Montgomery County, New York

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Montgomery County
House in Amsterdam, NY crop.jpg
Flag of Montgomery County, New York.jpg
Flag
Montgomery County Seal.gif
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Montgomery County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of New York
New York in United States.svg
New York's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°55′N74°26′W / 42.91°N 74.44°W / 42.91; -74.44
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of New York.svg  New York
FoundedMarch 12, 1772
Named for Richard Montgomery
Seat Fonda
Largest city Amsterdam
Area
  Total410 sq mi (1,100 km2)
  Land403 sq mi (1,040 km2)
  Water7.3 sq mi (19 km2)  1.8%%
Population
 (2010)
  Total50,219
  Density125/sq mi (48/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 19th, 20th
Website www.co.montgomery.ny.us

Montgomery County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,219. [1] The county seat is Fonda. [2] The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 at the Battle of Quebec.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, a county is an administrative or political subdivision of a state that consists of a geographic region with specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs, respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

New York (state) American state

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.

Contents

Historically occupied by the Mohawk people, one of the original Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, the county was created in 1772 during the period of British colonial rule as Tryon County. In 1784, after the Americans gained independence in the War, it was renamed Montgomery County for one of the heroes. [3]

Mohawk people Indigenous tribe from North America

The Mohawk people are the most easterly tribe of the Haudenosaunee, or Iroquois Confederacy. They are an Iroquoian-speaking indigenous people of North America, with communities in northern New York State and southeastern Canada, primarily around Lake Ontario and the St Lawrence River. As one of the five original members of the Iroquois League, the Mohawk are known as the Keepers of the Eastern Door - the traditional guardians of the Iroquois Confederation against invasions from the east.

Tryon County, New York county of the Province of New York

Tryon County was a county in the colonial Province of New York in the British American colonies. It was created from Albany County on March 24, 1772, and was named for William Tryon, the last provincial governor of New York. The county's boundaries extended much further than any current county. Its eastern boundary with the also-new Charlotte County ran "from the Mohawk River to the Canada line, at a point near the old village of St. Regis and passing south to the Mohawk between Schenectady and Albany." It extended north to the St. Lawrence River; its western boundary was the Treaty of Fort Stanwix's Line of Property, following the Unadilla River, Oneida Lake, Onondaga River and Oswego River to Lake Ontario, as the Iroquois Confederacy still controlled locations further west in the Indian Reserve. Tryon County's seat was Johnstown, which is today the county seat of Fulton County. The Tryon County Courthouse, built in 1772–1773, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. The Tryon County Jail, also built in 1772–1773, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981.

Montgomery County comprises the Amsterdam, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county borders the north and south banks of the Mohawk River.

Amsterdam (city), New York City in New York, United States

Amsterdam is a city in Montgomery County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 18,620. The city is named for Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

Mohawk River river in New York state, United States

The Mohawk River is a 149-mile-long (240 km) river in the U.S. state of New York. It is the largest tributary of the Hudson River. The Mohawk flows into the Hudson in Cohoes, New York, a few miles north of the city of Albany. The river is named for the Mohawk Nation of the Iroquois Confederacy. It is a major waterway in north-central New York. The largest tributary, the Schoharie Creek, accounts for over one quarter (26.83%) of the Mohawk River's watershed. Another main tributary is the West Canada Creek which makes up for 16.33% of the Mohawks watershed.

History

Major general Richard Montgomery, namesake of Montgomery County Chappel Montgomery full length.jpg
Major general Richard Montgomery, namesake of Montgomery County

This area was occupied by the Mohawk for hundreds of years prior to European colonization. Many warriors allied with the British during the war. When the British lost, they ceded all the Iroquois territory of the Six Nations (the Tuscarora had joined the confederacy in the 18th century) to the United States, without consulting the tribes or bringing them into negotiation.

In 1784, following end of the American Revolutionary War, the European-American settlers renamed Tryon County as Montgomery County. This change was to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died in 1775 attempting to capture the city of Quebec during the Revolutionary War. It replaced the name that formerly honored the last provincial governor of New York.

American Revolutionary War War between Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, which won independence as the United States of America

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence in 1776 as the United States of America, and then formed a military alliance with France in 1778.

Richard Montgomery Irish-born soldier in the British Army, later in the American Continental Army

Richard Montgomery was an Irish soldier who first served in the British Army. He later became a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and he is most famous for leading the unsuccessful 1775 invasion of Canada.

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery. The area of the new county was much larger than the present Ontario County, as it included the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties.

Ontario County, New York County in New York

Ontario County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,931. The county seat is Canandaigua.

Allegany County, New York County in New York

Allegany County is a county in the southern tier of the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 48,946. Its county seat is Belmont. Its name derives from a Lenape word, applied by European-American settlers of Western New York State to a trail that followed the Allegheny River; they also named the county after this.

Cattaraugus County, New York County in New York

Cattaraugus County is a county in the western part of the U.S. state of New York, with one side bordering Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 80,317. The county seat is Little Valley. The county was created in 1808 and later organized in 1817.

