1956 United States presidential election in New York

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1956 United States presidential election in New York
Flag of New York (1909-2020).svg
  1952 November 6, 1956 1960  
Turnout67.9% [1] Decrease2.svg 3.3 pp
  Dwight David Eisenhower 1952 crop.jpg CAC CC 001 18 6 0000 0519.jpg
Nominee Dwight D. Eisenhower Adlai Stevenson
Party Republican Democratic
Alliance Liberal
Home state Pennsylvania [lower-alpha 1] [2] Illinois
Running mate Richard Nixon Estes Kefauver
Electoral vote450
Popular vote4,345,5062,747,944
Percentage61.24%38.73%

New York Presidential Election Results 1956.svg
County Results

President before election

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican

Elected President

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican

The 1956 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 6, 1956. All contemporary 48 states were part of the 1956 United States presidential election. Voters chose 45 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

Contents

New York was won by incumbent Republican President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who was running against former Democratic Governor of Illinois Adlai Stevenson. Eisenhower ran with incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, and Stevenson ran with Tennessee Senator, and principal opponent during the 1956 Democratic Primaries, Estes Kefauver.

Eisenhower received 61.24% of the vote to Stevenson's 38.73%, a margin of 22.51%. Eisenhower won 4.3 million votes, the most ever received by a Republican presidential candidate in the state's history.

New York weighed in for this election as eight percentage points more Republican than the national average. This election was very much of a re-match from the previous presidential election 4 years earlier, which featured the same major candidates except for John Sparkman being replaced as Stevenson’s running mate by Kefauver.

The presidential election of 1956 was a very partisan election for New York, with 99.8% of the electorate voting for either the Democratic Party or the Republican Party. [3] The widely popular Eisenhower took every county in the State of New York outside of New York City, dominating upstate by landslide margins and also sweeping suburban areas around NYC. Stevenson narrowly won New York City overall by carrying the boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, and the Bronx, while Eisenhower won Queens and Staten Island.

Eisenhower won the election in New York by a 22-point landslide. The presidential election of 1956 is one of the final elections in American politics featuring a Democratic stronghold in the former slave states. This was also one of the first elections in New York (and nationally) where most campaign finance went to television ads. [4] Stevenson campaigned on a platform of expansion of government social programs founded under former President Franklin D. Roosevelt, scaling back the Cold War with the Soviet Union, and ending the U.S. draft, seeking an 'all volunteer armed forces.' [5] While Stevenson's policies were largely popular with many people living in the United States at the time, Eisenhower's post World War II star-power and strong stance against peace-talks with the Soviet Union, won him a landslide victory across the United States, including in New York.

Eisenhower had first won election to the White House in 1952 as a war hero, a political outsider, and a moderate Republican who pledged to protect and support popular New Deal Democratic policies, finally ending 20 years of Democratic control of the White House. Once in office, Eisenhower governed as a moderate progressive, approving infrastructure spending projects like the Interstate Highway System and supporting high tax rates on the rich, as well as taking a progressive stand on issues related to the Civil Rights Movement. Thus Eisenhower was able to win over many more normally Democratic-leaning liberal and moderate voters in the Northeast than he already had in 1952, and thus every Northeastern state swung in his favor in 1956, including New York.

1956 was the last election in which a Republican presidential candidate took more than sixty percent of the vote in New York State and won the state by more than twenty points against his Democratic opponent, as well as the last election in which New York State was more Republican than the national average. [6]

Results

1956 United States presidential election in New York
PartyCandidateVotesPercentageElectoral votes
Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower 4,345,50661.24%45
Democratic Adlai Stevenson2,455,45734.60%
Liberal Adlai Stevenson292,4874.12%
Total Adlai Stevenson 2,747,94438.73%0
Write-ins2,5210.02%0
Totals7,095,971100.0%45

