Clinton County, New York

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Clinton County
Clinton-platts ch complex.jpg
Flag of Clinton County, New York.jpg
Flag
Clinton County, New York seal.png
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Clinton County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of New York
New York in United States.svg
New York's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°44′N73°41′W / 44.74°N 73.68°W / 44.74; -73.68
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of New York.svg  New York
Founded1788
Named for George Clinton
Seat Plattsburgh
Largest cityPlattsburgh
Area
  Total1,117.53 sq mi (2,894.4 km2)
  Land1,037.85 sq mi (2,688.0 km2)
  Water80 sq mi (200 km2)  7.1%
Population
 (2010)
  Total82,128
  Density79.1/sq mi (30.5/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 21st
Website www.clintoncountygov.com

Clinton County is a county in the north-easternmost corner of the state of New York, in the United States and bordered by the Canada province of Quebec. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 82,128. [1] Its county seat is the city of Plattsburgh. [2] The county lies just south of the border with the Canadian province of Quebec and to the west of the State of Vermont.

Contents

The county is named for George Clinton, the first Governor of New York, who later was elected as Vice President. He had been a Founding Father who represented New York in the Continental Congress.

Clinton County comprises the Plattsburgh, New York Micropolitan statistical area.

History

George Clinton, namesake of Clinton County. First Governor of New York, Vice President under Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, and representative of New York in the Continental Congress George Clinton, governor of New York (portrait by Ezra Ames).png
George Clinton, namesake of Clinton County. First Governor of New York, Vice President under Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, and representative of New York in the Continental Congress

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Clinton County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present state of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Charlotte County, contained the eastern portion.

In 1784, the name "Charlotte County" was changed to Washington County to honor George Washington, the American Revolutionary War General and later the first President of the United States of America.

In 1788, Clinton County split off from Washington County.

In 1799, Essex County split from Clinton County.

In 1802, parts of Clinton, Herkimer, and Montgomery counties formed the new St. Lawrence County.

In 1808, Franklin County split from Clinton County. [ citation needed ]

Geography

Clinton County lies at the northeast corner of New York state. Its northern border abuts the Canadian province of Quebec. Its eastern border abuts the state of Vermont (across Lake Champlain). The encompassing region is referred to as the Adirondack Coast. [3]

The Saranac River flows easterly through the central part of the county, discharging into Lake Champlain at Plattsburgh, and the Great Chazy River flows northeastward through the upper part of the county, discharging into Lake Champlain at Coopersville. The Ausable River forms a large part of the southern county line. [4] The county's highest point is Lyon Mountain, in the town of Dannemora, at 3,830' (1167m) ASL. [5] According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,117.53 square miles (2,894.4 km2), of which 1,037.85 square miles (2,688.0 km2) is land and 79.67 square miles (206.3 km2) (7.1%) is water. [6]

Adjacent counties and municipalities

Protected areas

Lakes

  • Chazy Lake [4]
  • Fern Lake
  • Lake Champlain (along east border)
  • Mead Reservoir
  • Military Pond
  • Miner Lake
  • Mud Pond
  • Newberry Pond
  • Patterson Reservoir
  • Silver Lake
  • Slush Pond
  • Taylor Pond
  • Union Falls Pond (part)
  • Upper Chateaugay Lake

