoter Enrollment by County, Party Affiliation and Status" (PDF). New York State Board of Elections. April 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 30, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
  20. Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
  21. "Ringgold County IAGenWeb Project". iagenweb.org.
  22. History of the City of Binghamton
  23. Life & Times Part 1
  24. Life & Times Part 2

Coordinates: 42°10′N75°49′W / 42.16°N 75.82°W / 42.16; -75.82