Midtown Manhattan

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Midtown Manhattan
ChryslerBuildingMidtownManhattanNewYorkCity.jpg
East Side of Midtown Manhattan, showing the terraced crown of the Chrysler Building lit at twilight
Location in New York City
42nd Street in New York.jpg
Coordinates: 40°44′49″N73°59′10″W / 40.747°N 73.986°W / 40.747; -73.986 Coordinates: 40°44′49″N73°59′10″W / 40.747°N 73.986°W / 40.747; -73.986
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of New York.svg  New York
City Flag of New York City.svg New York City
Borough Flag of Manhattan.png Manhattan
Community District Manhattan 5 [1]
Area
[2]
  Total2.254 sq mi (5.84 km2)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total104,753
  Density46,000/sq mi (18,000/km2)
Ethnicity
[3]
  White64.1
  Asian20.8
  Hispanic8.1
  Black4.6
  Others2.4
Economics
[2]
   Median income $120,854
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
10001, 10016–10019, 10022, 10036, several smaller zip codes
Area code 212, 332, 646, and 917

Midtown Manhattan is the central portion of the borough of Manhattan in New York City. Midtown is home to some of the city's most iconic buildings, including the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project, the headquarters of the United Nations, Grand Central Terminal, and Rockefeller Center, as well as Broadway and Times Square.

Boroughs of New York City administrative division of New York City

New York City encompasses five county-level administrative divisions called boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. All five boroughs are part of New York City, and each borough is coterminous with a respective county. The boroughs of Queens and The Bronx are concurrent with the counties of the same name, while the boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Staten Island correspond to New York, Kings, and Richmond counties, respectively.

Manhattan Borough in New York City and county in New York, United States

Manhattan, , is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City, coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York. Manhattan serves as the city's economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, and historical birthplace. The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; several small adjacent islands; and Marble Hill, a small neighborhood now on the U.S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower, Midtown, and Upper Manhattan.

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Contents

Midtown Manhattan is the largest central business district in the world and ranks among the most expensive pieces of real estate; Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan commands the world's highest retail rents, with average annual rents at US$3,000 per square foot ($32,000/m2) in 2017. [4] However, due to the high price of retail spaces in Midtown, there are also many vacant storefronts in the neighborhood. [5] Midtown is the country's largest commercial, entertainment, and media center, and also a growing financial center.

Central business district commercial and business centre of a city

A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city's "financial district". Geographically, it often coincides with the "city centre" or "downtown", but the two concepts are separate: many cities have a central business district located away from its commercial or cultural city centre or downtown, or even several CBDs at once. In London, for example, the "city centre" is usually regarded as encompassing the historic City of London and the mediaeval City of Westminster, whereas the City of London and the transformed Docklands area are regarded as its two CBDs. In New York City, Midtown Manhattan is the largest central business district in the city and in the world; yet Lower Manhattan, commonly called Downtown Manhattan, represents the second largest, and second, distinct CBD in New York City and is geographically situated south of Midtown. In Chicago, the Chicago Loop is the second largest central business district in the United States and is also referred to as the core of the city's downtown. Mexico City also has a historic city centre, the colonial-era Centro Histórico, along with two CBDs: the mid-late 20th century Paseo de la Reforma – Polanco, and the new Santa Fe.

Fifth Avenue North-south avenue in Manhattan, New York

Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. It stretches north from Washington Square Park in Greenwich Village to West 143rd Street in Harlem. It is considered one of the most expensive and elegant streets in the world.

Retail Sale of goods and services from individuals or businesses to the end-user

Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit. Retailers satisfy demand identified through a supply chain. The term "retailer" is typically applied where a service provider fills the small orders of a large number of individuals, who are end-users, rather than large orders of a small number of wholesale, corporate or government clientele. Shopping generally refers to the act of buying products. Sometimes this is done to obtain final goods, including necessities such as food and clothing; sometimes it takes place as a recreational activity. Recreational shopping often involves window shopping and browsing: it does not always result in a purchase.