Government and politics

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results [8]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 46.5% 16,51451.7%18,3641.8% 620
2016 45.0% 14,44946.9%15,0598.1% 2,597
2012 36.3% 11,11561.9%18,9611.9% 580
2008 37.7% 12,57960.6%20,2161.6% 542
2004 45.4% 15,33052.2%17,6242.3% 782
2000 43.4% 13,27450.9%15,5425.7% 1,743
1996 33.6% 9,75953.0%15,38613.5% 3,915
1992 42.1%13,45540.3% 12,88117.7% 5,652
1988 55.0%15,70244.4% 12,6700.7% 191
1984 64.2%19,54935.5% 10,8040.3% 90
1980 48.8%13,12042.8% 11,4988.5% 2,272
1976 56.9%15,43342.6% 11,5550.4% 115
1972 63.6%17,04836.2% 9,7030.2% 53
1968 51.6%11,95143.8% 10,1534.6% 1,064
1964 24.8% 6,07875.1%18,3980.1% 16
1960 44.7% 11,15455.2%13,7820.1% 15
1956 70.5%16,29529.5% 6,8330.0% 0
1952 64.5%14,53535.3% 7,9630.2% 37
1948 49.1%9,69447.4% 9,3573.6% 704
1944 46.7% 8,77553.2%9,9960.2% 35
1940 47.6% 10,36952.2%11,3780.2% 53
1936 48.9% 10,52150.6%10,8980.6% 119
1932 42.7% 8,26356.9%11,0270.4% 75
1928 41.7% 7,82458.0%10,8880.3% 59
1924 57.8%7,91837.5% 5,1384.7% 642
1920 67.7%9,06230.7% 4,1101.6% 213
1916 53.7%4,98644.5% 4,1301.9% 172
1912 44.7%3,90338.1% 3,32317.2% 1,497
1908 55.5%5,47439.2% 3,8665.2% 516
1904 59.1%6,32737.2% 3,9883.7% 397
1900 58.8%6,32639.9% 4,2871.3% 143
1896 65.4%6,00533.5% 3,0741.2% 110
1892 50.6%5,13547.0% 4,7732.4% 241
1888 56.7%6,27142.7% 4,7240.6% 61
1884 53.4%5,97346.1% 5,1510.5% 54

Like much of the North Country region, Clinton County has historically been a Republican county. However, it has voted for Democratic candidates at the state and national level in recent times. Since 1996, it has voted for the Democratic candidate for president in every election. In the 2008 U.S. presidential election, Barack Obama carried the county by a 22.9% margin over John McCain (Obama won every municipality in the county), and won by a 26.9% margin over McCain statewide. [9] In 2006, both Eliot Spitzer and Hillary Clinton carried the county, winning 63% and 64% of vote, respectively. In 2010, Governor Andrew Cuomo, and Senators Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand won the county, each receiving more than 60% of the vote.

Republicans still win most local races. The county's Congressional district did not elect a Democrat to Congress until 2009 when Bill Owens defeated Doug Hoffman in the special election to replace John McHugh, who resigned to serve as the Obama Administration's Secretary of the Army. The special election received nationwide attention due to Hoffman, a third-party candidate and Tea Party favorite, polling higher than the Republican nominee, Dede Scozzafava, which ultimately led to her dropping out of the race and supporting Owens. It had not elected a Democrat to the State Senate or State Assembly in over a half-century until Billy Jones was elected to the State Assembly.

The Clinton County Legislature is the lawmaking body of the county. It consists of 10 members, each elected from single member districts. [10] As of 2021, the County Legislature consists of five Republicans and four Democrats and a vacancy. [11]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 1,615
1800 8,514427.2%
1810 8,002−6.0%
1820 12,07050.8%
1830 19,34460.3%
1840 28,15745.6%
1850 40,04742.2%
1860 45,73514.2%
1870 47,9474.8%
1880 50,8976.2%
1890 46,437−8.8%
1900 47,4302.1%
1910 48,2301.7%
1920 43,898−9.0%
1930 46,6876.4%
1940 54,00615.7%
1950 53,622−0.7%
1960 72,72235.6%
1970 72,9340.3%
1980 80,75010.7%
1990 85,9696.5%
2000 79,894−7.1%
2010 82,1282.8%
2018 (est.)80,695 [12] −1.7%
US Decennial Census [13]
1790-1960 [14] 1900-1990 [15]
1990-2000 [16] 2010-2013 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States Census, [17] there were 79,894 people, 29,423 households, and 19,272 families in the county. The population density was 77.0/sqmi (29.7/km2). There were 33,091 housing units at an average density of 31.9/sqmi (12.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.33% White, 3.58% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 2.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.7% were of French, 15.0% French Canadian, 12.5% American, 11.8% Irish, 7.6% English and 5.5% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.1% spoke English, 2.8% French and 1.7% Spanish as their first language.

There were 29,423 households, out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.50% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.

The county population contained 23.00% under the age of 18, 12.40% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 104.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.60 males.