In 1791, Herkimer, Otsego, and Tioga counties were split off from Montgomery.

In 1802, portions of Clinton, Herkimer, and Montgomery counties were combined to form St. Lawrence County.

In 1816, Hamilton County was split off from Montgomery.

In 1838, Fulton County was split off from Montgomery.

In 2012, Montgomery County voters approved a charter for government, making it the 21st county in New York state to do so. In 2013, Matthew L. Ossenfort was elected at-large as the first County Executive in the county's history. Ossenfort took office in 2014, the same year the charter went into effect. Under the terms of the charter, the Board of Supervisors was replaced by a nine-member County Legislature, with members elected from single-member districts. Thomas L. Quackenbush, one of the members, was elected as the first Chairman of the new legislative body, which will be a circulating position.

Congressional districts

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 410 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 403 square miles (1,040 km2) is land and 7.3 square miles (19 km2) (1.8%) is water. [4]

Montgomery County is located in the central part of the state, west of the city of Schenectady and northwest of Albany.

Adjacent counties

The Erie Canal runs through Montgomery County parallel to the Mohawk River, connecting to the Wood River to the west, which leads to Lake Ontario. Overall, the canal connected Great Lakes shipping with the Hudson River and the port of New York on the Atlantic Ocean. Several towns and villages developed along the canal, as it carried much trade and passenger traffic during its peak years. After the railroad was built through the state, along the same river plain, it superseded the canal, which was filled in some areas.

At the time of the canal's construction, Montgomery County was the only place where there was a break in the Appalachian Mountains. Called 'The Noses' because of canal construction, it became known as "the gateway to the West". In the mid-twentieth century, the NYS Thruway was constructed parallel to the former east-west routes of the canal and railroad. Today the Erie Canal and its lock system is used primarily for recreational boat use among locals and tourists.

Montgomery County is located in the heart of the state's Mohawk Valley region. Foothills of the Catskill Mountains dot the southern part of the county, while foothills of the Adirondack Mountains dot the north.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 28,848
1800 22,051−23.6%
1810 41,21486.9%
1820 37,569−8.8%
1830 43,71516.4%
1840 35,818−18.1%
1850 31,992−10.7%
1860 30,866−3.5%
1870 34,45711.6%
1880 38,31511.2%
1890 45,69919.3%
1900 47,4883.9%
1910 57,56721.2%
1920 57,9280.6%
1930 60,0763.7%
1940 59,142−1.6%
1950 59,5940.8%
1960 57,240−4.0%
1970 55,883−2.4%
1980 53,439−4.4%
1990 51,981−2.7%
2000 49,708−4.4%
2010 50,2191.0%
Est. 201649,276 [5] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2013 [1]
Montgomery County population distribution by age and sex (2000 census) USA Montgomery County, New York age pyramid.svg
Montgomery County population distribution by age and sex (2000 census)

As of the census [10] of 2010, there were 50,208 people, 20,073 households, and 13,131 families residing in the county. The population density was 123 people per square mile (47/km²). There were 22,522 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile (21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.87% (83.8% Non-Hispanic; 9.07 White Hispanic) White, 1.15% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.92% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.91% of the population. 19.0% identified as being of Italian, 15.9% German, 13.5% Polish, 9.8% Puerto Rican 9.1% Irish, 7.9% American and 6.4% English ancestry, according to Census 2010. 86.8% spoke English, 9.3% Spanish,1.8% Italian, and 1.1% Polish as their first language.

There were 20,038 households out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.00% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.60% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,128, and the median income for a family was $40,688. Males had a median income of $31,818 versus $23,359 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,005. About 9.00% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.80% of those under age 18 and 9.89% of those age 65 or over.

Politics and government

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results [11]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 59.3%11,30134.6% 6,5956.1% 1,158
2012 51.3%9,33446.7% 8,4932.0% 359
2008 53.1%10,71145.0% 9,0801.9% 384
2004 53.4%11,33844.5% 9,4492.1% 434
2000 46.9% 9,76549.3%10,2493.8% 795
1996 33.9% 7,17249.5%10,48516.6% 3,509
1992 37.6% 8,80240.6%9,50921.9% 5,132
1988 49.1% 11,12850.1%11,3710.8% 186
1984 61.2%14,39838.5% 9,0440.3% 78
1980 49.5%11,91740.0% 9,64510.5% 2,524
1976 53.7%13,28145.6% 11,2710.7% 182
1972 63.6%16,64036.2% 9,4600.3% 71
1968 49.8%12,56645.3% 11,4494.9% 1,242
1964 30.4% 8,47169.5%19,3700.1% 20
1960 48.1% 14,83751.8%15,9760.1% 14
1956 67.4%20,67832.6% 9,996
1952 60.1%19,55439.8% 12,9340.1% 31
1948 48.9%14,21248.5% 14,0852.6% 767
1944 50.5%14,72649.3% 14,4000.2% 63
1940 50.7%15,54649.2% 15,0790.1% 34
1936 48.5% 14,12750.4%14,6981.1% 314
1932 54.1%14,10444.9% 11,7001.0% 272
1928 60.3%15,25738.9% 9,8450.8% 207
1924 63.2%12,86929.2% 5,9397.6% 1,554
1920 66.1%12,83530.4% 5,9113.5% 679
1916 54.6%6,70443.5% 5,3471.9% 234
1912 42.0%5,04037.6% 4,50820.4% 2,451
1908 57.0%7,57139.6% 5,2543.4% 453
1904 57.3%7,44440.1% 5,2092.6% 340
1900 57.4%7,30240.4% 5,1382.3% 292
1896 58.4%7,08239.2% 4,7592.4% 288
1892 48.4%5,72746.0% 5,4455.6% 665
1888 52.2%6,36546.5% 5,6771.3% 156
1884 49.6%5,50548.8% 5,4131.6% 182