Results by county

CountyDwight David Eisenhower
Republican
Adlai Stevenson II
Democratic/Liberal
Various candidates
Write-ins
MarginTotal votes cast
# %# %# %# %
Albany 86,20256.64%65,98243.35%90.01%20,22013.29%152,193
Allegany 16,06881.41%3,66818.59%12,40062.83%19,736
Bronx 257,38242.78%343,82357.15%3830.06%-86,441-14.37%601,588
Broome 67,02474.27%23,21725.73%43,80748.54%90,241
Cattaraugus 25,28272.45%9,61327.55%15,66944.90%34,895
Cayuga 26,50372.07%10,26827.92%40.01%16,23544.15%36,775
Chautauqua 44,14968.52%20,26931.46%140.02%23,88037.06%64,432
Chemung 33,27074.16%11,59225.84%21,67848.32%44,862
Chenango 16,31481.09%3,80418.91%12,51062.18%20,118
Clinton 16,29570.45%6,83329.54%20.01%9,46240.91%23,130
Columbia 19,00479.17%4,99920.83%14,00558.35%24,003
Cortland 14,08579.59%3,61220.41%10,47359.18%17,697
Delaware 17,36481.91%3,83518.09%13,52963.82%21,199
Dutchess 53,84078.34%14,87621.65%80.01%38,96456.70%68,724
Erie 292,65763.67%166,93036.32%620.01%125,72727.35%459,649
Essex 13,93082.11%3,03517.89%10,89564.22%16,965
Franklin 13,00371.33%5,22628.67%7,77742.66%18,229
Fulton 18,24474.17%6,35225.83%11,89248.35%24,596
Genesee 17,61474.64%5,98625.36%11,62849.27%23,600
Greene 14,26278.91%3,81121.09%10,45157.83%18,073
Hamilton 2,61984.78%47015.22%2,14969.57%3,089
Herkimer 22,24671.68%8,78928.32%13,45743.36%31,035
Jefferson 28,42974.06%9,95925.94%10.00%18,47048.11%38,389
Kings 460,45645.21%557,65554.75%3680.04%-97,199-9.54%1,018,479
Lewis 7,76475.38%2,53624.62%5,22850.76%10,300
Livingston 15,52375.67%4,98924.32%10.00%10,53451.35%20,513
Madison 18,55579.09%4,90320.90%40.02%13,65258.19%23,462
Monroe 183,74766.83%91,16133.16%230.01%92,58633.68%274,931
Montgomery 20,67867.39%9,99632.58%110.04%10,68234.81%30,685
Nassau 372,35869.02%166,64630.89%4590.09%205,71238.13%539,463
New York 300,00444.23%377,85655.70%4570.07%-77,852-11.48%678,317
Niagara 62,43367.43%30,16132.57%32,27234.85%92,594
Oneida 80,17869.83%34,64930.17%45,52939.65%114,827
Onondaga 137,85273.42%49,91826.58%87,93446.83%187,770
Ontario 22,31774.29%7,71925.69%50.02%14,59848.59%30,041
Orange 57,73977.51%16,72222.45%290.04%41,01755.06%74,490
Orleans 11,89577.45%3,46422.55%8,43154.89%15,359
Oswego 29,27776.87%8,80923.13%20,46853.74%38,086
Otsego 19,48477.54%5,64422.46%13,84055.08%25,128
Putnam 12,89873.26%4,69426.66%130.07%8,20446.60%17,605
Queens 471,22359.86%315,89840.13%1440.02%147,33418.77%787,265
Rensselaer 55,18672.90%20,51627.10%34,67045.80%75,702
Richmond 64,23376.53%19,64423.40%590.07%44,58953.12%83,936
Rockland 34,04971.02%13,88128.95%100.02%20,16842.07%47,940
Saratoga 32,52277.68%9,33822.30%60.01%23,18455.38%41,866
Schenectady 58,54072.96%21,67327.01%220.03%36,86745.95%80,235
Schoharie 8,85173.28%3,22726.72%5,62446.56%12,078
Schuyler 5,79578.23%1,61321.77%4,18256.45%7,408
Seneca 10,41774.20%3,62325.80%6,79448.39%14,040
St. Lawrence 31,89774.54%10,89225.46%21,00549.09%42,789
Steuben 33,90278.22%9,44021.78%24,46256.44%43,342
Suffolk 167,80577.60%48,32322.35%1040.05%119,48255.26%216,232
Sullivan 15,84563.94%8,93736.06%6,90827.88%24,782
Tioga 11,95878.94%3,18821.04%30.02%8,77057.89%15,149
Tompkins 19,74978.29%5,47521.71%14,27456.59%25,224
Ulster 43,03476.36%13,32123.64%50.01%29,71352.72%56,360
Warren 17,85282.08%3,89717.92%13,95564.16%21,749
Washington 18,44979.30%4,81720.70%13,63258.59%23,266
Wayne 22,94079.51%5,91020.49%17,03059.03%28,850
Westchester 271,90672.11%104,85727.81%3150.08%167,04944.30%377,078
Wyoming 12,49978.63%3,39721.37%9,10257.26%15,896
Yates 7,91083.12%1,60616.88%6,30466.25%9,516
Totals4,345,50661.24%2,747,94438.73%2,5210.04%1,597,56222.51%7,095,971

See also

Notes

  1. Although he was born in Texas and grew up in Kansas before his military career, at the time of the 1952 election Eisenhower was president of Columbia University and was, officially, a resident of New York. During his first term as president, he moved his private residence to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and officially changed his residency to Pennsylvania.

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References

  1. Bicentennial Edition: Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, part 2, p. 1072.
  2. "The Presidents". David Leip. Retrieved September 27, 2017. Eisenhower's home state for the 1956 Election was Pennsylvania
  3. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
  4. Emmet John Hughes, "52,000,000 TV Sets-How Many Votes?" The New York Times, September 25, 1960, SM23
  5. John Lewis Gaddis, The Cold War: A New History (2006) pp 129-30
  6. Counting the Votes; New York [ permanent dead link ]