The majority of New York City's skyscrapers, including its tallest hotels and apartment towers, are in Midtown. The area hosts commuters and residents working in its offices, hotels, and retail establishments, tourists and students. Times Square, the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] is a major center of the world's entertainment industry. [11] Sixth Avenue also has the headquarters of three of the four major U.S. television networks.

Skyscraper tall building

A skyscraper is a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors and is taller than approximately 150 m (492 ft). Historically, the term first referred to buildings with 10 to 20 floors in the 1880s. The definition shifted with advancing construction technology during the 20th century. Skyscrapers may host offices, residential spaces, and retail spaces. For buildings above a height of 300 m (984 ft), the term supertall skyscrapers can be used, while skyscrapers reaching beyond 600 m (1,969 ft) are classified as megatall skyscrapers.

Theater District, Manhattan Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

New York City's Theater District is an area in Midtown Manhattan where most Broadway theaters are located, as well as many other theaters, movie theaters, restaurants, hotels, and other places of entertainment. It is bounded by West 40th Street on the south, West 54th Street on the north, Sixth Avenue on the east and Eighth Avenue on the west, and includes Times Square. The Great White Way is the name given to the section of Broadway which runs through the Theater District.

Sixth Avenue North-south avenue in Manhattan, New York

Sixth Avenue – officially Avenue of the Americas, although this name is seldom used by New Yorkers – is a major thoroughfare in New York City's borough of Manhattan, on which traffic runs northbound, or "uptown". It is commercial for much of its length.

Midtown is part of Manhattan Community District 5. [1] It is patrolled by the 14th and 18th Precincts of the New York City Police Department.

Manhattan Community Board 5

Manhattan Community Board 5 is a New York City community board, part of the local government apparatus of the city, with the responsibility for the neighborhoods of Midtown, Times Square, most of the Theater District, the Diamond District, the Garment District, Herald Square, Koreatown, NoMad, Murray Hill and the Flatiron District, all in the borough of Manhattan. It is bounded by 59th Street on the north, Eighth Avenue, 26th Street, the Avenue of the Americas on the west, 14th Street on the south, and Lexington Avenue on the east, excluding the area from 34th to 40th Streets between Madison and Lexington Avenues, and the area from 20th to 22nd Streets between Park Avenue South and Lexington Avenue/Irving Place.

New York City Police Department Municipal police force in the United States

The New York City Police Department (NYPD), officially the City of New York Police Department, is the primary law enforcement and investigation agency within the City of New York. Established on May 23, 1845, the NYPD is one of the oldest police departments in the United States, and is the largest police force in the United States. The NYPD headquarters is at 1 Police Plaza, located on Park Row in Lower Manhattan across the street from City Hall. The department's mission is to "enforce the laws, preserve the peace, reduce fear, and provide for a safe environment." The NYPD's regulations are compiled in title 38 of the New York City Rules. The New York City Transit Police and New York City Housing Authority Police Department were fully integrated into the NYPD in 1995 by New York City Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani.

Location

Geographically, the northern bound of Midtown Manhattan is commonly defined to be 59th Street; its southern boundary is less clear, and variously taken to be 34th Street, 23rd Street, or even 14th Street. Midtown spans the entire island of Manhattan along an east-west axis, bounded by the East River on its east and the Hudson River to its west. The Encyclopedia of New York City defines Midtown as extending from 34th Street to 59th Street and from 3rd Avenue to 8th Avenue. [12]

59th Street (Manhattan) West-east street in Manhattan, New York

59th Street is a crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan, running from York Avenue/Sutton Place to the West Side Highway, with a discontinuity between Ninth Avenue/Columbus Avenue and Eighth Avenue/Central Park West where the Time Warner Center is located. At Second Avenue, 59th Street branches off onto the Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge, which is often referred to as the 59th Street Bridge, even though 59th Street continues east to York Avenue/Sutton Place.