The median household income was $37,028, and the median income for a family was $45,732. Males had a median income of $33,788 versus $25,520 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,946. About 9.40% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.30% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The State University of New York at Plattsburgh is located in the City of Plattsburgh. The county is also served by Clinton Community College, which is located in the Town of Plattsburgh.

Infrastructure

Clinton Correctional Facility, a maximum-security prison is located in the village of Dannemora. Altona Correctional Facility is a medium-security prison in the town of Altona.

Transportation

Highways

Airports

Rail

Amtrak's Adirondack Train travels through the county, connecting Montreal to New York City. Two trains a day (one north and one south) stop in the county in Plattsburgh and Rouses Point. [20]

Mass-Transit

The Clinton County Public Transit runs bus routes that branch from Plattsburgh to towns in the county. [21]

Communities

City

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Hamlets

See also

Related Research Articles

Lake Champlain Lake in New York, Vermont and Quebec

Lake Champlain is a natural freshwater lake in North America mainly within the borders of the United States but also across the Canada–U.S. border into the Canadian province of Quebec.

Franklin County, New York County in New York

Franklin County is a county on the northern border of the U.S. state of New York. To the north across the Canada–United States border are the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario, from east to west. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 51,599. Its county seat is Malone. The county is named in honor of United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin.

Beekmantown, New York Town in New York, United States

Beekmantown is a town in Clinton County, New York, United States. The population was 5,545 at the 2010 census. The town name is that of William Beekman, an original landowner. It is on the east border of the county, just north of Plattsburgh.

Chazy, New York Town in New York, United States

Chazy is a town in northeastern Clinton County, New York, in the United States. The population was 4,284 at the 2010 census. The closest city is Plattsburgh, 14 miles (23 km) to the south. Chazy is 8 miles (13 km) south of the Canada–United States border. The ZIP code is 12921 and it is in area code 518.

Rouses Point, New York Village in New York, United States

Rouses Point is a village in Clinton County, New York, United States, along the 45th parallel. The population was 2,209 at the 2010 census. The village is named after Jacques Roux, a French Canadian soldier who fought alongside the Americans during their war for independence. The village is on the western shore of Lake Champlain at the source of the Richelieu River. Also located in the northeastern corner of the town of Champlain, it is north of the city of Plattsburgh and less than one mile south of the Canada–United States border.

Chesterfield, New York Town in New York, United States

Chesterfield is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 2,445 at the 2010 census. The name possibly is from a location in New England.

Essex, New York Town in New York, United States

Essex is a town in Essex County, New York, United States overlooking Lake Champlain. The population was 671 at the 2010 census. The town is named after locations in England.

Altona, New York Town in New York, United States

Altona is a town in Clinton County, New York, United States. The population was 2,887 at the 2010 census. The town was named after the Altona, Hamburg, district of Germany. The town contains a hamlet also called Altona.

Champlain (village), New York Village in New York, United States

Champlain is a village in Clinton County, New York, United States. The population was 1,101 at the 2010 census. The village is located in the town of Champlain about 4 miles (6 km) west of Lake Champlain and is north of Plattsburgh.

Champlain, New York Town in New York, United States

Champlain is a town in Clinton County, New York, United States. The population was 5,754 at the 2010 census. The town is located on the west shore of Lake Champlain, near the north end of Lake Champlain and is on the U.S./Canadian border.

Dannemora (town), New York Town in New York, United States

Dannemora is a town in Clinton County, New York, United States. The population was 4,898 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Dannemora, Sweden, an important iron-mining region.

Plattsburgh (town), New York Town in New York, United States

Plattsburgh is a town in Clinton County, New York, United States. The population was 11,870 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Zephaniah Platt, an early land owner. The Town of Plattsburgh surrounds the separate and more populous City of Plattsburgh. The town is in the eastern part of the county, in the North Country region of the U.S. state of New York. The region's airport, Plattsburgh International Airport, is located in the southern part of the town.

Plattsburgh (city), New York The Clinton County seat

Plattsburgh is a city in and the seat of Clinton County, New York, United States. The population was 19,989 at the 2010 census. The population of the unincorporated areas within the surrounding Town of Plattsburgh was 11,870 as of the 2010 census, making the combined population for all of Plattsburgh to be 31,859. Plattsburgh lies just to the northeast of Adirondack Park, immediately outside of the park boundaries. It is the second largest community in the North Country region, and serves as the main commercial hub for the sparsely populated northern Adirondack Mountains. The land around what is referred to as Plattsburgh was previously inhabited by the Iroquois, Western Abenaki, Mohican and Mohawk people. Samuel de Champlain was the first ever recorded european that sailed into Champlain Valley and later claimed the region as a part of New France in 1609.