Western Montgomery County lies in New York's 19th Congressional District, while the Eastern half lies in New York's 20th Congressional District, the latter of which is represented in Congress by Paul Tonko, a lifelong resident of Amsterdam. While Democrats have been elected to local office, Republican candidates have a +5 margin in Presidential elections.

In 2012, voters approved a county charter under New York's municipal home rule law which established an independent county executive to head its executive branch and replacing the board of supervisors with a nine-seat county legislature. [12] Elections were held the next year and the county began operating under this charter on January 1, 2014.

County executives
NamePartyTerm
Matthew L. Ossenfort Republican January 1, 2014 – present

Communities

City

Towns

Villages

Census-designated place

Hamlet

Notable people

See also

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Florida, Montgomery County, New York Town in New York, United States

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Fonda, New York Village in New York, United States

Fonda is a village in and the county seat of Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 795 at the 2010 census. The village is named after Douw Fonda, a Dutch-American settler who was scalped in 1780 during a Mohawk raid in the Revolutionary War, when they were allied with the British.

Fort Plain, New York Village in the United States

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Fultonville, New York Village in New York, United States

Fultonville is a village in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 784 at the 2010 census. The village is named after Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat.

Minden, New York Town in New York, United States

Minden is a town in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 4,297 at the 2010 census. The town is located at the western edge of the county and south of the Mohawk River, which forms its northern border. It has possessed a post office from 1802 to 1903.

Mohawk, Montgomery County, New York Town in New York, United States

Mohawk is a town in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 3,844 at the 2010 census.

Herkimer (village), New York Village in New York, United States

Herkimer is a village on the north side of the Mohawk River and the county seat of Herkimer County, New York, United States, about 15 miles (24 km) southeast of Utica. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 7,743. It was part of the Burnetsfield Patent and the first European-American settlement this far west in the Mohawk Valley.

Little Falls (town), New York Town in New York, United States

Little Falls is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 1,587 at the 2010 census. The town is named after falls and rapids on the Mohawk River nearby.

Amsterdam (town), New York Town in New York, United States

Amsterdam is a town in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 5,566 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands.

Canajoharie (village), New York Village in New York, United States

Canajoharie is a village in the Town of Canajoharie in Montgomery County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the village had a population of 2,229. The name is said to be a Mohawk language term meaning "the pot that washes itself," referring to the "Canajoharie Boiling Pot," a circular gorge in the Canajoharie Creek, just south of the village.

Canajoharie, New York Town in New York, United States

Canajoharie is a town in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 3,730 at the 2010 census. Canajoharie is located south of the Mohawk River on the south border of the county. The Erie Canal passes along the north town line. There is also a village of Canajoharie in the town. Both are east of Utica and west of Amsterdam.

St. Johnsville (village), New York Village in New York, United States

St. Johnsville is a village in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 1,732 at the 2010 census. Accounts vary as to what the name is derived from, but most accounts credit Alexander St. John, an early surveyor and commissioner, and still others credit an early name for the area, St. John's Church.

St. Johnsville, New York Town in New York, United States

St. Johnsville is a town in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 2,631 at the 2010 census. Accounts vary as to the naming of St. Johnsville, but most of them state that the town and its village are named after an early surveyor and commissioner, Alexander St. John. Still others credit the naming of St. Johnsville to a former name for the area, St. John's Church.

Mohawk Valley region Six-county region in New York, United States

The Mohawk Valley region of the U.S. state of New York is the area surrounding the Mohawk River, sandwiched between the Adirondack Mountains and Catskill Mountains. As of the 2010 United States Census, the region's counties have a combined population of 622,133 people. In addition to the Mohawk River valley, the region contains portions of other major watersheds such as the Susquehanna River.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "New York: Individual County Chronologies". New York Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  8. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-10-23.
  12. "Montgomery County Charter Commission". Fonda, New York: Montgomery County Charter Commission.

Coordinates: 42°55′N74°26′W / 42.91°N 74.44°W / 42.91; -74.44