34th Street (Manhattan) West-east street in Manhattan, New York

34th Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It runs the width of Manhattan Island from West Side Highway on the West Side to the FDR Drive on the East Side. 34th Street is used as a crosstown artery between New Jersey to the west and Queens to the east, connecting the Lincoln Tunnel to New Jersey with the Queens Midtown Tunnel to Long Island.

23rd Street (Manhattan) West-east street in Manhattan, New York

23rd Street is a broad thoroughfare in the New York City borough of Manhattan, one of the major two-way, east-west streets in the borough's grid. As with Manhattan's other "crosstown" streets, it is divided into its east and west sections at Fifth Avenue. The street runs from Avenue C and FDR Drive in the east to Eleventh Avenue in the west.

Neighborhoods

Madison Square Garden Madison Square Garden, 2005.jpg
Madison Square Garden
Times Square (2013), one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections 1 times square night 2013.jpg
Times Square (2013), one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections
GE Building by David Shankbone.JPG
30 Rockefeller Plaza (former GE Building) at Rockefeller Center
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Skyscrapers line Sixth Avenue in the heart of Midtown
"Korea Way" on 32nd Street in Manhattan's Koreatown (maenhaeteun koriataun) Koreatown manhattan 2009.JPG
"Korea Way" on 32nd Street in Manhattan's Koreatown (맨해튼 코리아타운)
The United Nations Secretariat building at the United Nations Headquarters 67o Periodo de Sesiones de la Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas (8020913157).jpg
The United Nations Secretariat building at the United Nations Headquarters
Herald Square, with Macy's Macy's Department store Herald Square (8403806690).jpg
Herald Square, with Macy's

In addition to its central business district, Midtown Manhattan encompasses many neighborhoods, including Hell's Kitchen and Chelsea on the West Side, and Murray Hill, Kips Bay, Turtle Bay, and Gramercy Park on the East Side. It is sometimes broken into "Midtown East" and "Midtown West", or north and south as in the New York City Police Department's Midtown North and Midtown South precincts.

Hells Kitchen, Manhattan Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

Hell's Kitchen, sometimes known as Clinton, is a neighborhood on the West Side of Midtown Manhattan in New York City. It is traditionally considered to be bordered by 34th Street to the south, 59th Street to the north, Eighth Avenue to the east, and the Hudson River to the west.

Chelsea, Manhattan Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

Chelsea is a neighborhood on the West Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City. The district's boundaries are roughly 14th Street to the south, the Hudson River and West Street to the west, and Sixth Avenue to the east, with its northern boundary variously described as near the upper 20s or 34th Street, the next major crosstown street to the north. To the northwest of Chelsea is the neighborhood of Hell's Kitchen, as well as Hudson Yards; to the northeast are the Garment District and the remainder of Midtown South; to the east are NoMad and the Flatiron District; to the southwest is the Meatpacking District; and to the south and southeast are the West Village and the remainder of Greenwich Village. Chelsea is named after the Royal Hospital Chelsea in London, England.

Murray Hill, Manhattan Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

Murray Hill is a neighborhood on the east side of Manhattan in New York City. Murray Hill is bordered to the east by the East River, to the west by Midtown Manhattan, to the south by Kips Bay and Rose Hill, and to the north by Turtle Bay. Its exact boundaries are disputed and vary widely, but it is generally located between East 32nd Street and/or 34th Street to the south, East 40th Street and/or 42nd Street to the north, Madison Avenue or Fifth Avenue to the west, and the East River to the east.

Neighborhoods in the Midtown area include the following:

Midtown is the original district in the United States to bear the name and included historical but now defunct neighborhoods such as the Ladies' Mile, along Fifth Avenue from 14th to 23rd Street; and the Tenderloin, from 23rd to 42nd Street and from Fifth Avenue to Seventh Avenue.

