Herkimer County, New York

Last updated
Herkimer County
Herkimer County Courthouse Sept 09.jpg
Flag of Herkimer County, New York.jpg
Flag
Seal of Herkimer County, New York.jpg
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Herkimer County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of New York
New York in United States.svg
New York's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°25′N74°58′W / 43.41°N 74.96°W / 43.41; -74.96
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of New York.svg  New York
Founded1791
Named for Nicholas Herkimer
Seat Herkimer
Largest village German Flatts
Area
  Total1,458 sq mi (3,780 km2)
  Land1,411 sq mi (3,650 km2)
  Water46 sq mi (120 km2)  3.2%
Population
 (2010)
  Total64,519
  Density46/sq mi (18/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 21st, 22nd
Website www.herkimercounty.org

Herkimer County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,519. [1] Its county seat is Herkimer. [2] The county was created in 1791 north of the Mohawk River out of part of Montgomery County. It is named after General Nicholas Herkimer, [3] who died from battle wounds in 1777 after taking part in the Battle of Oriskany during the Revolutionary War.

Contents

Herkimer County is part of the Utica–Rome Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

General Nicholas Herkimer, commander at the Battle of Oriskany in 1777 and namesake of Herkimer County American Bicentennial - Battle of Oriskany - 13c 1977 issue U.S. stamp.jpg
General Nicholas Herkimer, commander at the Battle of Oriskany in 1777 and namesake of Herkimer County

In 1791, Herkimer County was created as one of three counties split off from Montgomery (the other two being Otsego and Tioga counties) as New York State was developed after the American Revolutionary War. Its area was much larger than the present county, however, and was reduced subsequently as more counties were organized.

Part of Herkimer County was included in the Macomb's Purchase of 1791, during the wide-scale sale of public lands after the state forced Iroquois tribes allied with the British during the war to cede their territory. Suddenly the state was selling 5 million acres (20,000 km2) of land in upstate, central and western New York.

In 1794, Onondaga County was split off from Herkimer County. This county was larger than the current Onondaga County, and included the present Cayuga, Cortland, and part of Oswego counties.

In 1798, portions of Herkimer and Tioga counties were taken to form Chenango County.

Another part of Herkimer was split off to form Oneida County. It was then larger than the current Oneida County, including the present Jefferson, Lewis, and part of Oswego counties.

In 1802, parts of Herkimer, Clinton and Montgomery counties were combined to form the new St. Lawrence County.

The rural economy was first based on general agriculture and then wheat, but after the opening of the Erie Canal, Herkimer farmers found that they could not compete with grain farmers to the west. By the mid-19th century, they had begun to specialize in dairy farming and created a cheese industry that supplied the New York City market, among others.

By the late 20th and early 21st centuries, some small farmers had begun to revive an artisan cheese industry and sustainable dairy farming here and in other parts of the central state. In 2008 New York had the third-largest milk production in the nation and was fourth-ranking in production of cheese, according to Cornell University. It has several inter-disciplinary programs related to the dairy industry. [4]

During the American Civil War, Herkimer contributed five companies to the 34th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, leading to the unit's nickname "The Herkimer Regiment".

Herkimer County shootings happened in 2013, killing 5 people.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,458 square miles (3,780 km2), of which 1,411 square miles (3,650 km2) is land and 46 square miles (120 km2) (3.2%) is water. [5]

Adjacent counties

Herkimer County is in central New York State, northwest of Albany, and east of Syracuse. The northern part of the county is in the Adirondack Park. The Mohawk River flows across the south part of the county.

Demographics

Herkimer County Treasurer's Office, 108 Court Street in Herkimer County Treasurer's Office, Herkimer, New York.jpg
Herkimer County Treasurer's Office, 108 Court Street in Herkimer
Historical population
CensusPop.
1800 14,479
1810 22,04652.3%
1820 31,01740.7%
1830 35,87015.6%
1840 37,4774.5%
1850 38,2442.0%
1860 40,5616.1%
1870 39,929−1.6%
1880 42,6696.9%
1890 45,6086.9%
1900 51,04911.9%
1910 56,35610.4%
1920 64,96215.3%
1930 64,006−1.5%
1940 59,527−7.0%
1950 61,4073.2%
1960 66,3708.1%
1970 67,6331.9%
1980 66,714−1.4%
1990 65,797−1.4%
2000 64,427−2.1%
2010 64,5190.1%
2018 (est.)61,833 [6] −4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 64,427 people, 25,734 households, and 17,113 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km2). There were 32,026 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.83% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.6% were of Italian, 16.3% German, 13.9% Irish, 9.3% English, 7.7% Polish, 6.2% American and 5.2% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.2% spoke English, 1.2% Spanish and 1.1% Italian as their first language.