Champlain Valley

The Champlain Valley is a region of the United States around Lake Champlain in Vermont and New York extending north slightly into Quebec, Canada. It is part of the St. Lawrence River drainage basin, drained northward by the Richelieu River into the St. Lawrence at Sorel-Tracy, Quebec. The Richelieu valley is not generally referred to as part of the Champlain Valley.

Area codes 518 and 838 Telephone area codes

Area codes 518 and 838 are telephone area codes serving the northeasternmost part of Upstate New York in the United States. 518 was established as one of the original area codes during 1947. Area code 838 was added as an overlay during 2017. The two area codes cover 24 counties and 1,200 ZIP Codes. There are 493 landline exchanges and 100 wireless exchanges served by 47 carriers. The numbering plan area (NPA) it covers in New York State extends from the eastern Mohawk Valley to the Vermont border, and from the Canada–US border to south of Albany. The bulk of this NPA population is in the Capital District. Other cities in the NPA are Glens Falls, Plattsburgh, and Saratoga Springs.

New York State Route 374 (NY 374) is a state highway in the North Country of New York in the United States. The route follows a generally northwest to southeast progression; however, the portion of the route within Franklin County runs north–south and is signed in the same manner. The western terminus of NY 374 is at a junction with U.S. Route 11 in the village of Chateaugay. Its eastern terminus is at an intersection with NY 22 north of the city of Plattsburgh.

New York State Route 276 (NY 276) is a state highway located entirely within Clinton County, New York, United States. It connects the town of Champlain to the village of Rouses Point, with both termini situated at intersections with U.S. Route 11 (US 11), approximately 5 miles (8 km) apart. The middle third of the route runs along the southern edge of the Canadian border and connects to Quebec Route 221 by way of the Overton Corners–Lacolle 221 Border Crossing, midway between the villages of Champlain and Rouses Point. In Rouses Point, NY 276 is known as Church Street and Pratt Street. All of NY 276 was originally designated as part of NY 348 before gaining its current designation c. 1963.

New York State Route 191 (NY 191) was a 6.24-mile (10.04 km) long state highway located north of Adirondack Park. The route was maintained and co-designated by the Clinton County highway department as County Route 23 (CR 23) and headed from an intersection with NY 22 in the hamlet of Sciota within the town of Chazy to a junction with U.S. Route 9 (US 9) in the hamlet of Chazy. The route met Interstate 87 west of Chazy hamlet.

New York State Route 348 (NY 348) was a state highway located within the town of Chazy in Clinton County, New York, in the United States. It stretched for 6.2 miles (10.0 km) from NY 22 in the hamlet of West Chazy to U.S. Route 9 (US 9) in the hamlet of Chazy and passed under the Adirondack Northway. NY 348 did not intersect any state routes or pass through any communities other than those at each of its termini.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. "GoAdirondack.com-About The Adirondack Coast". goadirondack.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  4. 1 2 Clinton County NY - Google Maps (accessed 6 July 2019)
  5. Lyon Mountain, New York. PeakBagger.com (accessed 6 July 2019)
  6. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  7. Miner Lake State Park. stateparks.com (accessed 6 July 2019)
  8. Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  9. US Election Atlas
  10. Legislative District Maps
  11. (accessed 6 July 2019)
  12. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates (accessed 6 July 2019)" . Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  13. "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  14. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  15. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  16. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  17. "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  18. I-87 Multimodal Corridor Study Archived 8 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine , New York State Department of Transportation, Retrieved June 13, 2016.
  19. Clinton County Public and Private Airports, New York. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  20. AMTRAK/Plattsburgh, New York station (accessed 6 July 2019)
  21. Welcome to Clinton County Public Transit (accessed 6 July 2019)

Coordinates: 44°44′N73°41′W / 44.74°N 73.68°W / 44.74; -73.68