Landmarks

Avenues

Important streets and thoroughfares

Differing demarcations of Midtown Manhattan

The border of Midtown Manhattan is nebulous and further confused by the fact that the term "Midtown Manhattan" can be used to refer either to a district or a group of neighborhoods and districts in Manhattan:

Cityscape

The skyline of Midtown Manhattan, looking Downtown (south) toward Lower Manhattan, in April 2017 Manhattan Skyline night.jpg
The skyline of Midtown Manhattan, looking Downtown (south) toward Lower Manhattan, in April 2017

Economy

Midtown Manhattan, along with Lower Manhattan, is one of the world's leading financial centers.

Corporate headquarters

Midtown Manhattan is the world's largest central business district, with 400 million square feet (37.2 million m2) of office space in 2018. [15] Midtown contains the headquarters of major companies, including 4Kids Entertainment (formerly), [16] Barnes & Noble, [17] Bloomberg L.P., [18] Ernst & Young, [19] Calvin Klein, [20] Cantor Fitzgerald, [21] CBS Corporation, [22] Citigroup, [23] Colgate-Palmolive, [24] Cushman & Wakefield, [25] DC Comics, [26] Deloitte, [27] Duane Reade, [28] Estée Lauder Companies, [29] Foot Locker, [30] Frederator Studios, [31] JPMorgan Chase, [32] Hess Corporation, [33] Kroll Inc., [34] L-3 Communications, [35] Marsh & McLennan Companies, [36] Marvel Entertainment, [37] MetLife, [38] MidOcean Partners, [39] Morgan Stanley, [40] NBC Universal, [41] The New York Times Company, [42] NexCen Brands, [43] Pfizer, [44] Polo Ralph Lauren, [45] Saks Incorporated (Saks Fifth Avenue), [46] The Sharper Image, [47] Simon & Schuster, [22] Six Flags, [48] TBWA Worldwide, [49] Thomson Reuters, [50] Time Warner, [51] Time Warner Cable, [52] The Travelers Companies, Univision Communications, [53] and Viacom. [54] The New York Institute of Finance is located in Midtown Manhattan. [55]

Foreign subsidiary operations

Haier operates its United States offices in the Haier Building at 1356 Broadway; the building used to be a building of the Greenwich Savings Bank. Haier held the opening ceremony on March 4, 2002. [56] Sumitomo Corporation operates its New York Office, the headquarters of the corporation's United States operations, at 600 Third Avenue, 10016 in the Murray Hill neighborhood. [57] El Al's North American headquarters are in Midtown. [58] The Air France USA regional headquarters are in 125 West 55th Street in Midtown Manhattan. [59] [60] Hachette Book Group USA has its headquarters in 237 Park Avenue. [61] In 1994 Alitalia considered moving its USA headquarters from Midtown to Lower Manhattan, but decided to keep the offices where they were at the last minute. [62] Global Infrastructure Partners has an office in Midtown Manhattan. [63]

Tech and biotech

Silicon Alley, the common metonym for New York City's high tech sector, is based in Midtown South, specifically the Flatiron District. Prominent Silicon Alley companies in Midtown include AppNexus, Blue Apron, Gilt, Betterment, Oscar, SoFi, Rent the Runway, Warby Parker, and WeWork. The technology sector has been expanding across Midtown Manhattan since 2010. [64] The biotechnology sector is also growing in Midtown Manhattan based upon the city's strength in academic scientific research and public and commercial financial support. By mid-2014, Accelerator, a biotech investment firm, had raised more than US$30 million from investors, including Eli Lilly and Company, Pfizer, and Johnson & Johnson, for initial funding to create biotechnology startups at the Alexandria Center for Life Science, which encompasses more than 700,000 square feet (65,000 m2) on East 29th Street and promotes collaboration among scientists and entrepreneurs at the center and with nearby academic, medical, and research institutions.