There were 25,734 households, out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,924, and the median income for a family was $40,570. Males had a median income of $29,908 versus $21,518 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,141. About 8.90% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results [12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 64.3%18,87033.8% 9,9371.9% 559
2016 63.6%16,69930.8% 8,0835.6% 1,473
2012 53.0%13,28245.0% 11,2731.9% 485
2008 53.8%14,61944.5% 12,0941.7% 471
2004 56.6%16,02441.2% 11,6752.2% 611
2000 51.1%14,14744.1% 12,2244.8% 1,334
1996 37.9% 10,08544.7%11,91017.4% 4,631
1992 40.3%12,05236.3% 10,88023.4% 7,007
1988 53.9%15,10445.3% 12,6940.8% 224
1984 64.4%18,82735.4% 10,3460.3% 85
1980 50.6%14,10541.2% 11,4978.2% 2,286
1976 54.1%15,36245.4% 12,8750.5% 140
1972 67.8%20,19431.9% 9,4870.3% 86
1968 54.9%15,19239.5% 10,9405.5% 1,533
1964 33.5% 10,15966.4%20,1360.1% 22
1960 54.2%17,75845.7% 14,9770.1% 33
1956 71.7%22,24628.3% 8,7890.0% 0
1952 64.3%20,98035.5% 11,5990.2% 70
1948 51.8%14,68844.4% 12,5773.8% 1,073
1944 55.8%15,65644.1% 12,3810.2% 48
1940 57.4%17,59042.5% 13,0130.2% 54
1936 54.7%15,94144.1% 12,8471.2% 341
1932 56.6%15,15841.8% 11,1941.6% 438
1928 62.7%18,62435.9% 10,6541.5% 431
1924 66.3%15,62527.4% 6,4646.3% 1,474
1920 65.3%14,31029.7% 6,5075.1% 1,107
1916 54.4%7,93443.0% 6,2712.6% 375
1912 34.4% 4,66537.7%5,12227.9% 3,793
1908 55.9%8,20240.3% 5,9183.8% 559
1904 56.8%8,31939.8% 5,8273.4% 499
1900 57.8%8,10038.5% 5,4013.7% 521
1896 59.8%8,09637.1% 5,0273.1% 422
1892 49.9%6,21944.4% 5,5265.7% 709
1888 52.9%6,68344.4% 5,6112.7% 346
1884 51.8%6,13845.0% 5,3293.2% 384

The Herkimer County Legislature consists of 17 members, each elected from single-member districts.

Herkimer County is one of the most politically conservative counties in New York. In 2010, it was one of the few counties outside of Western New York to vote for Carl Paladino over Andrew Cuomo in the gubernatorial election.

The northern part of the county lies within New York's 21st congressional district, presently held by Republican Elise Stefanik. The southern part lies within New York's 22nd congressional district, presently held by Republican Claudia Tenney.

Economy

Herkimer County is known for producing unusual clear, doubly terminated quartz crystals, marketed as Herkimer diamonds.

Ilion in Herkimer County has one of two production sites of the Remington Arms Company, where many of the company's firearms are produced.

Education

Herkimer County Community College is located in the Village of Herkimer.

Tourism

Herkimer County Historical Society gives tours of the Herkimer County Jail, an old jail from the 19th century.

Transportation

Airport

The following public use airport is located in the county: [13]

Rail

Passenger rail service by Amtrak is available at Utica, nearby to the west of the county. Up to the latter 1950s, New York Central Railroad trains such as the North Shore Limited (New York-Chicago) made stops at Little Falls. [14] Until 1965, the New York Central operated passenger trains through Thendara in the upper part of the county. [15] [16]

Roads

Interstate 90, as part of the New York State Thruway, runs east–west through the lower part of the county, as does New York State Route 5. State Route 28 runs north–south through the county.

Communities

City

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Hamlets

See also

Related Research Articles

Montgomery County, New York County in New York

Montgomery County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,219. The county seat is Fonda. The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 at the Battle of Quebec.

Madison County, New York County in New York

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 73,442. Its county seat is Wampsville. The county is named after James Madison, fourth President of the United States of America, and was first formed in 1806.