Biotechnology is emerging in Midtown Manhattan, bolstered by the city's strength in academic scientific research and public and commercial financial support. By mid-2014, Accelerator, a biotech investment firm, had raised more than US$30 million from investors, including Eli Lilly and Company, Pfizer, and Johnson & Johnson, for initial funding to create biotechnology startups at the Alexandria Center for Life Science, which encompasses more than 700,000 square feet (65,000 m2) on East 29th Street and promotes collaboration among scientists and entrepreneurs at the center and with nearby academic, medical, and research institutions. The New York City Economic Development Corporation's Early Stage Life Sciences Funding Initiative and venture capital partners, including Celgene, General Electric Ventures, and Eli Lilly, committed a minimum of US$100 million to help launch 15 to 20 ventures in life sciences and biotechnology. [65]

Real estate

Real estate is a major force in Midtown Manhattan's economy, and indeed the city's, as the total value of all New York City property was estimated at US$914.8 billion for the 2015 fiscal year. [66] Manhattan has perennially been home to some of the nation's, as well as the world's, most marketable real estate, including the Time Warner Center, which had the highest-listed market value in the city in 2006 at US$1.1 billion, [67] to be subsequently surpassed in October 2014 by the Waldorf Astoria New York, which became the most expensive hotel ever sold after being purchased by the Anbang Insurance Group, based in China, for US$1.95 billion. [68] When 450 Park Avenue was sold on July 2, 2007, for US$510 million, about US$1,589 per square foot (US$17,104/m2), it broke the barely month-old record for an American office building of US$1,476 per square foot (US$15,887/m2) based on the sale of 660 Madison Avenue. [69] In 2014, Manhattan was home to six of the top ten zip codes in the United States by median housing price. [70] In 2019, the most expensive home sale ever in the United States achieved completion in Midtown Manhattan, at a selling price of US$238 million, for a 24,000 square feet (2,200 m2) penthouse apartment overlooking Central Park. [71]

Broadway theatre

According to The Broadway League, shows on Broadway sold approximately US$1.27 billion worth of tickets in the 2013-2014 season, an increase of 11.4% from US$1.139 billion in the 2012-2013 season; attendance in 2013-2014 stood at 12.21 million, a 5.5% increase from the 2012-2013 season's 11.57 million. [72]

Former economic operations

The MetLife Building (formerly Pan Am Building) Walter Gropius photo MetLife Building fassade New York USA 2005-10-03.jpg
The MetLife Building (formerly Pan Am Building)

Companies that used to have their headquarters in Midtown Manhattan include American Airlines, [73] [74] American Comics Group, [75] American Overseas Airlines, [76] Central Park Media, [77] [78] Eastern Air Lines, [79] GoodTimes Entertainment, [80] LJN, [81] NewKidCo, [82] Pan American World Airways, [83] Philip Morris Companies (now Altria Group), [84] [85] Trans Caribbean Airways, [86] and Trans World Airlines. [87] [88] [89] In 1997, Aer Lingus announced that it was moving its North American headquarters from Midtown to Melville, New York, in Suffolk County on Long Island. [90]

Demographics

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Midtown Manhattan was 28,630, a change of 2,823 (9.9%) from the 25,807 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 692.81 acres (280.37 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 41.3 inhabitants per acre (26,400/sq mi; 10,200/km2). [91] The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 64.1% (18,351) White, 4.6% (1,310) African American, 0.1% (34) Native American, 20.8% (5,942) Asian, 0% (8) Pacific Islander, 0.3% (92) from other races, and 2% (569) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.1% (2,324) of the population. [3]

The entirety of Community District 5, which comprises Midtown Manhattan, had 53,120 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 84.8 years. [92] :2, 20 This is higher than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods. [93] :53 (PDF p. 84) [94] Most inhabitants are adults: a plurality (45%) are between the ages of 25–44, while 22% are between 45–64, and 13% are 65 or older. The ratio of youth and college-aged residents was lower, at 7% and 12% respectively. [92] :2

As of 2017, the median household income in Community Districts 4 and 5 (including Chelsea and Hell's Kitchen) was $101,981, [95] though the median income in Midtown individually was $120,854. [2] In 2018, an estimated 11% of Midtown Manhattan residents lived in poverty, compared to 14% in all of Manhattan and 20% in all of New York City. One in twenty residents (5%) were unemployed, compared to 7% in Manhattan and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 41% in Midtown Manhattan, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 45% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Midtown Manhattan is considered to be high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying. [92] :7

Police and crime

NYPD 14th (Midtown South) Precinct NYPD Midtown South Precinct.jpg
NYPD 14th (Midtown South) Precinct

Midtown Manhattan is patrolled by two precincts of the NYPD. [96] Midtown North is patrolled by the 18th Precinct, [lower-alpha 1] located at 306 West 54th Street, [97] while Midtown South is patrolled by the 14th Precinct, [lower-alpha 1] located at 357 West 35th Street. [99] The precincts ranked 69th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. The high per-capita crime rate can be attributed to the low population of the area, as well as the high number of crimes committed against tourists. [100] With a non-fatal assault rate of 25 per 100,000 people, Midtown Manhattan's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 297 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole. [92] :8

The 18th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 84.2% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 3 murders, 21 rapes, 130 robberies, 190 felony assaults, 175 burglaries, 1,875 grand larcenies, and 31 grand larcenies auto in 2018. [101] The 14th Precinct also has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 88.6% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 0 murders, 19 rapes, 150 robberies, 199 felony assaults, 210 burglaries, 2,005 grand larcenies, and 23 grand larcenies auto in 2018. [102]

Fire safety

Engine Co. 54/Ladder Co. 4/Battalion 9 Engine 54, Ladder 4, Battalion 9 - firehouse - 16C243.jpg
Engine Co. 54/Ladder Co. 4/Battalion 9

The main part of midtown Manhattan, between 34th and 59th Streets from Lexington Avenue to Eighth Avenue, is served by five fire stations of the New York City Fire Department (FDNY): [103]

The greater Midtown area between 14th Street and 59th Street contains seven additional fire stations. [103]

Health

Preterm and teenage births in Midtown Manhattan are lower than the city average. In Midtown Manhattan, there were 67 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 4 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide). [92] :11 Midtown Manhattan has a low population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 11%, slightly less than the citywide rate of 12%. [92] :14

The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Midtown Manhattan is 0.0113 milligrams per cubic metre (1.13×10−8 oz/cu ft), more than the city average. [92] :9 Eleven percent of Midtown Manhattan residents are smokers, which is less than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers. [92] :13 In Midtown Manhattan, 10% of residents are obese, 5% are diabetic, and 18% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively. [92] :16 In addition, 9% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%. [92] :12

Ninety-one percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is higher than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 86% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," more than the city's average of 78%. [92] :13 For every supermarket in Midtown Manhattan, there are 11 bodegas. [92] :10

The nearest major hospitals are Beth Israel Medical Center in Stuyvesant Town, as well as the Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Medical Center in Kips Bay, and NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital in the Upper East Side. [109] [110]

Post offices and ZIP codes

USPS Grand Central Station Grand Central USPO; March 11, 2017-07.jpg
USPS Grand Central Station

Midtown Manhattan is located within six primary ZIP Codes. West of Fifth Avenue, Midtown is located in 10018 between 34th and 41st Streets, 10036 between 41st and 48th Streets, and 10019 between 48th and 59th Streets. East of Fifth Avenue, Midtown is located in 10016 between 34th and 40th Streets, 10017 between 40th and 49th Streets, and 10022 between 49th and 59th Streets. The area southwest of Fifth Avenue and 34th Street, sometimes considered to be in Midtown, is part of 10001. Other areas between 14th and 34th Streets are covered by ZIP Codes 10003, 10009, 10010, and 10011, though these are generally not considered to be part of Midtown proper. [111] There are also thirty-three ZIP Codes assigned to individual buildings or building complexes. [113]

The United States Postal Service operates six post offices in Midtown:

James A. Farley Post Office Farley PO jeh.JPG
James A. Farley Post Office

In addition, the James A. Farley Station, the city's main post office, is located at 421 8th Avenue. [120] The post office stopped 24-hour service in 2009 due to decreasing mail traffic. [121]