Oneida County, New York County in New York

Oneida County is a county in the state of New York, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 234,878. The county seat is Utica. The name is in honor of the Oneida, one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois League or Haudenosaunee, which had long occupied this territory at the time of European encounter and colonization. The federally recognized Oneida Indian Nation has had a reservation in the region since the late 18th century, after the American Revolutionary War.

Oswego County, New York County in New York

Oswego County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 122,109. The county seat is Oswego. The county name is from a Mohawk language word meaning "the pouring out place", referring to the point at which the Oswego River feeds into Lake Ontario at the northern edge of the county in the city of Oswego.

Otsego County, New York County in New York

Otsego County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 62,259. The county seat is Cooperstown. The name Otsego is from a Mohawk or Oneida word meaning "place of the rock."

St. Lawrence County, New York County in New York

St. Lawrence County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 111,944. The county seat is Canton. The county is named for the Saint Lawrence River, which in turn was named for the Christian saint Lawrence of Rome, on whose Feast day the river was visited by French explorer Jacques Cartier.

Danube, New York Town in New York, United States

Danube is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 1,039 at the 2010 census. Early Palatine German immigrants in the eighteenth century named the town after the Danube River in Europe.

German Flatts, New York Town in New York, United States

German Flatts is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 13,258 at the 2010 census.

Ilion, New York Village in New York, United States

Ilion is a village in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 7,790 at the 2017 census.

Manheim, New York Town in New York, United States

Manheim is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 3,334 at the 2010 census. The town name is derived from Mannheim in Baden, Germany.

Mohawk, Herkimer County, New York Village in New York, United States

Mohawk is a village in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 2,731 at the 2010 census. The village was named after the adjacent Mohawk River.

Norway, New York Town in New York, United States

Norway is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 762 at the 2010 census. The town is located in the central part of the county and is northeast of Utica.

Schuyler, New York Town in New York, United States

Schuyler is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 3,420 at the 2010 census. The town is in the western part of Herkimer County and is east of Utica.

Minden, New York Town in New York, United States

Minden is a town in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 4,297 at the 2010 census. The town is located at the western edge of the county and south of the Mohawk River, which forms its northern border. It has possessed a post office from 1802 to 1903.

Frankfort (village), New York Village in New York, United States

Frankfort is a village in the town of Frankfort, Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 2,598 at the 2010 census, out of 7,636 people in the entire town. Like the town, the village is named after an early settler, Lawrence (Lewis) Frank.

Frankfort (town), New York Town in New York, United States

Frankfort is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The town is named after one of its earliest settlers, Lawrence (Lewis) Frank. The town of Frankfort includes a village, also called Frankfort. Frankfort is located east of Utica, and the Erie Canal passes along its north border. At the time of the 2010 census, the population was 7,636.

Herkimer (town), New York Town in New York, United States

Herkimer is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States, southeast of Utica. It is named after Nicholas Herkimer. The population was 10,175 at the 2010 census.

Newport, New York Town in New York, United States

Newport is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 2,302 at the 2010 census. The town, located on the western edge of the county, contains the village of Newport. The town is northeast of Utica.

Mohawk Valley region Six-county region in New York, United States

The Mohawk Valley region of the U.S. state of New York is the area surrounding the Mohawk River, sandwiched between the Adirondack Mountains and Catskill Mountains. As of the 2010 United States Census, the region's counties have a combined population of 622,133 people. In addition to the Mohawk River valley, the region contains portions of other major watersheds such as the Susquehanna River.

Utica–Rome Metropolitan Statistical Area Metropolitan area in New York, United States

The Utica–Rome Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of two counties in central New York, anchored by the cities of Utica and Rome. As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 299,397.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  155.
  4. Thomas R. Overton, "The New York Dairy Industry and Cornell" Archived 2016-10-11 at the Wayback Machine , CCE Tompkins
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  9. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  11. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  13. Herkimer County Public and Private Airports, New York Archived 2011-10-19 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  14. "New York Central System, Tables 11, 12". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 90 (7). December 1957.
  15. New York Central timetable, October 1964, Table 8, last timetable showing service
  16. Gove, William. 'Logging Railroads in the Adirondacks,' Syracuse, NY: 2006, p. 71.

Further reading

Coordinates: 43°25′N74°58′W / 43.41°N 74.96°W / 43.41; -74.96