Education

Midtown Manhattan generally has a higher rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. A majority of residents age 25 and older (78%) have a college education or higher, while 6% have less than a high school education and 17% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 64% of Manhattan residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher. [92] :6 The percentage of Midtown Manhattan students excelling in math rose from 61% in 2000 to 80% in 2011 and reading achievement increased from 66% to 68% during the same time period. [122]

Midtown Manhattan's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is lower than the rest of New York City. In Midtown Manhattan, 19% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, less than the citywide average of 20%. [93] :24 (PDF p. 55) [92] :6 Additionally, 92% of high school students in Midtown Manhattan graduate on time, more than the citywide average of 75%. [92] :6

Schools

There are no public elementary or middle schools in Midtown. [123]

The New York City Department of Education operates the following public high schools in Midtown, serving grades 9-12: [123]

Private schools include The Beekman School, Rebecca School, and a number of private languages and music centers (e.g. Berlitz, American Language Communication Center, New York Language Center, [129] Swan Music School, and the New York Youth Symphony). The La Scuola d'Italia Guglielmo Marconi Italian international school moved to West Midtown in 2016. [130]

Libraries

New York Public Library Main Branch New York Public Library May 2011.JPG
New York Public Library Main Branch

The New York Public Library (NYPL) operates two reference branches in Midtown. [131] The Stephen A. Schwarzman Building (also the Main Branch) is a reference branch at 476 Fifth Avenue. The four-story building, constructed in 1911, is known worldwide for its architecture and has several million items in its collections. [132] The Science, Industry and Business Library (SIBL) is located at 188 Madison Avenue. SIBL, created in 1996, contains a large collection of business-related materials. [133]

There are also five circulating branches in Midtown: [131] [134]

Higher education

Two campuses of the City University of New York (CUNY)—the doctorate-granting CUNY Graduate Center and the Stella and Charles Guttman Community College—are located in Midtown, while Baruch College, also of the City University of New York, is located in Midtown South. Mercy College is situated at Herald Square.

Transportation

Grand Central Terminal, seen from 42nd Street Image-Grand central Station Outside Night 2.jpg
Grand Central Terminal, seen from 42nd Street

Pennsylvania Station and Grand Central Terminal are the two major railroad stations located in Midtown Manhattan. Penn Station serves Amtrak, NJ Transit, and the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR), while Grand Central serves the Metro-North Railroad and will serve the LIRR in the future. Penn Station is considered to be the busiest transportation hub in the Western Hemisphere, servicing around 650,000 people per day. [143] [144]

The Port Authority Bus Terminal is located at Eighth Avenue and 41st Street at the western edge of Midtown. The terminal is the largest in the United States and busiest in the world by volume of traffic, serving more than 65 million people per year. [145]

The New York City Subway and MTA Regional Bus Operations each operate several routes that go through Midtown. Additionally, the PATH train to New Jersey terminates at 33rd Street and Sixth Avenue in Midtown. [146] [147]

Traffic congestion is common, especially for crosstown traffic. In 2011, a new system of traffic light control, known as "Midtown in Motion" was announced, with the aim of reducing traffic congestion. [148] Approximately 750,000 vehicles enter Midtown Manhattan on a fall business day. [149] According to the 2011 Traffic Data Report for New York State, 777,527 vehicles a day went through select toll facilities into Manhattan. [150]

Government infrastructure

The New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, is located in the Rose Hill section of Midtown Manhattan. The Puerto Rico Federal Affairs Administration operates its New York office on the 22nd floor at 135 West 50th Street. [151]

Diplomatic missions

Several countries, including Argentina, The Bahamas, [152] People's Republic of China, [153] Costa Rica, [154] Germany, [155] Ireland, [156] Israel, [157] Jamaica, [158] Japan, [159] Luxembourg, [160] Mexico, [161] Morocco, [162] Saudi Arabia, [163] Singapore, [164] South Africa, [165] South Korea, [166] United Kingdom, [167] and Ukraine, [168] have consulates-general in Midtown Manhattan accredited to the United States. In addition, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is in Midtown Manhattan. [169]

See also

Related Research Articles

Broadway (Manhattan) Avenue in New York

Broadway is a road in the U.S. state of New York. Broadway runs from State Street at Bowling Green for 13 mi (21 km) through the borough of Manhattan and 2 mi (3.2 km) through the Bronx, exiting north from the city to run an additional 18 mi (29 km) through the municipalities of Yonkers, Hastings-On-Hudson, Dobbs Ferry, Irvington, and Tarrytown, and terminating north of Sleepy Hollow in Westchester County.

Madison Avenue North-south avenue in Manhattan, New York

Madison Avenue is a north-south avenue in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, United States, that carries northbound one-way traffic. It runs from Madison Square to meet the southbound Harlem River Drive at 142nd Street. In doing so, it passes through Midtown, the Upper East Side, East Harlem, and Harlem. It is named after and arises from Madison Square, which is itself named after James Madison, the fourth President of the United States.

Koreatown, Manhattan Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

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Upper West Side Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

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Kips Bay, Manhattan Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

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Turtle Bay, Manhattan Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

Turtle Bay is a neighborhood in New York City, on the east side of Midtown Manhattan. It extends from roughly 43rd Street to 53rd Streets, and eastward from Lexington Avenue to the East River's western branch. The neighborhood is the site of the headquarters of the United Nations and the Chrysler Building. The Tudor City apartment complex is to the south of Turtle Bay.

Henry Janeway Hardenbergh architect

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Hudson Yards (neighborhood), Manhattan Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

Hudson Yards is a neighborhood on the West Side of Midtown Manhattan, bounded roughly by 30th Street in the south, 43rd Street in the north, the West Side Highway in the west, and Eighth Avenue in the east. The area is the site of a large-scale redevelopment program that is being planned, funded, and constructed under a set of agreements among the State of New York, City of New York, and Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), with the aim of expanding the Midtown Manhattan business district westward to the Hudson River. The program includes a major rezoning of the Far West Side, an extension of the New York City Subway's 7 and <7>​ trains to a new subway station at 34th Street and 11th Avenue, a renovation and expansion of the Javits Center, and a financing plan to fund the various components. The various components are being planned by New York City Department of City Planning and New York City Economic Development Corporation.

West Village neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

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Community boards of Manhattan

Community boards of Manhattan are New York City community boards in the borough of Manhattan, which are the appointed advisory groups of the community districts that advise on land use and zoning, participate in the city budget process, and address service delivery in their district.

57th Street (Manhattan) West-east street in Manhattan, New York

57th Street is one of New York City's major thoroughfares, which runs as a two-way street east-west in the Midtown section of the borough of Manhattan, from the New York City Department of Sanitation's dock on the Hudson River at the West Side Highway to a small park overlooking the East River built on a platform suspended above the FDR Drive. Between Fifth and Eighth Avenue, it is two blocks south of Central Park. 57th Street is notable for prestigious art galleries, restaurants and up-market shops.

47th Street (Manhattan) West-east street in Manhattan, New York

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M5 and M55 buses Bus routes in Manhattan, New York

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Midtown South Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York, New York, United States

Midtown South is a macro-neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City, generally characterized as constituting the southern portion of Midtown Manhattan. Midtown Manhattan hosts over 700,000 daily employees as a busy hub for workers, residents, and tourists. The Empire State Building, the Flatiron Building, Pennsylvania Station, Madison Square Garden, the Macy's Herald Square flagship store, Koreatown, and NYU Langone Medical Center are all arguably located in Midtown South.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 Officially, the precincts are known as the 14th and 18th Precincts. However, they are respectively publicly referred to as the Midtown South and Midtown North Precincts, making them one of the few unnumbered NYPD precincts in New York City. [98]

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